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EVANS

for

gS2tf

CODE

TELEGRAPHY
TELETYPE TELETYPEWRITER

TELEMETER

STENOGRAPHY STENOTYPY
BRAILLE WRITING

ALPHABETIC SHORTHAND

'She

EVANS US& CODE

^he

EVANS !ng^ CODE


cA
SYSTEM of abbreviation of the English language, -with a vocabulary of all the basic and most frequently used words and phrase 6, employing the well-known Phillips code method of abbreviation. For telegraphy (wire and radio), teletype,
teletypewriter, telemeter, stenography, stenotypy, alphabetic

shorthand and informal note-taking, Braille writing, and


other uses that require the rapid,

all

accurate

and

economical

writing and transmission of English plain text.

By JOHN EVANS

First (Manuscript) Edition

JOHN * CLARENCE EVANS

Publishers
55 E. Washington Street

Chioago

2,

Illinois, U.S.A.

COPYRIGHT, 1947, BY JOHN EVANS

All rights in thie

work

are

reserved,

including those extended

by the British

Order in Counoil, entitled the Copyright


(United States of America) Order, 1942.

Printed in the United States of Amerioa

INTRODUCTION
C?r? HIS list of 3,848

standard English ^"word and phrase abbreviations is the product of the scientific classification and analysis of more than twentymillion words of book, magazine, newspaper, business correspondence and telover a egraphic communication text, period of several years, by a group of professionally qualified authorities.

Besides the 1,760 root forms of the Phillips code, and nearly 2,000 new words and phrases, this Code will be found to contain automatically all the nontechnical basic English words, as well as all the words, up to at least the first 1,000, in eaoh of the several high-frequenoy lists compiled by Ayres, Dearborn, Dewey, Thorndyke and Lorge, and others. (See Bibliography, below.)

enoompass all the basic and most frequently used words in English, the system no longer need be restricted to the transmission of "press" matter only because of its limited and specialized vooabulary, but is made of universal usefulness in the rapid, accurate, and economical handling of all manner of personal and business correspondence by keyboard or other means of transmission, as well as in rapid writing, informal or alphabetic shorthand, and note-taking, by hand or by machine.

A few 3- and 4-letter words of high frequency that do not admit of logical abbreviation have been included, both for completeness and to show that these short words are not used as code forms for longer ones. In general (with less than twenty easily distinguished exceptions), no code form in this list represents more than one word or phrase. A unique feature of this Code is the table of 100 most frequently used suffixes or word-endings, represented by
37 standard Code abbreviations (pages viii-ix). By means of these obvious and easily remembered forms almost any derivative in the English language can be substantially shortened, as shown in the Examples, page vi.

Telegraph and wireless operators and others who now use "Phillips" regularly will find muoh that is new and useful, nothing that is strange, in the present enlargement. For beginners in the field of communication the mastery of this Code is almost a neoessity. Workers in and in the proall lines of business, fessions, will find it an easy, fasoinating, useful and profitable accomplishment, of lifetime value.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Leonard P. Ayres, A Measuring Scale New York, The for Ability in Spelling, Russell Sage Foundation, 1915.

Godfrey Dewey, Relativ Frequenoy of English Speech Sounds, Cambridge, Mass. Harvard University Press, 1923.
C. K. Ogden, Basio English Word List London, England: W. W. Norton & Company New York, 1929.

author of this Code claims no originality in the method of abbreviation employed. It is the method of the well-known Phillips oode, introduced in 1879 by Walter Polk Phillips, of Massachusetts (1846-1920), expert telegrapher, brilliant journalist, and able administrator, who later became general manager of United Press. For more than sixty years a working knowledge of "Phillips" has been an important qualification of all competent commercial telegraphers.
The

Emma B. Dearborn, Speedwriting, The Natural Shorthand, School of Speedwriting, New York, 1937.

Edward R. Thorndyke and Irving Lorge The Teacher's Word Book of 30,000 Words New York, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1944. Telegraph
W. G. Gerlaoh, The Phillips Code, 4 Telephone Age, New York, 1945.

