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Compressed Air System Study Guidelines

Custom Audit and Efficiency Program


April 2012 v 1.0

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 COMPRESSED AIR SYSTEM STUDY OVERVIEW..............................................................................1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2 APPLICATION PREAPPROVAL AND ELIGIBILITY ..................................................................................... 1 STUDY, REPORT AND PAYMENT........................................................................................................ 1 INCENTIVES................................................................................................................................... 2 PROGRAM CONTACT INFORMATION ................................................................................................. 2

COMPRESSED AIR STUDY PROVIDERS ..........................................................................................3 2.1 2.2 2.3 QUALIFICATIONS AND ROLE ............................................................................................................. 3 ADDITIONAL CUSTOMER SERVICES .................................................................................................... 3 PAYMENT FOR PROGRAM SERVICES .................................................................................................. 3

APPLICATION AND PREAPPROVAL ...............................................................................................4 3.1 3.2 APPLICATION REVIEW ..................................................................................................................... 4 PREAPPROVAL ............................................................................................................................... 4

SYSTEM STUDY ...........................................................................................................................5 4.1 4.2 SITE ASSESSMENT .......................................................................................................................... 5 DATA COLLECTION ......................................................................................................................... 6

COMPRESSED AIR SYSTEM STUDY REPORT ..................................................................................7 5.1 5.2 ENERGY SAVINGS CALCULATIONS ..................................................................................................... 7 REPORT DELIVERY .......................................................................................................................... 8 Compressed Air Study Application ................................................................................ A-1 Calculation & Measurement Guidelines.........................................................................B-1

Appendix A Appendix B

COMPRESSED AIR SYSTEM STUDY OVERVIEW

The Compressed Air System Study (Study) is an energy efficiency offering that helps customers obtain expert compressed air analysis at a reduced cost in order to help lower electric energy costs by improving their compressed air system efficiency. The Study focuses on examination of the compressed air system in order to optimize equipment operation and compressed air end-use and offers a complete system analysis of both supply and demand side opportunities. Compressed Air Studies are conducted by customer-contracted Study Providers. Examples of typical energy conservation measures (ECMs) include: No-cost or low-cost (ECMs) o Reduce compressed air leaks o Reduce demand of end use equipment o Replace inappropriate end uses o Install no-loss condensate drains o Optimize sequence of compressor operation o Optimize system air pressure setpoint Capital improvement ECMs: o Compressor or dryer replacement o Increase compressed air storage capacity o Replace air powered pumps with electric o Compressor control system upgrades

1.1 Application Preapproval and Eligibility


1. Facility must be a Vectren commercial or industrial electric customer. 2. A complete and signed Compressed Air System Study Application must be submitted for formal preapproval. Incomplete forms will not be processed. Vectrens pre-approval is required (i.e. formal letter authorizing Customer to proceed) prior to commencing any reimbursable Compressed Air System Study work tasks (including but not limited to executing a contract agreement, completing project work tasks, conducting kick-off meeting, etc.). 3. In reviewing applications for preapproval, Vectren will look for evidence that cost-effective Compressed Air opportunities exist at the facility. The quoted Study Cost will be considered along with the facilitys compressed air system type, size, control capabilities, Customers financial and staff resources for measure implementation, and availability of facility staff for study activities. Additional information about the application review and selection process is provided in Section 3.

1.2 Study, Report and Payment


1. Once preapproved, the Study must be completed in accordance with the guidelines in this in Section 4.

Compressed Air System Study Guidelines

SECTION 1

Compressed Air System Study Overview

2. The Study Provider will conduct the preapproved Study and send the draft Compressed Air System Study Report (Report) to Vectren for review. Vectrens Program Administrator will review the content of the Report and the supporting calculations and communicate any recommended revisions to the Study Provider. The Study Provider will update the report per Vectrens recommendations. 3. Report shall at a minimum include energy and utility projections and recommendations for reducing Customers energy costs, installing or improving systems controls and/or taking other measures that meet the Companys energy efficiency incentive guidelines. Report shall contain a simple payback analysis. Reporting requirements are discussed in further detail in Section 5. 4. Upon approval of the final draft by the Program Administrator, Vectren will deliver the final Report to the customer and begin processing payment of the cost-share incentive.

