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Final CRP VI Batch 2009 Pilihan Rumus

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F. 1. 2. 3. 4. Penelitiannya cross sectional. peneliti ingin meneliti hubungan coffee intake dengan hyperuricemia pada orang dewasa di kota bandung. rumus penentuan sampelnya? Dengan menggunakan cross sectional study investigator pengen tau average BUN level (mg/dl) among healthy elderly subjek di jatinangor Investigator wants to compare PSA level in healthy man living in jatinangor. The man matched according to age and marital status Using cross sectional study the investigator want to know the prevalence of above normal serum creatinine among clearly subject aged 60 years in kec. Jatinangor a normal results is 0,7 to 1,3 mg/dl for men and 0,6 to 1,1 mg/dl for woman Design cross sectional ingin mengetahui jumlah blood urea nitrogen di orang di kecamatan jatinangor The investigator want to example serum crystalis clearance between albumin and non albumin in diabetic type 2 di kecamatan jatinangor The investigator wants to know blood urea nitrogen level among healthy elderly aged 60 year or over living in kecamatan jatinangor kabupaten sumedang Cross sectional study ingin mencari relation between calcium intake and prostate cancer di west java Using a cross sectional study, correlate abdominal circumference with GFR (ml/min per 1,75 based on CKD epidemiology collaboration formula) among men without metabolic syndrome in Bandung Investigator want to know the difference of seprum apolipoprotein # between albuminuric and no albuminuric in type 2 diabetic patients in west java. The participants are matched according to sex and BMI.

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Pilihan untuk nomer 11-18 A. Reability B. Reability coefficient C. Internal consistency D. Content validity E. Construct validity 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. The degree to which the instrument measure the construct under investigation? It requires assembling multiple indicators of validity within the process Form of reliability reffering to the degree to which the subparts of an instrument are all measuring the same attribute or dimension Consistency or stability of the measurement process across time, patient, or observers A quantitative index, usually ranging in value from 0,00 to 1,00, that provides an estimate of how reliable an instrument is? It measures of how adequate the sampling of questions reflects the conceptual definition of its scope. The degree of consistency or accuracy with which an instrument measures the attribute it is designed to measure. The degree to which the items in an instrument adequately represents the universe of content for the concept being measured. When he visited some expert to assess the appropriateness & inclusiveness of the question in instrument, this is reflecting his effort to check.... Of the instrument. A. Reliability B. Reliability coefficient C. Internal consistency D. Content validity E. Construct validity

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After finish doing pilot study,researcher correlate score on depression scale w/ score instruments that measure a related construct,such grief and self-esteem. It means checking: A. Reliability B. Reliability coefficient C. Internal consistency D. Content validity E. Construct Validity

21. Suppose this new questionnaire are used in different occasions and it is accurately measured depression among medical student. This is reflecting.. A. Reliability B. Reliability coefficient C. Internal consistency D. Content Validity E. Construct validity

22. Kuesioner baru, di tes di medical students with diagnosis depression eand with no mental health problems, hasilnya ada dua signficance difference in scores between that 2 groups. It shows? A. Reliability B. Reliability coefficient C. Internal consistency D. Content Validity E. Construct validity 23. The new questionnaire which is designed to measure depression, should measure all aspect of the subject including grief or self-esteem. the degree to which grief or self-esteem and all measuring the same attribute which is depression is called.. A. Reliability B. Reliability coefficient C. Internal consistency D. Content Validity E. Construct validity 24. Wotf are considered to be disadvantage of using closed question A. Provide respondent with an easy method of indicating his/her answer B. Respondent doesn't have to think how ti calculate answer C. Responses can be easily classified D. Suggest an answer that respondent never consider before E. Prompts respondent so that respondent has to rely less on memory in answering a question 25. What of the following are considered to be disadvantages of utilizing open ended questions in questionnaire? A. They allow respondent to answer in his own words B. Respondents may find it difficult to articulate their responses i.e to properly and fully explain their motivation C. Respondent can qualify their answer or emphasize the strength of their opinion D. They allow the respondent to answer the question with no influence by any spesific alteration suggested 26. An epidemiological study of radiation have a purpose to reduce bad effect that received by man employees of nuclear reprocessing plant and their residents in the variaty and its relation A. Evaluate research impact B. Improve dissemination C. To increase strengthen research capacity D.To improve repackaging of research for continuing knowledge E. To improve strengthen networking between researcher and policy maker 27. Strategies used by public health agencies to prepare of a report or manuscript describing the purpose, methods, results, and implications at a study, are part of the process A. Social marketing B. Media Advocacy

