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7/11/13

Isostatic Pressing

Isostatic Pressing :: KEY to METALS Article

Pressing Isostatic Pressing :: KEY to METALS Article Abstract: The development of Isostatic Press techniques from

Abstract:

The development of Isostatic Press techniques from the mid 1950’s has delivered a range of advantages in the manufacturing process particularly with regards to precision forming, improved material properties and cost reduction from elimination of certain machining processes. Covered are the major advantages and limitations of Cold Isostatic Pressing (CIP), Warm Isostatic Pressing (WIP) and Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP).

Isostatic Pressing (WIP) and Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP). The isostatic pressing process was pioneered in the

The isostatic pressing process was pioneered in the mid-1950’s and has steadily grown from a research curiosity to a viable production tool. Many industries apply this technique for consolidation of powders or defect healing of castings. The process is used for a range of materials, including ceramics, metals, composites, plastics, and carbon.

Isostatic pressing applies a uniform, equal force over the entire product, regardless of shape or size. It thus offers unique benefits for ceramic and refractory applications. The ability to form product shapes to precise tolerances (reducing costly machining) has been a major driving force for its commercial development.

There are three basic types of isostatic pressing (Table 1). Cold isostatic pressing (CIP) is applied to consolidate ceramic or refractory powders loaded into elastomeric bags. Warm isostatic pressing (WIP) differs from CIP only in that shapes are pressed at warm temperature to about 100°C. Hot isostatic pressing (HIP) involves both temperature and pressure applied simultaneously to obtain fully dense parts (to 100% theoretical density), and is used mainly for engineered ceramics requiring optimum properties for high- performance applications.

Method

Advantages

Limitations

Cycle Time

Cold (room

Uniform green density

Slower than uniaxial pressing

5-30 min for wet bag

temperature)

 

Waxless, complex shapes

Parts may require post- machining

<1 min for dry bag

Wet-bag: various shapes per cycle

Dry-bag: automated, one part at a time

Warm (100°C)

Cost-effective for different shaped parts

Only suitable for specific applications

3-5 min

Eliminates post sintering

Hot (2200°C)

Improves mechanical and physical properties

Cycle times can be slow

10-15h

Near net shape

Full density

Table 1: Comparison of Isostatic Pressing Methods

Isostatic presses are used for compressing pharmaceutical particles and raw material in to pre-determined shapes. The use of this pressurizing system ensures a uniform compaction pressure throughout the powder mass and a homogeneous density distribution in the final product. It is one of the most widely used pharmaceutical processing machines.

Working of Isostatic Press

Isostatic pressing is enabled to produce various types of materials from powder compacts

7/11/13

Isostatic Pressing :: KEY to METALS Article

by reducing the porosity of powder mixture. The powder mixture is compacted and encapsulated using isostatic pressure, by using pressure equally applied from all directions. Isostatic pressing confines the metal powder within a flexible membrane or hermetic container which acts as a pressure barrier between the powder and the pressurizing mediums, liquid or gas that surrounds it.

Advantages of Isostatic Press

Powder is compacted with the same pressure in all directions, and, since no lubricant is needed, high and uniform density can be achieved.or gas that surrounds it. Advantages of Isostatic Press The process removes many of the constraints

The process removes many of the constraints that limit the geometry of parts compacted unidirectionally in rigid dies.is needed, high and uniform density can be achieved. It is applicable to difficult-to-compact and expensive

It is applicable to difficult-to-compact and expensive materials such as superalloys, titanium, tool steels, stainless steel, and beryllium, with material utilization that is highly efficient.geometry of parts compacted unidirectionally in rigid dies. Application of Isostatic Press Below is a list

Application of Isostatic Press

Below is a list of some for the most common applications of the isostatic press.

Pharmaceuticalsfor the most common applications of the isostatic press. Explosives Chemicals Food Nuclear fuel Ferrites Figure

Explosivescommon applications of the isostatic press. Pharmaceuticals Chemicals Food Nuclear fuel Ferrites Figure 1: a) Cold

Chemicalsof the isostatic press. Pharmaceuticals Explosives Food Nuclear fuel Ferrites Figure 1: a) Cold isostatic

Foodof the isostatic press. Pharmaceuticals Explosives Chemicals Nuclear fuel Ferrites Figure 1: a) Cold isostatic press

Nuclear fuel Ferritesisostatic press. Pharmaceuticals Explosives Chemicals Food Figure 1: a) Cold isostatic press b) Hot isostatic press

Explosives Chemicals Food Nuclear fuel Ferrites Figure 1: a) Cold isostatic press b) Hot isostatic press

Figure 1: a) Cold isostatic press b) Hot isostatic press c) Warm isostatic press

Date Published: Jan-2013