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8; 9 10
1

2010: , //
: , (.), 2010, 297-310 (ISBN 978-5-7017-1653-5).
2

- , 731; - , XI. 157-8.

: .[1] [ ] [tiqh/nh]
. []: O, , . [1] , ;
. [] .[1]..; , ,169; Diodorus Siculus, Lib.II. 47;
Chronicon Dubnicense, Ed. Florianus, c. 28.
4

Diodorus Siculus, Lib. III.; Posidonius 56 fragm. 69 in Fragm. Hist. gr. III. 282; Dionysius, Orb. Descr. 7; ,
XIV, 201.
5

, XIV. 193, 200-201, 244 ff, 300-305, XVIII. 402; XI. 21. 639; XII. 1
( - ) - , , 566; , 242, 787
ff , 959; Quintus Smyrnaeus, Posthomerica, Fall of Troy 2. 115 ff , 418 ff.; Euripides, Hippolytus. 121-125; Apollonius
Rhodius, Argonautica 3. 1228 ff.
6

, : 781. [ ] (nyx melain), 782.


. ... 784. ; Strabo, Geography. Ch. I. 7-8.
7

- Homer, Iliad . XIV, 201; , - Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound. 210215; -Hesiod, Theogony. 159.
8

, . IX. 109; , XVIII. 541-550 seqq.

Postumius Rufus Festus Avienus, Descriptio orbis terrae, v. 455; . , IV, 49, 100, 104.

10

... [ ] - , 159171. () .

, 11; 12.
13 ,
14.
() -
()15 , , ()16,
, 17.
( 544 ..), Ogygosto, Ogygia
Okeanos - . Ogenos , ,
, 18 , .
, 19. ,
, ,
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, ,
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20,
11

, 160 -171: ,...


; , ... .
12

Eschyl, Prom. v. 347 seqq; Diodorus Siculus, Lib.III. 60; Fragm Hist. Gr. III. 567.14; , 281 ff, 509510; Plutarch, The Face in the Moon, Elegy and Iambus, Vol. II, J. M. Edmonds, Ed. .Crates. 2.15.3; Plato, Theaetetus
180d: origin of all things is Oceanus and Tethys, flowing streams ().
13

Euripides, Orestes (E. P. Coleridge, Ed.,) v.1375: ...the sea, which bull-headed Ocean (,
.
14

Homer, dyss. XI . 2 ff , 11-13, 18 ff: where is the land and city of the Cimmerians ; Strabo,Geography.1.13-14 :
the north extends to the furthest confines of Scythia,(Tartary) (G.Bell&Sons, London.1903)
15

...-, (, ) - , 242.

16

() - (, . 157-159); , 211.

17

1982: , . 2.
181.
18

Lycophron, Alexandra 231 -- is a variant of Okeanos (omega 43) (Venetus LXX 3;Marcianus 476); ,
Lyc.231, St.Byz., etc.; - Pherecyd. Syr.Fr.2.D.; , (Hesychus): hence = , Id.;
and (unborn, uncreated), , , = (ancient, of ancient times), . Parth.Fr.7. cf. :
(Hesychus)//In:Henry George Liddell. Robert Scott. A Greek-English Lexicon. revised and augmented
throughout by Sir Henry Stuart Jones with the assistance of Roderick McKenzie. Oxford. Clarendon Press. 1940. entry
*wgenos: , , = ; ,
, , ,
.
19

, XIV.v.199-205.

20

, 157-68.

. : .... O21
.., , , ,
,
. , a
.
, ,
, .
, , - Tyras (: )
()22. Danastris Danastus23, Dniester(Nistru). ,
,
- -*Deh2nu- 24.
*dnu- / *dhonu-,
,
, 25,
26. ,
,
. ?
,
27, , -
,
21

, .
: , ,
[] , ,
, .
22

Stephanus Byzantinus. Ethnicorum quae supersunt, Vol. 1, 642; Suida s. v. and .

23

Ammianus Marcellinus. xxxi. 3. 3; Jornand. Get. 5; Const. Porphyr. De administrando Imperio. 8.

