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Apuntes de Proxecto interdisciplinar

1 o ESO

Instituto San Rosendo Mondoñedo

Curso 2013/2014

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Contents

I First Term

5

1 Introduction

9

2 Society

11

3 Citizen

13

4 Organization

15

5 Rule

17

6 Law

19

7 Violence

21

8 Right

23

9 Opression

25

10 Freedom

27

II Proxecto interdisciplinar

2 a Avaliación

11 Power

3

29

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CONTENTS

12 Politics

35

13 State

37

14 Democracy

39

15 Dictature

41

16 Rule of Law

43

17 Separation of Powers

45

18 Executive Power

47

19 Legislative Power

49

20 Political Party

51

21 Public Opinion

53

III Proxecto interdisciplinar

3 a Avaliación

55

22 Ideology

59

23 Social Democracy

61

24 Christian Democracy

63

25 Liberalism

65

26 Judiciary Power

67

27 Consejo General del Poder Judicial

69

28 Constitution

71

29 Constitutional Court

73

30 Free Market Economy

75

31 Electoral System

77

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CONTENTS

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32 Autonomías

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CONTENTS

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Part I First Term

7

Part Contents

1 Introduction

9

2 Society

11

3 Citizen

13

4 Organization

15

5 Rule

17

6 Law

19

7 Violence

21

8 Right

23

9 Opression

25

10 Freedom

27

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PART CONTENTS

10

Lesson 1

Introduction

In this course we are going to learn some concepts that we need in order to discuss issues of civic education. This subject is good for

1. Practising English

2. Learning concepts that are useful for Ethics and Civic Education.

1.1 Explanation

¿Qué es la educación cívica? ¿Por qué es importante la educación cívica?

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Introduction

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Lesson 2

Society

2.1 Reading

A large house, A large shirt. A group of friends. A beautiful group of girls. A

boy that lives here. A man that lives there. Some dogs that live here. Some cats that live there. The dog in this territory. The cat is in this terri- tory. A big man is a member of the society. A calm friend is not a member of a large group. A long territory is in Spain. Some young girls are in the society. Is a member hard-working? I am not a member of the society. You are not a member of a large group.

2.2 Definition

A large group of people that live in a territory.

2.3 Phonetics

A larch group of piipol dat lif in a territori.

2.4 Translation

Un gran grupo de gente que vive en un territorio.

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Society

2.5 Explanation

Es un concepto variable. Las personas que viven en un territorio pueden tener costumbres, idiomas o religiones diferentes, pero se relacionan unos con otros.

2.6 Exercises

A group of animals, is a society? Why?diferentes, pero se relacionan unos con otros. 2.6 Exercises ¿Puedo formar parte de la misma sociedad

¿Puedo formar parte de la misma sociedad que una persona que no conoz- co? ¿Por qué?otros. 2.6 Exercises A group of animals, is a society? Why? ¿Puedo formar parte de la

¿Puedo formar parte de la misma sociedad que una persona que vive en un sitio al que yo no he ido nunca? ¿Por qué?misma sociedad que una persona que no conoz- co? ¿Por qué? ¿Qué significa that live in

¿Qué significa that live in Madrid ? that live in Madrid?

¿Qué significa a group of friends ? a group of friends?

Write in English: Ella es simpática.live in Madrid ? ¿Qué significa a group of friends ? Write in English: Tú eres

Write in English: Tú eres un estudiante.a group of friends ? Write in English: Ella es simpática. Write in English: Un estudiante

Write in English: Un estudiante está en Mondoñedo.¿Qué significa a group of friends ? Write in English: Ella es simpática. Write in English:

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Lesson 3

Citizen

3.1 Reading

A member of a club. A member of a team. A member of a class. A great society.

A good society. A peaceful state.

3.2 Definition

A member of a society. A member of a state.

3.3 Phonetics

A member of a sosáieti. A member of a steit.

3.4 Translation

Un miembro de una sociedad. Un miembro de un estado.

3.5 Explanation

A person. Permanently or temporary.

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Citizen

3.6 Exercises

¿Todas las sociedades tienen miembros? ¿Por qué?1 o ESO Citizen 3.6 Exercises ¿Puede un animal ser miembro de una sociedad? ¿Por qué?

¿Puede un animal ser miembro de una sociedad? ¿Por qué?¿Todas las sociedades tienen miembros? ¿Por qué? ¿Puede haber dos sociedades en un mismo territorio? ¿Por

¿Puede haber dos sociedades en un mismo territorio? ¿Por qué?¿Puede un animal ser miembro de una sociedad? ¿Por qué? Existen conjuntos y subconjuntos. ¿Qué serían

Existen conjuntos y subconjuntos. ¿Qué serían entonces las subsociedades ? subsociedades?

