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BOX CULVERT DESIGN

Calculation for 1.4m x 1.5m RCC box culvert : Size of Culvert = 1.4 m x 1.5 m Span of culvert 10 m Culverts will be designed for Class A loading as per IRC standards for road with 10 m width and above. ` = 6.8 t Super imposed load(assuming 2 tyres) = 3.4 t Grade of Concrete = M 25 Grade of Steel = Fe 415 SBC at 1.5m depth = 20 t/m2 Density of Soil = 18 kN/m3 Angle of Repose () = 30 deg Unit weight of concrete = 25 kN/m3 Assumed thickness of slab as Weight of top slab (W1) Super imposed load (W2) Total weight on top slab (W) = = = = 150 mm 3.75 kN/m2 4.39 kN/m2 8.14 kN/m2

Weight of two vertical walls (W3) = 12.375 kN/m Surcharge = 20 KN/m2 Considering one metre run of culvert, Pressure intensity on the base slab = = Loading diagram {[(W * h) + W3] / h} 15.64 kN/m2

1400mm

1500 mm

Weight of bottom slab will be directly counteracted by the corresponding ground reaction. At any depth (h) from top slab, lateral pressure intensity (p) p At level at top slab (h) p At level at bottom (h) p = = = = = {W1 x [1-sin /1+sin )] + 18000 h{1-sin /1+sin )]} 0m 14.39 kN/m2 1.9 m 48.59 kN/m2

Considering one metre run of the culvert and each member as a separate fixed member, Fixed end moments are: ANALYSIS AND DESIGN METHODOLOGY: The RCC box culvert will be designed as per the guidance provided in the civil technical specification. Earth pressure for all under ground water storage structure shall be taken as at rest. In addition to earth pressure the vehicular traffic load as per the IRC specification of Class "A" shall be taken into account. Manual load calculations are made and analysed using the software STAAD pro for the loadings, bending moments and shear forces and design/detail shall be made as per the manual calculation Bending Moments

Considering maximum misspan section of slab for bending moment (M) = 7.532kNm For top slab; Assuming the depth of slab as 150mm with effective cover of 25mm., Depth available = 150-25 = 125 mm Mu = 7.532 x 1.5 = 11.298 kNm Mu,lim = b x d^2 x Q = 1000 x 125^2 x 3.45 = 53.906 kNm < Percentage reinforcement (Pt) = Mu/bd^2 = 11.3 x 10^6/1000 x 125^2 = 0.589248 Percentage tension reinforcement (pt) from SP16 Pt = 0.17% Considering Minimum area of reinforcement 0.12% Therefore area of reinforcement = (Gross area of slab x 0.12)/100 = (1000 x 150 x 0.12)/100 = 180 mm2 Area of reinforcement with Pt = 0.17% = (1000 x 125 x 0.17)/100 = 212.5 mm2

11.3 kNm Hence depth is OK

Providing 12mm bars, Spacing

= =

(113.04 X 1000)/212.5 531.95 mm =(78.5 X 1000)/180 436.11

Say 200 mm c/c spacing

Providing dist. bar as 10mm bars, Spacing

Say 150 mm c/c spacing

For bottom slab and side walls; Assuming the depth of slab as 150mm with effective cover of 25mm., Depth available = 150-25 = 125 mm Mu = 8.213 x 1.5 = 12.32 kNm Mu,lim = b x d^2 x Q = 1000 x 125^2 x 3.45 = 53.906 kNm < Percentage reinforcement (Pt) = Mu/bd^2 = 12.32 x 10^6/1000 x 125^2 = 0.78848 Percentage tension reinforcement (pt) from SP16 Pt = 0.229% Considering Minimum area of reinforcement 0.2% Therefore area of reinforcement = (Gross area of slab x 0.2)/100 = (1000 x 150 x 0.2)/100 = 300 mm2 Area of reinforcement with Pt = 0.229% = (1000 x 125 x 0.229)/100 286.25 mm2 Providing 12mm bars, Spacing = (113.04 X 1000)/300 = 376.8 mm Providing dist. bar as 10mm bars, Spacing =(78.5 X 1000)/300 = 261.67 mm

12.3 kNm Hence depth is OK

Say 200 mm c/c spacing Say 150 mm c/c spacing

Check for Shear: Shear force

Shear force (V) Max Vu Shear stress (v) = Vu/(b x d) c,

= = = =

32.168 kN 1.5 x V = 386.02 kN/m2 470.86 kN/m2

48.252 kN

Therfore c > v , Hence safe under shear