1.3 Incentives
Vectren offers a cost-share incentive of up to 50% or $10,000 on Compressed Air Studies to cover costs for a Study Provider to investigate and identify savings opportunities at a Vectren Customer facility. Cost-sharing on Compressed Air System Studies is subject to preapproval. Official cost-share incentive will be provided to the customer along with study preapproval. Incentives will be paid to the customer upon receipt and approval of a final Report that meets the program requirements outlined in this document. The Study Provider is responsible for invoicing the customer for the total study cost. Vectren will not reimburse Study Providers directly. Customer should allow up to six weeks from receipt of final Report for cost-share payment. In addition, Customers are eligible for cash incentives towards the implementation of identified energy efficiency opportunities resulting from the Study. Before implementation of measures, identified opportunities must be preapproved through the Custom program. Incentives are equivalent to those offered for any Custom project through the Custom Audit and Efficiency Program. Compressed air leaks, maintenance work and other no-cost or low-cost energy efficiency opportunities, those with a simple payback below 1.5 years, should be identified by the Study Provider. Such repairs, however, are not eligible for additional incentives. Additional questions regarding eligible project and incentives should be directed to the program through the channels detailed below.

1.4 Program Contact Information


All Study Provider questions about Compressed Air System Studies should be directed to Vectrens Custom Audit and Efficiency program or Vectrens Program Administrator, Nexant, at: Vectren, Marketing & Conservation P.O. Box 513, Evansville, IN 47703 Phone: 608-824-1239 Fax: 608-827-2973 Email: CAE@Vectren.com

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2
2.1 Qualifications and Role

COMPRESSED AIR STUDY PROVIDERS

Vectren does not have a formal qualification process for Compressed Air System Study Providers. Study Providers are expected to be professionals with experience completing similar system studies. Study Providers are expected to identify energy efficiency opportunities and determine their energy savings and cost impacts as a part of the scope of work. System Studies that only recommend equipment upgrades will not be eligible for cost-sharing through this program; the Study Provider is expected to find low and no-cost opportunities that the customer can implement with minimal investment. Study Providers are expected to follow the guidelines outlined in this document and work collaboratively with Vectren, their Program Administrator and the Customer, to deliver a system study and report that both satisfies Customer needs and meets Vectrens Custom Audit and Efficiency program requirements.

2.2 Additional Customer Services


Due to the expertise of the Study Providers and their involvement in the System Study, some Customers may request that Study Providers conduct implementation services, such as equipment sales, mechanical contracting, significant controls modifications, and electrical installation. Vectren encourages these relationships and supports the delivery of implementation services; however, costs related to implementation, sales, and other services may not be included in the quoted Study Costs. For projects eligible for additional custom incentives, equipment and labor costs should be included in the Custom Project Application.

2.3

Payment for Program Services

Study Providers are responsible for invoicing customers for 100% of Study Costs. Vectren will pay costshare incentives to the customer upon receipt and approval of a final Report that meets the program requirements outlined in this document. Vectren will not reimburse Study Providers directly. Customer should allow up to six weeks from receipt of final Report for cost-share payment.

Compressed Air System Study Guidelines

APPLICATION AND PREAPPROVAL

The Compressed Air System Study begins with the Application Phase. A Compressed Air System Study Application should be completed by the facility owner/representative and the Study Provider and submitted. Vectren will evaluate complete applications and select those with high potential for cost effective energy saving measures.

3.1 Application Review


In reviewing program applications, the Program Administrator will give preference to facilities with the following characteristics: At least 250 hp of non-backup compressed air capacity No planned major system renovations or retrofits Accessible and up to date system documentation and records Compressed air system with relatively high normalized energy consumption (e.g. kW/100 CFM) Customer willingness and resources to implement potential study recommendations A commitment by the facility owner and O&M staff to be actively involved in the Compressed Air Study. Active involvement will include: o o o Providing access to the facility Providing time for facility personnel to interface with the Compressed Air Study Provider Providing and assisting with the reporting, and collection of, information pertaining to the Study of the system.

