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ASSIGNMENT NO.

Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud Date : 24-Nov-2010

Numerical Analysis Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.2

24-NOV-2010

Q2. Draw the following curves in [Sae-T] and [Sae-Sde ] formats for both response spectrum and Design Spectrum (Steel Frame with Welded Connections) Curve 1: All Soil Classes for ag=0.15g Curve 2: All Soil Classes for ag=0.3g Curve 3: All Design Ground Accelerations for Soil Class C Curve 4: All Design Ground Accelerations for Soil Class B

Q3. Solve Question-of Exam-2009

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Numerical Analysis Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.2

24-NOV-2010

Solution Q2. Show below figures Curve 1: All Soil Classes for ag=0.15g

Acc. Spectrum (Elastic) ag =0.15g , =1.2


1.1

Elastic Spectral Acc. Sed (g)

1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 0 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.7 3 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.2 Soil Class A Soil Class B Soil Class C Soil Class D

Period T (Sec.)

Figure: Elastic Spectral Acc. VS. Period T for all type of soil

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Numerical Analysis Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.2

24-NOV-2010

Acc. Spectrum (Design) ag =0.15g , =1.2


0.3

Design Spectral Acc. Sad (g)

0.2 Soil Class A Soil Class B 0.1 Soil Class C Soil Class D

0 0 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.7 3 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.2

Period T (Sec.)

Figure: Design Spectral Acc. VS. Period T for all type of soil

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Numerical Analysis Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.2

24-NOV-2010

Acc. Spectrum (Elastic) ag =0.15g , =1.2


1.1 1

Elastic Spectral Acc. Sae (g)

0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 0.0000 0.0010 0.0020 0.0030 0.0040 0.0050 0.0060 0.0070 0.0080 0.0090 0.0100 Soil Class A Soil Class B Soil Class C Soil Class D

Elastic Spectral Disp. Sde (m)

Figure: Elastic Spectral Acc. VS. Elastic Spectral Disp. for all type of soil

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Numerical Analysis Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.2

24-NOV-2010

Acc. Spectrum (Design) ag =0.15g , =1.2


0.25

Design Spectral Acc. Sad (g)

0.2

0.15 Soil Class A 0.1 Soil Class B Soil Class C Soil Class D 0.05

0 0.0000

0.0020

0.0040

0.0060

0.0080

0.0100

0.0120

0.0140

0.0160

Design Spectral Disp. Sdd (m)

Figure: Design Spectral Acc. VS. Design Spectral Disp. for all type of soil

Curve 2: All Soil Classes for ag=0.3g


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Numerical Analysis Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.2

24-NOV-2010

Acc. Spectrum (Elastic) ag =0.3g , =1.2


2.2

Elastic Spectral Acc. Sed (g)

2 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.7 3 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.2 Soil Class A Soil Class B Soil Class C Soil Class D

Period T (Sec.)
Figure: Elastic Spectral Acc. VS. Period T for all type of soil

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Numerical Analysis Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.2

24-NOV-2010

Acc. Spectrum (Design) ag =0.3g , =1.2


0.5

Design Spectral Acc. Sad (g)

0.4

0.3 Soil Class A 0.2 Soil Class B Soil Class C Soil Class D 0.1

0 0 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.7 3 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.2

Period T (Sec.)
Figure: Design Spectral Acc. VS. Period T for all type of soil

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Numerical Analysis Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.2

24-NOV-2010

Acc. Spectrum (Elastic) ag =0.3g , =1.2


2.2

Elastic Spectral Acc. Sae (g)

2 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0.0000 0.0050 0.0100 0.0150 0.0200 Soil Class A Soil Class B Soil Class C Soil Class D

Elastic Spectral Disp. Sde (m)


Figure: Elastic Spectral Acc. VS. Elastic Spectral Disp. for all type of soil

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Numerical Analysis Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.2

