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TERMINAL MARKINGS AND CONNECTIONS

PART WINDING START

NEMA NOMENCLATURE6 LEADS


1

Delta

OPER.
MODE
START
RUN

Wye

1
9

L1
1
1,7

L2 L3 OPEN
2
3
7,8,9
T1
T2
T3
2,8 3,9

MOTOR LEADS

T7

T8
8

2T9

8 Delta 9
Double
(Extended Delta)

NEMA NOMENCLATURE9 LEADS


WYE CONNECTED (LOW VOLTAGE ONLY)
MOTOR LEADS

T1
1

T2
2

T3
3

T7
7

T8
8

T9 Together
9 4&5&6

NEMA AND IEC NOMENCLATURE12 LEADS


SINGLE VOLTAGE OR LOW VOLTAGE OF
DUAL-VOLTAGE MOTORS
12

NEMA

1
4

T1
NEMA
IEC

10
85

T2

U1

W5
W2

6
3
11

W6

IEC
U2
U5

W1
V6

V5 V2

T3

T7

T8

U6
V1

T9

1,6
2,4
3,5
7,12
8,10
9,11
U1,W2 V1,U2 W1,V2 U5,W6 V5,U6 W5,V6
1

TERMINAL MARKINGS AND CONNECTIONS


THREE-PHASE MOTORSSINGLE SPEED

NEMA NOMENCLATURE6 LEADS


SINGLE VOLTAGE
EXTERNAL WYE CONNECTION
L1

L2

L3

JOIN

4&5&6

1
4
6

SINGLE VOLTAGE
EXTERNAL DELTA CONNECTION
L1

L2

L3

1,6

2,4

3,5

5
2
1

4
5

SINGLE AND DUAL VOLTAGE


WYE-DELTA CONNECTIONS
6

1
4
3

SINGLE VOLTAGE
OPERATING
MODE
START
RUN

CONNECTION

L1

L2

L3

JOIN

WYE
DELTA

1
1,6

2
2,4

3
3,5

4&5&6

DUAL VOLTAGE*
VOLTAGE

CONNECTION L1

L2

L3

JOIN

HIGH

WYE

4&5&6

LOW

DELTA

1,6

2,4

3,5

*Voltage ratio: 1.732 to 1.

TERMINAL MARKINGS AND CONNECTIONS


THREE-PHASE MOTORSSINGLE SPEED

NEMA NOMENCLATURE9 LEADS


1
4
7

DUAL VOLTAGE
WYE-CONNECTED

85
2

VOLTAGE

L1

L2

L3

JOIN

HIGH
LOW

1
1,7

2
2,8

3
3,9

4&7,5&8,6&9
4&5&6

1
4

9
6

DUAL VOLTAGE
DELTA-CONNECTED
VOLTAGE

L1

L2

L3

JOIN

HIGH
LOW

1
1,6,7

2
2,4,8

3
3,5,9

4&7,5&8,6&9

TERMINAL MARKINGS AND CONNECTIONS


THREE-PHASE MOTORSSINGLE SPEED

NEMA NOMENCLATURE12 LEADS

1
4
7

DUAL VOLTAGE
EXTERNAL WYE CONNECTION

L2
2

L3
3

LOW

1,7

2,8

3,9

JOIN
4&7,5&8,6&9,
10&11&12
4&5&6,
10&11&12

12

4
7

1
4

9
6

85
2

5
2

L1
1

10
12 11

VOLTAGE
HIGH

10
12
11

11

8 5

10
2

DUAL VOLTAGE
WYE-CONNECTED START
DELTA-CONNECTED RUN
VOLTAGE

CONN. L1

L2

L3

HIGH

WYE

LOW

JOIN

4&7,5&8,6&9,
10&11&12
DELTA 1,12 2,10 3,11 4&7,5&8,6&9
WYE
1,7
2,8
3,9
4&5&6,
10&11&12
DELTA 1,6,7, 2,4,8, 3,5,9,
12
10
11

TERMINAL MARKINGS AND CONNECTIONS


THREE-PHASE MOTORSSINGLE SPEED

IEC NOMENCLATURE6 AND 12 LEADS


SINGLE AND DUAL
VOLTAGE WYE-DELTA
CONNECTIONS

W2

U1
W2

U2
V2

W1

SINGLE VOLTAGE
CONN.

L1

L2

START

WYE

U1

RUN

DELTA

U1,W2

U2

W1
V1

OPER.
MODE

U1

V2

V1

L3

JOIN

V1

W1

U2&V2&W2

V1,U2

W1,V2

DUAL VOLTAGE*
VOLT.

CONN.

L1

L2

L3

JOIN

HIGH

WYE

U1

V1

W1

U2&V2&W2

LOW

DELTA

U1,W2

V1,U2

W1,V2

*Voltage ratio: 1.732 to 1.

U1

W6

U2
U5
W6
W1

W5
W2

U6
V6

U1
U2
U5

W5
W2
W1

V5
V2
V1

V6

V5 V2

U6
V1

DUAL VOLTAGE WYE-CONNECTED START


DELTA-CONNECTED RUN
VOLT.

CONN. L1

L2

L3

JOIN

HIGH

WYE

V1

W1

U2&U5,V2&V5,
W2&W5,U6&V6&W6

DELTA U1,W6

V1,U6

W1,V6

U2&U5,V2&V5,
W2&W5

WYE

V1,V5

W1,W5 U2&V2&W2,
U6&V6&W6

LOW

U1

U1,U5

DELTA U1,U5,
W2,W6

V1,V5, W1,W5,
U2,U6 V2,V6

TERMINAL MARKINGS AND CONNECTIONS


THREE-PHASE MOTORSTWO SPEED,
SINGLE WINDING

NEMA NOMENCLATURE6 LEADS

4
3

CONSTANT TORQUE CONNECTION


Low-speed horsepower is half
of high-speed horsepower.*

SPEED
HIGH
LOW

L1
6
1

L2
4
2

L3
5
3

1&2&3 JOIN
4-5-6 OPEN

1
6

TYPICAL
CONNECTION
2 WYE
1 DELTA
4

VARIABLE TORQUE CONNECTION


Low-speed horsepower is
one-fourth of high-speed
horsepower.*

TYPICAL
CONNECTION

SPEED

L1

L2

L3

HIGH

1&2&3 JOIN

2 WYE

LOW

4-5-6 OPEN

1 WYE
4
3

CONSTANT HORSEPOWER CONNECTION


Horsepower is the same
at both speeds.

