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PMM 8010 - MEASURING SYSTEM

FOR
CONDUCTEDINTERFERENCES10kHz-30MHz
PMM L2 - 10 ARTIFICIAL MAINS NETWORK
PMMl2-10jEj02
i StanTronic
I
INSTRUMENTS
, 8700 Horsens
"',3366 Kbh.47100150
USER MANUAL
NOTES AND SAFETY WARNINGS
1 - PMM 8010 Signal Analyzer and its related Artificial Network (USN) have been
designed and manufactured in Italy according to the national standards and
regulations for industrial electronic products, paying particular attention to all safety
recommendations.
2 - PMM 8010 and USNs are instruments for testing high-voltage equipment.
Improper usage and lack of caution may endanger the operator's life.
3 - PMM 8010 and related USN have internal parts working at high voltage. We
recommend to avoid any usage of the equipment or even to switch-on the
equipment when the external case has been removed.
4 - If evident damages have been caused to the external case, or if you even
suspected that internal damages have occured to the equipment due to improper
storage, transportation or utilization, we recommend to avoid any further usage and
to contact your National Assistance Centre or your National Distributor.
S - The cover of PMM 8010 and USN's should never be removed or unscrewed. Any
inspection, internal check or repair shall be conducted exclusively by trained and
authorized personnel at the Manufacturer's Service Centre or at your National
Authorized Assistance Centre.
S - Our stabilized networks (USN) are protected against misuse and excess of current
drawing by the device under test Anyhow, we recommend you to make sure to use
the correct kirid of USN before starting measurements :
o L2 - 25 and L2 - 10 for single phase devices-under-test up to 10 Amps;
o L3 - 25 for tri-phase devices-under-test up to 25 Amps;
o L 1 -150 for measurement on a single phase up to 150 Amps.
7 - Before switching-on .the USN, make sure that the mains distribution system does
not utilize differential safety breakers. The internal structure of any USN (according to
CISPR) enables the existance of leakage currents to ground, which will make the
differential breakers blowout. To avoid any problem, we suggest to use an insulating
tranformer to provide the mains supply to the USN.
- I -
8 - We suggest to connect receiver and USN through front RF-cable only AFTER:
o switching on both receiver and USN;
o supplying the devices-under-test through the USN, in order to avoid any
stress on the input stage of the receiver, due to the switch-on transients.
9 - In case of electric shock, urgently refer to the "FIRST AIO" table in the following
page of this manual.
- II -
FIRST AID
FIRST AID in case of Electric Shock
1. Lay the victim on his back.
2. Clear victim's mouth and throat.
3. Tilt victim's head back as far as possible
and rise his head.
4. Pinch victim's nostrils.
5. Take a deep breath.
6. Cover the victim's mouth with yours and
blow, watching his chest rise.
NOTE: blow forcefully into adults, but gently
into children.
7. Move your face away to allow victim to
breathe out, watching his chest fall.
8. Repeat first five to ten breaths at a rapid
rate; thereafter, take one breath every three
to five seconds.
9. Keep victim's head back as far as possible
all the time .
. Have someone else send for a Doctor .
. Keep patient warm and loosen his clothing.
- III -
DO NOT Give liquids until
patient is inconscious.
PMM L2 -10 ARTIFICIAL MAINS NETWORK
1. GENERAL.
1.1 Forewords.
1.2 L2-10 for "current injection" tests.
1.3 Technical specifications.
1.4 Front and rear panel features.
2. OPERATING PMM L2-10 LlSN.
2.1 Mains supply input.
2.2 Connecting Test Receiver.
2.3 Connecting Test Item (OUT).
2.4 Test set-up.
2.5 Remote control with PMM 8010 Signal Analyzer.
3. TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION.
4. SERVICE.
4.1 Test equipment
4.2 Test procedure
5. PARTS AND SCHEMATICS.
- 1 -
1. GENERAL
1.1 FOREWORDS
The objective of EMI Conducted tests is to define the amplitude of current Ie and
voltage Ve emission from the Oevice Under Test (OUT) onto the power mains or to
define the immunity of the OUT to the conducted interferences.
The mains lines themselves do not allow for reliable EMI measurements since their
impedance is subject to marked variations that generates different test results at
different test sites.
PMM's Artificial Mains Network L2-10 is a LlSN used for RFI measurements on AC
single-phase, power supplied electric and electronic equipment drawing up to 10
Amps, that is in the most frequently-encountered applications.
L2-10 is a two-line V-network with an equivalent circuit of 500hm / / (50hm + 50uH),
fully compliant with CISPR pub!, 16, VOE 0876 and FCC part 15 regulation.