¿Tiene sentido hablar de la sociedad humana como un conjunto? ¿Por qué?y subconjuntos. ¿Qué serían entonces las subsociedades ? Write in English: • Un amigo es miembro

Write in English:hablar de la sociedad humana como un conjunto? ¿Por qué? • Un amigo es miembro de

Un amigo es miembro de la sociedad española.

¿Eres amigo de un simpático grupo?

La chica lista que vive en la sociedad española.

Translate from English:• La chica lista que vive en la sociedad española. • My friend’s dog is not

My friend’s dog is not a citizen.

A citizen is a member of a large group that live in a territory.

A small territory in Spain that is in my town.

Explica cómo es tu sociedad.A citizen is a member of a large group that live in a territory. • A

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Lesson 4

Organization

4.1 Reading

4.2 Definition

A group of persons that share ends and rules.

4.3 Phonetics

A group of persons dat xer ends and ruls.

4.4 Translation

Un grupo de personas que comparten fines y reglas.

4.5 Explanation

También objetos materiales. Contraejemplos: esperando el bus, si no comparten fines es una sociedad. Una organización puede (suele) tener suborganizaciones. Las organizaciones tienen que ser «organizadas». Reglas: no escritas, convencio- nales, varían, predecir comportamiento. Definir reglas y fines.

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Organization

4.6 Exercises

Who are the citizens?1 o ESO Organization 4.6 Exercises What are the ends of a football team? What are

What are the ends of a football team? What are the rules of a football team?o ESO Organization 4.6 Exercises Who are the citizens? Why society is not an organization? Write

Why society is not an organization?of a football team? What are the rules of a football team? Write in English: La

Write in English: La sociedad francesa comparte territorio con gente que vive en un grupo.of a football team? Why society is not an organization? Write in English: ¿Qué organización es

Write in English: ¿Qué organización es popular en tu sociedad?francesa comparte territorio con gente que vive en un grupo. Write in English: Un ciudadano inteligente

Write in English: Un ciudadano inteligente es un miembro amistoso de una sociedad tranquila.in English: ¿Qué organización es popular en tu sociedad? The people that go to a supermarket,

The people that go to a supermarket, is an organization? why?es un miembro amistoso de una sociedad tranquila. Answer in English: ¿Qué les ocurriría a un

Answer in English: ¿Qué les ocurriría a un grupo de obreros si no tuvieran normas? ¿Por qué?es un miembro amistoso de una sociedad tranquila. The people that go to a supermarket, is

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Lesson 5

Rule

5.1 Reading

5.2 Definition

An indication about how to do things in an organization.

5.3 Phonetics

An indikéixon abaut jau tu du zings in an organiséixon.

5.4 Translation

Una indicación acerca de cómo hacer cosas en una organización.

5.5 Explanation

Naturales. Espontáneas. Una manera fija de hacer las cosas. Convencionales, va- rían, no escritas, predecir, (todo esto en inglés), trabajo en común. Esquema: so- ciedad, ciudadano, organización, regla. Ejemplos: definición (grupo-diferencia), comparación (talla).

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Rule

5.6 Exercises

Write three examples of school rules. Why are rules?1 o ESO Rule 5.6 Exercises What we need rules for? Why? Relaciona objetivo común con

What we need rules for? Why?Write three examples of school rules. Why are rules? Relaciona objetivo común con trabajo en grupo

Relaciona objetivo común con trabajo en grupo . objetivo común con trabajo en grupo.

a society there are many organizations. Why?Why? Relaciona objetivo común con trabajo en grupo . person is part of many organizations? Why?

person is part of many organizations? Why?en grupo . a society there are many organizations. Why? Are you a member of any

Are you a member of any organization?Why? person is part of many organizations? Why? the society an organization? Why? a very large

the society an organization? Why?organizations? Why? Are you a member of any organization? a very large territory are many societies

a very large territory are many societies or only one? Why?is part of many organizations? Why? Are you a member of any organization? the society an

In

A

Is

In

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Lesson 6

Law

6.1 Reading

A rule. A hard rule. An easy rule. I am backed by my family. You are backed by

your father. The teacher backed my work. Hard violence. Bad violence. Daily violence. War violence. State violence.

6.2 Definition

A rule backed by state 1 violence.

6.3 Phonetics

A rul bakt bai steit vaiolens.

6.4 Translation

Una regla respaldada por la violencia del estado.

6.5 Explanation

Non natural. Typified. Issued.

1 A state is the social organization that imposes laws in a territory. We will see this concept in Lesson 13.

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Law

6.6 Exercises

What is the state?1 o ESO Law 6.6 Exercises Why not every rule is a law? Why laws and

Why not every rule is a law?1 o ESO Law 6.6 Exercises What is the state? Why laws and normal rules are

Why laws and normal rules are different?Exercises What is the state? Why not every rule is a law? Why laws and normal

Why laws and normal rules are somewhat the same?rule is a law? Why laws and normal rules are different? Why laws are not natural?

