You are on page 1of 26
ENGLISH GRAMMAR
ENGLISH
GRAMMAR

BASIC ENGLISH RULES

Subject-Verb Agreement

SINGULAR He, Alex She, Alicia It, The cat , Each is was does THING BODY ONE
SINGULAR
He, Alex
She, Alicia
It, The cat , Each
is
was
does
THING
BODY
ONE
SOME
has
EVERY
eats
ANY
NO
goes
UNITS
takes
ABSTRACT NOUNS
carries
UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS
PHYSICS/MATHS/….
One of the _____S

PLURAL

I (am/was)

ARE

YOU

WERE

WE

DO

THEY

HAVE

ALICE & ALEX

EAT

THE BOYS

CATCH

MY FRIENDS & I

GO

CARRY

PRAY

SINGULAR

FORM

1)

____

S:

bakes, takes, runs

2)

____

ES:

teaches, pushes, discusses,

goes (_CH,_SH,_SS,_O)

3)

___

IES:

carries, tries, flies

(before ‘y’, there’s a consonant)

BUT buys, lays, says because (before ‘y’, there is a vowel)

AIDAR KKB ‘07

VERB

REGULAR

IRREGULAR

 

: baked

d

__

 

robbed, stopped,

talked, walked

?ed:

ed:

__

__

: carried, tried

 

hugged, spotted

Present Past Past Part

put

put

put

bring

brought

brought

come

came

come

write

wrote

written

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009 22

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009

EXPLANATIONS OF ENGLISH FORMULAS

1. TO + root word

 

2.

DO, DOES, DID (not) + root word

 
 

Examples:

 

Examples:

   

We go to the market to buy some fruits. Alicia goes to school to study.

 

She doesn’t love me anymore. I did mention this idea to him.

AIDAR KKB ‘07

AIDAR KKB ‘07

3.

Modal (not) + root word

4. HAS, HAVE, HAD (not) + Past participle

 

Modals = will, would, can, could, may, might, shall (I & WE), should, must

Examples:

Examples:

She hasn’t done her homework. They have eaten their pies.

 

I must study hard to achieve my goal. We shall not go to the circus tomorrow.

   

AIDAR KKB ‘07

 

AIDAR KKB ‘07

5. BEING + past participle (p.part)

6. AM , IS , ARE, WAS, WERE

 

(not) +

_____

ING

@

_____p.part

 

Examples:

 

The cake is being eaten by the baby. Ariff was being robbed by a thief

Examples:

yesterday.

She is studying in her room. Fikry was talking to his wife on the phone.

 

The apple was eaten by Snow White. Taj Mahal was built by Shah Jahan for his queen.

 
 

AIDAR KKB ‘07

AIDAR KKB ‘07

EXPLANATIONS OF ENGLISH FORMULAS 1. TO + root word 2. DO, DOES, DID (not) + root

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009 24

7. BE + _____

ING

@

8. BEEN + _____

ING

@

_____

p.

part

   

p.part

 

Examples:

Examples:

Datuk K must be waiting for Siti Nurhaliza for such a long time

 

I have been waiting for you for 2 hours. Amin has been scolded by the teacher.

 

The students will be punished after they break the rules

 

AIDAR KKB ‘07

   

AIDAR KKB ‘07

9. Preposition +

 

ING

___________

+

ING

Prepositions: in, of, on, by, after, before,

 

ENJOY

KEEP

AVOID

STOP

FINISH

when, while, without etc.

SUGGEST

GO

QUIT

MIND

 

APPRECIATE

CONSIDER

DISCUSS

 

Examples:

MENTION

  • I thought of making some biscuits.

 

Examples:

Alisya is interested in improving her personality.

Syahid enjoys reading. Keep doing your excellent job

 
 

AIDAR KKB ‘07

 

AIDAR KKB ‘07

SENSES

 

12.

USED TO

+

ING

   

root word

 

11. SEE, NOTICE, HEAR, FEEL, SPOT, CATCH, WATCH, LOOK AT, OBSERVE, SMELL, LISTEN TO +

Examples:

ING

word

I am used to having her around to help me. Anis was used to have me to assist her.

