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The student voice of the Colorado School of Mines

Volume 94, Issue 6

October 7, 2013


News 3 Ionic liquids capture carbon dioxide.

Ionic liquids capture carbon dioxide.

Features 6

Features 6 Learn to make peanut chicken.

Learn to make peanut chicken.



Sports 9 Volleyball goes undefeated in three matches.

Volleyball goes undefeated in three matches.

Opinion 11

Opinion 11 Minds at Mines asks about elements.

Minds at Mines asks about elements.



Schrodinger takes exam, passes and fails.


exam, passes and fails. COURTESY CSM ATHLETIC DEPARTMENT Women’s soccer continues to dominate conference

Women’s soccer continues to dominate conference competitors in a match against CCU. Read more on page 10.

Advances in petroleum modeling

John Bristow

Staff Writer

pressure to give a general and accurate insight into the system. Kacewicz did his best to display

a current system while running

through the multitude of factors that needed to be considered,

highlighting each for the audience. The fundamental principle of petroleum systems modeling is the interdisciplinary connections that are needed to make a model work. Kacewicz was sure

to highlight what disciplines were needed to advance a stage of the mod- eling throughout the presentation. “Most [model- ers] come from one

discipline and learn some others,” stat- ed Kacewicz, and there was no

doubt that communication was key to good work. The laundry list of backgrounds listed off echoed

of a department list for the school,

among the more necessary were seismic analysis, sedimentology, geochemistry, rock mechanics, and petrophysics. As the disci- plines have worked together to further modeling, positive benefits have developed. Kacewicz proved

this by saying, “From ten years ago

to today, there has been a change

in definition of what we can get.” Another driving force behind the development of petroleum systems modeling is a progressive increase in computing, from old school machines to the high performance computing and cloud functions of

Dr. Marek Kacewicz of the Chevron Energy Technology Com- pany spoke about the development of petroleum systems modeling, from some of the early stages, to the present day, while addressing some of his personal goals and

wishes for the future. As he put it, petroleum systems

modeling is “an in- tegration of geo- logical disciplines to basically evalu- ate sedimentary basins.” A majority of the work done by Kacewicz focuses

over a broad slate of time scales and regional scenarios. Kacewicz was introduced to the crowd as a long- vetted member of the modeling community, and while he did not start out as a geologist, his back- ground in mathematics helped him focus in on the technical issues facing the development of model- ing systems. While unconventional systems would be discussed in the question and answer portion of the lecture, the primary target of the presen- tation focused on the sediment compaction and the evolution of porosity and permeability through time in typical sedimentary basins. Those traits are then analyzed alongside factors such as the maturation of the source rocks, hydrocarbon volumes, and pore



principle of petroleum






today. Kacewicz started by blissful- ly recalling some of the lost benefits

of old technology. When displaying

a slide of an old Cray machine,

Kacewicz jocundly revealed, “They were better than laptops because you [could] sit on them in order to think things through.” The separation of man from machine and even machine from office building would be the even- tual direction of the history of the modeling machines. Kacewicz then focused on the necessary steps, or layers according to his diagram, that one had to progress through to come to a solution. They are, as Kacewicz put bluntly, “what you have to go through to do petroleum systems modeling.” The progression of the steps was linear, working through data integration, seismic inversion and

interpretation, process description, mesh interpretation and numeri- cal solvers, and finally calibration,

uncertainty and risk. These steps are bolstered by high performance computing and security, the latter of which was revealed to be crucial as the art of petroleum systems modeling is put into the realm of cloud computing. Kacewicz went through each facet

of the process and discussed the

current state of the step, as well as where it is going and how close it is

to being there. For data integration

it was simple, what was needed is

“flawless communication between tools and between disciplines.” Kacewicz was hopeful for the future, but with some disdain he

revealed that they were still not at that point.

For data interpretation and seis-

mic inversions, Kacewicz revealed one of the most remarkable bits of technology that was used. “We decided that there are some sys- tems that are so complicated that we want to see them in three di- mensions,” announced Kacewicz. What came from that was revealed to be a room where modelers could inspect three dimensional grids and move them around in real space with the use of special goggles and gloves. Towards the future, interpretation still has lack- ing elements. Kacewicz highlighted the need for better understanding of both salt and sediment evolution as well as the properties of the source rocks. In terms of his process for in- terpretation, Kacewicz was frank, saying, “If I don’t get back what is in the well, I go back to the model and I change the transforms.” This has proven to be especially important in terms of faults; if there is an interpreted fault but the data doesn’t match what is modeled, there is something wrong with the fault interpretation. Process description on the other hand

was described as a much simpler step. It entails being able to have data resolution at all useful levels

in such a way that connections can be made between the involved disciplines.

Continued at Petroleum on page 3.


page 2


october 7, 2013

page 2 news october 7, 2013 Arnaud Filliat , Copy Editor London, England - A new

Arnaud Filliat, Copy Editor

London, England - A new study shows that mental health issues among 509 British youth
London, England - A new study shows that mental health issues among 509
British youth were reduced to 33% following two 90-minute group therapy sessions.
Nineteen schools in London participated in the study which also included a control
group in which students did not receive any intervention.
Princeton University and Univer-
sity of Michigan- A new method de-
veloped by researchers called “in silico
nano-dissection” uses computers to
separate and identify genes from spe-
cific cell types. The team used this new
method to identify genes expressed
in cells called podocytes that often
malfunction in kidney disease. They
showed that certain patterns of activ-
ity of these genes correlated with the
severity of the kidney disease.
East China Normal University -
Shanghai, China - According to a new
study published in Brain, the left and
right hemispheres of Albert Einstein’s
brain were unusually well connected to
each other and may have contributed
to his brilliance. The study was the first
to detail Einstein’s corpus callosum, the
brain’s largest bundle of fibers that con-
nects the two hemispheres.
University of Electro-Com-
munications - Chofu, Japan -
Astronomers recently discovered
a large hot cocoon around a small
baby star. The observed hot cloud
around the start is about ten times
larger than those found around
typical baby stars. These hot mo-
lecular clouds are often called “hot
cores” and have temperatures of
-160 degrees Celsius, which is
approximately 100 degrees hotter
than normal molecular clouds.

Oredigger Staff


Local News


Deborah Good

Headlines from around the world



Navy defeated Air Force 28- 10 on Saturday. Keenan Reyn- olds ran for 126 yards and had

Emily McNair


James Davis, Staff Writer


Managing Editor

3 touchdowns. Originally, the game was cancelled due to the U.S. government shutdown, but the Department of Defense al-

Taylor Polodna

The United States govern- ment has officially shut down. The recent failure to pass a na- tional budget has forced a closure of many government services in- cluding national parks and monu- ments. Federal loan, passport, and permit services are frozen until further notice. Many government workers and military service men and women will retain their sala- ries, but approximately 800,000 nonessential workers were let go. Japan’s nuclear power plant, Fukushima Daiichi, has leaked radioactive waste water into the ocean due to employee er-

then shot dead just outside the Hart Senate office building. A se- cret service member and a capitol police veteran were injured. The child was reportedly unharmed. Indonesia’s Chief Justice, Akil Mochtar, was arrested for brib- ery charges. Indonesia’s most re- cent graft charge is thought to be connected to questionable results in a district election. Mochtar is the third government official to be taken in this year. Investigations continue to look into five additional subjects linked to the crime. Sasquatch researchers claim to have new evidence prov-

ed over 100 pieces of evidence in the past five years. Ketchum and her group have analyzed over 113 DNA samples, all pointing to the existence of a unique North Amer- ican biped. The Palestinian Fatwa Coun- cil legalized online dating. Be- ing an unexplored concept, Pal- estinian authorities emphasize that the use of online dating is for marriage purposes only. No pic- tures or personal details of women can be shared, and women can- not create an account without ex- plicit permission from their family. Despite this new freedom, many

Design Editor

Connor McDonald

lowed the game to continue on schedule since it was funded by non-appropriated money. The game drew a record crowd of 38,225 to Navy-Marine Corps Memorial Stadium. Denver police charged 66-year-old Wayne Sperling and 35-year-old Lorinda Bailey with multiple counts of felony child abuse. The couple took


Lucy Orsi

Business Manager

Arnaud Filliat

Copy Editor

Katerina Gonzales

Content Manager

Jared Riemer

Content Manager


2-year-old to the emergency

room with a cut on the head. The child smelled of cigarette smoke and was nonverbal, which prompted doctors to call police. When police went to the house, they found three other children who were developmen- tally delayed, malnourished, and nonverbal. Colorado Springs police say an accidental gunshot injured two people. Joseph Gunder- son accidentally shot himself in the hand with a 9mm handgun.

The bullet then hit his roommate

the arm and side. The inju-


ries were non-life threatening. Gunderson faces charges of prohibited use of a weapon. Commerce City Police Officer Robert Price was acquitted of a felony charge of animal cruelty. In December 2012, the officer responded to a call about a loose dog. After police shocked the dog with a taser multiple times, they shot it. The case got national attention when a neigh- bor’s video of the shooting was released.

Karen Gilbert

Faculty Advisor

ror. In response to the most recent typhoon, workers attempted to redirect the rainwater into one of

ing the existence of Bigfoot. Dr. Melba Ketchum, leader of the Sasquatch Genome Project, re- ported that her group has collect-

predict that few will use the inter- net as a place to connect for mar- riage, with many families sticking with traditional customs.


the cooling tanks. Miscalculation of the tank’s remaining volume caused an overflow, leaking ap-


proximately 300 tons of radioac- tive waste water into the ocean. Irish Health Minister Dr. Reilly has declared that Ireland plans

to be tobacco-free by 2025. Ire-

land will enact a series of restric- tions over the next twelve years to limit the purchasing of tobac- co products. Approximately

22% of people over the age of 15 in Ireland smoke regu- larly; officials hope to reduce this number to 5% by the year 2025. Washington law en- forcement shot and killed a woman after her attempt- ed break-in at the White House. The woman had a one year old passenger as she drove over short barri- ers on a road towards the White House. The driver was



october 7, 2013


page 3

Petroleum system models

Continued from page 1

John Bristow

Staff Writer

Although it is a much more technical step, Kacewicz devoted

a large amount of time to work-

ing through dynamic meshing. The key for the meshing process is to determine if hydrocarbons can find their way to a location in the sub- surface. Since part of the model- ing involves the release of hydro- carbons from their sources, the pathways that become apparent through the meshing are essential for model based exploration. Just as it has been a key word for Van Tuyl lectures in the past,

complexity reared its face in mesh- ing. “If you miss the complexity

of the system, it is not good,” ex-

plained Kacewicz. In opposition to the complex- ity, it is also necessary to have fast solutions to evaluate a model as it evolves. Kacewicz finished up with the meshing portion by explaining the necessity for powerful process- ing in meshing. Where a slow sys- tem is easy to model through the meshing, fast systems are labori- ous and need top of the line ma- chines. The last major step of petro- leum systems design involved a tough question and a more difficult answer. Kacewicz asked, “How do we handle uncertainties?” For the modeling procedure, uncertainties are dealt with by creating maps that indicate the probability that hydrocarbons exist in a given loca-

tion. The lecture continued with a bit of humor, as he put up a slide of some extremely complex math- ematics. “I would like you to mem- orize this one,” grinned Kacewicz,

“It is not very easy.” As he had alluded earlier in the lecture, the end was devoted to discussing high powered comput-

ing and security. While most of the people in the lecture were geosci- entists, there was

a sense of amaze-

ment as Kacewicz walked through the design of several of his computing sys- tems. Part of his work is devoted to optimizing the software to best utilize the machin-

ery. Hearkening back to the equations from earlier, Kacewicz described the process

of designing arrays that could pull

in the variables and equations and

output them in a timely matter. That

lead directly into the discussion on cloud computing as a power-

ful force in the future. Kacewicz’s hope was that in the future both large and small petroleum shops will be able to use the same mate- rial to both side’s advantage. “It is not just a question of storing data, but a question of computing on other’s systems,” Kacewicz said with pride, “Instead of developing things ourselves, we can connect

it with others.” Since cloud com-

puting was mentioned as being important to the future, there was

also discussion on security. At the beginning of the year Kacewicz had some concern from some of his colleagues over who may be looking at data online. “Who knows who is looking at these things,” Kacewicz reminisced, “Oh wait, here is the NSA.” Before questions, the future of petroleum systems modeling was brought up one last time. Kacewicz wants to see more

progression in ad- vanced seismic in- version to the point where it could be done real time, so that drilling results could be seen to build immediate subsurface mod- els.

