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DC GENERATORS 1. Lamination of core are generally made of A. cast iron B. carbon C. silicon steel D.

stainless steel

2. Which of the following could be approximately the thickness of laminations of a DC machine? A. 0.005 mm B. 0.05 mm C. 0.5 m D. 5 mm

3. The armature of DC generator is laminated to A. reduce the bulk B. provide passage for cooling air C. insulate the core D. reduce eddy current loss

4. The resistance of armature winding depends on A. length of conductor B. cross-sectional area of the conductor C. number of conductors D. all of the above

5. The field coils of DC generators are usually made of A. mica B. copper C. cast iron D. carbon

6. The commutator segments are connected to the armature conductors by means of A. copper lugs 7. In a commutator A. copper is harder that mica B. mica and copper are equally hard C. mica is harder than copper D. none of the above B. resistance wires C. insulation pads D. brazing

8. In DC generators the pole shoes are fastened to the pole core by A. rivets B. counter sunk screws C. brazing D. welding

9. According to Flemings right-hand rule for finding the direction of induced emf, when middle finger points in the direction of induced emf, forefinger will point in the direction of A. motion of conductor B. lines of force C. either of the above D. none of the above

10. Flemings right-hand rule regarding direction of induced emf, correlates A. magnetic flux, direction of current flow and resultant force B. magnetic flux, direction of motion and direction of emf induced C. magnetic field strength, induced voltage and current

D. magnetic flux, direction of force and direction of motion of conductor 11. While applying Flemings right-hand rule to find the direction of induced emf, the thumb points towards A. direction of induced emf B. direction flux C. direction of motion of the conductor if forefinger points in the direction of generated emf D. direction of motion of conductor, if forefinger points along the line of flux 12. The bearings used to support the rotor shafts are generally A. ball bearings B. bush bearings C. magnetic bearings D. needle bearings

13. In DC generators, the cause of rapid brush wear may be A. severe speaking B. rough commutator surface C. imperfect contact D. any of the above

14. In lap winding, the number of brushes is always A. double the number of poles B. same as the number of poles C. half the number of poles D. two

15. For a DC generator when the number of poles and the number of armature conductors is fixed, then which winding will give the higher emf? A. lap winding B. wave winding 16. In a four-pole DC machine A. all the four poles are north poles C. all the four poles are south poles C. Either of (a) and (b) above D. depends on other features of design

B. alternating poles are north and south D. two north poles follow two south poles 17. Copper brushes in DC machine are used A. where low voltage and high current are involved B. where high voltage and small currents are involved C. in both of the above cases D. in none of the above cases 18. A separately excited generators as compared to a self excited generators A. is amenable to better voltage control C. has exciting current independent of load current

B. is more stable

D. has all above features

19. In case of DC machines, mechanical losses are primary function of A. current B. voltage C. speed D. none of above

20. Iron losses in a DC machine are independent of variation in A. speed B. load C. voltage D. speed and voltage

21. In DC generators, current to the external circuit from armature is given through A. commutator B. solid connection C. slip rings D. none of above

22. Requirements of speed at which machine is driven is A. more critical in the case of alternators B. more critical in the case of DC generators C. equally critical in the case of alternators as well as DC generators 23. Brushes of DC machines are made of A. carbon B. soft copper C. hard copper D. all of above

24. In DC generators, on no load A. magnetic neutral axis moves from geometrical neutral axis in the opposite direction of rotation B. magnetic neutral axis coincides with geometrical neutral axis C. magnetic neutral axis moves from geometrical neutral axis in the direction of rotation D. none of the above

25. If B is the flux density, the length of conductor and


given by A. B. C.

the velocity of conductor, then induced emf is

D.

