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Alfabetul Limbii Engleze a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z [ei] [bi:] [si:] [di:] [i:] [ef] [dji:] [eitch] [ai] [gei] [kei] [el]

[em] [en] [ou] [pi:] [kju:] [a:] [es] [ti:] [ju:] [vi:] [dablju:] [eks] [wai] [zed]

Adjectivul Adjectivele, n limba englez, sunt invariabile ( nu se acord cu substantivele n gen,numr i caz). Adjectivele stau naintea substantivelor (I like Chinese food) sau dup anumite verbe auxiliare (to appear, to be, to become, to feel, to get, to look, to keep, to seem, to taste, to make,to smell,to sound, to turn, to taste). Dei stau dup verbe, ele nu descriu verbul i subiectul propoziiei (n majoritatea cazurilor - substantive sau pronume). Ex: The examination did not seem difficult. Your friend looks nice. Unele din adjectivele care pot sta numai dup verbele auxiliare: asleep, awake, afraid, alike, alive, alone, annoyed, difficult, ill, nice, sorry, upset, well (She is alone.). Aa cum am mai spus, avem adjective care stau naintea substantivelor: Ex : I like big black dogs. She was wearing a beautiful long red dress. Care este ordinea corect pentru adjective ? 1) Ordinea general: opinion, fact Ex: a nice French car (not a French nice car) "Opinion" este ceea ce crezi despre subiectul propozitiei/frazei . "Fact" este ceea ce este adevarat despre subiectul propozitiei/fraziei. 2) Ordinea normal a adjectivelor este : size, age/ temperature , shape, colour, material, origin: Ex: a big, old, square, black, wooden Chinese table Size: small, little, thiny, big Age/Temperature: old, new, hot, cold Shape: round, square Color: yellow, red, blue Material: plastic, silver Origin: Chinese, Romanian, Franch 3) Determiners usually come first, even though they are fact adjectives: articles (a, the) possessives (my, your...) demonstratives (this, that...) quantifiers (some, any, few, many...) numbers (one, two, three) Here is an example with opinion and fact adjectives: adjectives noun determiner opinion fact age shape colour two nice old round red candles Cnd vrem s folosim dou adjective care se refer la o culoare folosim and. Ex: Newspapers are usually black and white. Gradele de comparaie ale adjectivelor : -gradul pozitiv: arat prezena normal a unei caliti a obiectelor (fr comparaii) Ex : She is beautiful. -gradul comparativ: compar dou sau mai multe obiecte o n msur egal: comparativul de egalitate: he is as tall as his brother o n msur inegal:- comparativul de superioritate: he is taller then she. - comparativul de inferioritate: not as tall as 2

-gradul superlativ: este de doua feluri: relativ (n comparaie cu alte elemente) Ex: The biggest = Cel mai mare The smallest = Cel mai mic The most important = Cel mai important absolut (fa de el nsui) Ex: Very big = Foarte mare Very small = Foarte mic Very/Highly important = Foarte important Comparativul de egalitate se formeaz prin ncadrarea adjectivului: asas Ex: as tall as = la fel de nalt ca, tot att de nalt ca Pentru sens negativ: ncadrm adjectivul n: not as/ soas Ex: not as/ so tall as = nu att/ aa de nalt ct/ ca Comparativul de inferioritate se formeaza ncadrnd adjectivul n expresia : not so(as)as sau lessthen Ex: not as tall as/ not so tall as = nu att de nalt ca Less tall then = mai puin nalt ca Atenie la aceste 4 expresii: So much the better = Cu att mai bine So much the worse = Cu att mai ru So much the more = Cu att mai mult So much the less = Cu att mai puin Expresia cu ct..cu att nu are echivalent n limba englez. (Cu ct) mai curnd, (cu att) mai bine = The sooner, the better. (Cu ct este) casa mai veche, (cu att este) preul mai mic = The older the house, the smaller the price. Adjectivele terminate n e mut suprim aceast vocal naintea terminaiilor -er , -est . Ex: large larger the largest fine finer the finest Adjectivele terminate n y precedat de o consoan, schimb pe y n i naintea lui er si est . Ex: heavy heavier the heaviest Adjectivele terminate n y precedat de o vocal rmn neschimbate: Ex: gay gayer the gayest (vesel). Acest adjectiveeste foarte rar folosit n sensul lui propriu, intrnd n raza vulgar a vocabularului. Adjectivele monosilabice terminate n consoan, o dubleaz la comparativ i la superlativ: Ex: big bigger the biggest Unele adjective au forme diferite la comparativ i superlativ: Good better the best = bun(a) Well better the best = bine Bad worse the worst = rau Ill worst the worst = bolnav Much more the most = mult(a) Many more the most = multi(e) Little less the least = putin Adjectivele posesive: Se pun ntotdeauna naintea substantivelor: My = meu, mea, mei, mele Your = tu, ta, ti, tale His = lui, su, sa, si, sale, dnsului, dumnealui, domniei sale Her = ei, sau, sa, si, sale, dnsei, dumneaei Its (pers III neutru) = lui, ei, sau, sa, si, sale Our = notri, nostru, noastr, noastre 3

Your = vostru, voastr, votri, voastre, d-voastr Their = lor, dnilor, dnselor, dumnealor Adjectivele demonstrative: Pentru apropiere: This = acest, acesta, st, sta, aceasta, asta Those = acetia, aceti, ti, tia, aceste, acestea, astea, aste Pentru deprtare: That = acela, acel, ala, aceea, acea, aia Those = acei, aceia, ai, aia, acelea, alea Adverbul Adverbul este cel care ne spune mai mult despre verb, care ntrete verbul. Majoritatea adverbelor se formeaz din adjective.Ele se formeaz astfel: - pentru majoritatea adverbelor la adjectiv se adaug terminaia -ly : bad - badly hard - hardly - pentru adjectivele care se termin n -le, ca s formm adverb, se shimb terminaia le n -ly simple - simply probable - probably - pentru adjectivele care se termin n y, precedat de o consoan, ca s formm adverb schimbm pe y n i i apoi adaugm terminaia -ly easy - easily happy - happily Excepii: well = bine; cum trebuie fast = repede; strns very = foarte; chiar; prea never = niciodat; deloc always = totdeauna often = adesea still = nca; i mai; totui Gradele de comparaie ale adverbelor sunt aceleai ca i la adjective i se formeaz n acealai moduri: Pozitiv badly far late little well Comparativ worse farther later less better Superlativ the worst the farthest the latest the last = ultimul the least the best

Adverbele sunt de mai multe feluri: - de loc - de mod 4

- de timp - precizat - neprecizat: already always ever just often never sometimes seldom still

= deja, pn acum = ntotdeauna = totdeauna, vreodat = tocmai = adesea = niciodat = uneori, cteodat = rareori = nc, mai

O modalitate uoar de a ine minte adverbele de timp i care ne arat ct de des cineva face ceva: 100% always usually frequently often sometimes occasionally rarely seldom hardly ever never Articolul Articolul nehotrt (care se traduce n romn: un , o ) a = naintea unei consoane (a car) an = naintea unei vocale (an inkpot) Articolul nehotrt este acelai pentru toate genurile. Trebuie inut cont atunci cnd vorbim c articolul nehotrt nu se accentueaza i nici nu se face pauz dup el. La plural nu exist articol nehotrt (atunci cnd este cazul se folosete some = nite, unele). Exist unele excepii : a ewe = o oaie/ mioar a Europian = un european a union = o uniune, un sindicat a university = o universitate Articolul hotrt: Articolul hotrt n limba englez este THE, att la singular ct i la plural, la toate genurile. Ca i la articolul nehotrt, n vorbire, articolul hotrt nu se accentueaz i nici nu se face pauz dup el. Conjuncia Conjuncia este partea de vorbire care leag cuvinte sau propoziii. Conjunciile pot s fie: - coordonatoare = atunci cnd leag dou propoziii de acelai fel; 5