However, it is believed that through the introduction of the Key to Suffixes and the vast broadening of the list to

Scientific Speed John C. Evans, Shorthand, Zanesville, Ohio: Barnes A Noble, New York, 1946.

EXAMPLES OF THE CODE IN USE

WASHINGTON (UP) PRESIDENT TRUMAN RELEASED PART OF THE GOVERNMENT'S EXTRAORDINARY WARTIME POWERS TODAY BY DECLARING THE PERIOD OF HOSTILITIES ENDED AT NOON. HIS ACTION WIPED OFF THE STATUTE BOOKS IMMEDIATELY TWENTY EMERGENCY LAWS AND SET THIRTY- THREE
OTHERS FOR AUTOMATIC END SIX MONTHS FROM NOW, OR LATER. ENDING AT ONCE

WSHDC UP PRT TRUM RLSD PART F GOVMS XOY WARTI PWS TDY BY DCLG T PED
HOYS ENDD AT NOO. HS ACTN WIPD OF T STATUT BUKS IMTY 20 EMJY LWS 4 SET 33 OTRS FO AUMC END 6 MOS FM NW, OR LTER. ENDG AO WS T GOVMS PW TO SZ PVTY HX

OND FLNTS 4 MINES, IVKD OFN DUR WARTI


LAB DISPUTS. IN 6 MOS DX UNL CGS ITVS

W NU LWS DX T GOVM MUST TUR BAK TO T


PVT ONRS T COAL MINES IT NW HOS. AF TT DAT A SERIES EMJY TAXS WI DRP SI AMG TZ R EXCISE LEVIES ON LQRS, FURS, JWY 4 OTR LUXS. T LQR TAX WI DRP FM SX9 TO SX6 T PRUF***

WAS THE GOVERNMENT'S POWER TO SEIZE PRIVATELY-OWNED PLANTS AND MINES, INVOKED OFTEN DURING WARTIME LABOR DISPUTES. IN SIX MONTHS UNLESS CONGRESS

INTERVENES WITH NEW LAWS THE GOVERNMENT MUST TURN BACK TO THE PRIVATE OWNERS THE COAL MINES IT NOW HOLDS.

AFTER THAT DATE A SERIES OF EMERGENCY TAXES WILL DROP; AMONG THESE ARE EXCISE LEVIES ON LIQUORS, FURS, JEWELRY AND OTHER LUXURIES. THE LIQUOR TAX

SAVING: 35.7%

WILL DROP FROM $9 TO $6 THE PROOF*


FOURSCORE AND SEVEN YEARS AGO OUR FATHERS BROUGHT FORTH ON THIS CONTINENT A NEW NATION, CONCEIVED IN LIBERTY, AND DEDICATED TO THE PROPOSITION

THAT ALL MEN ARE CREATED EQUAL. NOW WE ARE ENGAGED IN A GREAT CIVIL WAR, TESTING WHETHER THAT NATION, OR ANY NATION SO CONCEIVED AND SO DEDICATED, CAN LONG ENDURE. WE ARE MET ON A GREAT BATTLEFIELD OF THAT WAR. WE HAVE COME TO DEDICATE A PORTION OF THAT FIELD, AS A FINAL RESTING PLACE FOR THOSE WHO HERE GAVE THEIR LIVES THAT THAT NATION MIGHT LIVE. IT IS ALTOGETHER FITTING AND PROPER THAT WS SHOULD DO THIS. BUT, IN A LARGER SENSE, WE CANNOT DEDICATE WE CANNOT CONSECRATE WE CANNOT HAL-

4SK0 4 7 YRS AGO OU FRS BROT FH ON CONCEIVD IN LIB * DEDICTD TO T PPON TT L MEN R CREATD EQL. NW WE R EGAD IN A GT CVL WAR, TESTG WTR TT NAT, OR AY NAT SO CONTS KNT A NU NAT.