24

2006: J.P. Mallory, Adams D.Q., Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-IndoEuropean World, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2006, 434.
25

Dexter 1990: M. R. Dexter, Reflection on the Goddess *Donu //Mankind Quarterly. V. XXXI, Nos. 1 & 2: 45-58.
1990a. Whence the Goddesses. New York and London: Teachers College Press.1990; 1990a: 42-46; EIEC: 486 f;
Petrosyan 1997: 102 ff.; Petrosyan 2002a: 99 ff.,Volume 35, Number 3 & 4, Fall/Winter 2007, 298 -308; Petrosyan
2007: Armen Petrosyan, The Indo-European *H2ner(t)-s and the Danu Tribe// The Journal of Indo-European Studies.
Volume 35, Number 3 & 4, Fall/Winter 2007, 298-308.
26

1974: . : . , ,
2006.
27



( 645 . ..); ( 222 . ..).

.
,
. C (yrs) ()
, ,
, , , , 28 - ,
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, 29.
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, 30
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32
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(. ' ( ), ' 33)
28

1981: Karl P. Wentersdorf //Speculum, Vol. 56, No. 3 (Jul., 1981), pp. 492-516; 1968:
, i. i . i, 1968, 24, 115-117.
29

Hawkins 1990: J. A. Hawkins, Germanic Languages //The Major Languages of Western Europe, Bernard Comrie,
ed., (Routledge 1990). ISBN 0-415-04738-2; ,
- ,
- (py . . pp p . .,
1963 . 35).
30

.. . .: . . ., 1949, . 224.

31

Postumius Rufus Festus Avienus, Descriptio orbis terrae, v. 455. A : (Prob.


19.28); (II, 10); (Lacus Curtius , Ptolemy's Geography. Book III, Chapter 5);
(C. Iulii Solini Collectanea rerum memorabilium, recognovit Th. Mommsen. Berolini, 1864. II. 3. (15,
1); (Dion. Perieg. 310-319); (Claud., De laude Stilichonis, 2, 247; In Rufinum, I, 313);
(Maurus Servius Honoratus, Commentary on the Aeneid of Vergil 4.v.146); Inscriptiones Graecae,
XIV//Inscriptiones Siciliae et Italiae, additis Galliae, Hispaniae, Britanniae, Germaniae inscriptionibus, ed. Georg
Kaibel. Berlin 1890, 1293 , 9497.
32

. , IV 9-10, 49, 100, 104,119; . , IV, 26;


(Ammianus Marcellinus. Rerum Gestarum, XXII, 8); (Strab. Geography , Book xv. p. 687);
. , .2, .5, 8-13 ( e ).
33

. V, 6; . IV 76, 120, 126, 127.

(Agatziri Akatziroi34 );
35; 36 Thussegetae and Tyrcae 37.

.
()
. ()- () Aigaion
(A)38, - ;
- 39. 40 - ,
, .
, -41, ,
,
, 42. ,
- ,
.
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,
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, -
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. 43. ,
,
, ( ) (.34

Priscus. Byzantine History. Vol. XI, 823.

35

Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica (transl. by J. H. Mozley) VI, 135-140; Plin. 4, 12, 26, 88; Mel. 1, 19, 19.

36

Bk. 3, Ch. 5, Para. 11, compare Bk. 3 Ch. 10, Para. 17.

37

Bk. VI. V. 17-VI1. 20 (p. 351).

38

Fowler 1988: R. L. Fowler, - in Early Greek Language and Myth // Phoenix, Vol. 42, No. 2, 95-113.

39

Lykillos of Tarrha //1 Ap. Rhod. 1.1165d.; Gudemann 1907: Alfred Gudemann, Grundriss der Geschichte der
Klassischen philologie, 85; Eumelus of Corinth //Pausanias, 4.33.2. Poetae Melici Graeci 696.
40

Radermacher 1938: L. Radermacher, Mythos und Sage bei den Griechen (Munich etc. 1938) 266 ff.

41

Antonaccio 2006: C. Antonaccio, The Thrice Hero and ancestor cult //Ancient Greece: from the Mycenaean palaces
to the age of Homer by Sigrid Deger-Jalkotzy, Irene S. Lemos, Edinburgh Leventis Studies 3, 384.
42

Linear B tablet (Tn 316.5, PY 1204, Kn 02); Bennet 1958: E.L.Bennet Jr., The Olive Oil tablets of Pylos (Minos
Suppl.2), Salamanca: Universidad de Salamanca, 43-4;Gnomon, # 32. Bd., H. 3, 1960.
43

The Orphic Hymns. LXX.To Melinoe: When under Pluto's [Plouton's - H.S.] semblance.