The focus of the question and answer portion was devoted to linking modern petro-

leum systems modeling to other

disciplines and tasks. The ability for the models to be done on geother- mal systems was one of the major points brought up, a concern that Kacewicz dealt with by explaining how they were very much related. The question of the most key un- certainty was also brought up and revealed to be calculating subsur- face velocities. Kacewicz displayed some concern over the variables but also stated with confidence his ability to know what was going on, “I have a statistically meaningful

sample of projects I have been part

of, maybe one thousand or three.”

“I have a statistically meaningful sample of projects I have been part of, maybe one


or two



or two

Ionic liquids more efficient

Zach Snyder

Staff Writer

The world needs clean energy. At some point in the future, car- bon dioxide emissions may rise to dangerous levels, and scien- tists and engineers are working vigorously to find a practical solu- tion to that issue. Edward Maginn from the University of Notre Dame currently runs a project investigat- ing the properties of the relatively new substance “ionic liquids” and how developing new materials for energy and environmental prob- lems can be done through mo- lecular simulation. The ultimate goal is to develop

a substance that can be used throughout the energy sector to foster greater efficiency. The main reason renewable energy sources such as wind or solar power can- not be used for transportation is the lack of good storage technol- ogy. With more advanced battery carrying capacities it may be fea- sible to harness naturally occur- ring energy for upscale use, but only with the help of new materi- als such as ionic liquids. Whether that may be improv- ing old cooling and ventilation technology, which subsequently accounts for over 20-25% of all total energy consumption, or capturing CO 2 gas emissions and adding energy to reverse the combustion chemical reaction, the possibilities for ionic liquids knows no bounds. An ionic liquid is basically a salt in liquid form, with a maxi- mum melting point of 100 de-

grees Celsius. Maginn’s goals are for projects primarily focused on

generating a fully predictive mod- el for the properties of a certain material. While based in chemical science, Maginn stated his plan was not to focus on basic state equations or rudimentary infor- matics such as quantitative struc- ture-property relationship analy- sis (QSPR ). Instead, the plan of attack is to come up with an ideal ionic liquid and examine differ- ent chemical properties through the use of molecular simulations and the power


p r o c e s s i n g .


pect of Maginn’s



quantum chemi-

cal calculations





these numerical analyses can be applied to fully understand ionic liquids. There are several key advan- tages that ionic liquids possess over other substances. First, ionic liquids are nonvolatile and are therefore very safe to use in an industrial settings. Second, ionic liquids conduct electricity very well. The possibilities for the chemical structure of ionic liq- uids range over a million different combinations and permutations to create a single ionic liquid. One of the newest ionic liquids is 1-ethyl 3-methylimidazolium di-

cyanamide, which has a melting point of -21 degrees Celsius.

This compound was created through delocalizing the electric charge and adding asymmetry to the bond structure to complicate how the molecules pack together. Maginn noted that, “the compu- tations told us how to find the solutions.” When Maginn and his team of professors and gradu- ate students developed these ionic liquids, they sent out mul- tiple samples to labs all around the globe to test the exact same p r o p e r t i e s


testing. Mag- inn said, “The data mostly lines up,” and Maginn was able to verify


sions about the properties of a certain


tion. One of the most useful applications of ionic liquids is using them as a solvent to absorb CO 2 in a post- combustion reaction. The chemi- cal reaction can be reversed and the gases can be rendered inert by adding energy to the ionic solution. Maginn explained, “All thermodynamics requires is a sig- nificant amount of energy.” How- ever, through the development of new ionic liquids, the parasitic energy consumption of scrubbing CO 2 emissions can be reduced, making the process more eco- nomically viable.

The possibilities for the

chemical structure of ionic liquids range over a million different combinations and permu- tations to create a single ionic liquid.














Rocket science an awesome field

Jordan Francis

Staff Writer

After many years of long and difficult study, engineers can take comfort in the fact that they can be rewarded with a cool job, such as one in the field of rocket science. Companies like ATK allow engineers and others to combine their knowl- edge of math and science to the practical use of launching rockets and other crafts into atmosphere and outer space. As Dr. Janica Cheney, the Safety and Mission As- sistance Director of ATK’s Defense and Commercial division explained, rocket science largely involves a combination of the principles of Physics and Chemistry combined

with a fair bit of practical testing. As Dr. Cheney put it, working with and designing spacecraft re- quires a basic knowledge of New- ton’s Laws (particularly the first law), energetic material, basic Chemistry, and energy diagrams in relation to energetic material. Newton’s third law, for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction, is the principle that allows the solid rocket motor basis to work. Newton’s first law allows the rocket to overcome gravity and air resistance and the second law allows rocket scientists

to calculate the necessary forces re-

quired for the rocket to perform as intended. Rocket scientists also need to understand energetic material

which has a “high amount of inter- nally stored chemical energy that

can be released on demand without atmospheric oxygen.” Dr. Cheney

also pointed out, if engineers can figure out how to get an “oxygen- hydrogen reaction out of the vehicle in a fast and efficient way to over- come…inertia…that would be a game-changer for space.” The general considerations for energetic material include a need for high density, which can be achieved through high symmetry and increased cyclization, high heat of formation, an oxygen balance to carbon dioxide and water, and a low average molecular weight of the gas products. In terms of basic chemis- try, rocket scientists need to know the energy required to break metal- metal bonds, passive oxidation of expelled material, and how to make

a very energetic reaction. They also

need to understand how energy di- agrams relate to energetic material so they can calculate and anticipate activation energy and hazard sensi- tivity as well as potential energy and energetic material performance. Rocket fuel reactions usually require a large change in enthalpy, which can be achieved with materi- als that have a high atomic weight and bonds between electronegative chemicals. Dr. Cheney ended the presentation with some examples

and explanations of the techno- logically impressive spacecraft that rocket scientists get to be partially responsible for creating and a re- minder that sitting through years of study and hard work is most defi- nitely worth the reward.

study and hard work is most defi - nitely worth the reward. Continued from page 2

Continued from page 2

Arnaud Filliat

Copy Editor

Princeton University and University of Michigan - Princ- eton, New Jersey and Ann Ar- bor, Michigan

They also demonstrated that their computer-based approach

was more accurate than existing methods at identifying cell lineage specific genes.Using the method on kidney biopsy samples the researchers identified 136 genes and showed that two of these genes are able to cause kid- ney disease. The computational method can be used for cells oth- er than those found in the kidney suggesting that the method could be useful for identifying genes for

a range of diseases.

East China Normal Univer- sity - Shanghai

The researchers’ technique measures and color-codes the varying thicknesses of subdivi- sions. These thicknesses indicate how many nerves cross and how connected the two hemispheres of the brain are. The team’s find- ings indicate that Einstein had more extensive connections be- tween parts of his cerebral hemi- spheres when compared to both younger and older control groups.

University of Electro-Com- munications - Chofu, Japan

The large size of the cloud shows that more energy is being emitted from the central baby star than normal. According to the re- searchers this may be due to the higher mass infall rate, or multi- plicity of the central baby star.

These results indicate that their is

a large diversity in the star forma- tion process.

London England

Students were evaluated to ascertain their risk of developing mental health issues or substance abuse problems. The two ses- sions of interventions included cognitive behavioural strategies

for managing their life and the groups discussed their thoughts, emotions, and behaviours. After the interventions students com- pleted questionnaires every few months that allowed research- ers to establish the development of depression, anxiety, panic at- tacks, and suicidal thoughts. Ac- cording to the study there was a significant improvement between the control group and the inter- vention group. The teenagers reported 33 percent less mental health issues with only two 90 minute interventions.


page 4


october 7, 2013

Orediggers show fun school spirit

Elizabeth Starbuck McMillan Staff Writer

Students and faculty came together on the Saturday morn-

ing of Homecoming for the first annual Oredigger Challenge. The morning started off a bit chilly, but the air was thick with anticipa- tion. As soon as the Mines Activ- ity Council blew the whistle, the teams were off. The first round consisted of six challenges: balancing an egg on

a stationary football, followed by

a rather messy gummy bear flour excavation, then putting on a frozen t-shirt, passing a lifesaver with a straw, trivia, and finally stu- dents and faculty put their engi- neering skills to the test and had to build a water bottle tower. One team of professors came prepared with goggles for the gummy bear and flour and blow torches for melting their frozen t- shirt, some may call that cheat- ing but at Mines we call that good engineering. The team known as The Freight Train chugged its way to first after the first round, finishing in 23 minutes. Only the top ten teams could continue on to the second round. Tensions rising, the second round began with a three part

task: mud, ramen noodles, and ice in baby pools had to be re- moved by specific body parts. Next came the three legged race. Many of the teams were seen practicing beforehand to make sure they would be coordinated for the actual race. This event decided who would make it to the final challenge so the stakes were high. At the end of the second round the Res Life team and The Freight Train were the champs, and moved onto the

final and deciding challenge, a simple tug of war. But this was not just any tug of war; a slick tarp covered in blue and white paint was in the middle. Upon the start the Res Life team had an extraordinary start and quickly pulled the once unstoppable Freight Train into the paint. Pull by pull the Freight Train team members fell into the paint, and within a matter of moments Res Life won the Oredigger chal- lenge. There was slight questioning that the wearing of illegal shoes (a.k.a. cleats) may have been in- volved in their win, but because the Freight Train team had such great sportsmanship they let it slide and congratulated Res Life with paint covered hugs and high fives.

The Stars Above Mines COURTESY SITE07
The Stars Above Mines

Observing the moon

John Bristow

Staff Writer

Few stellar bodies are as heav- ily featured in society as the Moon. Sure Mars and Venus have had their day in the sun in science fiction, but no one offers to kiss under a full Ve- nus or pull Mars closer for the love of their life. Beyond being a symbol of love and passion, the Moon has represented its share of human sym- bols. The changing phases have been conscripted to represent the cycle of life and death, they have been used by farmers for millenni- ums to chart months, and countless children’s tales involve dancing on a slightly less than full moon. Human- ity has an obsession with our clos- est celestial neighbor and for good reason. The tides keep the top few layers of the ocean in motion and the closeness of our natural satellite has allowed for an easy target for our fledgling space programs. Beyond the noticeable impacts that the Moon has had upon culture, the Moon has helped put constraints

on the formation of our planet, and the presence of heavily cratered ar- eas on its surface allows humanity

a glimpse into the stellar pinball ma- chine that the solar system was dur- ing the Late Heavy Bombardment. It

is almost criminal that our planet has

such an informational neighbor. Observing the Moon can be tough with anything but eyes or bin- oculars. During the non-full phases, dramatic elevation changes can be seen along the terminator, a term for the line between the light and the dark of the Moon. Unfortunately when the Moon approaches its full- est, the light can hurt the eyes of any

astronomer that neglected their lunar filter. With the use of a filter, the sur- face of the Moon becomes a verita- ble playground for any astronomer. It

is much more fun to pick out the cra-

ters and mountain ranges from up close than far away. The true stark surface becomes enjoyably appar- ent with the increased resolution. Some of the best lunar features that should not be missed upon a telescope aided tour are the craters

of the northern hemisphere. Com- pared with the shocking white of the southern hemisphere, the gray of the

maria units is almost soothing and with a bit of focus, any astronomer will be able to see the craters within

craters on the surface. After looking at the actual craters, the next step is to look through the mountain valleys of the Lunar Apennines. Many of the mountains can be seen directly and the areas between them are often shadowed in a stellar fashion. No tour would be complete without vis- iting the Tycho crater to the south of the main craters. Since it is one of the more recent craters, there are trails of dust that are still visible splaying out for hundred of kilometers in ev- ery direction. With a strong enough telescope, the central peak of the

complex can also be observed. With some reservations it is smart to admit that despite the Moon’s beauty, the best stargazing nights are those where the Moon lies on the opposite side of the Earth, it is those nights that are perfect for looking out into the depths of space.

