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MODULE 2 LAW ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION POLICE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION WITH POLICE PLANNING I.

MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION CONCEPTS

ORGANIZATION a group of persons working together for a common goal or objectives a form of human association for the attainment of a goal or objective the process of identifying and grouping the work to be performed, defining and delegating responsibility and authority, establishing relationships for the purpose of enabling people work effectively POLICE ORGANIZATION - a group of trained personnel in the field of public safety administration engaged in the achievement of goals and objectives that promotes the maintenance of peace and order, protection of life and property, enforcement of the laws and the prevention of crimes LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY - pertains to an organization responsible for enforcing the laws ENFORCEMENT means to command compel obedience to a law, regulation or

OBJECTIVES refer to the purpose by which the organization was created refer to the goals of the organizations PNP MISSION To enforce the law, to prevent and control crimes, to maintain peace and order, and to ensure public safety and internal security with the active support of the community ADMINISTRATION an organizational process concerned with the implementation of objectives and plans and internal operating efficiency connotes bureaucratic structure and behavior, relatively routine decision-making and maintenance of the internal order POLICE a branch of the criminal justice system that has the specific responsibility of maintaining law and order and combating crime within the society Page 1 of 40

POLICE/LAW ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION - the process involved in ensuring strict compliance, proper obedience of laws and related statutes - focuses on the policing process or how law enforcement agencies are organized and managed in order to achieve the goals of law enforcement most effectively, efficiently and productively SUPERVISION means the act of watching over the work or tasks of the members of the organization to ensure that desired results are achieved MANAGEMENT the process of directing and facilitating the work of people organized in formal groups in order to achieve objectives judicious or wise use of resources (manpower, material, money, equipment, supplies, time etc) AUTHORITY - the right to command and control the behavior of employees in lower positions within an organizational hierarchy - must be viewed in terms of prescribed roles rather than of individuals - a particular position within an organization carries the same regardless of who occupies that position HIERARCHY - represents the formal relationship among superiors and subordinates in any given organization - serves as the framework for the flow of authority downward, and obedience upward, through the department MANAGEMENT OR ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS 1) PLANNING the determination in advance of how the objectives of the organization will be attained the process of setting performance objectives and identifying the actions needed to accomplish them working out in broad outline the things that need to be done and the methods for doing them to accomplish the purpose set for the enterprise ORGANIZING involves the determination and allocation of the men and women as well as the resource of an organization to achieve pre-determined goals or objectives of the organization the process of dividing the work to be done and coordinating results to achieve a desired purpose establishment of the formal structure of authority through which work subdivisions are arranged, defined and coordinated for the desired objectives

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3)

DIRECTING - involves the overseeing and supervising of the human resources and the various activities in an organization to achieve through cooperative efforts the pre-determined goals or objectives of the organization - also called leading, the process of directing and coordinating the work efforts of other people to help them accomplish important task - task of making decisions and embodying them in specific and general orders and instructions CONTROLLING involves the checking or evaluation and measurement of work performance and comparing it with planned goals or objectives of the organization, and making the necessary corrective actions so that work is accomplished as planned the process of monitoring performance, comparing results to objectives and taking corrective action as necessary also called supervising STAFFING the task of providing competent men to do the job and choosing the right men for the right job involves good selection and processing of reliable and well-trained personnel filling the organization with the right people in the right position REPORTING the making of detailed account of activities, work progress, investigations and unusual in order to keep every one informed or what is going on BUDGETING the forecasting in detail of the results of an officially recognized program of operations based on the highest reasonable expectations of operating efficiency

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PRINCIPLES OF EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT DIVISION OF WOR$ work specialization can increase efficiency with the same amount of effort AUTHORITY AND RESPONSIBILITY authority includes the right to command and the power to require obedience one cannot have authority without responsibility DISCIPLINE necessary for an organization to function effectively, however, the state of the disciplinary process depends upon the quality of its leaders Page 3 of 40

