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Service Manual Type MITZ 02 Communications Interface Relay for Optical/V.

35 Electrical Signal Conversion

Service Manual Type MITZ 02 Communications Interface Relay for Optical/V.35 Electrical Signal Conversion
HANDLING OF ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
A person's normal movements can easily generate electrostatic potentials of several thousand volts. Discharge of these voltages into semiconductor devices when handling electronic circuits can cause serious damage, which often may not be immediately apparent but the reliability of the circuit will have been reduced. The electronic circuits of ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd products are completely safe from electrostatic discharge when housed in the case. Do not expose them to the risk of damage by withdrawing modules unnecessarily. Each module incorporates the highest practicable protection for its semiconductor devices. However, if it becomes necessary to withdraw a module, the following precautions should be taken to preserve the high reliability and long life for which the equipment has been designed and manufactured. 1. Before removing a module, ensure that you are at the same electrostatic potential as the equipment by touching the case. 2. Handle the module by its front-plate, frame, or edges of the printed circuit board. Avoid touching the electronic components, printed circuit track or connectors. 3. Do not pass the module to any person without first ensuring that you are both at the same electrostatic potential. Shaking hands achieves equipotential. 4. Place the module on an antistatic surface, or on a conducting surface which is at the same potential as yourself. 5. Store or transport the module in a conductive bag. More information on safe working procedures for all electronic equipment can be found in BS5783 and IEC 60147-0F. If you are making measurements on the internal electronic circuitry of an equipment in service, it is preferable that you are earthed to the case with a conductive wrist strap. Wrist straps should have a resistance to ground between 500k 10M ohms. If a wrist strap is not available, you should maintain regular contact with the case to prevent the build up of static. Instrumentation which may be used for making measurements should be earthed to the case whenever possible. ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd strongly recommends that detailed investigations on the electronic circuitry, or modification work, should be carried out in a Special Handling Area such as described in BS5783 or IEC 60147-0F.

CONTENTS
SAFETY SECTION 1. 2. 3. 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.6.1 4. 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.7.1 4.7.2 4.7.3 4.7.4 4.7.5 4.7.6 5. 6. 7. 8. DESCRIPTION SETTINGS INSTALLATION General Unpacking Storage Site External connections Setting up the MITZ 02 Control signals COMMISSIONING General Wiring Insulation Electrostatic discharges (esd) Earthing Terminal location Commissioning procedure Power supply Energise relay Optical loopback Connection to multiplexer Remote relays Records MAINTENANCE PROBLEM ANALYSIS SPARES COMMISSIONING TEST RECORD REPAIR FORM 5 9 10 11 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 13 14 14 14 14 14 14 15 15 15 15 15 16 19 21

SAFETY SECTION
This Safety Section should be read before commencing any work on the equipment. Health and safety The information in the Safety Section of the product documentation is intended to ensure that products are properly installed and handled in order to maintain them in a safe condition. It is assumed that everyone who will be associated with the equipment will be familiar with the contents of the Safety Section. Explanation of symbols and labels The meaning of symbols and labels which may be used on the equipment or in the product documentation, is given below.

Caution: refer to product documentation

Caution: risk of electric shock

Protective/safety *earth terminal

Functional *earth terminal. Note: this symbol may also be used for a protective/ safety earth terminal if that terminal is part of a terminal block or sub-assembly eg. power supply.

*Note: The term earth used throughout the product documentation is the direct equivalent of the North American term ground.

Installing, Commissioning and Servicing


Equipment connections Personnel undertaking installation, commissioning or servicing work on this equipment should be aware of the correct working procedures to ensure safety. The product documentation should be consulted before installing, commissioning or servicing the equipment. Terminals exposed during installation, commissioning and maintenance may present a hazardous voltage unless the equipment is electrically isolated. If there is unlocked access to the rear of the equipment, care should be taken by all personnel to avoid electric shock or energy hazards. Voltage and current connections should be made using insulated crimp terminations to ensure that terminal block insulation requirements are maintained for safety. To ensure that wires are correctly terminated, the correct crimp terminal and tool for the wire size should be used. 5