Mark Seger: Pyromaniac Professor

James Davis

Staff Writer

For a man that needs no in- troduction, Dr. Mark Seger is perhaps the most well-known professor on campus. Most stu- dents, whether fond of the doc- tor or not, have experienced his unique teaching style and com- mand a great respect for him. Seger has potentially taught the most students on campus at least once, attributing to his im- pact on the Mines community as

a whole. Since his early childhood, Seger seemed destined for a ca- reer in chemistry. Despite his non- destructive tendencies, Seger remarks that he “was indeed a pyromaniac as a kid.” His pen- chant for flames was fueled by curiosity of the natural world and the idea that a mixture of chemi-

cals could make gunpowder or colored flames fascinated Seger’s younger self. What truly separat- ed Seger from most youths, how- ever, was his desire to ask the “why” questions. He considered himself “a born scientist” for that exact reason. Seger moved on to getting his bachelor’s at the University of California at Riverside where he finally decided that he wanted to be a chemist. He recalled that he made up his mind during the first few weeks of a sophomore core

class. Seger then furthered his education by getting a doctorate at CSU. At this point, Seger entered industry, a unique experience among the other chemistry pro- fessors. He worked at two large companies, including Kaiser, where he specialized in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectros-

copy (NMR). Here he played the “eyes and ears” for the other workers and, using NMR, Seger would identify atoms and molec- ular compounds that were being made. Seger compared this to detective’s work, since there is no truly exact way to go about iden- tifying molecules. One instead has to gather information around the identity of the molecule and figure it out from there. The only thing he loved more than doing this chemistry, how- ever, is talking about chemistry, as most of his students know. Seger eventually moved into edu- cation, working his way through local colleges until finally joining the Mines family. Although he remarked that he is not being paid nearly as much as he used to, Seger said, “When you see that light bulb go off over that student’s head, that is just a

wonderful experience.” The joy he receives from teaching is quite apparent. Any student that has taken his class will say that Seger has energetic lectures. He makes grandiose motions with his arms to get a major point across be- fore returning to his chalkboard, ready to continue writing down a lecture he has memorized. As he walks through the room he takes special care to make eye contact, giving one the feeling of being in

a small study group rather than a

crowded lecture hall. When the chalkboard is not enough, Seger pulls out his equipment and performs a dem- onstration or shares a piece of interesting trivia. The active dem- onstrations help convey the ab- stract concepts of chemistry to the concrete-minded engineering student. Seger believes that this will entertain the portion of his

class that has a strong chemistry background while still providing a challenge to his students who are less familiar with chemistry. In this way, all students benefit from at- tending his lectures,as he makes them think outside the box. Seger currently has dual citi- zenship in the United States and Liechtenstein, which is home to most of his family. Having a chance to live in the Alps, Seger is only home when he is around

mountains. During his free time, Seger loves to hike, and, when weather permits, hit up the moun- tains on his skis. He is also an avid reader, av- eraging anywhere between 100 and 200 books per year. Seger is an engaging conversationalist, welcoming anyone to share dis- cussions during his office hours. Any time shared with this doctor is time well spent.

Solving seabed extraction disputes in east Asia

Jordan Francis

Staff Writer

The often nonspecific Inter- national Laws of the Sea some- times clash with the historical traditions and the goals and ambitions of existing countries. They clash in ways that result in regions of water which have multiple disputed claims of rights and ownership, particularly in countries around east Asia. As Dr. Yoichiro Sato conveyed, the conflicts of interests and power in that area of the world are fas- cinating, multi-faceted affairs. According to the international Law of the Sea, each country is

allowed twelve nautical miles of territorial water which is to be split in the event of an overlap. Coastal states are each allowed an exclusive economic zone of two hundred nautical miles, and coastal countries are each al- lowed a natural prolongation of up to three hundred fifty miles of extended continental shelf. Dr. Sato named the Japan– South Korea Joint Development Zone as one of the disputed areas. The disputes are largely based on overlapping and con- tradicting history and tradition between the two countries and cultures. These disputes create a great need for compromise and

viable solutions between the two countries, particularly because these disagreements can de- lay productivity and profit for all parties involved. Other disputes arise from military and defense needs, particularly the need to build up and maintain a subma- rine force. Dr. Sato then moved on to discussing the delimitation of territorial sea between states. The deadlines for states and countries to submit their claims was in 2009. This caused some countries to jump start adjust- ing and making their “disputed claims” more explicit, causing some tension. The conflict be-

tween the claims of China and the Philippines has made it dif- ficult to get pipes or other lines across the boundaries without permission. In many areas, Dr. Sato said that China seems to be forcing itself into joint ventures with the Philippines and Vietnam to get a share of profits it could not get otherwise, often without doing the work of setting up any of the infrastructure of the initial ven- ture. The cost of transporting oil and gas is prohibitive to China and hence Dr. Sato said that he believes China’s main goal is to let others start developments that will produce such fuel and

then jump on the labor to reap some of the profits. There may also be some motivation to make sure that China’s own legal claim is not undermined by any nearby countries. Dr. Sato claimed that joint ventures in disputed water are normally driven by the need for capital, a technological gain from foreign partners, and the ability to alter profit calculations. Other reasons include the de- sire for added protection against threats and to strengthen one’s own legal claims or undermine those of other entities. Thus, it does not seem that the disputes over questionable water territory will be going away anytime soon.


october 7, 2013


page 5

Oredigger Fiction Column Birthing Complications
Oredigger Fiction Column
Birthing Complications

Benjamin Elliott

Staff Writer

“Hello dear!” my mother repeat- ed over the phone. “I was just call- ing to see how you’re doing.” “Fine, mom,” I said louder. “I heard you the first time.” “Well, I should hope so! I would hate to think that you’re ignoring me.” “I’m not ignoring you, mom.” “Of course not! Of course not. So, tell me, how’s your new apart- ment treating you?” “It’s alright. Close to the hospi- tal, which is nice. I can walk most days.” “Oh, that’s nice. You know, your father and I spent our honeymoon in a hospital. He broke his leg the first day out, trying to jump down from a barn roof. Have I told you about that?” “Yeah.” “Oh, your father’s such a care- less man. Which reminds me- when are you going to find a nice man for yourself? You’re doing yourself a disservice, waiting so long.” Not this again.

“I don’t have time for a relation-

ship, mom. I’m a nurse. We’ve been over this.” “Nonsense. I was working as a paralegal when I met your father, and kept working up until I had you. You have every chance to get

out there.” “You wanted kids, though. I don’t.” “Oh, you only say that because you don’t know what it’s like. It’s truly inexplicable.” “I’m not going to argue with you on this point. I am going to change the topic.” “Well, you know what I think about it.” “So, read anything good lately?” “Oh, yes, actually. An collection of alternate histories, speculating on what would have happened had the Indians- oops, excuse me, the Native Americans- colonized Eu- rope, as opposed to the other way around. Very interesting ” The conversation droned on for about half an hour. My mom insisted on calling every weekend, whether or not she had anything substantial to talk about. I hu- mored her, if only because of some sense of sympathy. When I retired, I probably wouldn’t have much to do either. My cat appeared halfway through the conversation, and I scratched him behind the ears.

I worked tomorrow, but could

technically be working anytime. Neonatal usually didn’t find itself understaffed, but for the times it did, the administration made sure to have enough nurses on call. Luckily, this weekend was not one

where they needed me. I much

preferred the rest to additional pay.

I ended Sunday night by eating

some berries on toast (not a jam, but still delicious) and watching some sci-fi show about a traveling blues band with superpowers. The berries were starting to get old, so I figured I might as well use them before I had to throw them out. Actual cooking was something I rarely had the energy (or appetite) for; I ate out a lot. The show was pretty terrible; just what I needed. I went to sleep later than I probably should have (midnight), but set my alarm for four. Such is life. At least I

didn’t have to work nights. v v v I got up the next morning, showered, and ate a quick bowl of cereal before heading over to the hospital. The place was always busy with countless staff and pa- tients, but the administrators would somehow notice if any employees weren’t there on time. It was un- canny. I made it in a minute ahead, grabbing my uniform and making my way to the maternity ward. Another nurse appeared walk- ing beside me as I made it in - my best work friend, Laura. She was more experienced than I by sev- eral years, but somehow we had formed an alliance. “Hey, Sara. We’ve had two births in the past day. Neither had any major problems, though, so they’ll probably be out pretty soon.” “Good. I’m not in the mood for any sort of complications.” “Are you ever?” “No.” “So why are you here, again?” Laura jokingly asked. “The salary?” We both laughed.

It was nothing special.

“No, really, I like it well enough

here. Most of the time. It’s the times

I don’t like that I worry about,” I noted. “My mom called again yes- terday.” “Yeah?” “Still pushing me to find a boy- friend.”

“You could always lie.” “No, she’d want to meet him. Anyways, I don’t have the time for that nonsense anyways. I have a cat; why would I want another ani- mal to pick up after?” “Amen to that, sister. Speaking

of that time, I need to go explain to

some students why endotracheal intubation at birth is an unneces-

sary risk for meconium covered brats.” “It is?” I feigned sarcasm, but

I didn’t know much about actual

birth procedure beyond what I needed to know. I mostly work the nursery. “Yeah,” Laura said, taking me at my word. “Turns out routine

resuscitation is just as good, and

a lot easier. Not that administra-

tion plans on changing procedure anytime soon. After that, there’s another woman due. Maybe two,

three hours until the big push. So,

I’ll catch you at lunch, alright?”

“Yes ma’am.” She waved as she walked off, and I made my way up a stairwell to the nursery.

My job title, and training, was really that of a neonatal nurse prac- titioner. I had tried explaining that to my parents on multiple occa-

sions, but they still told their friends

I was simply a “nurse”. Somehow,

out of medical school, I had been

shuffled along into the vibrant world of intensive neonatal care.

I got to avoid the larger so called

“well baby nurseries” that way (and those things are loud), but traded it for some of the more difficult cas- es. No complications in the recent two births meant no new additions

to the neonatal intensive care unit,

which was perfectly fine by me. I spent the majority of the day looking after the few resident in- fants still hanging around. Laura didn’t appear at lunch, which likely meant the labor was going on lon- ger than expected. My suspicions were confirmed when, at about

three, I got a call over my radio. “Sorry, babe. We have one with GBS. Sending him up to your team.” GBS, the acronym for Group B Streptococcus, was Laura’s way of telling me that my day had just turned from normal to rough. We should have caught the bacteria in screenings, but sometimes, very rarely, we missed it. For newborns,

it was a serious infection to have, if not uncommon. I started preparing some treatments for pneumonia, which was likely, while the other two in the room (a social worker and a physician, at the moment) did their thing. The social worker said something about antibiot-

ics, and the physician waved him away, citing that we needed to see our patient first. I sided with the physician on this one- it might be too late for antibiotics. Though, if that was the case, it might be too late for any treatment whatsoever. There were some types of antibiot- ics in the room if we needed them. The newborn never made it to our room. I got the message from

Laura, again over the radio. The baby had died in the hallway, and couldn’t be brought back. Things

like this wore on a person, even

if there was nothing one could do

about them. Some people didn’t want kids because of the time and work they would take, or they re- sponsibility they entailed. When I was asked for a reason, I usually gave one of those, but my real rea- son was fear. I’d seen too many in- fants die to want to risk having one of my own, only to have it taken away.

v v v

The rest of the day wasn’t com- plicated. I went home at seven, showering and going straight to bed. Before falling asleep, I did some light reading. One cannot help to change society if one con-

forms to society, even if reading books is only a mild form of rebel- lion. Nobody at work really reads

them, except when looking up a condition in a textbook or reference manual. I found it surprising when

I made it to steady employment,

but learned quickly that it was a part of the hospital’s culture. Every hospital has a different culture, a different amount of seriousness, a different amount of expertise, a dif-

ferent breed of medic. I ended up at a dull one. I turned off the light at around ten o’clock, hoping to shut my eyes and be asleep in minutes. It swam in like the tide, slowly and surely,

until it drained away at a sound. My curiosity got the better of me, and I opened my eyes. The red

LCD clock displayed 1:07. Glaring light in the darkness. It, in isolation, was the only object in existence.