 
  • I see the baby crying (at that time only)

   
  • I see the baby cry (habitual action)

  • I noticed the monkey smile at us

 
 

AIDAR KKB ‘07

 

AIDAR KKB ‘07

7. BE + _____ ING @ 8. BEEN + _____ ING @ _____ p. part p.part

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009 25

13. LIKE, LOVE, HATE, PREFER,

 

14. LET, MAKE, HAVE, HELP

 

REMEMBER, FORGET,

 

NEED

+

CONTINUE, TRY, START, BEGIN,

ME / HER / HIM / THEM / US

 

STOP +

ING

+ root word

+ _______

TO

+ root word

 
 

Examples:

Examples:

Let her go !!

My best friend loves camping in the woods. Susan starts to take her medicine.

Irfan helps Natasya do her household chores.

 
 

AIDAR KKB ‘07

 
   

AIDAR KKB ‘07

15.

 

Looking forward to Accustomed to

ING

 

THINGS ARE DIFFICULT BEFORE THEY ARE EASY,

 

Opposed to + _______

 

Object to In addition to

IF YOU HOLD ON FOR ONE MORE DAY,

 

Examples:

 

I am looking forward to hearing from you soon.

 

THINGS WILL GO YOUR WAY.

 
   

-aidar-

 

AIDAR KKB ‘07

 

AIDAR KKB ‘07

EXERCISE:

Using the formulas given, write your own sentences.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

ENGLISH TENSES

 

PAST

PRESENT

FUTURE

 

Regular Verb

Singular

SHALL / WILL

SIMPLE

: D/ED ______

: s/es _____

(NOT) +

Irregular Verb: please

Plural : ______

root word

memorize !

 

WAS / WERE (NOT) +

AM / IS / ARE

SHALL / WILL

CONTINUOU

ING

(NOT) +

(NOT) + BE

S

ING

ING

PERFECT

HAD (NOT) + past participle

HAS / HAVE (NOT) + past participle

SHALL / WILL (NOT) + HAVE + past participle

9 Basic Tenses

SIMPLE : D/ED ______ : s/es _____ (NOT) + Irregular Verb: please Plural : ______ root
  • 1. Simple Past Tense

:

yesterday.

  • 2. Simple Present Tense

:

  • 3. Simple Future Tense

:

My mother cooked delicious spaghetti

She cooks rice everyday.

My cousin will go to Japan next week.

  • 4. Past Continuous Tense: I was reading when he came in.

  • 5. Present Continuous Tense:

  • 6. Future Continuous Tense: leave her.

He is leaving for India tonight.

Her sister will be crying when the parents

  • 7. Past Perfect Tense born.

:

You had driven the car before she was

  • 8. Present Perfect Tense

:

We have lived at KKB for 5 years.

  • 9. Future Perfect Tense tomorrow.

:

You will have understood all rules by

SIMPLE : D/ED ______ : s/es _____ (NOT) + Irregular Verb: please Plural : ______ root
SIMPLE : D/ED ______ : s/es _____ (NOT) + Irregular Verb: please Plural : ______ root
SIMPLE : D/ED ______ : s/es _____ (NOT) + Irregular Verb: please Plural : ______ root

1. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009 27

It is used to

  • a) show what happens now

  • b) express general truth

  • c) indicate habitual action

  • d) indicate future time

ex: I work now.

ex: Kuala Lumpur is the capital of Malaysia.

ex: He writes every day.

ex: My plane leaves tomorrow.

EXERCISE:

Singular :

s/es

: ________

Plural

It is used to a) show what happens now b) express general truth c) indicate habitual
  • 1. The nurse

_____________________

care of the child. (take)

  • 2. Businessmen

__________

no time for sports. (have)

  • 3. My mother

______________

at the goat. (shout)

4.

5.

They soon

_________________

rich. (become)

Everyone

__________

at him when he

____________.

(look, sing)

  • 6. A good teacher

_____________

to understand his students. (try)

  • 7. a sentence with a full stop. (end)

You

_____________

  • 8. The old man always

__________

on the bench near the tree. (sit)

  • 9. good. (seem)

Everything

___________

  • 10. One of his sons

____________

to be an engineer. (wish)

  • 11. a lot of money every year. (lose)

The firm

__________

  • 12. The driver of the bus

_______________

right at that junction (turn)

  • 13. Advertising

____________

in various forms. (occur)

  • 14. People in the country

_______

which grain is good. (know)

  • 15. Each villager

___________

(own) a paddy plot.

