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INTRODUCTION

Following is your personal copy of the Classic British Horoscope. At the height of the British Empire, certain men and women, who were educated and intelligent, began to redeem astrology from the disrepute of its superstitious past. In March 1880, Richard Garnett, a wide-ranging author and scholar, who was a librarian at the British Museum, writing under the anagram pen name of A.G. Trent, published an article titled The Soul and the Stars, giving the details and positive results of his astrological study into the charts of historical persons afflicted with insanity (see his E.B. 1911 bio). He wrote, quite sensibly, that we "fully admit that astral science is incompetent to explain the divergences of human constitution and character without a free use of the doctrine of heredity. Our contention is that the two theories complete each other, the latter accounting for the element of stability, the former for the element of variability." He went on to say, "We have appealed throughout to the testimony of facts of history and biography, partly astronomical observations derived from no more recondite source than the ordinary ephemeris. Any one can verify or disprove these observations in a moment by the same process; any one who will be at the trouble to search for examples can investigate the subject for himself." Although they had to protect their careers by writing under pen names, an increasing number of courageous and pioneering men and women did just that. The labor of a century of workers has been to learn how to read horoscopes in an accurate manner. A major step in this direction came with Alan Leo's 1911 publication of *A Thousand and One Notable Nativities*. The best classic astrology writers clearly spent hours and hours poring over the planet positions of the subjects in this book, learning how to read their charts by synthesizing the placements and patterns of the planets. The answer as to why astrology revived first in Great Britain must lie in the prosperity of the nation at that time - with their basic needs met, individuals had the leisure time and resources to devote to understanding the human condition. During the same historical period, pioneers elsewhere, notably in Vienna, had discovered and were studying the unconscious mind from the psychoanalytic point of view. This horoscope draws upon the following interpretations: Alan Leo: Rising sign interpretations and planets conjunct the Ascendant. Sepharial: Planets in the houses. Evangeline Adams: Planets in the signs. Charles E.O. Carter: Aspects between the planets. John Halloran: Pluto in the signs and houses, aspects to Pluto.

As you read your horoscope, you will note that the classic interpretations tend to deal more with external forms and events than do the increasingly psychological and theoretical interpretations of more recent astrology. They are also not evasive about the planetary placements and aspects which produce trauma and difficulty. Most of us are affected deeply by events throughout the course of our lives. And it tends to be negative experiences that send people in search of astrological guidance. Perhaps one of the finest services that an astrologer can perform for a client is to offer an explanation of a traumatic occurrence, an explanation which challenges the politically correct view that misfortune 'just happens'. The interpretations of the Planets in the Signs are the most different from what you will find in a typical brief cookbook-style delineation. But in addition to the thoroughness of these well-written delineations, the discussion of example charts of historical figures who had that planet-sign position teach us how the famous Evangeline Adams actually combined the planets in a chart to arrive at an overall synthesis. This is a valuable skill to learn. To allow AstrolDeluxe program users to look at the charts of the historical figures discussed, I made sure that they are all included, usually with good birth times, in Halloran Software's Famous Charts collection. The data-collection process which Alan Leo began in 1911 with his publication in England of *1001 Notable Nativities* flowered with the thorough, careful work of the late Lois M. Rodden, assisted by members of ISAR and many astrological professionals. Now students in every corner of the earth can spend the quality time needed to learn astrology by easily looking at the relations between planets in a variety of accurate charts and comparing them to known biographies. I have edited and polished these interpretations, so that they are now different from the originals. In some cases, the astrology pioneers had the wrong birth or chart information for the historical figure. And it was fascinating to see how elements of a subject's life sometimes mystified the astrologer who did not yet have access to information about the planet Pluto, discovered in 1930. In all cases, Pluto completed the interpretation. These astrologers also did not know about aspect pattern focus planets, the interpretation of which Halloran Software has pioneered. When important to the understanding of an historical figure's chart, I have edited the discussion to make it complete.

The Classic horoscope template instructs the astrology program to consider a previous house planet to be in the next house if the planet is within four degrees of the house cusp. The interpretation for a planet in a house applies more strongly when the planet is near the house cusp. If the interpretation does not seem to apply, visual examination of the chart will usually show that while the planet is in that house, it is more towards the house's middle or end degrees, away from the cusp. Note that reports for unknown birth times are shorter because they omit readings for the rising sign or for house placements. A "Strength" number precedes each aspect interpretation towards the end of the reading. This number synthesizes how exact is the aspect, whether the aspect is major or minor, and whether an aspecting planet is close to one of the four chart angles. The higher the Strength, the more you are likely to feel the aspect and to live it out in your life. I envision the Classic British Horoscope as the first of many natal interpretation reports to work with the Astrology for Windows program, which is a free internet download. I enjoyed researching biographies and writing the Pluto interpretations. Halloran Software's Famous Charts collection of 5,000 charts, assisted by the search features in AstrolDeluxe, especially the new By Dominant search, helped to identify famous individuals with relevant biographies. Previously, I spent a gratifying nine months researching and writing a set of 392 interpretations for the Halloran Aspect Patterns report, that works with AstrolDeluxe. If you have your own ideas about what should be in a horoscope report, you can open the classic.hro natal file, or the soultran.hro transits file, with a text editor like Windows Notepad and save it to a different name, such as allmine.hro, and then make all the substitutions that you want. Afterward, you can select to use your new file at Customization, Horoscope Report Options. It costs you nothing to do this. Your text can even be in a different world language. You can then decide whether to keep the resulting interpretations exclusively for your own use, to share them, or to let Halloran Software pay you for permission to encrypt your interpretations and sell them to registered program users.

Horoscope for Current Transits PLACEMENTS Rising Sign


Scorpio Ascendant Scorpio was rising at your birth; a sign belonging to the element water and to the fixed quality. This gives you a strong and forceful character, positive and decided. You generally know your own mind and are clear and emphatic in your ideas and opinions. Irresolution is not usually one of the weaknesses of this sign. You are brave and courageous and do not shrink from controversy or dispute if it is thrust upon you. You are self-reliant and do not shirk responsibility. You have strong likes and dislikes towards both persons and ideas, and you do not easily change either your opinions or your habits of life. You have much strength of will; and although feelings, emotions, and passions sometimes sway you intensely, you have much endurance and persistence and you can work hard and long to achieve your ends. You have a good deal of pride and dignity, and are capable of much anger if either of these is wounded. You should have considerable executive ability and are capable of becoming a good practical worker if you turn your attention in this direction. You are a good fighter, and the critical, sarcastic, and analytical sides of your nature are active. You are ingenious and resourceful; at times too brusque and emphatic in manner and not sufficiently conciliatory towards those who differ from you; and you are ambitious and masterful. You have some taste for things mystical, occult, curious and secret. Mars and Pluto are the planets that rule the sign Scorpio.

Sun
The Sun stands for the individuality, just as the Moon expresses the personality. It also governs the constitution and is the Life force and backbone of the whole system. Where the Sun is strong by position of aspects, it gives strength of character, a powerful will and a vigorous constitution, all of which contribute toward making the life successful. Where the Sun is weak, there is danger of short life or one broken by spells of illness or much misfortune. It cannot be too strongly emphasized that an analysis of the meaning of every factor in Astrology is dependent upon its relation to every other factor. For instance, the Sun in each sign has a certain definite influence which it invariably exerts, but that influence, thus exerted, is combined with every other influence of the Sun in its house position and in its aspects, as well as in reference to the ascending sign and other planetary positions and aspects. Thus, it is from the sum of the forces and not from each one of them separately judged, that an analysis is made. The reader should remember, therefore, that to read the analysis of the Sun in the signs as it follows, as an analysis verbatim of the solar position in a nativity, to read it except as one of the forces of a nativity to be united, accentuated or modified by the other factors involved, is not scientific astrology and will not give a true interpretation. The statements true in themselves, must be united intellectually, in each particular nativity, with other particular factors of that nativity; and then, and only then, are the peculiarities of individual instances described.

Sun in Virgo The sign Virgo is almost as mercurial as that of Gemini, but, being of an earthy nature, it is rather the fixed than the volatile Mercury which it manifests. The natural coldness of Mercury is rather accentuated. The vitality is manifested upon the mental plane, but in a more practical way than was the case with Gemini. The ratiocinative power is strong and the sense of causality extremely so, but there is not the same tendency toward idealism as we saw with the sign of the Twins. Virgo is a practical sign; its native does not doubt the existence of spiritual planes, but the everyday facts of the world are apt to occupy his attention and prevent him from explorations into the unseen. The nature is just, but not overly sympathetic. The native is apt to be retiring and somewhat solitary. There is a certain shyness in the disposition which prevents the native from showing himself as he is, and this often makes it difficult for him to acquire the confidence of others. Even where this reserve wears off superficially through social intercourse, it still exists beneath the surface, and the real native is at heart unapproachable, as is seen in observing Goethe, Maeterlinck, Tolstoi, and Herbert Asquith. People with the Sun in Virgo are discriminative and keenly critical, but they are tactful and likely to keep their discoveries to themselves. They are accurate observers of detail, often very methodical, but, as a rule, have not the creative force necessary for successful generalization. The memory is excellent and retentive, but too apt to allow garnered facts to repose unused. The emotions are not easily aroused, nor easily quieted when aroused, but in no case do they play a great part in the disposition. There are few extremes in this sign. Generally even-balanced and cool-headed, the native makes few pretensions and works quietly and unobserved. But there is sometimes an inordinate pride in the intellectual ability, which may not be justified. Queen Elizabeth I is a notable example of this intellectual vanity. The critical quality is a valuable mental attainment, but one is not in the first class unless he can construct originally.

Virgo rules the bowels and the sympathetic nervous system. The central nervous system of the human body is well symbolized by the caduceus of Mercury. The head of the wand is the cerebellum and the wings are the two halves of the cerebrum. The shaft is the spinal column and the snakes which surround it are the nadi, ida, and pingala, which surround the central shushumna in the Hindu anatomy. Thus, all mental and nervous forces in their most physical aspects are under Mercury. Many spinal complaints are, therefore, caused by afflictions of Virgo. Virgo also corresponds in man to the abdomen, ruling in this attribution the liver; the gall bladder and gall ducts; the spleen; pancreas and suprarenal capsules. The kidneys, acting as a filter, are under Libra. The remainder of the urinary apparatus is under Scorpio, which also rules the reproductive system. Capricornus is intimately connected with Scorpio and rules the muscular portion of the reproductive system, Scorpio being more concerned with the glands and their secretions. But an affliction of Virgo may lead to disease in any one of these parts sooner or later, through sympathetic response to any irritation of the spinal or glandular nerves. The Virgo native is greatly affected by worry and also by the magnetism of others, and care in diet is an extremely important factor in the preservation of his health. Sun in the Eleventh House Constant and honorable friends; honors through them; association of men in good position; successful ambitions, well-regulated hopes.