I didn’t move for a moment, ears

perked up, closing my eyes again, hoping to hear the sound again. Sometimes you think you hear something and it wakes you up,

just to find that it was imagined all along. This was one of those times,

it seemed. I relaxed. What had the

sound been? Almost like tiny foot- steps, running. Then I opened my eyes again, and my cat (I call him Cat, out of laziness) was there, eyes glow- ing along with the clock. Of all the times to be awake. “Was that you, Cat? Stop fool-

ing around, mom needs some sleep.” Cat sat there for a moment before jumping up onto the bed, stepping on and over me to get to the other side (where I could only suppose the grass was greener) in the most uncomfortable way. I shuffled him off me, and he curled up there to stay. “Your bed’s not good enough

for you, I suppose. Well, fine, wake me up for no reason. Stupid cat.” I fell back asleep as quickly as I could with a furry lump on the bed. Anyone who has faced this par- ticular problem knows the difficulty with it. You can’t move, or else the cat will wake up and repeat its ma- neuvers, or leave. Either is a reason to feel guilty, so you are trying to sleep, while tense from not moving, and feeling a weight on or around you. Somehow I managed it this night.

And dreamed. The dream be- gan where I had left off in real life, in bed. Cat was gone though, and the clock read something in letters

I don’t remember. If I hadn’t been

dreaming, I should have recog- nized it was a dream immediately.

It was cold, very very cold. I pulled my covers closer around me, but

it seemed like the cold was just

ignoring my blankets, as if it came from everywhere. I was shivering.

I looked at the clock curiously, to

read it, but still had trouble deci- phering it. Then A slam on the window. My win- dow lies out in front of my bed, such that I can look through it when I wake up. It was hard to see anything out there now, in the dark- ness (which, as dream-darkness, had even more obscurity), but I could make out a silhouette from the light of a street lamp. A hand, which had slammed palm out- stretched on the glass. It slowly slid down the surface, leaving some kind of stain behind. The hand was small. Very small. I knew then what it was. It was the baby. The one that had died. The one I didn’t save. It didn’t matter that I hadn’t had the chance. We should have

found the GBS. We should have known. No, no, no, no

And again, a slam on the win- dow. The hand reached back up, as if it were knocking. As if it want- ed to get in. I pulled my covers up to my eyes, and at one last glance, over them. I could just ignore it, and it would go away, right? It wasn’t getting in. It was just a baby. Babies can’t open windows. They can’t even move themselves yet. Babies are dumb. I was safe. But the blankets couldn’t muffle the sound. The cold and the slam- ming persisted. I huddled under it still, before looking out from the sheets again. Still the hand pressed

against the window. What was on it? Blood? Excrement? Knowing GBS, it was probably both. Oh no. Oh no. No, no, no, no, no v v v Thankfully I woke up, and thankfully it had just been a dream.

It was still dark (weekdays, when I

worked, involved getting up earlier than the sun did), but my alarm made sure to remind me that I had to be up and about. Another wonderful day. I should have been, which is to say, should be rested right now. To stay in the past tense though (for future memoirs), I’ll say

that I was rather than am tired. I headed into work like a zom- bie, but managed to catch Laura on her way in before she caught me (it is usually she who ambushes me). “Hey, you doing alright?” I asked. “Alright.” “Yesterday can’t have been an easy one. I mean, I feel terrible about it, and I wasn’t even really there.” Laura stopped and turned. “It was terrible. Telling that new

mother that she wasn’t really a mother after all. And after all that too- the labor took much too long. But, it happens.” “Yeah. I hope the family is doing

all right.” “I think so. The social workers

did most of the talking. I’m starting

to see why we have them.” “Well, don’t beat yourself up too

much over it.” “I’ll try not to. It was just


know.” “Do you think it’s the kind of thing you can get nightmares




“I mean, I didn’t sleep that eas-

ily. I don’t know about you.” “You somewhat sound like you’re doing that thing.” “What thing?” “You know, the thing?” ”

“That thing where you ask peo-

ple questions only because you

want the questions asked of you.”

“That thing



Guilty. I had one.”

“A nightmare?” “Yes, a nightmare. What else?” “You did look little pale coming in,” Laura said, concerned. She quickly put a hand to my forehead. “Hmm. Can’t really tell, but you might be sick.” “Wait, I tell you I had a night-

mare and the first thing you do is think that I’m sick.” “The paleness concerned me more. What did you have for break-


“I skipped it, wasn’t thinking.” Laura threw her hands down. “Honey! Come on, let’s get you

a yogurt in the dining hall. You

can’t start a twelve hour workday

on nothing.” I followed her, and got

a yogurt as ordered. Started feeling

a little better.

“I could talk to Roth, you know. See if you could take the day off.” “No, I can’t,” I said between spoonfuls. “Rent’s due on Friday, and I need to work this whole week

to have enough for it and my dad’s

birthday.” “Well, I think you should get some rest, but if you’re resolved to work yourself to death, I suppose I can’t stop you. Hopefully you don’t get any kids sick. Consider vaca- tioning.”

“Really, I’m fine. I’m just terrified

of another baby dying.” “You’d be surprised how many

people get into this field with no idea what they’re getting into,” Laura cautioned. “Many consider themselves thick-skinned, but faint

at the first sight of blood. You’re tougher than them, of course, but nobody’s immune to the stresses; besides, you see more deaths than most people see in their entire lives.”

Continued at Birthing Complica- tions on page 8.


page 6


october 7, 2013









Horn, Sophomore: Computer Science

Karen Gilsdorf

ture Mines geeks? Make the time to do something


Staff Writer

Looking around campus, it may be said that this school is full of geeks. However, it is surprising the variety of geeks on this campus, and the variety of organizations they are involved in. Krista Horn

is certainly no exception. With her

toes in band, a sorority, and several other clubs, she is an example of a geek that not only loves her school, but is also committed to making it

a better place by her presence. In

the midst of all of this, “The Ore- digger” found a couple minutes to chat with her about the role she plays on campus. [Oredigger]: Why Computer Science? [Horn]: Oh goodness, this is how the story goes: I had to take

a required computer class in high

school and it just clicked! It was a

lot of fun because I could control the computer, instead of the com- puter controlling me. What is your favorite class and why? Data structures! It is a coding class that makes me think on a deeper level. Why do you consider your- self a geek? Because I get so fascinated

with little things. For example, the other day in Discrete Math I was really excited that someone was killed because they proved that the square root of two was irrational! Not that I like people being killed… it was just interesting that people were so distraught over the fact they proved a simple mathematical

phenomenon . What’s your favorite thing about Mines? The small atmosphere and be- ing able to walk across campus

and see people you know. Also, I love being able to laugh at all of the little campus jokes – like when the letters on the Student Recreation Center were knocked down to read “Stud Creation Center.” What are some extracurricu- lar activities you are involved in?

I’m involved in drum line, who does it best, Club volleyball where ballers ball, Greek life – a.k.a. not for the weak life, Facebook stalk- ing, but I’m also a radio show host. Listen in every Sunday night


Who is your favorite super hero? Batman because he’s not wear- ing hockey pants like the rest of them. What is some advice for fu-

fun, its always out there, especially here! What do you do in your spare time? Make awkward moments. What is your favorite quote? “With all its sham, drudgery and broken dreams, it is still a beauti- ful world. Be cheerful. Strive to be happy.” – Max Erhmann Can a sorority girl still be a geek? Definitely. If you dig down deep enough anyone can find his or her inner geek. If you had to choose be- tween being an elephant and a hippo, what would you be? E=mc 2 . Definitely. How would you tell someone you’re into them, using C++? /* I love you */ What has been your favorite experience at Mines? Meeting all sorts of different people. Or maybe E-Days. That’s when all the geeks came out of their rooms and showed the world what they are capable of…kind of.

It was awesome! Pancakes or waffles? Using my scientific extrapola- tion of the density properties of each, crepes.

What is your Geek Confes- sion? I go to concerts alone. I like mu- sic, no one else does. And I get to meet new cool people and be their friend. What does the fox say? RING DING DING [proceeds to sing it all].

What is a hidden talent? I can’t sing. Or dance. Cats or dogs? Dogs! Cats are just too grumpy. Think about it, if you left your cat and your dog in the back of a car all day, who would be happy to see you when you got back? Problem solved. Dogs are better.


Problem solved. Dogs are better. KAREN GILSDORF / OREDIGGER Sophomore in Comp Sci, Krista Horn, enjoys

Sophomore in Comp Sci, Krista Horn, enjoys the small atmosphere of Mines and classes like Data Structures.

Nutty poultry dish

Jacob Emmel

Staff Writer

Three of the greatest foods— peanut butter, chicken, and noo- dles, come together in this easy meal, perfect for lunch, dinner and leftovers. This recipe for peanut chicken and pasta makes six to eight servings. Ingredients:

1 14.5 oz box spaghetti

2 lbs. boneless skinless chicken breasts

1 Tbs. oil

3/4 cup soy sauce

3/4 cup chunky peanut butter

1 tsp. sesame oil (optional)

1 bunch green onions, chopped


To start, fill a large pot with wa -

ter and bring it to a boil. When it

is ready, cook the spaghetti in it as

directed on the pasta box. While waiting for the water to boil and the pasta to cook, begin cutting the chicken breasts into bite-sized pieces, about the size of one-inch cubes. Put a skillet on medium-high heat, and drizzle the

olive oil in it. Next, put the chick- en into the skillet to cook; flip the cubes as necessary to sauté them evenly. To prepare the sauce, put the peanut butter and soy sauce in a small sauce pan, and stir or whisk them to combine. If desired, stir in sesame oil, as well. Bring this sauce to a boil, then reduce the heat.

Once the chicken has finished

cooking, pour the peanut sauce over it and mix it in until the chicken

has been coated. Add the cooked, drained pasta to the skillet, and stir it into the chicken and sauce mix-

ture until they have combined. The

dish can now be served, topped with chopped green onions. Tips:

The white base of the green on-

ions has a stronger flavor, so use more or fewer pieces from this area depending on your preferences to- ward the onion’s flavor. Add 1/4 cup or more of roasted peanuts for more of a crunch. For some heat, add Sriracha sauce to the plated dish to taste.


sauce to the plated dish to taste. JACOB EMMEL / OREDIGGER Peanut chicken and pasta is

Peanut chicken and pasta is perfect for lunch and dinner.

“Gravity” defying expectations

John Bristow

Staff Writer

would be heard would be gasps for air and sounds transmitted through touch. For example, when an elec- tric wrench is used, rather than the shrill whine of machinery that would be expected, a low pitched groan- ing sound is all that is heard. Beyond the sounds of the film, the visuals are dramatic and cap-

The juxtaposition of the horrors of the movie floating several hundred kilometers away from the Earth hammers home the idea that hu- mans are lucky for what is at home. The sound and visual effects alone make the whole movie worth it. In terms of the plot, the movie grabs hold of the audience and does not let go until the

credits roll. There are a fair share of obvious moments in the course of the film. A solution is rarely reached on first try, and the whole chain of events goes from

a believable premise to a

remarkably unlikely out- come, but therein lies part of “Gravity”’s magic. The mov-

ie ramps up in such a way

that it is hard not to become invested in the fates of the characters. One of the other sublime joys of the movie is that little comes as a shock; the movie is paced in such a

way that it is evident what is coming. There are a few final notes to heed when going

to see “Gravity.” Unlike most

movies with a 3D option, the third dimension is not a gim- mick; it is purely necessary. The film is also, for the most part, scientist ap- proved. Director Alfonso Cuarón doesn’t have to bend the laws of phys-

ics much to get his vision across. Finally, beyond ef- fects, the cinematography is purely stellar. Whether the fragility of hu- manity is being highlighted by an almost womb-like scene or the In- ternational Space Station is being ripped to shreds by a debris cloud, the film is captivating.

There is no way to start a re- view of “Gravity” without pointing out that it is more than amazing. The movie is not only worth the insanely high cost of movies these

days, but it will also be worth get- ting the Blu-ray version

when it hits the shelves. If there is any one reason why anyone should see the film, that reason can be singled out to a marriage between styles; “Gravity” exists at the corner of blockbuster- style captivating effects and independent-style plot and precision. “Gravity” amounts to

a space thriller at its core.