3.2 Preapproval
Upon completion of the application review Vectren will issue an official letter to the customer and Study Provider detailing preapproved incentive funds or facility ineligibility. Incentives funds will be reserved for 90 calendar days after preapproval. Customers in need of an extended incentive reservation must receive approval from Vectren or the Program Administrator. Program funding is reserved on a firstcome, first-served basis and Vectren cannot guarantee funding for projects installed after the incentive reservation has expired.

Compressed Air System Study Guidelines

SYSTEM STUDY

Following the preapproval of an application, the Study Provider, with assistance from the facility engineering staff, can begin the Compressed Air System Study. Principal System Study activities include the following: Working with facility staff to identify energy efficiency opportunities. Gathering additional information to assess equipment operation. Estimating the potential electric energy savings for identified opportunities. Providing internal cost estimates or third-party vendor quotes for the implementation of identified opportunities.

4.1

Site Assessment

The Study Provider will work with the Customer to conduct a compressed air system assessment aimed at identifying and quantifying energy and demand savings opportunities. The Study Provider will coordinate an appropriate time to conduct the focused assessment at the Customers facility when the system is operating normally. The focused assessment includes activities such as conducting detailed site assessments, diagnostic testing, and trending analyses to evaluate current operating procedures, equipment functionality, and to verify the preliminary site assessment assumptions. It involves the detailed investigation of the energy efficiency opportunities identified in the preliminary site assessment, and further investigation to identify additional opportunities. The Study Provider should also consult with the facilitys personnel to understand their concerns and identify areas where additional focus may be warranted. The focused assessment will include the following activities: Identification and tagging of air leaks1 Assessment of demand-side air usage, including an inventory of air end-uses, pressure drops and recommendations for reducing air wastage Equipment inventory and a system block diagram showing major equipment, end uses, valves, filters, etc. Description of facility operations, standard operating parameters, including discharge pressure set points, operating hours, and control strategies System monitoring over the course of at least two weeks of standard use for the facility to monitor system pressure, compressor power, and other equipment as necessary

Compressed air leaks are within the scope of the study but are not eligible for incentives. The Study Provider should provide the Customer with a list of air leaks and other air wastage, identifying the location and estimated size (CFM) of each, and the anticipated cost of air wastage.

Compressed Air System Study Guidelines

SECTION 4

System Study

Estimation of peak kW consumption, peak air flow rate, system energy consumption and annual operating costs Recommendations for cost-effective, energy saving equipment upgrades

Findings from these activities should be incorporated in the report including: Description of the compressed air equipment and major compressed air end uses Project overview including goals, roles, and responsibilities Review of utility usage data Identification, description, and feasibility of potential energy efficiency opportunities Spot measurements or trend data (e.g. from control system front-end or hand-held meter), nameplate data, etc.

4.2 Data Collection


Because a successful Compressed Air System Study relies heavily on accurate and comprehensive characterization of all identified energy savings opportunities, the Study Provider must exercise additional due diligence in collecting data, documenting field conditions, and calculating savings. The Study Provider will document the following for each identified energy savings opportunity: Functional tests required characterizing the opportunity. Governing engineering equations for calculating energy savings. Necessary inputs to the equations, to be trended or measured. Identification of data collection mode (facility EMCS, stand-alone loggers, spot measurements, etc.). Operating conditions for which savings will occur, and necessary data collection period.

Following the steps listed above will ensure that the Study Provider will not be required to revisit the facility to collect additional data after the core investigative work has been completed.