Moon
The Moon has to do largely with personality, just as the Sun has to do with individuality. The sign in which the Moon is placed describes the type of the personality, showing its variety and quality just as the Sun shows the type and quality of the individuality. As the personality is the intimate and more immediate expression of the temperament and measures the quality and power of sense impression, and therefore the scope and precision of the mental forces, it indirectly determines what we might call the fluid of being. Moreover, as both mental and emotional forces depend first upon sense impression, and since personality is that singular union of the mental and the emotional, it follows that the Moon's position is the focal point wherein sense, mind, and emotion meet in the formation of character. The Moon largely determines the kind of life and activity with which the average human being meets life day by day.

Moon in Aries Aries is not at all sympathetic to the Moon, he being the most active, hot, and fiery of the signs, and she, the most passive, cold, and watery of the planets. It gives great brilliancy, acuteness, and susceptibility to the senses, but they are always on a terribly fine edge, so that extreme nervousness is likely to result. This may show itself in an extraordinarily quick temper, almost amounting to snappiness. Henry VIII, Robespierre, Swinburne, and Lord Northcliffe are all very good examples of this trait, which arose, not from any fault of temper or bad disposition in the ordinary sense, but from the intense over-strain upon them by the too great activity of the nerves which communicated impressions. In the case of women, where the life also is ruled by the Moon, we get an excellent example in George Sand. The directness and vividness of the sensations usually lead to great mental independence and activity; mental reaction takes place very rapidly. It is very difficult for persons with this position to doubt the evidence of their senses; and, unless some other aspects tend to diminish the executive power or to delay the operation of the judgment, the native will be so convinced as to the accuracy of whatever is presented to him that he will act immediately without consideration. For the same reason, the native is apt to resent authority and to be disinclined to listen to advice. There is a strong tendency to accept all ideas which are presented to one as merely emotional and to leave them thus; as if the mind were naturally attracted to Berkeleyan idealism. In consequence of this, and of the swift, almost automatic operation of action and reaction, the native is sometimes credited with originality, but this gift is often a defect, since it usually implies contradictions in thought, arising from a lack of reflection and correlation of the various trains of thought. Thus, for example, we see Swinburne reading a paragraph in the newspapers about the wrongs of somebody in Russia and flashing into print with a violent sonnet against the Czar or perhaps against kings in general. In the same way, Henry VIII would dismiss a trusted minister, perhaps send him to the block, in what was little better than a fit of temper.

Such people, however, are generally fortunate when they are in the exercise of professions where quick decision is everything to success, and where hesitation, however necessary to calm judgment, means failure. The position obtained by Lord Northcliffe in English journalism is evidently due, in great measure, to possession of this quality. His rashness may have led him into follies, but they did not matter, because everything was forgotten in the excitement of the next moment. This quickness to respond to impression is obviously likely to lead to the exhibition of qualities precisely contrary to those which are described as fidelity and domesticity. Every new fancy makes its full impression at once, and then passes, leaving little trace. When the Moon is in Taurus, taste and touch are probably more important to the native; in Aries, the best developed of the senses is usually sight. When the Moon is in Aries, the women in the life of the native are brilliant, passionate, headstrong, and impractical. They are very often intellectual and capable of immense initiative. As a general rule, in the case of a man, he will find it very difficult to control them, and, for the most part, his association with them will be short-lived, terminating more often than not, in quarrel. Where the Moon is well-aspected, they may be of the greatest use to him in his career. There is, however, no great promise of anything like enduring constancy on the part of the man. We find Henry VIII, and others whom we have mentioned above, flitting from flower to flower like butterflies; but in not one of these cases do we find any woman in the life who exercised a permanent influence of a truly domestic character. Mothers having children with the Moon in Aries must strive to be practical and avoid being too ambitious for them, allowing them to use their own judgment in selecting their playmates and amusements, and later in life, in deciding on their own career. Moon in the Sixth House Many changes among servants; uncertain health; variable condition of life. The native generally makes a good servant but a poor master. Much sickness in infancy.

Mercury
Mercury is the most truly sensitive of all the planets. Venus and the Moon are more easily affected, it is true, but for them a better term is "impressionable." Mercury is the adolescent; he responds to every impression like the weathervane, which is a very different thing from the reception and reflection of every impression. In slightly different language, Mercury is not modified by the signs as are the more passive planets; rather each excites him to give a special expression of opinion. Mercury is, as we know, the mind; and while the contents of the mind are determined by the food of the mind, yet different minds deal quite differently with identical foods. It has been said that thousands of people before Newton saw apples fall from trees, but their only impulse was to eat them. The proper and best influence upon Mercury is Saturn, and without his steadying hand to hold him in tutorship to a profounder wisdom, Mercury may be frivolous and vain. It is only when Mercury is overpowered by Venus that the mental qualities become subservient and slavish, so that one may say of the native "he has no mind of his own." There is, however, always the safeguard of the proximity of the Sun, especially when the conjunction is not too close. Mercury in Libra The fine and delicate judgment given by Mercury in Libra is at once its virtue and its vice; for in practical matters rough-and-ready decision is often of more value than accuracy, and the insistence on the latter which this position gives, if exaggerated, means hesitation, vacillation, and delay. There is generally a quick intuitive flash of conviction followed by the attempt to weigh the decision logically, which is often dangerous. The better policy would be to train the mind to follow its intuitions. It is the old story of the ass who starved between two thistles because he could not decide which he would eat first. In matters where mind is the sole consideration, however, Libra is as good a sign as can be found for Mercury. The Venusian nature softens the metallic coldness of the Mercurial nature, and Saturn being exalted in Libra, there is an added element of wisdom which pure reason lacks. The real drawback is in the airy nature of the sign, which may give a certain looseness and even frivolity to the disposition of the mind. There is usually great ambition for intellectual accomplishments, but little inclination to labor to attain them. The mind easily becomes distracted; sometimes we may find the native "Jack of all trades, and master of none," as the saying goes.

Such people, too, have the defect common to the open mind; they form an opinion after long and careful study, and yet may abandon it at a moment's notice on quite inadequate grounds. The sensitive balance of the mind makes it very difficult to speak positively about such people without the fullest study of the whole horoscope. With this position we find the most varied accomplishments. Great mystics and artists like Coleridge, great lexicographers like Sir Richard Quain, great statesmen like Kruger, great lawyers like Lord Brougham, great theologians like Savonarola, great scholars like Erasmus, great philosophers like Cornelius Agrippa, great rulers like Queen Elizabeth I, great actresses like Mrs. Langtry, great courtesans like Cleo de Merode - all come under this possibility. One cannot tell merely from the position itself along what lines the mind may move, or even how it will work, as Mercury in this sign is more sensitive and pliable than in any other. The position may, however, be called good; it is rare to find a thoroughly incompetent mentality with Mercury in this sign; such an event is unlikely to occur unless there be serious affliction. Unless, however, there are some good aspects to strengthen Mercury, the mind is likely to be shallow. Mercury in the Twelfth House Many small enmities, frequently caused by writings and scandalous reports; the mind is self-absorbed, and narrow in its sympathies; taste for occult science and secret schemes, plots, and intrigues.

Venus
It may, on first consideration, appear somewhat difficult to differentiate between the action of Venus, the "Lesser Fortune," and that of Jupiter, the "Greater Fortune." Both represent the expansive and altruistic spirit. But Venus is the handmaiden of the Sun and she is consequently attached to the vital force, even as Jupiter is more closely an emanation of Neptune, the other extreme of the system, the Soul. The altruism of Venus, therefore, means love in a quite conventional and often selfish or personal sense; her expansiveness is often mere amiability, possibly assumed in order to gain some end associated with the instinct of self-preservation; and, finally, Venus is altogether more material and, so to speak, fleshy, than Jupiter. Venus in any sign has so much connotation or reference that it is very necessary to take into consideration not only the sign in which it is placed, but also its aspects to other planets before judging of its effects. But the importance of the impact of the different signs is very great. In fact, the more material a planet is, the more easily it is influenced. We see no such violent commotion in the vaster planets; Uranus in Aries is not so different from Uranus in Libra, but Venus in Gemini is utterly different from Venus in Scorpio. In dealing with Venus on the lines hitherto followed with the other planets, we are confronted with a difficulty peculiar to the nature of her own influence. It is easy to observe most of the effects of other planets in the life, character, and work of great men, but we know little of the inner details of their domestic and intimate relations. Alexander the Great may have beaten his wife, and Cromwell may have been a very clever and tactful father, but in the majority of those examples which have hitherto served us so well, we know little or nothing of the private life. And it is essentially, and first of all, the private life that Venus influences. The reader must, therefore, be content to rely, to a certain extent, upon the authority of the author regarding the influence of Venus.

Venus in Scorpio It is very unfortunate for Venus to find herself in a sign which is both martial and watery. It completely destroys any altruistic tendencies, and it may turn her amiability not only into sensuality but into something grosser still. Her influence is often extremely violent; passion is intense and physical; unless gratified it is likely to turn into hatred; and, even when it is reciprocated, its career is likely to be stormy, in particular afflictions it may end in treacheries and tragedies. People with this position run the greatest danger of getting themselves into social trouble. It is particularly important to guard against misalliance either with or without the assent of the law. The extreme violence of the feelings may also react ultimately upon the health; since, great as the capacity is, the desires are still stronger and may easily lead to dangerous excess. A disappointment also frequently arises from too great straightforwardness. Such people are likely to frighten the birds which they wish to ensnare. They are sometimes unscrupulous in the pursuit of their plans. No consideration seems to weigh with them. This naturally results in what may pass with the world for success, and unquestionably the physical magnetism is as great of its kind as in any other sign. In fact Libra alone rivals it. But the magnetism of Libra is subtle and perverse, whereas that of Scorpio is coarse and gross. In dealing with the nativities of people who have lacked the refining influences of education, this position stands for quite animal dissipation and is nearly always associated with drunkenness. People of a higher type naturally escape such extremes. But frequently the cynical temperament develops as a result of satiety. This is marked in the cases of Sainte Beuve, Benjamin Disraeli, and Marie Antoinette. In the last case one may regard this position of Venus in her horoscope as one of the principal causes of the French Revolution. One has only to examine the innumerable pamphlets which were written against her to see how this came about. Venus in Scorpio does not appear compatible with any striking tendencies towards artistic development, and she is also here very weak in tact and amiability. In the case of Swiss-German artist Paul Klee she is inspired as part of a tight Mystic Rectangle with Jupiter, Uranus, and Neptune - but until he met Kandinsky, his art consisted of black-and-white grotesques and satires. It must be remembered that in this sign she is in her detriment. Of course, the usual modifications caused by aspects are always to be considered, but the position is so sensual that it takes a great deal to overcome its natural tendencies.