CEIVD 4 SO DEDICTD, CN LG ENDD. WE R MET ON A GT BTLFLD TT WAR. WE HV CM TO DEDICT A PORN TT FLD, AS A FNL RSTG PLC FO TH WO HR GA THR LIVS TT
TT NAT MIT LIV. IX ATGR FITG 4 PRP TT WB SD DO TS. BT, IN A LRGR SNS, WE CNN DEDICT DX WB CNN CONSECRT DX WE

CNN HALLOW DX TS GR. T BRV MEN, LI7G


4 DSD, WO STRUGLD HR HV CONSECRTD IT, FAR ABV OU POR PW TO AD OR DTR. T WLD

LOWTHIS GROUND. THB BRAVE MEN, LIVING AND DEAD, WHO STRUGGLED HERE, HAVB
CONSECRATED IT, FAR ABOVE OUR POOR POWER TO ADD OR DETRACT. THE WORLD***
vi

SAVING: 28.6%

CONTENTS
Introduction Examples of the Coda in Use

t
ri

Standard Suffixes (in Code) Standard Suffixes (in Plain Text)


TEE EVANS Basic English CODE

viii

ix
1

One-Letter Forms (Extracted) Two-Letter Forms (Extraoted) Two-Letter Combinations Not Used

45
46

......

63

Memoranda
The Code in Plain Text

54
55 96 96
96

Months and Days

Ptmotuation and Signs


Nations

Nationalities Geographic
Provinoes

Cities of the World


CANADA.

98
98

Territories Cities ...


....

U.S.A.

States Territories Cities

99

ii

KEY TO SUFFIXES
37 STANDARD CODE WORD ENDINGS REPRESENTING THE 100 MOST FREQUENTLY USED SUFFIXES

Appropriate Code suffixes may be added to any of the root abbreTiations whenever required to form derivatives that do not appear in the Code list.

CODE

CODE
-ABILITY -ABLY -IBILITY -IBLY

QV DY

100 SUFFIXES (in alphabetic order)

REPRESENTED BY 37 STANDARD CODE ABBREVIATIONS

ABILITY

BY
L

EN

ABLE

ABLY
ACTION ACTORY

BY

N RY
CY
J

ACY
AGE

AL
ALLY

L
LY

AN
ANCE

N
C

ANCY
ANT

CY
T

ARY
ATE

RY
T
C

ATIC
AT ION

ATIVE ATIZE

V
TZ

ATORY

RY

BLE

CATION

ED
EE

D E

EER

T>

r.

Godfrey Dewey hae shown that nine word*


in,

the,

of, and, to,

a,

that, it, is

make

up more than 23% of ordinary English

apeeoh and writing.

Other studies indicate that the 100 most


and that a list of less

frequently used words constitute 60%,

than 600 words oorers nearly 90% of all nonteohnloal material.

Beginners

should

start

immediately
the

using the 26 one-letter oharaeter


4.

forms on page 45, together with


575 two-letter forms

Next, the

beginning on page 46 should be systematput


to
use, combining

ically

studied

and

them, as may be

required, with the standard word-endings shown on page Tiii.

No speoial effort need be made to memorise the 37 suffixes or word-endings; they will be pioked up automatically.
NOTE: The second section of this book, starting on

page 55, oontaine the COMPLETE CODE IN PLAIN TEXT.

EVANS

BASIC
ENGLISH

CODE

ROO TODS. SM DERIWS HVB ICUD, EH TS LST CSIS LRJY OR BC TY TO IL T PE ADG KOD SUFIXS, (C PGE viii), * PLN-TEXT VAR FM T UL FRM: C ABU ABUC. FNL LTRS TODS, SH AS E, T, & Y, R DR6DD IN ADG KOD SUFIXS, E.G., ABBREVIATE ABB; ABBREVIATIONABBN; ACCOMPANY ACMP; ACCOMPANYING ACMPG. * ARABC NUMERLS R TON & SNT AS SH, NT SPELD OUT: 1, 2, 3. * ORMNL NUMS ABV THIRD R FRMD (Saving: 38. 5#) BY ADG D OR H TO T ARABC FGR: 4H, 23D.