Before energising the equipment it must be earthed using the protective earth terminal, or the appropriate termination of the supply plug in the case of plug connected equipment. Omitting or disconnecting the equipment earth may cause a safety hazard. The recommended minimum earth wire size is 2.5 mm2, unless otherwise stated in the technical data section of the product documentation. Before energising the equipment, the following should be checked: Voltage rating and polarity; CT circuit rating and integrity of connections; Protective fuse rating; Integrity of earth connection (where applicable) Equipment operating conditions The equipment should be operated within the specified electrical and environmental limits. Current transformer circuits Do not open the secondary circuit of a live CT since the high voltage produced may be lethal to personnel and could damage insulation. External resistors Where external resistors are fitted to relays, these may present a risk of electric shock or burns, if touched. Battery replacement Where internal batteries are fitted they should be replaced with the recommended type and be installed with the correct polarity, to avoid possible damage to the equipment. Insulation and dielectric strength testing Insulation testing may leave capacitors charged up to a hazardous voltage. At the end of each part of the test, the voltage should be gradually reduced to zero, to discharge capacitors, before the test leads are disconnected. Insertion of modules and pcb cards These must not be inserted into or withdrawn from equipment whilst it is energised, since this may result in damage. Fibre optic communication Where fibre optic communication devices are fitted, these should not be viewed directly. Optical power meters should be used to determine the operation or signal level of the device.

Older Products
Electrical adjustments Equipments which require direct physical adjustments to their operating mechanism to change current or voltage settings, should have the electrical power removed before making the change, to avoid any risk of electric shock. Mechanical adjustments The electrical power to the relay contacts should be removed before checking any mechanical settings, to avoid any risk of electric shock. Draw out case relays Removal of the cover on equipment incorporating electromechanical operating elements, may expose hazardous live parts such as relay contacts. Insertion and withdrawal of extender cards When using an extender card, this should not be inserted or withdrawn from the equipment whilst it is energised. This is to avoid possible shock or damage hazards. Hazardous live voltages may be accessible on the extender card. Insertion and withdrawal of heavy current test plugs When using a heavy current test plug, CT shorting links must be in place before insertion or removal, to avoid potentially lethal voltages.

Decommissioning and Disposal


Decommissioning: The auxiliary supply circuit in the relay may include capacitors across the supply or to earth. To avoid electric shock or energy hazards, after completely isolating the supplies to the relay (both poles of any dc supply), the capacitors should be safely discharged via the external terminals prior to decommissioning. Disposal: It is recommended that incineration and disposal to water courses is avoided. The product should be disposed of in a safe manner. Any products containing batteries should have them removed before disposal, taking precautions to avoid short circuits. Particular regulations within the country of operation, may apply to the disposal of lithium batteries.

Technical Specifications
Protective fuse rating The recommended maximum rating of the external protective fuse for this equipment is 16A, Red Spot type or equivalent, unless otherwise stated in the technical data section of the product documentation. Insulation class: IEC 61010-1: 1990/A2: 1995 Class I EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995 Class I Installation Category (Overvoltage): IEC 61010-1: 1990/A2: 1995 Category III EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995 Category III This equipment requires a protective (safety) earth connection to ensure user safety. Distribution level, fixed installation. Equipment in this category is qualification tested at 5kV peak, 1.2/50s, 500, 0.5J, between all supply circuits and earth and also between independent circuits. Compliance is demonstrated by reference to generic safety standards. Compliance with the European Commission Low Voltage Directive. Compliance is demonstrated by reference to generic safety standards.

Environment:

IEC 61010-1: 1990/A2: 1995 Pollution degree 2 EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995 Pollution degree 2 73/23/EEC

Product safety:

EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995 EN 60950: 1992/A11: 1997

Section 1.

DESCRIPTION

The MITZ 02 is an interface unit which allows the LFCB digital current differential relay to be connected through optical cables to a remote telecommunications multiplexing equipment which has a CCITTV.35 interface at 56kBs1 or 64kBs1. The relay and the multiplexing equipment can be up to 1km apart and 50/125m multi-mode optical fibre interconnecting cables are recommended. The interface unit is usually located close to the multiplexer and provides electrical to optical signal conversion between the LFCB relay and the multiplexing equipment. One MITZ 02 unit is required per data channel ie: for each transit and receive signal pair. The external connections for the unit are shown in drawing F10 MITZ 02. Since the V.35 data and clock signals are between 1V magnitude, the cable connecting the MITZ 02 unit to the multiplexing equipment must be well screened against electromagnetic noise and interference. The choice of grounding depends strictly on local codes and practices. On the MITZ 02 the protective ground and the signal ground (terminals A & B) are normally connected internally via a soldered link. The V.35 interface provided by the MITZ 02 supports the signals listed in the table below. Signal Name Protective ground Signal ground Request to send Clear to send Data set ready Transmit data Receive data Transmitter terminal timing Transmitter send timing Receive timing Note: Abbreviation GND OV RTS CTS DSR TXD RXD STXC (see note) TXC (see note) RXC Terminal A B C D E P, S R, T U, W Y, AA V, X Direction from MITZ to MITZ to MITZ from MITZ to MITZ from MITZ to MITZ to MITZ