People with this position are extremely self-possessive in the matter of affection. Jealousy with them is a passion far more consuming than the love which has given birth to it. A trifling disappointment will turn love into hate - relentless and unscrupulous. The character of the passion is as physical as when Venus is in Taurus, but in the earthy sign, she connects with all the natural, genial, domestic, human qualities. Venus in Scorpio may be called almost demoniac; weary, but unsatisfied, is her motto. She never rests. Scorpio in many of its aspects is symbolized by the sea in storm, and the qualities of that element accurately symbolize this temperament. The magnetism is extraordinarily strong, but may be called primitive. There is a kind of fascination which the innocent frequently fail to recognize, and which consequently makes them fall an easy prey. This type is curiously open to flattery. A compliment is always taken as surrender, as a tribute to the superiority of the native. Venus in Scorpio is extremely passionate and irresistible. It will not be content with anything but exact fulfillment of its desires. It is consequently necessary for the loved one to comply absolutely, or at least to seem to comply with sufficient skill to pretend; and this is, evidently, by no means a dignified or worthy position for anyone to maintain. It must be borne in mind that, when Venus is in Scorpio, the Sun and Mercury may, at the same time, be in either Libra or Sagittarius; in such case, much that has been said would be largely modified, or the education and circumstances of the native would be such that the qualities imparted by the pure Venus in Scorpio would be latent and never be brought to the surface. They might be expressed through a feeling of great dissatisfaction and suppression. Venus in the First House Amiable and docile nature; fondness for poetry, music, singing, dancing, the drama, and fine arts, with every kind of sparkle and glitter. Jewels, scents, and personal ornamentation are favored by the native of Venus. It confers a sociable spirit, much inclined to brilliant company, pageants, and festivities; and generally conduces to domestic and social success.

Mars
Mars represents the muscular system; it is often found that a weak brain goes with great development of physical strength, and vice versa. It might even occur that the whole of the higher faculties might be harmonious and strong, yet fail to make good, owing to the lack of practical energy, boldness, and capacity for rather brutal work. The material plane continually presents obstacles to the higher nature; Mars is the force which pushes such obstacles aside, or demolishes them. His external influence upon the man as distinguished from his internal influence within the character, is that of excitement, inflammation, violence, and accident. Thus a square of Mars to the Sun might give a rugged constitution and dauntless energy, and at the same time subject the native to fevers and accidents from fire or steel. The power of Mars will, of course, as before, be modified by his position in the Zodiac, and, owing to his material and therefore easily-molded nature, the variations will be, on the whole, more extreme than we have found to be the case with planets of greater spirituality. Yet so great is his importance, that a badly afflicted Mars practically inhibits the native from making wise use of his enormous energy. It is a curious and somewhat paradoxical situation, and the student cannot pay too much attention to its study. Mars in Leo Where the fire of Mars burns brightly, he obliterates minor distinctions. The Sun is, himself, fire; in fact, Mars is but the fiery part of the Sun, so that Leo is as favorable to the development of Mars as even Aries; indeed, more so. For the solar influence tends towards balance, breadth, and fullest development in the fiery impulses; Aries is, as it were, too martial to be the highest good for Mars. We shall find as a rule, therefore, people with less passionate intensity of action, but with wider sympathies, than we found in Aries. Of course, in some cases Saturn's influence may override this; one cannot expect a person intensely narrow and selfish to act in accordance with sentiments better illustrated by Jupiter. Yet, all things considered, his method will be broader than had Mars been in Aries. George Eliot has a most noble and beautiful Mars, trine to the Sun and Venus; it lent force and fire to a rather cramped and disappointed ego. (Her Saturn is sextile to the Moon and square to Uranus and Neptune, implying melancholy.) Hence the brilliance and color of her work is objective; the expression is more genial than that which it expresses.

Lily Langtry has Mars in the tenth house very powerful, but squared by Uranus. It is not the important complex. A certain amount of scandal is implied; but the dominant position and generous Zodiacal situation of Mars tend to make this innocuous. The scandal is so big that it becomes a negligible factor. Lord Brougham, again, a man of a most acrid and vitriolic spirit, had Mars in Leo to thank for his breadth of action. He could not (luckily for him) express himself in mean ways. William Blake is an example of the other side of the picture. Here we find the most tremendous development of the higher faculties, but no adequate and equal disposition of Mars, which, besides being in this exuberant and generous sign, is opposed by difficult Saturn and conjoined by nebulous Neptune. Hence his failure to realize practically his immense conceptions. Herbert Spencer, on the other hand, has a grand Mars with Saturn trine and the Sun square. Here is great wisdom combined with great activity, steadily forcing the idea upon a reluctant world, by open and honest methods, and indomitable courage, pluck, and perseverance. The square of the Sun implies opposition, and gives some threat to the health. Another great-hearted and successful man was General Grant, whose generous action at Appomattox is altogether characteristic of this Mars in Leo position. Lord Bulwer-Lytton is a similar case of great success won by geniality of action. Caesar Borgia, by contrast, has Mars in conjunction with Saturn, in opposition to Jupiter, and square to Uranus, with no help but the sextile of the Sun and the semi-sextile of Venus. This tends to mask the Leo influence; however, we still see it to some extent in the range of his action; in the pride and splendor with which he worked. Edward VI of England, on the other hand, has Mars square to Mercury, and in conjunction with Uranus, with only the trine of Neptune to counter balance these misfortunes; and yet we see the Leo influence on Mars still peeping through in the shape of those qualities which make kings lovable. And as he was the bestloved king, save Coeur-de-Lion and Henry the Fifth, that ever ruled England, so was James II the most hated. Here Mars was rising, with the only aspect a close square to Pluto in Taurus. Leo combined with adverse Pluto brought obstinacy and haughtiness into the method. The Sun, lord of Leo, is in Scorpio, badly aspected by a conjunction of Neptune and a square to the Moon, which symbolizes the Public; and, as Leo is rising, the influence is all the more evil. The vivid warmth and generosity of Turner's method of painting is very characteristic, though, happily, of this position. Here Mars is square to the conjunction of Jupiter and Venus, and this appears to have given the force and directness which is the wonder of his technique.

Benjamin Disraeli is a great example of this Leo effect on Mars. His eccentricities were all of a gorgeous order; and he made them part of his career, of his method of influencing his contemporaries. Mars being also lord of the Ascendant, of course made this tendency inevitable. Lord Wolseley is a case of the exuberance of this position of Mars. He was too good-natured and too popular to become a Napoleon. Neptune, too, is in opposition, which would tend to thwart the material benefits of Mars. The strength of the Mars of Madame Steinheil is enormous. It is not only angular on the Descendant and sextile to the Moon and square to Pluto, but also trine to the Sun, Jupiter, Neptune, Mercury and Venus in Aries, and to Saturn in Sagittarius. Here is a tremendous complex of eight planets, which stamps her with the very hallmark of success. But the Leo influence still shines in her method; whatever she might do, she would give a sunny smile, and "get away with it." One is at first heartily surprised to find Robespierre in this long list. But a little investigation soon clears away the difficulty. Mars is in the sixth house, conjoined with Neptune, and square to the Sun. The trine of Jupiter seems here merely to make him effective. Now, Saturn rising and lord of the Ascendant is, with his aspects, the key to the horoscope, and there is no relation between him and Mars. So we see that, after all, the method of the man was totally distinct from his purpose. And what was that method? Leo all over! Big, frank, open talk, generous sentiments, noble aspirations, the phraseology of a Mazzini or a Lincoln! It is an admirable illustration of the "mask" in astrology. Had Saturn and Uranus aspected Mars, all these sentiments would have been genuine. Much geniality is evident in the method of the late J. Pierpont Morgan. He was indeed the Napoleon of finance; there was nothing underhanded, sly or treacherous about his ways; and he was interested in many things beyond his business. The conjunction of Jupiter accentuates this tendency. Similarly genial, but not so effective, is the Mars of W. B. Yeats. Here Neptune is trine, and a conjunction of Venus with Pluto is square, neither aspect of great help to the practical side of Mars. It is an admirable picture of the easy openness of his method, both in art and in life. With Saturn trine, instead of Neptune, he might have been as austere as Blake, and as successful as Maeterlinck. The glow and riot of Swinburne's early verse is also to be attributed to this position of Mars. Once again we must insist that we refer to the actual technique, not to the matter or the manner. With Jupiter conjoined, Mercury and Venus trine, and Neptune in opposition, we can well explain the rhythms with which he enriched the English language.

Mars in the Tenth House In military life, success; in other fields of work, danger of discredit. The native suffers from slander, and his life is filled with turmoil and strife. Desire for conquest and a spirit of freedom spur the native to outstrip his powers and exhaust his energies. The native is often quarrelsome, but quite as often the subject of constant fault-finding and criticism.

Jupiter
Jupiter, in a general classification, may be said to be the precise contrary of Saturn. The latter constricts and conserves; the former expands and spends. The one is egoism; the other altruism. In religious symbolism Saturn is Jehovah "I am that I am" - which is only a theocratic way of saying "everything for myself." Jupiter is the divine Son, Jesus - the benevolently spendthrift heir - who gives his very life for others. Jupiter is the instinct of creation, of generosity and hospitality, and of the religious emotions generally; and, of course, in so far as the man is passive to Jupiter, he represents these qualities in the cosmos bestowed upon the man, and hence "Good fortune." Naturally, his action depends, with regard to its scope, upon Neptune and Uranus. Unless these planets, signifying respectively the soul and the divine will, indicate bigness in the career, a good Jupiter will be no more than a luck-bringer in business or profession, and make the character noble, generous, and easy-going; and a weak Jupiter will only defeat advancement in life, and tend to enfeeble the character by making it spendthrift, luxurious, and unable to resist the influence of others. We have intimated above through what channels Jupiter comes to express his creative and generous tendencies in material prosperity; but another point which should be emphasized in this regard is that Jupiter represents to a very great extent the ambition of the native. The force, quality, and degree of success of this ambition will be indicated by the strength and position of the planet, and the direction or channel through which this ambition may work out its best prosperity will be shown by the sign which Jupiter occupies, modified of course by other contributory conditions. In the days when a man was either a lord or a serf, a knight or an innkeeper, it was comparatively easy to determine with exactness a man's vocation. In modern days, however, there are thousands of different and characteristic types of employment. While Jupiter is the key to the type of work which may bring a man money or profit, it does not necessarily follow that it is the kind of vocation for which he has the greatest inclination. Too often, indeed, his inclination is not that for which he is best adapted, or it is incompatible with his environment and education. On the other hand, an accurate observer may often see a person with distinct abilities for a certain type of work, and yet he recognizes that, for some other reason, he had an inability to make a success of that work.