It is not exactly sci-fi since

the technology and loca- tions, for the most part, currently exist. A great deal of research was done to make the film authentic and gritty; there are no magical mystery boxes that solve problems, only George Clooney’s wit and Sandra Bullock’s fervent despera- tion. The crowning achieve- ment of the film lies in the visual and sound effects. Unlike a majority of space films, there are no deafen- ing explosions. Everything

is heard is from the per- spective of Sandra Bull- ock’s character Ryan Stone. From the introductory interplay between Houston and the Space Shuttle to the very end, the only method by which audible tension is intro-

duced is through the riveting score.

If it were not for the music, all that


If it were not for the music, all that COURTESY WARNER BROS The crowning achievement of

The crowning achievement of “Gravity,”

beyond the outstanding graphics, is the

visual and sound effects it boasts.

tivating. While pure mayhem and destruction is happening in the foreground, the Earth floats tran- quil beyond the grasp of our he- roes. Fear inducing scraps of metal may be whipping by, but look,

there is the Nile Delta at sunrise.


october 7, 2013


page 7

“Girl Rising” promotes education of women

Jacob Emmel

Staff Writer

At Mines and in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) in general, men greatly outnumber women.

Though, according to US News, only 18 percent of engineering un- dergraduates in the United States are women, nearly every woman

in the U.S. is literate. Compared to

Afghanistan’s 12.6 percent female literacy rate, the severity of the STEM gender gap becomes far

less significant. “We’re in a place where it’s re-

markable for a girl to be educated

in engineering, but we need to re-

member there are places where it’s remarkable for a girl to be educat- ed, period,” Claire Mahoney said, a freshman who viewed the film “Girl Rising”. Right now, according to UNES- CO, 66 million girls are out of school globally. Furthermore, there

are 33 million fewer girls than boys

in primary school globally accord-

ing to Education First. Girls simply

face more barriers to receiving an education than boys do. 10x10, a global campaign to educate and empower girls across the developing world, produced the ground-breaking documentary “Girl Rising.” The Women in Sci- ence, Engineering and Mathemat- ics Program along with the Hen- nebach Program in the Humanities

brought the film to Mines on Oc- tober 2. The film follows nine girls from Haiti, Nepal, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Peru, Sierra Leone, and Afghani- stan who grapple with unimagi- nable odds in order to achieve their dreams of education. Suma, a teenager from Nepal, suffered through years of bond- age beginning at age six, endured

unending abuse, and received no education during her years of ser- vitude. Wadley, a seven year old from Haiti, lost everything except her mother in the earthquakes that struck Haiti in 2010. She was

turned away from school after the disaster because her mom was unable to pay the fee. Wadley per- severed, telling the schoolteacher, “If you send me away, I will come back every day until I can stay. You cannot stop me.” Yasmin, a 13 year old from Egypt, was raped as a child, but re- fused to think of herself as a victim.

Her rapist is still free, Yasmin has never been to school, and, barely a teenager, Yasmin is engaged. Though the girls live a world away from each other, they share a desire to learn—a desire to better themselves and escape the stereo- types that pervade in their regions. However, educating women is not a priority in many developing coun- tries. Many girls are sold as child brides. In fact, 14 million girls under

18 will be married this year. Other girls, an estimated of 150 million a year, are victims of sexual violence. Kim Burnett from the Shadhika Foundation, an organization devot- ed to combating gender inequality in India, believes in the power of educating women and the need to redefine social stereotypes. Bur- nett spoke before the film as part of a panel on the need for women’s education. Burnett said, “the expectation is that girls should not work. Girls are there to serve the husband’s family. Frankly, as girls have got-

ten more education, that has been challenging that system. In some ways, the progress we’re making in girls’ education means we have to help the boys catch up and be- gin to change how they perceive women.” Research has shown the power of educating women. According to CIA World Factbook, if India enrolled one percent more girls in secondary school, their GDP would rise by $5.5 billion. A girl with an extra year of education can earn 20 percent more as an adult according to the World Bank, and

girls with eight years of education are four times less likely to be mar- ried as children according to the National Academies Press. “If you care about eradicating poverty, about eliminating hunger or HIV Aids, about addressing our overpopulation on the planet, about promoting democracy, and combating extremis, the key to all of those things is making sure a girl has an education,” Burnett said. Another showing of “Girl Rising” is scheduled for Thursday Oct. 10 in Ballroom A of the Student Cen- ter.


A of the Student Cen- ter. COURTESY TEN TIMES TEN LLC “Girl Rising” emphasizes the importance

“Girl Rising” emphasizes the importance of education for women in developing countries.

“Elysium” parallels reality

Evan Ford

Staff Writer

Matt Damon stars in the new sci- fi action film “Elysium.” This sci-fi of- fers a handful of unexpected themes and social statements that can be missed from the marketed presen- tation of trailers. In the year 2154, human be- ings are separated into two social classes. The very rich have left the slums of an overpopulated Earth. Los Angeles is enveloped in pov- erty, oppression, and plummeting standards of living. Robots and impersonal interactions plague the streets and exacerbate the pitiable conditions. The wealthy inhabitants

of Earth abandoned the planet, and

constructed a massive space sta- tion utopia known as Elysium. There is more than just wealth and the Earth’s atmosphere sepa- rating the two classes; a language barrier provides commentary into to- day’s current immigration issue. The primary language on Earth, from the

perspective provided in the film, is Spanish. On Elysium, the inhabitants speak the “more civilized” French language, and are always seen to be relaxing by the pools and green lawns of their lavish homes. The protagonist of “Elysium”, Max, attempts to escape his sor- did past. He grew up as an orphan, but has recently managed to keep

a steady job and avoid his life of

crime. When he faces an accident that leaves him with five days to live, desperation forces him to rely on his former lifestyle in order to reach Ely- sium to receive medical treatment to allow him to keep living. Healthcare contrasts between

first and third world countries are brought to light and play a large role

in the plot line. In the film, there are

machines in each house that upon

a verification of citizenship will im-

mediately restore and heal the user. Although this technology does not exist today, the director seems to be making a claim that immigrants per- ceive modern medicine and univer- sal healthcare as a perfect solution to all ailments. Although this is not the case, the difference between the modern healthcare systems is actu- ally quite substantial in some cases. The desire to continue living, despite the scantiest of living condi- tions, forces individuals like Max to risk everything to enter a prohibited society and location. “Elysium” is unique as it serves to provide a rel-

evant backstory to immigrants and the problems they face, as well as insight into their hopes and dreams. Without downplaying the efforts of modern immigrants, the attempts and backstories of the characters are at times hollow and try too hard to play at the heartstrings of the au- dience. Overall, the movie is effective in bringing the viewer to contemplate his or her way of life, and the oppor- tunities that have or have not been provided. Even better, the movie is laced with fast-paced action and some aggressive explosions.


COURTESY MEDIA RIGHT CAPITAL AND TRISTAR PICTURES “Elysium”, starring Matt Damon, encourages the viewer to

“Elysium”, starring Matt Damon, encourages the viewer to

contemplate his or her way of life and opportunities.

A look to the past

Vishnu Kadirisani Staff Writer

working along him are Peggy Ol- sen, his secretary, Roger Sterling, a partner of the company, Pete Cam- bell, a young account manager, and Joan Holloway, the head secretary of the office. There is drama from all edges of the map in the office, ranging from affairs to business complications, and Don has a part in all of it. However, like most hard working Americans, Don Draper has a life outside the office. It starts in The Village, the heart of the New York’s young ideas where art and music flow through the streets which are

filled with, quite literally, starving artists. Draper

and one of

these artists, a woman named


iels, are shown to be having

an intimate re-



episode of the show. This re-

lationship helps the viewer learn


personality as the show pro- gresses. “Mad Men” is a show about personalities. It is about how

people at the top of the social lad- der interact. What they value in life is what we dream about hav- ing. What they do not have are the things we take for granted. Don- ald Draper is one of us, a common man thrust into high society. The show teaches the viewers how to live life in that society, and to appear accustomed and used to money, fancy cars, beautiful people at ev- ery corner of the office, and most

of all, chaos.

By the time most students graduate Mines, they will have jobs. Alumni will mostly have decent starting salaries and lead comfort- able lifestyles. In a few years there might be a promotion, a wife, a nice new house, and a family. But what about those who want more than just a mundane existence? What about those who want not just a promotion but to own a company? Or maybe go out with the girl they were too nerdy for in high school? Own a mansion with so many bed- rooms that it

looks more like



half lives.



ing to



what the show


all about.

does the other


rather, how did they live?

That is







lose but














high power ex-

ecutives work-

ing on Madison Avenue, NY, were referred to as Mad Men. The show follows Donald Draper, played by actor Jon Hamm, and his lifestyle. There are two components to Don Draper’s complicated life: his work and his personal life. His work takes priority above all though, as he is the Senior Creative Director of an advertising firm called Sterling Cooper. Throughout the show, it is shown that clients value his work because of its superiority. Those

set in the



of its superiority. Those set in the when COURTESY AMC “Mad Men” is a show about

“Mad Men” is a show about personalities and interactions of those at the top of the social lad-






page 8


october 7, 2013

Birthing Complications

Continued from page 5

Benjamin Elliot

I, with some kind of ninja reflexes,

Oh no. The scratching just doubled.

Staff Writer


just looked back at the last few

might just be that I’m not suit-

ed for this work.” “Well, it might be somewhat hasty to come to that conclusion. Considering you’ve pushed through medical school for this very thing,

even more so. At the very least con- sider seeing a counselor about this. The hospital has people on staff for


picked him up before he could get away.

“You’re staying in here, bub.” Cat was wriggling and writhing uselessly in my arms, and I closed the door behind me. The power was out, as I found out trying to flip the

switch. Great, no light for reading or electricity for tv. I might be able to read if my eyes got used to the light.

entries, and last night’s nightmare came flooding back. It’s happening again. Oh no, no, no, no. While I was looking, four sets of hands are now scratching. More even. I’m back- ing up to my room, and what hap- pens? There’s a hole in my door. A splintered growing hole; I can’t help but be reminded of “The Shining.” A


really should have known by the

rudimentary cat flap, dog door. Only these aren’t pets. They’re babies. What seems like hundreds of them, swarming through the hole in the door, crawling over one another,


very reason.”

lack of hall lighting, but that doesn’t always mean loss of power. It was late already, so I just went straight to bed, after brushing my teeth. Cat had taken to scratch-


think about it. Thanks, Laura.

You’re a good friend.” “Okay. I’m heading in to the ward. Take your time.”



took maybe five minutes, then

ing again, but when I lay down, he

crying and gurgling, coming towards

headed up myself. The day was without incident. I frantically checked and rechecked everything for the three infants in the ICU, all of them premature births. I may have been overcautious, but I wasn’t about to let any of them slip on my watch. v v v

realized there was something even more annoying he could be doing and jumped up onto the bed, snug- gling in tightly. That should be all for tonight, setting this on the night- stand. Then, scratching again. Cat is here. Cat is not at the door. I freeze

me. No, no, no, no, no, no. Retreat to my room, close that door and lock it. It’s only a matter of time though. I’ve got to go. I’m getting out of here, to the window, screw this journal. v v v The remaining content of the journal of Sara Larrette, found

went home to find Cat at the door, scratching at it. When I opened


for a moment, but my curiosity gets the better of me. I pass by the bed-

among her possessions in her dam- aged apartment after her disappear-


door, the sound of tearing wood

room door, head for the front hallway

ance three weeks ago. She was last

fibers stopped, but the scratches

door. It’s locked, if a bit scratched

seen in Bogotá by a street vendor,


on the door’s interior did not.

up on this side, but the scratching

who verified her ID after it came up in


looked up at me innocently. Stu-

is coming from outside. Why am I


credit card transaction at his stall,


cat. When I stepped inside Cat

even carrying this right now? Writing

but otherwise has no known loca-

made to dash out into the hallway.

is the last thing I should be doing.