UNITY OF COMMAND subordinate should receive orders from one superior only SCALAR CHAIN the hierarchy of authority is the order of ranks from the highest to the lowest levels of the organization shows the vertical hierarchy of the organization which defines an unbroken chain of units from top to bottom describing explicitly the flow of authority ORGANIZATIONAL UNITS IN THE POLICE ORGANIZATION 1) FUNCTIONAL UNITS %) BUREAU the largest organic functional unit within a large department comprises of several divisions &) DIVISION a primary subdivision of a bureau ') SECTION functional unit within a division that is necessary for specialization () UNIT functional group within a section or the smallest functional group within an organization !) TERRITORIAL UNITS a) POST a fixed point or location to which an officer is assigned for duty, such as a designated desk office or an intersection or cross walk from traffic duty b) ROUTE a length of streets designated for patrol purposes also called line beat c) BEAT an area assigned for patrol purposes, whether foot or motorized d) SECTOR an area containing two or more beats, routes or posts e) DISTRICT a geographical subdivision of a city for patrol purposes, usually with its own station f) AREA a section or territorial division of a large city each comprised of designated districts

or

FUNCTIONS IN A POLICE ORGANIZATION 1) PRIMARY OR LINE FUNCTIONS functions that carry out the major purposes of the organization, delivering the services and dealing directly with the public the backbone of the police department examples of the line functions of the police are patrolling, traffic duties, crime investigation

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STAFF/ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS functions that are designed to support the line functions and assist in the performance of the line functions examples of the staff functions of the police are planning, research, budgeting and legal advice AU)ILIARY FUNCTIONS - functions involving the logistical operations of the organization - examples are training, communication, maintenance, records management, supplies and equipment management

ORGANIC UNITS IN A POLICE ORGANIZATION 1) OPERATIONAL UNITS - those that perform primary or line functions - examples are patrol, traffic, investigation and vice control, 2) ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS - those that perform the administrative functions examples are personnel, finance, planning and training 3) SERVICE UNITS - those that perform auxiliary functions - examples are communication, records supplies

management,

ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE the systematic arrangement of the relationship of the members, positions, departments and functions or work of the organization it is comprised of functions, relationships, responsibilities and authorities of individuals within the organization $INDS OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES 1) LINE - the oldest and simplest kind also called military - defined by its clear chain of command from the highest to the lowest and vice versa - depicts the line functions of the organization - orders or commands must come from the higher level of authority before it can be carried out - involves few departments 2) FUNCTIONAL structure according to functions and specialized units depicts staff functions of the organization responsibilities are divided among authorities who are all accountable to the authority above

3) LINE AND STAFF - a combination of the line and functional kind

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- combines the flow of information from the line structure with the staff departments that service, advise, and support them - generally more formal in nature and has many departments T*+ P*,-,..,/+ N%0,1/%- P1-,'+ 21--134 0*+ -,/+ %/( 40%22 5,/( 12 167%/,8%0,1/%- 4069'096+. ORGANIZATIONAL CHART an illustration in the form of a chart which represents the organizational structure the mechanical means of depicting, by an arrangement of symbols, the relationships that exist between individuals, groups and functional relationships between groups and individuals clearly defined to ensure accountability and compliance ORGANIZATIONAL PRINCIPLES FOUR PRIMAL CONDITIONS OF AN ORGANIZATION 1) AUTHORITY the supreme source of government for any particular organization the right to exercise, to decide and to command by virtue of rank and position 2) 3) MUTUAL COOPERATION an organization exists because it serves a purpose DOCTRINE provides for the organization"s objectives provides the various actions, hence, policies, procedures, rules and regulations of the organization are based on the statement of doctrines DISCIPLINE comprising behavioral regulations

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ELEMENTS OF POLICE ORGANIZATION 1) UNITY OF COMMAND dictates that there should only be #$% &'$ commanding the unit to ensure uniformity in the execution of orders 2) SPAN OF CONTROL the maximum number of subordinates that a superior can effectively supervise F%'0164 %22+'0,/7 0*+ 4.%/ 12 '1/061-: a) (eadership qualities of the supervisors b) $ature of the job and work conditions c) )omplexity of task d) %ducation and skill of the employees 3) DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY conferring of an amount of authority by a superior position to a lower-level position Page 6 of 40