  • 16. more than one house. (have)

Some of them ________

  • 17. that you are wrong. (feel)

I

__________

It is used to a) show what happens now b) express general truth c) indicate habitual
  • 18. Each year the people represent them. (make)

____________

sure they elect the right person to

  • 19. students to enhance their knowledge. (enable)

Reading

______________

20.Extra-mural activities

____________________

at six o’clock (end)

EXERCISE:

Write your own sentences using the format given.

1.

2.

2. SIMPLE PAST TENSE

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009

28

It is used to show what happened at a fixed time in the past but did not continue in the present.

Ex:

I wrote the report yesterday I used to like History

REGULAR VERBS IRREGULAR VERBS verbs….

=

=

D/ED.

____________ ……please memorize those

It is used to show what happened at a fixed time in the past but did

EXERCISE:

  • 1. His father

_____________

in the same village for many years. (live)

  • 2. The children

_____________

up to be strong and healthy. (grow)

  • 3. The big tree

______________

across the road. (fall)

  • 4. The students teacher. (show)

______________

their masterpiece yesterday to the

  • 5. very excited on hearing the news. (feel)

Alisya

_____________

  • 6. the news over the radio. (hear)

We

___________

  • 7. The secretary

_______________

the minutes of the meeting. (type)

  • 8. The robbers

__________

twenty watches from the jeweller’s shop. (steal)

  • 9. good but not anymore now. ( seem)

Everything

___________

  • 10. over the chair and

The cat

___________

break)

___________

the vase. (jump,

  • 11. working as a stewardess since 1986 . (start)

I

___________

  • 12. The beggar

_________________

on the pavement. (sleep)

  • 13. Those audience make)

____________

when the joke

______

silly jokes. (laugh,

  • 14. Jack and Jill (have)

_______________

no time to finish my exercise last week.

  • 15. Two years ago, Prof Iverson

________

English at the college. (teach)

Aliana

  • 16. a few drops of perfume on her wrist. (dab)

_____________

  • 17. some interesting places during holidays. (visit)

My family

___________

Shirley

  • 18. over the fence and

__________

_____

  • 19. on her beautiful dress. (put)

Wendy

_________

her leg. (jump, break)

  • 20. his teachers before he

Ariff

_________ (meet, leave)

__________

for Australia.

It is used to show what happened at a fixed time in the past but did
29
29

3. SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009

It is used to show what will happen in the future.

Ex:

Annie will eat the fruits later. We shall meet him next week.

SHALL / WILL (NOT) + root word

EXERCISE:

Note:

SHALL’ is used only for ‘I’ and ‘WE

  • 1. The farmers

the new paddy next season. (plant)

  • 2. A student

to his teacher for guidance. (find)

  • 3. wait for you at the bus station. (wait)

I

 
  • 4. Ally and Zack

together this afternoon. (play)

  • 5. to our teachers when they are teaching us in class. (listen)

We

  • 6. Everything

all right after the problems are settled. (be)

  • 7. The poor folk (appreciate, receive)

the presents they

tomorrow.

  • 8. to class even though she is sick. (go)

Alisa

______________

  • 9. married after my parents tell me so. (get)

I

  • 10. to see our principal early next week. (hope)

We

  • 11. The scouts

the rubbish behind their camp today. (burn)

  • 12. The firm

those goods from Europe. (buy)

  • 13. The politician

an election speech this evening. (give)

  • 14. enough time to finish my exercises by tomorrow. (have)

I

  • 15. our clothes ourselves. (wash)

We

 

EXERCISE:

Write your own sentences using the format given.

1.

2.

It is used to show what will happen in the future. Ex: Annie will eat the

4. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009

30

It is used to show a) an event that is going on right now.

 
It is used to show a) an event that is going on right now.
 

Ex:

Louis is building a robot in the garage.

b) an event that is going to happen in the future.

 

Ex:

I am going to Russia tonight.

 
   

EXERCISE:

 

1.

The kids

at the new kites in the sky now. (look)

2.

The fishermen

out to sea tonight. (go)

 

3.

A man

to inform the police about the accidents. (run)

4.

I

the exercise. (do)

5.

We

to Penang by train next Monday. (leave)

6.