50%

0%

- subordonatoare = atunci cnd leag o propoziie principal cu una secundar. 1. Conjunciile coordonatoare Conjunciile coordonatoare arat ca elementele pe care ele le unesc sunt identice(similare) n importan i structur. ntotdeauna conjunciile coordonatoare se gsesc ntre cuvintele sau propoziiile pe care le leag. I like [tea] and [coffee]. [Ram likes tea], but [Anthony likes coffee]. Conjunciile coordonatoare sunt apte (7) la numr. Ele sunt cuvinte simple, formate din dou sau trei litere. Iat un mod usor i distractiv de a ine minte conjunciile coordonatoare : F A N B O Y S For And Nor But Or Yet So 2. Conjunciile subordonatoare Cele mai comune conjuncii subordonatoare sunt : after although as because before how if once since than that though till until when where whether while Conjunciile subordonatoare leag o propoziie secundar de una principal. ntotdeauna conjuncia subordonat se gsete n faa propoziiei secundare. Ram went swimming although it was raining. Although it was raining, Ram went swimming. Atenie la urmtoarele construcii : ...either ...or ...neither ...nor = ...sau ...sau = ...nici ...nici

...nor only ...but also = ...nu numai ...ci (dar)i ...both ...and = ...att ...ct i Numeralul

1. Numeralul cardinal : zero = zero = 0 one = unu = 1 two = doi = 2 three = trei = 3 four = patru = 4 five = cinci = 5 six = sase = 6 seven = sapte = 7 eight = opt = 8 nine = noua = 9 ten = zece = 10 Atenie la o deosebire de limba romn. n limba englez se folosete virgula n locul punctului din romn. hundred = sut = 100 thousand = mie = 1,000 million = milion = 1,000,000 Astfel ceea ce scriem n romana 1,7 - n englez vom scrie 1.7 = one point seven. 2. Numeralul ordinal: first = prim; second = al doilea third = al treilea; a treia De la patru n sus, numealul ordinal se formeaz din numeralul cardinal + th (dar atenie ca -y se nlocuiete cu - ieth). fourth = al patrulea fifth = al cincilea sixth = al saselea seventh = al saptelea eighth = al optulea ninth = al noualea tenth = al zecelea eleventh = al unsprezecelea twelfth = al doisprezecelea thierteenth = al treisprezecelea twentieth = al douazecilea thirtieth = al treizecilea fiftieth = al cincecilea Datele se exprim n limba englez cu numeralul ordinal : The first of May sau May the first 3. Numeralul multiplicativ: once = o data; twice = de doua ori; De la trei n sus, numeralele multiplicative se formeaz din cel cardinal + times three times = de trei ori four times = de patru ori 4. Numeralele fractionale: one whole = un ntreg (o unitate) one haf = o jumtate = 1/2 7

one third = o treime = 1/3 one quarter = un sfert, o ptrime = 1/4 one tenth = o zecime = 1/10 Prepoziia Prepoziiile sunt cuvintele care fac legtura ntre prile de vorbire. Sunt peste 150 de prepoziii n limba englez. Lista cu cele mai uzuale prepoziii le gsii la Cuvinte necesare/ Prepoziii. Prepoziii de loc: n general se ine cont de urmtoarele reguli: at = pentru un punct, un reper in = pentru o anumit zon on = pentru o suprafa Iat aici cteva exemple: at punct, un reper at the corner at the bus stop at the door at the top of the page at the end of the road at the entrance at the crossroads at the entrance in zon in the garden in London in France in a box in my pocket in my wallet in a building in a car on suprafa on the wall on the ceiling on the door on the cover on the floor on the carpet on the menu on a page

Exist expresii standard cu prepoziiile de loc. Iat-le : at at home at work at school at university at college at the top at the bottom at the side at reception in in a car in a taxi in a helicopter in a boat in a lift (elevator) in the newspaper in the sky in a row in Oxford Street on on a bus on a train on a plane on a ship on a bicycle, on a motorbike on a horse, on an elephant on the radio, on television on the left, on the right on the way

2. Prepoziiile de timp: at = atunci cnd timpul este precizat in = pentru luni, ani, secole i perioade lungi on = pentru zile i date Iat cteva exemple: 8

at timp precizat at 3 o'clock at 10.30am at noon at dinnertime at bedtime at sunrise at sunset at the moment

in on luni, ani, secole i perioade zile i date lungi in May on Sunday in summer on Tuesdays in the summer on 25 Dec. 2010 on 6 March on Christmas Day in 1990 on Independence Day in the 1990s in the next century in the past/future on my birthday on New Year's Eve

Atunci cnd folosim last, next, every, this - nu folosim i at, in, on. Exemple: I went to London last June. (not in last June) He's coming back next Tuesday. (not on next Tuesday) I go home every Easter. (not at every Easter) We'll call you this evening. (not in this evening) Pronumele Pronumele personale: Nominativ: I = eu you = tu, dumneata, dumneavoastr he = el, dnsul, dumnealui she = ea, dumneaei we = noi you = voi they = ei, ele, dnii, dnsele, dumnealor Acuzativ-dativ: me = mi-, m, pe mine, mi you = ti, te, pe tine, i, dumitale, dumneavoastr him = i-, l-, pe el, i,(lui) her = i-, -o, pe ea, i us = ne-, nou, pe noi you = v-, vou, pe voi them = i-, le-, loe, pe ei, pe ele Pronumele reflexive: myself = eu nsumi/ nsmi, pe mine nsumi/ nsmi yourself = tu nsui/ nsi, pe tine nsui/ nsi himself = el nsui/ pe el nsui herself = ea nsi/ pe ea nsi ourselves = noi nine, pe noi nine yourselves = voi niv, pe voi niv oneself = pe sine nsui (nsi) Pronumele posesiv: mine = al meu, a mea, ale mele, ai mei yours = al tu, a ta, ale tale, ai ti 9

his = al lui, a lui, ale lui, ai lui hers = a ei, ale ei, al ei, ai ei ours = a noastr, al nostru, ale noastre, ai notri yours = al vostru, a voastr, ai votri, ale voastre theirs = al lor, a lui, ai lor, ale lor Pronumele demonstrative sunt identice ca form cu adjectivele demonstrative(numai c n cazul pronumelor, acestea nlocuiesc substantivele). Substantivul Substantivul, n limba englez, are patru genuri: - genul masculin = substantive care denumesc persoane de gen masculin (boy, man, son , brother, king) - genul feminin = substantive care denumesc persoane de gen feminin (woman, mother, girl, wife, sister) - gen neutru = substantivele care denumesc obiecte i animale(dog, purse, window, cat) - genul comun = substantivele care au aceeai form att la masculin ct i la feminin (teacher, doctor, friend, author) Deosebirea dintre substantivele feminine i masculine se face astfel: - se foloseste cuvinte diferite pentru feminin si masculin : Feminin Masculin aunt = mtu uncle = unchi daughter = fiic son = fiu girl = fat boy = biat hen = gin cock = coco nice = nepoat nephew = nepot sister = sor brother = frate mother = mam father = tata wife = soie husband = so woman = femeie man = brbat - se adaug un sufix: prince - princess actor - actress waiter - waitress - pentru locuitorii unei ri, terminate n sh i ch, genul persoanei se indic folosind cuvintel: man i woman. an Englishman - an Englishwoman a Romanianmam - a Romanianwoman Pluralul substantivelor: 1) n general se realizeaz adugnd "-s" la substantivul la singular: cat + "s" = cats dog + "s" = dogs 2) Pentru substantivele terminate n "s", "x", "sh", "ch","zh", "z" sau "j" pluralul se formeaz adugnd "-es" sau "-s", dac substantivul se termin n "e" mut. bus + "es" = buses box + "es" = boxes dish + "es" = dishes 10