Why laws are not natural?different? Why laws and normal rules are somewhat the same? Why laws must be typified? What

Why laws must be typified?rules are somewhat the same? Why laws are not natural? What does it mean that laws

What does it mean that laws are issued?somewhat the same? Why laws are not natural? Why laws must be typified? What does it

What does it mean that laws must be issued?are somewhat the same? Why laws are not natural? Why laws must be typified? What does

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Lesson 7

Violence

7.1 Reading

A good action. A beautiful action. I do good actions. Action that hurts. Action that is good. This make us happy. You like us. He teaches us. You are physically trimmed. She is physically well.

7.2 Definition

Action that harms us physically.

7.3 Phonetics

Ákxon dat jarms as físicali.

7.4 Translation

Acción que nos daña físicamente.

7.5 Explanation

Sticks and stones can break my bones, but words are harmless. Only the state can exert violence in some cases. Violence can be a physical punishment, a fine or a loss of freedom. In those last cases because are restrictions of freedom.

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Violence

7.6 Exercises

Why violence is bad?1 o ESO Violence 7.6 Exercises Why violence is sometimes a need? Who has a right

Why violence is sometimes a need?1 o ESO Violence 7.6 Exercises Why violence is bad? Who has a right to be

Who has a right to be violent sometimes? What for?Why violence is bad? Why violence is sometimes a need? What violence is for? May a

What violence is for?a need? Who has a right to be violent sometimes? What for? May a citizen be

May a citizen be violent? Why?to be violent sometimes? What for? What violence is for? Why a fine is a kind

Why a fine is a kind of violence?for? What violence is for? May a citizen be violent? Why? Why physical punishments are violent?

Why physical punishments are violent?citizen be violent? Why? Why a fine is a kind of violence? What is the commonest

What is the commonest loss of freedom that you know about? Why is it bad?is for? May a citizen be violent? Why? Why a fine is a kind of violence?

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Lesson 8

Right

8.1 Reading

This is something. Something that I like. Something that is here. I deserve a gift. You deserve praise. Just for coming. Just for living here. Just for being friends. A gift that we deserve. A praise that she deserves. For being brothers.

8.2 Definition

Something that we deserve just for being humans.

8.3 Phonetics

Sómzing dat ui desérv yast for biing jiúmans.

8.4 Translation

Algo que merecemos sólo por ser humanos.

8.5 Explanation

Fitting characteristics of a human live. Main rights: life, freedom, safety, pro- perty, work, housing, health, leisure, rest, freedom of expression, freedom of meeting, freedom of association.

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Right

8.6 Exercises

What do you deserve?1 o ESO Right 8.6 Exercises Make a list of five rights that you believe you

Make a list of five rights that you believe you have.1 o ESO Right 8.6 Exercises What do you deserve? What is the relation between laws

What is the relation between laws and rights in a democracy?Make a list of five rights that you believe you have. Why violence is usually against

Why violence is usually against our rights?What is the relation between laws and rights in a democracy? What organizations can protect our

What organizations can protect our rights?in a democracy? Why violence is usually against our rights? Write three examples of violations of

Write three examples of violations of our rights.our rights? What organizations can protect our rights? How can we define alternatively our rights? Do

How can we define alternatively our rights?can protect our rights? Write three examples of violations of our rights. Do animals have some

Do animals have some rights? Why?can protect our rights? Write three examples of violations of our rights. How can we define

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Lesson 9

Opression

9.1 Reading

Violence is bad. Violence is ugly. You are against him. He is against you. Our rights are these. You have no right here. This is against our rights.

9.2 Definition

Violence against our rights.

9.3 Phonetics

Vaiolens eguenst aur raits.

9.4 Translation

Violencia contra nuestros derechos.

9.5 Explanation

Absence of freedom. Absence of justice.

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Opression

9.6 Exercises

Why opression is bad?1 o ESO Opression 9.6 Exercises What is the relation between violence and opression? Why opression

What is the relation between violence and opression?1 o ESO Opression 9.6 Exercises Why opression is bad? Why opression is against our rights?

Why opression is against our rights?is bad? What is the relation between violence and opression? Why law is not opression? Write

Why law is not opression?violence and opression? Why opression is against our rights? Write an example of opression. How can

Write an example of opression.opression is against our rights? Why law is not opression? How can define alternatively opression? What

How can define alternatively opression?Why law is not opression? Write an example of opression. What is the relation between opression

What is the relation between opression and freedom? Why?example of opression. How can define alternatively opression? What is the relation between opression and justice?