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HIERARCHY OF AUTHORITY the relationship between superiors and subordinates serves as the framework for the flow of authority downward and obedience upward through the department HIERARCHY represents the formal relationship among superiors and subordinates in any given organization SPECIALIZATION the assignment of particular personnel to particular tasks SPECIALIZATION OF JOBS ;AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION) the designation of certain activities or tasks as ones that must be performed in a highly technological, scientific or precise manner areas of police specialization include undercover works, crime scene operations, legal advising, computer work, *+', operations and others SPECIALIZATION OF PEOPLE ;SPECIALISTS) the designation of particular persons as having expertise in a specific area of work signifies the adaptation of an individual to the requirements through extensive training CHAIN OF COMMAND the arrangement of officers from top to bottom on the basis of rank or position and authority COMMAND RESPONSIBILITY dictates that immediate commanders shall be responsible for the effective supervision and control of their personnel and unit EVOLUTION OF THE POLICING SYSTEM

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ORIGIN OF THE WORD <POLICE= POLITEIA > -reek word which means government of the city POLITIA . /oman word which means condition of the state or government POLICE . 0rench word which was later adopted by the %nglish language THEORIES OF POLICE SERVICE 1) HOME RULE THEORY policemen are regarded as servants of the community, who rely for the efficiency of their functions upon the express needs of the people policemen are civil servants whose key duty is the preservation of public peace and security Page 7 of 40

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CONTINENTAL THEORY policemen are regarded as state or servants of the higher authorities the people have no share or have little participation with the duties nor connection with the police organization

CONCEPTS OF POLICE SERVICE 1) OLD CONCEPT police service gives the impression of being merely a suppressive machinery this philosophy advocates that the measurement of police competence is the increasing number of arrests, throwing offenders in detention facilities rather than trying to prevent them from committing crimes !) MODERN CONCEPT regards police as the first line of defense of the criminal justice system, an organ of crime prevention police efficiency is measured by the decreasing number of crimes broadens police activities to cater to social services and has for its mission the welfare of the individual as well as that of the community in general

EARLY POLICING SYSTEM 1) $IN POLICING the family of the offended individual was expected to assume responsibility for justice the family of the victim was allowed to exact vengeance 2) 3) EGYPT ancient rulers had elite unit to protect them created the MEDJAYS? a form of police force whose duties include guarding of the tombs and apprehending thieves introduced the use of dogs as guards and protectors ROME created the first organized police force called VIGILES OF ROME? or VIGILES URBANI ;3%0'*@+/ 12 0*+ ',0A)? which had the primary task of firefighting and policing the 2igiles acted as night watch, apprehendinng thieves, keeping an eye out for burglars and hunting down runaway slaves, and were on occasion used to maintain order in the streets the 2igiles dealt primarily with petty crimes and looked for disturbances of the peace while they patrolled the streets created a special unit called PRAETORIAN GUARDS? a special force of guards used by /oman %mperors as the %mperors3 personal guards as personal guards of the %mperor, their primary duty was to protect the %mperor from assassination and other forms of attack against the %mperor Page 8 of 40

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ENGLAND FRAN$PLEDGE SYSTEM/MUTUAL PLEDGE SYSTEM required all males aged 1! and above to join a group of nine to form a TYTHING members of the tything are called a TYTHINGMEN a CONSTABLE served as a leader of ten tythings the primary task of the things was to protect their village from thieves and animals tythings were later organized into SHIRES a shire was headed by a leader called SHIRE REEVE? which is the origin of the word sheriff their duty was to apprehend offenders PARISH CONSTABLES a parish official charged with controlling crimes appointed to serve for one year duties included organizing watchmen to guard the gates during trouble, the watchman would raise a <HUE AND CRY=? a call to arms where the rest of the parish would stop what they were doing and come to the aid of the constable