The sentry

the road opposite the gate. (face)

7.

The baby

for milk. (cry)

8.

The politician

an election speech this evening. (give)

9.

My neighbour

the rubbish behind his house today. (bury)

10.

The company

those goods from Asean countries. (buy)

11.

She

butterflies for my sister (catch)

 

12.

You

for trouble by driving without a licence. (ask)

13.

The patient

to the doctor. (talk)

 

14.

My whole family

to go to New Zealand next week. (plan)

15.

They

their house at a low price. (sell)

 

16.

Please wait few a while. My father

his bath. (have)

17.

Look ! Your sister

home from the library. (walk)

18.

Listen ! The clock

now. (strike)

19.

Can I borrow your pen or

you

 

it now?(use)

20.We

 
20.We

EXERCISE:

Write your own sentences using the format given.

 

1.

2.

 

5. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009

31

It is used to show an event that was going on when something else happened.

Ex:

I was rowing swiftly when their oars broke.

 

1 st event

2 nd event

   

WAS / WERE (NOT) +

ING

EXERCISE:

It is used to show an event that was going on when something else happened. Ex:

1.

Rachel stormed into the room. (do)

 

this exercise just now when Ms Sani

2.

Thum and Kabilan

______________

badminton when the bell rang. (play)

3.

The water

__________________

when I went into the kitchen. (boil)

4.

Fashirul

__________________

his sports car at the top speed. (drive)

5.

Maryam

towards the library when it began to rain. (walk)

6.

The pilot

speed of about 3000m.p.h when the plane

crashed. (fly)

7.

Hidayat and Omar morning. (sell)

durians by the road side that

8.

Daniel _______________

his

homework when Jason came in. (do)

9.

Susan

on the blackboard just now, wasn’t she? (write)

10.

Gowri

when I came to her house last night?

11.

The farmers (harvest)

their crops when the minister visited them.

12.

The water level at Locust Road

___________

last night. (rise)

13.

Venny

that magazine before she went to bed last

night. (read)

14.

While Zul

,

he

(sing, dance)

15.

What

they

EXERCISE:

 
It is used to show an event that was going on when something else happened. Ex:

Write your own sentences using the format given.

1.

2.

6. FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009

32

It is used to show an event that will be going on when something else happens.

Ex:

The guard will be sleeping when we sneak up on him.

1 st event

2 nd event

SHALL / WILL (NOT) BE + _______ ING
SHALL / WILL (NOT)
BE +
_______
ING

EXERCISE:

It is used to show an event that will be going on when something else happens.
  • 1. this exercise tomorrow. (do)
    2. to dinner tonight. (come)

I

_________________

Uncle Amir

_____________________

  • 3. The visitors

_________________

the Foreign Minister later. (call on)

  • 4. Sue

______

______________

to the seaside again this weekend? (go)

  • 5. The high school students

the latest dance at the Ball.

________________

(dance)

  • 6. you

___________

________________

over later? (come)

  • 7. by this way again and buy the keys. (pass)

We

________________

  • 8. Hema

____________ hospital? (teach)

_______________

again after she returns from

  • 9. by the time you reach Kuala Lumpur. (sleep)

We

________________

  • 10. it __________________

_______

when they arrive in Chicago?(snow)

  • 11. Sarah ______________________

up

for you all night. (not sit)

  • 12. you at the usual time. (meet)

I

___________________

  • 13. Do you think it

still

at 6 p.m? (rain)

_____________ to climb Everest Mountain next

___________

  • 14. The adventurous men year. (try)

_______________

  • 15. Chan and Yip (ride)

their new scooters to town next week.

_______________

It is used to show an event that will be going on when something else happens.

EXERCISE:

Write your own sentences using the format given.

1.

2.

7. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

It is used to show an event that will be going on when something else happens.

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009

33

It is used to show

a) what has happened in the past and continues in the present.

Ex:

I have lived in this house for 7 years.

b) what happened in the past, but no particular time

 

ex:

EXERCISE:

1.

I

2.

The villagers

3.

4.

The old man

5.

They

6.

7.

They

8.

9.

The cat has moaned for ten minutes in the rain.