church + "es" = churches mirage + "s" = mirages prize + "s" = prizes bridge + "s" = bridges 3)- a) pentru substantive terminate n "y" pluralul substantivelor se formeaz adugnd "-s", dac "y" final este precedat de o vocal (a, e, i, o, u). boy + "s" = boys - b) pentru substantivele terminate n "y", unde "y" final este precedat de o consoan, pluralul substantivelor se formeaz astfel: se transform "y" n "i" i apoi se adaug "-es" baby - y + "s" = babies 4)- a) pentru substantivele terminate n "o", pluralul substantivelor se formeaz adugnd "-s", dac "o" este precedat de o vocal (a, e, i, o, u). radio + "s" = radios - b) pentru substantivele terminate n "o", unde "o" este precedat de o consoan, pluralul substantivelor se formeaz adugnd "-es". tomato + "es" = tomatoes Atenie: - pentru substantivele legate (referitoare) de muzic - pot forma pluralul adugnd "-s", chiar dac "o" este precedat de o consoan piano + "s" = pianos 5) Pentru substantivele terminate n "f" sau "fe", pluralul substantivelor se face adugnd "-s". roof + "s" = roofs giraffe + "s" = giraffes - Exist excepii la aceast regul. Unele substantive terminate n "f" sau "fe" fac pluralul schimbnd pe "f" n "-ves". Iat aceste excepii : calf - calves = viel/ viei elf- elves = spiridu/ i half - halves = jumtate/ jumti knife - knives = cuit/ cuite leaf - leaves = frunz/ frunze loaf - loaves = franzel, pine/ franzele life - lives = via/ viei penknife - penknife = briceag/ bricege sheaf sheaves = snop/ snopi staff - staves = portativ scarf - scarves = earf, fular/ earfe, fulare - dar i scarfs self - selves = ins, fiin shelf - shelves = raft/ rafturi thief - thieves = ho/ hoi wolf wolves = lup/ lupi wife - wives = soie/ soii 6) Urmtoarele substantive nu respect nici o regul n formarea pluralelor: Singular alga alumna alumnus Plural algae alumnae alumni 11

antenna (on a bug's head) antenna (on a television) appendix appendices bacterium bison buffalo buffalo bus cactus child corps criterion crisis datum deer die dwarf foot fish goose half hippopotamus hippopotamuses hoof louse man medium memorandum moose mouse octopus octopodes ox scarf series sheep staff (stick or line for charting music) staff (group of workers) stegosaurus swine talisman tooth wharf woman

antennae antennas appendixes, bacteria bison buffalos, buffaloes, buses, busses cacti, cactuses children corps criteria crises data deer dice dwarfs, dwarves feet fish, fishes geese halves hippopotami, hoofs, hooves lice men media memoranda moose mice octopi, octopuses, oxen scarves, scarfs

series sheep staves staffs stegosauri swine talismans teeth wharfs, wharves women

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Verbul n limba englez sunt dou categorii de verbe: -verbe regulate -verbe neregulate 1. Verbele regulate: Cele mai multe verbe n limba englez sunt regulate. Ele se conjug astfel: Indicativ prezent: I call You call He calls She calls We call You call They call I do not call You do not call He does not call She does not call We do not call You do not call They do not ask Forma interogativ-negativ: Don't I call ? Don't you call ? Doesn't he call ? Doesn't she call ?

Forma interogativ: Do I call ? Do you call ? Does he call ? Does she call ?

Do we call ? Don't we call ? Do you call ? Don't you call ? Do they call ? Don't they call ? La indicativ prezent, numai persoana a treia (III-a) singular, verbele primesc un "-s", celelalte rmnnd neschimbate. Pentru verbele terminate n "ch", "sh", "ss", "x" - la persoana III-a singular va fi "-es". Verbele terminate n "y" precedate de o consoan, schimb pe "y" in "i" i primesc terminaia "-es". Verbele terminate n "o" primesc terminaia "-es" Toate verbele din limba englez (cu excepia celor dou verbe auxiliare: HAVE = a avea i BE = a fi) se conjug la formele simple interogative i negative cu ajutorul auxiliarului DO/ DOES. Past tense La Imperfect i Perfect Simplu verbele neregulate primesc terminaia "-ed". I called You called He called she called We called You called They called Forma negativ: 13

I did not call You did not call He did not call She did not call We did not call You did not call They did not call Forma interogativ: Did I call ? Did you call ? Did she call ? Did he call ? Did we call ? Did you call ? Did they call ? Forma interogativ-negativ: Didn't I call ? Didn't you call ? Didn't she call ? Didn't he call ? Didn't we call ? Didn't you call ? Didn't they call ?

Future Tense: Viitorul n limba englez se formeaz cu ajutorul verbelor auxiliare SHALL/ WILL urmate de infinitiv. - auxiliarul SHALL - pentru persoana I singular i plural - auxiliarul WILL - pentru restul persoanelor I shall call You will call He will call She will call We shall call You will call They will call Forma negativ: I shall not (shan't) call You will not call He will not call We shall not call You will not call They will not call Forma interogativ: Shall I call ? Will you call ? Will he call ? Will she call ? 14

Shall we call ? will you call ? Will they call ? Mai-mult-ca-perfect (past perfect): M.m.c.p se formeaz cu ajutorul verbului auxiliar HAVE la trecut (adic HAD) + participiul trecut al verbului. I had called You had called He had called She had called We had called You had called They had called Condiionalul prezent: Se formeaza cu verbele auxiliarele SHOULD/ WOULD + infinitivul verbului. I should call You would call ... Condiionalul trecut : Se formeaz din condiionalul prezent al verbului HAVE + participiul trecut al verbului I should have called you would have called He would have called She would have called We should have called You would have called They would have called Participiu prezent: Se formeaz adugnd "-ing" la infinitivul verbului. to call = a striga, a suna calling = strignd ->

Participiu trecut: Se formeaz adugnd "-ed" la infinitivul verbului call -> called In limba engleza este foarte important sa stim conjugarea celor doua verbe auxiliare :HAVE si BE. TO HAVE = a avea Indicativ prezent : 15

I have you have He has She has We have You have They have Imperfectul si perfect simplu: I had you had He had She had We had You had They had M.m.c.p. I had had you had had He had had She had had We had had You had had They had had Viitorul: I shall have You will have He will have She will have We shall have You will have They will have Conditional prezent : I should have You would have He would have She would have We would have You would have They would have 16

Conditional trecut : I should have had You would have had He would have had She would have had We would have had You would have had They would have had Participiu prezent: having Participiu trecut : had

TO BE = a fi Indicativ prezent : I am You are He is She is We are You are They are Imperfectul: I was You were He was She was We were You were They were M.m.c.p.: I had been You had been He had been She had been We had been You had been They had been 17