SPEED
HIGH
LOW

L1
6
1

L2
4
2

L3
5
3

1-2-3 OPEN
4&5&6 JOIN

1
2

TYPICAL
CONNECTION
1 DELTA
2 WYE

* CAUTION: On European motors horsepower variance with speed


may not be the same as shown above.

TERMINAL MARKINGS AND CONNECTIONS


THREE-PHASE MOTORSTWO SPEED,
SINGLE WINDING
2U

IEC NOMENCLATURE6 LEADS


1V

CONSTANT TORQUE CONNECTION

1U

2V

SPEED
HIGH
LOW

L1
2W
1U

L2
2U
1V

L3
2V 1U&1V&1W JOIN
1W 2U-2V-2W OPEN

VARIABLE TORQUE CONNECTION

2V

L1
2W
1U

L2
2U
1V

2W

TYPICAL
CONN.
2 WYE
1 DELTA

2U

1V

SPEED
HIGH
LOW

1W

1W
1U

2W

TYPICAL
L3
CONN.
2V 1U&1V&1W JOIN 2 WYE
1W 2U-2V-2W OPEN 1 WYE

TERMINAL MARKINGS AND CONNECTIONS


SINGLE-PHASE MOTORSCAPACITOR-START

NEMA NOMENCLATURE
THERMAL
PROTECTOR

SINGLE VOLTAGE

MAIN (RUN) WINDING

P1
P2
1

4
8
AUXILIARY (START)
WINDING
5
CAP SWITCH

ROTATION

L1

L2

CCW
CW

1,8
1,5

4,5
4,8

DUAL VOLTAGE
(MAIN WINDING ONLY)
Auxiliary winding is always
at low voltage rating;
capacitor should be
rated accordingly.

THERMAL
PROTECTOR

P1
P2
1

MAIN (RUN) WINDING

2
3
4

8
AUXILIARY (START)
WINDING
5
CAP SWITCH

VOLTAGE
HIGH
LOW

ROTATION
CCW
CW
CCW
CW

L1
1
1
1,3,8
1,3,5

L2
4,5
4,8
2,4,5
2,4,8

JOIN
2&3&8
2&3&5

TERMINAL MARKINGS AND CONNECTIONS


SINGLE-PHASE MOTORSCAPACITOR-START

NEMA NOMENCLATURE
DUAL VOLTAGE
(MAIN AND AUXILIARY WINDING)
Capacitors in auxiliary
windings are rated for
lower voltage.

THERMAL
PROTECTOR

P1
P2
1

MAIN (RUN) WINDING

CAP
CAP
AUXILIARY (START) WINDING

2
3
4
8
7
6
5

VOLTAGE

ROTATION

L1

L2

JOIN

HIGH

CCW

1,8

4,5

2&3,6&7

CW

1,5

4,8

2&3,6&7

CCW

1,3,6,8

2,4,5,7

CW

1,3,5,7

2,4,6,8

LOW

The switch in the auxiliary winding circuit has been omitted from
this diagram. The connections to the switch must be made so
that both auxiliary windings become de-energized when the
switch is open.
ROTATION:

CCW Counter-clockwise
CW Clockwise

The direction of shaft rotation can be determined by facing the


end of the motor opposite the drive.
TERMINAL MARKINGS IDENTIFIED BY COLOR
1-Blue
5-Black
P1-No color assigned
2-White
6-No color assigned
P2-Brown
3-Orange
7-No color assigned
4-Yellow
8-Red
NEMA MG 1-1998 (Rev. 3), 2.41. Note: May not apply for some
definite-purpose motors.

TERMINAL MARKINGS AND CONNECTIONS


FOR DC MOTORS (NEMA NOMENCLATURE)

SHUNT MOTOR
SHUNT FIELD

INTERPOLES

F1

A1

ARMATURE

A2

LINE

F2

LINE

COMPOUND MOTOR
SHUNT FIELD

INTERPOLES
F1

A1

ARMATURE

A2

SERIES
FIELD
S1
S2

LINE

F2

LINE

SERIES MOTOR

INTERPOLES

A1

LINE

ARMATURE

SERIES
FIELD
A2

S1

S2

LINE

All connections are for counterclockwise rotation facing the end


opposite the drive. For clockwise rotation, interchange A1 and A2.
Some manufacturers connect the interpole winding on the A2 side
of the armature.
When the shunt field is separately excited, the same polarities
must be observed for a given rotation.
10

TERMINAL MARKINGS AND CONNECTIONS


FOR DC GENERATORS (NEMA NOMENCLATURE)

SHUNT GENERATOR
SHUNT FIELD

INTERPOLES
F1

A1

ARMATURE

LINE

A2

F2

LINE

COMPOUND GENERATOR
SHUNT FIELD

INTERPOLES
F1

+ A1

ARMATURE

A2

LINE

SERIES
FIELD
S1
S2

F2

LINE

All connections are for counterclockwise rotation facing the end


opposite the drive. For clockwise rotation, interchange A1 and
A2.
Some manufacturers connect the interpole winding on the A2
side of the armature.
For the above generators, the shunt field may be either selfexcited or separately excited. When it is self-excited, connections
should be made as shown by the dotted lines. When the shunt
field is separately excited, it is usually isolated from the other
windings of the machine, but the polarity or the voltage applied
to the shunt field should be as shown for the particular rotation
and armature polarity.
NEMA MG 1-1998 (Rev. 3), 2.14, Note 5.