ADVJ
ADVJ

ALW

ALX
ALX

ASI

ASIA ASIA

BAB

BAG

BLA - BSH
BLA

CMF
CDY

10

CRL

11

DNCN
DNCN

DVT

12

13

DVU

ENGR
ENGR

FAT

14

15

FNZ - GD FNZ

16

17

HAlfR -

HTE

18

HAym

19

ILX

ITT

20

ILX

21

KQT

22

K
K

23

LIT

UEDL

24

LIY

25

MRD

NGL

26

MRD

27

OBV

29

FK -

31

PRFT

REM

32

33

RPZ - SCAR RPZ

34

35

SIP - SOVN

56

SIP

37

38

TBH

STOD

39

TBL

TNY thy

TXS

40

41

TY

USSR USSR

WAH

42

43

WQ

XUN

45

XUV

ZY

ONE-LETTER FORMS

XUV

TWO- LETTER FORKS

(EXTRACTED)

AA

47

GL -

49

NW

51

RQ

VS

TWO- LETTER FORMS

RQ

VT

TWO-LETTER COMBINATIONS NOT USED


Available for assignment as prearranged signals for words not in the Code. *Use of the combinations marked with an asterisk is not recommended.

EE*
EI*

NY*

VB

YK

OA
OE*

VD
VE

YM
YN
YP YQ
YS

EO*

EW
HE*

00*

VH
VI

OX OY

HY
II* IY*

VJ
VM

QD QF

YU

VQ

YV
Yff

JC

QG
QH
QI

W
VW
VZ

JD
JH
JI

YX
YY
YZ
ZB
ZC

QL
QV
RS

XA
XE

JJ

JM JQ JV
JX

XF
XI

RW
SE*

ZE*

XQ

ZF
ZH ZJ
ZP

SY

XV XW
XZ
YB
YC

JZ

UA
UB UC

KA KH
LH
LI

ZQ
ZT

UE

UH
UI

YE*

ZU ZV

LM
LZ

YF
YH
YI*

UO

ZW
ZX
ZZ

NL
NQ

UW UY
53

YJ

1.ELXRANDA

EVANS
A
A

a !n

g^ h

CODE

PLAIN TEXT

ADVOCATE

57

AMPLIFY - ASSIST

AMPLIFY

ASSOCIATE

59

BLIND

BUY

61

BUYER

CHEESE

BUYER

CHEMICAL

COMMON

62

CHEMICAL

63

COMMONWEALTH

CONTINENT

COMMONWEALTH

CONTINUE CONTINUE

CURVE

64

65

CUSHION

DEPARTMENT OF STATE

CUSHION

DEPEND DEPEND

DOCUMENT

66

67

EMBODY

EXCLUDE

68

EMBODY

69

FENCE FENCE

FRAUDULENT

70

71

GRATEFUL
GRATEFUL

HERSELF

72

73

HESITATE

IN CONCLUSION

HESITATE

IN CONNECTION

75

INTELLIGENT

JUDGE ADVOCATE

INTELLIGENT

JUDGE ADVOCATE

77

MARVEL

MOST

79

.MOSTLY

NOTWITHSTANDING
NOTWITHSTANDING

OTHER

80

81

OTHERWISE

PERSONNEL

OTHERWISE

PETITION - PREJUDICE PETITION

82

83

PSYCHIATRIST

85

RETRIEVE RETRIEVE

SECOND

86

87

SECRET

SIDE

SECRET

SECR
SSYC

SENATE SENATE BILL

SA
SAB

SHED

SECBET SERVICE

SECRETARY

SET

SENATE COMMITTEE

SAC

SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE
SECRETARY OF COMMERCE

SOA

SEND
SENIOR

SND
SR

SCO

SENSATION
SENSE

SXN
SNS

SECRETARY OF LABOR
SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR

SOL

SENT
SFI

SNT
STC

SENTENCE SENTIMENT

SECRETARY OF THB HAVY SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY


SECRETARY OF STATE SECRETARY OF

SNM

SNTY
SEPARATE
SFT

SQ SGT

SERGEANT (AMN)
SERIOUS

SRX
SJT

SOS

SERJEANT (BRH)