26. In case of a 4-pole DC generator provided with a two layer lap winding with sixteen coils, the pole pitch will be A. 4 B. 8 C. 16 D. 32

27. The material of commutator brushes is generally A. mica B. copper C. cast iron

D. carbon

28. The insulating material used between the commutator segments is normally A. graphite B. paper C. mica D. insulating varnish

29. In a DC generator, if p be the number of poles and N be the rpm of rotor, then the frequency of magnetic reversals will be A. B. C. D.

30. For generating large current on DC generators which winding is generally preferred? A. progressive wave winding B. lap winding C. retrogressive wave winding D. current depends on design

31. The purpose of providing dummy coils in a generator is A. to enhance flux density B. to amplify voltage C. to provide mechanical balanced for the rotor D. to reduce eddy current

32. In a DC generator, the armature reaction results in A. demagnetization of the centers of poles B. magnetization of inter-poles C. demagnetization of the leading pole tip and magnetization of the trailing pole tip D. magnetization of the leading pole tip and demagnetization of the trailing pole tip 33. In a DC generator in case the brushes are moved so as to bring them in magnetic neutral axis, then, there will be A. demagnetization B. cross-magnetization C. cross-magnetization as well as demagnetization D. none of the above

34. The polarity of a DC generator can be reversed by A. reversing the field current B. increasing field current C. reversing field current as well as direction of rotation D. any of the above

35. In Dc generators, the brushes on commutator remain in contact with conductors which A. lie under South Pole B. lie under North Pole C. lie under interpolar region D. are farthest from the poles

36. In a lap wound DC generator having p as number of poles and Z as number of conductors, the maximum number of equalizer rings will be

A. Z

B. p

C.

D.

37. If brushes of a DC generator are moved in order to bring these brushes in magnetic neutral axis, there will be A. demagnetization only B. cross magnetization as well as magnetization C. cross magnetization as well as demagnetization D. cross magnetization only 38. Armature reaction of an unsaturated DC machine is A. cross-magnetizing B. demagnetizing C. magnetizing D. none of above

39. DC generators are connected to the busbars or disconnected from them only under floating condition A. to avoid sudden loading of the prime mover B. to avoid mechanical jerk to the shaft C. to avoid burning of switch contacts D. all above 40. Eddy currents are induced in the pole shoes of a DC machine due to A. oscillating magnetic field B. pulsating magnetic flux C. relative rotation between field and armature D. all above

41. In a Dc machine, short-circuited field coil will result in A. odour of burning insulation B. unbalanced magnetic pull producing vibrations C. reduction of generated voltage for which excitation has to be increased to maintain the voltage D. all above 42. Equalizer rings are required in case armature is A. wave wound B. lap wound C. delta wound D. duplex wound

43. Welding generator will have A. lap winding B. wave winding C. delta winding D. duplex wave winding

44. In case of DC machine winding, number of commutator segments is equal to A. number of armature coils C. number of armature conductors

B. number of armature coils sides

D. number of armature turns

45. For a DC machine laboratory following type of DC supply will be suitable A. rotary converter B. mercury are rectifier C. induction motor DC generator set D. synchronous motor DC generator set

46. The function of pole shoes in the case of DC machines is A. to reduce the reluctance of the magnetic path B. to spread out the flux to achieve uniform flux density C. to support the field coil D. to discharge all the above functions 47. In the case of lap winding resultant pitch is A. multiplication of front and back pitches B. division of front pitch by back pitch 48. A DC welding generators has A. lap winding B. wave moving C. duplex winding D. any of the above C. sum of front and back pitches D. difference of front and back pitches

49. Which of the following statement about DC generators is false? A. compensating winding in a DC machine helps in commutation B. in a DC generator interpoles winding is connected in series with the armature winding C. back pitch and front pitch are both odd and approximately equal to the pole pitch D. equalizing bus bars are used with parallel running of DC shunt generators 50. The demagnetizing component of armature reaction in a DC generator A. reduces generator emf B. increases armature speed C. reduces interpoles flux density D. results in sparkling trouble

51. Magnetic field in a DC generator is produced by A. electromagnets B. permanent magnet C. both (a) and (b) D. none of the above