Give Up: a decade in review

John Bristow

Staff Writer

there are light and airy songs that carry as much weight as cotton candy. For those with less time than needed, a good start is with “Such Great Heights.” While it is probably the only song on the al- bum to have garnered much at- tention, a lot of time has passed since it was on the airwaves and it is both a fantastically cliché love song and empowering at the same time. “Nothing Better”

album, it is worth exploring the other tracks that have been re- leased since the album came out. Both “Turn Around” and “A Tattered Line of String” repre- sent the newer aspects of The Postal Service, and in all hones-

ty, unless someone is going for some discography completionist achievement, they should be ig- nored. Both fall flat compared to the earlier releases. Much better are “Be Still My

Heart” and the cover of the Flaming Lips song “Sudden- ly Everything Has Changed.” The former is arguably the best track The Postal Service released. It is stupidly ro- mantic in the sort of way that no matter how much stuff is going on, it brings back the emotion of falling in love, which is the best feeling in the world aside from finding an endless trail of perfect cook- ies. So back to the question, has the album

retained its charm over the past decade? Conclusively the answer should be yes. The second question of whether or not the 10th Anni- versary edition is worth it is an- swered by saying no. For a col- lector it is necessary, but for the average listener, there are a host

of new LPs that cater to the need for good music.

It stands to reason that if an album is deemed to be good in one decade, that it can move up to excellent if it makes it to the next and retains its original character. “Give Up” by the de-

pressingly short-lived indie elec- tronica group The Postal Service is up for a decade review after it hit its tenth

birthday this

past summer.


fore dubstep,

the album

was charm- ing and quirky,

it played with

the listener like

a puppy just

learning to play catch. Every song it brought up was new and original

and slightly dif- ferent from the last. While it may not have been exactly mainstream, the album was perfect in 2003. So the question is, does the al- bum hold up

in the decid-

edly more pen- sive and pes-

simistic era of 2013? Upon re-listen, each song is still factory fresh.

A good start is to listen to

the whole album track by track. While there is no true order, the album follows a logical progres- sion through love and loss and back to love again. There are parts of the album that are won- derful and contemplative and

a time be-


and contemplative and a time be- COURTESY SUB POP RECORDS “Give Up” by The Postal Service

“Give Up” by The Postal Service retains its charm after a decade.

serves as a blast of cold water after the chipper lovey-dovey be-

ginning, it exists in that strange subset of songs that can be la- beled as upbeat break up songs. “Clark Gable” represents the most upbeat attitude of the al- bum and is still worthy of being

a secret favorite. Instead of finishing off the

Shakespeare’s best

Sara Dewar

Staff Writer

Often considered one of the most prevalent love stories of all time, Wil- liam Shakespeare’s epic tragedy, “Romeo and Juliet” resurfaces in a new movie release set for theaters October 11. The screenplay for this movie was written by Sir Julian Fel- lowes, creator of the famous PBS series Downton Abbey, and will ap- peal to viewers in their late teens through early twenties. “Romeo and Juliet” is argu- ably Shakespeare’s best work. It is definitely the most read and recog- nized in popular culture. The tragic romance tells the tale of two star- crossed lovers who die under dra- matic circumstances and in doing so, mend the feud between their families. It is a timeless piece that continues to be loved by scholars and casual readers alike. “Romeo and Juliet” is required reading in most high school curricu- lum’s; however, it is a play that can be revisited over and over through- out life. Shakespeare possessed a unique gift of writing incredibly com- monplace phrases and thoughts in such a way as to emphasize a hid- den or deeper meaning. The diction

of Elizabethan England may appear

uncomfortable to modern readers, but once understood, the prose is

beautiful. In his plays, Shakespeare uses blank verse, a type of iambic pen- tameter that does not rhyme. There is a regular line length and syllable count in each verse. This regular- ity can enhance the reading experi- ence, turning each line into an ex- pressive dance of words. The main theme in “Romeo and Juliet” is love. A fervent, life-altering love that can only be experienced once in a lifetime, is discovered by Romeo and Juliet. Throughout the course of a few days, they declare their secret love for each other and make plans to elope. Unfortunately for these young lovers, events do not unfold as they planned and their lives end before they can run away together. This play encompasses lots of emotions such as excitement, un- certainty, comedy, anticipation, er- ratic anxiety, love, fear, happiness, and betrayal. It is clearly a tumult of feelings structured in five short acts. Especially at Colorado School of Mines, it is easy to dismiss literature as an unimportant facet in our daily lives. After all, many students here dislike the humanities very much, or at least struggled with them in high school. Nevertheless, students

should not disregard literature alto- gether. This movie is a great place to start and will blow everyone away.

Secret side of Mines

Zach Snyder

Staff Writer

Every individual who goes to Mines requires their own specific requirements for living comfortably. Some students can make do with minimal possessions, while others need to transport their entire lives from home to Golden. Even differ- ent faculty members prefer diver-

gent tools for teaching, whether that

is using the electronic smart board

coupled with an LCD projector or just doing it the old-fashioned way

with chalk on a board. The bottom line is each person needs and wants

a unique combination of distinc-

tive facets to live happily at Mines. Amidst all the chaos and asperity of

such a difficult engineering school like CSM, getting the minor details

right will ultimately lead to success. The people who come to Mines hail from all different walks of life and originate from vastly different cul- tures. A chemical engineer living in one room may come from Alaska, while the petroleum engineer right down the hall could come from the opposite side of the United States on the East Coast. Because each person is different, every member

of the Mines community will have

their own set of demands. Some students or faculty also might have

special needs, be it in the classroom

or out. It is fairly easy to forget how

vital fulfilling basic needs are when everyone is caught up in the middle

of the school year. There are people

who would flat out suffer without a

certain amenity they crave. Maybe

there is a student who cannot wake

up in the morning without a nice, hot

cup of coffee, or maybe there is a teacher who cannot live without ex- ercising at the gym. Perhaps the most demanding of

lifestyles is of those who must take care of more than themselves, in raising a child. What does Mines do

to provide for those people? What

could possibly lie in the undiscov- ered parts of campus that can help

these people, and finally what awe- some luxuries does CSM have that most people are not aware of? As it turns out, tucked deep with- in the long, sharp-turning halls of the student center at the very heart of campus lies the Mother’s Room. The Mother’s Room is essentially the Isla de Muerta, the forbidden Aztec cursed island from Pirates of the Caribbean: Curse of the Black Pearl. It can only be found by those

who know where it is hidden. (The Mother’s Room is located upstairs in the Student Center near Ballrooms D and E.) When the location of the “Moth-

er’s Room” was discovered by The Oredigger, mystery and curiosity sparked. Upon investigation, suspi- cion was proven to be 100% cor- rect as when Jenn Mazzotta, Direc- tor of Student Activities, was asked to comment on the purpose of this highly secluded room she detailed, “the room literally has just an outlet and a rocking chair. While locked, those with child in need of a private place to nurse are freely allowed in.” It seems as if there are lots of cool places hiding within the Stu- dent Center, as Mrs. Mazzotta’s office itself hides quietly behind the

Blastercard Office. Student Activity offices and niche purpose rooms such as the Mother’s Room are not the only cool places available at

Mines. For those looking for a more general purpose place, taking a left after entering the student center

and going past the fish tank is the iclub. While not some marketing scheme by Apple to transform part of the Mines campus into prime real estate, the iClub was once the old student dining center that magically transformed into a modest house- hold of schoolwork filled wall to wall with tables, chairs, sofas, and most important above all else free-to-use whiteboards. The Colorado School of Mines

has many attributes to discover, and two of those are as simple as places to retreat to.


october 7, 2013


page 9

Modmarket’s fresh fast food

Elizabeth Starbuck McMillan Staff Writer

It is like stepping into heaven’s fast food restaurant. Modmarket has a modern design and a fresh feel that makes any foodie feel at home. The menu is diverse and filled with healthy options. Mod- market is a Colorado owned busi- ness that was started by two guys that were tired of the typical un- healthy and highly processed fast foods. So instead of complaining about it, Anthony Pigliacampo and Rob McColgan started their own restaurant centered around their wants. It is easy to see that the busi- ness is very detail-oriented, from the overall fresh ambiance to the Boylan Soda fountain machine. Boylan Sodas have retro flavors such as cream and grape soda and are made with real cane sugar, they are the perfect compli- ment to a tasty modmarket dinner. But those looking for something a

little more grown-up can choose from mod market’s wine or beer list. The atmosphere in the restau- rant can be a little pretentious, looking past that, it is happy and bright and great place to dine. Other than Starbucks, many din- ing places do not present good study locations, but Modmarket could potentially become a new Mines student study or meeting spot. They have large tables and most people get orders to-go (ex- cept for Sunday brunch.) The only complaint for Mod- market would be they do not know all their food allergies. They offer almost everything gluten free but when it comes to lactose in- tolerant they are not as generous. Most meal options have cheese on them. That being said the serv- ers are very friendly and happy to customize the order since it is made right there on the spot. After ordering at the counter the wait is about five minutes. The time goes

fast though because the Modmar- ket kitchen is entirely in the open. Customers can watch their meals being made and see exactly what the cooks are doing, which adds a level of security and comfort to the meal. After waiting the customer is notified and they must go to an- other counter to pick up the food served on real plates with real sil- verware. Whole wheat crust pizzas with

a variety of fresh cheese, meat, and vegetable toppings adorn the menu. They are presented in the perfect serving size for dinner and a follow-up snack, wonderful for Mines students busy study- ing on weeknights. Modmarket also whips up flavorful and crisp salads, garnished with seasonal fruits, nuts, and tangy dressings. They also have fabulous des- serts such as peanut butter crunch bars, cookie bites, and brownies. There is absolutely no better way to conclude a healthy meal than with a tasty dessert.

Grim Leaper on love

Jordan Francis

Staff Writer

these comics is that every issue has a three-page mini story at the end. The stories are brief looks at different love stories which start off relatively light-hearted and get darker as the series goes on. The tales respectively involve a couple that only manages to get together once they run into each others’ cars, a man who plans to murder his unfaithful girlfriend, a man who believes he is in a relationship with the Apple voice assistant Siri, and a girl who convinces her boyfriend to murder her parents so that she can

how after experiencing death, life

for the main characters is little more than a reflection and period of an- ticipation before their next deaths. The methods of death vary from everyday accidents such as car ac- cidents to deliberate killings, as in the case where Lou found himself

in the body of a serial killer and was

killed by one of the victims. As time goes on and the two

lovebirds begin to grow, they rec- ognize how little control they have over what is happening and take greater control over the timing and methods of their inevitable

deaths, turning them from accidents to deliberate en- deavors. Overall, the story and character growth in this series is a bit clichéd, but the odd gimmick of the body jumping and violent fixation on death makes the comic unique enough to remain in- teresting. The mini-stories at the end of each issue provide brief glimpses of interest- ing and somewhat morbid views on love and humanity that can also keep the se- ries interesting. The artwork on those stories moves from old style dot-shading, to car- toonish, to fairly realistic with a still-visible comic style as the stories get darker and more sickening. The mini- stories also become more realistic and plausible as they become more horrifying. Overall, the two ele- ments of the main plot and the mini-stories make for an interesting series of com- ics. The speed at which the

couple falls in love in the main storyline is a bit unrealistic but then again, this is a tale of two

people who jump between bodies

every time they die so implausibil- ity is a relative term. The short sto- ries at the end are all a bit shorter than many readers will be used to, but they manage to convey their strange ideas very effectively with very little space. This is not neces- sarily a must-have series for anyone without a morbid fascination with

death, but it is an entertaining com-

ic and a nice change of pace from

the stereotypical superhero staples

of the comics industry.