What is the relation between opression and justice? Why?example of opression. How can define alternatively opression? What is the relation between opression and freedom?

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Lesson 10

Freedom

10.1 Reading

The teacher’s absence. You are absent. In absence of the principal. Opression is bad. This opresses you. They opresses us.

10.2 Definition

A large group of people that live in a territory.

10.3 Phonetics

A larch group of piipol dat liv in a territori.

10.4 Translation

Un gran grupo de gente que vive en un territorio.

10.5 Explanation

Freedom is not doing what one wants. Freedom is not being able of doing what one wants. Freedom is the ability of doing what is lawful.

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Freedom

10.6 Exercises

Why freedom is good?1 o ESO Freedom 10.6 Exercises What is the relation between freedom and rights? Why? How

What is the relation between freedom and rights? Why?1 o ESO Freedom 10.6 Exercises Why freedom is good? How do you feel when you

How do you feel when you are free? Why?good? What is the relation between freedom and rights? Why? Why laws are good for our

Why laws are good for our freedom?and rights? Why? How do you feel when you are free? Why? Write an example of

Write an example of freedom.when you are free? Why? Why laws are good for our freedom? What is the relation

What is the relation between freedom and violence? Why?laws are good for our freedom? Write an example of freedom. What is the relation between

What is the relation between freedom and justice? Why?of freedom. What is the relation between freedom and violence? Why? Explain how freedom is related

Explain how freedom is related with your life.freedom. What is the relation between freedom and violence? Why? What is the relation between freedom

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Part II

Proxecto interdisciplinar 2 a Avaliación

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Part Contents

11 Power

33

12 Politics

35

13 State

37

14 Democracy

39

15 Dictature

41

16 Rule of Law

43

17 Separation of Powers

45

18 Executive Power

47

19 Legislative Power

49

20 Political Party

51

21 Public Opinion

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PART CONTENTS

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Lesson 11

Power

11.1 Reading

The control of a car. The control of a bike. I control my acts. You control your dog.

11.2 Definition

The control of a state. 1

11.3 Phonetics

De control of a steit.

11.4 Translation

El control de un estado.

11.5 Explanation

This definition is only from a political point of view. Politics. Police. Policy. Polity. Politician. Polite. In Greek the word ’polis’ means ’town’ or ’state’.

1 A state is the social organization that imposes laws in a territory. We will see this concept in Lesson 13.

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Power

11.6 Exercises

Who is a member of a society?1 o ESO Power 11.6 Exercises Who is a member of a state? Why we need

Who is a member of a state?ESO Power 11.6 Exercises Who is a member of a society? Why we need laws? Why

Why we need laws?Who is a member of a society? Who is a member of a state? Why laws

Why laws are important?of a society? Who is a member of a state? Why we need laws? Why rules

Why rules are necessary?member of a state? Why we need laws? Why laws are important? How many organizations are

How many organizations are in a society?need laws? Why laws are important? Why rules are necessary? What relation has violence with laws?

What relation has violence with laws?are important? Why rules are necessary? How many organizations are in a society? Why sometimes violence

Why sometimes violence is necessary?are important? Why rules are necessary? How many organizations are in a society? What relation has

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Lesson 12

Politics

12.1 Reading

The actions directed to win. The arrow directed at you. The games directed by me. To rule a team. To rule a town. To rule a state.

12.2 Definition

The actions directed to rule a state.

12.3 Phonetics

De ákxions directid to rul a steit.

12.4 Translation

Las acciones dirigidas a regir un estado.

12.5 Explanation

Having an ideology. Talking. Reaching to an agreement. Convince other people. Getting office. Society has organizations. Organizations have rules. Organizations enforce their rules. The important rules are for everybody. The important rules are called ’laws’. The state enforces laws. The state is an organization. The members of the state are the politicians and the civil servants.

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Politics

12.6 Exercises

1 o ESO Politics 12.6 Exercises 38

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Lesson 13

State

13.1 Reading

This social group. The social ideas. A social organization. This good organiza- tion.

13.2 Definition

The social organization that imposes laws in a territory.

13.3 Phonetics

De sóxial organiséixon dat impouses loos in a territori.

13.4 Translation

La organización social que impone leyes en un territorio.

13.5 Explanation

The state is not the society. The state does not organize the whole society. So- ciety is not fully organized.

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State

13.6 Exercises

What is a state?1 o ESO State 13.6 Exercises Why the state is an organization? Is society organized? Why?

Why the state is an organization?1 o ESO State 13.6 Exercises What is a state? Is society organized? Why? What is

Is society organized? Why?Exercises What is a state? Why the state is an organization? What is an organization? What

What is an organization?Why the state is an organization? Is society organized? Why? What relation has the state with

What relation has the state with politics?Is society organized? Why? What is an organization? What relation has the state with the laws?