52. The number of brushes in a commutator depends on A. speed of armature B. type of winding C. voltage D. amount of current to be collected

53. Compensating windings are used in DC generators

A. mainly to reduce the eddy currents by providing local short-circuits B. the provide path for circulation of cooling air C. to neutralize the cross-magnetizing effect of the armature reaction D. none of the above 54. Which of the following components of a DC generator plays vital role for providing direct current of a DC generator? A. dummy coils B. commutator C. eye bolt D. equalizer rings

55. In a Dc generator the ripples in the direct emf generated are reduced by A. using conductors of annealed copper B. using commutator with large number of segments C. using carbon brushes of superior quality D. using equalizer rings 56. In DC generators, lap winding is used for A. high voltage, high current B. low voltage, high current C. high voltage, low current D. low voltage, low current

57. Two generators A and B have 6-poles each. Generator A has wave wound armature while generator B has lap wound armature. The ratio of the induced emf is generator A and B will be A. 2:3 B. 3:1 C. 3:2 D. 1:3

58. The voltage drop for which of the following types of brush can be expected to be least? A. Graphite brushes B. Carbon brushes C. Metal graphite brushes D. None of the above

59. The emf generated by a shunt wound DC generator is E. Now while pole flux remains constant, if the speed of the generator is doubled, the emf generated will be A. E/2 B. 2E C. slightly less than E D. E

60. In a DC generator the actual flux distribution depends upon A. size of air gap B. shape the pole shoe C. clearance between tips of the adjacent pole shoes D. all of the above

61. The armature core of a DC generator is usually made of A. silicon steel B. copper C. non-ferrous material D. cast-iron

62. DC generators generates A. AC voltage in the armature B. DC voltage in the armature C. AC superimposed over DC D. none of the above

63. Satisfactory commutation of DC machines requires A. brushes should be of proper grade and size B. brushes should smoothly run in the holders C. smooth, concentric commutator properly undercut D. all of the above 64. Open circuited armature coil of a DC machine is A. identified by the scarring of the commutator segment to which open circuited coil is connected\ B. indicated by a spark completely around the commutator C. both (a) and (b) D. none of the above 65. In a DC machine, fractional pitch winding is used A. to increase the generated voltage B. to reduce sparking C. to save the copper because of shorter end connections D. due to (b) and (c) above 66. For the parallel operation of two or more DC compound generators, we should ensure that A. voltage of the incoming generator should be same as that of bus bar B. polarity of incoming generator should be same as that of bus bar C. all the series field should be run in parallel by means of equalizer connection D. series field of all generators should be either on positive side or negative side of the armature E. all condition mentioned above should be satisfied 67. Dc series generator is used A. to supply traction load B. to supply industrial load at constant voltage

C. as a booster to maintain constant voltage at the load end of the feeder D. for none of the above purpose 68. Following DC generator will be in a position to build up without any residual magnetism in the poles A. series generator B. shunt generator 69. Interpole flux should be sufficient to A. neutralize the commutating self-induced emf B. neutralize the armature reaction flux C. neutralize both the armature reaction flux as well as commutating emf induced in the coil D. perform none of the above functions 70. DC generator generally preferred for charging automobile batteries is A. series generator B. shunt generator C. long shunt compound generator D. any of the above C. compound generator D. self-excited generator

71. In a DC generator the number of mechanical degrees and electrical degrees will be the same when A. rpm is more than 300 B. rpm is less than 300 72. Permeance is the reciprocal of A. flux density B. reluctance C. ampere-turns D. resistance C. number of poles is 4 D. numbers of poles is 2

73. In DC generators the polarity of the interpoles A. is the same as that of the main pole ahead B. is the same as that of the immediately preceding pole C. is opposite to that of the main pole ahead D. is neutral as these poles do not play part in generating emf 74. The emf generated in a DC generator is directly proportional to A. flux/pole B. speed of armature C. number of poles D. all of the above