Viitor: I shall be You will be He will be She will be They shall be You will be Yhey will be Conditional prezent: I should be We would be ... Conditionalul trecut : I should have been He would have been ... Participiu prezent : being Participiu trecut : been One form to bet bet bet a paria to broadcast broadcast broadcast a transmite(prin radio), a difuza to cast cast cast a arunca to cost cost cost a costa to cut cut cut a taia to forecast forecast forecast a prevedea to hit hit hit a lovi to hurt hurt hurt a rani, a vatama to knit knit / knitted knit / knitted a tricota to let let let a permite to put put put a a pune to rid rid / ridded rid / ridded a libera, a scapa de to set set set a aseza, apune to shed shed shed a lasa sa cada, a varsa (lacrimi) to shut shut shut a inchide to slit slit slit a crapa to split split split a despica to spread spread spread a intinde to thrust thrust thrust a imbranci to upset upset upset a rasturna to wet wet wet a uda Two forms to abide abode abode a locui 18

to awake

awoke awoke a se trezi awaked a implora to beat beat beaten a deveni to become became become a deveni to behold beheld beheld a zari to beseech besought besought a bate to bendbent bent a indoi to bind bound bound a lega to bleed bled bled a sangera to bless blest / blessed blest / blessed a binecuvanta to burn burnt burnt a arde to buy bought bought a cumpara to catch cought cought a prinde to cleave cleft / clove cleft / cleaved / cloven a despica to cling clung clung a se agata to come came come a veni to creep crept crept a se tiri to dare dared dared a indrazni to deal dealt dealt a se ocupa to dig dug / digged dug / digged a sapa to dream dreamt / dreamed dreamt / dreamed a visa to dwell dwelt dwelt a locui to feed fed fed a hrani to feel felt felt a simti to fight fought fought a se lupta to find found found a gasi to flee fled fled a fugi to fling flung flung a azvarli to foretell foretold foretold a prezice to get got got a primi to grind ground ground a macina to hanghung / hanged hung / hanged a atarna to have had had a avea to hear heard heard a auzi to hold held held a tine to keep kept kept a tine, a pastra to kneel knelt knelt a ingenuchea to lay laid laid a aseza to lead led led a conduce to lean leant / leaned leant / leaned a se sprijini (de), a se inclina to leap leapt / leaped leapt / leaped a sari, a salta to dwell dwelt dwelt a locui to feed fed fed a hrani to feel felt felt a simti to fight fought fought a se lupta to find found found a gasi to flee fled fled a fugi to fling flung flung a azvarli to foretell foretold foretold a prezice to get got got a primi to grind ground ground a macina to hanghung / hanged hung / hanged a atarna 19

to have had had a avea to hear heard heard a auzi to hold held held a tine to keep kept kept a tine, a pastra to kneel knelt knelt a ingenuchea to lay laid laid a aseza to lead led led a conduce to lean leant / leaned leant / leaned a se sprijini (de), a se inclina to leap leapt / leaped leapt / leaped a sari, a salta to learn learnt / learnedlearnt / learnet a invata to leave left left a lasa, a parasi to lend lent lent a imprumulta (cuiva) to light lit lit a aprinde to lose lost lost a pierde to make made made a face to mean meant meant a insemna, a vrea sa spuna to meetmet met a intalni to mislead misled misled a induce in eroare to misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood a intelege gresit to overcome overcame overcome a invinge to pay paid paid a plati to read read read a citi to rebuild rebuilt rebuilt a reconstrui to rend rent rent a sfasia to run ran run a alerga to say said said a spune to seek sought sought a cauta to sell sold sold a vinde to send sent sent a trimite to shine shone shone a straluci to shoe shod shod a incalta, a potcovi to shoot shot shot a trage, a impusca to sit sat sat a sedea to sleep slept slept a dormi to slide slid slid a luneca to slingslung slung a azvarli to smell smelt smelt a mirosi to speed sped sped a goni, a accelera to spell spelt / spelled spelt a scrie/pronunta litera cu litera to spend spent spent a cheltui, a petrece to spill spilt / spilled spilt / spilled a varsa to spin spun spun a toarce to spit spat spat a scuipa to spoilspoilt spoilt a strica to stand stood stood a sta in picioare to stick stuck stuck a infige to strike struck struck / stricken a lovi to string strung strung a insira, a incorda to sweep swept swept a matura to swing swung swung a legana to teach tought tought a invata, a preda to tell told told a spune 20

to think to understand to weep to win won to wind to work to wring Three forms

thought thought a gandi, a crede understood understood a intelege wept wept a plange won a castiga wound wound a se rasuci, a serpui workedworked / wrought a lucra wrung wrung a fringe, a stoarce

to arise arose arisen a se ridica to be was - were been a fi to bear bore borne a purta to begin began begun a incepe to bid bade bidden a oferi, a licita to bite bit bitten a musca to blow blew blown a sufla to breake broke broken a sparge to choose chose chosen a alege to do did done a face to draw drew drawn a se a trage to drink drank drunk a bea to drive drove driven a mana, a conduce to eat ate eaten a manca to fall fell fallen a cadea to fly flew flown a zbura to forbid forbade forbidden a interzice to foresee foresaw foreseen a prevedea to forget forgot forgotten a uita to forgive forgave forgiven a ierta to forgo forwent forgone a renunta (la) to forsake forsook forsaken a parasi to freeze froze frozen a ingheta to give gave given a da to go went gone a merge to grow grew grown a creste to hide hid hidden a ascunde to know knew known a sti to lie lay lain a fi culcat to misgive misgave misgiven a inspita neincredere to mistake mistook mistaken a intelege gresit to outdo outdid outdone a intrece to overdo overdid overdone a face exces to ride rode ridden a calari to ring rang rung a suna to rise rose risen a se ridica to see saw seen a vedea to sew sewed sewn a coase to shake shook shaken a scutura, a clatina to show showed shown a arata to shrink shrank shrunk a se strange to sing sang sung a canta 21

to sink sank sunk a se scufunda to slay slew slain a ucide to slide slid slid a aluneca to smite smote smitten a lovi to sow sowed sown a semana to speak spoke spoken a vorbi to spring sprang sprung a sari to steal stole stolen a fura to stinkstank / stunk stunk a mirosi urat to stride strode stridden a umbla to strive strove striven a se stradui to swear swore sworn a jura to swell swelled swollen a se umfla to swim swam swum a inota to take took taken a lua to thrive throve thriven a prospera to throw threw thrown a arunca to tread trod trodden a calca (cu piciorul) to underlie underlay underlain a sustine to wake woke woken a se trezi to wearwore worn a purta to weave wove woven a tese to withdraw withdrew withdrawn a (se) retrage to write wrote written a scrie Cuvinte necesare

Substantive

Accident = accident, intamplare, nenorocire, caz, eveniment, patanie Action = actiune, fapta masura, comportare, influenta, effect , activitate, operatie, intriga, subiect al unei opera literare, batalie, lupta, Actor = actor , comediant m artist Addition = adaugare ; adaos ; (mat) adunare ; in addition to pe lnga; (fam) nota de plata Address = adresa ; alocutiune; discurs ; (pl) omagii Advantage = avantaj ; profit ; (to turn something to advantage =a valorifica ceva; to take advantage of a profita de) Advertisment = advertisement Administration = conducere Advice = sfat ; (pl) informatii Affair = treaba ; legatura (sentimentala) Afternoon = dupa amiaza after-game = revansa 22