What relation has the state with the laws?an organization? What relation has the state with politics? Does the state have rules? Why? Who

Does the state have rules? Why?What relation has the state with politics? What relation has the state with the laws? Who

Who are the members of a state?What relation has the state with politics? What relation has the state with the laws? Does

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Lesson 14

Democracy

14.1 Reading

A house where I live. A place where I live. A big state. A little state. People

choose the book. People choose the pencils. The laws are good. The father pro- tect the children. The mother protect the girl. The teachers give our lessons. Our rights are good. Our rights are ours.

14.2 Definition

A state where people choose the rulers and the laws protect our rights.

14.3 Phonetics

A steit uer piipol chuus de ralers and de loos protect aur raits.

14.4 Translation

Un estado donde la gente escoge los gobernantes y las leyes protegen nuestros derechos.

14.5 Explanation

Democracy is something good. Etimology: demo - demos. cracy - kratein.

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Democracy

14.6 Exercises

What is a democracy?1 o ESO Democracy 14.6 Exercises Who are the rulers? Who is the people? What are

Who are the rulers?1 o ESO Democracy 14.6 Exercises What is a democracy? Who is the people? What are

Who is the people?14.6 Exercises What is a democracy? Who are the rulers? What are the laws? Why we

What are the laws?What is a democracy? Who are the rulers? Who is the people? Why we need laws?

Why we need laws?Who are the rulers? Who is the people? What are the laws? What are our rights?

What are our rights?rulers? Who is the people? What are the laws? Why we need laws? What do the

What do the laws?rulers? Who is the people? What are the laws? Why we need laws? What are our

Why our rights deserve protection?Who are the rulers? Who is the people? What are the laws? Why we need laws?

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Lesson 15

Dictature

15.1 Reading

A bad person. A bad state.

15.2 Definition

An opressive state.

15.3 Phonetics

An opresiv steit.

15.4 Translation

Un estado opresivo.

15.5 Explanation

15.6 Exercises

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Dictature

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Lesson 16

Rule of Law

16.1 Reading

A place. A place where I live. A place where my friends play. The child obeys

the mother. The girl obeys the parents. The government obey. My friend obeys the laws. A house where the child obeys the parents.

16.2 Definition

A state where the government obeys the laws.

16.3 Phonetics

A steit uer de government obeis de loos.

16.4 Translation

Un estado donde el gobierno obedece las leyes.

16.5 Explanation

Es un concepto variable.

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Rule of Law

16.6 Exercises

Why government must obey the laws?1 o ESO Rule of Law 16.6 Exercises What are the laws? Why freedom is good?

What are the laws?of Law 16.6 Exercises Why government must obey the laws? Why freedom is good? Why democracy

Why freedom is good?Why government must obey the laws? What are the laws? Why democracy is good? Why laws

Why democracy is good?must obey the laws? What are the laws? Why freedom is good? Why laws are a

Why laws are a kind of rules?are the laws? Why freedom is good? Why democracy is good? What relation has government with

What relation has government with laws?laws? Why freedom is good? Why democracy is good? Why laws are a kind of rules?

Why we need laws?Why democracy is good? Why laws are a kind of rules? What relation has government with

Why opression is bad?is good? Why democracy is good? Why laws are a kind of rules? What relation has

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Lesson 17

Separation of Powers

17.1 Reading

The independence of my friend. Each one of my friends has a book. Each one of you. The main ideas. The main reasons. The main organizations. The roads of the state. The organizations of the state. The independence of each one.

17.2 Definition

The independence of each one of the main organizations of the state.

17.3 Phonetics

De indépendens of iich uan of de mein organiséixon of de steit.

17.4 Translation

La independencia de cada una de las principales organizaciones del estado.

17.5 Explanation

Hay suborganizaciones.

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Separation of Powers

17.6 Exercises

What is the separation of powers?1 o ESO Separation of Powers 17.6 Exercises What is an organization? What is the state?

What is an organization?of Powers 17.6 Exercises What is the separation of powers? What is the state? What is

What is the state?What is the separation of powers? What is an organization? What is being independent? What is

What is being independent?of powers? What is an organization? What is the state? What is power? What is freedom?

What is power?organization? What is the state? What is being independent? What is freedom? What is oppression? What

What is freedom?an organization? What is the state? What is being independent? What is power? What is oppression?

