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Axia College Material

Appendix C Leaders and Legislation of the Civil Rights and Black Power Movements
Identify leaders of the Civil Rights and Black Power movements and their contributions to their respective causes. How did these social pioneers forge the way for this important ratification? What legislation was relevant during these critical times?

Part I
Complete the following matrix by identifying 7 to 10 leaders or legislative events from both the Civil Rights and Black Power movements. The first leader is provided as a model. Leader and Associated Legislation, if any A. Philip Randolph Date(s) Organization and/or Cause Contribution


Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, which fought Discrimination

Harriet Tubman President Abraham Lincoln

18511857 1863

Developed the Underground Railroad President of the United States who issued the Emancipation Proclamation.

His threat to march on Washington to protest discriminatory treatment caused former President Franklin D. Roosevelt to react with new policies on job discrimination. Helped slaves escape to freedom in the North and Canada The Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves in the Confederacy in 1863. The Thirteenth Amendment had abolished slavery nationwide when the Confederacy surrendered in 1865. He was appointed the spokesman for African Americans for the next twenty years. This gained popularity for him among Caucasians Americans because of his accommodating attitude. The NAACP started and educated African Americans in the politics of protest. This ended segregation in public schools. This aided in organizing the Montgomery Improvement

Booker T Washington


Politics of Accommodation is his approach to White Supremacy. He was willing to sacrifice social equality until Caucasians Americans realized African Americans deserved it. Niagara Movement advocated the theory of the talented tenth. Brown v. Board of Education was the beginning of the Civil rights movement. Montgomery Improvement Association. Disobeyed the law

W.E.B. Du Bois Linda Brown Rosa Parks

1905 1954 1955

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Martin Luther King


by refusing to give up her bus seat to a Caucasian American man. Montgomery Improvement Association helped African Americans gain equal rights without the use of violence.

Huey Newton, and Bobby Seale


Organized the Black Panther Party

Association. Non-violent boycotts ended segregated seating on buses. Kings lead marches demanding fair employment, desegregating public facilities and the release of 3,000 African Americans that were arrested for protesting leading to the Twenty-Fourth Amendment. It was created to represent urban Blacks in a political climate that, according to the Panthers, was unresponsive.

Part II
Once you complete the matrix, use the space below to write a 75- to 100-word response describing the role civil disobedience played in the Civil Rights Movement. I believe that civil disobedience played an important role in the Civil Rights Movement. Martin Luther King reignited the use of civil disobedience. Mr. King explained laws that were to be obeyed versus those that were acceptable to disobey. He created a strategy for activist to follow that was non-violent and allowed equality to be achieved through negotiation. Civil disobedience created a forum to the fight evils of discrimination without retaliating with vengeful acts. Civil disobedience paved the way for non-violent a Civil Rights movement.

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