Jupiter in Cancer In Cancer, Jupiter is in the house of his exaltation; and that sign being above all a symbol of pleasure, we may naturally expect that it will bring out the truly "jovial" qualities of the planet. This is undoubtedly the case; the native is good-humored, benevolent, and humane; the emotional nature and the imagination are strong; but the pleasantest qualities are more evident in the nativities of private persons than in those of the great. In those there will nearly always be a counterbalance, or life would be dissipated into mere pleasure. The chart of the French novelist Marcel Proust is instructive because Jupiter is angular right on the fourth house cusp, from which it squares Mars and opposes Saturn. The themes of Proust's life and work were guilt and memory, set into motion by the death of his mother. Cancer has a strong connection to home, mother, tradition, and education. Steel magnate and library philanthropist Andrew Carnegie has Jupiter trine rising Mercury and square to Pluto. Born just five days after Carnegie with the same Scorpio ascendant, Mark Twain (Clemens) has the same Mercury and Pluto aspects plus he has Jupiter square the Moon, ruler of Cancer, which emphasizes the connection to the public and the common man. Oliver Cromwell, the wealthy landowner who became the Lord Protector for England after its civil war and who then voluntarily relinquished his position, had Jupiter in the fourth in aspect to the Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, and Saturn. Another statesman who labored for the public good was Benjamin Franklin, whose Cancer Jupiter opposes his Sun and is in quintile to Saturn; his brilliance and his robust physical health stems from a grand Fire trine between Mars, Neptune, and Pluto. He also had Moon sextile Venus, which made him successful as a diplomat. Let us look at the Jupiter of two strong, self-centered men, Jay Gould and Joseph Chamberlain, and of one weak, selfish man, James II. Jay Gould has Jupiter in conjunction with Venus, which turns the self-indulgence shown by Cancer into love of money, and of course implies great luck in getting hold of it. There are no good aspects. Chamberlain has Saturn square, which removes the religious and philanthropic impulses. James II has Uranus square to Jupiter, and the Moon semi-sextile. This is weakness. Jupiter is lord of the ninth house; so we find, as we should expect, religious bigotry, the affliction by Uranus denying illumination.

Dr. Zamenhof, the inventor of Esperanto, with his benevolent ideas should have a strong Jupiter; and, indeed, the planet has a trine to innovative Neptune and is inconjunct to Sun and Mercury. These aspects are not strong enough to carry the idea to a successful accomplishment; for this, there should have been favorable aspects to Uranus and Mercury; had there been, we might indeed have had a "universal language" that would have commended itself to the world. John Bright, one of the really fine religious and humanitarian types of the Victorian era, has Jupiter just above the Ascendant; where he is the only planet in the east and is the focus of a Yod pattern from Venus, Neptune, and Mars. In everyday life, the native who has Jupiter in Cancer is imaginative and intuitional, sometimes with inclinations for psychism or other mysteries. The position gives excellent aptitude for moneymaking and the ability to hold money after it has been acquired. He is likely to travel much by water, but is fond of home and is apt to find himself very closely bound by affection to his mother. People born with Jupiter in Cancer have a splendid sense of the practical and natural values of life. The disposition allows for a wider range of vocation, but not for any wider attitude toward the work at hand. Some of our most successful politicians, manufacturers, wholesale merchants, chemists or men interested in shipping or other enterprises connected with liquids, have Jupiter placed in Cancer. It often causes them to deal with something that is used in the home or on the persons and gives excellent aptitude for making money, as well as the ability to accumulate it, although they are often too conservative in business, frequently missing opportunities through too great caution. It makes one a gracious host and a liberal provider for the home. Women having Jupiter in this sign frequently marry men in public life. They make excellent nurses, meet with success in domestic science or in the care of children and the home, also in work connected with food. Jupiter in the Ninth House Clerical honors; success in religious and philosophical pursuits, legal matters, and foreign affairs; gain in foreign lands.

Saturn
Saturn, in a general classification, may be said to be the precise contrary of Jupiter. Where the latter expands and spends; the former constricts and conserves. Where Jupiter is bold and extravagant, Saturn is cautious and ascetic. Responsible Saturn acts to protect the interests of self, family, society, and the world from harm. Where Jupiter boldly seeks and grows with experience, Saturn has the wisdom of having learned from experience. But the wisdom and knowledge of Saturn relate to the material world, to the world of conditions, consequences, and rules. Saturn can be ambitious, controlling, and egoistic. Saturn protects the self against hurt by judging according to lowermind polarities, such as smart versus stupid or winner versus loser. The function of the outer planets, which represent the higher mind, is to rebel against the limitations of the lower mind, providing opportunities for freedom from the tyranny of the everyday world's rules, conditions, polarities, and judgments. Man may be master of life and of death - if he will. To the worker in the fields of the intelligence, the farmer of mind, the harvest grows continually. Saturn is once again the golden god. The brain of the brain worker improves constantly until the age of sixty, and even then retains its vigor until the end. Such old men we often see. Instead of the vices and infirmities of age, they have consolidated virtues, conserved strength. Dignity and austerity crown and cloak them. They are simple, strenuous and lofty-minded. Even if they are of solitary habit, they are kind. The purpose of their lives has crystallized; and, because they have desired only the infinite, satiety does not touch them. Life is to them a religion of which they are the priests, an eternal sacrament of which perhaps the ecstasy is dulled, but which they consume with ever-increasing reverence. Joy and sorrow have been balanced, and the tale thereof is holy calm. They know that peace of God which passeth all understanding. The commoner aspect of Saturn, however, is this: the malicious oldster, envious of youth, hating life because he has failed to live it according to the law of righteousness. His will-power is merely obstinacy, opposition to reform, failure to accommodate himself to changed conditions, the conservatism of the hardened brain. He feels his waning powers and tries to receive - to receive, when all his sensibility is gone! Feeling himself impotent, he vents his toothless rage upon the young. Unhappy himself, he seeks to make others wretched. Sordid and heartless, he sneers at enthusiasm and generosity. Weary of life, he thinks life holds no joy.

Saturn represents what one does in the world, one's career, and life's lessons. Look to the planets that form aspects to Saturn for a guide to the activities that will mainly occupy the native's life. Conjunction, sextile, and trine aspects represent activities that will come easily to the native. The best of all of Saturn's dignities is illumination by the Sun. Square, inconjunct, and opposition aspects represent lessons that need to be learned or areas where the native feels blocked and must fight. When Saturn has favorable aspects, the native tends to receive the benefit; when it has unfavorable aspects, then Saturn tends to act as a blocking agent. Saturn in Scorpio The quality of secretiveness in Scorpio, and its order in the Zodiac as the natural sign for the house of death, make it a sympathetic menstruum for Saturn's rays. There is naturally, however, something deep, obscure and sinister in this position of the planet, and where it has a fair chance it will give such a tone to the Akankara, the name given by the philosophers of India to the "ego-making faculty," or the Saturn force in the human character. While this position of Saturn tends to produce a character both masterful and subtle, the evidence of this peculiar effect is not easy to find on account of its very habit of concealing itself. In the case of Tennyson it was so covered by external graces (in particular, the influence of Venus), that it is only from private sources that we know that traces of this Scorpio selfishness ever existed. Similar remarks apply to Lord Brougham. Here Saturn in Scorpio gives a harsh, unscrupulous purpose, which is developed in material affairs by the sextile of Jupiter; but Mercury and Venus just above the Ascendant conceal Saturn effectively, though he is the real director of the inner thought. The self-seeking of the great lawyer wore a mask of tact, wit and amiability, beneath which the corrosive acid of his purpose ate away his enemies. Compare with this the nativity of Archbishop Laud. Here Saturn has a square of the Moon, a trine of Pluto, and a wide opposition of Jupiter, who in the ninth house signifies religion, with no help beyond a semi-sextile of Mercury. Here is the typical selfish and intriguing prelate; Saturn on the cusp of the third house constantly occupying the mind with ambition and the lust of power. But Saturn's strength is not aided by fortune; the afflictions were bound to bring the native's ultimate downfall.

Cicero is a great example of this position; Saturn is sextile the Sun and squared by the Moon. The operation of the sign is intensified by these dispositions. As the first act of his public life, he fearlessly pursued and defeated a group of conspirators against the Roman republic. Ranked in the same category, though on the surface so different, his more lasting achievement, the "Somnium Scipionis", is almost the only mystical treatise which the Latins have left to us. That unfortunate monarch, Charles I of England, had this position. Here Saturn, in opposition to Uranus, is close to the cusp of the fourth house, for an ill end to the matter, and he receives no notable help. But we can gauge the desperate quality of the native's struggle to hold his inheritance, the secret and mendacious and fatal paths trodden by him in that attempt. With a preponderance of planets in mutable signs, one can only attribute to this opposition of Saturn and Uranus in fixed Scorpio and Taurus what is said about him, that he was "self-righteous, stubborn, opinionated, determined and confrontational." An example of over-development of the self is seen in the poet Thomas Moore. Mars and the Moon are in conjunction with Saturn to give recklessness and dissipation; Mercury in opposition to make it blind; only the sextile of Jupiter adds a touch of geniality, which made him welcome only as the companion of an hour in a tavern or a parlor. Compare particularly in this matter the case of the late J. Pierpont Morgan. Saturn is squaring Mars, Jupiter and Neptune, sextile to the Moon, while trine to Uranus. While there is plenty of self-preservation, the Moon and Uranus both bring vision. The dispositions are consequently not altogether bad, but the great wisdom was undoubtedly used for material ends. Sir Humphrey Davy has Saturn in Scorpio, but Jupiter and Venus are sextile, and the Sun and Mars semi-sextile. Here is much favorable modification of Saturn, who is rising. Thus the self-force, rendered bright and tender by such aspects, is in complete harmony with the personality. Here strength is wedded with gentleness, and we can understand readily how he was able to give his life to its purpose without upsetting his contemporaries by bitterness of controversy. In Goethe we find adroitness in the emphasis of his ego. Saturn just above the horizon is trined by the Moon, and has the illuminating square of Uranus, all of which harmonizes the personality with the instinct of self-preservation. This instinct is strong but clever, and we comprehend, if we do not altogether applaud, his sword and his diamond buckles.

In many ways, as has been seen, Saturn in Scorpio has critical tendencies; it imperils the reputation, may bring scandal or unpopularity and, badly aspected, may cause reverses or downfall. Its influence upon the health is rather perilous in early life, though, that period safely passed, it promises a long life. It is, however, a position very favorable for association with mystical or secret societies. Saturn in the First House Melancholy mind, solitary habits; shy, nervous manners; subjects the native to colds; causes bruises to the head; an uphill struggle; patient disposition.

Uranus
As the race evolves, it seems that man must learn to adapt himself more and more to the vibrations of Uranus and its powerful influx, which appear to be growing more and more potent in the unfolding of genius, or the transcending of intellect. Through the harmonious vibrations of Uranus, it is found that people become prophetic, keen, perceptive, executive, inventive, original, given to roaming, untrammeled by tradition, impatient of creeds, opinionated, argumentative, stubborn, and eccentric. They speak to the point; asserting, with startling confidence, opinions far in advance of their fellows. They come into possession of wealth in unexpected and strange ways, yet often appear to pass under the yoke of discipline as though cast down for a purpose from opulence to poverty, only to rise again by the unfolding of unexpected resources. Always ahead of their time, the natives of Uranus are often dreamers in philanthropy; poetic, though their writings need interpretation and are often unintelligible even to the imaginative, because of their mystical origin and transcendental coloring. In the few years during which Uranus has been under observation, it has been found that, if afflicted, it is the source of incurable organic diseases, collapse of fortune, and individual as well as national destruction. It is demonstrable that, in inharmonious nativities, evil Uranian influences, both through transits and directions, have brought about headlong destruction from bad habits, misdirected affection, illicit connections before or after legal marriage; according to the signification of the place of radical affliction in the horoscope. Every psychic thus far studied by the writer has been found, by careful consideration of the authentic birth data, to be under powerful Uranian influence; and to this vibration may be attributed clairvoyance, warning dreams, secondsight, clairaudience and similar phenomena. The occupations or avocations which seem in sympathy with this strange planet are progressive, inventive, exploring, and of a humanitarian nature. The influence of Uranus is the least personal, and the most universal in the Zodiac; consequently, any endeavor for the betterment of humanity is favored by those who are strongly responsive to its vibration. Uranus produces lecturers, public figures, travelers, inventors, aviators, radio operators, astrologers, electricians, scientists, physiologists, mesmerists, metaphysicians. Uranus makes one impulsive and extremely eccentric; the native does not know his own mind, but is continually moved by providential agencies; he often becomes a fatalist, feeling that his destiny is beyond his own control.

