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YP 9/15/13

## ECCENTRICALLY LOADED WELD GROUP ANALYSIS

Measurement Units: Fillet weld size, w = Electrode nominal strength, FEXX = Adjusted for higher-strength electrode, 1FEXX = Weld shear capacity per unit length Allowable strength (ASD) Rn/ = (0.6)1FEXX0.707w/2 = Weld Group Geometry Weld Node 1 Node 2 No. X1 (in) Y1 (in) X2 (in) Y2 (in) 1 5 5 0 5 2 0 5 0 -5 3 0 -5 5 -5 US 0.25 in 70 ksi 70 ksi 3.712 kip/in
This spreadsheet computes available strength of eccentrically loaded weld group under combined action of in faying plane forces and forces normal to the weld group. The forces in the weld elements are calculated using Instantaneous Center of Rotation Method per AISC Steel Design Manual, 13th Edition.

6 6 5

7 6

4 3 2 1 0.000

-2

-4

## Center of rotation Resultant

-6

Weld Group Properties Total Length = 20 in Center of Gravity (C.G.) XC = Moment Ix = 333.333 in^4 1.25 in Y = Inertia Iy = 52.0833 in^4 0 in C

## Instantaneous Center (IC) XIC = -0.48143 in YIC = 4.70425 in

File: 172382876.xls

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Project: Subject:

YP 9/15/13

## ECCENTRICALLY LOADED WELD GROUP ANALYSIS

Concentrated In-Plane Loads Location Angle Value (deg) X (in) Y (in) P (kip) 6.25 0 -150 100 Out-of-Plane Loads Pz = Mx = My = 0 0 0 kip (positive for tension) kip-in (top fibers in tension) kip-in (left fibers in tension)

In-Plane Force Resultants Total force Pu = 100 Px = Pcos(i) = -86.6025 Py = Psin(i) = -50 = -150 Moment about C.G. , MC = -250 Eccentricity e = MC/Pu = -2.5 In-plane Moment Mz = 0 kip-in Analysis Results 1. Shear Capacity under in-Plane loads only IC method of: Pn/ = Elastic method: Pn/ = 70.58 kip 41.07 kip < < 100 100
N.G. N.G.

## kip-in in Xp = Xc+ e*sin() = 2.5 in Yp = Yc-e*cos() = -2.16506 in

Analysis Status
Err:512

2. Demand/Capacity check under combined in-plane and out-of-plane loads (LRFD method only) Consider out of plane Tensile and Compressive Stresses In-plane Normal Total Capacity Critical Weld Element Shear Force Shear coordinates Vn X Y Vxy Vz Vu (in) (in) (kip/in) (kip/in) (kip/in) (kip/in) Err:512 Err:512 Err:512 ### Err:512 Err:512 ### ### Err:512 ### Err:512 ### Err:512 Err:512 Err:512 ### Err:512 Err:512 Err:512 Err:512 Err:512 ### Err:512 Err:512

## D/C Ratio Vu/Vn Err:512 Err:512 Err:512 Err:512

Maximum In-Plane Shear Max/Min Normal Force Maximum Total Shear Maximum Vu/Vn Ratio

File: 172382876.xls

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Project # Page:

ANALYSIS

is spreadsheet computes available ength of eccentrically loaded weld oup under combined action of in ying plane forces and forces normal the weld group. The forces in the ld elements are calculated using tantaneous Center of Rotation thod per AISC Steel Design Manual, th Edition.

6 6 5

7 6

4 3

-2

-4

id

## Center of rotation Resultant

-6

File: 172382876.xls

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Project # Page:

ANALYSIS

Analysis Status

## s (LRFD method only)

Err:512

File: 172382876.xls

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ECCENTRICALLY LOADED WELD GROUP ULTIMATE STRENGTH METHOD, AISC 13th Edition Y Unit-Weld element Px e C.G. (Xc,Yc) mo IC (Xo,Yo) ri Ri (Xi,Yi) XP W X YP INSTANTANEOUS CENTER OF ROTATION METHOD This spreadsheet is using the Instantaneous Center of Rotation Method to determine shear capacity of weld group. This method is described in AISC Steel Construction Manual (13th Edition). Eccentricity produces both a rotation and a translation of one connection element with respect to the other. The combined effect of this rotation and translation is equivalent to a rotation about a point defined as the instantaneous center of rotation (IC) as illustrated in Figure 8-4a. The location of the IC depends upon the geometry of the weld group as well as the direction and point of application of the load. The load deformation relationship for a unit length segment of weld is given by an equation P = 0.6FEXX(1+0.5sin1.5)[p(1.9-0.9p)]0.3 where P = nominal shear strength of the weld segment at a deformation , kips. FEXX = weld electrode strength, ksi. = load angle measured relative to the weld longitudinal axis, degrees. p = ratio of element deformation to its deformation at maximum stress. The nominal shear strength of the weld group is governed by u of the weld segment that first reaches its limit, where u = 1.087w(+6)-0.65 <= 0.7w , where w is the weld leg size, in. The nominal shear strengths of the other unit-length weld segments in the joint can be determined by applying a deformation A that varies linearly with distance from the IC. The nominal shear strength of the weld group is, then, the sum of the individual strengths of all weld segments. Because of the non-linear nature of the requisite iterative solution, for sufficient accuracy, a minimum of twenty weld elements for the longest line segment is generally recommended. The individual resistance of each weld segment is assumed to act on a line perpendicular to a ray passing through the IC and the centroid of that weld segment, as illustrated in Figure 8-4b. If the correct location of the instantaneous center has been selected, the three equations of in-plane static equilibrium ( Fx = 0, Fy = 0, M = 0) will be satisfied. ELASTIC METHOD For a force applied as illustrated in Figure 8-4, the eccentric force, P U is resolved into a force acting through the center of gravity (CG) of the weld group and a moment, P Ue, where e is the eccentricity. Each weld element is then assumed to resist an equal share of the direct shear. PU and a share of the eccentric moment PU proportional to its distance from the CG. The resultant vectorial sum of these forces rU is the required strength for the weld. The shear per linear inch of weld due to the concentric force, r P. is determined as rP = PU/l where lis the total length of the weld in the weld group. To determine the resultant shear per linear inch of weld, rP must be resolved into horizontal component r PX = rPsin and vertical componenet rPY = rPcos The shear per linear inch of weld due to the moment P Ue is rm = PUec/IP where c = radial distance from CG to point in weld group most remote from CG. in. IP = polar moment of inertia of the weld group, in 4 per in2 (IP = Ix + Iy) Horizontal and vertical components of r m are: rmx = PUecy/IP and rmy = PUecx/IP where cx and cy are the horizontal and vertical components of the radial distance c. The resultant force ru = (rpx+rmx) + (rpy+rmy) should be compared against the available strength found in AISC Specifications Table J2.5.

Po

Py

lo

Input Data: Inplane Forces X, Y - coordinates of force vector. - angle between force vector and X-axis measured controclockwise. P - force intensity (P>0). Mz - inplane moment (positive when acting controclockwise). Po - resultant force e - eccentricity to C.G. of weld group Mc = POe - total moment about C.G. Weld shear capacity per unit length:

Spreadsheet Formulas: Continuous weld formulas LW = SQRT((X2-X1)+(Y2-Y1)) - length W=atan2(X2-X1,Y2-Y1) - angle to X-axis Coordinates of center of gravity (C.G.) Xc=SUM(LW*(X1+X2)/2)/SUM(LW) Yc=SUM(LW*(Y1+Y2)/2)/SUM(LW) Coordinates of instantaneous center (IC) Xo = -losin() - mocos() + Xc Yo = locos() - mosin() + Yc Rn = 0.75(0.6)FEXX(0.707w)1 [force/length]

1 - electrode strength adjustment coefficient (see sheet 'Input' for table) Instantaneous Center of Rotation Method Formulas Equlibrium equations: Rsin() + Pusin() = 0 (1) (2) (3) Rcos() + Pucos() = 0 Rlr + Pu(e+lo) = 0 Unit-weld elements formulas = ATAN2(X-Xo,Y-Yo)-/2 = W - e = -(YP-Yc)cos() + (XP-Xc)sin() i = atan((Yi-Yo)/(Xi-Xo)) - /2 Equations variables: Po lo and mo ri = SQRT((Y-Yo)2+(X-Xo)2) u=min(1.087(DEGREES()+6)-0.65w,0.17w) m=0.209(DEGREES()+6)-0.32w rcrit corresponds to min(u/i) i=u(ri/rcrit) p=i/m R=Rn*L(1+0.5*SIN ())[p(1.9-0.9p)]
1.5 0.3

Elastic Method Formulas Ip=1/3*([(Y1-Yc)+(Y1-Yc)(Y2-Yc)+(Y2-Yc)+(X1-Xc)+(X1-Xc)(X2-Xc)+(X2-Xc)]*LW) Ru=MAX(SQRT[(Px/LW-Mc(Y-Yc)/Ip)+(Py/LW+Mc(X-Xc)/Ip))] P = Pu(Rn/Ru) Inplane Force in Unit Length Weld VIn-Plane = Rni(Pu/R)/Li [Force/Length] Rni - Resistance of weld element of length Li (calculated by IC rotation method) Normal Force in Unit Length Weld VNormal=Pz/ LW + Mx(Y-Yc)/Ix - My(X-Xc)/Iy Ix = 1/3 [(Y1-Yc)+(Y1-Yc)(Y2-Yc)+(Y2-Yc)]LW Iy = 1/3 [(X1-Xc)+(X1-Xc)(X2-Xc)+(X2-Xc)]LW LW - Length of weld segment. Total Shear Force in Unit Length Weld Vu = Sqrt(VIn-Plane + VNormal) Capacity of Unit Length Weld Vn =Rult[1+(0.5)SIN1.5()] [Force/Length] [Length]