11

FULL-LOAD CURRENTS OF DC MOTORS*


(RUNNING AT BASE SPEED)

*For conductor slzlng only.


FULL-LOAD CURRENT IN AMPERES

HP
.25
.33
.5
.75
1
1.5
2
3
5
7.5
10
15
20
25
30
40
50
60
75
100
125
150
200

90V
4.0
5.2
6.8
9.6
12.2

RATED ARMATURE VOLTAGE


120V
180V
240V
500V
3.1
2.0
1.6

4.1
2.6
2.0

5.4
3.4
2.7

7.6
4.8
3.8

9.5
6.1
4.7

13.2
8.3
6.6

17
10.8
8.5

25
16
12.2

40
27
20

58

29
13.6
76

38
18

55
27

72
34

89
43

106
51

140
67

173
83

206
99

255
123

341
164

425
205

506
246

675
330

550V

12.2
16
24
31
38
46
61
75
90
111
148
185
222
294

OVER 200 HP
Approx.
Amps/hp

3.4

1.7

1.5

These are average direct-current quantities.


Branch-circuit conductors supplying a single motor shall have an ampacity
not less than 125 percent of the motor full-load current rating.
Armature current varies inversely as applied voltage.
Example: 40 hp motor, 300 volt armature
240
Armature current =140 x = 112 amps
300
The above table is based on Table 430.147 of the National Electrical

Code , 2002. National Electrical Code and NEC are registered trade
marks of the National Fire Protection Association, Inc. Quincy, MA 02269.

13

FULL-LOAD CURRENTS
THREE-PHASE SQUIRREL CAGE
AND WOUND-ROTOR MOTORS*
*For conductor sizing only
FULL-LOAD CURRENT IN AMPERES

HP
.5
.75
1
1.5
2
3
5
7.5
10
15
20
25
30
40
50
60
75
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500

200V
2.5
3.7
4.8
6.9
7.8
11.0
17.5
25.3
32.2
48.3
62.1
78.2
92
120
150
177
221
285
359
414
552

208V
2.4
3.5
4.6
6.6
7.5
10.6
16.7
24.2
30.8
46.2
59.4
74.8
88
114
143
169
211
273
343
396
528

230V
2.2
3.2
4.2
6.0
6.8
9.6
15.2
22
28
42
54
68
80
104
130
154
192
248
312
360
480

460V
1.1
1.6
2.1
3.0
3.4
4.8
7.6
11
14
21
27
34
40
52
65
77
96
124
156
180
240
302
361
414
477
515
590

575V
0.9
1.3
1.7
2.4
2.7
3.9
6.1
9
11
17
22
27
32
41
52
62
77
99
125
144
192
242
289
336
382
412
472

2.64

2.4

1.2

.96

2300V 4000V

16
9
20
11
26
14
31
18
37
21
49
28
60
35
72
41
83
48
95
55
103
59
118
68

OVER 200 HP
Approx.
Amps/hp

2.75

.24

.14

Branch-circuit conductors supplying a single motor shall have an


ampacity not less than 125 percent of the motor full-load current rating.
Based on Table 430.150 of the National Electrical Code, 2002.

14

FULL-LOAD CURRENTS
THREE-PHASE SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS (UNITY
POWER FACTOR) AND SINGLE-PHASE MOTORS*
*For conductor sizing only

THREE-PHASE SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS


FULL-LOAD CURRENT IN AMPERES

HP
100
125
150
200
250
300

460V
100
125
150
200
250
300

RATED VOLTAGE
575V
2300V
80
20
100
25
120
30
160
40
200
50
240
60

350
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000

353
403
500
600
705
805
905
960

282
322
400
480
564
644
724
768

71
80
100
120
141
161
181
192

4000V
12
14
17
23
29
35
41
46
58
69
81
93
104
110

SINGLE-PHASE MOTORS
FULL-LOAD CURRENT IN AMPERES

RATED VOLTAGE
HP
.167
.25
.34
.5
.75
1
1.5
2
3
5
7.5
10

115V
4.4
5.8
7.2
9.8
13.8
16
20
24
34
56
80
100

200V
2.5
3.3
4.1
5.6
7.9
9.2
11.5
13.8
19.6
32.2
46
57.5

208V
2.4
3.2
4.0
5.4
7.6
8.8
11
13.2
18.7
30.8
44
55

230V
2.2
2.9
3.6
4.9
6.9
8
10
12
17
28
40
50

Branch-circuit conductors supplying a single motor shall have an ampacity


not less than 125 percent of the motor full-load current rating.
Based on Table 430.148 of the National Electrical Code, 2002.

15

MAXIMUM LOCKED-ROTOR CURRENTS


THREE-PHASE SQUIRREL CAGE MOTORS
NEMA DESIGNS B, C AND D
LOCKED-ROTOR CURRENT IN AMPERES

RATED VOLTAGE, 60 Hz
HP

200V

230V

23
29
34

20
25
30

10
12
15

8
10
12

1.5
2
3

46
57
74

40
50
64

20
25
32

16
20
26

5
7.5
10

106
146
186

92
127
162

46
63
81

37
51
65

15
20
25

267
333
420

232
290
365

116
145
182

93
116
146

30
40
50

500
667
834

435
580
725

217
290
362

174
232
290

60
75
100

1000
1250
1665

870
1085
1450

435
542
725

348
434
580

87
108
145

50
62
83

125
150
200

2085
2500
3335

1815
2170
2900

907
1085
1450

726
868
1160

181
217
290

104
125
167

250
300
350

4200
5060
5860

3650
4400
5100

1825
2200
2550

1460
1760
2040

365
440
510

210
253
293

400
450
500

6670
7470
8340

5800
6500
7250

2900
3250
3625

2320
2600
2900

580
650
725

333
374
417

.5
.75

460V

575V

2300V 4000V

The locked-rotor current of Design B, C and D constant-speed induction


motors, when measured with rated voltage and frequency impressed
and with rotor locked, shall not exceed the above values.
Reference: NEMA MG 1-1998 (Rev. 3), 12.35.1. See NEMA MG 1-1998
(Rev. 3), 12.35.3 for 50 Hz, 380 volts.