. /). -
44 , ,
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45.

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.
46 (. ----)47
-
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, 49. :
.
,
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() -
, .
M o-
50
51 -- (pa-to-ri Tu-ri) 52.
44

2010: , //
: , (.), 2010, 297-310 (ISBN 978-5-7017-1653-5),
.
45

Herodotus, Histories 5. 7; Euripides, Bacchae 230ff, 350ff; Apollodorus, The Library 2.191, 4.81.1; Suidas "Saboi" ,
Harpocration s.v., quoting Demosthenes, 18.260.
46

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 179; Hyginus, Fabulae 130.

47

PY Cn 3 Wa and PY 917; PY An 18.

48

/ Cicero, De Natura Deorum 3.21-23; /Suidas s.v. Saboi; Eliade (1982), 172-173; Foucart
1904: Foucart 1904: . Foucart, Le Culte de Dionysos en Attique. (Paris, 1904) 69 82.
49

Picard 1961: Picard, C. Sabazios, dieu thrace-phrygien: expansion et aspects nouveaux de son culte //Revue
archeologique, 1961, II, 129-176.
50

Blmel 1926: R.Blmel, Homerisch // Glotta 15, 1926.S.78-84; Kretschmer 1939: P.Kretschmer. Die
Stellung der lykischen Sprache //Glotta,28, 1939.S.104 ff.

,
,
53 ,
,
()
()/ / / / / / 54/
/// 55.
, .
.
,
. e 21- ,
56 ( )
, ( Tn 316.5
57) , , ,
- - -.
, , , ,
- 58
, ,
59, .
51

Schuchardt 1932: Hugo Schuchardt: ' Schlienmanns Discoveries,' 334-5// The Classical Review, Vol. 46, No. 1
(Feb., 1932) Cambridge University Press, 11.
52

Sayce 1932: A. H. Sayce, The Phrygian Hero Tyris //The Classical Review, Vol. 46, No. 1 (Feb., 1932) Cambridge
University Press, 11.
53

2010: , //
: , (.), 2010, 297-310 (ISBN 978-5-7017-1653-5).
54

Bryant 2011: Jacob Bryant , An Analysis of Antient Mythology MDCCCVI Ed. by Robert D. Morritt (2011)
Cambridge Scholars Publishing, vol.1, 11, 210-215:. Theuth, Thoth, Taut, Taautes, are the same title diversified; and
belong to the chief god of Egypt. Eusebius speaks of him as the same as Hermes. [Eusebius. Prp. Evang. l. 1. c. 9. p.
32. l. 1. c. 10. p. 36. p. 40.] It is said of Cadmus, that he introduced the rites of [1066]Bacchus into Greece.( 210-211).
55

Mller 1847: Karl Otfried Mller, Ancient art and its remains: or a manual of the archaeology of art (1847 London),
356.
56

Young 1965: Douglas Young, Is Linear B Deciphered? //Arion, Vol. 4, No. 3 (Autumn, 1965) 528.

57

Linear B tablets (PY 1204, Tn 316.5, Kn 02); Bennet 1958: .Bennet Jr., The Olive Oil tablets of Pylos //(Minos
Suppl.2), Salamanca, 1958, 43-4; Palmer 1960: L. R. Palmer, Review, //Gnomon, 32. Bd., H. 3, 1960, 193-200.
58

2005: .. , // : , ( 2005)
87-96; 1990: . , - . (
1990) 63.
59

, (. 345 . . 260 . .)
(FHG.I.408) : Suidas s.v. Tritiopatores (from Harpocration s.v.); Book 3,[22] (a)

, .
.
60 , ",
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B (Mercurius ter
Maximus) .
61, ,
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),
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, , .

