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Language is succinctly defined in our glossary as a "human system of communication that uses arbitrary signals, such as voice sounds,

gestures, or written symbols." But frankly, language is far too complicated, intriguing, and mysterious to be adequately explained by a brief definition. 1. The method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way. 2. Any nonverbal method of expression or communication: "a language of gesture and facial expression". Language is the human capacity for acquiring and using complex systems of communication, and a language is any specific example of such a system. The scientific study of language is called linguistics. The English word "language" derives ultimately from Indo-European *dnwhs "tongue, speech, language" through Latin lingua, "language; tongue", and Old French langage "language".[3] The word is sometimes used to refer to codes, ciphers, and other kinds of artificially such as those used for computer programming. A language in this sense is a system of signs for encoding and decoding information. This article specifically concerns the properties of natural human language as it is studied in the discipline of linguistics. **COMMUNICATION** Communication is a two-way process that results in a shared meaning or common understanding between the sender and the reciever a process by which information is exchanged between individuals through a common system of symbols, signs, or behavior <the function of pheromones in insectcommunication>; also : exchange of information (from Latin commnicre, meaning "to share"[1]) is the activity of conveying information through the exchange of thoughts, messages, or information, as by speech, visuals, signals, writing, or behavior. It is the meaningful exchange of information between two or a group of person. One definition of communication is any act by which one person gives to or receives from another person information about that person's needs, desires, perceptions, knowledge, or affective states. Communication may be intentional or unintentional, may involve conventional or unconventional signals, may take linguistic or nonlinguistic forms, and may occur through spoken or other modes.[2] Communication requires a sender, a message, and a recipient, although the receiver doesn't have to be present or aware of the sender's intent to communicate at the time of communication; thus communication can occur across vast distances in time and space. Communication requires that the communicating parties share an area of communicative commonality. The communication process is complete once the receiver has understood the message of the sender. [citation needed] A gentleman orders a coffee in a crowded cafe. The young woman in line behind him shoots a withering look at the rambunctious toddler tugging on her coat. From the radio blares an advertisement for a one-day sale at the mall. At a nearby table, a deaf couple signs to each other, while a teenager in the corner busily texts a friend on his cell phone. These situations all have one thing in common. They all involve communication. Communication is the act of conveying information for the purpose of creating a shared understanding. Its something that humans do every day. The word communication comes from the Latin communis, meaning to share, and includes verbal, non-verbal and electronic means of human interaction. Scholars who study communication analyze the development of communication in humans and theorize about how communication can be made more effective. **EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION** Effective communication is a two-way process that includes sending the right message that is also being correctly received and understood by the other person/s who is receiving it on the other end. Communication starts w/ a sender, a receiver, and a message. When the sender is able to convey the message clearly so the receiver understands it that is effective communication. Speaking, including body language, is only half of effective communication; listening is the other half. Communicating effectively requires you to excel at both. Therefore, it is important you speak clearly and choose words that inspire and motivate; and listen w/ an open mind to fully understand the other persons perspective and feelings. Effective conversation (communication) is a conversation in which no one gets confused by the other person's MEANING. When people (both the speaker or the listener) don't use proper communication skills, the other person can be unsure of the speaker's meaning. There can be many reasons for not understanding their meaning. People sometimes change the topic in the conversation, without letting the other person know that the topic has changed. Sometimes this happens because we lack skill, but sometimes it happens because we expect people to hear what we are thinking. People can't do that! They can only pay attention to what we are saying. -defined as making sure that both speakers understand the meaning of the other. It requires speaking in whole sentences and reflecting back some of the words spoken to you. It may also require asking 'clarifying questions'.

-can also mean a conversation in which something is achieved. It can be a conversation in which two people both enjoy the conversation and learn something. Nothing is more boring than discussing a topic with someone who doesn't talk. The situation is worse, when a foreigner finds that students want the foreigner to talk, but they themselves won't talk. It becomes a one sided conversation. **ELEMENTS OF COMMUNICATION PROCESS** Effective communication plays a vital role in the success of every professional and personal relationship. Becoming a skilled communicator requires you to learn the roles of every element of communication. You can use these elements in many ways, including public speaking, interpersonal relationships, media development and business relations. The basic communication model consists of five elements of communication: the sender, the receiver, the message, the channel and feedback. The sender plays the specific role of initiating communication. To communicate effectively, the sender must use effective verbal as well as nonverbal techniques. Speaking or writing clearly, organizing your points to make them easy to follow and understand, maintaining eye contact, using proper grammar and giving accurate information are all essential in the effectiveness of your message. You will lose your audience if it becomes aware of obvious oversights on your part. The sender should have some understanding of who the receiver is in order to modify the message to make it more relevant. In the basic communication model, the sender is Point A in the diagram. The receiver means the party to whom the sender transmits the message. A receiver can be one person or an entire audience of people. In the basic communication model, the receiver, labeled Point B, is directly across from the speaker. The receiver can also communicate verbally and nonverbally. The best way to receive a message is to listen carefully, sitting up straight and making eye contact. Don't get distracted or try to do something else while you're listening. Nodding and smiling as you listen to the sender speak demonstrate that you understand the message. The message may be the most crucial element of effective communication. A message can come in many different forms, such as an oral presentation, a written document, an advertisement or just a comment. In the basic communication model, the arrow from Point A to Point B represents the sender's message traveling to the receiver. The message isn't necessarily what the sender intends it to be. Rather, the message is what the receiver perceives the message to be. As a result, the sender must not only compose the message carefully, but also evaluate the ways in which the message can be interpreted. The message travels from one point to another via a channel of communication. In the diagram, the channel sits between the sender and receiver, Points A and B. Many channels, or types, of communication exist, from the spoken word to radio, television, an Internet site or something written, like a book, letter or magazine. Every channel of communication has its advantages and disadvantages. For example, one disadvantage of the written word, on a computer screen or in a book, is that the receiver cannot evaluate the tone of the message. For this reason, effective communicators word written communications clearly so they don't rely on a specific tone of voice to convey the message accurately. The advantages of television as a channel for communication include its expansive reach to a wide audience and the sender's ability to further manipulate the message using editing and special effects. The last element of effective communication, feedback, describes the receiver's response or reaction to the sender's message. The receiver can transmit feedback through asking questions, making comments or just supporting the message that was delivered. Feedback helps the sender to determine how the receiver interpreted the message and how it can be improved. In the basic communication model, the receiver transmits feedback from Point B back to the sender at Point A. As a result the model has a cyclical appearance, as the original receiver becomes the sender and vice versa.