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Syllabus EEC 501 INTEGRATED CIRCUITS UNIT-1 IC Design Philosophy: IC Biasing-Current Sources, Current Mirrors and Current Steering

Circuits: The basic MOSFET current source, MOS current steering circuits, BJT circuits. The Cascode Amplifier: The MOS cascode, frequency response of the MOS cascode, The BJT cascode, a cascode current source, double cascading, the folded cascode, Bi-CMOS cascodes. Current Mirror Circuits with Improved Performance: Cascode MOS mirrors, a bipolar mirror with base current compensation, the Wilson current mirrors, the Wilson MOS mirrors, the Widlar current source. The 741 Op-Amp Circuit: Bias circuit, short circuit protection circuitry, the input stage, the second stage, the output stage, the device parameters. DC Analysis of the 741: Reference bias current, input stage bias, input bias and offset currents, input offset voltage, input common mode range, second stage bias, output stage bias. Small Signal Analysis of the 741: The input stage, the second stage, the output stage. Gain, Frequency Response and Slew Rate of the 741: Small Signal Gain, Frequency Response, A Simplified Model, Slew Rate, Relationship Between ft and SR Unit-2 Data Converters-An Introduction: Digital Processing of Signals, Sampling of Analog Signals, Signal Quantization, The A/D and D/A Converters as Functional Blocks. D/A Converter Circuits: basic Circuit Using Binary Weighted Resistors, R-2R Ladders, A Practical Circuit Implementation, Current Switches. A/D Converter Circuits: the Feedback Type Converter, The Dual Slope A/D Converter, The Parallel or Flash Converter, The Charge-Redistribution Converter. Unit-3 III Digital Circuit Design-An Overview: Digital IC Technologies and Logic Circuit Families, Logic Circuit Characterisation, Styles for Digital System Design, Design Abstraction and Computer Aids. Designs and Performance Analysis of the CMOS Inverter: Circuit Structure, Static Operation, Dynamic Operation, Dynamic Power Dissipation. CMOS Logic Gate Circuits: Basic Structure, The Two Input NOR Gate, The Two Input NAND Gate, A Complex Gate, Obtaining the PUN from the PDN and Vice Versa, the Exclusive OR Function, Summary of the Synthesis Method, Transistor Sizing, Effects of Fan-in and Fan-out of Propagation Delay.

Unit-4 Latches and Flip flops: The Latch, The SR Flip-flap, CMOS Implementation of SR Flip-flops, A Simpler CMOS Implementation of the Clocked SR Flipflop, D Flip-flop Circuits. Multi-vibrator Circuits: A CMOS Monostable Circuit, An Astable Circuit, The Ring Oscillator. Semiconductor Memories-Types and Architecture: Memory-Chip Organization, Memory Chip Tuning. Random Access Memory (RAM) Cells: Static Memory Cell, Dynamic Memory Cell Unit-5 Tuned Amplifiers: The basic principle, inductor losses, use of transformers, amplifiers with multiple tuned circuits, the cascode and the CC-CB cascade, synchronous tuning, stagger tuning. Bistable multivibrators: The feedback loop, transfer characteristics of the bistable circuit, triggering the bistable circuit, bistable circuit as a memory element, a bistable circuit with non-inverting transfer characteristics, application of the bistable as a comparator, making the output level more precise. Generation of Square and Triangular Waveforms Using Astable Multivibrator: Operation of Astable Multivibrator, Generation of Triangular Waveforms. Generation of a Standardized Pulse - The Monostable Multivibrator Integrated Circuit Timer: The 555 Circuit, Implementing a Monostable Multivibrator Using the 555 IC, An Astable Multivibrator Using the 555 IC

Text Book: 1-Sedra & Smith, Microelectronic Circuits, 5th Edition, Oxford University Press. Reference Books: 1-Donald A. Neamen, Electronics Circuits analysis and design, 3rd Edition, TMH, 2007. 2-Jacob Milliman and Arvin Grabel, Microelectronics, 2nd Edition, TMH, 2008.