The MITZ 02 hunts for an incoming transmitter timing signal. If a signal is present then TXC is used as the signal timing for the transmitted data. If the signal is not present then the MITZ 02 recovers the clocking information contained within the optical signal from the LFCB and uses this to drive the transmitter terminal timing STXC

The optical device used in the MITZ 02 are the same as those used by the LFCB with short-haul optical interface. The optical signal levels are nominally the same. Operative distance: Wavelength: Transmitter type: Typical TX output level: Receiver type: Maximum RX level: RX sensitivity: Optical budget: Note: <4km 850nm LED 16dBm PIN 10dBm 32dBm 16dB

The transmitter output power is the peak output power launched into 1m of 50/125m fibre. The measured value from the transmitter will represent the mean power which will be 21dBm.

Section 2.

SETTINGS

The front panel of the MITZ 02 houses a number of LED indications to display the status of the unit. The SUPPLY HEALTHY LED is green and should normally be on to indicate a healthy power supply. The other four, OPTO LOOPBACK, V.35 LOOPBACK, DSR OFF and CTS OFF, are red and indicate a break in the communications path between the two LFCB relays or a communication loopback condition. Since the LFCB relay requires an uninterrupted communication link, then under normal operation, all four of the LEDs should be off. Positioned below the LED indications on the MITZ 02 are a number of switches labelled as follows: CLOCK SWITCH OPTO LOOPBACK V.35 LOOPBACK DSR CTS DATA RATE The CLOCK SWITCH setting should not normally need to be changed. It may be required during the setting up of the unit if the multiplexing equipment is to provide the Transmitter signal element timing (See 3.6 for details). The OPTO LOOPBACK breaks the signal path between the optical received data and the optical transmitted data and connects the signal from the optical receiver back to the optical transmitter thus allowing the communication signal from the LFCB relay to be looped back. The OPTO LOOPBACK LED will be lit when this option is selected. The V.35 LOOPBACK breaks the signal path between the optical received data and the V.35 transmitted data and connects the signal from the V.35 receiver stage to the V.35 transmitter stage thus allowing the V.35 data to be looped back. The V.35 LOOPBACK LED will be lit when this option is selected.

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WARNING Caution must be exercised when looping back the communication signals of the LFCB relay. A communication LOOPBACK with normal load current applied to the LFCB relay will cause the LFCB relay to see a fault condition and trip signal will be issued. The LFCB must therefore be inhibited from tripping the circuit breakers before any LOOPBACK testing is performed The DSR OFF LED will be lit if the DSR input to the interface unit is not asserted. If the LED is lit, the operation of the V.35 receiver will be disabled thus breaking the communications link between LFCB relays. An override is provided in the form of DSR switch which has the effect of permanently asserting the DSR input. It should only normally be selected if no DSR input is available to the unit. The CTS OFF LED will be lit if the CTS input to the interface unit is not asserted. If the LED is lit, the operation of the V.35 transmitter will be disabled thus breaking the communication link between LFCB relays. An override is provided in the form of the CTS switch which has the effect of permanently asserting the CTS input. It should only normally be selected if no CTS input is available to the unit.

Section 3.
3.1

INSTALLATION

General Protective relays, although generally of robust construction, require careful treatment prior to installation. By observing a few simple rules the possibility of premature failure is eliminated and a high degree of performance can be expected. The relays are either despatched individually or as part of a panel/rack mounted assembly in cartons specifically designed to protect them from damage. Relays should be examined immediately they are received to ensure that no damage has been sustained in transit. If damage due to rough handling is evident, a claim should be made to the transport company concerned immediately, and ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd promptly notified. Relays which are supplied unmounted and not intended for immediate installation should be returned to their protective polythene bags.

