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Radio spectrum refers to the part of the electromagnetic spectrumcorresponding to radio frequencies that is, frequencies lower than

n around 300 GHz (or, equivalently, wavelengths longer than about 1 mm).
[edit]Bands Frequency and wavelength in air

Band name

Abbr ITU band

Example uses

subHertz

subHz

< 3 Hz > 100,000 km

Natural and man-made electromagnetic waves (millihertz, microhertz,nanohertz) from earth, ionosphere, sun, planets, etc[citation needed]

Extremely low frequency

ELF

330 Hz 100,000 km 10,000 km

Communication with submarines

Super low frequency

SLF

30300 Hz 10,000 km 1000 km

Communication with submarines

Ultra low frequency ULF

3003000 Hz 1000 km 100 km

Communication within mines

Very low frequency VLF

330 kHz 100 km 10 km

Submarine communication, avalanche beacons, wireless heart rate monitors, geophysics

Low frequency

LF

30300 kHz 10 km 1 km

Navigation, time signals, AM longwave broadcasting, RFID

Medium frequency

MF

3003000 kHz 1 km 100 m

AM (medium-wave) broadcasts

High frequency

HF

330 MHz 100 m 10 m

Shortwave broadcasts, amateur radio and over-the-horizon aviation communications, RFID

Very high frequency

VHF

30300 MHz 10 m 1 m

FM, television broadcasts and line-of-sight ground-to-aircraft and aircraft-to-aircraft communications. Land Mobile and Maritime Mobile communications

Ultra high frequency

UHF

3003000 MHz 1 m 100 mm

Television broadcasts, microwave ovens, mobile phones, wireless LAN,Bluetooth, GPS and two-way radios such as Land Mobile, FRS and GMRS radios

Super high frequency

SHF

10

330 GHz 100 mm 10 mm

Microwave devices, wireless LAN, most modern radars

Extremely high frequency

EHF

11

30300 GHz 10 mm 1 mm

Radio astronomy, high-frequency microwave radio relay

Terahertz

THz

12

Terahertz imaging a potential replacement for X-rays in some 3003,000 GHz medical applications, ultrafast molecular dynamics, condensed-matter 1 mm 100 m physics, terahertz time-domain spectroscopy, terahertz computing/communications

[edit]Named

frequency bands

Broadcast frequencies:

Longwave AM Radio = 148.5 283.5 kHz (LF) Mediumwave AM Radio = 530 kHz 1710 kHz (MF) Shortwave AM Radio = 3 MHz 30 MHz (HF)

Designations for television and FM radio broadcast frequencies vary between countries, see Television channel frequenciesand FM broadcast band
[edit]Amateur

radio frequencies

The range of allowed amateur radio frequencies varies between countries. The article Amateur radio frequency allocationslists frequencies allocated for amateur radio use.
Table of ITU Radio Bands

Band Symbols Frequency Range Number

Wavelength Range

Typical sources

ELF

3 to 30 Hz

10,000 to 100,000 km

deeply-submerged submarine communication

SLF

30 to 300 Hz

1000 to 10,000 km

submarine communication, ac power grids

ULF

300 to 3 kHz

100 to 1000 km

earth quakes, earth mode communication

VLF

3 to 30 kHz

10 to 100 km

near-surface submarine communication,

LF

30 to 300 kHz

1 to 10 km

AM broadcasting, aircraft beacons

MF

300 to 3000 kHz

100 to 1000 m

AM broadcasting,

HF

3 to 30 MHz

10 to 100 m

Skywave long range radio communication

VHF

30 to 300 MHz

1 to 10 m

FM radio broadcast, television broadcast, DVB-T, MRI

UHF

300 to 3000 MHz

10 to 100 cm

microwave oven, television broadcast, GPS, mobile phone communication (GSM, UMTS, 3G, HSDPA), cordless phones (DECT), WLAN (Wi-Fi),Bluetooth

10

SHF

3 to 30 GHz

1 to 10 cm

DBS satellite television broadcasting, WLAN (WiFi), WiMAX, radars

11

EHF

30 to 300 GHz

1 to 10 mm

directed-energy weapon (Active Denial System), Security screening (Millimeter wave scanner), intersatellite links, WiMAX, high resolution radar