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5.11.

5.12.

5.13.

5.1.

Chen , B. , Mah e r , M . H. and N awy , E . G . , " F ib e r O pt i c Br a gg G ra tin g Sen s o r f or N o n-De s tru Evaluation of Composite Beams , " Pro ce ed i n gs , A S C E Journ a l o f th e Stru ctur a l Di visio n, Vol.

N

o. 1 2 , Am e rican S o ciet y o f C i v il En g in eers, New Yo r k , D e c. 19 9 4 , pp. 345 6 - 3 4 7 0 .

N

a wy , E. G . , Editor-in-Chief , C o n c r e t e Constru ctio n Engine e rin g H a n d b oo k , 2nd e d ., CRC P : -

B o c a R a ton , FL , 200 8 , 1560 pp.

N a w y , E . G ., Pr estr ess e d Con c rete : A Fundamenta l Appro ac h , 5th e d., 2006 , Pr e ntice Hall, U

S a ddle Ri ve r , NJ , 2 006 , 94 4 pp.

F o r th e be a m cro ss- s e ction s h o wn in Fi g . 5 .33 d e termin e whethe r th e failure of th e b e am w ill b e tiat e d by crushing of concr e te or yielding of ste el. Given:

f ~ = 4000

p s i ( 27 . 6 MP a ) for

c a se ( a ) , A s =

10 in . 2

f ~ = 7 000

psi ( 48 . 3 MPa ) for

c a se ( b ) , A s = 5 in . 2

fy = 6 0 , 000 p s i ( 414 MP a )

Al so d e termine w h e th e r the s e ction sat i s fies A C I C o d e r e qui r emen ts.

5.2.

1_

J

r (304.8 mm) "1

12 in.

C alcul a te the nominal moment s trength of th e b e am s e ction s shown in Fi g . 5.34. Gi v en:

f ~ = 5000 psi ( 3 4 . 5 MPa ) f o r ca s e ( a )

6000 psi ( 41.4 MP a) for cas e ( b )

f y = 60 , 000 p s i ( 414 MPa )

f ~ =

n

E

c E

,-

<t

-

E

C E

.E

.S E

l.-. 10 in .

I ~ (254 mm)-I

J

~Il ;;<q

~~

lI)lI)

I

NM

'"

5 No.7

.<. ~

L

10 in.

J T 1

1

5 in.

------ J

1(254 mm)- I

' - (381 mm) --- '

E

c E

' -N

COM

o

N

E

.

COM

~~

o

N

f ~ =

4000 p s i (27 .6 M P a) , no r m a l-weig h t co n cre t e

f y = 6 0 , 0 0 0 p s i ( 4 1 4 MP a)

T

E

c E

.- co

~;;;

:'! l:'~ l £A i 3 in. (76 . 2 mm) L -- J-t 10in
:'!
l:'~
l
£A
i
3 in.
(76 . 2 mm)
L
--
J-t
10in .
1-------(8.~~;tm)-----·1
\
- (254mm) !
5.4. De s i g n a on e - way s l a b t o carry a l ive lo a d o f 1 00 p sf a nd a n exter n a l d ea d l oad of 5 0 p sf. T h e s l a b is
s
impl y s upp or t e d ove r a s p a n of 1 2 ft . G i ve n :
f ~ =
4000 p s i ( 27.6 M P a ), n or m a l -we i g ht co n cre t e
fy = 60 , 0 0 0 p s i ( 414 M P a )
5.5. D es i g n th e s i m pl y s upp orte d b ea m s s h ow n in Fig. 5 . 36 as r ecta n g ul ar sec tions. Give n :
f ~ =
500 0 p s i (34.5 M P a ) , n o rma l-w eig ht
c o n c r e t e
fy = 60 , 000 p s i ( 414 M P a)
~IIIIIIIIIIIIIII
~
W
L = 1000
Ib / tt (14 . 6 k N / m)
W
D = 500 Ib / ft ( i ncluding
self-weight
of the beam ) ( 7 . 3 k N / m)
~
I
I
-------(6.1
20 ft m)- -- --·
(a)
P L = 5000
(22.5
Ib kN)
P L = 5000 Ib
(22.5 kN)

P L = 10 , 000 Ib (45 kN)

20 ft (6 . 1 m)

(

b )

,

. 5 ft

(1.52m)

10 ft

(3.04 m)

20 ft (6 . 1 m)

(c)

5 ft

(1.52 m)

5.6. C h eck w h e ther th e secti o n s s h ow n i n Fig . 5.37 sa tis f y A C I 318 Co d e r e qu ireme n ts for m aximum

a nd minimum r e in fo r ce m e n t . Gi ve n :

f ~ =

5 0 00 p s i ( 3 4 . 5 M P a ), norma l-we i g h t co n cre t e

fy = 6 0 , 000 psi ( 414 MP a)

Th e c o mp ressio n fib e r s i n a ll th e f i g ur es a r e t h e top fibers of t he se c t i o n s.

