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126

Key Indicators of Developing Asian and Pacific Countries

127

Indonesia
Item

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

001

POPULATION

151.31

154.66

158.08

161.58

164.63

168.35

172.01

175.59

179.14

179.25

182.94

186.04

189.14

192.22

194.76

198.32

201.35

204.39 *

001

002
003
004
005
006
007
008
009

LABOR FORCE b thousand; calendar year 60762


Employed
59123
Agriculture
36336
Manufacturing
4727
Mining
326
Others
17734
Unemployed
1639
Unemployment rate, %
2.7

59599
57803
31593
6022
391
19797
1796
3.0

58993
57811
32014
5339
405
20053
1182
2.0

61362
60084
33079
5565
411
21029
1278
2.0

63826
62458
34142
5796
416
22104
1368
2.1

70193
68338
37644
5606
...
25088
1855
2.6

72245
70403
38722
5818
...
25863
1842
2.5

74596
72518
40558
5997
...
25963
2078
2.8

75508
73425
41284
7335
449
24357
2083
2.8

77803
75851
42378
7693
528
25252
1952
2.5

78455
76423
41206
7946
565
26706
2032
2.6

80704
78518
42153
8255
525
27585
2186
2.7

81446
79200
40072
8784
653
29691
2246
2.8

85776
82039
37858
10841
741
32599
3738
4.4

86361
80110
35233
10127
643
34107
6251
7.2

90110
85702
37720
10773
774
36435
4408
4.9

91325
87050
35849
11215
897
39089
4275
4.7

92735
87672
39415
9934
675
37648
5063
5.5

002
003
004
005
006
007
008
009

010
011
012
013
014
015
016
017
018
019
020
021
022

NATIONAL ACCOUNTS c Bn Rupiah; calendar year


At Current Market Prices
GDP by Industrial Origin
58127
Agriculture
13698
Mining
13218
Manufacturing
7067
Electricity, gas and water
292
Construction
3500
Trade
8781
Transport and communications
2370
d
Finance
2900
Public administration
4203
Others
2099
Net factor income from abroad
-1930
GNP
56197

62476
15062
12153
7482
341
3769
9947
3164
3514
4706
2339
-1980
60496

77623
17765
16107
9896
314
4597
11419
4098
4714
5712
3001
-3283
74340

89885
20420
16938
13113
354
4757
13435
5051
5631
6470
3718
-4183
85702

96997
22513
13571
15503
396
5302
15417
6100
6271
7925
3999
-3941
93056

102683
24871
11503
17185
647
5314
17122
6407
7013
8307
4315
-4193
98490

124817
29116
17267
21150
747
6087
21048
7443
8144
8912
4903
-6022
118795

149669
33651
18200
29484
873
7219
25345
9884
9006
9846
6161
-6922
142748

179582
38894
22921
35441
1508
8991
30415
10936
12196
11574
6706
-8074
171508

210866
40930
25634
43569
1489
11795
35824
13362
16403
14322
7538
-9616
201251

249969
45636
31953
53379
1898
13762
41981
16968
20835
15218
8339
-10913
239056

282395
52746
30587
62016
2472
16878
47144
19714
23994
17399
9447
-12542
269853

329776
58953
31497
73556
3290
22513
55298
23249
28048
22458
10903
-12553
317223

382220
66072
33507
89241
4577
28017
63859
27353
34506
22755
12335
-10248
371971

454514
77896
40195
109689
5655
34452
75640
30795
39510
26555
14127
-13366
441148

532568
88792
46088
136426
6893
42025
87137
34926
43982
29753
16547
-14272
518296

625506
100151
54510
159748
7939
46181
103763
42232
58691
32128
20164
-18355
607151

989573 *
186483 *
127217 *
259564 *
11531 *
53841 *
147478 *
53639 *
81470 *
37250 *
31101 *
-53894 *
935679 *

010
011
012
013
014
015
016
017
018
019
020
021
022

023
024
025
026
027
028
029
030

Expenditure on GDP
Private consumption
Government consumption
Gross fixed capital formation
Increase in stocks
Exports of goods and services
Less: Imports of goods and services
Statistical discrepancy

58127
32293
6452
14135
3190
16177
14119

62476
37924
7209
15822
1583
15103
15186
20

77623
47063
8077
19468
2794
19847
19626

89885
54067
9122
20136
3406
22999
19845

96997
57201
10893
22367
4837
21534
19835

102683
63355
11329
24782
4243
20010
21036

124817
71989
11764
30980
8166
29874
27956

149669
89722
12756
38356
4815
35585
31566

179582
100234
15698
47706
10773
43614
38443

210866
124184
18649
59758
5032
53289
50046

249969
145540
20785
67488
12541
63865
60249

282395
157910
24731
72774
18737
78723
70481

329776
192958
29757
86667
10546
88231
78383

382220
228119
31014
105381
13327
101332
96953

454514
279876
35584
129218
15900
119593
125657

532568
332094
40299
157653
5800
137533
140812

625506
388722
42952
177700
17860
174871
176600

989573 *
681491 *
48737 *
206611 *
-23257 *
500653 *
424663 *

023
024
025
026
027
028
029
030

031
032
033
034
035
036
037
038
039
040
041
042
043

At Constant 1973 l 1983 l 1993 Prices


GDP by Industrial Origin
12055
Agriculture
3594
Mining
1069
Manufacturing
1878
Electricity, gas and water
90
Construction
720
Trade
2043
Transport and communications
677
d
Finance
590
Public administration
1076
Others
319
Net factor income from abroad
-674
GNP
11381

