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PRESENT PERFECT TENSE SIMPLE AND CONTINUOUS The Present Perfect connects the present to the past.

Uses: a)Present Perfect Tense Simple is used to talk about a past experience which is important at the time of speaking.This could be: -a (very) recent one (Immediacy Present Perfect): A lorry has crashed on the M1. Ive just finished my book. -one that has happened at some indefinite time in the past(Indefinite Present Perfect): Ive read that book. When thinking of an indefinite time in the past, we use the Present Perfect with adverbials such as: so far, up to now, ever, yet, recently, lately, already. b)Present Perfect Tense Simple and Continuous are used to express actions which began in the past and have continued up to the present (Continuative Present Perfect). Time expressions such as for and since are used to express duration and answer the question How long? (For describes the length of a period of time and since refers to the beginning of a period of time.) The continuous form focuses on the activity in progress and the fact that it is often temporary. Compare: Im English, but Ive been living in Lisbon for the last ten years. (I still live in Lisbon, but its probably temporary.) Ive lived here since I was born. (I still live here, and Ive no intention of moving.) c)Present Perfect Tense Simple and Continuous are used to talk about present results of past activities (Resultative Present Perfect). Present Perfect Tense Simple emphasises the completed activity: Im very pleased with myself.Ive finished the report and written the letters.(It doesnt matter when). Present Perfect Tense Continuous focuses on the (usually recent) activity or situation itself which produced the result. The activity itself may or may not be finished: Your hairs soaking. Yes, Ive been swimming. (The swimming is finished.) Your eyes are red. Yes, Ive been reading all day. (We dont know if shes finished reading.) d)Present Perfect Tense Simple is also used with adverbs of frequency (always, ever, never, often, seldom, rarely) when the time is not mentioned and till now is understood (Experiential Present Perfect-something that has or has not happened once or more than once within the speakers experience): Ive always walked to work. I have never been to Paris. Present Perfect Tense Continuous is used with these adverbs to express irritation, annoyance, reproach, disapproval, admiration: He has often been reading till late at night.

Present Perfect Simple and Continuous


1. Choose the correct form verb form: present perfect simple or past simple. 1. My best friend is Sally. I knew/have known her for three years. 2. When I was a child, I lived/have lived in Sicily. 3. I didnt see/havent seen my next-door neighbour since last weekend. 4. How long did you have/have you had that watch? 5. My grandmother lives in our house. She lived/has lived with us since last year. 6. Where did you go/have you been on holiday last year? 7. My brother has three dogs. He had/has had them for seven years. 8. I was/have been in this classroom since 9 oclock this morning. 9. I started/have started playing the guitar when I was eight. 10. Im starving! I didnt eat/havent eaten anything since this morning. 2. Each of the following sentences has a mistake. Find the mistakes and correct them. 1. My best friend is John. I known him for two years. 2. Ive had this watch since three months. 3. My family has lived at the same address since five years. 4. I havent spoke to my next-door neighbours since last weekend. 5. I knew the person sitting next to me for nearly two weeks. 6. My hair has being the same length for three years. 7. I havent been on holiday since a year. 8. I had these shoes since January. 3. For each dialogue below, write the verbs in brackets in the correct tense. 1. A ..................(you/see) that new horror film? B Yes, I.............................. A When ....................(you/see) it? B I............. (see) it last weekend. 2. A.....................(your best friend/phone) you today? B No, she .......................... 3. A When ..................... (you/buy) that jacket? B I.....................(buy) it when I was on holiday last month. 4. Complete the sentences with the correct verb form (Present Perfect Simple or Past Simple) using the prompts in brackets. 1. I ............. (just/see) the most incredible film! 2. How long .............. (you/have) your new car? 3. When .............. (your sister/start) learning the guitar? 4. .................. (you/finish) you essay yet. 5. I .................. (know) my English teacher for a long time. 6. Michaela ..................... (not/phone) me since last weekend. 7. You didnt need to get any milk. John ................... (already/buy) some. 8. We first ....................... (visit) London five years ago. 9. ..................... (you/ever/meet) a famous person? 10. The train ................... (not/arrive/yet).