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Titanium alloys Titanium alloys are metallic materials which contain a mixture of titanium and other chemical elements.

Example of it are Ti-6Al-4V and Ti-5Al-2.5Sn. Titanium Alloys are generally classified into four main categories which are alpha alloy, snear-alpha, alloysalpha ,and beta alloys DISTINTIVE FEATURES relatively low density, high melting temperatures, and high strengths are possible LIMITATION because of chemical reactivity with other materials at elevated temperatures, these alloys are expansive to refine APPLICATIONS aircraft structures, space vehicles, and in chemical and petroleum industries.

Refractory Metals Refractory metals are a class of metals that are extraordinarily resistant to heat and wear. The expression is mostly used in the context of materials science, metallurgy and engineering.

DISTINTIVE FEATURES Extremely high melting temperatures; large elastic moduli, hardness, and strengths. LIMITATION Some experience rapid oxidation at elevated temperatures. APPLICATIONS Extrusion dies, structural parts in space vehicles, incandescent light filaments, x-ray tubes, And welding electrodes.

Superalloys Superalloy, or high-performance alloy, is an alloy that exhibits excellent mechanical strength and resistance to creep (tendency for solids to slowly move or deform under stress) at high temperatures; good surface stability; and corrosion and oxidation resistance. Superalloys typically have a matrix with an austenitic face-centered cubic crystal structure. A superalloy's base alloying element is usually nickel, cobalt, or nickel-iron. DISTINTIVE FEATURES Resistive to high Corrosive & Staining LIMITATION Expensive APPLICATIONS Cookware, House Hold, Surgical Instrument

Tool steel Tool steel refers to a variety of carbon and alloy steels that are particularly well-suited to be made into tools. Their suitability comes from their distinctive hardness, resistance to abrasion, their ability to hold a cutting edge, and/or their resistance to deformation at elevated temperatures (red-hardness). Tool steel is generally used in a heat-treated state. Many high carbon tool steels are also more resistant to corrosion due to their higher ratios of elements such as vanadium and niobium. DISTINTIVE FEATURES Combine with the carbon to form very hard and wear-resistant carbide compounds LIMITATION Cant quench from a red heat APPLICATIONS Injection molding

Bearing Materials There are essentially two choices for the material used in ball bearings - chrome steel or stainless steel. Since the material plays a major part in the performance of a bearing in any given application, it is very important that the correct material is used. Note that the specified material applies to the load bearing components only - the rings and the balls. The retainer and the shields (if used) are usually made from a different material and are subject to separate specification. DISTINTIVE FEATURES Superior grain structure and are free from Surface defect LIMITATION Heat treatment cycle APPLICATIONS Crank shaft bearing,Ball bearing,Ring Bearing

Noble Metals The noble metals are metals that are resistant to corrosion and oxidation in moist air, unlike most base metals. They tend to be precious, often due to their rarity in the Earth's crust. The noble metals are considered to be (in order of increasing atomic number) ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, silver, osmium, iridium, platinum, and gold. Other sources include mercury or even rhenium as a noble metal. On the other hand, titanium, niobium, and tantalum are not included as noble metals despite the fact that they are very resistant to corrosion. Noble metals should not be confused with precious metals DISTINTIVE FEATURES Highly resistant to oxidation, especially at elevated temperatures; soft and ductile. LIMITATION Expensive. APPLICATIONS Jewelry, dental restoration materials, coins, catalysts, and thermocouples.