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~ "'- Andrew P. Bridges, State BarNo. 12276.1 IlRich.ard Nessary, State Bar No. 180682 2
~
"'-
Andrew
P. Bridges, State BarNo.
12276.1
IlRich.ard Nessary, State Bar No. 180682
2
Je~erA.
Golirivea~
StateBar No. 203056
Tern Y. Che~ ~tate BarNo. 209854
3
AlexanderD. MacGillivray, StateBar No. 212770
4
I Wll.,SON
SONSINI
GOODRICH
& ROSATI
Professional Co:rporation
1 650PageMill Road
5
PaloAfto, CA 94304-1050
I Teleph<;>ne:(650) 493-9300
-
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Facsimile: (650)493-6811
7
Cindy A. Cohn, StateBar No. 145997
8
Fred. von Lohnlan,n" State Bar No. 192657
Robm D. Gross~tate Bar No. 200701
91
ELECfRONICrKONTIERFOUNDATION
454
Shotwell
Street
I
SanFranciscoCA 94110
10
I Teleph<;>ne:(415)436-9333x 123
: Facsimile:(415)436-9993
11
'JosephR. Taylor, StateBar No. 129933
12
Jeffrey K. Compto~ StateBar No. 142969
13 1 MaxJ. ~precher\StateBarNo.169285
LINER YANKELEVITZ SUNSlllNE & REGENSTREIF
14
1 3130WilshireBoulevard.Suite200
SantaMonic~ CA 90403
I
Telephone:(310)881-2192
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Facsimile: (310)453-5901
16
Attom~s
for Defendants
17 I MusicCity.com, Inc. (now known as
StreamCastNetworks~lnc.)and
MusicCity Networks, InC.
18
UNITED STATESDISTRICT COURT
19
CENTRALDISTRICTOFCALIFOR~
WESTERNDMSION
20
21
METRO-GOLDWYN-MA
YER
CaseNo. 01-08541SVW (pJWx)
22
STUDIOSINC., et aI.,
lvIEMORANDUM OF POINTS AND
23
AUTHORITIES
OF DEFENDANTS
Plaintiffs,
24
vs.
25
GROKSTER,Lill.,
et al.,
STREAMCAST NETWORKS, INC.
(FOR1vlERL Y KNOWN AS
MUSICCITY .COM INC.) AND
MUSICCITYNETWORKS INC. IN
SUPPORT OF MonON FOR PARTIAL
16
Defendants.
SU1\I1IvIAR Y JUDG:MENT.
DECLARAnONS OFDARRELL
27
l.
Slvfirn.Wll
LIAMCLA
Y SmRKY
ANDREW P. BRIDGES,G~GOR Y
28
, '"'"' NEWBY M. TALLY GEORGE SEAN L. MA %RS, JOHN PERRY BARLOW, 2 BREWSTER
,
'"'"'
NEWBY
M. TALLY GEORGE SEAN
L. MA %RS, JOHN PERRY BARLOW,
2
BREWSTER KAm
E.
RICHARD
PRELINGEK STEVEW. GRIFFINAND
3
RICHARD NESSARY IN SUPPORT OF
MOTION
4
5
6
rNotice of Motion and MorioI!, and
Statement of Uncontroverted Facts and
Conclusions of Law, filed concuuently
herewith]
,.
Date:
Time:
8
Ctml:
Feb.ruary25,2002 1:30p.m.
6 (Spring'Street)
Hon. StephenV. Wilson
9
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Memoran urn m
0082006/001/90045v1
(pJWx)
, Richard Prelinger, hereby declare:
, Richard Prelinger, hereby declare:
1 My nameis RichardPrelinger. I residein SanFrancisco,California. 2. I am currently founder and president of
1
My nameis RichardPrelinger. I residein SanFrancisco,California.
2.
I
am currently founder and president of Prelinger Associates,Inc.,
founder and president of Prelinger Associates,Inc., known in the trade asPrelinger Archives, which I founded in
founder and president of Prelinger Associates,Inc., known in the trade asPrelinger Archives, which I founded in

known in the trade asPrelinger Archives, which I founded in 1985, Prelinger

Archivesis a for-profit archiveof historicalmovingimagesthat furnishesstock footageto the
Archivesis a for-profit archiveof historicalmovingimagesthat furnishesstock
footageto the mediaproductioncommunitythroughGettyImages,Inc., its
the mediaproductioncommunitythroughGettyImages,Inc., its exclusiverepresentative. 3 I servedon the Board of

exclusiverepresentative.