What is oppression?is an organization? What is the state? What is being independent? What is power? What is

What is a dictature?is an organization? What is the state? What is being independent? What is power? What is

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Lesson 18

Executive Power

18.1 Reading

The state laws. The state road. The state buildings. The country landscape. The country organization. An organization that exists. A friend that comes. An old man that works here. My friend works here. A friend that plays football. An organization that applies the changes. A friend that solves the problems. The country has a state. In a society there is a state. A law is a rule. Society has rules. Society has laws. The state applies the laws. It is called ’table’. He is called ’Peter’. She is not called ’Mary’. It is called ’notebook’. It is usually red. It is friendly. It is common. It is commonly red. Roses are usually red.

18.2 Definition

The state organization that applies the laws. It is commonly called Government.

18.3 Phonetics

De steit organiséixon dat applais de loos. It is comonli colt govenment.

18.4 Translation

La organización del estado que aplica las leyes. Es comúnmente llamada Go- bierno.

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Executive Power

18.5 Explanation

18.6 Exercises

What is the executive power?1 o ESO Executive Power 18.5 Explanation 18.6 Exercises How the executive power is commonly called?

How the executive power is commonly called?18.5 Explanation 18.6 Exercises What is the executive power? What is the government? Why do we

What is the government?executive power? How the executive power is commonly called? Why do we need a government? What

Why do we need a government?executive power is commonly called? What is the government? What does government do? What is an

What does government do?called? What is the government? Why do we need a government? What is an organization? What

What is an organization?Why do we need a government? What does government do? What is government’s end? How are

What is government’s end?Why do we need a government? What does government do? What is an organization? How are

How are called government’s rules?government? Why do we need a government? What does government do? What is an organization? What

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Lesson 19

Legislative Power

19.1 Reading

The big organization. The great organization. The student’s organization. My organization. Your organization. A bigger organization. A large organization. The man that makes bread. The factory that makes cars. The people that make toys. A small organization. A good state. It is commonly red. It is called ’Sun’. It is called ’chair’. It is commonly friendly. He is commonly here. A Parliament is for speaking. A speaker is speaking.

19.2 Definition

The state organization that makes the laws. It is commonly called Parliament.

19.3 Phonetics

De steit organiséixon dat meiks de loos. It is comonli cold paaliament.

19.4 Translation

La organización del estado que hace las leyes. Es comúnmente llamada Parla- mento.

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Legislative Power

19.5 Explanation

19.6 Exercises

What is the legislative power?o ESO Legislative Power 19.5 Explanation 19.6 Exercises What is power? Why do we need a

What is power?Explanation 19.6 Exercises What is the legislative power? Why do we need a legislative power? Why

Why do we need a legislative power?19.6 Exercises What is the legislative power? What is power? Why do we need an executive

Why do we need an executive power?power? What is power? Why do we need a legislative power? What is a government? What

What is a government?need a legislative power? Why do we need an executive power? What is a state? Why

What is a state?legislative power? Why do we need an executive power? What is a government? Why do we

Why do we need a state?need a legislative power? Why do we need an executive power? What is a government? What

What is a society?a legislative power? Why do we need an executive power? What is a government? What is

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Lesson 20

Political Party

20.1 Reading

An old organization. A small organization. A hard-working organization. A man that tries to win. A friend that tries to pass. A man that wins at chess. A clever boy that wins at chess. According to my opinion. According to my feelings. In accordance with your words. According to this book. My ideology. A car’s wheels. Its wheels. A house roof. Its roof. A boy’s friend. His friend. A political idea. A political organization. My party.

20.2 Definition

An organization that tries to rule the state according to its ideology.

20.3 Phonetics

An organiséixon dat trais to rul de steit acording to its aidióloyi.

20.4 Translation

Una organización que intenta regir el estado de acuerdo con su ideología.

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Political Party

20.5 Explanation

20.6 Exercises

What is a political party?1 o ESO Political Party 20.5 Explanation 20.6 Exercises What is politics? What is a state?

What is politics?20.5 Explanation 20.6 Exercises What is a political party? What is a state? What is a

What is a state?20.6 Exercises What is a political party? What is politics? What is a society? What is

What is a society?is a political party? What is politics? What is a state? What is an organization? What

What is an organization?political party? What is politics? What is a state? What is a society? What is a

What is a law?party? What is politics? What is a state? What is a society? What is an organization?

What is a rule?party? What is politics? What is a state? What is a society? What is an organization?

What is to rule?party? What is politics? What is a state? What is a society? What is an organization?

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Lesson 21

Public Opinion

21.1 Reading

The opinions of my friends. Their opinions. My opinions. Your opinions. What are your opinions? What are the opinion of their friends? Their opinions. Most of my friends are boys. Most of your friends are girls. Most people says ’hello’. Most people like chocolate. Most men love cars. My opinions about football. Your opinions about cars. About this question. About that question. About animals. About war. About love. Food matters. Sport matters. This matter is important.

21.2 Definition

The opinions of most people about political matters.