3.2

Unpacking Care must be taken when unpacking and installing the relays so that none of the parts are damaged or their setting altered, and must be handled by skilled persons at all times. Relays should be examined for any wedges, clamps, or rubber bands necessary to secure moving parts to prevent damage during transit and these should be removed after installation and before commissioning. Relays which have been removed from their cases should not be left in situations where they are exposed to dust or damp. This particularly applies to installations which are being carried out at the same time as construction work.

3.3

Storage If relays are not installed immediately upon receipt they should be stored in a place free from dust and moisture in their original cartons and where de-humidifier bags have been included in the packing they should be retained. The action of the dehumidifier crystals will be impaired if the bag has been exposed to ambient

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conditions and may be restored by gently heating the bag for about an hour, prior to placing it in the carton. Dust which collects on a carton may, on subsequent unpacking, find its way in to the relay; in damp conditions the carton and packing may become impregnated with moisture and the de-humidifying agent will lose its efficiency. The storage temperature range is 25C to +70C 3.4 Site The installation should be clean, dry and reasonably free from dust and excessive vibration. The site should preferably be well illuminated to facilitate inspection. Publication R7012 is a parts catalogue and assembly instructions. This document will be useful when individual relays are to be assembled as a composite rack or panel mounted assembly. Publication R6001 is a leaflet on the modular integrated drawout system. Publication R6014 is a list recommended suppliers for the pre-insulated connectors. 3.5 External connections The external connections to the unit are shown in diagram F10 MITZ 02 01. All connections are made at the rear of the MITZ 02. The connections may be broken down into three groups easily identified when the unit is viewed from the rear. 3.5.1 The auxiliary dc supply connections are made via a pair of screw terminals on a terminal strip located towards the lower left hand corner of the backplate. The terminals are labelled as + and indicating the positive and negative terminals. The V.35 connections are made via a female 34-way Winchester type connector labelled as SK1. The MITZ 02 is configured as a DTE. The optical connections are made using standard 9mm SMA type connectors . The optical devices used are similar to those of the LFCB relay with short haul fibreoptic interface. Setting up the MITZ 02 Control signals No special procedure for setting up the MITZ 02 should normally be required, simply make the appropriate electrical connections to the auxiliary dc supply and the V.35 multiplexing equipment and the optical connections to the LFCB. With all the switches in the right hand positions, the green LED should be on, the four LEDs should be off and the unit should function correctly. If the DSR and/or CTS LEDs are on, the unit will not function. There are three probable reasons for this: Problem Multiplexer supports DSR/CTS but does not assert signals Multiplexer asserts DSR/CTS but no signal at input to MITZ DSR/CTS not provided by multiplexer Solution Investigate multiplexer Investigate wiring form multiplexer Override input using switches on MITZ 02 front panel

3.5.2 3.5.3

3.6 3.6.1

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3.6.2

Transmitter timing With the MITZ 02 units connected correctly to the multiplexing equipment and to the LFCB relays and with the multiplexing equipment and the LFCB relays powered up correctly, the communication link between the LFCB relays should be established. If transmitted terminal timing signals are used then no further setting up should be required. If the multiplexing equipment provides the transmitter send timing the CLOCK SWITCH may be switched to minimise the LOST MESSAGE COUNT at the remote LFCB relay. This is done by monitoring the LOST MESSAGE COUNT at the remote end. If the count is not increasing and the VALID MESSAGE COUNT is increasing then no action need be taken. If the LOST MESSAGE COUNT is increasing then switch the CLOCK SWITCH on the MITZ 02 to minimise the rate of increase of the count. Repeat the check for the other LFCBs and the MITZs.

Section 4.
4.1

COMMISSIONING

General Before leaving the factory all relays are accurately adjusted, tested and carefully packed. Hence there should be no need for any re-adjustment on commissioning. Moving parts are held in position during transit by rubber bands and packing. These should be removed carefully. The MITZ 02 must be commissioned in conjunction with the LFCB protection equipment with which it is specified. The LFCB trip circuits should be isolated and cross-site optical cables connecting the LFCB to the MITZ should be connected to the optical devices of the LFCB.

4.2

Wiring Check that ratings of relay agree with the supplies to which it is to be connected. Check all wiring connections to the relay, including the case earthing connection above the terminal block. It is especially important that dc supplies are wired with the correct polarity. The relay diagram number appears inside the case.