HAS / HAVE (NOT) + participle

_______

past

him the letter I received. (show)

____________________

enough vegetables for themselves. (grow)

(arrive)

_____________

The important letter

_________________.

to visit his daughter. (come)

______________

It is used to show a) what has happened in the past and continues in the

several cups of coffee since 10 o’clock. (drink)

______________

The government

teachers to work in rural areas. (send)

_____________

for permission to grow maize in the new area. (apply)

to work in town. (go) for many years. (exist) many times before. (happen)

_______________

_________

The young people of my village

This brand of milk

_____________________

_________________

  • 10. This fatal accident

  • 11. The headmaster _________________

’yes’

to our suggestions. (say)

  • 12. The employees

_________________

only two days this months. (work)

  • 13. Nadia and Aza

many attempts to get jobs in the

  • 14. Orphans

very lonely sometimes. (feel)

  • 15. Mr. Wilson

Geography in that school for many

EXERCISE:

Write your own sentences using the format given.

1.

2.

8. PAST PERFECT TENSE

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009

34

It is used to show an action in the past that happened before another event in the past.

Ex:

The boys had stopped cycling before the truck knocked it down.

1 st event

2 nd event

EXERCISE:

HAD (NOT) + past participle

It is used to show an action in the past that happened before another event in
  • 1. Miss Sherry ________________ post office. (go)

to the market before she went to the

  • 2. The headmistress (mention)

________________

this to the staff early last week.

  • 3. The detective

a suspicious person near the shop. (see)

  • 4. The villagers

success with this type of seed. (achieve)

  • 5. The price of pens

_______________

before I bought some. (increase)

  • 6. The workers

an increase in wages before they went on

strike. (demand)

  • 7. The history of Napoleon (influence)

______________

Hitler during his boyhood.

  • 8. The British earlier. (introduce)

_______________

a new system of tax collection 20 years

  • 9. The lazy employee dismissed. (cause)

_______________

much trouble before he was

  • 10. The millionaire

___________________

before he died. (tell)

his sons what he was going to do

  • 11. After the soldiers

______________

their lunch, they left for the enemy

area. (have)

  • 12. The fishermen set out to sea after the moon

  • 13. Faza came to see me after he

(rise)

_____________ his essay. (finish)

______________

  • 14. He ____________________ see him. (decide)

to buy a new car before the salesman came to

  • 15. The postman

on his round earlier that day as he

___________________ wanted to be back at the Post Office early. (go) EXERCISE:

Write your own sentence using the format given.

1.

9. FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

It is used to show an action in the past that happened before another event in

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009

35

It is used to show something that has not yet been done but that will be done before a set of time in the future ..

It is used to show something that has not yet been done but that will be
 

Ex:

EXERCISE:

1.

Ms. Marlina

(buy)

2.

The farmer

3.

The students (sit)

4.

5.

6.

7.

Scientists

(discover)

8.

9.

Steve will have completed the drawings by tomorrow.

SHALL / WILL (NOT) HAVE + past participle

It is used to show something that has not yet been done but that will be

a new bicycle by the end of this month.

his harvest to the rice mill by

for their SPM by December.

bigger.

__________________

____________________ January. (sell)

________________________

By the time ambulance arrives, the crowd (grow)

_________________

In ten years’ time, you

that person. (meet)

_____________________

The firefighters

out the fire by tonight. (put)

___________________

a new fuel by the end of this century.

_________________

By the end of next year, Sally

for her PMR (sit) chief

___________________

By the time my father retires from this firm, he

____________

clerk. (become)

  • 10. Ms. Ellyana

____________________

the rice in half in hour. (cook)

  • 11. By the time Qushairy arrives at the station, the train (leave).

__________________

  • 12. The paddy

________________

  • 13. The rain

by the time the rainy season ends. (go)

It is used to show something that has not yet been done but that will be

by 10 p.m tonight. (stop) the result of our examination by

________________________

____________________________

  • 14. We next week. (know)

  • 15. The secretary

the letter by the time the

_______________________ manager returns. (write)

PASSIVE CONSTRUCTIONS

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009

36

 

PAST

PRESENT

FUTURE

SIMPLE

WAS / WERE (NOT)

AM / IS / ARE (NOT)

SHALL / WILL (NOT) + BE

+ past participle

+ past participle

+past participle

CONTINUOUS

WAS / WERE (NOT) + BEING + past participle

AM / IS / ARE (NOT) + BEING + past participle

_

PERFECT

HAD (NOT) + BEEN + past participle

HAS / HAVE (NOT) + BEEN + past participle

SHALL / WILL (NOT) + HAVE BEEN + past participle

MODAL

Modal (NOT) + BE + past participle

Modal = will, would, shall, should, can, could, may, might, must, ought to.