12325
3670
940
1901
106
758
2159
717
636
1115
326
-653
11673

I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I

77623
17765
16107
9896
314
4597
11419
4098
4714
5712
3001
-3283
74340

83037
18513
17120
12079
324
4394
11811
4443
5241
5997
3117
-3822
79216

85082
19300
15480
13431
361
4508
12399
4487
5481
6455
3180
-3846
81236

90081
19799
16309
14678
430
4609
13399
4668
6028
6862
3299
-3802
86278

94518
20224
16366
16235
495
4803
14356
4939
6313
7366
3422
-4248
90270

I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I

221407
49073
23241
43516
1850
11499
33963
15272
15574
18734
8685
-9429
211978

241521
51476
24832
48426
2100
13022
37714
16917
18317
19832
8885
-10091
231430

263262
53056
26628
54211
2508
15226
41725
18474
21479
20738
9218
-11397
251865

286765
54583
29969
59941
2720
17487
46669
20040
24309
21380
9670
-12508
274257

307474
58002
30461
66042
2961
19664
50344
21618
26164
22012
10207
-13351
294123

329776
58963
31497
73556
3290
22513
55298
23249
28048
22458
10903
-12553
317223

354641
59291
33262
82649
3703
25858
59504
25189
30901
22752
11533
-9730
344911

383792
61885
35502
91637
4292
29198
64231
27329
34313
23046
12360
-11924
371869

413798
63828
37739
102260
4877
32924
69475
29701
36384
23338
13272
-12487
401311

434096
64290
38386
108829
5499
35041
73504
32169
38730
23617
14033
-15463
418633

374719 *
64434 *
36788 *
94808 *
5702 *
21116 *
59572 *
28051 *
28372 *
21965 *
13910 *
-18172 *
356547 *

031
032
033
034
035
036
037
038
039
040
041
042
043

044
045
046
047
048
049
050
051

Expenditure on GDP
Private consumption e
Government consumption
Gross fixed capital formation
Increase in stocks
Exports of goods and services
Less: Imports of goods and services
Statistical discrepancy

12055
10350
1641
3219
...
1678
4833

12325
10698
1776
3637
...
1444
5229

I
I
I
I

77623
47063
8077
19468
2794
19847
19626

83037
48942
8353
18297
4452
21145
18151

85082
49448
8991
19616
6641
19495
19109

90081
50530
9241
21422
6333
22460
19906

94518
52200
9226
22597
5049
25745
20299

I
I
I
I

221407
123144
23080
52116
12650
53950
43533

241521
132330
25458
59891
12846
59566
48570

263262
155094
26689
69519
11133
59808
58981

286765
167455
28094
78488
9884
71702
68856

307474
172640
29702
81302
16125
82605
74900

329776
192958
29757
86667
10546
88231
78383

354641
208062
30443
98589
14836
97002
94291

383792
234245
30851
112386
15853
104492
114035

413798
257016
31681
128699
5873
112391
121863

434096
273917
31701
139725
7391
121158
139796

374719
265913
27147
82633
-2741
134050
132282

*
*
*
*
*
*
*

044
045
046
047
048
049
050
051

052
053
054
055

Investment Financing, at current prices


Gross domestic capital formation
17324
Gross national saving
17452
Gross domestic saving
19382
Net factor income from abroad
-1930

17406
15364
17343
-1980

22261
19199
22483
-3283

23543
22514
26697
-4183

27204
24961
28902
-3941

29025
23806
27999
-4193

39146
35043
41065
-6022

43171
40269
47191
-6922

58479
55576
63650
-8074

64790
58417
68033
-9616

80028
72731
83644
-10913

91512
87212
99754
-12542

97213
94508
107061
-12553

118707
112838
123086
-10248

145118
125687
139054
-13366

163453
145902
160174
-14272

195560
175477
193832
-18355

183355
205451
259345
-53894

*
*
*
*

052
053
054
055

million; as of 1 July

I
I
I

I
I
I

128

Key Indicators of Developing Asian and Pacific Countries

129

Indonesia
Item

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

384160
371404

403955
391154

491035
470266

556288
530402

589181
565243

609935
585032

725638
690628

852379
812959

1002466
957395

1176380
1122738

1366397
1306743

1517926
1450508

1743554
1677187

1988449
1935133

2333714
2265085

2685397
2613432

3106560
3015401

056
057

At Current Market Prices, Rupiah


Per capita GDP
Per capita GNP

058
059
060
061
062
063
064
065
066
067

PRODUCTION thousand metric tons; calendar year


Agriculture
1. Rice paddy
32774
2. Cassava
13301
3. Maize
4509
f
4. Palm oil
752
5. Copra
1765
6. Sugarcane
1194
7. Bananas
2508
8. Sweet potatoes
2094
9. Soya beans
704
10.Peanuts
475

