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ERIC EVANGELISTA HUM 19 Prof Yuzon 9-10-2012 Religion Confucianism Place of Shantung Provine in modern day CHINA origin

during the period of the Tang Dynasty 55 CE Date founded founder Kong Fuzi or Confucius beliefs Humanism-Selfcultivation. A healthy body, mind-and-heart alert, pure soul and brilliant spirit, are seen as good for their own sake. This selftransformation draws resources from cultural tradition, a sympathetic society, the energy of nature and power of heaven. Confucius sought dignity for all humankind, a sense of respect for oneself and understanding of the humanity found in all. Islam Mecca, Saudi Arabia Judaism Mesopotamia Sikhism Talwandin District of Lahore in Punjab India 1500 CE Guru Nanak Dev Ji There is only one God God is without form, or gender Everyone has direct access to God Everyone is equal before God A good life is lived as part of a community, by living honestly and caring for others Empty Buddhism Northeastern India Hinduism INDIA

622 CE

2500 BCE

520 BCE Siddharta Gautama Purpose is to avoid suffering and gain enlightenment and release from cycles of rebirth or at least attain a better rebirth by gaining merit. Reincarnation until gain enlightenment.

1200 BCE none Humans are in bondage to ignorance and illusion, but are able to escape. Purpose is to gain release from rebirth or at least a better rebirth.

Muhammad b.570 Abraham CE Submit to the Will of ALAH and attain paradise in the after life. 1. Confession of faith (shahada) 2. Daily prayer (salat) 3. Alms tax (zakat) 4. Pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj) 5. Fasting during Ramadan (sawm) The central religious belief of Judaism is that there is only one God. Monotheism was uncommon at the time Judaism was born, but according to Jewish tradition, God himself revealed it to Abraham, the ancestor of the Jewish people. Beginning with Abraham, God has always taken special care of the Hebrews (who would later become the Jews).

After rescuing them religious rituals from slavery in and Egypt, God revealed superstitions the Ten have no value Commandments to Moses, and many more religious and ethical guidelines in the Torah ("the Law"). Many of the guidelines (mitzvah) emphasized ritual purity and the importance of remaining set apart from the surrounding polytheistic culture. practice Themes: Altruism, Humanism, Etiquette, Loyalty, Filial Piety, Relationship Follow the Quran, Obedience to God Hadith, and the obey the law and five pillars of atone for sins. Islam The three duties Meditations, mantras, that a Sikh must devotion, to deities, carry out can be mandalas. summed up in three words; Pray, Work, Give. Adi GranthTripitaka, Mahayana contains hymns sutras like the Lotus of worship of Sutras. God Yoga, meditation, worship, devotion to a god or goddess, pilgrimage to holy cities and live according to one's dharma or purpose and role. The Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Ramayana


Shu-ching (shoo-jing-- Quran "Book of History/Documents") This text compiles historical documents of the ninth to sixth centuries, B.C. It

Book of Tanakh which contains the Torah God exists God is one and unique God is incorporeal

describes the political vision of Confucian thought, outlining an ethical foundation for humane government. Shih-ching (shuhrjing--"Book of Poetry/Songs") Common human feelings, expressed in some 300 poems and religious hymns from the early Chou Dynasty (1027-402 B.C.), comprise the Shih-ching. Li chi (lee-jee--"Book of Rites") Consciousness of duty pervades the ceremonial rituals collected in Li chi. A cooperative society, organized by four principle occupations-scholar, farmer, artisan, merchant--is the ideal. Ch un-ch iu (chuhn chyoh--"Spring and

God is eternal Prayer is to God only. The prophets spoke truth. Moses was the greatest of the prophets. The Written and Oral Torah were given to Moses. There will be no other Torah. God knows the thoughts and deeds of men. God will reward the good and punish the wicked. The Messiah will come. The dead will be resurrecte

Autumn Annals") This text emphasizes history and the significance of the collective memory in individual and societal identification Holy Places none Mecca The wall in Jerusalem The Golden Temple, Amritsar, Punjab Lumbini, Nepal Char Dam, four corners of pilgrimage: Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri Brahmans or One Supremen reality manifested in many gods and goddesses

Confucius Holy Leaders

1. Ali Rabbi 2. Al-Hasan 3. al-Husain 4. Ali Zayn alAbidin 5. Muhammad alBaqir 6. Ja'far al-Sadiq 7. Musa al-Kazim 8. Ali al-Rida 9. Muhammad alTaqi 10. Ali al-Naqi 11. al-Hasan alAskari 12. Muhammad al-Mahdi 14 million

Sri Guru Granth Dalai Lama Sahib or the Adi Granth

Total people in

None/ considered 1.3 billion more philosophy but 5 6 million

23 million people

360 million

900 million people


References: Confucianism. (n.d.). Retrieved September 2013, from http://www2.kenyon.edu/Depts/Religion/Fac/Adler/Reln270/BerlingConfucianism.htm Fast Facts on Islam - ReligionFacts. (n.d.). Retrieved September 2013, from http://www.religionfacts.com/islam/fastfacts.htm Matthews, A. W. (2010). World religions. Belmont, Calif: Wadsworth.