Compressed Air System Study Guidelines

COMPRESSED AIR SYSTEM STUDY REPORT

The Compressed Air System Study Report (Report) includes a summary of the findings, and recommendations for next steps, provides details of the completed system study and documents the estimated annual energy savings, implementation costs, and a simple payback period of all identified opportunities. The final assessment report shall include the following sections. 1. Executive Summary 2. Detailed description of the existing compressed air system and its operation. a. Provide detailed existing equipment nameplate information (motor HP, equipment capacity, efficiency, type, location, service area, controls, etc.). b. Provide a supply and demand side one-line diagram showing generation equipment & significant end uses 3. Review and analysis of current utility consumption data. This analysis should include: a. Estimated energy consumed for the compressed air system. b. Energy costs from utility bills ($/kWh, $/kW). 4. Description of current system(s) performance and any operational issues. 5. Provide a detailed list of test procedures, results of testing and corrective actions for the system. 6. Provide a detailed description of the energy efficiency opportunities being evaluated, including control strategy (where applicable). Describe how it will save energy. Provide a system diagram to illustrate as necessary. 7. Include detailed savings calculations, implementation costs and payback analysis for proposed opportunities. 8. Include all energy savings and project cost calculations as exhibits to the final report. Savings calculations should be based on actual utility rates and actual production schedules. 9. Describe an implementation strategy and list any implementation issues associated with proposed energy efficiency opportunities.

5.1 Energy Savings Calculations


Utilizing the information gathered during the system study, the Study Provider is responsible for identifying potential energy efficiency opportunities in the compressed air system. For each identified opportunity, the Study Provider will evaluate and document the following parameters: Annual electric energy savings potential Peak electric demand savings potential Technical feasibility Likelihood of owner buy-in Accessibility and constructability Estimated implementation cost Savings persistence

All calculations must be submitted in detail, as well as any data used in support of the calculations. Because implementation costs are paid by the customer on the basis of the estimates provided in the
Compressed Air System Study Guidelines 7

SECTION 5

Compressed Air System Study Report

Report, it is essential that the savings calculations are accurate. Estimates for implementation costs must be accurate market costs and must be obtained directly from the owner, vendor or an accepted cost estimating source. Savings calculations must be supported by field observations, actual equipment specifications, and operating conditions. Calculations must be done in spreadsheet format, and be clearly presented for review. Calculations based solely on rules of thumb or unsupported assumptions are not acceptable. Calculations done using simulation software will not be accepted without prior written approval from Vectren. Supporting documentation delivered with the report shall include sufficient raw data from the assessment so that the energy savings associated with the opportunities. This documentation shall be structured so it can be easily accessed by the Program Administrator and other persons not involved in its development. The program provides Calculation and Measurement Guidelines to Study Providers to set expectations for calculation requirements. Calculation and Measurement Guidelines are included in Appendix B.

5.2 Report Delivery


The Study Provider must submit the draft Report and all supporting files to Vectren and the Program Administrator for review. Vectrens Program Administrator will review the content of the Report and the supporting calculations and communicate any recommended revisions to the Study Provider. The Study Provider is responsible for revising the supporting calculations and draft Report in collaboration with Vectren and the Program Administrator and delivering a final report to Vectren. Vectren will review and approve the final report and begin processing payment of the Customer cost-share incentive. After receiving final approval by Vectren, the Study Provider is free to deliver the Report to the Customer. The Study Provider should not deliver the final report, report drafts or preliminary results to the customer prior to final approval by Vectren.

Compressed Air System Study Guidelines

Appendix A

Compressed Air Study Application

Compressed Air System Study Guidelines

A-1

Compressed Air System Study What is it?


The Compressed Air System Study is an energy efficiency offering that helps customers obtain expert compressed air analysis at a reduced cost in order to help lower electric energy costs by improving their compressed air efficiency. The Study focuses on examination of the compressed air system in order to optimize equipment operation and compressed air end-use and offers a complete system analysis of both supply and demand side opportunities. Compressed Air Studies are conducted by customer-contracted study providers.

How do I apply?
1. Review thisthis application andand thethe provided Compressed Air Air System Study Guidelines document. 1. Review application provided Compressed System Study Guidelines document. 2. Premise must be a Vectren commercial/industrial electric customer. 3. Submit a complete and signed Compressed Air System Study Application for formal preapproval. Incomplete forms will not be processed. Submit by email: cae@vectren.com, fax: (608) 829-2723, or mail to: ATTN: Vectren, Marketing & Conservation, P.O. Box 513, Evansville, IN 47703. All questions should be directed to Vectrens Custom Audit and Efficiency program at cae@vectren.com.