33584
12988
3235
834
1587
1609
2036
1676
521
437

35303
12103
5087
891
1590
1572
1781
2213
536
460

38136
14167
5288
1080
1738
1500
1992
2157
769
535

39033
14057
4330
1159
1895
1767
1909
2161
870
528

39727
13312
5920
1351
1975
2013
2079
2091
1227
642

40078
14356
5156
1381
2099
2086
2100
2013
1161
533

41676
15471
6652
1609
2144
2004
1860
2159
1270
589

44726
17117
6193
1860
2221
2071
2192
2224
1315
620

45179
15830
6734
2097
2332
2173
2411
1971
1487
651

44688
15954
6256
1844
2478
2233
2472
2039
1555
652

48240
16516
7995
2186
2511
2345
2651
2171
1870
739

48181
17285
6460
2288
2515
2336
2876
2088
1709
639

46641
15729
6869
1930
...
2421
3134
1845
1565
632

49744
15441
8246
2476
...
2105
3805
2171
1680
760

51101
17002
9307
2570
...
2160
3023
2017
1517
738

068
069
070

Mining
1. Copper ore concentrates
2. Nickel ore
3. Tin ore concentrates

188.5
1543.2
35.4

223.7
1640.9
33.8

205.0
1278.0
26.6

190.3
1066.8
23.2

232.4
955.6
21.8

251.2
1533.1
24.9

258.8
1860.5
26.2

293.7
1733.2
29.6

324.6
2020.9
31.3

437.3
2217.4
30.4

656.5
2300.3
30.4

906.7
2511.6
28.2

928.2
1975.8
30.4

1065.5
2311.5
31.1

1516.6
2513.4
38.4

071
072
073

Manufacturing
1. Cement
2. Fertilizer
3. Paper

6844.2
2813.8
78.4

7417.6
2809.1
77.6

8095.1
3201.5
70.2

8893.2
4005.4
84.6

9939.7
5264.0
96.7

11322.3
5713.9
110.5

11860.6
6476.4
121.5

12001.2
6302.5
948.2

15659.4
6692.9
1149.0

15783.0
7012.1
1339.7

16153.4
6568.2
1644.0

17279.8
6577.2
2222.6

18990.0
6944.2
2489.3

21907.3
6641.0
3054.0

074
075

Production Indexes period averages


Agriculture, 1989-91 = 100
Manufacturing, 1983l 1993 = 100

68.0
93.0

66.6
93.4

72.8
100.0

79.3
104.8

81.5
112.6

86.1
128.4

87.1
143.5

92.3
164.2

96.7
184.1

101.1
209.4

102.2
232.3

110.7
257.9

076
077
078
079

ENERGY annual values


Crude petroleum, 000 m.t.
Production
Exports
Imports
Consumption

78848
50130
2676
26315

65818
56070
4183
24642

66128
51313
3371
25051

68518
45779
5533
21145

67710
39185
3655
20908

71012
44454
3794
20593

64625
39134
3928
21982

66212
36654
4310
23071

69323
39147
4643
24588

73071
47487
6351
27801

79605
53175
5636
30097

75683
49234
7109
34048

080
081
082
083

Coal, 000 m.t.


Production
Exports
Imports
Consumption

350
157
5
273

481
211
3
313

648
424
1
268

1468
882

66

1492
1080
662
1358

1725
999
1272
3031

1887
893
2077
3071

3669
1307
1035
3036

8711
2197
1299
5213

10532
4196
621
5674

14143
6667
673
6074

084
085
086
087

Natural gas, terajoules


Production
Exports
Imports
Consumption

652150
422980
...
189170

646348
443760
...
202588

773139
423583
...
229409

940480
757150
...
253330

937377
792202
...
250500

1119657
808135
...
276522

1079657
826291
...
263366

1219657
853383
...
307700

1462449
887971
...
484478

1578536
1087516
...
500320

088
089

Electricity, Mn kWh
Production
Consumption

9885
9885

12144
12144

15232
15232

18432
18432

20939
20939

23583
23583

22305
17076

25622
19993

29570
23937

090
091

Retail prices, Rp/litre


Gasoline, premium
Diesel

240
75

240
75

320
125

350
200

385
220

385
200

385
200

385
200

385
200

175.5
175.4
79.2
482.2

192.1
185.8
84.6
506.9

214.7
202.8
100.0
100.0

237.2
222.8
111.0
108.2

248.4
228.2
116.2
114.0

262.9
247.8
115.9
114.0

287.3
275.1
141.5
132.1

310.4
310.7
149.3
67.6

092
093
094
095

PRICE INDEXES period averages


Consumer ( Apr 77-Mar 78 l
Apr 88-Mar 89 I 1996= 100) g
Food
Wholesale, 1983 = 100
Implicit GDP deflator,
1973 l 1983 l 1993 = 100