C. Risk communication D. Written communication E. Public health surveillance 28. Pada abstract ada yang menjelaskan, "they analyzed original data from 10 prospective cohort tudies from USA and Europe to estimate the association between dietary fiber intake and risk of coronary heart disease", ini adalah bagian dari.. A. Introduction B. Methode C. Result D. Discussion E. Conclussion 29. The appropriate written of abstract should be A. Beyond 250 words B. Should be written in one paragraph C. Written in the past tense D. Not cite any reference E. Never give any information of conclusion F. Must be accurate in respect to figures quoted in many text 30. Target population of the study? 30. Target population For number 30 36 Cross sectional study conducted by the researchers to find out relation between level knowledge of STI & sex behaviour among teenagers age 12 18 in Kecamatan Jatinangor. During that period of time number of teenager in Jatinangor 4000. According to sample size determination in design phase, researcher had decided to survey at least 800 participants taken from junior high school & high school student in Kecamatan Jatinangor. The student was responded by 600 participants. 31. What is accessible population of study? a. All teen age 12-18 in Jatinangor b. All junior high school & high school teen age 12-18 in Jatinangor c. 200 students of junior high school & high school teen age 12-18 in Jatinangor d. 600 students of junior high school & high school teen age 12-18 in Jatinangor e. 800 students of junior high school & high school teen age 12-18 in Jatinangor 32. What is the intended sample of the study? a. All teen age 12-18 in Jatinangor b. All junior high school & high school teen age 12-18 in Jatinangor c. 200 students of junior high school & high school teen age 12-18 in Jatinangor d. 600 students of junior high school & high school teen age 12-18 in Jatinangor

e. 800 students of junior high school & high school teen age 12-18 in Jatinangor 33. Study subject of this study is? a. All teen age 12-18 in Jatinangor b. All junior high school & high school teen age 12-18 in Jatinangor c. 200 students of junior high school & high school teen age 12-18 in Jatinangor d. 600 students of junior high school & high school teen age 12-18 in Jatinangor e. 800 students of junior high school & high school teen age 12-18 in Jatinangor 34. Which of the following will concern the internal validity of the study? a. The dfferences between A & B b. The dfferences between A & D c. The dfferences between A & E d. The dfferences between B & D e. The dfferences between B & E f. The dfferences between D & E 35. Which of the following will be needed from an appropriate sample size & sampling method? a. To select option E from A b. To select option E from B c. To select option D from A d. To select option D from B e. To select option D from E f. To select option B from A 36. Which of the following is the power of the test? a. The correlation between option A & B b. The correlation between option A & D c. The correlation between option A & E d. The correlation between option B & D e. The correlation between option B & E f. The correlation between option D & E Frequency of malnutrition among hemodyalisis patient. 37. What is the most appropriate study design for this study question? a. Cross sectional b. Cohort c. Case control d. Clinical trial e. Case series 38. Population of the study? a. Hemodialysis patient with malnutrition who undergoes hemodialysis in your unit. b. All hemodialysis patient c. Hemodialysis patient with malnutrition who admitted to your unit.