after-pains = s.pl dureri care survin nasterii the aftermath of war = urmarile razboiului afterbirth = placenta after-ages = posteritate after effect = efect secundar after math = consecinta Age = vrsta, etate; era ( vi a mbatrni) Agency = agentie ; mijloc Aggression = agresiune ; atac Agriculture = agricultura Aid = ajutor ; complice (vt a ajuta; a salva; a asista) Aim = tinta ; tel ( vt (at) a ndrepta spre; a dirija; a lansa) Air = aer; (by air =cu avionul) Airplane = avion Airport = aeroport Alcohol = alcool Ally = aliat; confederat(a (se) alia; a (se) uni) Ambassador = ambasador Ambition = ambitie ; tel Amercican = american Amount = total ; suma ; cantitate ; (fig) valoare ( a se referi (la); a se reduce (la) amount (to) =a se ridica la, a ajunge) Amusement = amuzament ; divertisment Angel = inger Anger = mnie ; furie Angle = unghi; vrf ; punct de vedere ; undita f (vi a pescui) Animal = animal Anniversary = aniversare Apparatus = aparat ; dispozitiv Apple = mar Appoimant = ntlnire ; numire ; slujba ; ora (la dentist) Approval = aprobare ; consimtamnt Arch = arc Archer = arcas Architect = arhitect ; constructor Area = suprafata ; domeniu ; ntindere Argument = argument ; discutie ; nentelegere ; cearta ; controversa Arm = brat ; arm in arm= brat la brat; stema Arms = arme Army = armata; multime Arrival = sosire Art = arta Article = articol Artist = artist (plastic) Ash = frasin; cenusa Assistant = auxiliar ; asistent ; adjunct Assistance = asistenta ; ajutor Astronaut = astronaut Atmosphere = atmosfera Atom = atom ; particica Attempt = ncercare ; efort ; tentativa (vt a ncerca; a tenta; a compromite) Attention = atentie ; pay attention to =fii atent la interj. Drepti ! 23

Attraction = atractie Aunt = matusa Authority = autoritate ; autorizatie ; mandat Automobile= automobil Autumn = toamna Avenue = strada; bulevard ; alee ; (fig) cale de acces Baby = bebelus baby-carriage = carucior (pt. copil) babyhood = primul nascut (babyish = adj infantil, copilaros, pueril, naiv) Back = spate (he fell on his back =a cazut pe spate; at the back of= n spatele stand back= dati-va napoi!; napoi ; put it back =pune-o napoi; I am back home =sunt din nou acasa) backbone = sira spinarii back-yard = curtea din spate Bacon = slanina Bag = poseta; sacosa;( bag and baggage =cu catel cu purcel ; to bag = a umfla ) Baker = brutar (to bake = a coace; a se bronza ) Balance = cntar ; (in the balance =n dubiu; balance sheet =bilant) Ball = minge; bal; bulgare de zapada; ghem ; cocolos ; Ballot = bula ; bulgare ; buletin ; vot Band = legatura; orchestra; lungime de unda; (tehn) banda Bank = mal (de ru) ; panta , povarnis ; rambleu ; banca ( the Bank= Banca Angliei ) bank-clerk = comis de banca Bar = bar ; bucata (de sapun etc.); bara ; bariera ; jur.( the Bar =barou , parchet ) Barber = barbier , frizer Base = baza ; suport ; postament ; tapla ; sol (adj josnic; inferior) Basin = bazin , rezervor ; castron ; chiuveta , lighean Basket = cos Bath = baie (n cada) ; cada bath-chair = fotoliu rulant bath-gown = halat de baie Battle = batalie ; lupta ; battle field = cmp de lupta Beach = plaja ; prundis ; mal ; tarm Beard = barba Beauty = frumusete Bed = pat Bedroom = dormitory Beef = carne de vaca Beef tee = supa de vaca Beer = bere Behaviour = comportare ; purtare ; conduita ; tinuta ; maniere Belief = ncredere; credinta Bell = clopot ; clopotel ; sonerie ; (bell of a flower= caliciul/cupa unei flori) Bench = banca (n parc) ; bancheta ; parchet ; tibunal; curt, magistratura Benefit = folos ; ajutor ; avantaj ; binefacere ; beneficiu Bill = cioc ; nota de plata ; factura ; afis ; ( bill of fare= meniu;) halebarda f bill-board = afisier Bird = pasare; ( queer bird= tip ciudat) bird's-eye-view = vedere panoramica Birth = nastere ; origine 24

Birthday = zi de naster Biscuit = biscuit, pesmet, prajitura Bishop = episcop Bit = bucatica, strop, farma, particica,s zabala ; bucatica (de hrtie etc.) ; cifra binara ; (a bit =putin; not a bit = deloc ) Bite = muscatura ; ciupitura (de tntar etc.) Blackboard = tabla (la scoala) Blade = lama ; fir (de iarba) ; frunza lunga si subtire ; lopata (pt zapada) , (fig) persoana energica Blanket = patura ; cuvertura ; nvelitoare Block = bila ; gravura n lemn; buturuga ; butuc ; pietroi ; obstacol ; cliseu ; (block of flats = bloc (de locuit) ) Blood = snge, temperament; rasa (de cal); in cold blood cu snge rece Blouse = bluza ; camasa ; corsaj Blow = lovitura (de pumn etc.); soc ; percutie; purjare Board = scndura ; bord ; tabla (de sah) ; masa ; ( board and lodging = casa si masa; on board! =n vagoane! ) Boarder = pensioner Boat = vapor ; barca ; ambarcatiune Body = corp ; trup ; cadavru ; caroserie ; corsaj ; persoana body-linen = lenjerie de corp Bomb = bomba Bone = os ; oseminte ; fildes ; ( she's skin and bone =e numai piele si oase ) Book = carte ; the Book = biblia ; libret (de opera) ; registru Booking-office = birou de nregistrare ; ghiseu Boot = gheata Border = mal ; margine ; frontiera ; plat banda Bottle = sticla ; flacon ; biberon ; Bottom = fund ; baza ; dedesupt ; spate ; vapor ; (from the bottom of one's heart =din strafundul inimii ) Box = cutie; lada ; separeu (la restaurant) ; loje (la teatru) ; box ; palma ; (box somebody's ears a palmui pe cineva ) Boy = baiat ; baietel ; fiu Bread = pine ; ( bread and butter = pine cu unt; slice of bread =felie de pine ) Brain = creier ; (fig) judecata ; spirit ; cap Brake = feriga ; iarga ; tufis ; lastaris ; grapa ; frna ; furgon ; cabrioleta Branch = ramificatie ; ramura ; creanga ; bransa ; afluent ; sucursala ; linie deviata ; ambransament Breakfast = mic dejun Breath = respiratie ; rasuflare ; suflu Bridge = pod ; punte ; pasarela ; bridge (joc) ; calus (la vioara) Brother = frate Brush = perie ; pensula ; matura ; periere; ncaierare ; coada de vulpe ; urma luminoasa ( to brush up a mprospata cunostintele ) Building = cladire ; constructie ; edificiu Bullet = glonte Burn = arsura Burst = explozie ; izbucnire ; hernie Bus = autobus Business = afaceri ; magazin ; ocupatie ; meserie ; comert ; clientela Butcher = macelar Button = nsture 25