The mainfunctions performed by the Artificial mains Network are:
o terminate the OUT with a standardized impedance against reference
ground;
o supply power to the OUT;
o insulate the test circuits against external interference coming, for
example, from AC-voltage network;
o route the EMI of the OUT to the receiver, in case of conducted emission
measurement, and the EMI from the signal generator to the OUT, in
case of susceptibility test.
Ferrite-core coils are used in the low-pass filter. Saturation effects have been avoided
designig a ferrite-core that is able to withstand a 50% increase of the Imax value
without any saturation.
- 2 -
Standard L2-10 is provided with standar SCHUKO power soket 10/16 Amps. to
connect test item, but other connector types are available on request.
L2-10 has obviously been designed and built up to work toghether with PMM 8010
Signal Analyzer, but it may be normally used in conjunction with other Manufacturer's
RF Receivers or Spectrum Analyzer.
1.2 L2-10 FOR "CURRENT INJECTION" TESTS.
As described above, a LlSN is primarily a probe to take-out RF signals. Some
particular EMC recommendations might require that Oevices-Under-Test shall be
proven to conducted EMC-immunity in range 10kHz - 30MHz, by injecting on the
supply-lines certain RF interferences and checking the OUT's response.
L2-10 may be used also to this purposes by injecting a RF signal in to the RF output
on the front panel of L2-10.
Injected signal shall be lower than 127dBuV to avoid damages to PMM 8010 Signal
Analyzer and, generally to all EMI receivers.
1.3 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
In the following figure it is represented the L2-10 LlSN equivalent circuit, designed
according to CISPR 16 and VOE 0876 regulations.
Connection to DUT
50 pH
GROI.I'ID
>-
>-
>-
1-
r
1
Ri = input inpedance of the EMI Receiver
CISPR eq:uiva le\lt circuit
- 3 -
PMM' s L2-10 LlSN has the following main characteristics:
Equivalent circuit:
Frequency range:
Network Impedance;
Continuous rated lout:
Max lout (10 min):
Max AC supply voltage:
Connector for test item:
RF output:
Remote control input:
Artificial hand & Protective earth:
Rated temperature range:
Storage temperature range:
Dimension:
Weight:
CISPR 16 & VDE 0876
9kHz to 30M Hz
50 ohm /50 uH
2x 10A
2x 16A
250 V
SCHUKO standard power socket 10A / 16A
(other socket available on request)
BNCfemale
rear panel
incorporated
from 0 to 45 C
from - 25 to + 70 C
mm 265 x 170 x 290
6kg
1.4 FRONT AND REAR PANEL FEATURES
The figures in the following page show connecting points available on front and rear
panels of PMML2-10 LlSN:
o Artificial hand (1);
o Ground (2);
o Protective earth switch (3);
o SCHUKO plug to supply the OUT (4);
- 4 -
1
I
o Manual switch for selection of line under test (L 1 or L2): when L2-10 is
used toghether with PMM8010 Signal Analyzer and properly connected
to it, manual switch is disabled and selection Sw performed (5);
o Interference RF signal output (6);
o Indication LEDs of line under test (7);
o Mains supply input (8);
o Data connector (to PMM 8010 Signal analyzer) (9);
o Identification label (10).
o PK'I L2-18
co
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Hinlll
y
fl. It I",!!
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ill
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9
- 5 -
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2. OPERATING PMM L.2-10
WARNING: before providing power supply to the OUT, we suggest to
disconnect the RF cable between USN and Signal Anallyzer.
NOTE: before putting L2-10 into operation, connect the Artificial Mains
Network to earth in order to avoid dangerous voltages on the case.
2.1 MAINS SUPPLY INPUT.
Mains supply input connector is placed on the rear plate of the USN (8).
2.2 CONNECTING TEST RECEIVER.
The interference-measuring test receiver, PMM 8010 Signal Analyzer or other RF
receivers, is connected to BNC socket, on the front panel, through a connectorized
coaxial cable (6).
An additional earth line for the test receiver can be fitted to the extra ground
connecting pOint (2).
2.3 CONNECTING TEST ITEM.
The test item (OUT) must be connected to the SCHUKO 10 Amps plug on the front of
the USN (4).
OUT with separate earth terminal can be earthed through the extra ground contact.
2.4 PROTECTIVE EARTH.
According to VOE 0871 regulation, the protective earth lead of the OUT shall be
connected to the reference ground at the LlSN when the RFI voltage is measured.
If the RFI voltage is 5 dB or less under the limit, the measurement has to be repeated
with an inserted protective earth inductor (1.6 mH) between the protective earth lead
of the OUT and the reference ground at the USN.
