Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 1

Civil service has a very important role in bringing Civil service has a very important role in bringing and

sustaining development and growth in a country. It is almost universally expected that bureaucracy be so designed and shaped as to respond willingly and effectively to policy leadership from outside its own ranks. Bureaucracies under a wide variety of political regimes display similarities and diversities at the same time. As Ferrel Heady has said, "bureaucracy should be basically instrumental in its operation that it should serve as an agent and not as master". But we cannot assert that bureaucracy can or should play strictly an instrumental role, uninvolved in policy making and unaffected by exposure to political process. In fact the major cause for topics for group discussion about civil service exam is the possibility of its moving away from the instrumental role to become a primary power wielder in the political system. felt that restricting the bureaucracy to an instrumental role is all the more difficult in developing nations "where the bureaucracy may be the most coherent power centre and where, in addition, the major decisions regarding national development are likely to involve authoritative rule-making and ruleapplication by governmental structure which results in the emergence of 'over-powering' bureaucracies". Bernard Brown and Milton Esman acknowledge the centrality of administration in developing systems, while advocating that it be strengthened rather than downgraded. Thus, bureaucracy essentially is an instrumentality of the government and is an aid, essential equipment, for operational purposes. Civil service by its, about upsc exam recruitment, training, style and culture is best suited for playing the role of adviser to politicians rather than playing the politician's role. In any democratic set-up, where the party with the mandate of majority of the people gets the controlling authority to govern, it is the politicians who have to fulfill people's demands and aspirations; they reflect nation's will. Therefore, anyone who does not represent the people cannot speak for them. Bureaucrats thus have no primacy, no supremacy, in determining such macrolevel national policies. They can, at best, tender professional advice and render assistance, as may be needed from time to time, to the political policy makers in defining and refining the policies. They play, most certainly, the significant crucial role in implementing such policies and taking decisions within the overall framework of such policies. In normal circumstances, the bureaucrats, since they are professionally trained in their art of "driving under direction", have perfected the technique of 'decision-making'. But otherwise, when it comes to "discontinuity" or "uncertainty", that is, at the time of emergency, the) look for directives and seek dictates. Rule application, rule interpretation and rule- adjudication are some of the tasks better done by the bureaucrats. Politicians do not remain in power permanently as they come and go through time-bound electoral process.