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ASSIGNMENT NO.

Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud Date : 29-Dec-2010

High Rise Building Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.4

29-DEC-2010

Q6. Compare (in not more than 5 pages) between Egyptian Code for Loads 2003 and 2008 in calculation of Wind Load and Seismic Load Solution Comparison of Wind Force Calculation

2003 Code
Pf = Cf K q A Where : A is area subjected to wind Cf total wind force coefficient q is basic wind pressure K exposure factor

2008 Code
Pf = Cf K q A Where : A is area subjected to wind Cf total wind force coefficient q is basic wind pressure K exposure factor

Z(m) 0 to 10 10 to 20 20 to 30 30 to 50 50 to 80 80 to 120 120 to 160 > 160

K 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.3

Z(m) 0 to 10 10 to 20 20 to 30 30 to 50 50 to 80 80 to 120 120 to 160 > 160

A 1.0 1.15 1.4 1.6 1.85 2.1 2.3 2.5

K B C 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.05 1.0 1.3 1.0 1.5 1.15 1.7 1.35 1.85 1.55

Where : A Open country exposure B Suburban exposure C city center exposure q from table 1 q = 0.5 V2 Ct Cs = 0.613 V2 Ct Cs

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High Rise Building Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.4

29-DEC-2010

Where : air density = 1.25 kg/m3 V Basic wind speed from table 2 Ct topographic factor (table 3) Cs Structure factor

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High Rise Building Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.4

29-DEC-2010

Example: Estimate wind calculation on one floor at level 40m located at middle of Cairo giving the following: Total Building height = 45m Region is flat till 1 km from the building Floor area 40 m2

2003 Code
Pf = Cf K q A = 1.3 * 1.5 * 0.7 * 40 = 54.6 KN Pf

2008 Code
= Cf K q A = 1.3 * 1.0 * 0.613 * 332 * 1.0 * 1.0 * 40/1000 = 34.7 KN

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High Rise Building Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.4

29-DEC-2010

Comparison of Seismic Force Calculation

2003 Code
In design by working reduce the seismic loads by 1.28 Referring to Euro-code 2003 & ECCS 202/2001 Country had been divided into 5 seismic zones. Max acceleration = 0.25 g for Zone 5 Soil type C & spectrum type (2) Factor S = 1.15 (seems to be typing mistake as its < soil B factor) 0 < T < TB ( )= 1+ 2.5

2008 Code
In design by working reduce the seismic loads by 1.4 Referring to Euro-code 2004 & ECCS 202/2007 Country had been divided into 6 seismic zones. Max acceleration = 0.3 g for Zone 5-B Soil type C & spectrum type (2) Factor S=1.25 (seems to be right) 0 < T < TB 1 ( )=

2 + 3

2.5

2 3

Participation of live load in mass for residual building is missing

Participation of live load in mass for residual building is = 0.25

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High Rise Building Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.4

29-DEC-2010

Conclusion:
-In wind calculation there are major changes to take into consideration topographic effect, exposure effect & structure effect which was not included in 2003 version. Changes seeking to be more logic. Structure in desert not like in middle of town.

-In seismic calculation there are few changes to correct some typing mistakes in 2003 version.

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