Protective earth (P.E.) inductor can be inserted by means of the dedicated switch (3)
on the front panel.
- 6 -
,
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2.5 TEST SET-UP.
Measurement repeatibility is the main concern of standards and regulations, that
exactly define the test set-up for interference measurements.
The Artificial Mains Network L2-10 complies with CISPR publ.16 (part 2), VDE 0876
and the American FCC part 15 rules and regulations.
The test SET-UPs required for various standards are largely identical; a detailed
description is given in VDE 0877 part 1. (par. 9.2 "Measurements using LlSNs").
The DUT has to be positioned on a non-metallic or conductive table (height >80cm.),
40 cm. in front of a metallic grounded wall with dimensions of at least 2 m. x 2 m.
The table may also be used inside a screened room.
The distance of the DUT from any metallic part may affect the measured RFI voltage
values; VDE 0877 exactly define the dimensions for the test configurations, by means
of the following drawing:
CD
> Z88


>288
ill "'



4


B8
>BB

-
-
Test configuration according to VDE 0877 regulation.
- 7 -
The figure at page 7 rapresents the test configuration and the interconnection of a
mains operated DUT, according to the above mentioned VDE specification, where:
1 Metallic grounded wall;
2 Device Undet Test (DUT);
3 Folded mains cable fixed with strips of adhesive tape;
4 Non-metallic table;
5 RFI measuring receiver;
6 Line Impedance Stabilization Network (LlSN) with:
B - connection to reference ground.
P - jack for OUT.
M - coaxial connection to measuring receiver.
All dimensions are given in centimeters.
When the measure is carried out on hand - held equipment (e.g. portable drill), the
operator's hand is simulated by means of a circuit connected to A. H. plug (1),
consisting of a 200 pF capacitor connected in series with a 500 ohm resistor.
If the equipment case is metallic, simply connect plug (1) with the case of the DUT;
otherwise wrap a metal foil oround the DUT's handles. The foil are connected
together and to the plug, as shown in the following figure.
D
B
To Artificial Hand plug
- 8 -
--,
I
, ,
2.5 REMOTE CONTROL WITH PMM 8010 SIGNAL ANALYZER.
It is possible to remote-control the Artificial Mains Network with the PMM 8010 Signal
Analyzer, in order to select and automatically switch the power Line on which the
measurement has to be performed.
Connect L2-10 to PMM 8010 using the data cable, provided with the USN.
A + 12 V signal enables line control relais to switch from manual mode line selection to
remote-controlled line selection, connecting L 1 or L2 line to the OUT-TEST output
alternatively.
Please refer also to "PMM 8010 System - Software Manual" for all the details
concerning USN remote-control commands.
3. TECHNICAL DESCRIPTiON
Artificial Mains Network L2-10 is a Line Impedence Stabilized Network, fully
compliance with recommendations CISPR pub. 16 and VDE 0876, with "V" structure
(50 ohm - 50 uH).
Selection betwen L 1 and L2 is performed via 8010 software, or manually by means of
the front panel switch, when the data line is not connected.
To fully compliant VDE regulation,.PMM L2-10 USN has been provided also with
Artificial Hand and Protective earth circuit.
- 9 -
4 SERVICE
WARNING: INTERNAL HARDWARE CHEKS AND REPAIRS SHALL BE
PERFORMED ONLY BY AUTHORIZED ASSISTANCE AND SERVICE CENTRES.
THE MANUFACTURER, THE WORLDWIDE DISTRIBUTORS AND THE
NATIONAL DISTRIBUTOR AGENTS SHALL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE AND KEPT
LIABLE FOR DAMAGES TO GOODS, TO INSTRUMENTS OR PERSONS
CAUSED DURING UNAUTHORIZED OPERATIONS O ~ THE INSTRUMENT, OR
BY MANOMISSED INSTRUMENT.
4.1 TEST EQUIPMENT.
THE FOLLOWING TEST SHALL BE PERFORMED WITH THE L2-10 L1SN
DISCONNECTED FROM MAINS, IN FACT IT IS NOT NECESSARY TO SUPPLY AND
SWITCH ITON.
In order to test L2-10, it necessary to use either:
o RF generator and level measuring instrument
or
o Spectrum Analyzer with Tracking generator
In both cases, instrument shall be working at 1 MHz.
- 10 -
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4.2 TEST PROCEDURE
1 Connect the RF signal (or tracking signal) to the mains output of L2-10, using
normal plug, making sure that the ground pin of the plug is connected to the
shield of the RF cable (grounded). The RF signal (or tracking signal) shall
be taken to L 1 and L2 sockets, alternatively.