24-NOV-2010

Acc. Spectrum (Design) ag =0.3g , =1.2


0.5

Design Spectral Acc. Sad (g)

0.4

0.3 Soil Class A 0.2 Soil Class B Soil Class C Soil Class D 0.1

0 0.0000

0.0050

0.0100

0.0150

0.0200

0.0250

0.0300

0.0350

Design Spectral Disp. Sdd (m)


Figure: Design Spectral Acc. VS. Design Spectral Disp. for all type of soil

Curve 3: All Design Ground Accelerations for Soil Class C

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Numerical Analysis Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.2

24-NOV-2010

Acc. Spectrum (Elastic) Soil Class C , =1.2


1.8

Elastic Spectral Acc. Sed (g)

1.6 1.4 1.2 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.7 3 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.2 Region 1 Region 2 Region 3 Region 4 Region 5.a Region 5.b

Period T (Sec.)

Figure: Elastic Spectral Acc. VS. Period T for all ground acc. type of soil C

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Numerical Analysis Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.2

24-NOV-2010

Acc. Spectrum (Design) Soil Class C , =1.2


0.4

Design Spectral Acc. Sad (g)

0.3 Region 1 0.2 Region 2 Region 3 Region 4 0.1 Region 5.a Region 5.b

0 0 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.7 3 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.2

Period T (Sec.)
Figure: Design Spectral Acc. VS. Period T for all ground acc. type of soil C

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Numerical Analysis Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.2

24-NOV-2010

Acc. Spectrum (Elastic) Soil Class C , =1.2


1.8 1.6

Elastic Spectral Acc. Sae (g)

1.4 1.2 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0.0000 Region 1 Region 2 Region 3 Region 4 Region 5.a Region 5.b

0.0020

0.0040

0.0060

0.0080

0.0100

0.0120

0.0140

Elastic Spectral Disp. Sde (m)


Figure: Elastic Spectral Acc. VS. Elastic Spectral Disp. for all ground acc. type of soil C

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Numerical Analysis Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.2

24-NOV-2010

Acc. Spectrum (Design) Soil Class C , =1.2


0.4

Design Spectral Acc. Sad (g)

0.3

Region 1 0.2 Region 2 Region 3 Region 4 Region 5.a 0.1 Region 5.b

0 0.0000

0.0050

0.0100

0.0150

0.0200

0.0250

0.0300

0.0350

Design Spectral Disp. Sdd (m)


Figure: Design Spectral Acc. VS. Design Spectral Disp. for all ground acc. type of soil C

Curve 4: All Design Ground Accelerations for Soil Class B

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Numerical Analysis Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.2

24-NOV-2010

Acc. Spectrum (Elastic) Soil Class B , =1.2


1.6

Elastic Spectral Acc. Sed (g)

1.4 1.2 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.7 3 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.2

Region 1 Region 2 Region 3 Region 4 Region 5.a Region 5.b

Period T (Sec.)

Figure: Elastic Spectral Acc. VS. Period T for all ground acc. type of soil B

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Numerical Analysis Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.2

24-NOV-2010

Acc. Spectrum (Design) Soil Class B , =1.2


0.4

Design Spectral Acc. Sad (g)

0.3

Region 1 0.2 Region 2 Region 3 Region 4 0.1 Region 5.a Region 5.b

0 0 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.7 3 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.2

Period T (Sec.)
Figure: Design Spectral Acc. VS. Period T for all ground acc. type of soil B

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Numerical Analysis Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.2

24-NOV-2010

Acc. Spectrum (Elastic) Soil Class B , =1.2


1.6 1.4 1.2 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0.0000

Elastic Spectral Acc. Sae (g)

Region 1 Region 2 Region 3 Region 4 Region 5.a Region 5.b

0.0020

0.0040

0.0060

0.0080

0.0100

0.0120

Elastic Spectral Disp. Sde (m)


Figure: Elastic Spectral Acc. VS. Elastic Spectral Disp. for all ground acc. type of soil B