Harpocration. Tricephalus ["three-headed"]: Isaeus in Against Eucleides says, "A little above the Tricephalus, along the
Hestia way." The full form would be: "the Tricephalus Hermes". Philochorus in book 3 says that (?) Eucleides erected
this at Ancyle (from Jacoby's Fragmente der Griechischen Historiker (FGrH_328)). (b) SUDA, "Tricephalus". A
[statue of] Hermes, which indicated the roads and had an inscription, telling where one road led, and where the other
led. Perhaps it had one face for each road. According to Philochorus, the Tricephalus Hermes was erected by
Procleides, the lover of Hipparchus.
60

, . V, , 7; Eliade 1978: Mircea Eliade, Histoire des croyances et des idees religieuses.
Tome II. De Gautama Bouddha au triomphe du christianisme. P.: Payot, 1978 , XV. 122, I. 178.
61

62

M. Tulli Ciceronis, De Natura Deorum Ad M. Brutum Liber Tertius, 56.

() . ,
. , ,
. . ,
, , . (.
I 38; III 74; -. II 1, 3; . 145).
.


63, .. : ,
, ; ,
[Bakkheios] , [],
64, [ ] [],
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64

, : He was looked upon as a great benefactor, and the first


cultivator of the vine. [The Phdrus of Plato, Anthologia. l. 1. 91. l. 1. 29.]// An Analysis of Antient Mythology
MDCCCVI by Jacob Bryant, 2011.Cambridge Scholars Publishing, vol.1, 11-14.
65

2010: , //
: , ., 2010, 297-310 (ISBN 978-5-7017-1653-5).

()

- .
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66 - .
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() .
- -: 67 (pu-ka-wo/purkawoi);
---- (pa-ra-ki-ri-ja /pe-ra-ko-ra-i-ja)68 (pu2-ra2-a-ke-re-u)69
, , 70,
, 71.
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, 72.
-
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66

2003:.. , //
: . . .,
2003, 8;
, .
, (C . Ethnicorum quae supersunt 735-736).
67

-: An 39 v.4; Fn 837; Fn 50; / Olivier 1960, 114-119; /Killen 2001,


437.
68

-: PY An 298.1, H3; PY Cn 45.4.5.6.7.11. L. R. Palmer. Reviewed work(s): A propos


d'un 'liste' de desservants de sanctuarie dans les documents en linaire B de Pylos by J. -P. Olivier// Gnomon, 34. Bd.,
H. 7 (Dec., 1962) 707-711; Chadwick 1994:J. Chadwick , The Mycenaean World (8th ed.). Cambridge (1994) 42-43;
Bennet 1995: J. Bennet, Space Through Time: Diachronic Perspectives on the Spatial Organisation of the Pylian State.
// R. Laffineur and W-D Neimeier [eds], Politeia: Society and State in the Aegean Bronze Age//Aegaeum 12 (2).
Universite de Liege, University of Texas at Austin, 588; Ng 319, Wa 948, Wa 114, and Pa 398.
69

-: Nn 228.3.

70

Hajnal 1997: Ivo Hajnal: Sprachschichten des mykenischen Griechisch. Salamanca, 1997, 33; Lane 2004-2005: M.
Lane, Linear B wo-wo/wo-wi-ja. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield, UK. Minos: Revista de Filologa Egea, vol.3738,
2004/2005, 82, 102-6.
71

2006: S. Nikoloudis, The ra-wa-ke-ta, Ministerial Authority and Mycenaean Cultural Identity.
Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin (Austin 2006).
72

Talbot 1870: H. Talbot. Contributions towards of the Assyrian Language //Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of
Great Britain and Ireland Vol IV, Art.1, Part II, (London1870), 63.

/ parakku , , 73,
74; , , ,
- -75. ,
,

. ,
, 76.
,
*perkwo-,*perkwu-, "
[], ", " , (!) ", " []
(, , ).
- ( ) ( )77, .
, .
,
, ()
(- ),
.
() - :
, , (, , ) < - *ghel(H)-yo/*ghl(H)-yo-, () , ,
- , ,
.
hala , , , .
(Tarhun, Tarhunt, Tarhuwant),
(Teshub), (Taru), ,
(DTRH-hu-4-n tu-wa-r-s3-sa-a-n)
. , , ,

73

Sayce 1901: . Sayce, The Religions of Ancient Egypt and Babylonia, Part 2, lecture 9, (1901). The Gifford Lectures
(1900-1902) Oxford University, (Edinburgh 1903).; Kilmer 1963: A. Kilmer, Journal of Archaeology and Oriental
Studies (JAOS), vol.83, 1963, 429: 274-75, 443: 152-55; Horowitz 1998, 12.
74

George 1992: A. George, Babylonian Topographical Texts, BM 38602.col.iii (no.10), 1992, 369, 411.