WAR
SECTION
SECURE

SOW
ZCN

SERVE

SV
SVC

SERVICE

ZS
ZHZ SDU
C

SESSION
SET

SSN

SECURITIES
SEDUCE
SEE

SET
SXL

SETTLE

SEVERAL
SEVERE

SVL
SVR

SEED

SEED

SEEING
SEEK

CO
ZK

SEX
SHADE SHAKE

SEX
SHD
SHE

SEEM
SEEN

ZH
ZN

SHALL
SHAME SHAPE
SHARE

SHL
SHM
SHP
SHE

SEIZE

sz
SLC

SELECT
SELF

SLF SLH

SELFISH
SELL

SHARP
SHE

SEP
SHE

SBL

SIGHT - SPIRIT
SIGHT

88

39

SPOKE

SUFFER

SPOKE

SUFFICIENT SUFFICIENT

TERRIFY

90

91

TERRITORY

TOMORROW NIGHT

95

VICINITY

WH

96

TOU'RB
TOU'RB

XOOLOGT

MOETHS

DATS - PUICTCATIOI

GEOGRAPHIC

96

URS

PUICTUATIOI * SIOIS
AMPBRSAJTD 4
'

EATIOIS EATIOIALIT US
GEOGRAPHIC DIYISIOIS

TOURSELP
TOURSBLTES
ZEAL

URP
UEVS

BS

APRICA
APOSTROPHE
QZ

API

APRICAI
XL
10
ZI

APO
AMA
AMI ARGA
ARGE

CAPITAL LETTER
CEIT

CI

AMERICA

BH
ZIJC

sin

CT
AWgBTP-ATi

COLOI
COLOl DASH COLOI QUOTE
-

10

ZOOLOGT

ZOO

H
IQ AA

AHGXJTHA
ABOSITIIB

:"

AHCSFTIHAI

ARGE
ASIA ASIAC

10IT1S

COMMA
DASH

Slffl

ASIA
DZ

ASIATIC
DCLLAE
$

SZ

ATLAITIC (OCEAI)
KID OP

AIL
AUS

WOU
POUT
-

SO

AUSTRALIA
SXCLAMATIOI
HTPHEI
MI

AUSTRALIAI
HX

AUSI

AUSTRIA

AUR AUI
BGAI

OT

CODE

15

AUSTRIA!

PARAGRAPH

T6

BELGIAI

PA20THBSIS BBGDTS PI
BELGIUM
PAEBITHESIS BIDS
PT

BOH

BRAZIL (U.8. OP)


PERCEIT

BZL
BZLI
BRII
BRH

080

BRAZILIAI

PERIOD
POUID 8TERLI1G

UD
BBTTATI
LZ

BRITISH

qmSTICI MAKX

DI

BRITISH EMPIRE

BRSS

DATS
SUIDAT
8DT

QUOTAIIOI EEOHS

QI

BRITISHER

QUOTATIOI BIDS

QJ

BRITOI

MOIDAT
TUBSDAT

MM
TUT

8EMICCL0I

81

CAIADA
SBPARATRIZ / S0LIDU8 THOXJLI
SHI 1. 1 .TIG SIQI
8

CDA
CIS CHL
CHLI

CA1ADIAI

iranmiT
THURSDAT
pridai
saturdat

wda
THD
pri

UT
16

CHILE

SMALL LETTER UIDBESCCRB BSOIBS uidbrscorb bids

CHILBAI

HZ uj

CHUA
CEHB8B

CHA

satt

BH

97

CUBA

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

.CUBA

CITIES (WORLD)

CANADA

CITIES

(WORLD)

CANADA

99

U. S. A.

STATES AND TERRITORIES

ALABAMA - WYOMING

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

STATES AND TERRITORIES


(Add the letter N, R, or as shown after eaoh abbreviation, to indicate a native or resident of the state or territory.)
T,

ALABAMA

D. S. A.

TERRITORIES

CITIES

100

TERRITORIES