Uranus emphasizes the will, causing the native to move spontaneously from an inner urge; the native is active, original, inventive, and is notable for his love of liberty and an idealistic sense of justice. The planet bestows leadership and causes the native to become a pioneer and to establish new orders of things. Uranus makes the mind independent, original, and not amenable to control. The native is unconventional, altruistic and subject to sudden changes of attitude. There is an uncanny ability to sense motives. Circumstances induced by Uranus are sudden changes, estrangements, exiles, blind impulses, catastrophes, suicides, romantic tragedies, inexplicable changes of fortune, accidents, secret enemies, plottings, and sudden elevations. Every living soul is presumed to have a purpose, and that purpose single. Not one in a million, perhaps, is conscious of that purpose; we seem for the most part to be a mass of vacillations. Even the main objective career of an individual cannot be considered as necessarily an expression of the interior will. But Uranus indicates divine will; and the reason why he is so explosive and violent and upsetting to human affairs is that he represents the real intention, which, lying deeper than the conscious purpose, often contradicts it. The outer and the inner are then in conflict; and whenever battle is joined, the inner must win. To the outer consciousness, this naturally appears as disaster; for the native does not recognize the force as part of himself, or, if so, he regards it as a disturbing entity, and resents its dominion. Uranus is, in Egyptian symbolism, the Royal Uraeus Serpent; slow, yet sudden, Lord of life and death. It takes a great deal to move him; but, when once in motion, he is irresistible. This is why, to the normal mind, he appears so terrible. As has been seen, the deep-lying interior purpose of any being is nearly always obscure and undecipherable to the mortal eye; but there is an indication or hieroglyph of it which is usually very significant. One can hardly call it more than the artistic expression of the purpose, and this appears a very good way to describe it. We call it the Temperament. It does not define the Will itself, but it sets limits to the sphere wherein the Will may work.

We have already found that the personality is imaged in the sign on the Ascendant; and from this we now turn to a consideration of the sign in which Uranus may be situated. Where these two factors are harmonious, we get a character with unity of moral purpose; where otherwise, a self-tortured waverer. It might be cited as an objection that those who have Uranus in the Ascendant are usually eccentric characters; but the argument is on the other side. Such eccentricity is temperament in its highest development; it shows the entire overruling of the superficial qualities by this deep-seated, turbulent, magical will. It is only to others that the person with Uranus rising appears so eccentric. Uranus in Aries Uranus in Aries gives a character intrepid, dauntless, fiery and indomitable, whether for good or evil. Flaming, headstrong, hot-tempered, impetuous, self-willed, and obstinate is the type; but sometimes the native will make a sudden and complete turn-aboutface, and pursue a new and contradictory course with the same energy as he did the former. Nor, as a rule, will he be capable of seeing that he has changed in any respect. There is nothing particularly constructive in this type of energy. A strong example of this temperament is found in Mrs. Annie Besant, Aries being the rising sign. In Pope Alexander VI, the same qualities are apparent; but here Capricorn and Saturn are rising; and, although Mars is exalted in Capricorn, and so not inharmonious with the Aries temperament, yet a Saturnian element is super-added with the most unfortunate results. Here Saturn conjoins the Sun and both are square to Mars oppose Uranus. People with Uranus in Aries are always so firmly convinced they are right that opposition to their wishes appears to them as something positively unjustifiable, and they are therefore entirely unscrupulous in crushing such opposition. Sometimes this masterful quality is confined to legitimate lines, as in the case of Edison. Scorpio is rising, and its Lord, Mars, which sits on the cusp of the money house, is conjunct the Moon, representing the public. As an independent newspaper boy, young Edison learned what interested the public and innovated ways to make money; he would go on to earn much money from the 1093 valuable inventions that he patented. Pluto and Neptune are strong and add to Edison's inventiveness.

Contrast with Edison's Uranus the case of the Earl of Strafford (Thomas Wentworth), and Cromwell, who both had Uranus in Aries. It will also be instructive to compare them with each other. Each had an iron will, an unscrupulous determination to have his own way at any cost; but Strafford has Virgo rising. He prepared a plan for dealing with Ireland called "thorough," which was effectively to legalize massacre; but there is no passion in Virgo to cooperate with such violence, and Strafford was not strong enough to carry the plan out; he hung fire. Cromwell, with Aries rising, went through Ireland like a new Attila. Anna Kingsford had Uranus in Aries; with Aquarius rising it is the ruler of the chart. Uranus gets more favorable aspects than any other planet - receiving trines from the Leo Moon and Midheaven, sextiles from Jupiter and the Ascendant, and an exact biquintile from Mercury. A close conjunction from Mars strengthens the Virgo Sun. Here we find, then, a great example of the driving force of these configurations - Anna Kingsford, despite all disqualifications, disposed of an initiating force sufficient to arouse the thought of half the world. It is her work which made the growth of Theosophy and its analogous cults at all possible. She was, doubtless, the head of the battering-ram that broke in the gates of the materialistic philosophy of the Victorian Age. Robert Louis Stevenson has the last degrees of Aquarius rising, but Pisces is intercepted in the Ascendant, and Uranus in the first degrees of Aries is just within it. There is no great natural harmony between Aries and Aquarius, but their presence together in the first house creates harmony. So we find Stevenson, despite the most distressing ill-health, producing masterpieces. Astrologic students of literature may attribute to Aquarius his curiously gentle, profound psychology, and to Uranus conjunct Pluto in Aries the passion for bloodthirsty incident, which may also be credited to the position of his Mars conjunct Sun in Scorpio. Saturn is also in the Ascendant, just above Uranus, and this adds the tinge of melancholy which so increases his incomparable charm. Another example is Ludwig II of Bavaria. Here Uranus in the eleventh house is in semi-square to a conjunction of Neptune and Mars on the Midheaven. We also see a conjunction of Mercury and Venus in Virgo in the fifth house, where these two planets are the focus of a yod pattern from Mars+Neptune and Pluto. So we see a dreamy, easy, pleasure-loving temperament, which bursts out at times into maniacal enthusiasms and extravagances. The lack of harmony between Uranus and Neptune is the essential blot in the personality which ultimately manifested itself as madness.

A final example is Abbas Effendi. Aquarius is rising, and Uranus in Aries is just within the second house. Uranus is sextile to Saturn in Aquarius and to the Sun with Mercury in Gemini; Uranus becomes the focus of a Talent Triangle pattern. Here we see the same gentle profundity as Stevenson's. But Neptune is rising opposed to the Moon; and, instead of the tremendous will which enabled Stevenson to rank with the greatest masters, there is but a soft and somewhat undefined personality, its Will remaining interior, not externalized, since the forces that oppress it are too strong to overcome, and also since Neptune, opposing the Moon, exercises an inhibitory influence on all continuous activity. Uranus in the Sixth House Nervous diseases; losses and anxieties through servants; changes which interfere with health and comfort.

Neptune
To arrive at the true valuation of Neptune's influence in the signs of the Zodiac and upon the native as he comes under the dominion of the signs, the reader must constantly bear in mind the peculiar nature of the planet as distinguished from other planets. Whereas Mars, Jupiter, Venus, Mercury and Saturn exert their influences chiefly upon man in his mundane capacities, his evolutionary life, Neptune exerts a spiritual influence upon man in the midst of the latter's mundane existence, for Neptune is the planet of spiritual forces, of the revolutionary spirit itself. Neptune's influence upon a life dominated wholly or chiefly by physical or materialistic interests is likely to be wholly bad or malefic, while this same influence, stressed upon a life already under a spiritual leading, will be wholly good or benefic. It is the Neptune influence that gives the wings of vision to humanity in its long struggle out of darkness into the light of eternity. Materialistic persons can think only in relative values of a day, a month, a year at most; intellectually developed persons think in values of a lifetime; but those of our sphere who are spiritually conscious think and work in terms of the eternal; to these a century is as a year, a cycle as a life; they are the true Neptunians. The materialistic astrologer classes Neptune "malefic, sinister, obscure," but the enlightened astrologian thoroughly understands that Neptune causes upon this earth and upon its natives the influx of a spiritual element unrelated to strictly earthly affairs. While the other planets are commensurable and deal with the relative, Neptune is incommensurable; he intrudes the absolute. In other words, for those developed spiritually Neptune is wholly "good," for others he seems wholly "bad." Neptune stirs the soul to aspiration toward the infinite; the result is that a humanitarian influence is projected by the native for the benefit of humanity's advance as a whole. On the other hand, for those whose desires cause them to plunge and wallow in the troughs of mere material delights and satisfactions, the Neptune influence is as a lightning bolt that shatters their temples of materialism to the very foundations. Neptune's orbit, being the outer circle of our known universe, is so vast, the effect of his movement upon the earth is so slow, that we may best consider his influence as negative upon our physical life, and as positive upon our spiritual impulses. He is as an indication of the tendency of the period, the planet of the new era, a barometer of the latter-day Universe.

Neptune requires approximately fourteen years to move through a single sign. To give an account of his effects upon humanity would be to write the history of the world. One can gauge him, to some extent, by considering certain events of comparatively recent times. Matters requiring wisdom are usually directed by men of between forty-five and fifty-five years, and the consensus of their influence may be divined from the place of Neptune at their birth. Thus the Revolution of 1848 was brought about by men influenced by Neptune in Libra; they struggled for freedom and justice, but their policy lacked virility, while their methods failed because of indirectness. Similarly, the French Revolution was begun by people influenced by Neptune in Leo, but the generations of preparation toward that event involved people with that planet in Cancer or Gemini. Cromwell's Neptune was also in Leo. The recent Great War was doubtless due to the influence of people born with Neptune in Aries; while the rebuilding of civilization has fallen upon those laborious and initiative men and women for whom Neptune works through Taurus and Gemini. The scientific advance of the Nineteenth Century was due to pioneers stimulated by Neptune in Capricorn; and the fruits of their labors were gathered by men born with Neptune in Aquarius. Neptune was in Pisces, influencing the artistic, psychic decadent generation of the Nineties. Times when skeptical thought attacks tradition by purely intellectual methods and makes constructive work possible are those influenced by Neptune in Gemini. Immanuel Kant, who destroyed the old philosophy, Voltaire, who destroyed the old religion, and their contemporaries were of such a generation. Neptune, being the planet of spiritual forces, is always revolutionary. Forever he quickens the old life and increases the new life; the principle is the same; only the material varies according to the signs through which he moves. Because of the character of Neptune and the long period of time it requires to pass through a single sign, its influence upon the individual is very dependent upon its position and aspect to other planets. It is, therefore, obviously unnecessary to go into a lengthy account of its effect upon the individual in the twelve signs. Neptune in Pisces People who have Neptune in Pisces are psychic in the extreme, over-modest and reserved. As Neptune is the ruler of Pisces, it is the most propitious position which this planet can hold. Pisces is a distinctly passive sign, and this is a completely passive position for Neptune. Pisces is also not a sign of great active strength and assertive power; its forces are more negative, receptive, reflectively benefic.

