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Project No.

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Reinforced Concrete Column Capacity - Axial Force Bending Moment Interaction (ACI318)

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Axialforcebendingmomentinteractionultimatelimitstate Columndimensions h = b = Ag=h*b= Reinforcement cover d = dc=

10 in 18 in 2 180 in

RCElementArea

covertothecenterofthebars depthofbottomreinforcement(hcover) depthoftopreinforcement(hcover)

Tensionsidereinforcement # 9 n = 3 A s = tens.reinf=
2 3.00 in

1.67 %

2 3.00 in

barsize noofbars areaofcompressionreinforcement percentageofcompressionreinforcement totalareaofreinforcement elementtotalpercentageofreinforcement

1.67 %
2 6.00 in 3.33 %

perACI318 Section10.9.1
Reinfpercentageshouldbebetween0.01Agand0.08Ag

Confinementreinforcement(tiedorspiral) tied Materials Concrete fc'= Reinforcementtype Grade fy= A615 60 60 ksi seereinforcementtypeshere reinforcementyieldstrength

ksi

concretecharacteristic cylinderstrength

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Reinforced Concrete Column Capacity - Axial Force Bending Moment

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Interaction(ACI318) Reinforcementmodulusofelasticity E s = 29000 ksi Yieldreinforcementstrain: fy/Es= 0.002 Therelationshipbetweenconcretecompressivestressandconcretestrainissatisfied byanequivalentrectangularconcretestressdistributiondefinedbya0.85*f c'uniform stressoveranequivalentcompressionzoneboundedbyedgesofthecrosssectionand astraightlinelocatedparalleltotheneutralaxisatadistancea= 1*cfromthefiberof maximumcompressivestrain. Sectionstrengthreductionfactor = 0.90 Fortensioncontrolledsections 0.70 Compressioncontrolledsectionwithspiralreinforcement 0.65 Compressioncontrolledsectionotherreinforcedmembers Maximumusablestrainatextremeconcretecompressionfiber is 0.003 perACI318 Section8.5.2

Modulusofelasticityofreinforcement

perACI31805 Sections10.2.6and10.2.7

perACI31805 Section9.3
Valuesofstrengthreductionfactor

perACI31805 Section10.2.3
Maximumusablestrainatextremeconcrete compressionfibershallbeassumedequalto0.003; Therelationbetweenconcretecompressivestressand concretestrainisassumedrectangular

Section10.2.7.1
0.85fc'valueuniformlydistributedoveranequivalent compressionzoneboundedbyedgesofthecrosssection andastraigthlinelocatedparaletotheneutralaxisata distancea=1*cfromthefiberofmax.compressionstrain

1 =

0.85

factorrelatingdepthofequivalent rectangularcompressivestressblock toneutralaxisdepth

perACI31805 Section10.2.7.3
between2500and4000psib1=0.85,above40001will bereducedlinearyatarateof0.05per1000psibutnot lowerthan0.65

a=

1*c

depthofequivalentrectangular stressblock

Section10.2.7.1 Section10.2.3
stressinreinforcementbelowfyshallbetakenasEstimes steelstrain.Forstrainsgreaterthanthatcorresponding tofy,stressinreinforcementshallbeconsidered independentofstrainandequaltofy.

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Reinforced Concrete Column Capacity - Axial Force Bending Moment

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Interaction(ACI318) Point1Purecompression = 0.65 compressioncontrolledsection Pn,max= Pn,max= 0.80 [0.85fc'(AgAst)+fyAst] 494.83 kips

Sectionstrengthreductionfactor

perACI318 eq.101and102
Maximumallowablevalueofthenominalaxialstrength ofcrosssectionmultipliedbythestrengthreductionfactor

Point2fs=0 Concretestrain: 0.003 Theneutralaxisislocatedinthecenterofthebottomreinforcement c= d= 7.56 in Topreinforcementstrain(compression): Yieldreinforcementstrain: = a= Pn= Pn= Mn= Mn= Point3fs=0.5*fy Concretestrain: Bottomreinforcementstrain(tension): c= 5.62 in Topreinforcementstrain(compression): Yieldreinforcementstrain: = a= Pn= Pn= Mn= Mn= 0.003 0.002 *(cdc)/c= 0.0020 =>

Concretehasreachedultimateconcretedesign compressiveshorteningstrainandfs=0 Neutralaxislocationinthiscaseinthecenterof thebottomreinforcement

Compressionreinforcementhasnotreachedyield
Sectionstrengthreductionfactor

(0.002*Es*

As.b)*(h/2dc)]

0.003 t=(0.5*fy)/Es= 0.0010

Concretehasreachedultimateconcretedesign compressiveshorteningstrainandfs=0.5*fy

Fromtherelation[c/(dc)]=0.003/t

0.003 0.002

*(cdc)/c=

0.0017 => Compressionreinforcementhasnotreachedyield

Sectionstrengthreductionfactor

*[(0.85*fc'*a*b)*(h/2a/2)+ 74.32 ftkips

(0.0017*Es*

As.b)*(h/2dc)+t*Es*As*(dh/2)]