330.3 I
335.6 I
161.9
74.4

1998

4841593 *
4577912 *

056
057

49337
15134
8771
2981
...
2167
2800
1847
1357
688

48472
14728
10059
...
...
...
...
1928
1306
691

058
059
060
061
062
063
064
065
066
067

1758.9
3426.9
51.0

1840.7
2829.9
55.2

2623.0
2723.0
54.0

068
069
070

24097.0
7611.7
3426.8

24976.0
7813.2
4013.8

...
12021.1
...

...
7028.3
...

071
072
073

112.3
117.6

119.7
130.5

122.1
139.1

119.2
157.4

119.9
...

074
075

76274
48863
8877
34521

80274
53301
6699
35178

80521
53000
8151
36904

76250
49644
8699
39740

76000
49603
9493
44685

...
...
...
...

076
077
078
079

23120
15915
454
7099

27585
18717
511
7832

31238
24170
301
7871

41517
30862
644
8947

47339
36382
412
11278

52074
41334
...
13273

60321
46348
449
14422

080
081
082
083

1819419
1170920
...
573499

1989128
1091923
...
720216

2061941
1116487
...
827121

2289298
1218046
...
828566

2443600
1171428
...
1027139

...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...

084
085
086
087

34868
27741

38737
31481

41934
34979

46719
38962

53379
44667

61111
51017

69004
58663

58875
50226

77438
65349

088
089

450
235

550
285

700
285

700
380

700
380

700
380

700
380

700
380

1009
420

090
091

112.5
109.5
178.1
80.1

123.0
118.3
187.1
87.2

132.3
127.4
196.8
91.8

145.1
136.3
204.1
100.0

157.4
151.1
215.2
107.8

172.3
171.1
239.7
118.4

185.9
187.4
258.0
128.7

106.2
108.7
281.7
144.1

168.3
209.2
569.0
264.1

092
093
094
095

111.6
286.7 I

I
I

130

Key Indicators of Developing Asian and Pacific Countries

131

Indonesia
Item

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

096
097
098
099
100
101
102
103
104
105
106

MONEY AND BANKING Bn Rupiah ; as of end of period


Money supply (M1)
6485
7121
Currency in circulation
2557
2934
Demand deposits h
3928
4187
Quasi-money
3231
3954
Money supply (M2)
9716
11075
Foreign assets (net)
6811
5565
Domestic credit
5651
8846
Claims on govt. sector (net)
-443
534
Claims on private sector
6094
8312
Claims on other financial insts.

Other items i
-2746
-3336

7569
3333
4236
7094
14663
8837
9744
-939
10683

-3918

8581
3712
4869
9356
17937
12368
10345
-3984
14329

-4776

10104
4440
5664
13049
23153
14119
13975
-3687
17662

-4941

11677
5338
6339
15984
27661
15989
19243
-2966
22209

-7571

12685
5782
6903
21200
33885
18433
27755
-699
28454

-12303

14392
6246
8146
27606
41998
17884
39730
207
39523

-15616

20114
7426
12688
38590
58704
18293
62131
476
61655

-21720

23819
9094
14725
60811
84630
16122
93142
-4322
97464

-24634

26341
9346
16995
72717
99058
23621
112154
-5573
117727

-36717

28779
11478
17301
90274
119053
30634
126612
-6372
132984

-38193

36805
14431
22374
108397
145202
29700
159077
-4137
163214

-43575

45374
18634
26740
129138
174512
25272
191751
-9308
201059

-42511

52677
20807
31870
169961
222638
32626
233088
-15345
248433

-43076

64089
22487
41602
224543
288632
50641
286725
-13476
300201

-48734

78343
28424
49919
277300
355643
67985
407301
-24931
432232

-119643

101197
41394
59803
476184
577381
141667
524235
-1029
525264

-88531

096
097
098
099
100
101
102
103
104
105
106

107
108
109
110

Deposit Money Banks


Demand deposits j
Savings deposits
Time deposits
Domestic credits outstanding

111
112
113

Interest Rates percent; period averages


On deposits
Savings l
Time: 6 months m
12 months

3847
2033

4134
2491

4177
4693

4817
6387

5560
9607

6128
11355

6676
16230

8032
20939

12513
30518

14532
46150

16752
52632

16997
67560

21987
82953

26398
98372

31530
130891

41172
174968

49543
186311

59379
358649

7853

10622

13648

19079

22729

27542

34837

46340

69614

105441

125790

141619

173494

210701

259027

315728

408357

540275

107
108
109
110

15
6
9

15
6
9

15
20
18

15
18
19

15
17
19

15
15
16

15
18
18

15
18
18

15
18
19

15
20
19

15
23
23

15
18
19

15
13
14

15
13
13

15
17
16

14
17
17

18
17
16

...
...
...