Thus, while in its own sign, Neptune does not possess nearly so much power to affect the material plane as in either more active or more material signs. In fact, the very spirituality of the planet and the very psychic passivity of the sign inevitably do not make for strength of manifestation on a physical earth. Thus, as the materialistic Scorpio is the most powerful position of Neptune and the spiritual Sagittarius its next in force, so, the material Capricorn being the weakest position, the psychic Pisces is its next in weakness, viewed from a material standpoint. Otherwise, Pisces might be considered the most powerful position of Neptune. In the individual nativity, this position of Neptune in Pisces does not, as a rule, make for singularly dynamic impulses of high, altruistic quality. Most people are too materially active for this passive, psychic force to exert its influence. Unlike the position in Sagittarius, so strongly active, this position has little effect upon the average man, while it may lend force to the extraordinary man. Kaiser Wilhelm II, under whose strong rule Germany prospered for thirty years, had Neptune in Pisces angular in his chart, conjunct both the Midheaven and Mars. The talented comedic wit Oscar Wilde had Neptune in Pisces angular on his Descendant; unfortunately afflicted by a close square from Saturn on the Midheaven; the youthful radiance bestowed by Neptune gave way to imprisonment and a tragic end. Psychiatrist Sigmund Freud had Neptune in Pisces square the Moon but sextile to a Sun-Uranus conjunction. Painter Paul Gauguin had Neptune angular on the Descendant and the focus of a Kite pattern formed by the Moon, Mercury, and Chiron; he was successful as a stockbroker until he decided to escape civilization for the simple life of Tahiti. Desiring to escape to a simpler life is a common theme with people having a strong Neptune. A malefic Neptune in Pisces gives a craving for narcotics and strong liquor. Neptune in the Fourth House Afflicts the parent involved; threatens danger to the native by plots in his own house; losses through deceitful landlords, and by dealing in property. The native ends his life in seclusion and frequently in an asylum.

Pluto
Pluto is a cold, remote, and austere planet. But for all its great distance from Earth, astrologers have found it to have a powerful influence in the life - as significant as is Saturn for the direction of one's life. Pluto gives the courage and intensity to transform oneself, sometimes in unexpected ways. All the outer planets symbolize higher mind functions and give awareness of the big picture Pluto confers breadth, versatility, consciousness and judgment. Pluto's choices may violate social custom; it sees in terms of longer cycles and needs. Pluto is not by itself spiritual in nature, rather it is remorseless. It sometimes correlates with efficiency and a Spartan simplicity. Pluto in Capricorn Your generation matures early, occupying itself with serious matters such as the reform of business, politics, government, religion, science, and the environment. You may be a critic, but you are not a radical. Security is important to you. If Pluto is strong in your chart, you will strive for wisdom through reading and learning. You may idealize your father or a teacher and suffer from bouts of loneliness. You are capable of great self-knowledge and self-integration. If you bite the bullet and take well thought-out actions, you will leave the world a better place. Pluto in the Third House The mental processes run deep; communications with others are not easy. A master of non-verbal communication. Tragedy when young or involving a sibling or neighbor who lives dangerously. Should avoid hitchhikers.

ASPECTS
Moon conjunct Uranus (5.98) This is a powerful and often a dangerous position. There is high emotional tension. Sometimes the affections are strangely and (possibly) tragically bestowed; there is an element of perversity and great determination, which may be directed wisely or unwisely, but very rarely follows any conventional or usual course. The interests are nearly always strange, and both mind and feelings differ from those of ordinary humanity, often giving rise to conditions with which it is exceedingly difficult for another to deal, because the native is deaf to reason and seems unable to help himself, there being a veritable paralysis of the judgment. Perhaps it is most perilous in Fire, and least so in Air, but I have known strange people with this aspect even in the latter element - they are, however, less excitable than those having it in Fire, their vagaries being more often intellectual. Things ordinary and common do not satisfy the nature at all, and the constant search for the marvelous may lead the native into all kinds of fantastic cults. Note particularly the strength of Mercury and Jupiter, for these planets may determine the measure and direction of the influence. Since the Uranian seldom does things by half-measures this conjunction may make a bad enemy (cp. Clemenceau), but as a general rule the afflictions of Uranus do not affect the moral nature (except unfortunately that they sometimes cause sexual abnormality), and I have never found those with this conjunction to be unlikable so much as they are (to non-astrologers) impossible to understand. It tends very much to an individual sort of life, the native hating routine and being willing to submit to anything rather than loss of independence of thought and action. Mercury square Jupiter (5.34) The inharmonious contacts of these bodies are by no means altogether unfavorable, the mind being active and very fertile of new ideas. But there is a tendency for each planet to injure the other. Mercury loses some of its sharpness and acuteness. There may be a propensity to forget names and words sometimes in the midst of conversation, and absent-mindedness is frequent. There may be a woolgathering tendency. The mind may be skeptical in religious matters, or, on the other hand, there may be superstition; that not uncommon person, the superstitious infidel, seems to come under these configurations. It is not a combination that will give balance in religious thought or practice, and although it is often kind and generous, nevertheless here too its action is often eccentric. Reason and faith are commonly in conflict. It is often found in maps of those who have "religious difficulties."

It inclines to carelessness and imprudence, especially in small things; the native tends to exaggerate and scorns the dull formality of facts. Judgment is poor and the native is not likely to give good advice, especially in matters coming under either planet. He is a poor prophet, and astrologers with these afflictions are not likely to win credit for themselves or their art so far as predictive work is concerned. Sometimes there is considerable self-assurance and conceit, even to the extent of intolerable self-opiniation and self-sufficiency. But under quick crossexamination this bluff is easily dispelled, for the native can rarely collect his mental resources rapidly and is readily flustered; he cannot, as it were, maneuver under fire. In fact, he will do well to learn to refuse to be hurried into answering questions, and to cultivate the faculty of forming cool, precise opinions. It is generally an indiscreet contact, apt to "let the cat out of the bag" in an embarrassing manner. In ordinary life this combination usually denotes many little troubles, but if the native should occupy himself with matters ruled by the two planets he may find them a constant and possibly serious danger, owing to the deception, duplicity, and muddle that they may cause. Thus, in any matter coming under banking, insurance, any kind of guaranteeing or going surety, sports, and hunting, publishing and travelling their influence is often strong. It often denotes losses through the mistakes or dishonesty of employees or subordinates of some sort, and sometimes through imprudent optimism on the native's own part. There is a danger of loss through the bankruptcy of others. With other more serious afflictions it may combine to indicate danger of fraud, libel, slander, and similar Mercurial attacks on one's money and reputation. It tends to injure the health through the liver, and there is often a direct poisoning of the nervous system in consequence. The artistic and literary proclivities of the good aspects are equally present with the bad, and sometimes there is more activity and ambition with the latter. The religious or philosophic motif is often present, and such a poem as Tennyson's *In Memoriam* may, as regards its general tenor, be considered a good exemplification of this aspect. There is often a distinct tendency to neglect worldly matters for art, religion, literature, or some cognate occupation. Venus conjunct Saturn (4.47) Here there is usually a definite sacrifice of happiness, either to an ideal, to a material ambition, or to duty, as in the case of soldiers and sailors, whose vocation demands the sacrifice of ordinary home comforts.

One may credit Venus-Saturn natives with fidelity; they are often very cold in some part of their nature, and, even with ascendants such as Taurus or Libra, may astonish one with unsuspected hardness. The life is generally a hard one, either through poverty or worldly failure, or, if this does not occur owing to other counteracting indications, then there is usually either depression and moodiness, loneliness (often with bereavement), or illhealth. This last is, however, the least characteristic feature of the configuration, which centers above all in the emotional and affectional spheres. Childhood does not seem to suffer particularly, as is usually the case with Venus-Mars aspects, but one of the parents - as a rule the father - is apt to be a burden. Frequently he is a forceful, tyrannical, exacting, or dominating type, whose will allows little free development in his children. Sometimes, though less often, he is unpractical, a failure, and a financial burden to his family. Sometimes his early death is denoted, and step-parents may occur. He is rather likely, in some instances, to require his children to grow up too soon, to realize their responsibilities too early, and to work more strenuously than an all-round unfoldment might call for. The mother is often affected and is as a rule strongly tinged with Saturnian characteristics, as in the way of being ambitious, worldly, snobbish, or aloof. Generally there is apt to be a condition of "fixation" in respect of one or both parents. The child is too strongly marked with their impress and tries to grow into their likeness or that of one of them, each sex tending to assimilate itself to the parent of the opposite gender. Sometimes the limitation is more purely external, as when the child has to deny itself to support its parents in old age. But the general effect of the parents on the child is in the direction of increasing its seriousness and its responsibilities, and those born with this configuration are peculiarly susceptible to this sort of influence, which is none the less detrimental because often exceedingly well-intentioned. In marriage the good aspects are compatible with great happiness and mutual love, but even thus, bereavement and other forms of separation are possible. Considerable differences of age, and less often of social status, are common both with good and bad aspects. The conjunction is extremely powerful, and partakes of the character of both good and evil contacts, the life, on its affectional side, being completely dominated by the sense of duty; duty and happiness become identified.

