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Huawei Technologies

IP broadband access
network construction
DSLAM & MSAN By Cheng Rong
This story investigates new characteristics recently revealed by the broadband market,
and details the developing trend of the broadband access network construction in
the new scenario.

Characteristics of the broadband market ATM, FR, DDN, X.25, broadband network and narrowband
telephone network simultaneously. The maintenance of these
The current broadband market is very different from that of the networks costs an operator a large amount of manpower and
previous years in the following respects: materials and keeps the OPEX value high. This maintenance is
especially obvious for an operator in a developed country, where
Large quantity of high bandwidth value-added the labor costs high. So, to integrate multi-networks into one is the
services have been developed, in particular the inevitable choice for a fixed network operator.
Triple Play service based on IPTV, VoIP and data services
Development trends of the broadband
The ARPU of the narrowband voice services, which currently access network
remains the main revenue-generating service of the traditional fixed
network operators, is decreasing year by year. This decrease is
The construction of the broadband access network reveals the
attributed to the impact of VoIP or from the mobile operators.
following trends corresponding to various demands in the broadband
Therefore, the broadband service revenue is only generated from
market:
Internet services. Also, the current broadband subscribers have more
demand for multimedia services such as audio and voice services Complete IP based access network
rather than purely essential Internet access services.
A complete IP based access network, which consists of three parts,
Broadband operators are sparing no effort to develop the Triple
is a preferred solution to integrate multi-networks into one. The
Play services based on IPTV, VoIP and data services, to improve the
three parts of an IP based access network are as follows:
ARPU value and enhance the subscribers broadband experience.
• IP based structure: the devices (including the DSLAM/MSAN,
Competitive operators are deploying the Triple Play services to attract
Ethernet switch and optical transmission) related to the access
more broadband subscribers.
network are all interconnected through the Ethernet interface.
All these value-added services have specific requirements on
• IP based services: services as audio services, voice services and
bandwidth and QoS.
data services (including ATM, X.25, TDM, FR and VPN) are all
Exit of aging narrowband telephone networks from over IP messages and are transmitted in a unified manner.
some operators • IP based protocols: all devices of the access network are inter-
worked based on the Ethernet and IP protocols.
The operators’ narrowband telephone network equipment in
some developed countries are aging and demand large-scale network Construction of the new technologies: ADSL2+,
reconstruction. Broad-band-based voice services are inevitable. VDSL2, WiMAX and EPON/GPON
Narrowband telephone subscribers will progressively migrate into
the NGN based on Softswitch and IMS. ADSL2+ offers wider bandwidth and higher performance for copper
access, and ADSL2/2+ has been greatly improved in bandwidth and
To reduce OPEX, operators hope to integrate transmission distance compared with ADSL. ADSL2+ is mainly
multi-networks into one, to realize the IP based ATM, used in the following situations:
FR, TDM and X.25 • Solving the problem of number allocation for a long distance line;
• Providing the symmetrical bandwidth private line(512kbit/s) for
Most fixed network operators operate many networks such as small and medium commercial customers;

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Solution
IP broadband access, DSLAM & MSAN

• Application of short distance and high downlink bandwidth Meeting the requirements for migrating from
(ADSL2+ terminal: within 2 km, 15Mbit/s). narrowband telephone and integrating multi-
Compared with ADSL2+, VDSL2 can provide bi-directional and
networks into one through MSAN equipment
symmetrical bandwidth over 50Mbit/s for short distance to satisfy
the demands of commercial customers on higher bandwidth.
MSAN is the best choice for migrating from narrowband
For the traditional fixed network operators, the WiMAX is the
telephones and for integrating multi-networks into one. The
supplement to the copper access and can provide broadband access
integrated access device of the new generation is based on the pure
for enterprises and families in remote areas. For the competitive
IP core and offers advantages such as bandwidth extension, support
operators, the WiMAX can help them realize rapid deployment and
for new service and function upgrading. It provides some built-in
develop both enterprise and family subscribers. In addition, those
functions such as the physical layer adapter, ONU, DSLAM and
operating the WiFi hotspot services can use WiMAX as the back-
AG.
transfer of WiFi to expand the coverage of WiFi.
It also can offer different physical interfaces, bandwidth, QoS
The FTTH is based on the EPON/GPON technology and will
lead the development of the broadband access network. Because capability and various broadband access modes such as POTS,
the FTTH is not yet mature, it is better to be applied to commercial ADSL, ADSL2/2+,SHDSL, VDSL/VDSL2, LAN,E1, IMA E1,
pilots in small scale (for example, the deployment of the FTTH in GPON/EPON and WiMAX. The uplink is connected to service
some new green fields). networks such as the traditional telecom network, Internet and NGN
through standard interfaces. The maturity of the integrated
broadband access platform facilitates the implementation of multi-
service access and integrated service mode and makes the complete
service possible. The integrated access platform will become the
important part of the broadband access network.

Application of MPLS and PWE3 technologies


Introduction of the MPLS technology to access network can solve
the problem of the insufficient VLAN resources (the MPLS label is
used to identify subscribers and services). The application of the
MPLS OAM technology enables the end-to-end fault protection to
meet the high reliability requirements of carrier-class services.
PWE3 is one of the key technologies used to integrate multi-
networks into one. The PWE3 technology can emulate the virtual
line on the MPLS edge equipment, put the TDM/ATM ser-
vices into the MPLS tunnel and transmit them over the MPLS
network.

Simplifying the network structure


The reduction in the network layers of an access network can
decrease the difficulty in bandwidth control and QoS deployment,
Selecting the access devices to support Triple Play and reduce the OPEX value for an operator.
service
Access devices nearer to subscribers
Triple Play service imposes high requirements on bandwidth and
QoS. When the broadband access network is deployed therefore, In a situation that requires high speed access, ASDL2/2+ and VDSL/
the access devices to be chosen should support the Triple Play service VDSL2 technologies can reach higher bandwidth over a shorter
in the following respects: distance. Therefore the distance between access devices and
• Ensure the public Internet service, VoIP services, audio services subscribers should be further shortened to realize the high bandwidth
and VPN services performs well in aspects such as backplane access.
capacity, slot bandwidth, switch capability, service engine,
forwarding performance and network interface. Conclusion
• Support multi-PVC or multi-VLAN at a user port to bear different
services. Broadband access network construction must satisfy the
• Support classification of priorities for different service types and developing requirements of the broadband market. Broadband access
forwarding at the uplink interface based on priority. network construction should not comply with the old thoughts or
• Support the function of IGMP snooping or proxy, and rightly views and should develop in the direction of IP access trends, access
control the multicast service. mode diversification and access device simplification.

51 DEC 2005 ˙ ISSUE 20