75

2010: , //
: , ., 2010, 297-310.
76

, 1996: . . . . ,
(.), 1996.
77

2003:.. , //
: . . (.,
2003) 8.

, , , 78. ,
.
.
- II
. . . (tuwarsa),
(Hesychius). .
, V . . .,
79. ,
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(tirsas) (Hesychius). ,
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81, ,

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---- (wo-no-wa-ti-si)82, (Oinoa).
, .
(Oinoa ()) (Oine ())
.
83.
78

2005: .. , . . .(Chiinu
2005)102.
79

William Smith, A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray (London, 1875) 1129.

80

- : PY Xa 102 & PY Xa 1419; Palmer 1963, 414; Palaima 1998, 205-222.

81

Olivier 1962: J. -P. Olivier, A propos d'un 'liste' de desservants de sanctuarie dans les documents en linaire B de
Pylos //Gnomon, 34. Bd., H. 7 (Dec., 1962) 707-711.
82

83

- Pylos PY Vn 48.6 Pylos Xb 1419; Palmer 1963, 414.

Puhvel 1964: J. Puhvel, Eleuther and Oinoatis: Dionysiac Data from Mycenaean Greece //Mycenaean Studies, ed.
Emmett L. Bennett Jr. University of Wisconsin Press (Madison 1964), 161-170.

-

: Cerasus84 85 (), ,
. , ,
.
, ,
.
,
.
, -,
. -
/86 , ,

( ).
keraa /keraha/, ,- m. ;
-: *kra- . ,
87
( . . bucak , , ),
(.-. /). ,

- , 21- -,
88.
, (IEED)
, , ,- (s. v.), gcei-kraunoj
; ,- , ; ,- (
, () - ,

84

, , I.274.

85

Kretschmer1965: Kretschmer //Glotta 5, 309; G. Neumann, Untersuch. 101, Hester, Lingua 13, 1965, 356

86

Beekes 2009: Robert Beekes with the assistance of Lucien van Beek , Greek etymological dictionary, 337 //Leiden
Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series, #10.
87

There is a river, the uttermost horn of Ocean, broad and exceeding deep, that a merchant ship may traverse; they call
it Ister and have marked it far off; and for a while it cleaves the boundless tilth alone in one stream; for beyond the
blasts of the north wind, far off in the Rhipaean mountains, its springs burst forth with a roar (Apollonius Rhodius .
Argonautica. Book IV. 282). 3- , -
, ,
400 - . ,
- , .
88

1990: . , - . ( 1990),
14-89.

. ) ,-89 - - - ,- ( ),
. , ,
, :
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. 90
, , - ,
91. , /,
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,
.

,
, 92. 93
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94.
,

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95
: . 155 ,

:
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89

P.Holm., Clem.; Redard Les noms grecs en thj, 55// Griechisches Etymologisches Woerterbuch [Frisk] 1,826-827.

90

Mendelsohn 1992: Daniel Mendelsohn, : Dithyrambic Language and Dionysiac Cult //The Classical
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91

Hauvette-Besnault 1905: A. Hauvette-Besnault , Archiloque: Sa vie et ses poesies, (Paris), 1905.

92

Mahr 1938: August C. Mahr, The Origins of the Greek Tragic Form: A Study of the Early Theater in Attica ( New
York (1938) 25.
93

Deichgraber 1935: Karl Deichgraber, Die Kadmus-Teiresiasszene in Euripides Bakchen // Hermes. 70 (1935) 323 ff
Festugire 1956: Andr-Jean Festugire , La signification religieuse de la Parodos des Bacchantes //Eranos 54 (1956)
80 ff.
94

Vox 1982: Vox, Il ditirambo XVIII di Bacchilide: dialogo ed enigma, Maya 34 (1982) 136f; Privitera 1977: G.
Privitera, II ditirambo da canto cultualea spettacolo musicale // Ritoe poesia corale in Greciae, d. Claude Calame (Bari
1977) 100,109; Harvey 1955: A. E. Harvey,The Classification of Greek Lyric Poetry // CQ 5 (1955) 160.
95

Seaford 1977: Richard Seaford, The 'Hyporchema' of Pratinas // Maya 29 (1977) 88, 89.