2 Connect L2-10 RF output to the level-meter input (or Spectrum).
3 Attenuation betwen generated signal level and measured level on output shall
be less than 0.5dB at 1 MHz. If higher than 0.5 dB, please contact the
Assistance Centre.
5. PARTS AND SCHEMATICS
In the following pages are included PMM L2-10 LlSN electrical schemes and
component list.
- 11 -
4.2 TEST PROCEDURE
1 Connect the RF signal (or tracking signal) to the mains output of L2-10, using
normal plug, making sure that the ground pin of the plug is connected to the
shield of the RF cable (grounded). The RF signal (or tracking signal) shall
be taken to L 1 and L2 sockets, alternatively.
2 Connect L2-10 RF output to the level-meter input (or Spectrum).
3 Attenuation betwen generated signal level and measured level on output shall
be less than O.5dB at 1 MHz. If higher than 0.5 dB, please contact the
Assistance Centre.
5. PARTS AND SCHEMATICS
In the following pages are included PMM L2-10 LlSN electrical schemes and
component list.
- 11 -
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LINE
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CISPR
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MRINS NETWORK
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R4
1. Or/:2 1-1
RS
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1
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FLOATING
P.E. S ... i.tch
C6
l.uF /:250Vac
SCHUKO 1.0A
1..6 mH
PMM Elettroniche
Reg. CARENDA di RAPALLINE 24
1.7030 CAMPOCHIESA (Albenga) -SV-
Tel 01.8:2-:20346 TLFAX 01.8:2-:20347
ARTIFICIAL HAINS NETI-IORK L:2/1.0
'ocument- Number
L:2-1.0BRD
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Re9. CARENDA dl. RAPALLINE 24
1.7030 CAHPOCHLESA (Alben9_)-SV-
Tel 01.82-20346 TLFAX

ARTIF:tC:tAL HAINS NETHORK L2/1.0
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ARTIFICIAL MAINS NETWORK L2/10
L2/1O MilinBoill'd
Bill Of Milted.als Odobe\' 7, 1992
Item Qu.;mti ty
Revised: J.anua\'y
Revision: 190
2:1B:37
OESCRIPTI ON
PMM P.;n+Code
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
. 22uF Cond.Polieste\'e 250Vae
luFl250V.ac Cond. Poliestel'e 250V.ae
3 2 C2,CS
B:<luF /2501Jae GI'IJPPO B:<Cond. Pol ieste\'e 250Vac
4 CS
L2/25MAIN Ci to-Stampato
5 b R2a,R1,R2,R4,R5,R5.a
10\,/2W Res. Impasto 2W 20;(
b 2 R3,Rb
100k/2W Res. Impasto 2W 20Z
7 4 PF1,PF2,PF3,PF4
P.FERR.2
P\'ofilato AIIlJm. Blocca-Fe\'\'iti L2-10/25
B
9
10
11
13
14
15
4 Co1,Co2,Co3,Co4 Col.FF.b8:<SMA Oistanziatol'e OTTONE FEM/FEM bBxSMA
8 G\'1, GI'2, GI'3, GI'4, G\'5, GI'b, G\'Owe\'. SMA Rondella G\'Owe\' INOX Fo\'O Smm
Gp7,Gr'B
2 100eAI,lOOCm
RAME sml l,S
Filo Rame-Sm.:ll t.:lto diam 1, Smm
1 500Cffi
RAME sml 2,6 Filo Rame-Smalt.ato di.am 2,6mm
4 R01 .. R02, R03, R04
ROeCH-l
pel' Ferriti PHILIPS E-6S-SP
B SE1,SE2,SE3,SE4,SES,SE6, SEMI-l SeminlJdeo E-6S-3C8 4312-020-343BO
SE7,SE8
2 TO-2,TO-1 TOR-l TOl'oide-Tondo 4330-030-37S6O
B Vt1,Vt2,Vt3,IJt4,Vt5,Vt6, Vt.I.TC.16:<SMA Vite Ino:< 16:<5MA