16

GENERAL SPEED-TORQUE
CHARACTERISTICS
THREE-PHASE INDUCTION MOTORS
100

Speed (% of synchronous speed)

Design D
(5 % slip)

80

60
Design A

40
Design C

Design B

20

50

100

150

200

250

300

Torque (% of full-load torque)

NEMA
DESIGN

LOCKED
ROTOR
TORQUE

LOCKED
BREAKDOWN ROTOR
TORQUE
CURRENT

SLIP

RELATIVE
EFFICIENCY

70 - 275%*
175 - 300%*
600 - 800% 0.5-5% Medium
or High
Applications: Fans, blowers, centrifugal pumps and compressors,
motor-generator sets, etc., where starting torque requirements are
relatively low.

200 - 250%*

190 - 225%*

600 - 800% 1-5%

Medium

Applications: Conveyors, crushers, stirring machines, agitators,


reciprocating pumps and compressors, etc., where starting under
load is required.
D

275%

275%

600 - 800% 5%

Medium

Applications: High peak loads with or without flywheels, such as


punch presses, shears,elevators, extractors, winches, hoists, oil-well
pumping, and wire-drawing machines.
Based on NEMA MG 10-2001, Table 1. NEMA Design A is a variation of Design B
having higher locked-rotor current.
*Higher values are for motors having lower horsepower ratings.

17

FULL-LOAD EFFICIENCIES
THREE-PHASE, SQUIRREL CAGE, ENERGY
EFFICIENT OPEN MOTORS (NEMA DESIGNS A AND B)

2 POLE
HP

1.0
1.5
2.0
3.0
5.0
7.5
10.0
15.0
20.0
25.0
30.0
40.0
50.0
60.0
75.0
100.0
125.0
150.0
200.0
250.0
300.0
350.0
400.0
450.0
500.0

NOMINAL
EFFICIENCY

82.5
84.0
84.0
85.5
87.5
88.5
89.5
90.2
91.0
91.0
91.7
92.4
93.0
93.0
93.0
93.6
93.6
94.5
94.5
95.0
95.0
95.4
95.8
95.8

4 POLE

6 POLE

MINIMUM
NOMINAL
MINIMUM
NOMINAL
EFFICIENCY EFFICIENCY EFFICIENCY EFFICIENCY

80.0
81.5
81.5
82.5
85.5
86.5
87.5
88.5
89.5
89.5
90.2
91.0
91.7
91.7
91.7
92.4
92.4
93.6
93.6
94.1
94.1
94.5
95.0
95.0

82.5
84.0
84.0
86.5
87.5
88.5
89.5
91.0
91.0
91.7
92.4
93.0
93.0
93.6
94.1
94.1
94.5
95.0
95.0
95.4
95.4
95.4
95.4
95.8
95.8

80.0
81.5
81.5
84.0
85.5
86.5
87.5
89.5
89.5
90.2
91.0
91.7
91.7
92.4
93.0
93.0
93.6
94.1
94.1
94.5
94.5
94.5
94.5
95.0
95.0

80.0
84.0
85.5
86.5
87.5
88.5
90.2
90.2
91.0
91.7
92.4
93.0
93.0
93.6
93.6
94.1
94.1
94.5
94.5
95.4
95.4
95.4

MINIMUM
EFFICIENCY

77.0
81.5
82.5
84.0
85.5
86.5
88.5
88.5
89.5
90.2
91.0
91.7
91.7
92.4
92.4
93.0
93.0
93.6
93.6
94.5
94.5
94.5

The full load efficiency of Design A and B motors rated 600 volts or less,
when operating at rated voltage and frequency, shall not be less than the
minimum efficiency listed in the table above for the motor to be classified
as energy efficient. Nominal efficiency represents a value which should
be used to compute the energy consumption of a motor or group of motors.
Reference: NEMA MG 1-1998 (Rev. 3), 12.60, Table 12-11.
The Energy Policy Act of 1992 (USA): The nominal full-load efficiency of
electric motors as specified in the Energy Policy Act of 1992 is the same
as that listed in the table for 1.0 to 200.0 hp motors.

18

FULL-LOAD EFFICIENCIES
THREE-PHASE, SQUIRREL CAGE, ENERGY EFFICIENT
ENCLOSED MOTORS (NEMA DESIGNS A AND B)

