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The Fruits of Victory. A Sequel to the Great Illusion by Norman Angell Review by: H. M.

Kallen The Journal of International Relations, Vol. 12, No. 4 (Apr., 1922), pp. 589-590 Published by: Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/29738528 . Accessed: 04/10/2013 01:31
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BOOK REVIEWS

589

and too sympathetic later first, civilization, psychologically a greater its growing mind and leadership generating mentally, that it must feel the pride and power, we can readily understand more intensely that its problems must be more emphasized by the very fact of this reaction and growth. C. Dexter, Robert Clark University. The Fruits Norman Illusion. A Sequel to the Great of Victory. The Century Company. New York. Angell. By

is a high argument, There infallibly true, perennially repeated and historically ineffectual, regarding the powers and relationships and which of men, which Plato first set forth in The Republic Norman Angell, having set it forth in The Great Illusion, repeats is that justice or The Platonic in The Fruits of Victory. argument or ultimate the interest of the self-interest is neither happiness or but the harmony stronger nor the interest of the weaker, interests are in play, so that each by doing cooperation of whatever his own work, may be happy in himself and useful to his fellows. if There must be honor, Plato pointed out, even among thieves, carries vocation. Angell they are to prosper in their predatory he suggests, The thief's prosperity, the argument a step further. To continue of his victim. is directly a function of the prosperity he must enable his victim to acquire what thieving successfully, but to enable him to do that, he he himself wants to appropriate, would have to undergo a change of heart and cease to be a thief. As a thief, in a word, he cannot be free or prosperous. of the inevitable Mr. Angell the Platonic analysis applies He shows how the behavior. of men to international relationship of men has made the fruits of de facto economic interdependence sea fruit for the victors; how it negates the provisions victory dead how the persistence of Versailles; of the Treaty and implications its of the idea of exclusive nationalism, with impli? imperialistic recovery. cations, has Balkanized Europe and prevented European what He shows what contradictions of conduct and statement, of nationalism?in exclusive and the policy hypocrisy injustice Platonic terms, the notion that justice is the interest of the stronger the futility of this led statesmen into. He demonstrates ?has as an attainment He of security. the toward instrument policy "the alternative risk of status and con? shows that as between exclusive national? tract," the risk through a policy of armament and the risk and through disarmament, ism, imperalism distrust,

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590

BOOK REVIEWS

and trust, the preponderance of the international cooperation evidence is against the former. What makes for it and sustains it in the original nature of man, the basic is, he thinks, something trend toward in? overrules coercion, domination, force, which in politics, and directs policy economics and even sex. telligence can be controlled, modified, and redirected. This trend, he believes, The repressive conduct of governments and the others in war time is the best proof that their defence of war on the ground that "you is purely ad hoc, since that policy change human nature" to change it. Change is possible, but it can is itself an attempt come about only through a change of heart. is sound and inevitable. His Mr. AngelPs argument political somewhat naive, and his psychological is, however, psychology too much to internationalism like counsel of despair. prerequisite A change of situation or of habit or both is much easier to effect than a change of heart, and just as likely to bring about the de? can't sired results. H. M. New Problems York, in Pan Kallen, School for Social Research. New

Americanism. By Samuel Guy Inman. Doran 1921. vii, 415 p. H. Company, George

The author of this book is not, strictly speaking, a statesman, or a historian; in the a political but he is a missionary scientist, sense has been connected that term. He with of broad, modern in for Latin effort America Protestant missionary many years and an attempt of a committee which represents he is now secretary in the to cooperate on the part of the Protestant denominations in He countries has travelled much the field. American Hispanic south of the Rio Grande, he has met and conversed with many of into their literature, wrestled with their leaders, he has dipped an appreciation of their culture, and acquired their problems, this of life. He has written and their manner their character, of creating a better under? intention the avowed volume with a warmer the two between and promoting friendship standing He has stated the purpose and scope of his book as Americas. follows: In the first place, an effort is made to have the reader share in of and belief in the future of the Latin the author's admiration in drawing up the Since it is unfair, however, American people. balance sheet of our friends to have only the credit side presented, are also of our southern the outstanding neighbors problems

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