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Numerical Analysis Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.2

24-NOV-2010

Acc. Spectrum (Design) Soil Class B , =1.2


0.4

Design Spectral Acc. Sad (g)

0.3

Region 1 0.2 Region 2 Region 3 Region 4 Region 5.a 0.1 Region 5.b

0 0.0000

0.0050

0.0100

0.0150

0.0200

0.0250

0.0300

0.0350

Design Spectral Disp. Sdd (m)

Figure: Design Spectral Acc. VS. Design Spectral Disp. for all ground acc. type of soil B

Q3.1-Estimation Wind Force F4 according to ANSI


Basic wind speed (3-sec gust speed) = 100 mph = 44.704 m/s

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Numerical Analysis Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.2

24-NOV-2010

Important factor (Structure category)

= 1.07

Terrain exposure constant : for terrain exposure B = 4.5 Kz = 2.58 ( Z / Zg ) 1/ qz = 0.613 Kz ( V I ) 2 ( N/m2 ) ( N/m2 ) Zg = 1200 ft = 365.76 m Do = 0.01

= 0.613 Kz * ( 1.07 * 44.704 )2

Guest Factor G is calculated accord. ANSI as shown below. B = 15m h = 75m building width building height So,building is rigid

H / B =75 / 15 = 5.0 Tz =

G = 0.65 + 3.65 Tz = 1.18736 L / B = 25 / 25 = 1.0 Cp = 0.8 Cp = -0.5

) .

( .
.

) .

= 0.1472

for windward wall for leeward wall

Wind On building :Floor NO. 5TH Z (m) 75 KZ 1.81 I 1.07 qz ( N/m2 ) 2544.6 Cp (front+rear) 1.3 Gh 1.1874 Pz ( N/m2 ) 3928

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Numerical Analysis Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.2

24-NOV-2010

4th 3rd

60 45

1.73 1.62

1.07 1.07

2421.5 2271.5

1.3 1.3

1.1874 1.1874 AVG.

3738 3506 3724

Wind Force F4 = ( 3928+2*3738+3506 ) /4 * 25 * 15 /1000 = 1398 KN

Q3.2-Distributing Wind Force F4 = 1396 KN


By Upper Limit ( Rigid Diaphram ) Distribution is according to stiffness Force in bracing at axis 1 or 3 Force in frame at axis 2 By Lower Limit ( NO-Diaphram ) Distribution is according to served area Force in bracing at axis 1 or 3 Force in frame at axis 2 = 1 / 4 * 1398 = 350 KN = 1 / 2 * 1398 = 699 KN = 8 / (8+1+8) * 1398 = 657.9 KN = 1 / (8+1+8) * 1398 = 82.2 KN

Q3.3-a. Seismic force according to Egypt code for loads


Check time period 0.8 sec <= 1.2 Ct H3/4 O.K As time period = 0.8 sec > 2.0 sec & 4 Tc (Tc atleast 0.25 ) ,and regular horizontal plan with regular vertical elevations. So, Use simplified modal response spectrum method Fb = Sd ( T1 ) . W / g Where : -Sd ( T1 ) is design spectrum acceleration calculated for time period = 0.8 sec - = 1.0 for T1 > 2.0 Tc

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Numerical Analysis Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.2

24-NOV-2010

-W/g is total mass of building Distribution of force Fb may based first mode shape and may be by assuming linear displacement over hight. Fi =( ) * Fb
,

F4 =(

) * Fb = 0.267 * Fb

Q3.3-b. Distribution Seismic force F4 = 1396 KN


-By Upper Limit ( Rigid Diaphram ) Force applied at centre of mass (almost centre of plan) which is same of centre of area So, No changes in distribution than in item 2 above

-By Lower Limit ( NO-Diaphram ) Distribution is according to served mass Each system served mass as same ratio of served wind area. So, No changes in distribution than in item 2 above

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