PAST PRESENT FUTURE SIMPLE WAS / WERE (NOT) AM / IS / ARE (NOT) SHALL /
The Passive Voice is used when we do not know who the ‘doer’ of the action
The Passive Voice is used when we do not know who the
‘doer’ of the action is. We form the verb in the passive
sentence with ‘to be’ + the past participle.
eg: The robbers were seized.
I was born on Dec 23.
The ‘doer’ of the action is mentioned in a passive sentence
when we want to make the sense complete.
eg: The fish is being eaten by the cat

PASSIVE CONSTRUCTIONS

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009 37

ACTIVE

PASSIVE

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009 38

SIMPLE

Eddy eats the pie.

The pie is eaten by Eddy.

PRESENT

 

TENSE

The policemen catch the robbers.

The robbers are caught by the

policemen.

SIMPLE PAST

Eddy ate the pie.

The pie was eaten by Eddy.

TENSE

The policemen caught the robbers.

The robbers were caught by the

policemen.

SIMPLE

Eddy will eat the pie.

The pie will be eaten by Eddy.

FUTURE

 

TENSE

The policemen will catch the robbers.

The robbers will be caught by the

policemen.

PRESENT

Eddy is eating the pie.

The pie is being eaten by Eddy.

CONTINUOUS

 

TENSE

The policemen are catching the

The robbers are being caught by the

robbers.

policemen.

PAST

Eddy was eating the pie.

The pie was being eaten by Eddy.

CONTINUOUS

 

TENSE

The policemen were catching the

The robbers were being caught by the

robbers.

policemen.

FUTURE

Eddy will be eating the pie.

CONTINUOUS

 

None

TENSE

The policemen will be catching the robbers.

PRESENT

Eddy has eaten the pie.

The pie has been eaten by Eddy.

PERFECT

 

TENSE

The policemen have caught the

The robbers have been caught by the

robbers.

policemen.

PAST

Eddy had eaten the pie.

The pie had been eaten by Eddy.

PERFECT

 

TENSE

The policemen had caught the robbers.

The robbers had been caught by the

policemen.

FUTURE

Eddy will have eaten the pie.

The pie will have been eaten by Eddy.

PERFECT

 

TENSE

The policemen will have caught the

The robbers will have been caught by

robbers.

the policemen.

 

Eddy should eat the pie.

The pie should be eaten by Eddy.

MODAL

The robbers must have caught by the

The policemen must catch the robbers.

policemen.

EXERCISE A

Put the verbs in brackets into the Passive Voice. Use ‘is’ or ‘are’ + past participle.

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009 39

e.g: Quinine is obtained from the cinchona tree.

IS / ARE (NOT) +

past participle

1.

2.

A lot of rice ____________________

The knife _______________________

______________________

(grow)

(make)

in Thailand.

of steel.

e.g: Quinine is obtained from the cinchona tree. IS / ARE (NOT) + past participle 1.
  • 3. Flowers

  • 4. Rice

(sell) in that shop.

(cook) in water.

____________________________

  • 5. Biscuits ______________________

  • 6. That gate

_____________________

  • 7. Butter

________________________

  • 8. Bananas

______________________

(pack) in tins.

(lock) every night. (use) in these cakes.

(not grow) from seeds.

  • 9. The silver cups and dishes _____________________

(polish) every morning.

  • 10. The grass in our school field

  • 11. Examinations

(cut) every fortnight.

_____________________ (usually hold) one a year.

_________________________
12. (often find) near rubbish dumps.

Flies

____________________________

  • 13. A lot of coal

__________________________

  • 14. Brushes

_____________________________

  • 15. Brightly-coloured flowers

________________

(mine) in this area. (use) for painting. (usually pollinate) by insects.

EXERCISE:

Write your own sentences using the format given.

1.

2.

e.g: Quinine is obtained from the cinchona tree. IS / ARE (NOT) + past participle 1.

