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# MECHANICS OF MACHINES PART-A 1. Define a gear.

A gear is a wheel provided with teeth which mesh with the teeth on another wheel or on to rack so as to give positive transmission of motion from one component to another. 2. What are the types of gears? Spur gear , Helical gear, Bevel gear, Worm gear, Rack and pinion 3. Define pitch circle It is an imaginary circle which by pure rolling action would give the same motion as the actual gear. 4. State law of gearing. The common normal at the point of contact between a pair of teeth must always pass through the pitch point. 5. Define gear train The combination of gear wheels by mean of which motion is transmitted from one shaft to another shaft is called a gear train. 6. What are the types of gear train? Simple gear train, Component gear train, Epicyclic gear train
7. Explain offset follower. When the motion of the follower is along an axis away from the axis of the cam centre, it is called offset follower. 8. Define trace point. It is a reference point on the follower and is used to generate the pitch curve. In case of knife edge follower the knife edge represents the trace point and the pitch curve corresponds to the cam profile.

## 9. Define pressure angle with respect to cams.

It is the angle between the direction of the follower motion and a normal to the pitch curve. This angle is very important in designing a cam profile. If the pressure angle is too large, a reciprocating follower will jam in its bearings. 10. What is pitch curve? The locus or path of the tracing point is known as the pitch curve. For the purpose of laying out the cam profiles, it is assumed that the cam is fixed and the follower rotates around it. PART-B 11. In an epicyclic gear train, an arm carries two gears A and B having 36 and 45 teeth respectively. If the arm rotates at 150 r.p.m. in the anticlockwise direction about the centre of the gear A which is fixed, determine the speed of gear B. If the gear A instead of being fixed, makes 300 r.p.m. in the clockwise direction, what will be the speed of gear B ? Given : TA = 36 ; TB = 45 ; NC = 150 r.p.m. (anticlockwise)

12. A cam is to be designed for a knife edge follower with the following data :
1. Cam lift = 40 mm during 90 of cam rotation with simple harmonic motion. 2. Dwell for the next 30. 3. During the next 60 of cam rotation, the follower returns to its original position with simple harmonic motion. 4. Dwell during the remaining 180. Draw the profile of the cam when (a) the line of stroke of the follower passes through the axis of the cam shaft, and (b) the line of stroke is offset 20 mm from the axis of the cam shaft.

The radius of the base circle of the cam is 40 mm. Determine the maximum velocity and acceleration of the follower during its ascent and descent, if the cam rotates at 240 r.p.m.

13. A cam, with a minimum radius of 25 mm, rotating clockwise at a uniform speed
is to be designed to give a roller follower, at the end of a valve rod, motion described below : 1. To raise the valve through 50 mm during 120 rotation of the cam ; 2. To keep the valve fully raised through next 30; 3. To lower the valve during next 60; and 4. To keep the valve closed during rest of the revolution i.e. 150 ; The diameter of the roller is 20 mm and the diameter of the cam shaft is 25 mm. Draw the profile of the cam when (a) the line of stroke of the valve rod passes through the axis of the cam shaft, and (b) the line of the stroke is offset 15 mm from the axis of the cam shaft. The displacement of the valve, while being raised and lowered, is to take place with simple harmonic motion. Determine the maximum acceleration of the valve rod when the cam shaft rotates at 100 r.p.m. Draw the displacement, the velocity and the acceleration diagrams for one complete revolution of the cam.

## Cam profile of roller follower with offset circle

14.Draw the profile of the cam when the roller follower moves with cycloidal motion during out stroke and return stroke, as given below : 1. out stroke with maximum displacement of 31.4 mm during 180 of cam rotation, 2. Return stroke for the next 150 of cam rotation, 3. Dwell for the remaining 30 of cam rotation. The minimum radius of the cam is 15 mm and the roller diameter of the follower is 10 mm. The axis of the roller follower is offset by 10 mm towards right from the axis of cam shaft.

15.It is required to set out the profile of a cam to give the following motion to the reciprocating follower with a flat mushroom contact face : (i) Follower to have a stroke of 20 mm during 120 of cam rotation; (ii) Follower to dwell for 30 of cam rotation; (iii) Follower to return to its initial position during 120 of cam rotation; and (iv) Follower to dwell for remaining 90 of cam rotation. The minimum radius of the cam is 25 mm. The out stroke of the follower is performed with simple harmonic motion and the return stroke with equal uniform acceleration and retardation