2 POLE
HP

4 POLE

NOMINAL
MINIMUM
NOMINAL
EFFICIENCY EFFICIENCY EFFICIENCY

6 POLE

MINIMUM
NOMINAL
MINIMUM
EFFICIENCY EFFICIENCY EFFICIENCY

1.0
1.5
2.0

75.5
82.5
84.0

72.0
80.0
81.5

82.5
84.0
84.0

80.0
81.5
81.5

80.0
85.5
86.5

77.0
82.5
84.0

3.0
5.0
7.5

85.5
87.5
88.5

82.5
85.5
86.5

87.5
87.5
89.5

85.5
85.5
87.5

87.5
87.5
89.5

85.5
85.5
87.5

10.0
15.0
20.0

89.5
90.2
90.2

87.5
88.5
88.5

89.5
91.0
91.0

87.5
89.5
89.5

89.5
90.2
90.2

87.5
88.5
88.5

25.0
30.0
40.0

91.0
91.0
91.7

89.5
89.5
90.2

92.4
92.4
93.0

91.0
91.0
91.7

91.7
91.7
93.0

90.2
90.2
91.7

50.0
60.0
75.0

92.4
93.0
93.0

91.0
91.7
91.7

93.0
93.6
94.1

91.7
92.4
93.0

93.0
93.6
93.6

91.7
92.4
92.4

100.0
125.0
150.0

93.6
94.5
94.5

92.4
93.6
93.6

94.5
94.5
95.0

93.6
93.6
94.1

94.1
94.1
95.0

93.0
93.0
94.1

200.0
250.0
300.0

95.0
95.4
95.4

94.1
94.5
94.5

95.0
95.0
95.4

94.1
94.1
94.5

95.0
95.0
95.0

94.1
94.1
94.1

350.0
400.0
450.0
500.0

95.4
95.4
95.4
95.4

94.5
94.5
94.5
94.5

95.4
95.4
95.4
95.8

94.5
94.5
94.5
95.0

95.0

94.1

The full load efficiency of Design A and B motors rated 600 volts or less,
when operating at rated voltage and frequency, shall not be less than the
minimum efficiency listed in the table above for the motor to be classified
as energy efficient. Nominal efficiency represents a value which should
be used to compute the energy consumption of a motor or group of motors.
Reference: NEMA MG 1-1998 (Rev. 3), 12.60, Table 12-11.
The Energy Policy Act of 1992 (USA): The nominal full-load efficiency of
electric motors as specified in the Energy Policy Act of 1992 is the same
as that listed in the table for 1.0 to 200.0 hp motors.

19

24

NEMA FRAME ASSIGNMENTS

HP

326
364S

20
25

225
254

5
7.5

284
324

204
224

2
3

10
15

203

ORIG.

1
1.5

NEMA
PROGRAM

284U
286U

254U
256U

213
215

184
184

182

254T
256T

213T
215T

182T
184T

145T
145T

143T

364
364

324
326

254
284

224
225

203
204

286U
324U

256U
284U

215
254U

184
213

182
184

1952
RERATE

1952
RERATE

ORIG.

1800 RPM

3600 RPM

1964
RERATE

256T
284T

215T
254T

184T
213T

145T
182T

143T
145T

1964
RERATE

365
404

326
364

284
324

225
254

204
224

ORIG.

THREE-PHASE OPEN MOTORSGENERAL PURPOSE

1200 RPM

326U
364U

284U
324U

254U
256U

213
215

184
184

1952
RERATE

286T
324T

256T
284T

215T
254T

184T
213T

145T
182T

1964
RERATE

404
405

364
365

324
326

254
284

225
254

ORIG.

900 RPM

364U
365U

286U
326U

256U
284U

215
254U

213
213

1952
RERATE

324T
326T

284T
286T

254T
256T

213T
215T

182T
184T

1964
RERATE

25

404S
405S

444S
445S

504S
505S

50
60

75
100

125
150

200
250

444US
445US

404US
405US

364US
365US

324S
326S

444TS
445TS

404TS
405TS

364TS
365TS

324TS
326TS

284TS
286TS

505S

445S
504S

405S
444S

365
404

445US

405US
444US

365US
404US

326U
364U
445
504U
505

365TS
404TS
405TS
444TS
445TS

405
444

326T
364TS

286T
324T

445U

405U
444U

365U
404U

445T

405T
444T

365T
404T

326T
364T

504U
505

444
445

444U
445U

404U
405U

444T
445T

404T
405T

364T
365T

When motors are to be used with V-belts or chain drive, the correct frame size is the one shown but with the suffix letter S
omitted. For the corresponding shaft extension dimensions, see Pages 28-31.

364S
365S

30
40

26

NEMA FRAME ASSIGNMENTS

203

204
224

225
254

2
3

5
7.5

ORIG.

1
1.5

254U
256U

286U

326

365S 324U

20

25

284TS

256T

215T
254T

184T
213T

182T

213
215

145T

184

143T

184

182

3600 RPM
1952
1964
RERATE RERATE

284
324

10
15

HP

NEMA
PROGRAM

365

364

324
326

254
284

225

224

203
204

324U

286U

256U
284U

215
254U

213

184

182
184

284T

256T

215T
254T

184T
213T

182T

145T

143T
145T

1800 RPM
1952
1964
ORIG. RERATE RERATE

THREE-PHASE TEFC MOTORSGENERAL PURPOSE

404

365

326
364

284
324

254

225

204
224

ORIG.

364U

326U

284U
324U

254U
256U

215

213

184
184

324T

286T

256T
284T

215T
254T

213T

184T

145T
182T

1200 RPM
1952
1964
RERATE RERATE

405

404

364
365

324
326

284

254

225
254

ORIG.

365U

364U

286U
326U

256U
284U

254U

215

213
213

326T

324T

284T
286T

254T
256T

213T
215T

182T
184T

900 RPM
1952
1964
RERATE RERATE

27

365TS

445S 405US

504S 444US

505S 445US

60

75

100

125

150

445TS

444TS

405TS

326TS

364U

326U

505S 445US

504S 444US

445S 405US

444S 365US

405

404

445TS

444TS

405TS

365TS

364TS

326T

324T

286T

505

504U

445

444

405

445U

444U

405U

404U

365U

445T

444T

405T

404T

365T

364T

326T

505

504U

445

444

445U

444U

405U

404U

445T

444T

405T

404T

365T

364T

When motors are to be used with V-belt or chain drives, the correct frame size is the frame size shown but with the suffix letter
S omitted. For the corresponding shaft extension dimensions, see Pages 28-31.