Saturn sextile Pluto (4.30) You come across as a serious person. You are good at research and acquiring knowledge. You know what you are doing. You have the power to make constructive change. You are the strong one on whom others depend. Your reputation is good because you know better than to stray into questionable activities - you keep your nose to the grindstone. Moon trine Mars (4.22) Both the good and bad contacts of these bodies operate in two distinct channels, corresponding to the positive and the negative sides of Mars. The positive side augments courage, daring, enterprise, and bodily vigor; the negative relates rather to the mental and intellectual parts, and frequently indicates a deep thinker. These two subtypes are very different, the one being essentially vigorous; the other profound. But in both cases there tends to be a practical outlook - it does not incline to a purely intellectual point of view, though a large amount of air in the horoscope may introduce this. For women it is commonly a very invigorating contact, endowing them with what is called "rude health" and often producing a robust rather than a refined physique, such as the Scotch call "sonsie." Nell Gwyn is an instance of this type of mind and body, direct, outspoken, good-hearted, hard hitting. It may be recalled that, leaning out of her carriage, she once rebuked her footman for fighting a man who had called her "What everyone in London knows I am." This aspect, by itself, will often introduce a distinct Arietic element into the demeanor, so that it is easy to think that this sign is heavily tenanted. Such people take life as they find it and usually enjoy it to the full without much thought for the morrow. Occasionally the worse side may appear even with the good aspects; for example, the ex-Kaiser had a rough and bullying side, as well as a generous one. We have also the case of "Dipsomaniac" in Notable Nativities. But in both cases there were other very severe afflictions. The profound side of the contact is seen in such a case as Richard Garnett, who wrote astrological works under the name of A. G. Trent, and was Librarian at the British Museum, a man of deep erudition. Mabel Collins, writer of Light on the Path, a work of considerable merit but rather Martian austerity, also had this aspect, the three outer planets being favorably involved. Moon-Mars aspects generally do not seem to be particularly common in the horoscopes of soldiers, despite the vigor and combativeness they engender. Perhaps they dislike the disciplinary character of army life, and are readier to enlist when war is at hand than to undergo prolonged training in anticipation of fighting at a distant date, or perhaps not at all.

Uranus square Pluto (3.94) Social technologies, such as broadcasting, publishing, and photography, have always attracted you. You have a live and let live philosophy. You cannot be pigeon-holed, but have eclectic tastes. Your style is supple, ingenious, witty, and socially relevant. You are good at improvisation and could be a host, master of ceremonies, interviewer, or negotiator. It is relatively easy for you to make changes and try new things. You could have many romantic relationships. Your career might go through irregular changes. Your restless, improvisational mind is easily distracted. You experience the most success when you do work that you believe in and not work that you think people will like. You have the right to be selfish. Things will go better and you will enjoy it more when you take charge. Moon square Pluto (3.92) There could be frequent moves or changes during your childhood; in your life you could travel widely. Not especially interested in school, you like stories of adventure, drama, and romance. Pluto starts your career at a young age and makes you a pioneer. You are good at adapting to changing conditions in your career or business. You have strong opinions about what to do. One of your strengths is your connection to the common man or woman. You could express your very human but offbeat perceptions in poetry. You might live an austere life. Pluto is the planet of austerity, refinement, and purity. As a manager you can improve efficiency and productivity. You tend to be kind-hearted and encouraging of others. You have a natural sense of elegance and style. In your life, you may witness and be impressed by the dark side of human nature. The aspect is not that conducive of happiness. There is a danger of periods of depression and suicidal thoughts. You are able to rise above thoughts of self, but if you do not, you could be rigid and paranoid in your old age. Venus sextile Pluto (2.27) You are intensely conscious of relationships. You can use your deeper relationship awareness to get people to do what you want. Sometimes, however, you blunder in a way that teaches you a lesson or makes you more conscious. Your desire nature is strong, but just because you get what you want does not mean that things turn out as you expect. Pluto could teach you a lesson about relationships and responsibility. This aspect gives athleticism to a woman, with the innate ability to be sensual and glamorous but very real and natural. You could be interested in dance and fashion. The aspect keeps you sane about life values.

Mars trine Uranus (2.21) The contacts between these planets are of an important character, producing some of the most marked results of any aspects. They are valuable, and yet, unless the planets are well placed by sign and have no other aspects of a discordant kind, they may be somewhat critical, even when they are technically of a benefic nature. They greatly add to the energy, vigor, decision, and will-power of the native, who is very rarely of a milk-and-water or nondescript character. He will as a rule know his own mind excellently well, and much will depend on the rest of the map, for, unless this shows sense and judgment, the strength of Mars-Uranus may lead to disaster because of its very strength and courage. It tends to give physical robustness, the ability to stand hard conditions, and the capacity for hard work, but even thus, cross aspects from other bodies may result in high nervous tension and an overwrought condition, the will, as it were, tearing the body asunder. In one case known to me there is a trine between Mars (Taurus) and Uranus (Virgo) with a cross aspect to the latter from the Sun (Sagittarius). Here the heart has suffered, as the outcome of nervous strain, and the native is almost an invalid. In another case, with the same trine from the same signs, but with Sun and Saturn in square to Uranus from Gemini, there is indomitable courage, but it is spent in an uphill fight with poverty and sickness. In the former case the Sun, having the trine of Saturn, indicated affluent conditions, but for which the native would probably have collapsed altogether. It may be said that any ill aspect to this combination will occasion a greater or less degree of nerve-tension. This tension seems to externalize itself frequently in the form of accidents or assault. Even among those who possessed good aspects between these planets this is sometimes exemplified. For instance, Queen Victoria and King Edward VII both had them, but in each case there were attempts on the life, which may in part be ascribed to these positions. Wallenstein was a great leader, with that personal fascination that goes with good aspects of Uranus, but he was assassinated. Sometimes the attack takes the form of slander. But as a rule grave danger need not be anticipated from the good aspects, and on the other hand they bestow excellent qualities, particularly for those who are called on to deal with difficult, arduous, or perilous conditions. Only if the rest of the map is weak or violent does the Mars-Uranus trine or sextile seem to be involved in the general crisis.

Moon square Jupiter (2.02) There is often the same good humor that we find with the good aspects, as well as kindliness and generosity. But the disposition is much more restless and sometimes even combative, while in more "stagnant" maps, containing more Venus than Mars influence, there may be a lazy and self-indulgent tendency. It may be superstitious, and is sometimes an extremist either for or against religion. In the same way, there is usually misfortune in regard to foreign countries or foreigners, and these contacts occur often in the maps of statesmen or soldiers who have been in conflict with foreign powers. The native either dislikes religion or quarrels about it. In his attitude to money and business affairs the native is not as a rule balanced. Sometimes there is avarice, sometimes indifference and carelessness. It is more often imprudent than extravagant, in my experience, this latter vice being common when Mars is in affliction with Jupiter. In the same way it is at times rebellious and given to attacks upon conventionality; but here also it is necessary that Mars should take a hand if there is to be anything violent. For the Moon and Jupiter are both too kindly and gentle in character to occasion by themselves any very serious outbreaks. Rather it may be said that, when other elements in a map supply this destructive energy, the afflictions of Moon-Jupiter give direction to it. It is less happy than the good aspects, and it may cause the native to "let things slide" to his or her detriment. But almost any contact of Jupiter tends to bring the native to some extent into touch with ease, comfort, and a certain amount of success, and the squares and oppositions of the Moon and Jupiter are often found in the maps of successful people. The extent of its power to do harm depends greatly upon Saturn, for if that planet be strong it will control its too optimistic and easy-going tendencies. In regard to health it affects the liver adversely, particularly if the native be of a slothful habit or given to over-eating. It is to be noted, however, that although we find these Sybaritic proclivities in some Moon-Jupiter people (George IV), in others the opposite extreme is quite as marked (Mahatma Gandhi). It often leads to enforced and more or less unpleasant residence in foreign countries.

Venus square Mars (1.87) The commonly held opinion that contacts of these planets indicate immoral tendencies is not quite without foundation, for in such cases (and particularly if they are in affliction) there is often a coarsening of the nature in regard to sexual matters and a lively desire for amorous relations. But the polygamous or varietist tendency should rather be attributed to the action of Jupiter and Uranus; and the Venus-Mars person, once married, may be faithful, though ardent. To speak of all persons with afflictions between these bodies as more or less libidinous is both inaccurate and unjust. Sometimes it is rather an indication of being the victim of immorality in some form or other. There is usually a liking for dancing, singing, and music with all Venus-Mars aspects. These contacts tend notably to operate early in life. For example, a bad aspect between them may cause separation or unhappiness in the first years of married life, but there will always be the hope of better circumstances later. They seem to be related to children and one's fondness for them, say to the age of puberty, after which I think Jupiter might have to be considered and probably Mars and the Sun also. Good aspects tend to affectionate relations with them, but the square probably causes them to be disliked or to be a source of sorrow. Good aspects show benefit from one's children; for instance, Gladstone, whose good name has been vigorously upheld by his son, had them in sextile; James I, whose son (and mother) were beheaded, had them in square; Sir Harry Lauder (conjunction) lost his only son. But if there are saving aspects there will probably be separation such as might result from emigration, life at sea, or similar causes not of a tragic kind. These planets seem also to be frequently found in mutual aspect in explorers' maps. This species of configuration does not favor happiness, and this for a double reason: the native does actually meet more than his due share of unkindness, and, besides this, he is usually more sensitive than the average person to it. Venus has much to do with interior happiness, as Jupiter influences exterior prosperity, and the bad aspects of Mars put this happiness, so to speak, at the mercy of the rough and rude elements of life. Venus also rules adaptation and all forms of mutuality and relationship, and the bad aspect of Mars causes these to be unfortunate in some manner or other. Venus is also significatrix of those from whom affection may normally be expected (in particular mother, sisters, wife) and the action of Mars tends to make these persons either harsh and nonunderstanding, or it may remove them.

It is true that Mars does impart some robustness of temper, so that the native generally reacts to injuries in anger rather than grief, and this is a more comfortable condition. But as Mars diminishes the Venus charm, so Venus weakens the courage and hardihood of Mars. If Mars predominates we may see a liking for horseplay (cf. Kaiser Wilhelm II); if Venus predominates, then there is such sensitiveness that the least roughness has a prostrating effect. The lack of real content makes the Venus-Mars person dissatisfied with himself and a keen critic of others; he cannot take people and things as he finds them; he feels too much and expects too much. He is often warmly, but capriciously, affectionate. The affliction does not, as is sometimes thought, center round the married and other inter-sexual relations. There will be emotional trouble, and naturally this will often be expressed in the above manner, but the family-life - and particularly the early family-life - is also often the field wherein the contacts will operate. It is rare to find a person with them who has not lost, or suffered through or at the hands of, one of the parents, who may be unfortunate in his affairs, die, or practice harshness to the native. In married life the influence is by no means always towards disagreement or unhappiness - in fact, there may be ardent affection. But separation by force of circumstances is common. For example, the husband may be obliged to travel, or, again, conditions of health or business may cause separation in some form or other. It tends also to deny or harm the children, and as a rule there are but one or two. In fifteen cases before me the fathers died or were unusually harsh in eight, to my personal knowledge. In three cases there was family disaster. Other cases were that psychologically unfortunate person, the only child, or there was but one brother or sister, and that one died. The bad aspects do not prevent marriage - indeed, they seem to promote it in female genitures, perhaps because the pains of parturition are an appropriate field for the expression of these influences. But the woman who weds a man with this affliction may find him dominating, not too refined, egotistical, touchy, and sometimes unprepossessing in appearance. If she have it herself, then the husband may be licentious, sickly, or unfortunate. These rules are of course subject to countervailing influences. The health may be affected through worry, strain, and lack of interior tranquillity, or through hurt to the feelings or sorrow. It may likewise denote harm through self-indulgence.