111
112
113

14433
13914
519
8412
6021

9899
-9899
-3878

15905
15218
687
9429
6476

9952
-9952
-3476

19253
17761
1492
11951
7302

10873
-10873
-3571

16141
13984
2157
12641
3500

6716
-6716
-3216

20803
18826
1977
14021
6782

11122
-11122
-4340

23004
21435
1569
15035
7969

11399
-11399
-3430

28740
26678
2062
18359
10381

12836
-12836
-2455

39546
37431
2115
23145
16401

18191
-18191
-1790

41585
39098
2487
22932
18653

20440
-20440
-1787

48863
45423
3440
25799
23064

26259
-26259
-3195

56113
49168
6945
30128
25985

27705
-27705
-1720

66418
57980
8439
34008
32410

28599
-28599
3811

80412
72829
7583
36037
44375
15
30686
-30671
10085

92741
82287
10453
49217
43524
30
29404
-29376
7648

115890
104299
11591
68274
47616
32
31750
-31719
8748

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122

3882

3478

3572

-1502
4718

1824
2516

-101
3531

-4
2459

-2
1792

-2
1789

551
2634

1852
-132

-1495
-2316

-8408
-1677

-3961
-3687

-3550
-5198

...

-4

-2

-1

...

123
124
125
126

123
124
125
126

GOVERNMENT FINANCE Bn Rupiah; fiscal year beginning 1 April


Central Government
Current revenue
12213
12418
Taxes
11876
11983
n
Non-taxes
337
435
Current expenditure
6978
6996
Current surplus/deficit
5236
5421
Capital receipts

Capital expenditure
6940
7360
Capital account surplus/deficit
-6940
-7360
Overall surplus/deficit
-1705
-1938
Financing
Domestic borrowing

Foreign borrowing
1709
1940
Foreign grants
Use of cash balances
-5
-2

127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140

Expenditure by Function, Central Govt.


Total o
General public services p
Defence
Education
Health
Social security and welfare
Housing and community amenities q
Economic services
Agriculture r
Industry
Electricity, gas and water s
Transport and communications t
Other economic services u
Others

141
142
143

EXTERNAL TRADE
Exports, fob
Imports, cif
Trade balance

114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122

6907
330
566
726
286

8165
437
477
704
259

9899
676
526
1032
279

9952
414
702
1231
320

10873
660
590
1413
398

8332
396
554
1184
326

9477
316
514
1181
225

12251
900
555
1606
338

13834
521
720
1507
470

19452
805
996
2052
723

24539
866
1023
2161
777

27137
867
1204
2608
1036

29870
1100
2590
2718
1159

29703
1297
2151
3021
1333

32762
1237
2682
3073
2694

37084
1808
3996
3571
1583

62681
2012
17731
4609
1252

...
...
...
...
...

866
4133
1106
528
828
806
865

963
5325
1929
506
1165
876
849

1051
6335
1106
512
2299
1528
890

1121
6164
1929
603
1148
1428
1056

1333
6479
1381
963
1673
1484
978

1348
4524
1063
465
1176
1131
689

1407
5834
2137
215
1206
1598
678

1664
7188
1836
447
2074
2012
819

1948
8668
2523
400
1418
3006
1321

2751
10125
2848
547
1874
3744
1112
2000

4053
14159
2112
1061
2452
5651
2883
1500

5299
16123
2383
1244
4640
6648
1208

5781
16522
2855
968
3983
7193
1523

6938
14963
2812
540
3806
6349
1456

8034
15042
2645
843
3074
5841
2639
...

8899
17227
3142
781
3808
6845
2651
...

10447
26630
5118
1318
6483
10999
2712
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140

Mn US dollars; calendar year


22260
13272
8988

22328
16859
5469

21146
16354
4792

21888
13882
8006

18587
10260
8327

14805
10718
4087

17136
12370
4766

19219
13248
5971

22159
16360
5799

25675
21837
3838

29142
25870
3272

33967
27305
6662

36823
28328
8495

40053
31984
8070

45418
40629
4789

49815
42929
6886

53444
41680
11764

48848
27337
21511

141
142
143

132

Key Indicators of Developing Asian and Pacific Countries

133

Indonesia
Item

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153

Exports, by SITC section


Food and live animals
Beverage and tobacco
Crude materials excl. fuels
Mineral fuels, etc.
Animal, vegetable oil and fats
Chemicals
Basic manufactures
Machines, transport equipment
Misc. manufactured goods
Unclassified goods

