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Presentation WCDMA

Robert Luo 0912-2274226 luo_xiao_bin@huawei.com

What is 3G?
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3G is an ITU specification for the third generation (analog


cellular was the first generation, digital PCS the second) of mobile communications technology. 3G promises increased bandwidth, up to 384 Kbps when a device is stationary or moving at pedestrian speed, 128 Kbps in a car, and 2 Mbps in fixed applications. 3G will work over wireless air interfaces such as GSM, TDMA, and CDMA. The new EDGE air interface has been developed specifically to meet the bandwidth needs of 3G.

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Technology of 3G
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CDMA2000 (USA)
FDD 2Mbps

WCDMA (UMTS) (Europe)


FDD 384kbps 2Mbps 14.4Mbps and more

TD-SCDMA (China)
TDD 2Mbps
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Frequency of 3G
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IMT ( International Mobile Telecommunication) suggest: Standard Frequency: The bands 1 885-2 025 MHz and 2 110-2 200 MHz are intended for use, on a worldwide basis. For FDD mode: 1920 - 1980 MHz and 2110 - 2170 MHz For TDD mode: 1885 - 1920 MHz and 2010 - 2025 MHz Another 160 MHz of additional spectrum should be available in its entirety prior to 2010. The frequency bands 698 to 806 MHz, 2500 to 2690 MHz and 2700 to 2900 MHz should be non-exclusively designated for the use of IMT-2000 to provide from 2005 for up to an additional 160 MHz of spectrum for IMT-2000. 4

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GSM Networks & Subscribers


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Up until Dec 2005, 650 GSM networks are deployed in more than 200 countries. The subscribers are more than 1.56 Billion.
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CDMA Networks & Subscribers


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Up until 12 Jan, 2006, 142 operators have launched 139 CDMA2000 1X and 29 1xEV-DO commercial networks across Asia, the Americas and Europe. 31 1X and 41 1xEV-DO networks are scheduled to be deployed in the next year. Up until 12 Jan, 2006, total CDMA subscriber reaches 200.2 Million subscribers.
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UMTS Networks
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Over 100 Commercial UMTS Operators in 42 countries Dec 2005

l 160 UMTS licenses issued worldwide, the number of UMTS networks delivering 7 commercial services today stands over 100 networks in 42 countries (GSA, Nov.2005) l UMTS is the leading technology in 3G standards. Europe, North America and Asia are the biggest markets for UMTS investment and have formed stable market patterns.
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UMTS Subscribers
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Num of UMTS subs. (million) 40000000 35000000 30000000 25000000 20000000 15000000 10000000 5000000 0 Jun-03 Jun-04 Dec-02 Mar-03 Sep-03 Dec-03 Mar-04 Sep-04 Dec-04 Mar-05 Jun-05 Sep-05

Source: Informa Telecom & Media, Nov, 2005

UMTS in 2005
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l Nearly 40 million UMTS subscribers (Dec 2005); l Growth exceeds 106.6% in 2005; l UMTS gaining 2.20 Million per month.
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UMTS Terminals
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UMTS/HSDPA terminals launches 250 200 150 108 100 50 0 11


2002

226

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2003 2004 Nov, 2005

l 226 types UMTS terminals commercially are available in the market (Till Nov 2005). l 32 suppliers in the market. l 60 new models launched in the last 6 months. l 7 vendors can provide 12 HSDPA commercial terminals in the market. l Price of low end terminal will be less than 150 USD in Q3, 2006.

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3GPP Specifications
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<R99: Launched in Mar, 2000. Already available. Defined UMTS architecture. <R4: Launched in Jun, 2001. Already available. Soft Switch Architecture. <R5: Launched in Jun, 2002. Already available. Defined HSDPA and IMS function. <R6: Launched in Jun, 2004. Defined MBMS and inter-operation with WLAN.