Grim Leaper is an unusual four part love story from Image Com- ics, the company responsible for publishing titles such as Spawn, Invincible, and The Walking Dead. The story follows a man named Lou Collins who finds himself in a

cycle of constantly dying and rein- carnating into the bodies and lives of various random people in his hometown. He believes himself to be cursed, constantly getting a second chance to do some-

thing with his new lives, but he keeps getting killed be- fore he can figure out what that something is. Then,

on his fourteenth body, he meets Ella Patrick, a girl who shares his curse. She dies soon after they meet and the hunt is on for both of them to try and find one another again. They continue to meet up with each other and grow as people throughout their constant quest to reunite. Ella learns to cast aside her fears and thoughts of in- adequacy as she embraces the freedom that constant reincarnation provides while Lou, when he is forced into the body of a married man, begins to understand and accept that his actions have consequences. Finally, after

a few reunions and subse-

quent deaths, the two of

them find themselves back

in their original bodies. Excit-

ed, they meet up and realize that they had originally met

right before Lou died. Glad to have figured out their original con- nection, they kiss and accidentally kill each other as each of them has the remnants of a food the other is allergic to on their lips. They wake up in their typical limbo, though this time they wake up in the same place and jump into their next bod- ies together. The comic ends with

them reviving in the bodies of two newlyweds, uncertain of whether they will continue to reincarnate or how much time they have left, but happy to have each other for what- ever lies ahead. The other interesting feature of


interesting feature of COURTESY DIAMOND COMIC DISTRIBUTORS Grim Leaper issues 1-4 are a somewhat unrealistic but

Grim Leaper issues 1-4 are a somewhat unrealistic but heartwarming love story.

leave him for another guy.

The art style in the main story

of the comics is very visceral and

graphic, particularly during death scenes, where the violence is ex- aggerated almost to the point of ridiculousness. In scenes without action, the details are often a bit blurred or not particularly well-de- fined and the glare throughout the series is noticeably greater than is

typical for comics. This is definitely

a gory series, with graphic death

scenes meant to show how trivial and yet unflinchingly real death is to these characters. They also portray

Email Phishing

Steve Ardern Information Security Office

An email message arrives promising fabulous wealth or warning that, unless urgent ac-

tion is taken, bad things will hap-

sound familiar? This is the

typical setup of an email phishing attack.

What is email phishing? Email phishing attacks are,

unfortunately, nothing new to most people. Generally these are messages designed to attack or

trick potential victims. Typically, they contain an urgent message (“You must confirm your pass- word NOW!”) or a once-in-a-life- time offer (“The Prince of Nigeria would like to offer you $17.5 mil- lion”) and often claim to be from

a trusted source, like a school,

a bank, or other branded entity.

Clicking on the enclosed link will often open a malicious website that attempts to take over the user’s machine or allow the cyber criminals to harvest usernames and passwords. Sometimes the phishing message bears an in- fected attachment – which, if opened, will attempt to infect the computer. Next-generation spear phish-

ing. Like most things, phishing

evolved. The latest iteration uses

a much more targeted approach

called spear phishing. This is of- ten based on the wealth of per-

sonal information available for huge groups of people – much of it populated via social media channels like Facebook, Twitter, Google+, LinkedIn, blog posts, and so on. An example of such a cus- tomized attack is one against university students. The attack- ers filter through online, publicly available data to pick out any- one who seems to be attending higher education. The criminals may also cross-reference other

sources of garnered informa- tion, like email or username lists, against these same social media channels to further boost the ac- curacy of this process. The in- tention may be to induce a panic response by using a subject line hinting towards an urgent finan- cial aid alert, such as, “Click now or you will lose your financial aid eligibility.” Some students might immediately react to this stress- ful message and click through the link to resolve it. Cyber criminals take this to the next level by targeting the at- tack even further – for example, by focusing on Colorado School of Mines students, using the email address of the President, Provost, College Dean, De- partmental Head, or even other students. There is fantastic mo- tivation in receiving a message supposedly from a Departmental Head insisting that immediate action is needed! Fortunately, the more targeted

a campaign is, the more research effort the criminals need to in- vest. This used to be the over- riding reason why such attacks were not overly common. How- ever, due to the pace at which so many people are openly publish- ing personal information to the web, this limitation is becoming less and less burdensome; es-

pecially as the malefactors have become much more efficient at

extracting such data en masse.


From the perspective of phishing attackers, the more rel- evant a message appears, the more likely the user is to fall for the attack instead of ignoring or deleting the message. How to avoid being a victim. *Be suspicious of unsolicited emails claiming to be from a col- league, friend, or known institu- tion. Using known contact de- tails – never trust information in the message itself – verify that the claimed sender has sent this message. *Limit the personal and in- stitutional information posted through websites like Facebook, Google+, Twitter, and so on. *Be suspicious of any email that requires “immediate action”

– this is a common technique

used by criminals to rush people

into making mistakes. *Look out for spelling mis-

takes or obvious grammatical errors, especially if it is claiming to be from a company or other organization. *Be wary if a message says

it is from a larger institution, but uses a free email provider like gmail.com. All bigger organiza- tions possess a correctly brand- ed email address. *Check attachment type – it might be made to look like a PDF file, but actually be a ZIP or EXE.

*Be on the look-out for vague or plainly incorrect attachment names. If the message is about a financial aid alert with an attach- ment called ‘office_contacts_ v1.zip’, this does not add up. *Never follow links given in- side a message – always go di- rectly to the trusted website and navigate from there. *Hover over links included in the message – if the link desti- nation is different from where it says it should be going, this is very suspicious. *Check the full URL of any links within the message; some- times it might begin with familiar words, but www.amazon.com. zzzzygl.biz is NOT Amazon’s website! *Always try to verify where shortened URLs link to, e.g. http://t.co/0123456789 in Twit- ter. Sometimes these shortened links are effectively used to mask

a malicious destination from ca-

sual users. *Have up-to-date security software, like the Symantec anti- virus package available from ccit. mines.edu/Software (at no cost for Mines’ students, faculty, or staff). Upon being victimized At work or school, report the incident to appropriate organiza- tional people, e.g. to Mines Help Center, http://helpdesk.mines. edu. If financial data may have been compromised, contact the financial institution and watch for any unauthorized charges or activity. Change passwords that

have been revealed – if the same password is used in multiple places, change all occurrences. Watch for other signs of identity theft – this will be covered in a follow-up article. Overall, trust that if a mes- sage seems too good to be true or brings threats of imminent doom, there is a good chance it’s a phishing email. If necessary, verify the proposed sender; or

just ignore and delete.


page 10


october 7, 2013

Volleyball victory

Chris Robbins

Staff Writer

After a solid win on Tuesday night vs. Johnson & Wales, the Lady Ore- diggers volleyball team continued their winning ways this weekend with victories over Black Hills State and Chadron State. Friday night’s contest placed 19th ranked Mines against the Black Hills State Yellow Jackets. The Oredig- gers took a firm hold early on in the first game and never let up, winning 25-16. Game two was tightly con- tested in the early goings, with nei- ther team gaining more than a two point lead. However, Mines broke the game open on a 4-1 run that gave them the 18-11 lead late in the game. From there it was a back-and-forth contest until a Melanie Wannamaker block ended the game at 25-19 in favor of Mines. CSM was given a scare in the final game, as the Jackets jumped out to an early 12-7 lead. The Ore- diggers managed to fight back, but it was indeed a fight, as the game was tied four different times with two

lead changes from that point on. A kill

by freshman Ashlyn Eitemiller sealed

the game for Mines 25-23, giving the Orediggers the 3-0 win. Saturday night put CSM against RMAC foe Chadron State, and, de- spite their winless conference record, the Eagles gave the Orediggers a bit of a test. Mines handled the first game

well with a comfortable 25-17 win, but game two was a different story. In

a tight-knit game that saw the largest lead for either team be a mere three points, the Eagles prevailed 26-24 to

tie the match up at one game apiece.

The third game was full of momen- tum shifts and streaks of points for both teams as Chadron State kicked things off with a 5-2 opening run, only to be outdone by Mines which went on an 11-3 run of their own. The Eagles fought back within one point on several occasions through- out the rest of the game, but could never quite complete the comeback, as the Orediggers prevailed 25-22. In the decisive fourth game, CSM took control early and never let up, cruis- ing to a 25-11 game win and a 3-1 match win. Melanie Wannamaker shined of- fensively in both games, totalling 38 kills across the weekend. Alanna Winfield and Sarah Pekarek also had strong showings on offense, with 29 and 27 kills respectively over the two matches. Danielle Johnson-Hazle- wood was the Orediggers’ defensive standout of the weekend with 37 to- tal digs. Riding a four game winning streak, the Lady Orediggers will look to keep up their success this week with three consecutive road matches against CSU-Pueblo, Adams State, and Western State. The first of these contests kicks off at 7 pm on Thurs- day, October 10th in Pueblo.

CSM falls to NMH

Chris Robbins

Staff Writer

After a strong showing last weekend against New Mexico Highlands in this year’s Home- coming Game, the Oredigger foot- ball team stumbled on the road

this week, losing a tight contest to Western New Mexico 25-22. Mines started off the game well, taking their opening pos- session 50 yards down the field to set up an Avery Llewellyn 42- yard field goal. However, WNM re- sponded quickly, taking their first drive 75 yards down the field into the Mines end zone. The CSM de- fense managed to block the extra point attempt, but still the Oredig- gers were down 6-3. Both schools traded unproductive drives the rest of the quarter, leaving Mines still down by three after the first 15 minutes of play. Less than 30 seconds into the second quarter, Western New Mexico completed a long 49-yard pass, which set up a six-yard touchdown run, giving the Mus- tangs the 12-3 lead after the extra point attempt was missed. Matt Brown and Tevin Champagne led the offense down the field on the following drive, resulting in a 32- yard Llewellyn field goal that cut the Mustang lead to six points. Each team swapped unsuccess- ful drives once again, until WNM strung together a 13-play, 78-yard touchdown drive just before half- time. The CSM defense stepped up and blocked their second ex- tra point attempt on the night, but still the Orediggers went into the locker room down 18-6. Quarter number three saw a tight defensive struggle with nei- ther side willing to budge. Howev- er, the Mustangs managed to find

a hole in the Oredigger defense

and exploited it for a 93-yard touchdown pass. WNM was finally

able to convert an extra point, and the Orediggers went into the final quarter trailing 25-6. CSM was able to find the en- dzone quickly at the start of the quarter as Joe Schneider punched the ball into the endzone from the one-yard line a mere 18 seconds out of the break. Mines attempt- ed a two point conversion, but Schneider’s pass fell incomplete, and the Orediggers were down 25-12. After a strong defensive showing quickly gave possession back to the offense, Schneider led the team deep into Mustang territory, but came up short on a dropped fourth down pass. They would get another chance after another short Mustang drive, and despite going 90 yards down the

field on 24 plays, the Orediggers were stopped at the WNM two- yard line after falling just short on fourth and goal. Though the game seemed out of reach, the Oredigger defense stepped up and gave the team life again, forcing a Mustang safety with just over two minutes left in the game. Down 25-14, the Mines offense had one last drive to keep themselves in the ballgame, and they capitalized on it. In just over

a minute, Schneider marched the

offense 63 yards down the field for the touchdown. Schneider con- nected with Jimmy Ellis for the

two point conversion, and with 41 seconds left in the game, the Ore- diggers found themselves down 25-22, only three points. The fate of the game would come down to an Avery Llewellyn onside kick, but the Mustangs recovered and ran out the clock, ending Mines’ great comeback attempt. CSM will look to rebound from this tough loss next week when they return home to host Fort

Lewis. That game kicks off at noon on Saturday, October 12th on Campbell Field here in Golden.

Volleyball defeats JWU

Jared Riemer

Content Manager

The No. 19 Colorado School of Mines volleyball team (9-4) needed just an hour and five minutes to dispose of Johnson & Wales (8-13) Tuesday night. Win- ning all three sets by a combined score of 75-36, Mines dominated play, only trailing once during three sets. The first set saw Mines grab an early 3-0 lead and the clos- est Johnson & Wales got was 5-7 early in the first set. From that point on Mines only lost four of the last 21 points. At one point, the Lady Orediggers took eight straight points leading a set score

of 25-9.

The second saw Johnson & Wales take the early 2-0 lead, but Mines scored six straight to take the lead at 2-6 and never looked back. The Orediggers had anoth- er run of six straight points later on in the match and coasted to the 25-12 victory for a two sets to none lead in the match. The third and final set was very much the same as the two before it. Mines took the early 3-0 point lead and even though JWU got to within two points at 7-9, Mines was never in trouble of losing and took the set 25-15 for the set vic- tory, their sixth straight match vic- tory of the year. It was another stellar perfor-

mance by the Lady Orediggers, who recorded a .404 team kill

percentage and had 48 total digs,

47 total assists, and 10 blocks.