Available Cost Share & Incentives


1. Vectren offers a cost-share incentive of up to 50% or $10,000 on Compressed Air Studies to cover costs for a study provider to investigate and identify savings opportunities at a Vectren customer facility. Vectren will pay cost-share incentives to the customer upon receipt and approval of a final Report that meets the program guidelines. Vectren will not reimburse Study Providers directly. Customer should allow up to six weeks from receipt of final Report for cost-share payment. In addition, customers are eligible for cash incentives towards the implementation of identified energy efficiency opportunities resulting from the Study. Before implementation of measures, identified opportunities must be preapproved through the Custom program. Incentives are equivalent to those offered for any Custom project through the Custom Audit and Efficiency Program. Compressed air leaks, maintenance work and other no or low cost energy efficiency opportunities should be identified by the system study provider, however such repairs are not eligible for additional incentives. Additional questions regarding eligible project and incentives should be directed to the program through the channels detailed above.

2.

3.

Additional Information
Vectrens pre-approval is required (i.e. formal letter authorizing Customer to proceed) prior to commencing any reimbursable Compressed Air System Study work tasks (including but not limited to executing a contract agreement, completing project work tasks, etc.). In reviewing applications for preapproval, Vectren will look for evidence that cost-effective Compressed Air opportunities exist at the facility. The quoted Study Cost will be considered along with the facilitys compressed air system type, size, control capabilities and availability of facility staff for study activities. Cost-share on a Compressed Air System Study is subject to preapproval. Official cost-share incentive amount will be provided to the customer along with study preapproval. Incentives will be paid to the customer upon receipt and approval of a final Report that meets the program requirements outlined in the Compressed Air System Study Guidelines. Allow up to 6 weeks from reciept of final Report for cost-share payment. Complete information regarding application review and compressed air study requirements and deliverables is provided in the Compressed Air System Study Guidelines document.

Compressed Air System Study Application


1. Read Compressed Air System Study, Study Provider Guidelines. 2. Submit Application for preapproval. All applicable fields must be completed on the form. 3. Premise must be a Vectren commercial/industrial electric customer. 4. Submit complete Program Application by email: cae@vectren.com, fax: (608) 829-2723, or mail to: ATTN: Vectren, Marketing &

I. Customer Information
Business Name Business Type Vectren Representative Contact Name Contact Phone Contact E-mail Contact Fax Federal Tax ID Business Classification (choose one) Corporation Limited Liability Corporation Sole Proprietorship Contact Title Mailing Address City State Zip

Partnership Exempt Other

II. Study Provider Information


Business Name Business Address City State Qualifications: Proposed Cost of Study $ Estimated Study Start Date System or Equipment to be studied Compressed Air System Estimated Report Delivery Date Zip Contact Name Contact Phone Contact Fax Contact E-mail

By signing this form, the Study Provider agrees to follow the Study Provider Guidelines. Study Providers are expected to identify energy efficiency opportunities and determine their energy savings and cost impacts as a part of the scope of work. System Studies that only recommend equipment upgrades will not be eligible for cost-sharing through this program. Study Providers are expected to work collaboratively with Vectren, their Program Administrator and the Customer, to deliver a system study and report that both satisfies Customer needs and meets Vectrens Custom Audit and Efficiency program requirements.

Study Provider Contact Name (Please Print) Study Provider Signature Date

III. Authorization
By signing this form I agree that to the best of my knowledge the information contained in this form is correct and representative of the equipment and operations of my facility. I understand that participation in Vectren Energy Delivery's Conservation Connection Program is voluntary. Submission of this application does not guarantee that the applicant will receive funding or a specific level of funding. Vectren Energy Delivery may conduct a pre- and/or post-inspection to verify information. I do hereby consent to Vectren Energy Delivery disclosing my utility account number, Federal Tax ID number and consumption data to its subcontractor solely for the purpose of administering this Conservation Connection Program. I understand that such subcontractors are contractually bound to otherwise maintain my utility account number and Federal Tax ID in the strictest of confidence. By my signature, I freely give Vectren Energy Delivery of Indiana permission to release the information designated above.