3GPP R6 3GPP R5 3GPP R4 3GPP R99


CN inherits GSM. Defined UTRAN architecture. NGN architecture in CS core network IMS and HSDPA MBMS and interoperation with WLAN

Launch Time 10 2001/06 2002/06 2004/06

2000/03
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3GPP R99 Specification


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CS
GSM/GPRS BSS MSC GMSC

PSTN

TDM
UMTS RAN SGSN

PS

GGSN

Characters and changes in 3GPP R99


u u u u u
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Defined the architecture of 3G radio network, including NodeB and RNC. 11 Architecture of CN is same to R98/R97. Defined the Iu-PS interface between PS CN and RNC; GTP tunnel is expanded to RNC, and the version of GTP is upgraded to GTPv1. MAP version is upgraded to MAPv3; Defined the handover and roaming between UMTS and GSM

3GPP R4 Specification
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CS
GSM/GPRS BSS Mc

Nc MSC Server Mc MGW Nb

PSTN

TDM/ATM/IP
UMTS RAN

PS

SGSN

GGSN

Characters and Changes in 3GPP R4:


u u

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The architecture of PS CN is same to R99. CS CN deploys soft switch architecture. Enhancement to services including MMS, LCS, QoS, Streaming, etc. These enhancement also can be implemented based on the architecture of R99

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3GPP R5 Specification
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CS MSC Server
GSM/GPRS BSS Mc Nc Nb MGW MGCF Mc

PSTN
IMS

TDM/ATM/IP
UMTS RAN

PS

CSCF

SGSN

GGSN

Characters and Changes in 3GPP R5:


u u u
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IMS is appended to network for ETE IP multimedia services. Voice services begin to migrate 13 to PS domain based on SIP protocol; All IP network including Iu over IP, SIGTRAN, Gb over IP and IPv6. HSDPA for high speed services.

3GPP R6 Specification
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CS MSC Server
GSM/GPRS BSS Mc Nc Nb MGW MGCF Mc

PSTN
IMS

TDM/ATM/IP
PS
UMTS RAN SGSN GGSN CSCF

Characters and Changes in 3GPP R6:


u u u u
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The architecture is same to R5; MBMS function is defined for Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Services. Inter-operation with WLAN Content Charging

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3GPP R5 Architecture
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Alternative Access Network Applications & Services *) SCP R-SGW GGSN Other PLMN SGSN CAP Gn Gp TE R MT Um
ERAN CSCF Legacy mobile signaling Network

Multimedia IP Networks

Mh HSS *) Gr EIR Gf SGSN Gn Iu Iu 2


1

Ms Cx
CSCF

Mw Mm Mg

Gi Gc

Mr MRF Gi Go GGSN

Gi MGCF Mc T-SGW *)

Iu-ps' Iu

Gi MGW Nb Mc Nc GMSC server MAP T-SGW *) PSTN/ Legacy/External

TE R
1

MT Uu

UTRAN

MGW Mc MSC server

Iu = Iucs (RTP, AAL2) Iu = Iu(RANAP)


2

MAP Applications & Services *) HSS *)

Mh R-SGW *) *) those elements are duplicated for figure layout purpose only, they belong to the same logical element in the reference model

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Signalling Interface Signalling and Data Transfer Interface

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Services Video Phone Service


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UTMS Network

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Video Phone Services from the Handset.


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Services MMS Service


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GPRS MOBILE ETWORK

Terminator to terminator Application to terminator Terminator to application


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MMS-C

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Services Streaming Service


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TV Input

Movies UTMS-GPRS Network Broadcasting On Site

Watch TV Watch Broadcasting Video on Demand From PC/Laptop (PCMCIA Card)

Watch TV Watch Broadcasting Video on Demand From Handset

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Services Browsing Service


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Internet

UTMS-GPRS Network

Access Internet from PC/Laptop (PCMCIA Card).

Access Internet from Handset.

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20 Robert Luo 0912-2274226 luo_xiao_bin@huawei.com www.huawei.com