929
54
2208
17764
129
64
777
154
121
60

905
42
1581
18408
133
61
817
180
141
60

1093
48
1650
16153
149
119
1350
133
213
238

1368
44
1762
16045
175
170
1565
223
372
164

1383
49
1403
12757
414
210
1804
98
437
31

1774
69
1473
8310
166
260
1984
63
678
29

1684
72
1926
8582
290
251
3267
57
732
275

2001
69
2661
7723
540
346
4281
126
1154
318

2073
115
1885
8760
458
489
6176
196
1748
259

2286
136
1725
11241
423
596
6102
351
2690
125

2533
155
1998
11172
562
810
7195
638
3928
151

2464
218
2259
11275
762
755
9183
1318
5575
158

2923
193
2554
10391
848
829
9668
2206
7031
180

3558
137
3235
10524
1374
1010
9470
3048
7550
147

3583
196
5035
11508
1384
1524
10438
3828
7876
46

3767
229
5082
12860
1577
1726
10796
4999
8688
90

3533
252
4358
13154
2283
1876
9702
4624
6942
6719

3718
258
3720
9429
1521
2091
8773
4656
6659
8023

144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153

154
155
156
157
158

Exports, by principal commodity


1. Petroleum and products
2. Plywood
3. Rubber
4. Shrimp, fresh and frozen
5. Coffee

18164
161
854
163
346

15493
270
608
181
342

13558
509
849
194
427

12477
668
955
196
565

9083
825
718
202
556

5501
1002
726
285
818

6157
1759
987
352
535

5042
2074
1212
499
550

6062
2351
1087
541
482

7404
2726
891
671
369

6714
2871
1025
759
363

6619
3231
1117
757
195

5693
4257
1107
872
320

6005
3716
1433
1005
697

6443
3462
2233
1032
596

7228
3595
2273
1016
589

6783
3411
2020
1008
504

4057
2078
1548
1007
579

154
155
156
157
158

159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168

Imports, by SITC section


Food and live animals
Beverage and tobacco
Crude materials excl. fuels
Mineral fuels, etc.
Animal, vegetable oil and fats
Chemicals
Basic manufactures
Machines, transport equipment
Misc. manufactured goods
Unclassified goods

1356
45
565
1727
29
1754
2518
4619
325
334

1074
51
609
3550
13
1804
2732
6260
376
390

1135
28
676
4150
12
1893
2352
5684
359
65

676
29
883
2705
52
2137
1885
5037
379
99

556
21
729
1288
36
1917
1718
3618
331
46

610
28
830
1107
18
1910
1668
4117
389
41

624
33
990
1144
97
2326
1785
4819
469
83

642
34
1205
959
177
2541
2062
5096
451
81

911
34
1674
1253
151
2873
2638
6182
634
10

852
54
1885
1937
25
3394
3553
9328
797
12

1081
74
2152
2323
41
3432
4139
11631
980
17

1274
89
2409
2104
149
3776
4668
11701
1095
15

1342
118
2428
2156
101
4045
4841
12158
1133
6

1897
142
2728
2425
104
4854
5222
13450
1145
16

3023
178
3643
3007
105
6251
6669
16290
1426
37

3931
220
3478
3670
102
6031
6630
17497
1367
3

2983
250
2979
4047
116
5913
6491
17573
1324
4

2612
94
2364
2687
47
4125
4541
9932
934
1

159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168

169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179

Direction of Trade Mn US dollars; calendar year


Exports, Total
23810
1. Japan
11416
2. United States
4360
3. Singapore
2320
4. Korea, Republic of
295
5. China, Peoples Republic of
8
6. Germany
258
7. Netherlands
368
8. Hong Kong, China
147
9. United Kingdom
136
10.Australia
454

22329
11193
3546
3121
611
14
253
265
145
126
674

21146
9678
4267
3128
327
27
252
289
182
199
208

21881
10353
4505
2126
595
8
246
332
261
168
275

18597
8594
4040
1626
656
84
255
392
348
191
149

14809
6644
2902
1239
356
139
334
453
345
197
159

17170
7393
3349
1449
674
343
361
493
420
213
310

19376
8088
3138
1656
849
492
456
646
554
349
297

21936
9252
3475
1809
907
535
487
679
529
371
372

25675
10923
3365
1902
1363
834
752
723
618
517
403

29178
10767
3509
2410
1948
1191
907
838
703
654
628

33967
10761
4419
3314
2083
1396
978
1100
881
844
746

36823
11172
5230
3372
2220
1249
1178
1086
900
1005
774

40028
11218
5965
4038
2604
1481
1370
1172
1248
1018
725

44956
12201
6341
3845
2891
1832
1410
1368
1617
1131
908

49873
12885
6795
4565
3281
2057
1489
1667
1625
1193
1202

53402 *
12543 *
7212 *
5304 *
3501 *
2329 *
1515 *
1661 *
1750 *
1267 *
1526 *

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179

180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190

Imports, Total
1. Japan
2. United States
3. Germany
4. Korea, Republic of
5. Singapore
6. Australia
7. China, Peoples Republic of
8. France
9. United Kingdom
10.Italy

