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STRUCTURES, USES AND CLUE WORDS FOR ALL THE TWELVE TENSES Name of Clue Words/ Time Structure

Uses Examples the Tense Indication


1. Habitual Actions 1. Simple Present Tense S+V1 (+s/ es)+O 2. Universal Truth 3. Planned Future Actions He goes to college at 8 'O' clock daily. The Sun rises in the East. The CM visits Kadapa next Sunday. Usually, generally, always, frequently, rarely, often, never, some times every day/ week/ month/ year etc.

2. Simple Past Tense

S+V2+O

An action that completed at He came to some time in the my house past. yesterday.

Yesterday, last week/ month/ year, Ago once, At that time.

An action which will take place at We shall go 3. Simple S+will/ some time in Tomorrow, Next to picnic next Future Tense shall+V1+O future. week/ month/ Year Sunday. An action which is going on at the time of speaking or during the present time.

4.Present Continuous Tense

S+am/ is/ are+V4+O

They are preparing for Now, At present, DSC now. Look!, Listen, don't I am teaching disturb etc. tenses now.

STRUCTURES, USES AND CLUE WORDS FOR ALL THE TWELVE TENSES
Name of the Tense Structure Uses An action which was going on at some time in the Past. Examples They were playing cricket yesterday afternoon. When I saw him he was waiting for the bus. I will be waiting for you at the station at 7 'O' clock tomorrow morning. Clue Words/ Time Indication

5. Past S+was/ Continuous were+V4+O Tense

V2 + when/ while

An action which will be going on at 6. Future S+will/ some time in Continuous shall+be+V4+O Future. Tense

At this time+tomorrow/ next week/ next month/ next year

An action which is just completed. An action which completed in the past but its time is not given/ not known/ not important He has just gone out. I have seen you somewhere before. Just, just now, already, so far, till now, recently, lately, yet, ever.

7.Present Perfect Tense

S+have/ has+V3+O

8. Past Perfect Tense

S+had+V3+O

An action that had completed The train had before another already left V2+when/ Before/ action in the when we After/ as soon as/ past. reached the that station. Simple Past Tense.

STRUCTURES, USES AND CLUE WORDS FOR ALL THE TWELVE TENSES
Name of the Tense Structure Uses An action that will be completed by certain time in future. Examples Clue Words/ Time Indication By + tomorrow/ Next week/ month/ year

9. Future Perfect Tense

S+will/ shall+have+V3+O

I will have seen that movie by this time tomorrow.

10. Present S+have/ Perfect has+been+V4+O Continuous

An action that started at some time in the past and is still going on.

We have been living in Since/ for, Hyderabad for How long the past five years.

An action which started at some time in the past and had been in 11. Past progress until S+had+been+V4+O Perfect some other Continuous action happened in the past.

When I went to the station last Sunday at 9 'O' V2 + since/ clock my friend for had been waiting for me for 2 hours.

An action which will have been in 12.Future S + will/ shall + have progress over a Perfect + been + V4 + O period of time Continuous in future.

By the time Mr. Sharma retires in 2010, he will have V1 + since/ been doing for that job for 30 years.