MODERN POLICING SYSTEM 1) %) &) ENGLAND BOWSTREET RUNNERS a group of men organized to arrest offenders organized by H+/6A F,+-(,/7, a magistrate in (ondon, in 1456 in (ondon, %ngland the name was adopted from the name of the street where the office of 7enry 0ielding was located when 7enry 0ielding retired as magistrate, he was replaced by his blind brother, J1*/ F,+-(,/7 METROPOLITAN POLICE OF ACT 1B2C the law that created the first modern police force in (ondon %ngland, called the M+061.1-,0%/ P1-,'+ S+6D,'+ this law was passed through the initiative of S,6 R1&+60 P++-? a member of the 8arliament the *+%(E9%60+64 of the &etropolitan 8olice *ervice is the S'10-%/( Y%6(? /13 5/13/ %4 0*+ N+3 S'10-%/( Y%6( SIR ROBERT PEEL - 6+'17/,8+( %4 0*+ 2%0*+6 12 @1(+6/ .1-,',/7 4A40+@ 2) %) &) UNITED STATES OF AMERICA NEW YOR$ POLICE DEPARTMENT created in 195: in $ew ;ork, <*' recognized as the 2,640 @1(+6/ 40A-+ .1-,'+ (+.%60@+/0 ,/ 0*+ US the -%67+40 .1-,'+ 216'+ ,/ 0*+ 316-( modeled after the &etropolitan 8olice *ervice of (ondon BOSTON POLICE DEPARTMENT the 1-(+40 .1-,'+ (+.%60@+/0 ,/ 0*+ US the 2,640 /,7*0 3%0'* 3%4 +40%&-,4*+( ,/ B1401/ ,/ 1"31 Page 9 of 40

formally founded in &ay, 19:5

AUGUST VOLLMER recognized as the F%0*+6 12 M1(+6/ L%3 E/216'+@+/0 for his contributions in the development of the field of criminal justice in the <* author of the book, 8olice 'dministration, which served as the basic guide in the administration of the police organization in the <* was the first police chief of =erkeley, )alifornia III. BRIEF HISTORY OF THE PHILIPPINE POLICING SYSTEM ,he institution of police in the 8hilippines formally started during the *panish period> ,he establishment of the police force was not entirely intended for crime prevention nor peacekeeping> /ather, it was created as an extension of the colonial military establishment> A/',+/0 R1104 ,he forerunner of the contemporary police system was the practice of barangay chieftains to select able-bodied young men to protect their barangay during the night and were not required to work in the fields during daytime> 'mong the duties of those selected were to protect the properties of the people in the barangay and protect their crops and livestock from wild animals> S.%/,4* P+6,1( C%6%&,/+614 (+ S+796,(%( P9&-,'% . organized in 141! for the purpose of carrying the regulations of the ?epartment of *tate this was armed and considered as the mounted police years after, this kind of police organization discharged the duties of a port, harbor and river police G9%6(6,--+614/C9%6(,--1 . this was a body of rural police organized in each town and established by the /oyal ?ecree of 19 @anuary 19AB this decree provided that :C of the able-bodied male inhabitants of each province were to be enlisted in this police organization for three years G9%6(,% C,D,- . this was created by a /oyal ?ecree issued by the )rown on 1! 0ebruary 19:! to partially relieve the *panish 8eninsular troops of their work in policing towns it consisted of a body of 0ilipino policemen organized originally in each of the provincial capitals of the central provinces of (uzon under the 'lcalde &ayor A@+6,'%/ P+6,1( ,he 'mericans established the <nited *tates 8hilippine )ommission headed by -eneral 7oward ,aft as its first governor-general> #n January 9, 1901, the Metropolitan Police Force of Manila was organized pursuant to Act o !0 Page 10 of 40

of the ,aft )ommission> ,his has become the basis for the celebration of the anniversary of the &anila"s 0inest every @anuary 6th> ACT NO 1#! . entitled <A/ A'0 P61D,(,/7 216 0*+ O67%/,8%0,1/ %/( G1D+6/@+/0 12 %/ I/49-%6 C1/40%&9-%6A=? enacted on J9-A 1B? 1CF1 CAPT HENRY ALLEN the first chief of the 8hilippine )onstabulary in 16D1 ACT NO 1B3 - created the M%/,-% P1-,'+ D+.%60@+/0, enacted on @uly A1, 16D1 CAPT GEORGE CURRY? the first chief of ?epartment in 16D1 police of the &anila 8olice