Butter = unt cabinet = dulap , vitrina , cabinet caf = cafenea cake = tort ; prajitura ; bucata (de sapun etc.) ; tableta (de ciocolata) ; coaja crusta cake shop = patiserie camera = aparat de fotografiat sau filmat campaign = campanie cancer = cancer candidate = candidat; aspirant cap = boneta ; basca ; sapca; capison ; capsula capital = capitala ; majuscula ; capital capitalism = capitalism capitalist = capitalist captain = capitan car = masina ; autoturism dining-car= vagon restaurant ; spleeping-car = vagon de dormit card = carte de vizita ; fisa ; felicitare ; carte de joc ; roza vnturilor card-case = carnet de vizite care = grija, (take care= ai grija; to take care of=a avea grija de) ; solicitudine ; precautie, atentie ; suparare, neliniste carpet = covor Adjective

able = capabil (to be able to do something = a fi n stare sa faca ceva absent = absent; (absent minded neatent, distrat ) active = activ, energic; agil actual = real, adevarat, veritabil afraid = speriat; (to be afraid of a-i fi teama de; I am afraid not cred ca nu) alive = (de) viu; (Look alive! Misca-te! ) ancient = antic; vechi angry = mnios, suparat; (to be angrily somebody a se supara pe cineva) appropriate = potrivit, convenabil asleep = adormit, (fast asleep dormind profund) available = disponibil; folositor; de gasit awake = treaz; constient aware = constient ( awareness = constienta ) bad = rau, imoral( bad language = cuvinte de ocara); neplacut( bad weather = vreme rea); de calitate proasta (bad translation = traducere proasta ) basic = de baza, fundamental, esential beautiful = foarte frumos, magnific big = mare; important; vast; ncins, mpresmuit; corpolent; ( to grow big = a se ngrasa; to tolk big = a lua pe cineva de sus ) bitter = acerb, aspru, amar; nversunat; patrunzator; riguros black = negru; brun; (fig) obscur, sumbru, trist blind = orb, obscur; insensibil la 26

blue = albastru;( the blues = proasta dispozitie; blues = (melodie) bluz ) brave = curajos, brav, viteaz; (fig) faimos, excelent bright = stralucitor; vese; politicos; luminos;destept, ager (bright faces= fete vesele); brilliant = stralucitor, sclipitor broad = larg; mare, gros, ntins; vast; deschis la minte brown = brun, brunet, oaches; maro, cafeniu; saten; sumbru; ( in a brown study = cufundat n gnduri ) busy = agitat, ocupat; n miscare; neastmparat, zburdalnic; srguincios, zelos, prompt calm = calm; linistit; (to get calm = a se calma ) capitalist = capitalist careful = atent; grijuliu; prudent, econom; plin de griji, ngrijorat central = central; important; principal certain = sigur; convins; oarecare ( for certain = cu siguranta; a certain person = o oarecare persoana ) cheap = ieftin; prost; fara valoare chemical = chimic clean = curat; nevinovat; pur clear = clar, limpede; curat; lamurit clever = istet; priceput; destept close = apropiat; nchis; (close at hand = prin apropiere; close to = aproape de; close friend = prieten apropiat) cold = rece; neprietenos comfortable = comod; confortabil; ( make yourself comfortable = fa-te comod ) common = comun, obisnuit; al tuturor; (the common man = omul de pe strada ) communist = comunist complete = complet, ntreg complex = complex; complicat concerned = preocupat, interesat, grijuliu conscious = constient (de) content = multumit contrary = contrar, nefavorabil cool = racoros; rece; calm (keep cool= fii calm ) cruel = crud; nemilos curious = curios; dornic sa stie; ciudat current = n uz; curent; actual damp = umed dangerous = periculos dark = ntunecos; de culoare nchisa; neplacut dead = mort; amortit;( the dead of night toiul noptii; dead-end = fundatura; dead sure = foarte sigur) deaf = surd dear = drag; scump ( she is a dear = e o dulceata deep = adnc; profund delicate = fin; fragil; delicat delightful = ncntator; minunat dependent = dependent different = diferit difficult = greu, dificil direct = drept; direct; sincer dirty = murdar; obscen 27

due = datorat; cuvenit;( due to = datorita; due = datorie,cotizatie ) dull = tern; mohort; prost; plictisitor; bont dumb = mut dusty = prafos, prafuit early = timpuriu; la nceput de easy = usor; tihnit economic = economic elastic = elastic; flexibil electric = electric empty = gol; nelocuit; fara continu equal = egal; (equal to = n stare sa ) exact = exact; precis excited = emotionat, excitat, surescitat, enervat fair = drept; cinstit, rezonabil; potrivit; frumos; blond; corect false = fals; gresit familiar = familiar famous = celebru; renumit far = departe; mult; (so far = pna acum; so far, so good = pna acum toate bune; far and away = de departe;) fat = gras; garnisit; ( fat- head = prostanac ) fertile = roditor, prolific few = putin, putina final = final; decisiv; definitiv financial = financiar fine = senin; bun; fin; ascutit; (one fine day = ntr-o buna zi;) firm = tare; solid; ferm; sigur foggy = cetos; vag following = urmator foolish = prostesc foreign = strain; extern free = liber; generos frequent = frecvent; obisnuit fresh = proaspat; curat; aprins; ndraznet; (fresh water = apa dulce ) friendly = prietenos; amical funny = nostim; caraghios; ciudat full = plin; bucalat; ntreg (full stop = punct ) general = general; vag; nedefinit ( as a general rule = n general ) gentle = blnd; tandru; prietenos; placut; lin glad = bucuros; mbucurator; (glad rags = haine de sarbatoare ) good = bun; cum trebuie; cumsecade; benefic; capabil; placut; (to have a good time = a se distra; in good time = la timpul potrivit; as good as = aproape; good-for-nothing = neispravit; good looking = frumos; good-natured = altruist; good sense = bun simt ) grateful = recunoscator great = mare; bun; important; minunat; (great coat = palton) greedy = lacom green = verde; crud; neexperimentat grey = cenusiu, gri, plumburiu, sur guilty = vinovat 28

handsome = aratos; generos happy = fericit hard = tare; dur; greu; dificil; aspru; puternic ( a hard nut to crack = o problema grea; hardhearted =insensibil ) healthy = sanatos; benefic heavy = greu; greoi; nchis; sumbru; plicticos; (heavy-handed = nendemnatic; heavy-hearted = ndurerat; ) high = nalt; important; acut; nobil; (high and low = toate paturile sociale ) honest = sincer; cinstit hot = fierbinte; iute; violent; ritmat human = uman hungry = flamand ill = bolnav; prost; rau; aspru important = important; de vaza impossible = imposibil independent = independent individual = individual industrial = industrial injured = ranit; vatamat; ofensat intelligent = inteligent interesting = interesant international = international joint = comun, unic kind = bun; prietenos; amabil large = mare; ntins; deschis (la minte) last = ultim; recent late = trziu; ntrziat; fost; decedat lazy = lenes left = stng legal = legal likely = probabil little = mic; micut; putin; tnar; putin; (little by little = treptat; after a little = dupa putin) local = local lonely = singuratic; izolat; retras long = lung; mult; mare; loose = slobod; liber; larg; imoral; vag;( to have a screw loose a-i lipsi o doaga ) loud = tare low = scund; jos; redus; mic; scazut; primar, umil lucky = norocos main = principal major = major, important many = multi; multe (one too many = n plus ) material = material; esential; de baza medical = medical merry = vesel mild = blnd; slab 29

military = militar modern = modern much = mult narrow = ngust; limitat; mic; strict national = national natural = natural; normal; nnascut nearby = aproape; apropiat; meschin necessary = necesar nervous = nervos; speriat neutral = impartal new = nou; modern next = urmator, viitor; (next to nothing = aproape nimic) nice = dragut; placut; frumos; bun; subtil noisy = zgomotos normal = normal north = nordic nuclear = nuclear old = batrn; vechi; demodat; versat only = singur open = deschis; neacoperit; liber, sincer opposite = opus; omolog; de vis-a-vis original = original; initial other = alt; diferit oval = oval own = propriu; personal pale = palid; deschis, pal particular = particular; exact; pretentios past = ultim peaceful = pasnic, tihnit peculiar = caracteristic; specific; ciudat; deosebit perfect = perfect; complet; notoriu permanent = nencetat, permanent personal = personal; particular pleasant = placut; agreabil polite = politicos; rafinat political = politic poor = sarac; sarman; biet; umil popular = popular popular = popular powerful = puternic pretty = dragut; frumos; placut; mult previous = anterior; precedent present = prezent; de fata; actual private = particular; propriu; secret; intim; (private! = intrarea oprita ) professional = profesional; profesionist public = public; popular; deschis; renumit ( publicschool =liceu particular ) quick = rapid; vioi; ager; inteligent 30

