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Course Outline and Topics

1. Energy in Society and Environment PEC492 Energy in Society / 1.1. 1.2. What is Energy PEC492 Topic 1 / Energy and Life PEC492 Topic 2 / Twidell 1.1.-1.3.3. p. 1-9 / 1.2.1. 1.2.2. 1.3. 1.3.1. 1.3.2.
1.4.

Importance of sustaining life Importance of development Global Energy Scenario Twidell 1.3.4. p. 10-11 / Nepals Energy Scenario

Energy Production and Consumption PEC492 Topic 3 & 4 /

Energy Conversion PEC492 Topic 5 / Twidell 1.4-1.6.3. p. 12-24 / Energy and Environment PEC492 Topic 25 / Non-Renewable Energy Resources Twidell 1.3.1. p. 7 / Energy and the Future PEC492 Topic 26 / Need for Changes 1.8.1. 1.8.2. 1.8.3. Energy Efficiency Twidell 1.3.5. p. 12 / Energy Management Twidell 1.3.5. p. 12 / Renewable Energy Resources Twidell 1.3.1.-1.3.3. p. 7-9 /

1.5.
1.6.

1.7. 1.8.

2.

Renewable Energy Resources PEC522 Renewable Energy Resources / 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. 2.5. 2.6. 2.7. Biomass PEC522 Topic 16 / Twidell 10.1-10.2 p. 324-330 / 11.1.-11.5. p.351-374 / REfile
Biomass

Hydro Energy PEC522 Topic 15 / Twidell 4.1.-4.2. p. 85-110 / REfile Hydro / Solar Energy PEC522 Topic 3-8 / Twidell 8.1.-8.2. p. 1-9 / REfile Sun / Prakash 1.1-1.19.
p.1-45 /

Wind Energy PEC522 Topic 9-12 / Twidell 9.1. p. 263-268 / REfile Wind / Geothermal PEC522 Topic 17 / Twidell 15.1.-15.5. p. 471-487 / REfile Geothermal / Tidal Energy PEC522 Topic 13 / Twidell 13.1.-13.7. p. 429-450 / REfile Tidal / Wave and Ocean Energy PEC522 Topic 14 / Twidell 12.1.-12.6. p. 400-427 / 14.1-14.6.
p.453-469 / REfile Wave / OTEC

3. Renewable Energy Conversion Devices PEC521 Renewable Energy Conversion Devices / 3.1. Hydro Power
Hydro / PEC521 Topic / Twidell 8.1-8.2 p. 237-240 / 8.6.-8.8. p. 252-260 / REfile

3.1.1. 3.1.2. 3.1.3.

Hydro Power Twidell 8.3 p. 240-243 / Micro Hydro Twidell 8.6. p. 252-253 / Hydro Power Turbines Twidell 8.4.-8.6. p. 244-255 /

3.1.3.1. 3.1.3.2. 3.1.3.3.

Pelton Twidell 8.4. p. 244-249 / Francis Twidell 8.5. p. 249-255 / Propeller Twidell 8.5. p. 249-255 /

3.2.

Solar Thermal Systems PEC521 Topic 3-6 / Twidell 5.1.-6.10. p. 115-174 / Prakash 2.1.2.12.4. p. 46-113 / 4. p. 141-163 /

3.2.1. 3.2.2. 3.2.3. 3.2.4. 3.2.5. 3.2.6. 3.2.7. 3.2.8. 3.2.9. 3.3.

Low Temperature Solar Thermal Collector and Systems PEC521 Topic 34 / Twidell 5.1.-5.8 p. 115-141 / REfile Solar Thermal Low / Prakash 4.1.-4.5.2. p. 141-163 /

High Temperature Solar Thermal Collector and Electric Systems


PEC521 Topic 5-6 / Twidell 6.8.-6.10. p. 166-174 / REfile Solar Thermal High / Prakash 3.1.-3.10.6. p. 116-140 /

Solar Air Heater Twidell 6.1.-6.3. p. 146-157 / Prakash 2.7.-2.9. p. 83-94 / Solar Dryer Systems Twidell 6.4. p. 157-166 / Prakash 7.1.-7.5.3. p. 191-214 / Solar Distillation Systems Twidell 6.6. p. 162-164 / Prakash 6.1.-6.7. p. 176-190
/