-, , V ..
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, .
97 ,
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98. 99 .
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101. ,
96

Pickard-Cambridge 1962: Arthur Pickard-Cambridge, Dithyramb Tragedy and Comedy, (2nd ed., Oxford 1962),99.;
Aiskhylos fr. 355 Radt (quoted by Plutarch, De Ei apud Delphos 389b), and on Pindar 0l.13.18.
97

Seaford 1981: Richard Seaford, Dionysiac Drama and the Dionysiac Mysteries//CQ. 31. (1981) 252-75; Seaford
1986: Richard Seaford, Immortality, Salvation and the Elements //HSCP. 90. (1986) 1-25.
98

Mendelsohn 1991:Daniel Mendelsohn, : Dithyrambic Language and Dionysiac Cult //The Classical
Journal, Vol. 87, No. 2 (Dec., 1991 - Jan., 1992),105-124.
99

Arkhilokhos fr. 77B=120W: '


; Kratinos fr.187K = 199K-A Euripides (Bakkhai,1103).
100

2007: . , ., ,
//Tyragetia, s.n., vol. I [XVI], nr. 1, 2007, 169-180; 2010: .. ,
3 . // :
, ., 2010, 134.
101

, . " ?
", . : " ". "
?" " ; " (. 471-74).


.
-

, ,
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,
102.
,
103.
,
Etymologicum Magnum (277, 35) /-
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, ,
,
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, , ,
104. , ,
. , ,

105. , ,
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,
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,
, , :
, .

102

Homer hymn 1 to Dionysos (4, 21); the Homer hymn.7 to Dionysos (1, 56 ff.); cf. Pindar fr. 75 S-M (12, 19).

103

, ( )//(PMG 792).

104

105

Farnell 1909: Lewis R. Farnell, The Cults of the Greek City-States, vol. 5 (Oxford 1909) 209.

Roscher 1915: W. H. Roscher, Ausfiihrliches Lexikon der griechischen und rdmischen Mythologie, vol. 4 (Leipzig
1909-15), 670.

106.
, , , -
,
, ,
, .
( , ),
(), ,
,
107.
,
.
108: ,
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: , , .
; ,
( ).
, , ,
,
, , , ,
.
, .
/Ploutos/109, , ,
, ,
(Pindar, Ol. 2.53)110.
,
.

106

Burkert 1987: W. Burkert, Ancient Mystery Cults (Cambridge, Mass. 1987) 73. . 38 (155)
.
107

Mendelsohn 1992:Daniel Mendelsohn, : Dithyrambic Language and Dionysiac Cult //The Classical
Journal, Vol. 87, No. 2 (Dec., 1991 - Jan., 1992),105-124
108

Plutarch, Fr. 178; G.E.Mylonas


, Eleusis and the Eleusinian Mysteries (Princeton 1961) 264 ff; Seaford, Dionysiac Drama..., 255,
note 37, .
109

, po-ro-u-te-u, po-ro-u-te-wo (Jn 310.5 in Gn 131.5); . . ., 1986. 116; B. Sergent, Perse : Pylos et les Enfers//
Journal of the History of Religions (1986), Vol.203-1, 5-39; ( LXX.T
Melinoe; LXXI. To Fortune [Tykhe]).
110

Seaford 1981: Richard Seaford, Dionysiac Drama and the Dionysiac Mysteries //CQ. 31. (1981) 256.

.
, 111 ,
, .
, [ ]
, .
. ,
.
,
, , ,
, (oreibasia sparagmos). 112
,
(trbasia), -
(), () ,
, , .
. - ,
, , ,
, ,
, , -,
. ,
(srba/
perini) ( ),
, ,
praefervidum ingenium Thracorum.

1672 a, (Tyrba)
113, .
,
, , . ,
. , , ,
.
, ,
,
, , ,
, .
. ,
,
.
, : ,
111

Dodds 1960:E. R. Dodds, Euripides Bacchae ( 2nd ed., Oxford 1960) 62-64 (on 6).

