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# ANSYS

SOFTWARE

NAME

## Computer analysis of structures

2) a) 2D Case Element type used: Solid Quad4 node 42 Solid Quad4 node 42 is used for 2-D modeling of solid structures. The element can be used either as a plane element (plane stress or plane strain) or as an axisymmetric element. The element is defined by four nodes having two degrees of freedom at each node: translations in the nodal x and y directions. The element has plasticity, creep, swelling, stress stiffening, large deflection, and large strain capabilities.

Boundary Conditions: Thickness of the structure is very small compared to its width and height, So we do the analysis as Plain stress(plain strs w/thk) giving the thickness as an optional input. We analyze the masonry wall considering it is a successfully fixed wall to the ground surface. Therefore after a successful analysis, we can only identify the failure criteria of the structural elements. Results obtained for 2D model analysis with the mesh size 0.1m

b) 3D Case In 3D solid modeling we used concrete 65 for the element type and it is used for modeling with or without reinforcement and it can crack in tension and crush in compression. This element has eight nodes and each node can translate in all X, Y and Z directions. And this element type can represent the non linear properties also. This can model cracking in three orthogonal directions and can model crushing, plastic deformation and creep also. However this is unable of modeling of shear of reinforcement. Results obtained for 3D model analysis with the mesh size 0.1m

Nodal Solutions
2D Finite Element Model X- component of the stress

## 3D Finite Element Model X-component of the stress

2D Y-Component of stress

3D Y- Component of stress

## 3D XY- Direction stress component

Element Solutions

## 2D Finite Element Model

Y-Component of stress

Deform shape

## 2D Finite Element Model Deform shape

3. The effect of mesh size to the results If we use finer mesh for in finite element analysis give more accurate answers however finer mesh require more time and higher computational power. Since finite element method itself is an approximated analysis this should be paid proper attention. Hence for justify this we done repeatedly analyzed by changing the mesh size and when it is reasonably converging for the intended use those values can be taken as accurate enough. For this we use 0.1m and 0.2 m mesh sizes. Results obtained for analysis with the mesh size 0.1m shown above Results obtained for analysis with the mesh size 0.2m shown below

## 2D Finite Element Model

Deforme shape

Nodal Solutions
2D Finite Element Model X- component of the stress

## 3D Finite Element Model XY- component of the stress

Element Solutions
2D Finite Element Model X- component of the stress

## 3D Finite Element Model XY- component of the stress

In both cases (2D and 3D) we can see that the stresses in X and Y direction are approximately equal . we can guess that the 0.1 is more accurate but if we need to get a more accurate results we may repeat the analyze the system with a using a finer mesh that smller than 0.1m