364TS

444S 365US

50

324TS

286TS

404S 326S

405S 364US

30

40

NEMA FRAME DIMENSIONS*


FOOT-MOUNTED DC MACHINES

D
2F
B

BA

* Dimensions in inches
FRAME

A MAX

2F

BA

6.75
7.25
7.75
8.25

2.62
3.00
3.50
3.50
3.50
3.50
3.50
3.50

1.75
2.12
2.44
2.44
2.75
2.75
2.75
2.75

1.69
2.75
3.00
5.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00

2.06
2.50
2.75
2.75
2.75
2.75
2.75
2.75

0.28
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34

7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00

8.75
9.50
10.25
11.25

3.50
3.50
3.50
3.50

2.75
2.75
2.75
2.75

5.50
6.25
7.00
8.00

2.75
2.75
2.75
2.75

0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34

1410AT
1411AT
1412AT
162AT

7.00
7.00
7.00
8.00

12.25
13.25
14.25
6.00

3.50
3.50
3.50
4.00

2.75
2.75
2.75
3.12

9.00
10.00
11.00
4.00

2.75
2.75
2.75
2.50

0.34
0.34
0.34
0.41

163AT
164AT
165AT
166AT

8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00

6.50
7.00
7.50
8.20

4.00
4.00
4.00
4.00

3.12
3.12
3.12
3.12

4.50
5.00
5.50
6.25

2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50

0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41

167AT
168AT
169AT
1610AT

8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00

9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00

4.00
4.00
4.00
4.00

3.12
3.12
3.12
3.12

7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00

2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50

0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41

182AT
183AT
184AT
185AT

9.00
9.00
9.00
9.00

6.50
7.00
7.50
8.25

4.50
4.50
4.50
4.50

3.75
3.75
3.75
3.75

4.50
5.00
5.50
6.25

2.75
2.75
2.75
2.75

0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41

186AT
187AT
188AT
189AT

9.00
9.00
9.00
9.00

9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00

4.50
4.50
4.50
4.50

3.75
3.75
3.75
3.75

7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00

2.75
2.75
2.75
2.75

0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41

1810AT
213AT
214AT
215AT

9.00
10.50
10.50
10.50

13.00
7.50
8.25
9.00

4.50
5.25
5.25
5.25

3.75
4.25
4.25
4.25

11.00
5.50
6.25
7.00

2.75
3.50
3.50
3.50

0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41

216AT
217AT
218AT
219AT

10.50
10.50
10.50
10.50

10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00

5.25
5.25
5.25
5.25

4.25
4.25
4.25
4.25

8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00

3.50
3.50
3.50
3.50

0.41
0.41
0.41
0.41

2110AT
253AT
254AT
255AT

10.50
12.50
12.50
12.50

14.50
9.50
10.75
11.50

5.25
6.25
6.25
6.25

4.25
5.00
5.00
5.00

12.50
7.00
8.25
9.00

3.50
4.25
4.25
4.25

0.41
0.53
0.53
0.53

256AT
257AT
258AT
259AT

12.50
12.50
12.50
12.50

12.50
13.50
15.00
16.50

6.25
6.25
6.25
6.25

5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00

10.00
11.00
12.50
14.00

4.25
4.25
4.25
4.25

0.53
0.53
0.53
0.53

42
48
56
56H
142AT
143AT
144AT
145AT

7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00

146AT
147AT
148AT
149AT

44

B MAX

NEMA FRAME DIMENSIONS*


FOOT-MOUNTED DC MACHINESCONTINUED
* Dimensions in inches
FRAME
283AT
284AT
285AT
286AT
287AT
288AT
289AT
323AT
324AT
325AT
326AT
327AT
328AT
329AT
363AT
364AT
365AT
366AT
367AT
368AT
369AT
403AT
404AT
405AT
406AT
407AT
408AT
409AT
443AT
444AT
445AT
446AT
447AT
448AT
449AT
502AT
503AT
504AT
505AT
506AT
507AT
508AT
509AT
583A
584A
585A
586A
587A
588A
683A
684A
685A
686A
687A
688A

A MAX
14.00
14.00
14.00
14.00
14.00
14.00
14.00
16.00
16.00
16.00
16.00
16.00
16.00
16.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
34.00
34.00
34.00
34.00
34.00
34.00

B MAX
11.00
12.50
13.00
14.00
15.50
17.00
19.00
12.50
14.00
14.50
15.50
17.50
19.50
21.50
14.00
15.25
16.25
18.00
20.00
22.00
24.00
15.00
16.25
17.75
20.00
22.00
24.00
26.00
16.50
18.50
20.50
22.00
24.00
26.00
29.00
17.50
19.00
21.00
23.00
25.00
27.00
30.00
33.00
21.00
23.00
25.00
27.00
30.00
33.00
25.00
27.00
30.00
33.00
37.00
41.00

D
7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
9.00
9.00
9.00
9.00
9.00
9.00
9.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
11.00
11.00
11.00
11.00
11.00
11.00
11.00
12.50
12.50
12.50
12.50
12.50
12.50
12.50
12.50
14.50
14.50
14.50
14.50
14.50
14.50
17.00
17.00
17.00
17.00
17.00
17.00

E
5.50
5.50
5.50
5.50
5.50
5.50
5.50
6.25
6.25
6.25
6.25
6.25
6.25
6.25
7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00
7.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
9.00
9.00
9.00
9.00
9.00
9.00
9.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
11.50
11.50
11.50
11.50
11.50
11.50
13.50
13.50
13.50
13.50
13.50
13.50

2F
8.00
9.50
10.00
11.00
12.50
14.00
16.00
9.00
10.50
11.00
12.00
14.00
16.00
18.00
10.00
11.25
12.25
14.00
16.00
18.00
20.00
11.00
12.25
13.75
16.00
18.00
20.00
22.00
12.50
15.00
16.50
18.00
20.00
22.00
25.00
12.50
14.00
16.00
18.00
20.00
22.00
25.00
28.00
16.00
18.00
20.00
22.00
25.00
28.00
20.00
22.00
25.00
28.00
32.00
36.00

BA
4.75
4.75
4.75
4.75
4.75
4.75
4.75
5.25
5.25
5.25
5.25
5.25
5.25
5.25
5.88
5.88
5.88
5.88
5.88
5.88
5.88
6.62
6.62
6.62
6.62
6.62
6.62
6.62
7.50
7.50
7.50
7.50
7.50
7.50
7.50
8.50
8.50
8.50
8.50
8.50
8.50
8.50
8.50
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
11.50
11.50
11.50
11.50
11.50
11.50

H
0.53
0.53
0.53
0.53
0.53
0.53
0.53
0.66
0.66
0.66
0.66
0.66
0.66
0.66
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.94
0.94
0.94
0.94
0.94
0.94
0.94
1.06
1.06
1.06
1.06
1.06
1.06
1.06
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19

References and tolerances on dimensions: NEMA MG 1-1998 (Rev. 3), 4.5.1, 4.5.2,
4.5.3 and 4.9.
Frames 42 to 56H, inclusiveThe H dimension is Width of Slot. Frames 142AT to 688A,
inclusiveThe H dimension is Diameter of Hole.