Solar Cookers Prakash 5.1.-5.4. p. 166-175 / Solar Pond Twidell 6.7. p. 164-166 / Prakash 2.10.-2.10.2. p. 94-97 / Solar Refrigeration Prakash 12.1.-12.5. p. 282-302 / Other Solar Thermal Technologies Applications

Photovoltaic Devices PEC521 Topic 11-14 / Twidell 7.1.-7.10. p. 182-236 / PEC492 Topic
17 / REfile Solar PV / Prakash 17.1.-17.7.3. p. 370-410 /

3.3.1. 3.3.2. 3.3.3. 3.3.4. 3.3.5. 3.3.6. 3.3.7. 3.4.

Introduction PEC521 Topic 11-14 / Twidell 7.1-7.5. p. 182-207 / 7.8.-7.10. p. 220232 /

What is a Solar Cells Solar Cell working Principle Twidell 7.8.-7.10. p. 220-232 / The Performance of a Solar Cell Crystalline Silicon Solar Cell Technology Twidell 7.6.-7.7.4. p. 208-215 / Thin Film Solar Cells Twidell 7.7.5. p. 215-217 / Photovoltaic Concentrator System Twidell 7.7.6. p. 217-220 /

Wind Generator Devices PEC521 Topic 7-10 / Twidell 9.1.-9.10. p. 263-322 / REfile
Wind /

3.4.1. 3.4.2. 3.4.3. 3.4.4. 3.4.5. 3.4.6. 3.5.

Introduction Twidell 9.1. p. 263-268 / Wind Systems Principles of Operation Twidell 9.2.-9.4. p. 268-288 / Wind Systems Aerodynamics Twidell 9.5.-9.7. p. 288-307 / Wind Systems Components and Characteristics Twidell 9.8. p. 307-316 / Wind Systems Applications Twidell 9.9.-9.10 p. 316-318 / Large Wind Generators for grid connection

Energy Storage PEC521 Topic 21-24 / Twidell 16.1.-16.10. p. 489-525 /

3.5.1. 3.5.2. 3.5.3.

Principles of Operation of Energy Storage Batteries PEC521 Topic 21-24 /


Twidell 16.1.-16.5.1. p. 489-505 /

Performance Characteristics of the Lead-Acid Battery Twidell 16.5.-16.5.1.


p. 499-505 /

Other Storage Technologies Twidell 16.5.2.-16.8.4. p. 505-512 /

4. Energy Systems PEC490 Topic 1, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14,15 / 4.1. 4.2. 4.3. 4.4. 4.5. 4.6. 4.7. 4.8. 4.9. Introduction to Energy Systems PEC490 Topic 1 / RAPS (Remote Area Power Supply) Systems PEC490 Topic 5 / REfile RAPS / Electrical Energy Storage PEC490 Topic 9 / Twidell 16.5.-16.5.1. p. 499-505 / Design of Solar PV Systems PEC490 Topic 10 / Twidell 7.9.-7.10. p. 224-232 / REfile
Solar PV /

Solar Thermal Systems PEC490 Topic 15 / REfile Solar Thermal Low / Design of Wind Power Systems PEC490 Topic 11 / REfile Wind / Micro- & Pico-hydro PEC490 Topic 14 / REfile Hydro / Water Pumping Wind and Solar PEC490 Topic 13 / Cogeneration Systems PEC490 Topic 7 /

4.10. Fuel Cells PEC490 Topic 8 / Twidell 16.6. p. 506-507 / REfile Fuel Cells /

5.

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) N420 Environmental Impact Assessment / 5.1. 5.2. Evolution of EIA N420 Topic 1 / The EIA Process N420 Topic 2 / 5.2.1. 5.2.2. 5.2.3. 5.2.4. 5.2.5. 5.2.6. 5.2.7. 5.2.8. 5.2.9. Who is involved in the EIA Process? Screening Organisation Scoping EIA Study and EIS Preparation Public Consultation EIA Review Decision Making Implementation

5.2.10. Impacts Significance 5.2.11. Conclusion 5.3. Objectives and Outcomes of EIA N420 Topic 3 / 5.3.1. Purpose of EIA

5.3.2. 5.3.3. 5.4. 5.4.1. 5.4.2. 5.4.3. 5.4.4. 5.5.