13270
3989
1795
905
489
1243
362
254
345
547
96

16859
4279
2417
1193
304
2819
365
231
571
445
105

16351
3793
2534
741
388
3465
402
204
591
364
125

13880
3308
2560
820
214
1791
372
224
432
297
113

10275
2644
1721
677
205
839
461
249
284
300
101

10724
3128
1482
719
159
969
414
337
281
342
144

12850
3596
1415
836
268
1358
463
408
392
325
237

13489
3427
1734
908
441
896
579
410
479
342
251

16467
3832
2216
918
569
1038
944
537
411
359
351

22005
5455
2520
1527
992
1283
1206
653
662
441
410

25928
6327
3397
2067
1439
1698
1378
835
544
603
536

27280
6014
3822
2141
1894
1671
1413
752
816
719
558

28328
6248
3255
2072
2103
1793
1399
936
853
782
523

31991
8029
3693
2256
2382
1779
1621
1312
788
686
665

40799
9863
4579
2810
2637
2259
2041
1586
1085
902
830

42959
8504
5060
3001
2411
2875
2535
1598
1006
1118
1212

42849 *
8484 *
5671 *
2816 *
2478 *
3466 *
2444 *
1638 *
1111 *
1094 *
912 *

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190

191
192

Trade Indexes 1983 = 100; period averages


Quantum index
Exports
...
Imports
...

...
...

...
...

...
...

...
...

...
...

118.3
...

127.6
...

148.2
...

155.4
...

174.1
...

277.0
...

324.3
...

411.8
...

...
...

...
...

...
...

...
...

191
192

193
194

Unit value index


Exports
Imports

...
...

100.0
100.0

97.6
95.0

91.6
83.5

64.0
72.7

64.9
74.8

72.7
99.9

81.8
115.9

92.7
113.9

91.0
121.7

83.2
121.9

90.3
124.6

77.3
115.8

...
...

...
...

...
...

...
...

193
194

...
...

134

Key Indicators of Developing Asian and Pacific Countries

135

Indonesia
Item

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

...

195

Terms of trade

...

100.0

102.7

109.7

88.0

86.9

72.8

70.6

81.4

74.8

68.3

72.5

66.8

...

...

...

...

195

196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213

BALANCE OF PAYMENTS Mn US dollars; calendar year


Merchandise exports, fob
23348
19747
Merchandise imports, fob
-16542
-17854
Trade Balance
6806
1893
Other goods, services and income
-7622
-7351
Credit
1530
1527
Debit
-9152
-8878
Unrequited transfers
250
134
Private
0
0
Official
250
134
Current balance
-566
-5324
Direct investment
133
225
Portfolio investment
47
315
Other long-term capital
1971
4556
Other short-term capital
-290
526
Net errors and omissions
-1669
-2151
Overall balance
-374
-1853
Allocation of SDRs
62

Monetary movements
312
1853

18689
-17726
963
-7415
1177
-8592
114
10
104
-6338
292
368
4663
731
467
183

-183

20754
-15047
5707
-7730
1398
-9128
167
53
114
-1856
222
-10
2769
476
-620
981

-981

18527
-12705
5822
-7833
1612
-9445
88
61
27
-1923
310
-35
1605
-98
651
510

-510

14396
-11938
2458
-6628
1576
-8204
259
71
188
-3911
258
268
2356
1295
-1269
-1003

1003

17206
-12532
4674
-7029
1626
-8655
257
86
171
-2098
385
-88
2214
970
-753
630

-630

19509
-13831
5678
-7329
1861
-9190
254
99
155
-1397
576
-98
1331
408
-933
-113

113

22974
-16310
6664
-8111
2437
-10548
339
167
172
-1108
682
-173
2507
-98
-1315
495

-495

26807
-21455
5352
-8758
2897
-11655
418
166
252
-2988
1093
-93
3724
-229
744
2251

-2251

29635
-24834
4801
-9323
3739
-13062
262
130
132
-4260
1482
-12
4227
...
91
1528

-1528

33796
-26774
7022
-10373
4209
-14582
571
342
229
-2780
1777
1122
3093
137
-1606
1743

-1743

36607
-28376
8231
-10875
5149
-16024
537
346
191
-2107
2003
1805
1740
223
-2923
741
1
-742

40223
-32322
7901
-11310
6072
-17382
619
449
170
-2790
1500
3877
-1818
...
-243
526

-526

47454
-40921
6533
-13945
6775
-20720
981
651
330
-6431
3742
4100
2298
117
-2310
1516
-3
-1513

50188
-44240
5948
-14545
7810
-22355
937
796
141
-7660
5594
5005
190
58
1264
4451

-4451

56297
-46223
10074
-16072
8922
-24994
903
794
109
-5095
4525
-2509
1267
76
-1651
-3387

3387

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213

214
215
216
217
218

INTERNATIONAL RESERVES Mn US dollars; as of end of period


Total
6076
4197
Gold, national valuation
1062
1052
Foreign exchange
4521
2593
Reserve position in the Fund
229
241
SDRs
264
311