Customer Name (Please Print) Customer Signature Date

IV. Facility Information


Facility Use Vectren Account Number(s) Facility Address Affected Meter Number(s) City State Zip Total Floor Area (ft 2 )

Facility Staff
Please identify key individuals responsible for facility operations and those available to assist with the compressed air study. Name Position Facility Responsibilities Able to assist? (hrs/week)

Describe any currently planned energy efficiency, renovation, or equipment replacement/upgrade projects for the facility.

Are there any scheduling issues that could affect the compressed air study (e.g. major renovations or equipment replacements/upgrades)?

V. System Information
Please list all air compressors and system components that are currently located at your facility. Add additional pages as needed.

Air Compressors
Equipment ID/ Manufacturer Primary or Back Up Compressor Type (e.g. Scroll, Screw, Reciprocating, Centrifugal) Capacity Control Mode (e.g. Load/Unload, VFD, Inlet Modulation, Blow-off) Air or Liquid Cooled Age (years) Annual Operating Hours

HP

Dryers
Equipment ID/ Manufacturer Primary or Back Up Associated Compressor (from above) Type (Desiccant/Refrigerated, Cycling/Non-Cycling) Age (years)

Storage
Location Size (Gallons) Wet or Dry

V. System Information Continued


Outline the major compressed air end use loads, their production hours and required pressure/flow. Pressure Range Flow Operation Quantity (psi) (CFM) End Use Name Air Pressure Regulators Air Actuators Air Motors Air Diaphragm Pumps Blow Off Applications Scheduled Hours and Days of Operation

Describe the compressed air system operating schedule at the facility.

Is there a management system or manual procedure in place to shut compressors OFF when not in use? If so, is the system is properly tuned?

Describe the compressed air system controls at the facility (cascading with no control, central control system, or manual control).

Are you willing to optimize your control strategy or usage of compressed air if recommended in the study?

Does the compressed air system trend data (pressure, flow)? If not what trending capabilities will the study provider use?

Describe the compressed air leak management or maintenance schedule at the facility. When was the most recent leak detection survey completed?

What is the system pressure? Do you have trouble maintaining this pressure or have pressure fluctuations at end uses?

Is there air storage near large end use items?

What quality of dry air is needed? Is there a dew point requirement?

What is the highest pressure demand within the compressed air system?

Appendix B

Calculation & Measurement Guidelines

The Calculation & Measurement Guidelines are for the use of Study Providers performing a preapproved Compressed Air System Study through the Custom Audit and Efficiency Program. The goal of this document is to standardize the calculation methods used by Study Providers and to ensure that those calculation methods provide accurate energy and cost savings information to both the program and the program participants.

A.1 Calculation Guidelines


The following guidelines apply to all calculations presented for the program: I. II. III. IV. V. VI. Section A.2 details the documentation that is required for compressed air systems in this program. Calculate baseline energy consumption and monthly peak demand of the system before estimating energy savings. Use measured data and/or trended data to support both the pre- and post-installation energy savings calculations. Present calculations in a clear, easy-to-follow format. Calculations must be presented in spreadsheet format unless written pre-approval is provided by Nexant. Calculations must use industry standard engineering calculation methodologies with substantiated input data and not based purely on unfounded estimates.

Weather Data
Any weather sensitive measures will use Typical Meteorological Year 3 (TMY3) data unless prior approval is given by Nexant. TMY3 data is available for download from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory: http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/nsrdb/1991-2005/tmy3/by_state_and_city.html#I. Study Providers will use TMY3 data from the weather site nearest in direct distance to the building under investigation.

Determining Peak Demand Savings


The customers average demand savings is used to determine the monetary impacts on the customers utility bill. For each measure and for each month of the year, determine demand savings which reduce the monthly peak demand.

Energy Cost Savings


The Energy Cost Savings is the annual reduction in energy costs through the energy and demand savings realized by implementing a measure. Assumed estimates or blended rates from staff without approval for use are not acceptable. It is the Study Providers responsibility to obtain electricity bills from the Customer, Vectren Account Manager, or Nexant as appropriate.