21.3 Phonetics

De opinions of most piipol abaut polítical maters.

21.4 Translation

Las opiniones de la mayor parte de la gente sobre cuestiones políticas.

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Public Opinion

21.5 Explanation

21.6 Exercises

Do PRO21 on http://www.quizlet.com

56

Part III

Proxecto interdisciplinar 3 a Avaliación

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Part Contents

22 Ideology

59

23 Social Democracy

61

24 Christian Democracy

63

25 Liberalism

65

26 Judiciary Power

67

27 Consejo General del Poder Judicial

69

28 Constitution

71

29 Constitutional Court

73

30 Free Market Economy

75

31 Electoral System

77

32 Autonomías

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PART CONTENTS

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Lesson 22

Ideology

22.1 Reading

A set of pencils. A set of tennis balls. A set of kitchenware. A set of toys. Ideas

about sport. Ideas about food. A set of ideas. Many ideas. Few ideas. Two ideas. Clever ideas. Bright ideas. Right ideas.

22.2 Definition

A set of ideas about how to organize the state.

22.3 Phonetics

A set ov aidías abaut jau to organais de steit.

22.4 Translation

Un conjunto de ideas sobre cómo organizar el estado.

22.5 Explanation

En política siempre hay formas diferentes de hacer las cosas, según las ideas que se tengan. Las ideas políticas son un conjunto de valores, criterios, juicios y proyectos que se utilizan para dirigir las acciones del gobierno y para hacer leyes.

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Ideology

22.6 Exercises

Do PRO22 on http://www.quizlet.com

What is an ideology?Ideology 22.6 Exercises Do PRO22 on http://www.quizlet.com What is to rule? Why organizations need a rule?

What is to rule?Do PRO22 on http://www.quizlet.com What is an ideology? Why organizations need a rule? Why the society

Why organizations need a rule?http://www.quizlet.com What is an ideology? What is to rule? Why the society needs a rule? What

Why the society needs a rule?an ideology? What is to rule? Why organizations need a rule? What is a society? Write

What is a society?Why organizations need a rule? Why the society needs a rule? Write three examples of organization?

Write three examples of organization?a rule? Why the society needs a rule? What is a society? Write three examples of

Write three examples of right?needs a rule? What is a society? Write three examples of organization? What is the relation

What is the relation between freedom and law?Why the society needs a rule? What is a society? Write three examples of organization? Write

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Lesson 23

Social Democracy

23.1 Reading

A friend that goes. A man that comes. The book that I read. A friend that is a citizen. The ideology that puts freedom. The society that has an organization. An organization that has members. The main end of an organization. The main end of my friend.

23.2 Definition

An ideology that puts justice as the main end of the state.

23.3 Phonetics

An aidióloyi dat pats yastis as de mein end ov de steit.

23.4 Translation

Una ideología que sitúa la justicia como el principal fin del estado.

23.5 Explanation

Los social-demócratas son partidarios de recaudar impuestos y utilizarlos para compensar las diferencias económicas de las personas.

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Social Democracy

23.6 Exercises

Do PRO23 on http://www.quizlet.com

64

Lesson 24

Christian Democracy

24.1 Reading

A

friend in the house. A dog in the street. An animal in the wood. An ideology

of

my friend. An idea inspired in love. An inspired friend. A strange doctrine.

A

friend’s doctrine. The Christian doctrines. A doctrine is an idea. My friend’s

ideas are good. Those doctrines are good.

24.2 Definition

An ideology inspired in the Christian doctrines.

24.3 Phonetics

An aidióloyi inspaird in de crístian dóctrins.

24.4 Translation

Una ideología inspirada en las doctrinas cristianas.

24.5 Explanation

El cristianismo defiende la compasión hacia los pobres.

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Christian Democracy

24.6 Exercises

Do PRO24 on http://www.quizlet.com

66

Lesson 25

Liberalism

25.1 Reading

An ideology. A friend that wants an apple. An apple that is in the table. A table that is in the room. A friend that puts an apple. Liberalism is an ideology. Social Democracy is an ideology. Christian Democracy is an ideology. This is the main end. You are my best friend. You as my friend.

25.2 Definition

An ideology that puts freedom as the main end of the state.

25.3 Phonetics

An aidióloyi dat pats friidom as de mein end ov de steit.

25.4 Translation

Una ideología que sitúa la libertad como el principal fin del estado.

25.5 Explanation

25.6 Exercises

Do PRO25 on http://www.quizlet.com

67

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Liberalism

68

Lesson 26

Judiciary Power

26.1 Reading

The friend that controls everything. The man that controls everybody. That my friend studies. That I know you. I know that you are my friend. Everybody obeys me. Everybody obeys you. Everybody punishes you. The law book. The book club. The football players. The law infractor. It is commonly here. It is called Francisco. It is called ’palace’.