45

66

NEMA SIZE STARTERS

00
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

NEMA
SIZE

1.5
3
7.5
10
25
40
75
150

1.5
2
3
5
7.5
10
15
25
30
50
50
100
100
200
200
400
300
600
450
900
800
1600

7.5
10
25
40
75
150

7.5
15
30
50
100
200
300
450
800

230V

10
25
50
100
200
400
600
900
1600

460V
575V

200V

460V
575V

200V

230V

AUTOTRANSFORMER
STARTING

FULL VOLTAGE
STARTING

10
20
40
75
150

200V

10
25
50
75
150
300
450
700
1300

230V

15
40
75
150
350
600
900
1400
2600

460V
575V

PART-WINDING
STARTING

MAXIMUM HORSEPOWERTHREE-PHASE MOTORS

FOR THREE-PHASE MOTORS

10
20
40
60
150
300
500
750
1500

200V

10
25
50
75
150
350
500
800
1500

230V

WYE-DELTA
STARTING

15
40
75
150
300
700
1000
1500
3000

460V
575V

STARTER ENCLOSURES

TYPE

NEMA ENCLOSURE

1
2
3
3R
3S
4
4X
5
6

General PurposeIndoor
DripproofIndoor
Dusttight, Raintight, SleettightOutdoor
Raintight, Sleet ResistantOutdoor
Dusttight, Raintight, SleettightOutdoor
Watertight, Dusttight, Sleet ResistantIndoor & Outdoor
Watertight, Dusttight, Corrosion-ResistantIndoor & Outdoor
Dusttight, DripproofIndoor
Occasionally Submersible, Watertight, Sleet Resistant
Indoor & Outdoor
Watertight, Sleet ResistantProlonged Submersion
Indoor & Outdoor
Dusttight and DriptightIndoor
Dusttight and Driptight, with KnockoutsIndoor
Oiltight and DusttightIndoor
HAZARDOUS LOCATION STARTERS
Class I, Group A, B, C or D Hazardous
LocationsIndoor
Class I, Group A, B, C or D Hazardous Locations
Indoor & Outdoor
Class II, Group E, F or G Hazardous LocationsIndoor
Requirements of Mine Safety and Health
Administration

6P
12
12K
13
7
8
9
10

CONVERSION OF NEMA TYPE NUMBERS


TO IEC CLASSIFICATION DESIGNATIONS
(Cannot be used to convert IEC Classification Designations to NEMA Type Numbers)

NEMA ENCLOSURE
TYPE NUMBER
1
2
3
3R
3S
4 and 4X
5
6 and 6P
12 and 12K
13

IEC ENCLOSURE
CLASSIFICATION DESIGNATION
IP10
IP11
IP54
IP14
IP54
IP56
IP52
IP67
IP52
IP54

Note: This comparison is based on tests specified in IEC Publication 60529 (2001-02).
Reference: Information in the above tables is based on NEMA 250-1997.

67

NEMA SIZE STARTERS


FOR SINGLE-PHASE MOTORS

SIZE OF
CONTROLLER

CONTINUOUS
CURRENT
RATING
(AMPERES)

00
0
1
1P
2
3

9
18
27
36
45
90

HORSEPOWER
AT
AT
115V
230V
1
/3
1
2
3
3
71/2

1
2
3
5
71/2
15

Reference: NEMA ICS2-1993, Table 2-4-2.

DERATING FACTORS FOR


CONDUCTORS IN A CONDUIT (PAGES 70 - 72)
NUMBER OF
CURRENT CARRYING
CONDUCTORS

PERCENT OF VALUES IN
TABLES AS ADJUSTED
FOR TEMPERATURE IF
NECESSARY

4-6
7-9
10-20
21-30
31-40
41 & Above

80
70
50
45
40
35

Reprinted with permission from NFPA 70-2002, National Electrical


Code, copyright 2002, National Fire Protection Association, Quincy,
Massachusetts 02269.

69

COMMON FRACTIONS OF AN INCH


DECIMAL AND METRIC EQUIVALENTS

FRACTION
1/64
1/32
3/64
1/16
5/64
3/32
7/64
1/8
9/64
5/32
11/64
3/16
13/64
7/32
15/64
1/4
17/64
9/32
19/64
5/16
21/64
11/32
23/64
3/8
25/64
13/32
27/64
7/16
29/64
15/32
31/64
1/2

DECIMAL mm
0.01562
0.03125
0.04688

0.397
0.794
1.191

0.06250
0.07812
0.09375

1.588
1.984
2.381

0.10938
0.12500
0.14062

2.778
3.175
3.572

0.15625
0.17188
0.18750

3.969
4.366
4.763

0.20312
0.21875
0.23438

5.159
5.556
5.953

0.25000
0.26562
0.28125

6.350
6.747
7.144

0.29688
0.31250
0.32812

7.541
7.938
8.334

0.34375
0.35938
0.37500

8.731
9.128
9.525

0.39062
0.40625
0.42188

9.922
10.319
10.716

0.43750
0.45312
0.46875

11.113
11.509
11.906

0.48438
0.50000

12.303
12.700

FRACTION
33/64
17/32
35/64
9/16
37/64
19/32
39/64
5/8
41/64
21/32
43/64
11/16
45/64
23/32
47/64
3/4
49/64
25/32
51/64
13/16
53/64
27/32
55/64
7/8
57/64
29/32
59/64
15/16
61/64
31/32
63/64
1/1