d. e. Was malnutrition correlate with depression in our patients? 39. What is the most appropriate study design for this study questions? a. Cross sectional b. Cohort c. Case control d. Clinical trial e. Case series 40. Outcome of study design? a. Frequency b. Prevalence c. Risk ratio d. Odd ratio e. Prevalence ratio 41. treatment malnutrisi yg cocok pd orang yg hemodialisis? apa metode penelitian yg cocok? a. case control b. cohort c. cross sectional d. clinical trial e. experimental 42. study quest: there are 2 options in testing malnutrition in hemodialysis patients, nutrition therapy or managing their depression. What will be the population in this study? a. hemodialysis patient with malnutrition underwent hemodialysis in our facility b. all hemodialysis patients underwent hemodialysis in our facility c. all hemodialysis pateint with malnutrition underwent hemodialysis in our facility d. all hemodialysis pateint with malnutrition admitted to our facility e. all pateints admitted to our facility 43. Best outcome? a. frequency b. prevalence c. risk ratio d. odd ratio e. prevalence ratio

44. Dari penelitian lain ditemukan bahwa IV albumin dapat meningkatkan nafsu makan pasien malnutrisi, apakah akan seefektif itu pada pasien hemodialisa? Masalahnya adalah mahalnya IV albumin. Study design yang cocok? a. cross sectional b. cohort c. case control d. clinical trial e. case series 45. Masalah : Pasien hemodialisis dengan status malnutrisi. Akan dicoba untuk diberikan albumin sebagai penambah nafsu makan. A. Seluruh pasien hemodialisis dengan malnutrisi yang melakukan hemodialisis di rumah sakit kita B. Seluruh pasien hemodialisis dengan malnutrisi yang datang ke rumah sakit kita C.seluruh pasien hemodialisis yang datang ke rumah sakit kita D. Seluruh pasien malnutrisi yang datang ke rumah sakit kita E. Seluruh pasien yang datang ke rumah sakit kita 46. Outcome-nya apa? A. Frequency B. Prevalence C. Odd ratio D. Relative risk E. Prevalence ratio (soal cerita dari nomer 44, kalau ga salah tentang albumin untuk malnutrisi, tapi albuminnya mahal)

47. Prevalensi hipertensi in your area of work? is gender playing any role? a. cross sectional b. cohort c. case control d. clinical trial e. experimental 48. Population study: a. Semua pasien yang datang ke klinik b. semua pasien gipertensi yang dateng ke klinik c. semua masyarakat dengan riwayat hipertensi d. masyarakat yang tidak memiliki riwayat hipertensi e. semua masyarakat

49. What will be the best outcome of the study? a. frequency b. prevalence c. relative risk d. odd ratio e. prevalence ratio 50. Ada abstract: Gender Difference in Blood Pressure Control and Cardiovascular Risk Factor in Americans with Diagnosis Hypertension. Writer: Ong KL, Tso AWK, Lam KSL, Cheung BMY. Study question: are the gender-spesific trends in the control of blood pressure? The most appropriate study design? a. cross sectional b. cohort c. case control d. clinical trial e. experimental The gender specific trends in the control of blood pressure 51. What will be the population of the study? a. All the patients admitted to your facility b. Patients with hypertension admitted to your facility c. Resident with hypertension in the area d. Resident without history of hypertension e. All resident 52. Apakah ada gender specific trend dalam control blood pressure? What will be the best outcome? a. Prevalence b. Relative risk c. Odd ratio d. Prevalence ratio e. Frekuensi 53. Reyhan Janitra Farandi

54. risk for hypertension. Populasi study? a. Seua pasien yang masuk b. Semua pasien hipertensi yang masuk c. Semua oasien hipertensi di area itu d. Semua orang tanpa riwayat hipertensi di area itu e. Semua orang di area itu

Jurnal: Metformin versus insulin pada gestational diabetes dari nejm a. b. c. d. e. f. Selection bias Measurement bias Information bias Confounding Chance Extenal validity

56. Result study may not applied to your patient because all study patients not DM 1 57. Life style such as diet and exercise is also important in this study 58. The study was conducted in 751 patients which is large for clinical trial: external validity 59. Prematurity due to trauma has to be measured separately 60. Patient who need hospitalization due to very high blood glucose should be excluded from this study 61. use of insulin in gestatational pregnancy should not be reconsidered since one subject undergo hypoglicemia. (maaf cuma inget segini)