Vt7,VtB
CM-057.0017
CM-057.0019
CM-057.0019
CS-027.001B
RS-030.0002
RS-030.0001
SC-00B.0011
VR-999 . 0131
VR-038.000b
VF:-072.0009
VR-012.0001
VR-OS7.0232
VR-057.0234
VR-OS7.023b
VR-038.0014
ARTIFICIAL MAINS NETWORK L2/10 Revised: ,Jan1JaI'Y 2, 1992
L2IiO Revision: 190
Bill Of M.:ltedal s Odobel' 7, 1992 3: 39: 36 P.:lge
Item Quantity Refel'ence DESCRIPTION PMM Papt-Code
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2
3
4
S
6
7
8
9
10
11
1
"
L
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
CMi
1 CN4
2 CNS,CN6
2 CN2,CN3
CN1
PN1
PN2
RS1
SC1
SC2
VRl1
2 VR6,VR7

VR1
VR2
VR3
( VR4,VRS
VR8
VR9
VR12
2 VR13,VR14
Cond, Poliestel'e 2S0V.:lc CM-999,0019
BNC,F,P,C2 Conn, COal{ FEM SOohm d.:l pann, l{ C.!lVO 2mm CN-011 ,0002
BNC,M,S8,90" MAS 90" Volante RG-S8 CN-057,0064
h/MK,7pF/V Pl'esa tipo 7pin/FEM/Vol.!lnte CtH57.0249
Sp/MK.7pM/P Spina tipo Micl'Of. 7pin/MAS/Pannello CN-057. 02S0
P.Ant.L2/1O Pannello Antel'iol'e Sel'igl'afato l{ L2/10 Ptl-056.0008
P. Post, L2/10 Pannello Postel'iOl'e Venlidato l{ L2/10 PN-OS6. 0017
470 Res, Stl'ato-Metall. 1/4W 1% RS-057.0191
Cont.8030 Conteni tOI'e EUROS, 3U 42TE 292/5, V SC-OS8. 0002
P.lnt.L2/25 Pianale Intel'no in Alluminio L2!10-2S SC-008.0009
1-DEV Intel'l'uttope a l-Scambio VR-999. 0138
ALM, NE NERA pel' Alimenhtol'i VR-999.0128
VR-072.0006
Cavo.8F'+SC Cavo Schel'mato 8-Fili VR-072,OOOS
COMAR, 104 Pl'esa FEM.!Vol. 16A12S0v COMAREL-104 VR-101.0002
COMAR.1020-13 Gommino l{ Pl'esa FEM.lVol COMAREL-l020-13 VR-101.0003
COMAR .1621 Spina P.;lnnello 16A/250.V COMAREL-1621 VR-101.0004
P .L. SDlnl.VE POI'ta-LED 5mm Plastica-VERDE VR-999.0168
Ludda 2posti GEWISS 9000-672-7 VR-072.001O
Pl'es.;! SCHUKO 2P+ T GEt.!ISS 9000-111-6 VR-072.0015
VR-012,0002
RG-58 Cavo COAX SOohm RG-58/U VR-057.0224
RG-316 Cavo COAX TEFLON 500hDl / 2,6mm VR-O 11. 0009
Sp.Vo.SCHU.BI. Spin.;) Volante SCHUKO 2l<10A VR-072.0018
TOR-1 TOl'oide-Tondo 4330-030-37560 VR-OS7.0236
ARTIFICIAL MAINS NETWORK L2/10
L2IlO KeyBoal'd
e.i 11 Of M.:lterial s Odobel' 7. 1992
Item Quanti ty
Revised: Odobel' 7. 1992
Revision: 190
3:24:00 Page
DESCRIPTION PMM Pal't-Code
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
C2 10uF/35vV Cond. lett!'. RADIALE CE-057.0002
2 Cl luF Cond.Multistl'ato Z5U 1 50U 1 p.S,OB CM-057.0021
3 CS es L2/25KEYB Ci to-Stampato CS-027.0021
4 01 lN414B Diodo Coftlmutazione DI-057.0090
DL2,DL1 LED US Diodo LED VERDE 5AlRl 01-057.0095
6 2 .J1,.J2 1mH bIped. P.sso 6,B IM-051.0007
7 4 RL2,RL1,RL3,RL4 DR-12 Rele 50S OR-12U RL-023.0001
B 2 R2,Rl 56l' Res. Strato-Metall. 1I4W if. RS-057.0193
9 R7 6BO Res. St!'ato-Metall. 1/4W if. RS-057.019B
10 2 R5,R6 lk5 Res. Sh'ato-Meta11. 1I4W 17. RS-057.0150
11 R4 3k3 Res. Sh'ato-Metall. 1I4W 17. RS-057.0174
12 R3 4k7 Res. Sh'ato-Het.:lll. 1I4W 1:< RS-057.01B6
13 Ql BC337 Tl'.:lfr::i. NPN (T092) TR-057.0215
14 SWl 2-0EU Intel'l'uttol'e a Levetta VR-Ol0.0002
15 50 mm RG-316 C.:.lVO COAX TEFLON 500hm 1 2,6mm UR-O 11. 0009
- r
J'