DECIMAL mm
0.51562
0.53125
0.54688

13.097
13.494
13.891

0.56250
0.57812
0.59375

14.288
14.684
15.081

0.60938
0.62500
0.64062

15.478
15.875
16.272

0.65625
0.67188
0.68750

16.669
17.066
17.463

0.70312
0.71875
0.73438

17.859
18.256
18.653

0.75000
0.76562
0.78125

19.05
19.447
19.844

0.79688
0.81250
0.82812

20.241
20.638
21.034

0.84375
0.85938
0.87500

21.431
21.828
22.225

0.89062
0.90625
0.92188

22.622
23.019
23.416

0.93750
0.95312
0.96875

23.813
24.209
24.606

0.98438
1.00000

25.003
25.400

97

USEFUL FORMULAS

FORMULAS FOR ELECTRIC MOTORS


TO FIND
Horsepower

DIRECT
CURRENT

SINGLE PHASE

E x I x EFF
746

E x I x EFF x PF
746

Current

Efficiency

THREE PHASE
1.732 x E x I x EFF x PF
746

746 x hp

746 x hp

746 x hp

E x EFF

E x EFF x PF

1.732 x E x EFF x PF

746 x hp
E x I

746 x hp
E x I x PF

746 x hp
1.732 x E x I x PF

Input watts
E x I

Input watts
1.732 x E x I

Power
Factor
E
= Volts
EFF = Efficiency (decimal)
hp
= Horsepower

I
PF

= Amperes
= Power factor (decimal)

FORMULAS FOR ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS


TO FIND

DIRECT
CURRENT
Watts
Volts

Amperes
VoltAmperes
Watts

Volts x Amperes

SINGLE PHASE
Watts
Volts x Power factor

THREE PHASE
Watts
1.732 x Volts x Power factor

Volts x Amperes

1.732 x Volts x Amperes

Volts x Amperes
x Power factor

1.732 x Volts x Amperes


x Power factor

OHMS LAW

Ohms = Volts/Amperes (R = E/I)

CAPACITANCE IN MICROFARADS
AT 60 HZ
Capacitance

2650 x Amperes
Volts

Capacitance

2.65 x kVAR
(Volts)2

Amperes = Volts/Ohms (I = E/R)


Volts

98

= Amperes x Ohms (E = IR)

USEFUL FORMULAS

TEMPERATURE CORRECTION OF
WINDING RESISTANCE
RC = RH x
RH = RC x

(K + TC)
(K + TH)

RC

VALUE OF K
Material

(K + TH)

Aluminum

225

(K + TC)

Copper

234.5

Resistance at temperature
TC (Ohms)

RH = Resistance at temperature
TH (Ohms)
TC = Temperature of cold
winding ( C)
TH = Temperature of hot
winding ( C)

MOTOR APPLICATION FORMULAS


OUTPUT
Horsepower =

Torque (lb.ft) x rpm


5252

Kilowatts

Torque (lb.ft) =

Horsepower x 5252
rpm

Torque (N.m) =

Torque (N.m) x rpm


9550
Kilowatts x 9550
rpm

For approximation, use:


Full-load torque = 1.5 ftlb per hp per pole pair at 60 Hz
Full-load torque = 3.2 Nm per kilowatt per pole pair at 50 hZ

TIME FOR MOTOR TO REACH OPERATING SPEED


Seconds =

Wk 2 (lb ft 2 ) Speed change (rpm)


308 Avg. accelerating torque (lb ft)

Seconds =

1 kg m2 = 23.73 lb ft 2
J(kg m ) Speed change (rpm)
9.55 Avg. accelerating torque (N m)

1 lb ft 2 = .04214 kg m2

Wk2
J

load Load rpm


} = Inertia of rotor + Inertia ofMotor
rpm

Average accelerating torque =


Where: BDT =
FLT =
LRT =

[(FLT + BDT)/2] + BDT + LRT


3

Breakdown torque
Full-load torque
Locked-rotor torque

99

CONVERSION FACTORS

Length
Area

BY
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

Circular mils
Circular mils
Square centimeters
Square feet
Square feet
Square inches
Square meters
Square meters
Square millimeters
Square mils
Square yards

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

Volume

MULTIPLY
Centimeters
Feet
Feet
Inches
Inches
Kilometers
Meters
Meters
Meters
Miles
Miles
Millimeters
Yards

Cubic centimeters
Cubic feet
Cubic feet
Cubic inches
Cubic meters
Cubic meters
Cubic meters
Cubic yards
Gallons
Gallons
Liters
Liters
Ounces (fluid)
Quarts (liquid)

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

104

.3937
12.0
.3048
2.54
25.4
.6214
3.281
39.37
1.094
5280.0
1.609
.03937
.9144

TO OBTAIN
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Inches
Inches
Meters
Centimeters
Millimeters
Miles
Feet
Inches
Yards
Feet
Kilometers
Inches
Meters

7.854x10-7
.7854
.155
144.0
.0929
6.452
10.764
1.196
.00155
1.273
.8361

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Square inches
Square mils
Square inches
Square inches
Square meters
Square centimeters
Square feet
Square yards
Square inches
Circular mils
Square meters

.061
.0283
7.481
.5541
35.31
1.308
264.2
.7646
.1337
3.785
.2642
1.057
1.805
.9463

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Cubic inches
Cubic meters
Gallons
Ounces (fluid)
Cubic feet
Cubic yards
Gallons
Cubic meters
Cubic feet
Liters
Gallons
Quarts (liquid)
Cubic inches
Liters