A'0 N1 2!! . the act that 6+/%@+( 0*+ I/49-%6 C1/40%&9-%6A ,/01 P*,-,..,/+ C1/40%&9-%6A? enacted on O'01&+6 3? 1CF1 EG+'90,D+ O6(+6 3BC . ordered that the 8hilippine )onstabulary be one of the four services of the 'rmed 0orces of the 8hilippines, enacted on D+'+@&+6 23? 1C F P140-A@+6,'%/ P+6,1( RA B" . otherwise known as the 8olice 8rofessionalization 'ct of 16BB, enacted on *eptember 9, 16BB created the 8olice )ommission (8#()#&) as a supervisory agency to oversee the training and professionalization of the local police forces under the #ffice of the 8resident later 8#()#& was renamed into $ational 8olice )ommission ($'8#()#&) M%60,%- L%3 P+6,1( PD #"! . otherwise known as the I/0+76%0,1/ A'0 12 1C#!? enacted on A97940 B? 1C#!H established the I/0+76%0+( N%0,1/%P1-,'+ ;INP) composed of the P*,-,..,/+ C1/40%&9-%6A ;PC) %4 0*+ /9'-+94 %/( 0*+ ,/0+76%0+( -1'%.1-,'+ 216'+4 %4 '1@.1/+/04, under the &inistry of $ational ?efense transferred the $'8#()#& from the #ffice of the 8resident to the &inistry of $ational ?efense P140 M%60,%- L%3 R+7,@+ EG+'90,D+ O6(+6 N1 1F12 . transferred to the city and municipal government the operational supervision and direction over all E$8 units assigned within their locality issued on @uly 1D, 169: EG+'90,D+ O6(+6 N1 1F F . transferred the administrative control and supervision of the E$8 from the &inistry of $ational ?efense to the $ational 8olice )ommission

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RA "C#! . otherwise known as the D+.%60@+/0 12 0*+ I/0+6,16 %/( L1'%- G1D+6/@+/0 A'0 12 1CCF? enacted on ?ecember 1A, 166D reorganized the ?E(- and established the 8hilippine $ational 8olice, =ureau of 0ire 8rotection, =ureau of @ail &anagement and 8enology and the 8hilippine 8ublic *afety )ollege RA B!!1 > otherwise known as the P*,-,..,/+ N%0,1/%- P1-,'+ R+216@ %/( R+167%/,8%0,1/ A'0 12 1CCB, enacted on 0ebruary !:, 1669 this law amended certain provisions of /' B64: RA C#FB - law amending the provisions of /' B64: and /' 9::1 on the @,/,@9@ +(9'%0,1/%E9%-,2,'%0,1/ 216 %..1,/0@+/0 01 0*+ PNP %/( %(I940,/7 0*+ .61@10,1/ 4A40+@ approved on 1! 'ugust !DD6 <AN ACT E)TENDING FOR FIVE ;!) YEARS THE REGLEMENTARY PERIOD FOR COMPLYING WITH THE MINIMUM EDUCATIONAL JUALIFICATION FOR APPOINTMENT TO THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE ;PNP) AND ADJUSTING THE PROMOTION SYSTEM THEREOF? AMENDING FOR THE PURPOSE PERTINENT PROVISIONS OF REPUBLIC ACT NO. "C#! AND REPUBLIC ACT NO. B!!1 AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES= IMPORTANT FILIPINO PHILIPPINE POLICING PERSONALITIES IN THE EVOLUTION OF