75. In a DC generator the magnetic neutral axis coincides with the geometrical neutral axis, when A. there is no load on the generator B. the generator runs on full load C. the generator runs on overload D. the generator runs on designed speed

76. In a DC generator in order to reduce sparking at brushes, the self-induced emf in the coil is neutralized by all of the following except A. interpoles B. dummy coils C. compensating winding D. shifting of axis of brushes

77. In DC generators on no-load, the air gap flux distribution in space is A. sinusoidal B. triangular C. pulsating D. flat topped

78. A shunt generator running at 1000 rpm has generated emf as 200 V. If the speed increases to 1200 rpm, the generated emf will be nearly A. 150 V B. 175 V C. 240 V D. 290 V

79. The purpose providing dummy coils in a generator is A. to reduce eddy current losses B. to enhance flux density C. to amplify voltage D. to provide mechanical balance for the rotor

80. In a shunt generator the voltage build up is generally restricted is A. speed limitation B. armature heating C. insulation restriction D. saturation of iron

81. if a DC generator fails to build up the probable cause could not be A. imperfect brush contact B. field resistance less than the critical resistance C. no residual magnetism in the generator D. faulty shunt connections tending to reduce the residual magnetism 82. Flashing the field of DC generator means A. neutralizing residual magnetism B. creating residual magnetism by a DC source C. making the magnetic losses of forces parallel D. increasing flux density by adding extra turns of windings on poles 83. The emf induced in the armature of a shunt generator is 600V. The armature resistance is 0.1 ohm. If the armature current is 200A, the terminal voltage will be A. 640V B. 620V C. 600V D. 580V

84. In a DC generator the critical resistance refers to the resistance of A. brushes B. field C. armature D. load

85. To achieve sparkless commutation brushes of a DC generator are rocked ahead so as to bring them A. just ahead of magnetic neutral axis B. in magnetic neutral axis 86. Armature coil is short-circuited by brushes when it lies A. along neutral axis B. along field axis C. in any of the above position D. in none of the above position C. just behind the magnetic neutral axis

87. A cumulative compounded long shunt generator when operating as a motor would be A. cumulative compounded long shunt C. cumulative compounded short shunt

B. differentially compounded long shunt D. differentially compounded short shunt 88. To avoid formation of grooves in the commutator of a DC machine A. the brushes of opposite polarity should track each other B. the brushes of same polarity should track each other C. brush position has no effect on the commutator grooving 89. The following constitute short-circuit in the armature winding A. insulation failure between two commutator bars B. insulation failure between two turns of a coil C. two of more turns of the same coil getting grounded D. all of the above 90. The rapid wear of brushes takes place due to A. abrasion from dust B. excessive spring pressure C. rough commutator bars 91. Number of tappings in each equalizer ring is equal to A. number of pole pairs B. number of pole 92. A DC generator can be considered as A. rectifier B. prime mover C. rotating amplifier D. power pump C. number of parallel paths D. number of commutator segments D. high mica insulation between commutator bars E. all of the above factors

93. In any rotating machine that part which houses the conductors in and in which emf induced is to be utilized is called A. rotor B. stator C. field D. armature

94. In a DC machine stray loss is the sum of A. total copper loss and mechanical loss B. armature copper loss and iron loss 95. Lap winding is composed of A. any eve numbers of conductors B. any odd numbers of conductors C. that even number which is exact multiple of poles + 2 D. that even number which is exact multiple of poles C. shunt field copper loss and mechanical loss D. iron loss and mechanical loss

96. In a DC generator in case the resistance of the field winding is increased, then output voltage will A. increase B. decreased C. remain unaffected D. fluctuate heavily

97. An exciter for a turbo generator is a A. separately excited generator B. shunt generator 98. In case of a flat compounded generator A. voltage generated is less than the rated voltage B. generated voltage is proportional to the load on the generator C. voltage remain constant irrespective of the load D. speed varies in proportion to the load on the generator 99. Which of the following generator will have negligible terminal voltage while running on no-load? A. series generator B. shunt generator C. compound generator D. separately excited generator C. series generator D. compound generator

100. Which of the following DC generators will be in position to build up without any residual magnetism in the poles? A. series generator B. shunt generator 101. C. compound generator D. none of the above

In over compounded generator, full load terminal voltage is C. more than no-load terminal voltage D. equal to no-load terminal voltage

A. almost zero B. less than no-load terminal voltage

102.