quiet = linistit; tacut; cuminte; placut rapid = rapid; abrupt ready = gata; pregatit; prompt; la ndemna real = real; natural; adevarat; imobiliar realistic = realist reasonable = rational; ntelept; moderat; acceptabil; drept; cinstit recent = recent red = rosu (red-letter day = zi de sarbatoare; red -handed = (prins) asupra faptului ) regular = regulat; obisnuit; normal; adevarat responsible = responsabil rich = bogat; luxos; costisitor; satios; abundent right = corect; drept; just; exact; bun; potrivit roast = fript, prajit rough = aspru; agitat; brut; dur (rough copy = ciorna ) round = rotund; circular; n circuit royal = regal sacred = sacru; solemn sad = trist; mohort safe = ferit; sigur; sanatos; precaut; seif same = acelasi satisfactory = satisfacator scientific = stiintific; experimentat secret = secret; ascuns; izolat serious = serios; grav; de nadejde; sever several = mai multi significant = important sharp = ascutit; ironic; abrupt; iute (la gust); patrunzator; abil; crncen short = brusc; scurt, pe termen scurt sick = bolnav; abatut ( sick -leave = concediu medical) similar = asemanator; identic simple = simplu; necomplicat; usor; neprefacut; pur; fraier; neimportant; incult single = singur; numai unul; necasatorit ( single-minded = cu o idee fixa) sincere = sincer; neprefacut sleepy = somnoros; plicticos; rascopt slow = lent; greoi (la minte) (a slow train = tren personal ) small = mic; neimportant, marunt; umil, sarac smooth = neted; plan; lins; lin; placut social = social socialist = socialist soft = moale; catifelat; fin; nealcolic; dulce; matasos; linistit; milos; slab; molatic (soft boiled = (ou) moale; soft palate = cerul gurii) solid = solid; masiv; robust; durabil sorry = mhnit; suparat sour = acru special = special; deosebit; extraordinar specific = specific; tipic; precis square = (la) patrat; ntins; categoric ( square brackets = paranteze drepte; square root = radacina patrata ) still = linistit; tacut (still life = natura moarta) stormy = furtunos, vijelios 31

straight = drept; n ordine; direct, sincer strange = ciudat; strain strong = puternic; solid stupid = prost successful = victorios; reusit sure = sigur sweet = dulce; proaspat; potabil; placut (sweet meat = bomboana) tall = nalt; exagerat terrible = groaznic; enorm; deprorabil thick = gros; dens; des; prost; (thick with = plin de; thick set = mic si ndesat ) thin = subtire; slab; redus; rar thirsty = nsetat; uscat tired = obosit traditional = stramosesc; traditional trip = true = adevarat; loial; exact top = de deasupra; de sus; maxim total = total; complet ugly = urt; amenintator; dificil useful = util; capabil usual = obisnuit valuable = valoros various = divers; diferit violent = violent; puternic warm = cald; entuziast; milos weak = slab; slabit; apos; nepriceput; moale wealthy = bogat wet = ud; umed; ploios (wet nurse = doica ) white = alb; palid (white coffee = cafea cu lapte; white-haired carunt ) whole = ntreg; nevatamat; tot ( whole meal = faina integrala ) wide = larg; lat; spatios; vast; larg deschis wild = salbatic; barbar; crud; violent; furios; nesabuit wise = cu scaun la cap; ntelept; prevazator wonderful = minunat worth = n valoare de; valoros; care merita wrong = gresit; fals; incorect; rau; nepotrivit yellow = galben; las young = tnar; la nceput; novice Numerale

zero = zero = 0 one = unu = 1 32

two = doi = 2 three = trei = 3 four = patru = 4 five = cinci = 5 six = sase = 6 seven = sapte = 7 eight = opt = 8 nine = noua = 9 ten = zece = 10 eleven = unsprezece = 11 twelve = doisprezece = 12 thirteen = treisprezece = 13 twenty = douazeci = 20 thirty = treizeci = 30 fifty = cincizeci = 50 hundred = suta = 100 thousand = mie = 1.000 million = milion = 1.000.000 first = prim; nti ( first rate = de calitate) second = al doilea third = al treilea; a treia fourth = al patrulea fifth = al cincilea sixth = al saselea seventh = al saptelea eighth = al optulea ninth = al noualea tenth = al zecelea eleventh = al unsprezecelea twelfth = al doisprezecelea thierteenth = al treisprezecelea twentieth = al douazecilea thirtieth = al treizecilea fiftieth = al cincecilea once = o data;( once a week = o data pe saptamna; once more = nca o data; once and again = din cnd n cnd; at once = imediat; all at once = dintr-o data ) twice = de doua ori; (twice as much = de doua ori pe att ) double = dublu Verbe

accept = a accepta; a recunoaste accuse = a acuza acquire = a dobndi; a-si forma 33

act = a actiona; a se comporta add = a adauga; a aduna; a uni to add to = a spori advance = a nainta, a avansa advise = a recomanda; a sfatui; a preveni de agree = a consimti; a fi de acord; a se ntelege (bine) amuse = a (se) distra; a (se) amuza answer = a raspunde apologize = a cere scuze appear = a aparea; a parea ; a se arata; a se prezenta (la) apply = a aplica; apply (to)= a se adresa; a pune (frna); a se aplica; a corespunde; to apply for= a solicita approve = a aproba arrive = a sosi (la); a parveni (la) ask = a ntreba; a cere; a invita astonish = a uimi attack = a ataca attempt = a ncerca; a tenta; a compromite attend = a frecventa; a asista; a servi; a urma (scoala etc.); a ngriji; a nsoti (attend to) a se tine de (treaba etc.), a se ocupa de; to attend upon = a servi; (attend to) a fi atent la avoid = a evita be = a fi , a exista beat = (trec. beat, part. trec. beaten) a bate, a macina, a strivi become = (trec. became, part. trec. become) a deveni; a sta bine, a se potrivi; to become of= a se ntmpla cu begin = (trec. began, part. trec. begun) a ncepe; a debuta; to begin with = n primul rnd behave = a se comporta, a se purta believe = a crede belong = (belong to) a apartine (cuiva) bend = (trec. part. trec. bent) a ndoi, a cura, a nclina; (fig) a aplica, a dirija bind = ( trec. si part. trec. bound) a (se) lega; a bandaja; a obliga; a garnisi cu bordura (pantofii, etc.); a lega din nou (o carte); a bombani; a (se) ntari; a (se) solidifica bite = (trec. bit, part. trec. bitten ) a musca; (d insecte) a ciupi bleed = a lua snge; a debursa, a plati (cu bani din buzunar);a sngera; a pierde snge; a purja blow = (trec. blew, part. trec. blown) (d vnt) a bate; a fi luat (de vnt); a sterge praful; a sufla (la un instrument); a insufla boil = a fierbe; boil over = a da n foc borrow = (borrow from) a mprumuta (de la) break = (trec. broke, part. trec. broken) a (se) sparge; a (se) rupe: to break a door open = a forta o usa; a ncalca: to break a law = a ncalca o lege; to break a promise = a nu se tine de o promisiune; a ntrerupe; to break one's fast = a nu mai posti; to break down = a esua; a se defecta; a ntrerupe; to break off = a face o pauza; to break out = a izbucni; to break up = a se narui 34

