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A MINOR PROJECT REPORT ON HOME SECURITY SYSTEM

SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE AWARD OF THE DEGREE OF

BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY (ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING)


Session: 2013-2014

SUBMITTED TO MR.SHAILENDRA SRIVASTAVA Asst. Prof., Dept Of Electrical Engineering

SUBMITTED BY KUNDAN KUMAR SINGH ELECTRICAL ENGG. (7THSEM.) ROLL NO. 7EE28 ENROLMENT NO: JNU/jpr/2010/00477

JAIPUR NATIONAL UNIVERSITY, JAIPUR


(A Venture of Seedling Group of Institutions)

A MINOR PROJECT REPORT ON HOME SECURITY SYSTEM

JAIPUR NATIONAL UNIVERSITY, JAIPUR


(A Venture of Seedling Group of Institutions) SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE AWARD OF THE DEGREE OF

BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY (ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING)

SUBMITTED BY:KUNDAN KUMAR SINGH ELECTRICAL ENGG.(7TH SEM.) ROLL NO. 7EE28

ENROLMENT NO:JNU/jpr/2010/00477

JAIPUR NATIONAL UNIVERSITY, JAIPUR


(A Venture of Seedling Group of Institutions)

CANDIDATES DECLARATION
This is certify that KUNDAN KUMAR SINGH student of B.Tech (Electrical Engineering), VII semester has completed project entitled HOME SECURITY SYSTEM which is being submitted to the Department of Electrical Engineering, Jaipur National University, Jaipur. They have done their experimental work in the departmental laboratory. They have devoted sufficient time in laboratory to accomplish the project work.

Approved By: Mr. Shailendra Srivastava Assistant Professor Electrical Engineering Jaipur National University

1. Signature...

2. Signature...

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTACKNO

God gives us life to decorate it with Knowledge. Life without knowledge is like river without water. An ENGINEER WITHOUT A TECHNICAL TRAINING IS LIKE A SOLDIER WITHOUT A WEAPON. It is my pleasant privilege to acknowledge my profound gratitude and indebtedness towards my respected and learned teachers for their inspiration, constructive criticism and valuable suggestions. I express my whole hearted thanks to Mr.SHAILENDRA SRIVASTAVA,(Asst. Prof., Electrical Engineering) for his Sagacious efforts in accomplishment of this task.

(KUNDAN KUMAR SINGH)

ABSTRACT
A security alarm is a system designed to detect intrusion unauthorized entry into a building or area. Security alarms are used in residential, commercial, industrial, and military properties for protection against burglary (theft) or property damage, as well as personal protection against intruders. Cars likewise protect vehicles and their contents. Prisons also use security systems for control of inmates. Some alarm systems serve a single purpose of burglary protection; combination systems provide both fire and intrusion protection. Intrusion alarm systems may also be combined with closedcircuit television surveillance systems to automatically record the activities of intruders, and may interface to access control systems for electrically locked doors. Systems range from small, selfcontained noisemakers, to complicated, multi-area systems with computer monitoring and control. During the olden days a watchman would be hired to take care of property and offer needed security in the home. Some homes also had fierce dogs that would be let out only at night. The two were supposed to provide security to our belongings even in the absence of the owner. However, hiring a watchman was not an effective method since most of them would be killed in the line of duty. Sometimes dogs would attack even visitors while some watchmen looted property. The circuit is divided into two parts i.e. the transmitter and the receiver.The transmitter circuit is nothing but a transistor driven by a battery connected to the capicitor

In order to ensure that the current remains constant in the capicitor a 5V or 7.5V is applied to the capicitor.The laser diode here can be the one typically used in laser pointers emitting in red. This would be more economical than buying one. In addition to the system itself, security alarms are often coupled with a monitoring service. In the event of an alarm, the premises control unit contacts a central monitoring station. Operators at the station see the signal and take appropriate action, such as contacting property owners, notifying police, or dispatching private security forces. Such signals may be transmitted via dedicated alarm circuits, telephone lines, or Internet.

LIST OF FIGURES
SL.NO. FIGURE NO. NAME OF DIAGRAM PAGENO.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 14 15

1.1 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 3.1 4.1 5.1 6.1 6.2 7.1 7.2 7.3

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM SYMBOLS OF RESISTORS CARBON FILM RESISTOR TYPES OF WINDING TOLERANCE TABLE COLOR CODING SYSTEM SYMBOL OF TRANSISTOR PIEZOELECTRIC BUZZER CAPICITOR BATTERY ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL BREADBOARD STRIP BOARD PCB

03 04 05 06 06 07 09 10 12 16 17 17 17 18

CONTENTS
Chapter No. Title Page No.

CHAPTER 1 : HOME SECURITY SYSTEM 1.1 Introduction 1.2 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM CHAPTER 2: RESISTOR 2.1 Introduction 2.2 TYPES OF RESISTOR 2.2.1 2.2.2 Carbon film Wire Wound 5 6 6 6 7 1 3

2.3 COLOR CODING CHAPTER 4: TRANSISTOR 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Function 4.3 Symbols

9 10 12

CHAPTER 5: CAPACITOR 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Operation CHAPTER6 : BATTERY 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Working CHAPTER 7: PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Types 18 19 16 17 14 15

CHAPTER 8:WORKING PRINCIPLE CHAPTER9: APPLICATION CHAPTER10: FUTURE SCOPE CONCLUSION REFERENCES

21 22 24 25 26

LIST OF TABLES
Page No. TABLE. 1 COST OF COMPONENT 04