In a level compounded DC generator, full load terminal voltage is C. more than no-load terminal voltage D. less than no-load terminal voltage

A. negligibly low B. equal to no-load terminal voltage

103. The terminal voltage of a DC shunt generator drops on load because of all of the following reason except A. armature reaction B. armature resistance drop C. field weakening due to armature reaction and armature D. commutation 104. In a DC generator

A. external resistance = internal characteristics armature reaction B. internal characteristics = magnetization characteristics ohmic drop C. external characteristics = magnetization characteristics ohmic drop armature reaction D. magnetization characteristics = external characteristics 105. A sinusoidal voltage of 5 Hz is applied to the field of a shunt generator. The armature voltage wave A. will be zero 106. B. will be of 5 Hz C. will be of 5 x N Hz D. will be of Hz

A 220 V DC generator is run at full speed without any excitation. The open circuit voltage will be B. about 2 V C. about 50 V D. 220 V

A. zero 107.

In a separately excited generator supplying rated load the armature reaction C. maybe sometimes present D. none of the above

A. is always present B. is always absent 108.

If residual magnetism is present in a DC generator, the induced emf at zero speed will be C. the same as rated voltage D. high

A. zero B. small 109.

Armature reaction in a generator results in

A. demagnetization of leading pole tip and magnetization of trailing pole tip B. demagnetization of trialing pole tip and magnetization of leading pole tip

C. demagnetizing the centre of all poles D. magnetizing the center of all poles 110. Following energized winding of a DC machine should not be opened as it would produce high inductive voltage which may be dangerous to personnel and may cause its own insulation failure. A. Series field 111. B. compensating field C. inter pole field D. shunt field

Wave winding is compose of C. even number which is exact multiple of poles + 2 D. even number which is exact multiple of poles

A. any even number of conductors B. any odd number of conductors 112.

The critical resistance of the DC generator is the resistance of B. brushes C. armature D. load

A. field 113.

When two DC series generators are running in parallel, an equalizer bar is used

A. to increase the speed and hence generated emf B. to increase the series flux C. so that two similar machines will pass approximately equal current to the load D. to reduce the combined effect of armature reaction of both machines 114. Which of the following generating machine will offer constant voltage on all loads? C. level compounded generator D. all of the above

A. self-excited generator B. separately excited generator 115.

Which of the following generators will be preferred if they are required to be run in parallel? C. compound generators D. none of the above

A. shunt generators B. series generators

116. Two generators are running in parallel. One of the generators may run as motor for which of the following reasons? A. the direction of that generator is reversed C. the field of that generator is weakened B. the speed of that generator is increases 117. A DC generator works on the principle of C. Faradays law of electromagnetic induction D. none of the above D. that generator takes large share of loads

A. Lenzs law B. Ohms law 118. A series generator can self-excite

A. only if the load current is zero B. only if the load current is not zero 119. A shunt generator can self-excite

C. irrespective of the value of load current D. none of the above

A. only if the resistance of the field circuit is less than critical value B. only if the resistance of the field circuit is greater than critical value C. irrespective of the value of the resistance in the field circuit 120. The terminal voltage of a series generator is 150 V when the load current is 5 A. if the load current is increased to 10 A, the terminal voltage will be A. 150 V 121. B. less than 150 V C. greater than 150 V D. none of the above

The open circuit voltage of a compound generator is 250 V. At full load the terminal voltage C. maybe greater or less than 250V D. none of the above

