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II. Materiale i cercetri

, 1991: .. , .. ,
( 1991).
1981: .. , ( 1981).
1991: .. , - . . ( 1991), 18-20.
. 1995: .. , .. , .. , . ( 1995).
2005: .. , - 1 2 . Stratum plus 2, 2005, 204-255.
Manzura 1996: I.V. Manzura, Culturi eneolitice n zona de step. Thraco-Dacica 15, 1996, 93-101.
Rassamakin 1999: Yu. Rassamakin, The Eneolithic of the Black Sea Steppe: Dynamics of Cultural and Economic
Development 4500-2300 BC. In: M. Levine, Yu. Rassamakin, A. Kislenko, N. Tatarintseva, Late prehistoric
exploitation of the Eurasian steppe (Cambridge 1999), 59-182.

Tumulul din perioada eneolit-bronz de lng s. Suvorovo, regiunea Odesa


Rezumat
Articolul prezint materialele dintr-un tumul, cercetat ntre anii 1995 i 1997 n apropierea satului Suvorovo,
punctul Kale (raionul Ismail, regiunea Odesa, Ucraina). Tumulul coninea cinci morminte, precum i unele structuri de piatr i pmnt. Cel mai timpuriu mormnt (nr. 5), precum i, probabil, mormntul nr. 4, pot fi atribuite
variantei locale a culturii Cernavoda I, datat cu eneoliticul trziu (prima jumtate a mileniului IV a. Chr.). n
legtur cu mormntul nr. 5 pot fi puse un an cu dou segmente de acces, resturile unui kromleh i un vas pictat,
depus separat, aparinnd culturii Cucuteni. Mormntul nr. 3, cu un pandantiv de os n form de toiag, mrgele din
past i un vrf de sgeat din silex, ocup o poziie mai trzie n secvena stratigrafic a tumulului i poate fi datat
cu bronzul timpuriu I, mai exact cu perioada culturii Usatovo (a doua jumtate a mileniului IV a. Chr.). Alte dou
morminte (nr. 1 i nr. 2) conineau vase ceramice, aparinnd culturii Jamnaja din mileniul III a. Chr.
Lista ilustraiilor:
Fig. 1. Tumulul nr. 2 din punctul Kale: 1 - planul general i martorul stratigrafic central al tumulului; 2 - planul
mormintelor nr. 1 i nr. 2.
Fig. 2. Tumulul nr. 2 din punctul Kale: 1 - vas din mormntul nr. 2; 2 - vas din mormntul nr. 1; 3 - planul
mormintelor nr. 3-5; 4-6 - inventarul mormntului nr. 3; 7 - vas din complexul de cult.

Barrow of the Copper and Bronze Ages near the Village of Suvorovo, Odessa County
Abstract
The article considers materials from a barrow excavated in 1995-1997 in the vicinity of the village of Suvorovo in
the tract of Kale (Izmail District, Odessa County). Five graves and some stone and earth structures were uncovered
in the barrow. The most ancient grave 5 and perhaps also grave 4 are related to the local variant of the Cernavod I
culture which is dated to the Late Copper Age (the first half of the 4th mill. BC). A ditch with two passages, remains of
a cromlech and separately deposited painted vessel of the Cucuteni culture have been connected with grave 5. Grave
3 with bone hook-shaped pendant, paste beads and flint arrow head occupies in stratigraphic sequence later position
and according to its features can be attributed to the Early Bronze Age I period or Usatovo culture time (the second
half of the 4th mill. BC). Two other graves 1 and 2 with clay vessels belong to the Pit-Grave culture of the 3rd mill. BC.
List of illustrations:
Fig. 1. Barrow no. 2 in the tract of Kale: 1 - general plan and central stratigraphic section of the barrow; 2 - plan of
graves 1 and 2.
Fig. 2. Barrow no. 2 in the tract of Kale: 1 - vessel from grave 2; 2 - vessel from grave 1; 3 - plan of graves 3-5; 4-6 grave goods from grave 3; 7 - scarified vessel from barrow.

15.04.2013
. . , , . , 10-A, MD-2024 ,
, e-mail: nrussev@mail.ru
. , , , e-mail: zorenka@ukr.net
. , , . , 10-A, MD-2024 ,
, e-mail: igormanzura@mail.ru

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