Melanie Wannamaker lead the team with 14 kills on just 19 at- tempts for a .684 attack percent- age, and added five blocks and two aces. Danielle Johnson-Ha- zlewood, coming off her second RMAC Setter of the Week award, chipped in with 44 assists, two blocks, two kills, and two aces. Alanna Winfield added 13 kills on

a .333 kill percentage, and Han-

nah Margheim led the team with

17 digs. Both Sarah Pekarek and

Megan Peterson had seven kills apiece, and Cassie Vick added seven digs of her own.

Soccer continues streak

Jared Riemer

Content Manager

The No. 8 Colorado School of Mines women’s soccer team continued their excellent season Friday night at home against New Mexico Highlands. Winning by a score of 3-0, the Lady Orediggers

dismantled their opponent in frigid

30 degree weather. Mines (8-0-

1, 5-0-0 RMAC) continued their record 23-game unbeaten streak and recorded their seventh shut- out this season. Both teams started out well despite the cold, but Mines looked like the better team early, outshooting NMHU 11-5 in the first half. In the forty-first minute,

Anna Evans finally broke through for the Lady Orediggers scoring from seven yards out, with Ra- chael Turner supplying the assist on the goal. The 1-0 halftime advantage would prove to be enough for the Orediggers, but they added two more for insurance. Continu- ing to take shots on goal, Mines once again had the advantage in shots taking 10 to just two by NMHU in the second stanza. In the seventy-fifth minute, Anna Ev- ans scored again, this time sneak-

ing it just under the crossbar with

a left-footed bullet from 26 yards

out. Jordan Hopper supplied Ev- ans with the pass from the cor- ner. Less than four minutes later,

Mines scored again, but this time

it was Jaclyn Knott. Knott took a

short cross from Michelle Tera- mura and slipped the ball past a charging NMHU goalkeeper, from about 14 out. For the game, Mines recorded 9 of their 21 shots on goal, scor- ing three. Evans had seven shots on goal, converting two, and is tied for second place in the RMAC with 11 points and 5 goals on the season. Jayln Yates saved five shots to preserve another shut- out. Yates has allowed only two goals this season.

The Lady Orediggers con- tinue their outstanding season at home this Friday against Colorado Mesa.

Men defeat CSU-Pueblo

Jared Riemer

Content Manager

The Colorado School of Mines men’s soccer team defeated the Colorado State-Pueblo Thunder- Wolves for the second time this year to sweep the season series. The final score was 2-1, led by two early goals from senior and leading scorer, Tesho Akindele. Mines, now 6-1-1 (4-1-0 RMAC), controlled the pace in the first half and outshot the Thun- derWolves 11-5. Akindele gave the Orediggers the early 1-0 lead in the seventh minute off of a free kick into the upper left corner of the goal. Just under 16 minutes later, Akindele netted the second Ore-

digger goal from the top of the box off a pass from Chayce Moniz, for his conference-leading eighth goal

of the season. The last 22 minutes

of the second quarter were quiet compared to the first 23 save for a

yellow card on Tannor Randle. The score at the half was 2-0. The ThunderWolves came out of halftime with a new-found fire, forcing the Orediggers to take the defensive. CSU-Pueblo took seven shots in the first 30 minutes of the half and their persistence paid off when Mines committed a foul within the 18 yard box giving CSU-Pueblo a penalty kick in the seventy-ninth minute which they subsequently converted. That was all a comeback the home team

could muster though, as the stifling Oredigger defense closed the final

11 minutes of the game out to take

the 2-1 victory. Goalie Colin Baker only had to make one save in the contest, and as a team, Mines outshot CSU- Pueblo 16-12, but were outshot 7-5 in the second stanza. There were three yellow cards in the con- test and only 14 fouls, 8 for Mines and 6 for CSU-Pueblo. Akindele now has 20 points on the season (8 goals and 4 assists), and Moniz recorded his second assist of the year. The Orediggers played Sunday, and continue their homestand this Friday against Adams State at 5:00 pm.

CSM golf comes up short

Chris Robbins

Staff Writer

The top-ranked Colorado School of Mines golf team had a

rough time at the Golfweek Divi- sion II Fall Invitational in Oregon this week, finishing the tourna- ment 11th out of 15 competing schools and 53 strokes behind champion California State-Mon- terey Bay. Senior Kyle Grassel was the Orediggers’ highest fin- isher, ending up tied for 26th and

16 shots behind winner Brandon

Hortt of CSU-Monterey Bay. After shooting a 325 in round one, Mines was tied with UC-Col- orado Springs for tenth at 37 over par. After some improvement cut

the team’s second round score down to 309 (+21), the Oredig- gers left the course Monday tied for ninth at 58 over par with Western Washington. Tuesday’s final round went about as well, as a 312 team score gave the team

an overall 946 (+82) for the tour- nament, which placed the Ore- diggers 11th in the event. Senior Kyle Grassel led all Mines golfers, as strong show- ings in the final two rounds (83- 75-75-233, +17) placed him in

a tie for twenty-sixth out of the

field of 75. Junior Jordan Arndt finished in thirtieth place after three consistent rounds (78-78- 78-234, +18), while John Ahern (79-78-80-237, +21) finished tied

for thirty-seventh. Senior Michael Lee (85-78-79-242, +26) was forced to overcome a rough first round, but rebounded in his last two rounds to finish tied for fifty- first, and Kyle Miley (88-84-80- 252, +36) ended the tournament in a tie for seventy-first. After facing tough competi- tion from around the nation at this event, the Mines golfers will return to Golden and have sev- eral days off before they compete again. Their next tournament is

much closer to home; this time in Pueblo for the CSU-Pueblo Invitational, the team’s second RMAC tournament of the season. That event tees off on Monday, October 14th.


october 7, 2013


page 11

october 7, 2013 opinion/satire page 11   Ethics Across Campus Minds at Mines The Demand for
october 7, 2013 opinion/satire page 11   Ethics Across Campus Minds at Mines The Demand for

Ethics Across Campus

Minds at Mines

The Demand for Liberal Arts Skills


Favorite element


Brian Zaharatos

problem-solving skills, critical think-

more clearly about whatever topic one chooses to study, including

Guest Writer

ing, etc.—fall very nicely under the


category of a liberal arts (or humani-

STEM topics. Though it is no fault

Katerina Gonzales Content Manager


In the September 30, 2013 is-

ties) education. Although there has been a decline in liberal arts majors


their own, I have no doubt that


my freshman students would have



recent years, Grewcock’s remarks


much easier time understanding


sue of the Oredigger, Jordan Francis reported on a wonderful interview that he conducted with Kiewit CEO Bruce Grewcock. In this interview, Grewcock suggested that, in ad- dition to a working knowledge of STEM skills (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics), Mines students who wish to be- come successful engineers ought to develop proficient critical thinking and communication skills. Francis writes:

Grewcock said that to success- fully interact with necessary and helpful non-technical people [people not well-versed in STEM fields], stu- dents and professionals must learn certain skills that are rarely taught in school. He claims that engineers need to learn to broaden their in- terests and perspectives, develop communication skills, and ask peo- ple’s opinions. Grewcock conveyed that he believes that these skills, in conjunction with a good sense of ethics, can help engineers both on a personal and industry-wide level. This advice is wonderful, though, to say that these skills are not taught in schools is probably inaccurate. The skillset being described by Grewcock—understanding ethics, diverse perspectives, the devel- opment of communication skills,


The Mines campus is one of the few settings where nerds can talk about their favorite elements. Some are practical, such as nitrogen, oxy- gen, and carbon, while others are favorites of the explosive-loving stu- dents. Some elements are favorites purely because of their name, such as krypton. This week, Minds at Mines went around campus asking, “What is your favorite element and why?”

reinforce the fact that a liberal arts

some of the more difficult topics

education—the rigorous study of philosophy, political science, English, history, etc.—is invaluable. Further,

his remarks reflect a more general


calculus I (e.g., the Intermediate

Value Theorem, the formal ‘epsilon-

delta’ definition of a limit) if they had the opportunity to be exposed to

trend among the desires of employ- ers. For example, according to a recent report by the “Chronicle of Higher Education,” “160 employers and 107 college presidents agreed to help the public understand the

importance of a ‘21st-century liber- al-arts education,’ comprising broad and adaptive learning, personal and social responsibility, and intellectual skills.”[1] In another article in “Busi- ness Insider” titled “Eleven reasons to Ignore the Haters and Major in the Humanities,” Max Nisan claims that


more rigorous study of logic (a

Helium because it is number 1. Julia Hawn Cesium because it makes a huge ex-
Helium because it is number 1.
Julia Hawn
Cesium because it makes a huge ex-
Holly Weyand

branch of philosophy) sometime during their education. Although Mines is well known for its great STEM education, the school also has a fantastic Division of Liberal Arts and International Studies (LAIS). While focusing on and majoring in STEM fields, Mines students can successfully develop some of the skills mentioned by Grewcock by choosing a minor in LAIS, or by applying to the McBride Honors Program. There is no doubt


liberal arts education, among oth-

that the skills acquired through these programs can enrich the edu- cation experience of Mines students while at the same time make them

more attractive on the job market.

er things, actually teaches one how

to think (as opposed to what facts to memorize), how to sell ideas, and how to successfully deal with



For more information on these op- portunities, visit lais.mines.edu.


My personal experience with the

liberal arts (undergraduate, gradu- ate, and teaching work in philoso- phy) has been nothing short of pure




joy. To the extent that I am a clear thinker (perhaps a topic of debate!),






have the study of philosophy to


thank. Philosophy helps one think


Testing Safety Briefing
Testing Safety Briefing


aside from emergencies, their use

lator and equation sheet to the ones



strictly prohibited during testing.

that are forbidden. If you are found

Tungsten. It’s unique. It’s like W for no reason. Matt Walderston I like neon because
Tungsten. It’s unique. It’s like
W for no reason.
Matt Walderston
I like neon because it reminds me
of the lights and they are pretty.
Blake Cross

Welcome to your common exam, and thank you for testing with the Physics Department. I will be your TA for the duration of this exam. Whether you have tested with us before, or this is your first time, please pay full attention to the following academic dishonesty briefing. There will be no beverage ser- vice, and outside beverages are not allowed. We apologize for this inconvenience. Bathrooms are lo- cated past the rear exits, but that knowledge is inherently futile since,

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page 12


october 7, 2013

page 12 crossword october 7, 2013 COURTESY ALBERICH CROSSWORDS ACROSS DOWN 1 Fruit drink (6,6) Greek





Fruit drink (6,6)

Greek hero lost doughty exterior, having swallowed ring of bone (7)



Member of Tinners’ Parliament

requires tin to be brought to a

height (9)

10 One is left nothing (5)

11 Terribly rude filth (6)

2 Give notice over conflict (5)

3 Turning traitor, initially, renegade

is produced (9)

4 Bristle at extremely egregious upset (4)


Operatic heroine gives thanks



Held aloft

plutonium? (8)

13 Ex-president of Yugoslavia doesn’t start in the usual manner


15 About-turn can be employed more than once (8)

18 The enemy’s returning old silk to

the front of the ship (8)

6 Part of plant could become pet- als with time (5)

7 Leaderless town in Beds is liable to flare up (8)

8 Writer embracing revolting militia

movement ends up in the soup (6)



Pupil has ordained learning


Turn over hotel heartlesly (6)

experience cut short, having no master (8)


The privileged can use it to pay

for diamond perhaps (4,4)

16 Browning in Australia, giving of-

fensive snub to a monarch? (9)


C-convexity of surface (6)



Attribute good character to a


Out of practice for a year (5)

church leader (8)


Birnam Wood marched to here?


Work out to keep or improve it

‘S absurd (9)



Drivers end up here, of course,


Old dish for 8 - could be cas-

having drunk up dry gin mix (7,5)

serole, we hear (7)

22 Shy bear we’re told - or another

animal (5)

24 Minor poet like Wordsworth?

Hardly! (5)

25 Nameless

enet’s opera gets beheaded (4)




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