A. will be less than 250V B. will always be 250V

122. Two DC shunt generators, each with armature resistance of 0.02 ohm and field resistance of 50 ohm run in parallel and supply a total current of 1000 amperes to the load circuit. If their emfs are 270V and 265V, their bus bar voltage will be A. 270V 123. B. 267.5V C. 265V D. 257.4V

The essential condition for parallel operation of two DC generators is that they have C. the same drooping voltage characteristics D. same percentage regulation

A. same kW rating B. the same operation rpm

124. In case of DC generators, the armature voltage control is considered as suitable if the machine is driven A. at constant load B. at constant current 125. C. at constant torque D. at constant VA

When two DC generators are running in parallel an equalizer bar is used

A. to increase the series flux B. to increase the generated emf C. to reduce the combined effect of armature reaction of both the machine D. so that the two identical machines will pass approximately equal currents to the load 126. With a DC generator which of the following regulation is preferred? C. 50% regulation D. 1% regulation

A. 100% regulation B. infinite regulation 127.

Which generator would you prefer for feeding long DC transmission lines?

A. series generator B. shunt generator

C. over compound generator D. flat compound generator

128. Two generators A and B running in parallel are supplying power to a common load of 500 kW. Generator A has armature resistance equal to half that of B. Which of the following statements is correct? A. both generators will share load equally B. generator A will take load less than the load taken by generator B C. generator B will take more loads as compared to generator A D. none of the above 129. In a DC generator the critical resistance can be increased by C. increasing its speed D. decreasing its speed

A. increasing its field resistance B. decreasing its field resistance 130. A. 2 131.

The number of armature parallel paths in two-pole DC generator having duplex lap winding is B. 4 C. 6 D. 8

For both lap and wave windings, there are as many commutator bars as the number of B. armature conductor C. winding elements D. poles

A. slots 132.

The series field of a short-shunt DC generator is excited by C. shunt current D. load current

A. external current B. armature current

133. As a result of armature reaction, the reduction in the mutual air gap flux in a DC generator is approximately A. 40 percent 134. B. 25 percent C. 10 percent D. 5 percent

Shunt generators are most suited for stable parallel operation because of their C. drooping voltage characteristics D. linear voltage characteristics

A. rising voltage characteristics B. identical voltage characteristics 135. is

The main factor which leads to unstable parallel operation of flat and over compounded generator

A. their rising voltage characteristics B. unequal number of turns in their series field windings C. unequal speed regulation of their prime movers D. unequal series field resistance

136. If a self excited DC generator after being installed, fails to build up on its first trial run, the first thing to do is to A. reverse the field connection B. increase the field resistance C. increase the speed of prime mover D. check armature insulation resistance

137. If residual magnetism of a shunt generator is destroyed accidentally, it may be restored by connecting its shunt field A. in reverse 138. B. to a battery C. to earth D. to an alternator

The slight curvature at the lower end of the O.C.C. of a self-excited DC generator is due to D. magnetic inertia E. none of the above

A. high armature speed B. high field circuit resistance C. residual pole flux

139. Which one of the following types of generators does not need equalizers for satisfactory parallel operation? A. Flat-compound 140. B. Over-compound C. Under-compound D. Series

The ___ generator has poorest voltage regulation. B. series C. compound D. over-compound

A. shunt 141.

A simple method of increasing the voltage of a DC generator is D. to decrease the speed of rotation E. any of the above

A. to increase the length of the armature B. to decrease the length of the armature C. to increase the speed of rotation 142.

Which one of the following generators is used for charging the batteries? B. series C. compound D. any of the above

A. shunt 143.

An external resistance added in the field of a DC shunt generator will

A. decrease the voltage of the generator D. increase the speed of the generator B. increase the voltage of the generator C. increase the power delivered 144. An ideal DC generator has a regulation of B. 70% C. 20% D. zero E. decrease the speed of the generator

A. 90% 145.

Which of the following statements is incorrect in DC shunt generators about hysteresis loss?