26.2 Definition

The state organization that controls that everybody obeys the law and punishes the law infractors. It is commonly called Courts.

26.3 Phonetics

De steit organiséixon dat controls dat evribodi obeis de loo and pánixis de loo in- fractors. It is comonli cold courts.

26.4 Translation

La organización del estado que controla que todo el mundo obedece la ley y castiga a los infractores de la ley. Es comúnmente llamada Los tribunales.

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Judiciary Power

26.5 Explanation

26.6 Exercises

Do PRO26 on http://www.quizlet.com

70

Lesson 27

Consejo General del Poder Judicial

27.1 Reading

27.2 Definition

In Spain, the organization that rules the judges.

27.3 Phonetics

In spein, de organiséixon dat rals de yadchis.

27.4 Translation

En España, la organización que rige a los jueces.

27.5 Explanation

Los jueces son independientes, pero tienen que decidir cuestiones de organiza- ción.

27.6 Exercises

Do PRO27 on http://www.quizlet.com

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Consejo General del Poder Judicial

72

Lesson 28

Constitution

28.1 Reading

The most important friend. The most beautiful. The less money. The most nice

girl. The most friendly boy. The important law. The right law. The Spanish law.

A friend in a state. A man in a country. All friends must be here. All players

must play fairly. I am in agreement with you. You are in agreement with your

mother.

28.2 Definition

The most important law in a state. All laws must be in agreement with the Constitution.

28.3 Phonetics

De most important loo in a steit. Ol loos mast bi in agríment uiz di constitúxion.

28.4 Translation

La ley más importante en un estado. Todas las leyes deben estar de acuerdo con

la Constitución.

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Constitution

28.5 Explanation

28.6 Exercises

Do PRO28 on http://www.quizlet.com

74

Lesson 29

Constitutional Court

29.1 Reading

The court is here. I am in the court. The lawyer is in the court. The judge is in the court. I control you. My father controls me. The mother that controls that. The kid plays well. The friend that controls your homework. All laws are in agreement with this. This is in agreement with the Constitution. All men are in agreement.

29.2 Definition

The court that controls that all laws are in agreement with the Constitution.

29.3 Phonetics

De court dat cóntrols dat ol loos ar in agriiment uiz de constitúxion.

29.4 Translation

El tribunal que controla que todas las leyes están de acuerdo con la Constitu- ción.

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Constitutional Court

29.5 Explanation

The Constitution is the chief law of a state. All laws must obey what the Cons- titution says. No law can say anything if the Constitution says the contrary. But sometimes the Parliament issues laws that contradict the Constitution. So- mebody must say that these laws are void and null. And this is the task of the Constitutional Court.

29.6 Exercises

Do PRO29 on http://www.quizlet.com

76

Lesson 30

Free Market Economy

30.1 Reading

It is my system. It is a sport system. Economics. Economy. Economic. Eco- nomic issues. Economic system. The movie is based in a novel. This movie is based in History. My private property is mine. This property is private. I have liberty to come. You have liberty to watch TV. I want to buy this. I want to play football. To come and go is normal. To eat and drink is normal.

30.2 Definition

It is the economical system based in private property and the liberty to buy and

sell.

30.3 Phonetics

It is de ecónomical sistem beist in priveit properti and de líberti to bai and sel.

30.4 Translation

Es es sistema económico basado en la propiedad privada y la libertad de comprar

y vender.

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Free Market Economy

30.5 Explanation

30.6 Exercises

Do PRO30 on http://www.quizlet.com

78

Lesson 31

Electoral System

31.1 Reading

It is my way. This is the way. This is not the way. A way used to go. A way to London. Used to clean dishes. I want to choose this book. I want to choose you. Representative of you. My representative. Representative of mine. Representa- tive of the parents.

31.2 Definition

It is the way used to choose representatives of the citizens.

31.3 Phonetics

It is de uei iust to chuus riprisentativs of de sítisens.

31.4 Translation

Es la manera usada para escoger representantes de los ciudadanos.

31.5 Explanation

31.6 Exercises

Do PRO31 on http://www.quizlet.com

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Electoral System

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Lesson 32

Autonomías

32.1 Reading

Here you are a student. Here you are the boss. The state roads. The big organi- zations. The men that come. The power of government. A table in the room. The country’s regions. The country’s road.

32.2 Definition

In Spain they are the state organizations that have power in the country’s re- gions.

32.3 Phonetics

In Spein dei ar de steit organiséixons dat jav poua in de countris reyions.

32.4 Translation

En España, son las organizaciones del estado que tienen poder en las regiones del país.

32.5 Explanation

32.6 Exercises

Do PRO32 on http://www.quizlet.com

81