4.3

Insulation Isolate all auxiliary dc supply wiring from earth and test the insulation of external wiring with an electronic or brushless insulation tester at dc voltage not exceeding 1000V. The auxiliary dc supply terminals should be temporarily strapped together for this test. The V.35 circuits are isolated from all other circuits but are electrically connected to the relay case. The circuits must not therefore be insulation or impulse tested to the case.

4.4

Electrostatic discharges (esd) The relay uses components which are sensitive to electrostatic discharges. When handling the module, care should be taken to avoid contact with components and electrical connections. When removed from the case for storage, the module should be placed in an electrically conducting anti-static bag.

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4.5

Earthing Ensure that the case earthing connection above the rear terminal blocks is used to connect the relay to a local earth bar.

4.6 4.7

Terminal location Reference should be made to the diagram supplied with the unit. Commissioning procedure Test equipment required: Calibrated voltmeter 0-300V dc. Calibrated 850nm optical power meter fitted with 9mm SMA adapter. 50/125m optical test lead terminated with 9mm SMA connectors.

4.7.1

Power supply Disconnect the V.35 connection to the MITZ 02. Remove the polycarbonate front cover. Remove the relay module from the case. The incoming supply should be checked at the relay case terminals. The upper terminal should be positive with respect to the lower terminal and the voltage must be within the operative range 19-300V dc, record the voltage. CAUTION The relay is designed to withstand an ac ripple component of up to 12% of normal dc supply auxiliary voltage. However, in all cases the peak value of the dc supply must not exceed the maximum specified operating limit Operation of the supply battery charger with the batteries disconnected could cause damage due to overvoltage.

4.7.2

Energise relay Insert the module. Set the data rate switch according to the communication channel bandwidth available. Set all other switches to 0. Connect the dc supply. The green RELAY HEALTHY LED should illuminate together with the two red LEDs labelled DSR OFF and CTS OFF, switch the DSR, the CTS and both OPTO and V.35 LOOPBACK switches to 1. The DSR and CTS LEDs should be extinguished and the two LOOPBACK LEDs should be illuminated. Switch the DSR, the CTS and the V.35 LOOPBACK switches back to 0.

4.7.3

Optical loopback Measure the receive level of the optical signal from the LFCB. The mean level should be in the range 12 to 27dBm. Record the value and connect the optical fibre to the optical receiver of the MITZ. Measure the optical output power from the MITZ transmitter using the optical power meter and length of 50/125m optical cable. The mean value should be in the range 20 to 21.5dBm. Record the value and connect the optical fibre to the optical transmitter of the MITZ. The LFCB LOOPBACK commissioning tests should now be carried out. Note: To give complete isolation of the optical and electrical signals when performing a loopback test, ensure that both the V.35 and the optical switches are in the loopback position.

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4.7.4

Connection to multiplexer Connect the V.35 signal connector. Switch the OPTO LOOPBACK switch to 0. At this point all LEDs except the green SUPPLY HEALTHY should be extinguished. If the DSR OFF and/or CTS OFF LEDs are on then follow the setting up instructions given in Section 3.6.1.

4.7.5

Remote relays Repeat from 4.1 for all LFCB/MITZ 02 in the protection scheme. When all ends are connected to the multiplexing equipment , the CLOCK SWITCH setting may be changed if necessary. The CLOCK SWITCH setting should only be checked if the multiplexing equipment is to source the transmitter send timing, refer to Section 3.6.2 for details

4.7.6

Records Replace the front cover and record the positions of all the switches on the front panel of the MITZ 02.

Section 5. MAINTENANCE
Periodic maintenance is not necessary. However, periodic inspection and test is recommended. This should be carried out every 12 months or more often if the relay is operated frequently or is mounted in poor environmental conditions.

Section 6.