A. it is independent of lamination the armature B. it can be minimize by laminating the armature C. it depends upon the supply frequency D. none of the above 146. A properly designed DC generator can have an overall efficiency of B. 80% C. 95% D. 100%

A. 60%

147. In DC generator the change in voltage when the load is reduced from rated value to zero, expressed as a percentage of rated load voltage, is known as A. efficiency B. regulation C. armature reactance D. loss factor

148. If the no load voltage of a certain generator is 210 V and the rated voltage is 200 V, then the voltages regulation is A. 2.5% 149. B. 5% C. 10% D. 15%

Which generator cannot start if there is no residual magnetism? C. separately excited generator D. all of the above

A. series generator B. shunt generator 150.

In DC generators, the brushes remain in contact with conductors which C. lie in the inter-polar gaps D. none of the above

A. lie under South Pole B. lie under North Pole

151. When the shunt field of a compound generator is connected across both series field and armature. Such a convection is known as A. short shunt B. long shunt 152. C. cumulative compounding D. differential compounding

Drop in speed of a DC generator due to increase in load can be compensated by C. reducing the load voltage D. increasing the input to the prime mover

A. cooling the armature B. increasing the armature resistance 153. 154. 155. 156.

A dynamo is a machine which converts heat energy into electrical energy. Answer: NO When a dynamo is driven mechanically by a prime mover it is called a generator. Answer: YES A generator works on the principle of statically induced emf. Answer: NO In DC generators, the field is produced by the field magnets which are stationary. Answer: YES

157. 158.

Permanent magnets are used for large DC machines to create magnetic flux. Answer: NO The pole shoe acts as a support to the field coils and spreads out the flux in the air gap. Answer: YES

159. 160. 161. 162. 163. 164.

In small DC machines yokes are made of ____. Answer: cast iron Permeability of cast steel is about twice of cast iron. Answer: YES In small machines the poles are cast integral with the yoke. Answer: YES The purpose of armature is to produce magnetic flux. Answer: NO The armature is made from high permeability silicon-steel stampings. Answer: YES The commutator is a sort of rotating switch placed between the armature and the external circuit. Answer: YES

165. 166. 167. 168. 169. 170. 171. 172. 173.

Brushes are made of aluminum. Answer: NO Number of coils arranged in coil groups is called the ____ Answer: winding Open coil winding is that winding which does not close on itself. Answer: YES DC machines employ only open coil winding. Answer: NO Ring type of armature winding is an early from of armature winding. Answer: YES Drum winding may be either single layer or double layer winding. Answer: YES In a lap winding there are only two parallel paths. Answer: NO In a simplex lap winding back pitch and front pitch of all coils remain the same. Answer: YES In a simplex lap winding there are as many parallel paths in the armature as the number poles. Answer: YES

174. 175. 176.

Wave winding is also sometimes called ____ winding. Answer: series Simplex wave windings always have three parallel paths. Answer: NO In simplex wave winding both the pitches, back pitch and front pitch must be even numbers. Answer: NO

177.

In simplex wave winding commutator pitch is equal to average pitch. Answer: YES

178. If the duplex winding has an even number of pair of poles the number of commutator segments and coils must be even irrespective of whether the average pitch is odd or even. Answer: YES 179. ____ coils are placed in slots to preserve the balance of the machine but are not electrically connected to the rest of the winding. Answer: Dummy

180. When the field coils are excited from storage battery or from a separate DC source, the generator is called a self-excited generator. Answer: NO 181. Self-excited generators are those whose field coils are excited by the generator itself. Answer: YES 182. 183. 184. In a shunt generator the shunt field current is equal to armature current. Answer: NO The action of the armature mmf on the main mmf is termed the armature ___. Answer: reaction When a machine operates at no-load, there exists in it only the mmf of the main poles. Answer: YES 185. 186. 187. The armature magnetic field demagnetizes the main flux and distorts it. Answer: YES Cross-magnetizing component is parallel to the main field. Answer: NO Demagnetizing component is at right angles to the main field. Answer: NO Demagnetizing ampere-turns/pole = . Answer: NO

188.