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Reinforced Concrete Column Capacity - Axial Force Bending Moment

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0.003 t=fy/Es= 0.0021

perACI31805 Section10.3.2
Concretehasreachedultimateconcretedesign compressiveshorteningstrainandtensionreinforcement reachesthestraincorrespondingtofy(fs=fy)

c=

4.47 in 0.003 0.002 *(cdc)/c= 0.0014 =>

Fromtherelation[c/(dc)]=0.003/t

Topreinforcementstrain(compression): Yieldreinforcementstrain: = a= Pn= Pn= Mn= Mn=

Compressionreinforcementhasnotreachedyield
Sectionstrengthreductionfactor

*[(0.85*fc'*a*b)*(h/2a/2)+ 80.48 ftkips

(0.0014*Es*

As.b)*(h/2dc)+fy*As*(dh/2)]

Point4bfs=fyTransitionfromCompressioncontrolledsectiontoTensionControlled Concretestrain: 0.003 Bottomreinforcementstrain(tension): t=fy/Es= 0.0030

perACI31805 Section9.3.2.2
Forsectionsinwhichthenettensilestrainatnominal strengthtisbetweenthelimitsforcompression controlledanstensioncontrolledsectionsfwillbe linearlyincreasedfromthatforcompressioncontrolledto0.9

c=

3.75 in 0.003 0.002 *(cdc)/c= 0.0010 =>

Fromtherelation[c/(dc)]=0.003/t

Topreinforcementstrain(compression): Yieldreinforcementstrain: = a= Pn= Pn= Mn= Mn=

Compressionreinforcementhasnotreachedyield
Sectionstrengthreductionfactor

*[(0.85*fc'*a*b)*(h/2a/2)+ 83.05 ftkips

(0.001*Es*

As.b)*(h/2dc)+fy*As*(dh/2)]

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Project Title: Subject

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Reinforced Concrete Column Capacity - Axial Force Bending Moment

Ckd. By Checker

Interaction(ACI318) Point4cfs=fyTransitionfromCompressioncontrolledsectiontoTensionControlled Concretestrain: 0.003 Bottomreinforcementstrain(tension): t=fy/Es= 0.0040

perACI31805 Section9.3.2.2
Concretehasreachedultimateconcretedesign compressiveshorteningstrainandtensionreinforcement isintransitionfromtensioncontrolledtotensincontrolled

c=

3.23 in 0.003 0.002 *(cdc)/c= 0.0007 =>

Fromtherelation[c/(dc)]=0.003/t

Topreinforcementstrain(compression): Yieldreinforcementstrain: = a= Pn= Pn= Mn= Mn=

Compressionreinforcementhasnotreachedyield
Sectionstrengthreductionfactor

*[(0.85*fc'*a*b)*(h/2a/2)+ 83.95 ftkips

(0.0007*Es*

As.b)*(h/2dc)+fy*As*(dh/2)]

Point5t=0.005tensioncontrolledsection Concretestrain: 0.003 Bottomreinforcementstrain(tension): c= 2.84 in 0.003 0.002 *(cdc)/c= 0.0004 => t= 0.0050

Topreinforcementstrain(compression): Yieldreinforcementstrain: = a= Pn= Pn= Mn= Mn=

Compressionreinforcementhasnotreachedyield
Sectionstrengthreductionfactor

*[(0.85*fc'*a*b)*(h/2a/2)+ 83.52 ftkips

(0.0004*Es*

As.b)*(h/2dc)+fy*As*(dh/2)]

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Calculation No.

CALCULATIONNUMBER
Project No.

PROJECTNUMBER
Calc. By Author Date today Date today Rev. 0

Project Title: Subject

ProjectName
Reinforced Concrete Column Capacity - Axial Force Bending Moment

Ckd. By Checker

Interaction(ACI318) Point6PureBending Concretestrain: Bottomreinforcementstrain(tension): c= 2.67 in Topreinforcementstrain(compression): Yieldreinforcementstrain: = a= Pn= Pn= Mn= Mn=

0.003 t= 0.0055

0.003 0.002

*(cdc)/c=

0.0003 => Compressionreinforcementhasnotreachedyield

Sectionstrengthreductionfactor

*[(0.85*fc'*a*b)*(h/2a/2)+ 79.09 ftkips

(0.0003*Es*

As.b)*(h/2dc)+fy*As*(dh/2)]

Point7Maximumtension = 0.90 tensioncontrolledsection Pn= Pn= Mn= =*fy*[As.b+As]

600

Sectionstrengthreductionfactor

324.00 kips
500

0.00 ftkips
400

DatafortheMNinteractiongraph: Mcap Ncap Point1 494.83 0.00 Point2 370.52 62.58 Point3 227.60 74.32 Point4 111.42 80.48 Point4b 78.01 83.05 Point4c 42.30 83.95 Point5 3.46 83.52 Point6 16.99 79.09 Point7 324.00 0.00 Neff 300.0 250.0 311.0 Meff 60 45 30

CO1 CO2 CO3

M(kipft)

References: ACI31805Buildingcoderequirementsforstructuralconcrete