3 I servedon the Board of Directors of the Association of Moving Image Archivists (AMJA),
3
I servedon the Board of Directors of the Association of Moving
Image Archivists (AMJA), a professionalorganization, between 1993 and 1997,
andamcurrentlyAMIA'srepresentativeon theNationalFilm PreservationBoard,
andamcurrentlyAMIA'srepresentativeon theNationalFilm PreservationBoard,
as appointedby the Librarian of Congress.
as appointedby the Librarian of Congress.
PreservationBoard, as appointedby the Librarian of Congress. BeforefoundingPrelingerArchives,I workedasa researcherand

BeforefoundingPrelingerArchives,I workedasa researcherand archivalconsultanton motionpicturesandtelevisionprograms.Between1989and

4.
4.
motionpicturesandtelevisionprograms.Between1989and 4. 1995,I was Director of Archival Development at The Comedy
1995,I was Director of Archival Development at The Comedy Channel and Home
1995,I was Director of Archival Development at The Comedy Channel and Home
Box Office, both in New York City. In 1989,my company pub!ishedFootage 89: North American Film
Box Office, both in New York City. In 1989,my company pub!ishedFootage 89:
North American Film and Video Sources,the definitive compendium of public and
privatemovingimagecollections.I attendedtheUniversityof Californiaat
Berkeley, completing four yearsof classwork in 1979.
5. PrelingerArchiveshasassembledandownsa collectionof over
48,000"ephemeral"(advertising,educational,industrial,documentaryand
amateur)films producedbetween1903and 1990. Approximately60%of this
material is in the public domain; we own ri~ts to approximately 5%; and the
remainder,currently under cop~ght, is available for on-site referenceuse only.
Weare known in the mdustry for both breadth of imagery and high image quality,
and for our exclusive coverageof many aspectsof American cultural and social
history.
many aspectsof American cultural and social history. Prelinger Archives is a commercial~for:-profit venture. The
many aspectsof American cultural and social history. Prelinger Archives is a commercial~for:-profit venture. The

Prelinger Archives is a commercial~for:-profit venture. The market for our stock imagesand soundSis wide and continuesto broadenasthe number of

6,
6,
soundSis wide and continuesto broadenasthe number of 6, -2- 1:4)1~ DEcLARATION OF RICH~RELJNGER IN SUPPORT OF
-2- 1:4)1~ DEcLARATION OF RICH~RELJNGER IN SUPPORT OF DEFENDANT'S MOTION FOR PARTIAL SuMMARY:JtJOOMENT CASE
-2-
1:4)1~
DEcLARATION
OF RICH~RELJNGER
IN SUPPORT OF DEFENDANT'S
MOTION
FOR PARTIAL
SuMMARY:JtJOOMENT
CASE NO.: Ol~8S41
SVW (pJWx)
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mediaoutletsincreases.We licensefootageto motion picture producersboth in

and out of Hollywood; broadcastand cabletelevision networks and production
and out of Hollywood; broadcastand cabletelevision networks and production
companies;software developersandpublishers; educationalmedia prOducers;
companies;software developersandpublishers; educationalmedia prOducers;
corporatevideo producersfor both in-houseand external use;to advertising
corporatevideo producersfor both in-houseand external use;to advertising
producersfor both in-houseand external use;to advertising agenciesfor commercials,print advertisementsand

agenciesfor commercials,print advertisementsand presentations;to concert promoters and theatrical promoters fOi usein conjunction with their eventsand

promoters fOi usein conjunction with their eventsand . , productions; to governmentagenciesat every level; to
promoters fOi usein conjunction with their eventsand . , productions; to governmentagenciesat every level; to