112

Pollux, Julius 14.104.

113

The acts and decrees of the Synod of Jerusalem: sometimes called the Council of Bethlehem holden under Dositheos,
Patriarch of Jerusalem in 1672, transl. from Greek (London 1899) 71: and from the Tyrba which they commonly call
the Nistrus.

,
, . -- (pu-ka-wo/purkawoi)
(. ) , () , ()
- , .
,
. .
-

: ()- ,
*perkwu- ( - )
, *pu-ri , .
, ,
. ,
.
/,
: Semel keraunoumen,
-,
. ,
. ( ), , , .
- . ,
, , ,
, 114 (III . . .).
. :
(. . ) 115.
,
, - -
,
, 116.
,
,
, , le charactere primitif
(Rohde 335-36. 119).
114

. De esu m. I, . VII (Kern. Or. Fr. n. 210); Dion Chrysostome, : , 55.


. , II, 17,2;8,2.; : "
" (fr. 133 Schr.), , , (701):
.
115

1969: , . 2.
181. , 2002.
116

Jeanmair 1951:. Jeanmair, Dionysos: Historie du culte de Bacchus (Paris 1951) 404; Guthrie 1952:W. K. C.
Guthrie, Orpheus and Greek Religion (2nd ed., London 1952)107; cf. Detienne 1977:M. Detienne, Dionysos mis
mort (Paris 1977) 165, 197; and Rohde 1925: Erwin Rohde, Psyche (8th ed., New York 1925) 341.

,
, .
,
.
, 117 . 118.
(Thurii (Thourioi)) 119, ,
, , . ,
120. , ,
. ,
, ,
, -
.
.
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, ,
.

, ,
121, :
( , ),
.
, ,
- la
a. ,
. (,
) ,
. -
,
. ,
, , , ,
117

Burkert 1987: W. Burkert, Ancient Mystery Cults (Cambridge, Mass. 1987) 73. . 38 (155)
.
118

West 1983:M. L. West, The Orphic Poems (Oxford 1983) 15 ff.

119

Zuntz 1971: G. Zuntz, Persephone (Oxford 1971) 2, 77-393.

120

Seaford 1986: R. Seaford, Immortality, Salvation, and the Elements //HSCP 90 (1986) 5-6.
(H. h. Apoll. 336); (Plato, Laws
701c).
121

2002: . , . ., 2002, 176-178, 181.

,
, , . ,
, ,
.
-
: (3-5), ,
(6), .
, ,
:
(.2.7; .3.7). , - ,

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122. ,

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123.
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,
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,
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- , (Dispilio Tablet), ,
, , , , .
, ,
.
,
,
,
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( , ) ,
, - ( )
.
, , .
,
,
: , , ..

122

Merlini 2008: Marco Merlini, Gheorghe Lazarovici. Settling discovery circumstances, dating and utilization of the
Trtria Tablets //Acta Terrae Septemcastrensis, 2008.
123

124

Mendelsohn 1992: Daniel Mendelsohn //The Classical Journal, 87, 105-24.

Eliade 1982: .Eliade, A History of Religious Ideas. The University of Chicago Press, (Chicago and London 1982).
Vol. 2, 170-179.; Morintz 1977: S.Morintz, Probleme privind originea tracilor in lumina cercetrilor arheologice
//Revista de istorie 18. t. 30. (Bucureti 1977),1465-1488; , , ,
, " " ( ),
- .

, .
.
,

.
/.
,
, ,
,
- ,
.
, ,
-.
,
, 125
.

,
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.

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,
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,
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.
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. . -.

125


,
, 75000 .

.
.

a 25/ -126 II , .
, ,
a.
, ,
( )127. ,
128 ,
, -
, .
, 129 130
( ) 131
132. -,
(I . . .), , ,
,
/ 1637 .. , -
, .

(/-/) ,

126

2001: . . . .
XIIIII . ., , , 2001 ISBN 966-7865-08-8.
127

Pliny the Elder. Natural history. In thirthy-seven books, Volumes 1-3, 257.