breathe = a respira, a rasufla bring = (trec., part. trec. brought) a aduce; a conduce; a purta de grija; a transporta; a reduce; (fig) a pune; to bring about = a cauza, a produce; to bring out = a publica; to bring down = a cobor, a duce n jos (o persoana), a umili, a abate; to bring together = a reuni, a asambla, a recomanda, a reconcilia broadcast = a semana (seminte) din zbor; a difuza (stiri), a radiodifuza build = (trec., part. trec. built) a construi, a dura; (fig) a edifica, a fonda burn = (trec, part. trec. burnt sau burned) a arde; a incendia; a distruge; a arde (caramida, etc) burst = (trec., part. trec. burst) a izbucni, a exploda; a face sa erupa; a rupe, a sfarna; a despica, a crapa; to burst into = a intra ca o futuna bury = (trec., part. trec. buried) a ngropa, a nmormnta; (fig) a nfunda, a ascunde buy = (trec., part. trec. bought) a cumpara calculate = a calcula, a socoti; a chibzui a conta pe call = a striga; a chema; a numi, a califica; a convoca; a rechema; a considera a striga; a face o vizita; to call for a se cere; to call up a suna la telefon can = (negativ cannot, trec. si subj. could) a putea; a sti; I can see a fly there = vad o musca acolo; can (= may) I smoke here? = pot sa fumez aici?; I could slap you! = ce ti-as mai da o palma! catch = trec., part. trec. caught) a prinde; a se agata de; a se mbolnavi; to catch by = a prinde din urma; to catch red-handed = a prinde asupra faptului cause = a cauza, a pricinui celebrate = a sarbatori; (a celebrated poet = un poet renumit ) change = a se schimb (I've change d my mind m-am razgndit ) choose = (trec. chose, part, trec. chosen) a alege; a prefera climb = a (se) sui, a (se) urca close = a nchide; a strnge (rndurile); to close in = (d zile) a se scurta come = (trec. came, part. trec. come) a veni; a deveni; to come across = a da peste; to come back = a se ntoarce; to come in = a intra; come on! = haide!; to come to = a-si reveni complain = a se plnge confirm = a confirma; a fi de acord congratulate = a felicita consider = a se gndi sa/la; a lua n consideratie continue = a continua; a (se) mentine; (it will be continued = va continu ) control = a controla; a combate cook = a gati correct = a corecta; a potrivi (ceasul) cost = a costa; a lua (timp) cough = a tusi count = a numara; a socoti; to count on a conta pe create = a crea; a produce cross = a traversa; a trece; a-si face cruce; a se ncrucisa 35

cry = a striga; a plnge cure = a vindeca cut = (trec., part. trec. cut) a taia; a croi; to cut away/off = a reteza; to cut back = a reduce; to cut down = a rapune; to cut out = a croi Greetings Hello , Hi Salut ! Good morning Buna dimineata ! Good night Noapte buna ! Good-bye, bye La revedere ! See you soon Pe curand ! See you later Ne vedem mai tarziu ! Please Va rog Thank you Multumesc You're welcome Cu placere Excuse me Ma scuzati Sorry Imi pare rau Congratulations Felicitari ! Good luck Noroc , Bafta ! Time - Timpul second secunda season anotimp minute minut year an hour ora decade deceniu day zi centurysecol week saptamana millennium mileniu month luna eternity eternitate morning dimineata evening noon pranz / amiaza night noapte afternoon dupa amiaza midnight Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday seara miez de noapte

Luni Friday Vineri Marti Saturday Sambata Miercuri Sunday Duminica Joi July Iulie August August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie 36

January Ianuarie February Februarie March Martie September April Aprilie October May Mai November June Iunie December

to wet wet

wet

a uda

spring primavara The Body -Corpul omenesc face fata mouth gura chin barbie neck gat shoulder umar arm brat elbow cot forearm antebrat armpit subsuoara back spate chest piept waist talie, mijloc abdomen abdomen buttocks hip sold leg picior thigh coapsa knee genunchi calf gamba The hand - Mana wrist ncheietura minii knuckle ncheietura a degetelor fingernail unghie thumb deget mare (de la mna) index finger degetul aratator middle finger degetul mijlociu(de la mijloc) ring finger degetul inelar little finger degetul mic palm palma The Head - Capul hair par ear ureche nose nas jaw falca mustache tooth dinte forehead frunte cheek obraz nostril nara beard barba mustata tongue limba lip buza

buca, fesa

The Eye - Ochiul eyebrow sprnceana eyelashes gene iris pupil pupila The Foot - Piciorul ankle glezna heel calci instep scobitura piciorului big toe degetul mare toe deget de la picior little toe degetul mic toenail unghia de la picior The Internal Organs - Organele interne brain creier spinal cord throat gt windpipe sira spinarii trahee 37 eyelid pleoapa iris

esophagus esofag muscle muschi lung plamn heart inima liver ficat stomach stomac intestines intestine vein vena artery artera kidney rinichi pancreas pancreas bladder Women's clothing - Men's Clothing - Haine pentru femei si barbati Women's clothing blouse bluza, camasa skirt fusta dress rochie zipper fermoar glasses ochelari lens lentila sunglasses ochelari de soare purse geanta strap panglica, curea jewerly box cutie pentru bijuterii jewerlybijuterie ring inel earring cercel bracelet bratara necklace colier, sirag beads margele locket medalion veil voal bra(ssiere) sutien slip combinezon panties chiloti hose, stockings ciorapi pijanas pijamale nightgown camasa de noapte high heel shoe pantof cu toc inalt coat haina, palton, jacheta sweater jerseu, pulover gloves manusi mittens manusi cu un deget scarf esarfa, sal, basma Men's Clothing shirt camasa sleevet mneca tag eticheta collar guler pocket buzunar buttons nasturi t-shart tricou suit costum tie cravata knot nod pants pantaloni shorts pantaloni scurti belt curea buckle catarama hat palarie underwear lenjerie de corp socks sosete shoes pantofi shoe laces siret-uri sole talpa boots ghete sandals sandale slippers papuci de casa bathrobe halat de baie vest vesta watch ceas (de mna) leather jacket haina de piele cap basca, sapca The Family -Familia The Family grandmothet bunica grandfather uncle unchi mother mama father tata aunt matusa bunic

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cousen var sister-in-low cumnata brother frate sister sora brother-in-low cumnat husband sot nephew nepot (de unchi) niece nepoata (de unchi ) daughter fiica son fiu People and relationships woman femeie man barbat husband sot wife sotie baby bebelus parents parinti children copii boy baiat girl fata grandparents bunici granddouther nepoata grandson Fruits - Fructe

nepot

apple mar apple core cotorul marului (miezul cu samburi) apple slice felie de mar seed samanta banana banana peel coaja (de fructe) orange portocala grapefruit grepfrut lemon lamie lime lamie verde plum pruna prune pruna uscata peach piersica apricots caise avocado fruct de avocado pear para melon pepene watermelon pepene verde pineapple ananas coconut nuca de cocos mango mango cherries cirease grapes struguri raisins stafide olives masline strawberry capsuna raspberry zmeura blackberries Vegetables - Verdeturi, zarzavat pepper ardei eggplant vanata potato cartof chili pepper ardei iute lettuce salata verde cabbage varza carrot morcov asparagus sparanghel artichoke anghinare beet sfecla cucumber castravete garlic usturoi corn porumb broccoli broccoli cauliflower conopida tomato (patlagica) rosie onion ceapa mushrooms ciuperci celery telina pumpkin dovleac zucchini dovlecel beans fasole peas mazare radish ridiche pod pastaie spinash spanac

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