Problems with EIA Implementation Future Challenges EIA Stages and Tasks Impact Assessment (UNEP Model). What is Impact Predication and Identification and Why do we Need to Do it? Techniques for Identifying Impacts

Screening, scoping and Identification of Impacts N420 Topic 10/

Mitigation, Monitoring, Review Report, Decision and Management in the EIA Process N420 Topic 14 / 5.5.1. 5.5.2. 5.5.3. 5.5.4. Mitigation Monitoring EIA Review Report and Decision Making A Management Model of EIA

5.6.

EIA Process in Nepal 5.6.1. EIA History in Nepal 5.6.2. IEE / EIA Legislation in Nepal

5.7.

EIA Case Study from Nepal

6. Renewable Energy System Design PEC523 Renewable Energy Systems Design / 6.1. 6.2. 6.3. 6.4. Renewable Energy Project Development PEC523 Topic 1 / Economic Evaluation of Renewable Energy Systems PEC523 Topic 2 / Design of RAPS Systems Practical Design Issues PEC523 Topic 7 / System Design Simulation Tools 6.4.1. 6.4.2. 6.4.3. 6.4.4. 6.4.5. 6.4.6. Pre-Feasibility Analysis with RETScreen PEC523 Topic 3 / RAPSIM PEC523 Topic 4 / PVSyst 3.41 PVSol 2.2 T*Sol F-Chart Family 6.4.6.1. PVF-Chart (Solar Photovoltaic System Analysis) PEC523 Topic 9
/

6.4.6.2. F-Chart (Thermal Solar Applications) PEC523 Topic 9 / 6.4.7. NREL Software Tools: Hybrid2 1.3 PEC523 Topic 5 / 6.4.8. NREL Software Tools: HOMER 2.19 PEC523 Topic 5 / 6.4.9. NREL Software Tools: ViPOR 9.23 PEC523 Topic 5 /

7. Energy Management PEC494 Energy Management / 7.1. 7.2. 7.3. 7.4. 7.5. 7.6. Energy Management Objectives and Potential PEC494 Topic 1 / Economic Evaluation Principles PEC494 Topic 3 / Energy Audit PEC494 Topic 5 / Energy Management Lighting PEC494 Topic 9 / Energy Management Control Systems PEC494 Topic 14 / Energy Management Programs PEC494 Topic 16 /

8.

Case Studies of Renewable Energy Technologies PEC520 Case Studies of Renewable Energy
Technologies /

8.1. 8.2. 8.3. 8.4. 8.5.

RAPS System Evaluation and Examples PEC520 Topic 5 / Twidell 7.9.-7.10. p. 224232 / REfile RAPS /

Case Study: Village Power Supply/ Large RAPS System PEC520 Topic 6 / International Case Study: Solar PV Home Systems (Sukatani West Java Indonesia) PEC520 Topic 11 / Biomass Conversion Systems PEC520 Topic 9-10 / Rural Village Electrification Systems in Remote and Poor Mountain Areas in Nepal 8.5.1. Humla Central Solar PV Village Electrification Case Study 8.5.2. Humla Cluster Solar PV Village Electrification 8.5.3. Jumla Pico Hydro Village Electrification Case Study 8.5.4. Jumla Small Scale Wind Turbine Electrification Case Study

8.6.

Case Studies Lessons Learned

9. Renewable Energy and Sustainable Development


Sustainable Development /

PEC487 Renewable Energy and

9.1. 9.2. 9.3. 9.4. 9.5. 9.6. 9.7. 9.8.

Energy and Development PEC487 Topic 1 / Twidell 1.2. p. 1-2 / 1.6. p.22-24 / Traditional Energy Sources PEC487 Topic 2 / Conventional Energy Sources PEC487 Topic 3 / Technology Selection and Transfer PEC487 Topic 8 / Markets, Finances and Planning PEC487 Topic 9 / Gender Issues PEC487 Topic 10 / Renewable Energy Case Studies PEC487 Topic 11-12 / Renewable Energy in Rural Communities PEC487 Topic 13 /