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LIQUID FLOW THROUGH AN ORIFICE

From Crane Handbook, the following Equation 2-23 is used to calculate the liquid flow through an orifi

q =C A
Where, q= C= Cd = = P = = A= Re =

2 P

Rate of flow in m/s Flow coefficient for orifices,

C =

C d
4 1

. This value can be taken from A-20,

Coefficient of discharge for orifice Ratio of Orifice diameter to Pipe Diameter Pressure drop across the orifice in Pa Density of liquid in kg/m Orifice area in m Reynolds Number,
R e = d V '

ORIFICE

quid flow through an orifice plate.

can be taken from A-20, if the Reynolds Number is known.

LIQUID FLOW THROUGH AN ORIFICE USING THE CRANE METHO


Input Data
Inlet Pressure Outlet Pressure Temperature Density Viscosity I.D of Pipe I.D of Orifice Coefficient of Discharge for Orifice

Symbol
P1 P2

Units
bara Pa bara Pa C kg/m cP Pa-s mm mm

Value
176 17600000 5.01 501000 4 996.2 1.707 0.001707 50 13.1 0.6

' d1 d2 Cd

Calculation
Cross sectional area of Orifice Cross sectional area of Pipe Ratio of diameters Flow coefficient for orifice Flow rate

Symbol
A Ap C q

Units
m m

Value
0.00013 0.00196 0.262 0.601 0.015 54.068 7.65 111.43 223198 0.6

m/s m/h m/s m/s

Velocity in Pipe Velocity through Orifice Reynolds Number in Pipe Check for Flow Coefficient for Orifice

V Vo Re C

CRANE METHOD
Remarks

(assumed for liquids)

Remarks

(read from graph A-20)

LIQUID FLOW THROUGH AN ORIFICE USING THE CRANE METHO


Input Data
Inlet Pressure Outlet Pressure Temperature Density Viscosity I.D of Pipe I.D of Orifice Coefficient of Discharge for Orifice

Symbol
P1 P2

Units
bara Pa bara Pa C kg/m cP Pa-s mm mm

Value
173 17300000 5.01 501000 4 996.1 1.707 0.001707 50 13.1 0.6

' d1 d2 Cd

Calculation
Cross sectional area of Orifice Cross sectional area of Pipe Ratio of diameters Flow coefficient for orifice Flow rate

Symbol
A Ap C q

Units
m m

Value
0.00013 0.00196 0.262 0.601 0.015 53.594 7.58 110.45 221220 0.6

m/s m/h m/s m/s

Velocity in Pipe Velocity through Orifice Reynolds Number in Pipe Check for Flow Coefficient for Orifice

V Vo Re C

CRANE METHOD
Remarks

(assumed for liquids)

Remarks

(read from graph A-20)

LIQUID FLOW THROUGH AN ORIFICE USING THE CRANE METHO


Input Data
Inlet Pressure Outlet Pressure Temperature Density Viscosity I.D of Pipe I.D of Orifice Coefficient of Discharge for Orifice

Symbol
P1 P2

Units
bara Pa bara Pa C kg/m cP Pa-s mm mm

Value
171 17100000 5.01 501000 4 996.1 1.707 0.001707 50 13.1 0.6

' d1 d2 Cd

Calculation
Cross sectional area of Orifice Cross sectional area of Pipe Ratio of diameters Flow coefficient for orifice Flow rate

Symbol
A Ap C q

Units
m m

Value
0.00013 0.00196 0.262 0.601 0.015 53.274 7.54 109.79 219899 0.6

m/s m/h m/s m/s

Velocity in Pipe Velocity through Orifice Reynolds Number in Pipe Check for Flow Coefficient for Orifice

V Vo Re C

CRANE METHOD
Remarks

(assumed for liquids)

Remarks

(read from graph A-20)