., productions; to governmentagenciesat every level; to artists and nonprofit

organizationsfor a wide variety of projects; and clients in many other market.
organizationsfor a wide variety of projects; and clients in many other market.
Historically, collectors or custodiansof public domain materials have
Historically, collectors or custodiansof public domain materials have
collectors or custodiansof public domain materials have exerciseda high degreeof

exerciseda high degreeof physicalandcontractualcontroloverthematerialin their possession,in anattemptto monopolizetheir purportedexclusivityof imageryandto preventunauthorizedcopying. Thoughwe sharedthis perspective

preventunauthorizedcopying. Thoughwe sharedthis perspective when we beganin business,we quickly found this to be
preventunauthorizedcopying. Thoughwe sharedthis perspective when we beganin business,we quickly found this to be
when we beganin business,we quickly found this to be short-sighted.
when we beganin business,we quickly found this to be short-sighted.
In 1987,we partneredWithTheVoy~er Company,apioneer
In 1987,we partneredWithTheVoy~er Company,apioneer
publisher of videodiscs and CD-ROMs, to publish two one-hour anthologies of key
publisher of videodiscs and CD-ROMs, to publish two one-hour anthologies of key
ephemeralfilms from our collection. Thoughthe first two compilationssoldonly
ephemeralfilms from our collection. Thoughthe first two compilationssoldonly
some20,000 copies,they proved influential in building our reputation as a source
some20,000 copies,they proved influential in building our reputation as a source
for uniqueandevocativehistoricalimagerywithin theproductioncommunity,and,
for uniqueandevocativehistoricalimagerywithin theproductioncommunity,and,
though we had not anticipatedthat they would so function, endedup serving as excellent "demo reels"
though we had not anticipatedthat they would so function, endedup serving as
excellent "demo reels" of our holdings, bringing us new business(as well as
national publicity on every major television network).
national publicity on every major television network).
In 1994,we beganproduction on an expandedanthology of 12 CD- 0 of which were published,that containeda
In 1994,we beganproduction on an expandedanthology of 12 CD-
0 of which were published,that containeda substantialnumber of
of which were published,that containeda substantialnumber of historical filmS from our collection together with

historical filmS from our collection together with contextual material This anthology also brought us a good deal of pressattention and new business. It is

us a good deal of pressattention and new business. It is important to note that we

important to note that we did not prohibit usersof this secondanthology from copying the movies and using them for their own purposes.