189.

Cross-magnetizing ampere-turns/pole =

. Answer: YES

190.

. Answer: NO

191. The function of compensating winding is to neutralize the demagnetizing effect of armature reaction. Answer: NO 192. The compensating winding adds considerably to the winding cost of the machine and doubles the armature copper loss. Answer: YES 193. A compensating winding is used if the machine is subject to violent fluctuations in loads. Answer: YES 194. Number of armature ampere-turns/pole for compensating winding = 0.2 x armature ampereturns/pole. Answer: NO 195. Commutation means the process of current collection by the brush or the changes which take place in a coil during the period of short-circuit by a brush. Answer: YES 196. The main cause which makes the current reversal impossible in the specified period is the production of self-induced emf in the coil undergoing commutation. Answer: YES 197. In resistance commutation method low-resistance copper brushes are replaced by comparative high resistance ____ brushes. Answer: carbon

198. 199. 200. 201. 202. 203. 204.

Carbon brushes have ___ contract resistance. Answer: high The reversing emf can be produced by using interpoles or compoles. Answer: YES Equalizer connections are mostly used in ___ winding. Answer: lap No load saturation characteristic is also known as open circuit characteristics. Answer: YES Internal or total characteristic is of interest mainly to designer. Answer: YES Internal characteristic is also referred to as performance characteristics. Answer: NO External characteristics given relation between the terminal voltage and ___ current. Answer: load

205. The open circuit characteristics is obtained by calculating the resistance drop for a new values of current and adding this to the voltage shown by external characteristics. Answer: NO 206. The great advantage of separate excitation over all other forms of excitation is that the current is entirely independent of load current in the armature. Answer: YES 207. Field circuit resistance above the critical field resistance will fail to produce build-up of voltage in the generator. Answer: YES 208. The term voltage-regulation is used to indicate the degree of change in armature voltage produced by application of load. Answer: YES 209. A shunt generator find application in electric traction where dynamic braking is employed. Answer: NO 210. An over-compound generator is one whose terminal voltage falls with the application of load. Answer: NO 211. In case of compound wound generators the degree of compounding may be adjusted by means of diverter which shunts the series field. Answer: YES 212. A flat compound generator has a load voltage characteristics in which the no-load and full load voltages are unequal. Answer: NO 213. The ___ compound generator is defined as that compounding produced when the series field mmf opposes the shunt field mmf. Answer: differential 214. 215. 216. Series generators are used to charge batteries. Answer: NO A shunt generator is used as an arc welding generator. Answer: NO Generators are run in parallel to ensure continuity of service only. Answer: NO

217. Power sources are rarely duplicated in home or automobile service, but unusually are in air-craft, marine, rail and industrial use. Answer: YES

218. A parallel circuit is defined as one in which different voltage exists across each unit as the paralleling point. Answer: NO 219. One of the conditions of paralleling DC generators is that the polarities of the generators must be the same or the connection must be interchanged until they are. Answer: YES 220. The prime movers that drive the generators to be paralleled should have similar and stable rotational speed characteristics. Answer: YES 221. Whenever generators are in parallel their + ve and ve terminals are respectively connected to the + ve and ve sides of the bus-bars. Answer: YES 222. Under-compounded generators (those with drooping characteristics curves) may be operated satisfactorily in parallel in exactly the same manner as shunt generators. Answer: YES 223. While operating over-compounded generators in parallel an equalizer must be connected to the armature side of the series field on the side of same polarity for each machine. Answer: YES 224. The equalizer connection must have a very high resistance. Answer: NO

225. The series fields must have resistances directly proportional to the ratings of the respective generators. Answer: NO