PROBLEM ANALYSIS

Fault finding to sub-assembly or component level is not recommended. The major reasons for this are as follows: 1) Fault finding on printed circuit boards (pcbs) requires specialised knowledge and equipment. 2) Components used in manufacture are subjected to strict quality control procedures and in all cases selected for particular characteristics. Metal oxide semiconductor (mos) components are used which require very careful handling. 3) Damage can be caused to printed circuit board track unless extreme care is used in replacement of components. 4) Replacement of certain components will require recalibration of the relay. A faulty MITZ 02 relay will manifest itself in a communication failure alarm condition at the associated LFCB protection equipment. Such a communication alarm however could be caused by failure of the equipment forming the communication link and cannot in itself be conclusive evidence of a faulty MITZ 02. Under normal healthy conditions, the green LED on the front panel of the MITZ 02 should be on indicating a healthy power supply. In the event of this LED being off and external auxiliary dc power supply being present and correct, then the MITZ 02 is faulty and should be returned for repair. Normally all the red LEDs on the front panel will be off. In the event of any of these LEDs being on, firstly check that the switch settings have not been altered since commissioning. If either of the LOOPBACK LEDs are on and neither the multiplexing equipment nor the external wiring are at fault, then the unit should be returned.

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If all indications are healthy, but a thorough investigation of all equipment in the communication link indicates that the MITZ 02 is at fault, then the unit complete with case should be returned to ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd.

Section 7.

SPARES

When ordering spares, quote the full relay model number and any component reference numbers, or briefly describe the parts. Repairs Should the need arise for the equipment to be returned to ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd for repair, then the form at the back of this manual should be completed and sent with the equipment together with a copy of any commissioning test results.

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Data set ready V X R F V.35 loopback OPTO loopback P S U W Y AA D DSR off (see Note 6) C B 0V (see Note 5) V.35 loopback OPTO loopback Supply healthy CIS Clock switch CTS off RX Signal conversion circuit IX Signal conversion circuit

DSR

Receive timing

Receive data

V.35 communication interface

Transmit data

Fibre optic communication (see Note 3)

Terminal timing

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A MITZ 02 Optical to V.35 Communication Interface Unit

Transmit timing

Notes: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Female V.35 Winchester connection. Auxiliary dc supply terminals. Optical connections are of the 9mm SMA type unless otherwise specified. Earth connections are typical only. Signal ground normally connects to case earth through a soldered link at the rear of the module. 6. Request to send is pulled on permanently.

Clear to send

Request to send

Signal ground

Aux. dc supply Vx

V.35 protective ground

Case earth (ss Note 4)

External connection diagram: Optical/V.35 Communication Interface Unit Type MITZ 02

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Section 8.
Type MITZ 02

COMMISSIONING TEST RECORD

Model No. ____________________________ Station _______________________________ Date _________________________________

Serial No. _____________________________ Circuit ________________________________

Auxiliary dc supply voltage Received optical signal level Transmitted optical signal level

___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________

Switch settings: Clock switch Opto LOOPBACK V.35 LOOPBACK DSR CTS Data rate ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________

_____________________________________ Commissioning Engineer _____________________________________ Date 19

______________________________________ Customer Witness ______________________________________ Date

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REPAIR FORM
Please complete this form and return it to ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd with the equipment to be repaired. This form may also be used in the case of application queries.

ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd St. Leonards Works Stafford ST17 4LX, England For: After Sales Service Department Model No: __________________ Serial No: __________________

Customer Ref: ___________________________ Contract Ref: Date: 1. ___________________________ ___________________________

What parameters were in use at the time the fault occurred? AC volts DC volts AC current Frequency _____________ Main VT/Test set _____________ Battery/Power supply _____________ Main CT/Test set _____________

2. 3. 4.

Which type of test was being used? ____________________________________________ Were all the external components fitted where required? (Delete as appropriate.) List the relay settings being used ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Yes/No

5.

What did you expect to happen? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

continued overleaf

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6.

What did happen? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

7.

When did the fault occur? Instant Time delayed By how long? Yes/No Yes/No ___________ Intermittent Yes/No

(Delete as appropriate).

8.

What indications if any did the relay show? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

9.

Was there any visual damage? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

10. Any other remarks which may be useful: ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________ Signature ______________________________________ Name (in capitals)

_______________________________________ Title _______________________________________ Company name

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A L S T O M T & D P r o t e c t i o n & C o n t r o l L t d St Leonards Works, Stafford, ST17 4LX England Tel: 44 (0) 1785 223251 Fax: 44 (0) 1785 212232 Email: pcs.enquiries@tde.alstom.com Internet: www.alstom.com
1999 ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd Our policy is one of continuous product development and the right is reserved to supply equipment which may vary from that described.

Publication R8102E

Printed in England.