## Concentrically Loaded Weld Group Elements

Concentrically loaded fillet weld groups must consider the effect of loading angle and deformation compatibility on weld strength. By multiplying the appropriate values of C from Table 81 by the available strength of each weld element, an effective strength is determined for each weld element. The available strength of the weld group can be determined by summing the effective strengths of all of the elements in a weld group. It should be noted that this table is to be entered at the largest load angle on any weld in the weld group. Table 8-1 Coefficents, C for Concentrically Loaded Weld Group Elements Load angle on weld element, deg 0 15 30 45 60 75 90 Largest Load angle on and weld group element, degrees

## 30 0.948 1.06 1.1

15 0.994 0.883

0 1

INSTANTANEOUS CENTER OF ROTATION METHOD This spreadsheet is using the Instantaneous Center of Rotation Method to determine shear capacity of weld group. This method is described in AISC Steel Construction Manual (13th Edition). Eccentricity produces both a rotation and a translation of one connection element with respect to the other. The combined effect of this rotation and translation is equivalent to a rotation about a point defined as the instantaneous center of rotation (IC) as illustrated in Figure 8-4a. The location of the IC depends upon the geometry of the weld group as well as the direction and point of application of the load. The load deformation relationship for a unit length segment of weld is given by an equation P = 0.6FEXX(1+0.5sin1.5)[p(1.9-0.9p)]0.3 where P = nominal shear strength of the weld segment at a deformation , kips. FEXX = weld electrode strength, ksi. = load angle measured relative to the weld longitudinal axis, degrees. p = ratio of element deformation to its deformation at maximum stress. The nominal shear strength of the weld group is governed by u of the weld segment that first reaches its limit, where u = 1.087w(+6)-0.65 <= 0.7w , where w is the weld leg size, in. The nominal shear strengths of the other unit-length weld segments in the joint can be determined by applying a deformation A that varies linearly with distance from the IC. The nominal shear strength of the weld group is, then, the sum of the individual strengths of all weld segments. Because of the non-linear nature of the requisite iterative solution, for sufficient accuracy, a minimum of twenty weld elements for the longest line segment is generally recommended. The individual resistance of each weld segment is assumed to act on a line perpendicular to a ray passing through the IC and the centroid of that weld segment, as illustrated in Figure 8-4b. If the correct location of the instantaneous center has been selected, the three equations of in-plane static equilibrium ( Fx = 0, Fy = 0, M = 0) will be satisfied. ELASTIC METHOD For a force applied as illustrated in Figure 8-4, the eccentric force, P U is resolved into a force acting through the center of gravity (CG) of the weld group and a moment, P Ue, where e is the eccentricity. Each weld element is then assumed to resist an equal share of the direct shear. PU and a share of the eccentric moment PU proportional to its distance from the CG. The resultant vectorial sum of these forces rU is the required strength for the weld. The shear per linear inch of weld due to the concentric force, r P. is determined as rP = PU/l where lis the total length of the weld in the weld group. To determine the resultant shear per linear inch of weld, rP must be resolved into horizontal component r PX = rPsin and vertical componenet rPY = rPcos The shear per linear inch of weld due to the moment P Ue is rm = PUec/IP where c = radial distance from CG to point in weld group most remote from CG. in. IP = polar moment of inertia of the weld group, in 4 per in2 (IP = Ix + Iy) Horizontal and vertical components of r m are: rmx = PUecy/IP and rmy = PUecx/IP where cx and cy are the horizontal and vertical components of the radial distance c. The resultant force ru = (rpx+rmx) + (rpy+rmy) should be compared against the available strength found in AISC Specifications Table J2.5.

an

ment that

## ear per nd vertical

ere cx and

available

Concentric Connection Capacity Largest Load angle on and weld group element = Sum(LC)*Rult= ### degrees ### kip

Table 8-1 Coefficents, C for Concentrically Loaded Weld Group Elements Load angle on weld element, deg 0 15 30 45 60 75 90 Largest Load angle on and weld group element, degrees

## 30 0.948 1.06 1.1

15 0.994 0.883

0 1

Elastic Method Ip = L= C= Cx = Cy =

in^3 in in in in