4814
1096
3639
76
4

5720
947
4702
71
1

5881
906
4838
80
56

5411
1360
3919
89
43

6912
1319
5483
103
6

6206
1158
4948
97
3

6497
1044
5357
95
1

8520
1061
7353
103
3

10250
992
9151
104
4

11394
946
10181
267
0

12354
1092
10988
274
0

13199
1067
11820
312
0

14787
1079
13306
401
1

19281
1030
17820
429
2

17396
809
16088

499

23517
803
22401
0
312

214
215
216
217
218

219
220

EXCHANGE RATES Rupiah per US dollar


End of period
Average of period

693
661

994
909

1074
1026

1125
1111

1641
1283

1650
1644

1731
1686

1797
1770

1901
1843

1992
1950

2062
2030

2110
2087

2200
2161

2308
2249

2383
2342

4650
2909

8025
10014

219
220

221
222
223
224
225
226

EXTERNAL INDEBTEDNESS Mn US dollars; as of end of year


Total debt outstanding and disbursed
22761
25133
Long-term
19487
21517
Public and publicly guaranteed
15908
18317
Private non-guaranteed
3579
3200
Short-term
3274
3616
Use of IMF credit

30229
25145
21493
3652
4639
445

32026
26205
22274
3931
5408
413

36715
30620
26784
3837
6049
46

42916
36399
32621
3778
6466
51

52495
45418
40847
4571
6360
716

54079
46729
41183
5545
6727
623

59402
50818
44262
6556
7975
608

69872
58242
47982
10261
11135
494

79548
65067
51891
13176
14315
166

88002
69945
53664
16281
18057

89172
71185
57156
14029
17987

107824
88367
63926
24441
19457

124398
98432
65309
33123
25966

128941
96710
60016
36694
32230

136174
97199
55869
41330
36004
2970

...
...
...
...
...
...

221
222
223
224
225
226

227
228
229

Debt service transactions during the year


Principal repayments on LT debt
Interest on long-term debt
Interest on short-term debt

1785
1427
280

1942
1554
360

1798
1582
351

2267
2077
469

3036
2040
342

3285
2392
302

4057
2600
319

5241
2955
349

5994
3348
440

5812
3413
506

6541
3770
816

7781
3771
737

9138
4112
840

8951
4174
1142

10197
4935
1284

14892
5115
1533

13010
5117
1610

18071
5453
...

227
228
229

230
231
232
233

Average terms of new commitments


Interest(%)
Maturity (years)
Grace period (years)
Grant element(%)

8.8
16.1
4.9
7.2

9.0
15.5
5.1
5.8

8.7
15.7
5.4
7.9

9.0
16.4
5.3
7.1

7.2
17.3
6.1
18.1

6.7
15.6
6.0
19.4

5.8
19.6
6.7
29.0

5.3
20.7
6.8
33.6

6.1
20.7
6.5
27.9

6.0
21.1
6.0
28.3

6.2
19.6
5.6
25.5

5.8
19.5
5.3
26.7

5.4
19.5
5.2
29.1

5.2
19.9
5.6
30.9

5.7
17.6
5.1
27.1

5.4
19.2
6.1
29.8

5.6
16.2
4.7
24.2

...
...
...
...

230
231
232
233

644
632

136

Key Indicators of Developing Asian and Pacific Countries

137

Indonesia
Item

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

Footnotes:
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j

Data are projections based on census/survey figures, except for 1990 and 1995, which are census and survey figures, respectively.
Data for 1986- 1989 are as of 1 July while those for 1980 and 1985 are as of end of October of each year.
New series reflect changes in the sectoral classification and some refinements in the estimation procedures.
Includes ownership of dwellings.
Prior to 1983, item refers to private consumption plus increase in stocks.
Refers to production of estate crops; includes production which uses raw materials from smallholders.
For 1981-1989, figures refer to 17 cities with base period April 1977- March 1978, for 1990-1996, figures refer to 27 cities with base period April 1988March 1989, and for 1997-1998, figures refer to 44 cities with base period 1996.
Refers to current accounts, transfers, and mature time and savings deposits in rupiah, held by residents with the monetary system.
Includes import deposits and other items (net).
Shown in the consolidated balance sheets of commercial banks.

k
l
m
n
o
p
q
r
s
t
u

Refers to claim of public sector, private enterprises and individuals.


Rate relates to TABANAS (National Development Savings Scheme).
Rate relates to time deposits with deposit money banks.
Includes surplus on petroleum sales.
Refers to development expenditure only.
Refers to law and order, state apparatus and science, technology and research.
Refers to housing and human settlement, regional, rural and urban development, religion, information, press and social communication.
Refers to agriculture and irrigation, natural resources and environment.
Refers to mining and energy.
Refers to transportation and tourism.
Refers to trade and cooperatives, manpower and transmigration and development of business enterprises.

1998