Compressed Air System Study Guidelines

B-1

APPENDIX B

Calculation & Measurement Guidelines

Please note, in most cases a more detailed analysis of energy cost ($/kWh) and demand costs ($/kW) or variations of those costs over the course of the year is required. Nexant can assist in this analysis and the calculation of energy cost savings.

Trending Requirements
Trending of key parameters is required. Section A.2 of this document provides requirements for trending. The following guidelines apply where trending is required. I. Trending Period Collect trend data for key parameters covering two weeks during typical operating conditions. II. Documentation Provide the program with raw trend data files for records. Note any non-typical operating conditions included in the trend period such as holidays or facility shut-downs. III. Trend Interval If using logged data from portable data loggers, use trend interval of 1-minute or less. Data from a control system is also allowed; discuss trending requirements with Nexant. IV. Power Measurements Accompanying Trends Take three-phase power measurements on equipment when amperage trends are set up. Use these spot measurements to accurately translate trended amperage to power. The spot measurements should be of voltage, amps, power factor, and power. When spot measurements are taken, document date and time of day. Effort should be made to synchronize a spot measurement with a data point taken from trend interval data. If possible, take spot measurements at several different loadings of the compressor to correlate measured amps with actual power at the different loadings. For example, a loadunload compressor would be measured at full-load power and at unload power conditions. Data analysis should then account for variances in power factor and voltage at different compressor loading.

Air Compressor Trending Requirements


All regularly operating compressors must be logged simultaneously regardless of quantity of compressors. Compressors that are only used for backup purposes if other compressors fail do not have to be logged, but should be if possible. If logging all operating compressors is not possible, this should be discussed with Nexant and written approval must be given for alternate approaches.

Compressed Air System Study Guidelines

B-2

APPENDIX B

Calculation & Measurement Guidelines

A.2 Documentation Requirements for Compressed Air Projects


Table 1 and Table 2 detail the required documentation at the equipment and system level for each stage of the project for compressed air projects. Data requirements at the equipment level apply to all nonbackup equipment. The information provided below is a minimum; Study Provider will collect all required data to support energy savings and feasibility of all recommendations. Study Provider may either provide this information within the report or include the information in the supporting calculation files. Table 1: Minimum required documentation for compressed air equipment Compressor Data Requirements Source
Compressor type Manufacturer & model Motor efficiency Manufacturer spec/nameplate Rated power (bhp) Rated CFM Type of Control (modulation, load-unload, VFD, etc.) Voltage Spot measurement Three phase power measurement (kW) including power factor, voltage, and amperage. Measurements should be taken at several compressor load conditions. Amperage Trended data over a minimum of two weeks Generation pressure Flow (dynamic compressors only)

Data

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APPENDIX B
Dryer Data Requirements Source Data

Calculation & Measurement Guidelines

Type (refrigerated, desiccant, regeneration type, control details, etc.) Manufacturer spec/nameplate Rated capacity Rated power Spot measurement Three phase power measurement (kW) including power factor, voltage, and amperage. Measurements should be taken at several load conditions if applicable to the type of dryer. Dryer power consumption per unit flow (e.g. kW /100 CFM or CFM/kW) determined from manufacturer specifications (trended and/or measured data optional).

Calculation and or trended data

Compressed Air Storage Data Requirements Source


Manufacturer spec/nameplate Storage volume

Data

Table 2: Minimum required documentation for compressed air systems System Level Data Requirements Source
Nameplate specs and spot measurements Trended data Facility records, site survey

Data
Compressed air system efficiency including compressors, dryers, significant end-uses, etc. Units are generally kW/100 CFM or CFM/kW. Compressed air system efficiency including compressors, dryers, etc. Supply and demand side one-line diagram showing all generation equipment & significant end uses Presence of intermediate pressure and/or flow controllers System pressure profile of the supply and demand sides noting points of measurement referenced in the system diagram Delivery pressure

Measured or observed

Compressed Air System Study Guidelines

B-4