EXERCISE B

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009 40

Put the verbs in brackets into the Passive Voice. Use ‘was’ or ‘were’ + past participle.

e.g: My father’s car was stolen a week ago.

  • 1. My watch

____________________________

  • 2. The bridge

___________________________

Put the verbs in brackets into the Passive Voice. Use ‘was’ or ‘were’ + past participle

(repair) yesterday. (build) in 1973.

  • 3. The tin ___________________________

(turn)

  • 4. Your shoes ________________________

(find)

upside down.

 

under your bed.

  • 5. His father ___________________________ week.

(injure)

in the car crash last

  • 6. The book ____________________________

(print)

  • 7. The tree

(cut) down and

in 1969. (chop) up for firewood.

_________

  • 8. The garden

_____________

(not weed) and the plants

(not water)

  • 9. (knock) down by a lorry. In a short while, he

He

_______________

  • 10. I don’t know what happened. There’s a bump on my head. I think I _________________

(hit) from behind.

  • 11. They took me to the police- station where I

_______________

(ask) many

questions, but I could not answer any of them. After an hour, I ____________ (tell) to could go home.

  • 12. The third goal

(score) just after half-time. A few minutes

 

(injure) and they ___________

______

(carry)

out of the field.

  • 13. Our team

players

___________________

(badly beat) yesterday. I suppose all our (teach) a good lesson.

  • 14. (tell) what to do at the meeting. After the meeting,

We

we

(also give) a lot of written instructions.

  • 15. There was nothing also to do here. The plates

(wash); the

room

(empty).

EXERCISE:

Write your own sentences using the format given.

1.

2.

EXERCISE C

Put the verbs in brackets into the Passive Voice. Use ‘was’ or ‘were’ + past participle

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009 41

Rewrite the sentences in the Passive Voice. Use ‘has been’ or ‘have been’ + past participle. Leave out the words in bold.

e.g:

Somebody has already torn this book

This book has already been torn.

  • 1. Somebody has just rung the bell.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

Rewrite the sentences in the Passive Voice. Use ‘has been’ or ‘have been’ + past participle
  • 2. Somebody has already wiped off the mud.

…………………………………………………………………………………….……………

  • 3. Somebody has already taken those boxes away.

………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  • 4. Somebody has lighted the candles.

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  • 5. Somebody has stolen a statue from the museum.

………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  • 6. The judge has sentenced the thieves to hard labour.

……………………………………………………………………………………………….

  • 7. No one has ever beaten me at tennis. (Begin with ‘I’) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….

..

  • 8. No one has washed the cups and glasses yet.

Rewrite the sentences in the Passive Voice. Use ‘has been’ or ‘have been’ + past participle

………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  • 9. Nobody has told her the sad news yet.

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  • 10. Mr. Brown is happy. Someone has found his son.

………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  • 11. The plants are dying. Nobody has watered them for a very long time.

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  • 12. You can’t blame them for these mistakes. No one has taught them to do these sums.

……………………………………………………………………………………….……….

  • 13. Somebody has already washed the car but no one has polished it yet.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

  • 14. Somebody has put up the wrong flag but no one has taken it down.

………………………………………………………………….…………………………… 15. People have already repaired the bridge but they have not allowed any traffic

across it. ………………………………………………………..……………………………………

EXERCISE D

Rewrite the sentences in the Passive Voice. Use the different forms of

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009 42

be’ + past participle. Leave out the words in bold.

e.g:

People make butter from milk. Butter is made from milk.

  • 1. We can find ants’ nests in the ground.

  • 2. Someone tore the cover of the book.

  • 3. They built that house in a month.

  • 4. Somebody is cooking the food now.

  • 5. Nobody threw the rubbish away.

  • 6. Did anyone tell them the news?

  • 7. People can buy eggs from that stall.

  • 8. Someone saw you at the cinema last night.

  • 9. They will send him to prison.

‘ be’ + past participle . Leave out the words in bold. e.g: People make butter
  • 10. Can’t you see the sign? People must not park along this road.

  • 11. People us rubber for making many things.

  • 12. People can buy the tickets at the Grand Shoe Shop or at the Central Supermarket.

‘ be’ + past participle . Leave out the words in bold. e.g: People make butter
  • 13. People painted the hall white and decorated it with fairy lights.

