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Job Number Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.prokon.com E-Mail : mail@prokon.

com Client Calcs by Checked by Date

Sheet

column
Rectangular column design by PROKON. Design code : BS8110 - 1997
(RecCol Ver W2.0.02 - 12 Dec 2003)

C11

Input tables
General design parameters and loads:
Load case Description 1 10 2 11 3 12 h b (mm) (mm) 600 600 50 50 6.6 35 460 Ultimate Limit State Design Loads P (kN) Mx top (kNm) My top (kNm) Mx bot (kNm) My bot (kNm) 2003.313 6377.942 1343.273 401.175 -326.961 -2143.456 1678.443 48.99 36.75 322.726 -464.612 -2057.199 1626.93 51.263 80.831

d'x (mm) d'y (mm) Lo (m) fcu (MPa) fy (MPa)

General design parameters:


Given: h = 600 mm b = 600 mm d'x = 50 mm d'y = 50 mm Lo = 6.600 m fcu = 35 MPa fy = 460 MPa Therefore: Ac = b d = 360000.00 mm h' = h - d'x = 550 mm b' = h - d'y = 550 mm

750

500

X
250

Y
250 500 750

Assumptions: (1) The general conditions of clause 3.8.1 are applicable. (2) The section is symmetrically reinforced. (3) The specified design axial loads include the self-weight of the column. (4) The design axial loads are taken constant over the height of the column.

Design approach:
The column is designed using an iterative procedure: (1) The column design charts are constructed. (2) An area steel is chosen. (3) The corresponding slenderness moments are calculated. (4) The design axis and design ultimate moment is determined . (5) The steel required for the design axial force and moment is read from the relevant design chart. (6) The procedure is repeated until the convergence of the area steel about the design axis. (7) The area steel perpendicular to the design axis is read from the relevant design chart. (8) The procedure is repeated for each load case. (9) The critical load case is identified as the case yielding the largest steel area about the design axis.

Job Number Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.prokon.com E-Mail : mail@prokon.com Client Calcs by Checked by Date

Sheet

Through inspection: Load case 3 (12) is critical.

Check column slenderness:


End fixity and bracing for bending about the X-X axis: At the top end: Condition 2 (partially fixed). At the bottom end: Condition 2 (partially fixed). The column is unbraced. x = 1.50 End fixity and bracing for bending about the Y-Y axis: At the top end: Condition 2 (partially fixed). At the bottom end: Condition 2 (partially fixed). The column is unbraced. y = 1.50 Effective column height: lex = x Lo = 9.900 m ley = y Lo = 9.900 m Check if the column is slender: lex/h = 16.5 > 10 ley/b = 16.5 > 10 The column is slender. Check slenderness limit: Lo = 6.600 m < 60 b' = 36.000 m Slenderness limit not exceeded.
3.8.1.3

Table 3.22

Table 3.22

3.8.1.7

Initial moments:
The column is bent in double curvature about the X-X axis: M1 = Smaller initial end moment = 2057.2 kNm M2 = Larger initial end moment = 2143.5 kNm The initial moment near mid-height of the column : Mi = -0.4M1 + 0.6M2 0.4M2 = 857.4 kNm The column is bent in double curvature about the Y-Y axis: M1 = Smaller initial end moment = 36.8 kNm M2 = Larger initial end moment = 80.8 kNm The initial moment near mid-height of the column : Mi = -0.4M1 + 0.6M2 0.4M2 = 33.8 kNm
3.8.3.7 3.8.3.7

Deflection induced moments:


Design ultimate capacity of section under axial load only: Nuz = 0.45 fcu Ac + 0.95 fy Asc = 13784.3 kN Maximum allowable stress and strain: Allowable compression stress in steel, fsc = 0.95 fy = 437.0 MPa Allowable tensile stress in steel, fst = 0.95 fy = 437.0 MPa Allowable tensile strain in steel, ey = fst/Es = 0.0022 m/m Allowable compressive strain in concrete, ec = 0.0035 m/m For bending about the X-X axis: Balanced neutral axis depth, xb = ec/(ec+es) h' =338.6 mm Nbal = 0.44 b fcu xbal + At/2 (fsd-fs) = 2844.3 kN K = (Nuz - N) / (Nuz - Nbal) = 1.000 1.0 a = (1/2000) (lex/h) = 0.136 Madd = N a K h = 109.7 kNm

