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Appendix A IT/205 Version 11

Associate Program Material


Appendix A

Key Computer Terms CheckPoint


Definitions and Usage of Information Technology Infrastructure Components and Technologies The following terms are examples of information technology infrastructure components and technologies used in business. Research definitions using the Internet. You will write a definition of each term and provide at least two examples of the component or technology. Provide citations and references for all resources. Term Hardware Software Definition Physical parts of a computer system Collection of computer data and instructions References http://www.techter ms.com/definition/h ardware http://www.techter ms.com/definition/s oftware Examples (At least two) Monitor and mouse Applications and scripts

Data management technology

Competences and equipment used to arrange, protect, keep and retrieve information Network creations, design, and use

http://www.busines sdictionary.com/def inition/datamanagementtechnology.html http://searchnetwor king.techtarget.com /definition/networki ng

Data design, data storage, and data security

Networking

Telecommunications Technology services Personal digital assistants Personal computers Servers

Broadcast of signals over long Services that support technology A hand held device used to store and retrieve information Referred to as PC and used on a daily basis A computer that delivers information to other computers

http://www.techter ms.com/definition/t elecommunications http://www.techter ms.com/definition/t echnologyservices http://www.techter ms.com/definition/p da http://www.techter ms.com/definition/p c http://www.techter ms.com/definition/s erver

Computer software for using and managing the network, and the establishment of operation policies and procedures The Internet and cellular phone networks Technical support and systems administration Palm Pilot and Handspring Visor Mac and Window based machines Web servers and mail servers

Appendix A IT/205 Version 11 Supercomputers Secondary storage technology Input devices Output devices An extremely fast and high performing computing machine Storage devices that are not directly connect to the computer and used as secondary backup. Devices that enter information into a computer Devices that generate information from a computer http://www.techter ms.com/definition/s upercomputer http://www.techter ms.com/definition/s econdarystorage http://www.techter ms.com/definition/i nputdevice http://www.techter ms.com/definition/o utputdevice Blue Gene and Road Runner External hard drives and USB flash drives Keyboard and mouse Monitors and speakers