~o~

3 in.

( 76.2 m m)

T

.

E

.S: E

ON

M<D 1:::.

f--(3~~~;,,)--1

(a)

2

. 5 i n.

( 63.5 mm)

E

.

.!: E

ON

E M < D r-

c E

' -N

M<ci

;;NO'~ i

r-

L

15in.

i (38 1m m ) j

(b)

_ I

5 .7 . Co mput e th e stresses in th e co mpr ess i on s t ee l , f ; , f o r t h e cr oss sectio ns s ho w n i n Fi g . 5.3 8 co mput e th e nomin a l mom e nt s t re n gt h fo r t he sec t io n in p a r t ( b ) . Gi ve n :

f ~ =

6000 p si (41 . 4 M P a ) , n or m a l-we i g h t co ncr e t e

fy = 6 0 , 000 p s i (4 1 4 M P a)

2. 5 in .

(63.5 mm)

'i N, ! h

.

.

E

S: E

000

N O

~

l~ \ ' i ~

I-

10 in .

(254 . 0 mm)

2.5 In. (63 . 5 mm)

2 .5 in. (63 . 5 m m)

h

~NO.( T I

. E

.S: E

E

: c . ; : E ~

NO' >

/ ".?

4 No. 9

l nl n

N M

~

0

~

I

I-

1 2 In .

(304.8 mm)

-I

5. 8 . Ca l c u late t h e ul t imat e m o m e n t capaci t y o f th e b e a m sec tions of P rob l e m 5 .2 . Ass ume two :

b a r s for c o m pr ess i o n re in forcem e n t .

~ . lO . At f ailu re, dete r min e w h e ther

the pr e c as t sec tio n s s h ow n in F i g . 5 .3 9 wi ll a c t s imila r l y t o r e ct a n g u-

l a r s e c ti o n s or as flan ge d s ecti o n s . G i ve n :

f ~ =

4000 p si (27.6 M P a) , n o rma l -we ig ht co ncr e t e

f y = 6 0 , 00 0 p s i ( 414 M P a)

r- 30 in. ( 762 mm)

3 i n . (76.2 mm)

"I=:-r

t

-

E

C E

. -

I f)

co

.

 

-~

3 No . 9 bars

A

r

~12in.-1

(304 . 8 m m )

r ---30

in . ( 763 mm )

5 No.9 bar s

/ . ~

~15in.-1

(

381 m m)

3 in .

(76.2 mm )

' I L

t

t

1 18

i n. ( 457 mm )i

3 ~ i n .

( 8 " 9 mm )

.-------Ol ~

r-----' t ~

4 No.8 bars

D ,

l-12 in.--l

( 304 . 8 m m)

E

C E

. -

If)

~ r ;;

::!".

L

Figure 5.39

~.ll . C hec k w heth e r the sec ti o n s of Pr o bl e m 5 . 10 sa tis f y A C I Co d e re qui re m e n ts. ~.12 . Cal c ul a te th e n o minal mome nt s t re n g th o f th e se ctio n s s h ow n fo r P r obl e m 5 . 1 0 . ~.13 . R e p ea t P r obl e m 5 . 5 u si n g a T-sec tio n in s t ea d of a r e c tan g ul ar se c tion. Use a flan ge thic kne ss o f 3 i n . (76 . 2 mm ) a nd a f l a n ge w idth of 3 0 in. (762 mm).

5 . 1 4. Us in g th e d e t a il s of Pr o bl e m 5 .4 , d es i g n a re in fo r c ed c oncr e t e T-b ea m f o r t h e sla b floo r sys tem

s h own i n F i g . 5 .4 0. T h e fl o or a r ea is 3 0 ft x 60 f t (9. 1 4 m x 18 . 29 m ) wi th a n effec tive T- b eam s p a n of 30 ft ( 9 . 14 m ) .

5at 1 2 It = 60 I t

( 18 . 29 m )

I

,1

~