3.8.3.1

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Sheet

For bending about the Y-Y axis: Balanced neutral axis depth, xb = ec/(ec+es) b' =338.6 mm Nbal = 0.44 h fcu xbal + At/2 (fsd-fs) = 2844.3 kN K = (Nuz - N) / (Nuz - Nbal) = 1.000 1.0 a = (1/2000) (ley/b) = 0.136 Madd = N a K b = 109.7 kNm

Design ultimate load and moment:


Design axial load: Pu = 1343.3 kN For bending about the X-X axis, the maximum design moment is the greatest of: (a) M2 + Madd = 2253.2 kNm (b) emin N = 26.9 kNm Mx = 2253.2 kNm Moment distribution along the height of the column for bending about the X-X: At the top, Mx = 2253.2 kNm Near mid-height, Mx = 857.4 kNm At the bottom, Mx = 2166.9 kNm
Moments about X-X axis( kNm) Mxtop=-2143.5 kNm Mxadd=109.7 kNm
3.8.3.7

Mx=2253.2 kNm Mxmin=26.9 kNm

Mxbot=-2057.2 kNm Initial

Mxadd=109.7 kNm Additional Design


3.8.3.7

For bending about the Y-Y axis, the maximum design moment is the greatest of: (a) M2 + Madd = 190.5 kNm (b) emin N = 26.9 kNm My = 146.5 kNm Moment distribution along the height of the column for bending about the Y-Y: At the top, My = 146.5 kNm Near mid-height, My = 33.8 kNm At the bottom, My = 190.5 kNm
Moments about Y-Y axis( kNm) Mytop=36.8 kNm Myadd=109.7 kNm

My=190.5 kNm Mymin=26.9 kNm

Mybot=80.8 kNm Initial

Myadd=109.7 kNm Additional Design

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Sheet

Check for miminum eccentricity: For bi-axial bending, it is only necessary to ensure that the eccentricity excceeds the minimum about one axis at a time. For the worst effect, apply the minimum eccentricity about the minor axis: Use emin = 20mm Mmin = 26.9 kNm about the Y-Y axis.

3.8.2.4

Design of column section for ULS:


Through inspection: The critical section lies at the top end of the column. The column is bi-axially bent and may be designed to withstand an increased moment about a single axis: Mx/h = 4096.7 > My/b = 266.3 The effective uniaxial design moment about the X-X axis: = 1 - 7/6 N/(b h fcu) = 0.876 M'x = Mx + h/b My = 2381.4 kNm For bending about the design axis:

3.8.4.5

Table 3.24

Column design chart (X-X) 14E3 12E3 10E3 8000


Axial load (kN) Moment max = 2780kNm @ 2770kN

6000 4000
200

0%
400 600

1%
1000 800

2%
1200

3%
1400 1600

4%
1800 2000

5%
2200 2400

6%
2600 2800 3000

2000

-2000 -4000 -6000 -8000 Bending moment (kNm)

Reinforcement required about the X-X axis: From the design chart, Asc = 19018 mm = 5.28%

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Sheet

For bending perpendicular to the design axis: The effective uniaxial design moment about the Y-Y axis: M'y = My + h/b Mx = 146.5 kNm

Column design chart (Y-Y) 14E3 12E3 10E3 8000


Axial load (kN) Moment max = 2780kNm @ 2770kN

6000 4000
200

0%
400 600

1%
1000 800

2%
1200

3%
1400 1600

4%
1800 2000

5%
2200 2400

6%
2600 2800 3000

2000

-2000 -4000 -6000 -8000 Bending moment (kNm)

Reinforcement required about the Y-Y axis: From the design chart, Asc = 1440 mm = 0.40%

Summary of design calculations:


Design results for all load cases:
Load case 1 2 3 Axis X-X Y-Y X-X Y-Y X-X Y-Y N (kN) 2003.3 6377.9 1343.3 M1 (kNm) M2 (kNm) Mi (kNm) Madd (kNm) Design 322.7 1626.9 327.0 49.0 2057.2 36.8 401.2 1678.4 464.6 51.3 2143.5 80.8 160.5 671.4 185.8 20.5 857.4 33.8 163.6 163.6 261.0 261.0 109.7 109.7 Y-Y Top X-X Bottom X-X Top M (kNm) M' (kNm) 564.8 1842.1 725.6 312.2 2253.2 146.5 Asc (mm)

1637 (0.5%) 2302.1 17556 (4.9%) 853.4 2381.4 9737 (2.7%) 4562 (1.3%) 19018 (5.3%) 1440 (0.4%)

Load case 3 (12) is critical.

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