128

Pseudo-Eupolemus // Eusebius, De Praeparatio Evangelica 9.17.29. quotations from the historian Alexander
Polyhistor.
129

Diodorus Siculus, Lib. III. 56: Now the Atlantians, dwelling as they do in the regions on the edge of the ocean and
inhabiting a fertile territory, are reputed far to excel their neighbours in reverence towards the gods and the humanity
they showed in their dealings with strangers, and the gods, they say, were born among them. And their account, they
maintain, is in agreement with that of the most renowned of the Greek poets (Homer; the lines are from the Iliad 14.200
1) when he represents Hera as saying: For I go to see the ends of the bountiful earth, Oceanus source of the gods and
Tethys divine Their mother.
130

Tryphiodorus, The Taking of Ilias 670 ff (trans. Mair) (Greek poet C5th A.D.) :"Eos (Dawn) in her car was just
speeding back from Okeanos in the East and marking great space of sky with slowly brightening light, dispelling
night."; Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 5. 408 ff : iron Atlas stands in Oceanus, the wave swelling and breaking on his
knees;.
131

. IV 27, 5; -. , 4.

132

. , 6; , .13 = . I 73, 2.

, (
133).
, -
.
, ,
- (
), ,
, " " ("Deus otiosus").
- ( ,
134, - 135, ,
) - , ,
, ( ),
.
(Syncellus) ,
(Manetho) II
(282-229 ..), : (land of Seiria) ... []
, ,
...
136, , (father of Tat)
; ......, : ,
,
, 137. ,
,
, .
133

. ,
365 , (. 5:22-24) .
134

. (Philebus 18 b,c) .., 1924.

135

Bryant 2011: An Analysis of Antient Mythology MDCCCVI by Jacob Bryant, Ed. by Robert D. Morritt (2011)
Cambridge Scholars Publishing, vol.1, 11: Suidas calls him Theus; It was the same deity, which the Germans and
Celt worshipped under the name of Theut-Ait, or Theutates; whose sacrifices were very cruel, as we learn from
Lucan. [Lucan. l. 1. v. 444.].
136

(; .-. )
, .
(. . III 7. 1; VIII 10. 3 . . .1-8. ., 2003. .509, 518).
, (Pausanias, Description of Greece, viii. 36.
3); Fraser. Ptolemaic Alexandria. Vol. 1. P. 210-211. Vol. 2. P. 358-359; Tarn. Op. cit. P. 218-219.
- (Col. II. 2-3);
Koenen L. Prophezeiung des Tpfers // ZPE. 1968. Bd. 2. S. 178-209.
137

Copenhaver 1995: Brian P. Copenhaver, Hermetica: the Greek Corpus Hermeticum and the Latin Asclepius in a new
English translation, with notes and introduction (Cambridge University Press, 1995) 15; Gerald P. Verbrugghe, John
Moore Wickersham: Berossos and Manetho, Introduced and Translated: Native Traditions in Ancient Mesopotamia and
Egypt. University of Michigan Press, 2001,174.

138,
. , , .
,
.

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, , 139 , ,
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141.
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138

,
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(Hermes
Trismegistos), .
139

.-. ga , , gan , , , . C "",


, (. ) "", "".
140

( Psais) - , ; . (. 2707 2150


. .) XVIII (15501292 . .).
, , , .
, .
141

40- . * . 10[- ];
- , [] []
; [] .. ( 2001).
( XXIV-XXII
. .. X-XII ) .
142

Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica (transl. by J. H. Mozley) VI, 134.

143. , ,
,
,
- (Theras (. )),
144. , (
XIX .. 1450 ..) -- / ka-du-ma-145,
. .

-. ,
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-,

, , .

143

: [] : . [Eusebius. Prp.
Evang. l. 1, c. 10. p. 36. from Sanchoniathon.]// Bryant 2011: An Analysis of Antient Mythology MDCCCVI by Jacob
Bryant, Ed. by Robert D. Morritt, (Cambridge Scholars Publishing 2011), vol.1, 11, 210-218; 1928: . . ,
, ,
, (1928) . 2.
144

145

, . .4, 147.

Linear A texts from Haghia Triada HT 29.6; 2000: ..


II . .. (., 2000) 95.

Dr.Henry Shephard, Archaeological Institute of America


e-mail: drhenryshephard@yahoo.com

2008 Henry Shephard. Purcarian Roots of Dionysus. All rights reserved.


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