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Human Resource Needs:

Jordan’
Jordan’s Approach to the Challenge

     
Ned Xoubi, PhD
March 2009

xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
Human Resource Needs:
Jordan’s Approach to the Challenge

Ned Xoubi, PhD


Commissioner for Nuclear Fuel Cycle, JAEC
Founder of the Nuclear Engineering Department, JUST
     
 
 
Invited Talk

Middle East Nuclear Energy Infrastructure Preparedness Workshop


March 22-26, 2009
Amman, Jordan

xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission  
    
Key Figures
 Total area: 89,213 Km2
 Population: 5.723 million
 69% is under 29 yrs old
 GDP: $16.5 billion
 Per Capita: $2,879
 Annual growth: 7%
(2000-2007)
 Energy imports:
 $3.2 billion (2007)
 24% of Imports
 20% of GDP
xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
Energy Challenges
 Lack of indigenes resources Jordan’s stability
 Dependence on imports and economic
prospects depend
 High Cost … 24% of GDP heavily on Jordan’s
 Growing energy demands ability to find
 Increasing Population realistic solutions to
 Lifestyle changes Rapid increase in
Energy Demands
 High development aspirations
&
 Dead-Red Canal
 Desalination Scarce water
resources
 Passenger Train
xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
Electricity Sector
Str. Lighting
 Peak Load: 2.7%
W.Pumping
2,130 MW (2007) 14.6%
Others
2.4%

 Generated: Commercial
15.8%
Electr
12,968 GWh (2007) ic ity Co
nsum
p tion
 Installed Capacity: Domestic

2,530 MW 35.7%

 Population Supplied: Industrial

99.9% 28.8%

xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
Electrical Demand
9.0
8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
GW

4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040
Jordan Electrical Growth and Demand (1000 MW)
Source 2008 NEPCO, DOE, NX
xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
Interconnection Project
Turkey
300 MW 400 MW

Lebanon Syria Iraq


300 MW 300 MW

Palestine Jordan
500 MW
Libya Egypt
175 MW

xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
Energy Options
 Imported Oil & NG option:
 Unsecured, Expensive
 Renewables option:
 Limited utilization The most
expensive power
 Can’t be base load
option
 Oil Shale option: is the
 Feasibility is to be proven NO Power Option
 Nuclear option:
 High capitol cost

xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
The Nuclear Option
 Safe, Proven, Reliable, Low-cost
supplier of electricity Developing
countries are in
 Available and proven technology dire need of
 Economic benefits – jobs & economy energy.
 Each nuclear plant The best choice
 Adds over $500 million/year to the for a
economy sustainable,
 Employs ~ 500 – 1500, with an affordable,
equivalent number of indirect jobs clean, available
 Waste product is controlled, stored, form of energy is
monitored, protected and regulated nuclear
Ned xoubi

xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
Potential Areas of Uranium
Northern Jordan

Ruwaished

Haranah

Central Jordan

Wadi Bahiyyah

Wadi Sahb Elabiadh

xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
Jordan’s NP Program
 To introduce nuclear power as part of its energy
mix, on a fast track
 Go for major transformation away from fossil fuel
 Estimated uranium reserves of 64,000 tons NRA
 Uranium production in 2012
 2000 tons per year (estimated)
 First nuclear power plant (NPP) 2016-2020
 PPP model
 Privatized but with Gov. equity
 International nuclear operator with safe record
xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission

xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
Nuclear Cooperation
 Signed MoU’s with key countries including :
1. USA* 2. Russia*
3. UK 4. Korea
5. Romania
 Signed Nuclear Cooperation Agreements with :
1. France 2. China
3. Korea 4. Canada
 *Initial the NCA with USA , Russia & Canada

xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
HR is the Greatest Challenge
 Unprecedented number (68) of countries
expressing their interest or declaring their intention
to peruse a nuclear power program for the first time
 The greatest challenge that most developing
countries will face in their effort to introduce
nuclear power will be having enough qualified
nuclear engineers and experts
 Must recognize the vital importance of nuclear
knowledge, and that human capacity building is the
first step in the effective planning and
implementation of a successful nuclear power
program
xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
NP Program Main Task
 Development of a national nuclear infrastructure:
 Development of Legal Framework
 R&D Capability & TSO Developments
 HRD Program
 Nuclear Fuel Supply, RAW and SNF Management
 Local Industries Capability Developments
 Emergency Preparedness and Response
 Nuclear Installation Safety and Security Assurance
 Public Awareness
 International Cooperation
xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
NPP Manpower Requirement
NPP Manpower requirement at peak time of the project (IAEA)

xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
Higher Education in Jordan
 25 Universities in Jordan
 10 public ,15 private
 5000 Engineering Graduates per year
 B.Sc. In Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Health
Physics, Electrical, Mechanical, Industrial,
Chemical and Nuclear Engineering
 35 Community Colleges
 15 Public and 20 private
 2000 graduates in scientific fields

xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
Nuclear Educational Programs
 Undergraduate Nuclear Engineering program
 Jordan University of Science and Technology
 Graduate programs in Nuclear Physics
 M.Sc & PhD. Degrees
 Jordan University in Amman
 Balqa University in Salt
 Yarmouk University in Irbid
 Health Physics Programs
 Zarqa University in Zarqa
 Jordan University in Amman
xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
Nuclear Engineering Department
 The establishment of a Nuclear
Engineering department at JUST
is another step in Jordan’s efforts
to:
 Develop its nuclear infrastructure
 Introduce nuclear power as part of
its energy mix
 Established in 2007
 The first and only such
department /program in Jordan
 American model
xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
Department Objectives
 Educate students in the fundamental subjects
necessary for a career in nuclear engineering
 Educate students in the basics of nuclear
technology, radiation measurement, nuclear
reactors, and nuclear power plants design
 Train students in the basics of instrumentation
use, laboratory techniques, , and data
acquisition, interpretation and analysis.
 Prepare students for advanced education in
nuclear engineering and other related fields

xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
Top Quality Education
Four elements will determine the success of the
department and whether it will provide top quality
education that will lead to realistic teaching
instruction
1. Curriculum

2. Faculty

3. Facilities

4. Students

xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
NE Students
 The program is designed to fulfill Jordan’s needs
for nuclear engineers and scientists
 Student populace and Dpt. size should remain
within the boundaries that serve this purpose
1. Top 10% of High school graduates

2. 96 Students

3. 20 students in 3rd year, will graduate in 2011

4. 37 students in 2rd year, will graduate in 2012

5. 33 students in 1st year, will graduate in 2013

xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
The Curriculum
 The curriculum focuses on nuclear
power and reactor engineering
 Five years, 159 Cr. Hrs
 World class courses offered
 It is set at the ABET standards
 Gives the student a very strong
background in basic sciences and
engineering
 The First NED to offer “Ethics & the
Development of Nuclear Technology”
xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
The Curriculum

33 11
30 10

Number of Professors
27 9
Number of Courses

24 8
21 7
18 6
15 5
12 No. of Courses 4
9 3
No. of Professors
6 2
3 1
0 0
2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017
Acadamic Year
xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
Laboratories & Facilities

SC Assembly Under Construction Research Reactor – RFP Issued

High Performance Parallel Radiation Detection and


Computational Laboratory Measurement Laboratory
• Codes •Detectors HPGe , NaI
• Simulation and Modeling •Gamma Spectroscopy
xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
Scholarships
 Jordan Atomic Energy Commission
 1 M.Sc student (Nuclear I&C), France
 2 MSc students ( Nuclear Phy.), China
 Jordan University of Science and Technology
 2 M.Sc student (Nuclear Technology), Germany
 2 PhD students (Nuclear Engineering), USA
 JAEC will be offering 5-10 Scholarships this year

xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
Training Programs
 Part of every contract that JAEC negotiates
 50 for Uranium Mining and Extraction
 Part of the RR RFP
 Nuclear Operators training is Part of NPP RFP
 Local involvement and technology transfer from the
design stage
 Local training by international experts
 Close cooperation for training and expert visits
with international Laboratories
 IAEA programs and projects
xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009  
    
Thank You

NX

Moving Jordan into a New Clear Future

xoubi
Jordan Atomic Energy Commission March 22nd 2009