  • 14. They could not catch the robbers although they set up road-blocks at various roads.

  • 15. They will not send the books to you this week. They are still packing them.

EXERCISE:

Write your own sentences using the format given.

1.

2.

EXERCISE E

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009 43

Change these sentences into the Passive Voice. You must leave out the words in bold.

Change these sentences into the Passive Voice. You must leave out the words in bold. Eg:

Eg:

Did anyone meet you at the airport? Were you met at the airport?

Nobody met me at the airport. I was not met at the airport.

  • 1. People build houses of bricks and cement.

  • 2. People eat rice in Asia.

  • 3. Someone found your key in the field yesterday.

  • 4. That town is now in ruins. Someone bombed it during the 2 nd World War.

  • 5. Someone has invited me to dinner. (Begin with ‘I’)

  • 6. They did not repair my watch yesterday.

  • 7. We have nothing to do. Someone has done everything.

  • 8. Someone has asked a lot of questions about you.

  • 9. No wonder it’s cold. Nobody has shut the window yet.

Change these sentences into the Passive Voice. You must leave out the words in bold. Eg:
  • 10. Paul has every reason to be proud. They have made him the school captain.

  • 11. They gave me this typewriter for my birthday. People made it in Italy. (Begin with ‘I’)

  • 12. People could hear the explosion many miles away.

  • 13. I still go about on my bicycle. They have not repaired my car yet. They told me it would be ready soon.

  • 14. Did they ask you many questions at the police-station? (Begin with ‘I’)

  • 15. I don’t believe we have met; at least no one has introduced us yet. (Use ‘we’ in the passive.

EXERCICE F

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009 44

Change these sentences into the Passive Voice. You must mention the ‘doers’ of the actions.

e.g:

The wind blew down the trees. The tree was blown down by the wind.

She will guide you in your work. You will be guided in your work by her.

  • 1. The Minister will open our new school extension next week.

  • 2. The workers have just repaired the road.

  • 3. A car has knocked down our dog

  • 4. The fire was so great that the firemen could not put it out.

  • 5. The crickets make these noises.

Change these sentences into the Passive Voice. You must mention the ‘doers’ of the actions. e.g:
  • 6. Bookworms often eat up our books in that cupboard.

  • 7. My friend in Hong Kong sent both postcards to me.

  • 8. The head master praised the boy for his diligence and determination.

  • 9. The flood had washed away the wooden bridge,

    • 10. The salesgirl is showing him a green shirt.

    • 11. A panther clawed and wounded him.

    • 12. The servant was washing the cups and dishes this morning.

    • 13. He was playing a piece of music which Bach composed.

    • 14. Thunders always follow a flash of lightning during a thunderstorm.

Change these sentences into the Passive Voice. You must mention the ‘doers’ of the actions. e.g:
  • 15. The police recaptured the escaped prisoner after they shot and wounded him.

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009 45

RESOURCES E². English Unit: MRSM Kuala Kubu Bharu. 2006 Edition E². English Unit: MRSM Kuala Kubu
RESOURCES
E². English Unit: MRSM Kuala Kubu Bharu. 2006 Edition
E². English Unit: MRSM Kuala Kubu Bharu. 2007 Edition
E². English Unit: MRSM Kuala Kubu Bharu. 2008 Edition
Sung, Abraham. 170 More English Essays. Minerva: Batu Caves. 2005

Vasanthy, K.N. and Leela Chakrabarty. Extreme A SPM Buster. Sasbadi: Petaling Jaya. 2006

Ewe, Jill and R. Devika Rani. Jaring Ilmu & Teknik SPM Bahasa Inggeris. Longman: Ipoh. 2001

RESOURCES E². English Unit: MRSM Kuala Kubu Bharu. 2006 Edition E². English Unit: MRSM Kuala Kubu
RESOURCES E². English Unit: MRSM Kuala Kubu Bharu. 2006 Edition E². English Unit: MRSM Kuala Kubu
RESOURCES E². English Unit: MRSM Kuala Kubu Bharu. 2006 Edition E². English Unit: MRSM Kuala Kubu

Form 3 E² Book – MRSMKKB 2009 46

RESOURCES E². English Unit: MRSM Kuala Kubu Bharu. 2006 Edition E². English Unit: MRSM Kuala Kubu