Moon opposite Mercury (1.36) This contact seems as a rule to signify a more acute intellect than the harmonious aspects; but the mind is less stable and well-ordered. There is very often a combative tendency and a sharp tongue - Raphael speaks of "backbiting, lying, and slandering," which is probably rather excessive. But there is a noticeable proclivity for gossip, and sometimes expressions are used in the wrong manner or at the wrong time, giving rise to misunderstandings and offence. It is a very independent influence, and occurs often in the maps of reformers, especially of those who attack the habits of the people : it is prone to be sensitive and even withdrawn. Sometimes the native may live before the public, but reside figuratively speaking on a pedestal, or, on the other hand, he may seek physical seclusion. It does not incline to popularity, or the popularity may be fitful; it is bad for all 3rd house matters, such as publications; and it induces criticism, especially in the press. On the other hand, the native may have many perfervid followers but he may be equally disliked by other sections : it brings one into the arena and storms are apt to gather round the native's head. Usually the abilities are sufficient to enable him to hold his own. In men's maps it tends to slanderous attacks or criticisms in regard to women : for example, the imprisonment of W. T. Stead in consequence of the "Maiden Tribute" affair. (Venus also square Neptune.) In neither sex is it good for marriage, although it is in itself a general rather than a specific influence; and it should not be regarded as likely to cause any definite condition unless aspects of a more decisive character intervene. I have known cases in which men have been persistently attacked on the score of their morals when this aspect has been combined with some such indication as Venus in affliction with Neptune. These contacts seem to make the people born with them very sympathetic, and often actively so; there are many examples where they have been the champions of the weak. They are in fact very sensitive to any attacks upon their proteges or friends. It is one of the loyalist of aspects, and will always fly to arms on behalf of those it likes, demanding that strangers should treat its allies much more considerately than it is often prepared to do itself. It is often a genuine patriot and gets much misunderstood for its pains (Lord Roberts); on the other hand, it may champion its country's enemies, and get abused yet more (W. T. Stead "Shall I slay my brother Boer?") In many respects this conformation seems to me to resemble what is commonly ascribed to Uranus. It may easily become violent like that planet; sometimes it is rather inclined to jeremiads.

It is usually highly-strung, restless, and excitable. The nervous system may not be strong, and it may incline (through Mercury's rulership of Virgo) to make the native interested in health, even to the extent of worrying unduly on that account. Probably the body is specially affected by the mind in those born with these positions. Mercury sextile Mars (1.14) This contact powerfully strengthens the mind, and gives great vigor to its faculties, especially the more practical and positive ones. It is untiring, incisive, alert, and singularly capable of detecting weakness in the positions of its opponents, and of instantly taking advantage of them. It is common in the maps of people who have engaged in successful struggles, such as military or naval commanders, politicians, financiers, and reformers. It has been stated that contacts of some kind, usually malefic, were always found in the maps of pacifist conscientious objectors during the Great War. The position is courageous and often rash, so that even the good aspects do not tend to personal security, although naturally the effects are not likely of themselves to be very serious. It tends to literary work and is often childless in a physical sense, its books being its offspring. At the same time there is often much fondness for children and their society. The disposition is usually good-natured, but sometimes the native is centered in his own interests and there is, as a rule, more practical commonsense than sentiment in the character. It is excellent for debaters and disputants, being very quick in argument and retort and never at a loss for an answer; it loves a fight, either with the spoken or written word. It is probably good for all trades and occupations that have to do with traffic and engineering work that is connected with locomotion. With regard to health, it strengthens the nervous system and gives quickness of hand and eye, but it is apt to cause the native to like to run risks and seek the sensation of danger.

Saturn conjunct Ascendant (0.96) Saturn rising at the time of your birth is not fortunate, so far as your worldly prosperity is concerned, as it indicates that the environment into which you were born was not the most favorable for progress or prosperity; you will have many obstacles with which to contend, and your success depends more upon your own efforts than upon any help from outside. You are industrious and plodding, and you can be very persevering and economical; also prudent and reserved. Your goal eventually will be Chastity and Justice - the more you cultivate moral virtues the nearer will you approach the true saturnine qualities, Meditation, Contemplation, Truth. Saturn trine Neptune (0.44) This can be a most valuable combination, indicating powers of hard work, conscientious attention to detail, foresight, method, and what may be called tactical ability, or the capacity to arrange and marshal things. Further, it betokens considerable common sense, canniness, and ability to protect one's own interests. The native sticks to his own and will rarely give away what is his right, except as an act of free generosity. He may be selfwilled, for he has definite standards by which he judges things with decision "yea" or "nay"; he quickly feels resentment if there is a trespass against his standard of what is right and becoming. He can as a rule look after himself extremely well, and at the same time he will discharge his own obligations with scrupulous care and fidelity. In fact, cases may be observed wherein one may say that Neptune raises Saturn to its ideal standard. The native will often be found in positions of command, and it seems as if married women with these contacts are rarely in the least degree subservient to their husbands. It is excellent for purposes of business, especially organizing and arranging. Similarly the tactical and strategic powers of the contact are most helpful to military commanders, and so likewise its prudence and previsionary faculties. The same characteristics appear when the native is a writer or artist - there is a careful conception and then an equally careful execution. Nevertheless, the life is not generally brilliantly successful; there will probably be need for strenuous endeavors to overcome formidable obstacles, which are often of a Neptune type, requiring tedious unraveling and disentangling. For this work the aspects are peculiarly suited, and the natives who have it and are otherwise capable may be said as a rule to deserve success even if they cannot command it. There is a tendency for the contact to make a humorist, for the sense of orderliness that it confers easily sees the comic side of incongruity : in more serious examples the incongruous is simply displeasing.

Natives with this combination are often affected through the father, who will frequently show the Neptunian qualities. He may be religious, and is often easygoing and sometimes commonplace; he may be unbusinesslike and inclined to the temperament of a Micawber. On the other hand, acting more favorably, it may show him to be a practical idealist. In either event he will probably be a dreamer of dreams. The native is nearly always a hard worker with a strong dislike of being surpassed by others. Mars square Saturn (0.07) Inharmonious aspects between these planets are frequently stated in text-books to be of a violent character, indicating brutality, cruelty, and blood-lust. It may at once be said that this is by no means invariably the case; in fact, the writer has at least two friends with this combination (the square) who are conspicuously kind and in fact gentle, there being of course other indications of this nature in their maps. It may be said that it inclines to a certain hardness or sternness, but if the rest of the horoscope is good this may be necessary to the native by reason of his occupation and the tempers of those with whom he has to deal. Again, the severity may be turned inward and there may be an inner austerity and selfdiscipline. Its chief effect on character appears to be of a quite different kind. The Saturnian influence acts as a brake on the Martian energies, and I have certainly often noticed a sort of erraticity in these people, so that their enthusiasms are sudden and violent, but short-lasting, with alternations of "blowing hot" and "blowing cold." Sometimes there are spells of laziness, due to the inhibition of the Mars action; sometimes there is a restless energy without good directing common sense when Mars overcomes Saturn. Definite purpose often seems lacking, as if the native regarded life as something of a child's game, passing from one interest to another lightly and inconsequentially. However much in earnest such people are (and often they seem very much so), I have noticed that they commonly forget their pursuits as soon as they cease to amuse them. True depth is generally deficient. In one case there was great love of starting fresh enterprises and considerable ability in this way; but the native soon lost interest in them when the initial difficulties had been surmounted, and left them to another : here Mars was also square Uranus. There is usually a certain amount of selfishness or egoism. Thus, even when there is real kindness of heart, the native likes to go his own way, and will not readily turn aside from what interests him personally in order to minister to others. There is an inclination to impatience with those who do not readily agree.

Exteriorly Mars-Saturn tends to a life of hardship and suffering, as well as to the undergoing of physical violence. The former may occur in the way of health. There is a danger of strain and excess; and this may be followed by the need for prolonged rest, rigid attention to dietetic and other restrictions, and otherwise "paying the price." It seems to have a distinct affinity with enteric fever. There is also a liability to burns and scaldings. The square is not uncommon in the horoscopes of victims of murder, as for instance King Umberto I, five-year-old strangling victim Willie Starchfield, and Savonarola. In all such cases other potent factors will occur in addition, for the bad aspect of two planets (as apart from Sun, Moon, and Angles) cannot, however serious, destroy the life prematurely or violently. General Charles Gordon had the two planets in trine, but Mars was debilitated by sign, in Taurus in the 2nd house. The same occurs in the case of Alexander II of Russia (killed by bomb), with Mars in Cancer in the 12th. It does not by any means forbid success, though this will come late and after severe struggles. These planets in combination nearly always add to the energy, although, as stated, there may be great fitfulness of activity, and, in inharmonious cases, a lack of tact and common-sense in dealing with others. Mars-Saturn seems connected with fire in a wide sense, for Warren Leland, who lost wife and daughter in a great fire and died of shock in consequence, had them in conjunction. Also Dr. Alfred Russell Wallace, who lost his scientific collections by fire, had them in square. In another case communicated to me privately an officer with this aspect was recommended for the D.S.O., but never received this decoration because the papers were destroyed by fire and the recommending officer was killed at the same time. Jupiter square Uranus (0.00) This is a combination of originality, discovery, championship, and leadership. In the maps of ordinary people it may be to some extent a dumb note or may operate in a limited manner in external rather than psychological shape; but it is also frequently found in the nativities of famous and outstanding persons. It is, as a rule, forceful, magnetic, and unconventional, and it is both destructive and constructive, self-willed, determined, and vigorous in action. It is comparatively unusual in the maps of those who have lived quiet lives (such as Isaac Newton), but when the ascendant shows such an inclination as this the mental outlook may still be positive and decided.

Here the restlessness seen in the conjunction appears in more acute form, and we find such examples as the explorers, Sven Hedin and Burton. We find the opposition in the charts of Plato, Napoleon, and Einstein, and among astrologers, Llewellyn George and Elbert Benjamine ('C.C. Zain'), with the square, are examples of the same active, fertile, explorative tendency in mental form. The native is essentially a seeker and a critic of accepted things. We may also instance Annie Besant and Hahnemann, the homeopathist. There may be a hard rationalistic point of view, or there may be a rigid and obstinate religious attitude of mind, exemplified by James II, who lost his throne because he insisted on trying to Catholicize his subjects. Sometimes there are superstitious tendencies. In any case the native is likely to go contrary to the religious opinions prevalent around him, and to be pious amid the impious and a scoffer among the godly. The bias, unless Saturn is prominent, is towards discontinuity, changefulness, and spurts of short-lived enthusiasms. In ordinary life it is likely to make the native too independent, outspoken, and self-willed to thrive in his relations with others; sometimes there is a deliberate bluntness and roughness of speech. He is apt to be a person apart, and, although he may have sufficient ability - and even exceptional ability - to insure a safe livelihood, he is not likely to be a favorite with his superiors. Sometimes he is a grouser and a malcontent, prone to be for ever assailing the alleged failings of others, especially if Mars is prominent; this proclivity seems to be particularly easily roused to attack Jovian faults, such as pride and hypocrisy.