copying the movies and using them for their own purposes. -3- 1411~JS DEcLARATION OF RICHARD PRELINGER
copying the movies and using them for their own purposes. -3- 1411~JS DEcLARATION OF RICHARD PRELINGER
-3- 1411~JS DEcLARATION OF RICHARD PRELINGER IN SUPPORT OF DEFENDANT'S MO110N FOR PARTIAL SUMMARY JUDGMENT
-3-
1411~JS
DEcLARATION OF RICHARD
PRELINGER
IN SUPPORT OF DEFENDANT'S
MO110N
FOR PARTIAL
SUMMARY
JUDGMENT
CASE NO.: Ol;.08S4rSVW
(PJWx)
- 231
Our experiencewith thesedigital anthologiesconvincedusthat .1o. 2. widespreaddistriblrtion of our filIns, along with the
Our experiencewith thesedigital anthologiesconvincedusthat
.1o.
2. widespreaddistriblrtion of our filIns, along with the resultantpublicity, built our
3 "brand" in the areaof archival footage Our willingnessto distributefreely in
4 digital formatsalsoservedto differentiateus from the growingpool of other
5 companiesspecializing in this area.
6
11. As a result of our early experienceswith digital distribution, in 2001
'1
Prelinger Archives arrangedto have 1,001of our most popular public domain films
8 digitizedandmadeavailablethroughtheInternetArchivesat
9 www.moviearchive.org.In aneffort to maximizethe commercialvalueof thiS
10 wide distribution, further reuseand redistribution of the digitized films (whether by
1 the communityof peer-to-peersoftwareusersor otherwise)wasleft unrestricted.
12. Our partnershipwith theInternetArchive hasaddressedmany
lZ
13
businessissuesfor us in a promising way.
14
13.
First, by building the largestpublicly available archival film collection
15
on the Web, we have accomplishedan enviable goal --the capability of providing
demo reels to anyone,anywhere,at no cost to ourselves. When a prospective
{6
17 client requestsa copyof a givenfilm or image,oddsarethat it is av~lable online
18 for free. This meansthatour activeinvolvementwith thetransactionbeginsafter
19 the choice ~~ t?ee~,made,and Wedon't have to passthrougn the laborious research
20
stage.
21. 4,
Second,free distribution through the Internet Archive, and from there
22 further redistribution through other sources,has increasedbrandvisibility for
23 Prelinger Archives.
24 5
Third, sincethe imagesin the Internet Archive are freely
25 downloadable,we believethattheywill beusedmorereadilythanimagesin other
26 collections. In the stock image business,ubiquity equalssales. Someyears ago,
27 the director of the Time-Life Photo Collection told me that the most used,yet also
28 most remunerativeimage in her collection was the famousphotograph of the 3-D
~---
-r5EC~TION
OF RICHARD
PRELINGER IN SUPPORT OF DEFENDANT'S
MOTION
FOR PARTIAL
SUMMARY
JUDGMENT
CASE NO.: Ol~8S41
SVW(PJWx)
- 232-
2 3 4 demandfor them. 5 16. 6 1 8 9 11. to u 12
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demandfor them.
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16.
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9 11.
to
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15 KaZaA and Grokster.
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"
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in
5~_~~'fllt
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T,,~
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DEcLARAooN
OF ~CHARD
film audience,all seatedwearingstereoscopicglasses.This picturehasbeen reproducedsooftenasto becomea cliche,but this
film audience,all seatedwearingstereoscopicglasses.This picturehasbeen
reproducedsooftenasto becomea cliche,but this hasactuallyincreasedsales.
From our perspective,frequent useof our imageswill increasethe frequency of
From our perspective,frequent useof our imageswill increasethe frequency of
Fourth,we cannowreferworthybut financially-challengedusersto
Fourth,we cannowreferworthybut financially-challengedusersto
the website,wheretheycangetmaterialfor freewithout ourselveshavingto incur
the website,wheretheycangetmaterialfor freewithout ourselveshavingto incur
anycosts. Wewill still gainfrom thepublicity theygeneratefor us,andthe visibility of theimagestheyusewill
anycosts. Wewill still gainfrom thepublicity theygeneratefor us,andthe
visibility of theimagestheyusewill ultimatelybenefitus.
Peer-to-peernetworks representa very exciting opportunity, as they
Peer-to-peernetworks representa very exciting opportunity, as they
will propagateimageseven more widely without increasingour costs. As discussedabove,Prelinger Archives believesthat
will propagateimageseven more widely without increasingour costs. As
discussedabove,Prelinger Archives believesthat widespread,unrestricted digital
distributionof our films bringsimportantcommercialbenefits.As a result,we welcomefurtherredistributionof
distributionof our films bringsimportantcommercialbenefits.As a result,we
welcomefurtherredistributionof thePrelingerfilms madeavailableat the Internet
Archive by individuals using peer-to-peersoftware products like Morpheus,
Archive by individuals using peer-to-peersoftware products like Morpheus,
By voluntarily "hosting"our films andmakingthemavailableto the
By voluntarily "hosting"our films andmakingthemavailableto the
millions of others in the peer-to-peercommunity, the usersof thesepeer-to-peer
millions of others in the peer-to-peercommunity, the usersof thesepeer-to-peer
softwareproductsareamplifyingtheavailabilityof thePfelingerfilms, extending our reachbeyondthatof theInternetArchivealone.

softwareproductsareamplifyingtheavailabilityof thePfelingerfilms, extending our reachbeyondthatof theInternetArchivealone. To theextentthis is done without imposinganyadditionalcostsonPrelingerArchives,whetherill thefonn

thefonn of hosting or bandwidth charges,this is great for us I
thefonn of hosting or bandwidth charges,this is great for us I

of hosting or bandwidth charges,this is great for us I declareunder penalty of perjury under the laws of the United Statesof

penalty of perjury under the laws of the United Statesof . ~.~~.~ on Americathatthe foregoingis
. ~.~~.~ on
.
~.~~.~
on

Americathatthe foregoingis trueandcorrectandthatthis declarationis executed

~'dt~~ PV; Richard Prelinger
~'dt~~
PV;
Richard Prelinger
2002.
2002.
-5- \4\76S5 PRELINGERIN SUPPORT OF DEFENDANT'S MOTION FOR PARTIAL SUMMARY~DGMENT CASE NO.: 0.1-0854.1SVW (pJWx)
-5-
\4\76S5
PRELINGERIN
SUPPORT OF DEFENDANT'S
MOTION
FOR PARTIAL
SUMMARY~DGMENT
CASE NO.: 0.1-0854.1SVW (pJWx)
- 233 -