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Sliding doors A sliding door is a type of door which opens horizontally by sliding, whereby the door is either mounted

on or suspended from a track. Types of sliding doors include pocket doors, Arcadia doors, and bypass doors. Sliding doors are commonly used for shower doors, glass doors, screen doors, and wardrobe doors. The mechanism used to operate a sliding door is called sliding door gear. There are two standard types, top hung or bottom rolling systems. Sliding folding door The folding sliding door also referred to as bi fold doors, folding patio doors, sliding folding doors, concertina or folding doors, can provide a solution to the restrictions created by the boundaries of traditional exterior and internal doors and windows. Rcc footing

There are mainly two types of R.C.C. footings: 1. One way reinforced footings. 2. Two way reinforced footings. 1. One Way Reinforced Footing: These footings are for the walls. In these footings main reinforcements are in the transverse direction of wall. In longitudinal directions there will be only nominal reinforcement. 2. Two Way Reinforced Footings: For columns two way reinforced footings are provided. The following types of the footings are common: (i) Isolated Column Footings: If separate footings are provided for each column, it is called isolated column footing. Figure 7.3 shows a typical isolated column footing. The size of footing is based on the area required to distribute the load of the columns safely over the soil . These footings are provided over a 100 to 150 mm bed concrete. Required reinforcements and thickness of footing are found by the design engineers. Thickness may be uniform or varying.

Framed structures A framed structure in any material is one that is made stable by a skeleton that is able to stand by itself as a rigid structure without depending on floors or walls to resist deformation. Materials such as wood, steel, and reinforced concrete, which are strong in both tension and compression, make the best members for framing. Masonry skeletons, which cannot be made rigid without walls, are not frames. The heavy timber frame, in which large posts, spaced relatively far apart, support thick floor and roof beams, was the commonest type of construction in eastern Asia and northern Europe from prehistoric times to the mid-19th century.

Foundations form an imporpmt part of building construction. The forces and moments acting on a structure have to be ultimately transmitted to the ground and this is achieved by means of foundations. The loads on a building are transmitted downwards, floor by floor by means of columns and/or walls. If these are directly set on the ground, the pressures under them would be so much that either the soil will give way or large and uneven settlements would take place. In order to prevent this, the load is spread over a wider area by means of foundations such as footings, strips, rafts etc. At the same time, we have to ensure that the stresses in the elements of foundation like concrete, steel masonry etc. are within the specified limits.