BRIG GEN RAFAEL CRAME the first 0ilipino )onstabulary in 1614

chief

of

the

8hilippine

COL ANTONIO TORRES the first 0ilipino chief of police of the &anila 8olice ?epartment in 16A: COL LAMBERTO JAVALERA the first chief of police of the &anila 8olice ?epartment after the 8hilippine Endependence from the <nited *tates of 'merica in 165B P/DIR GEN CESAR NAZARENO the first chief of the 8hilippine $ational 8olice IV. HIGHLIGHTS OF RA "C#! > THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT OF 1CCF? RA B!!1 > THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE REFORM AND REORGANIZATION ACT OF 1CCB %/( RA C#FB A. THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT ;DILG) formerly ?epartment of (ocal -overnment (?(-) reorganized under /' B64: ORGANIZATION: consist ofF a) the ?epartment proper b) existing bureaus and offices of the ?(Page 12 of 40

c) local government units ((-<) 1) provincial governors !) city and municipal mayors d) the $ational 8olice )ommission e) the 8hilippine 8ublic *afety )ollege f) 8hilippine $ational 8olice g) =ureau of 0ire 8rotection h) =ureau of @ail &anagement and 8enology the PPSC? PNP? BFP and BJMP were created under /' B64: headed by the S+'6+0%6A to be appointed by the P6+4,(+/0 and who 4*%-- 4+6D+ %0 0*+ .-+%496+ 12 0*+ P6+4,(+/0 the *ecretary shall be assisted by two (!) <ndersecretaries and three (A) 'ssistant *ecretaries a) <ndersecretary for (ocal -overnment b) <ndersecretary for 8eace and #rder $o retired or resigned military officer or police official may be appointed as *ecretary within one (1) year from date of retirement or resignation the S+'6+0%6A is also the +G 122,',1 '*%,6@%/ of the N%0,1/%- P1-,'+ C1@@,44,1/ refer to the organizational chart of ?E(-

POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE DILG 1) 'ssist the 8resident in the exercise of general supervision over local governments !) 'dvise the 8resident in the promulgation of policies, rules, regulations and other issuances on the general supervision over local governments and on public order and safety A) %stablish and prescribe rules, regulations and other issuances implementing laws on public order and safety, the general supervision over local governments and the promotion of local autonomy and community empowerment and monitor compliance thereof 5) 8rovide assistance towards legislation regarding local governments, law enforcement and public safety %stablish and prescribe plans, policies, programs and projects to promote peace and order, ensure public safety and further strengthen the administrative, technical and fiscal capabilities of local government offices and personnel :) 0ormulate plans, policies and programs which will meet local emergencies arising from natural and man-made disasters %stablish a system of coordination and cooperation among the citizenry, local executives and the ?epartment, to ensure effective and efficient delivery of basic services to the public B) #rganize, train and equip primarily for the performance of police functions, a police force that is national in scope and civilian in character>
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RELATIONSHIP OF THE DILG WITH THE DEPARTMENT OF NATIONAL DEFENSE ;DND) Page 13 of 40

under /' B64:, the 'rmed 0orces of the 8hilippines ('08) was in charge with external security while the ?E(- was in charge with internal security 9/(+6 RA B!!1? 0*+ A6@+( F16'+4 12 0*+ P*,-,..,/+4 ,4 /13 ,/ '*%67+ 3,0* &10* ,/0+6/%- %/( +G0+6/%4+'96,0A 3,0* 0*+ PNP %4 49..160 0*6197* ,/216@%0,1/ 7%0*+6,/7 %/( .+6216@%/'+ 12 16(,/%6A .1-,'+ 29/'0,1/4

B.

NATIONAL POLICE COMMISSION an agency attached to the ?E(for policy coordination shall exercise administrative control and operational supervision over the 8$8 -

VISION OF THE NAPOLCOM "We envision the National Police Commission as a highly dynamic, committed and responsive administering and controlling body, actively and effectively facilitating the evolvement of a highly professional, competent, disciplined, credible and trustworthy PNP" MISSION OF THE NAPOLCOM "To administer and control the Philippine National Police with the end in view of maintaining a highly professional, competent, disciplined, credible and trustworthy PNP POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE NAPOLCOM A> %xercise %(@,/,406%0,D+ '1/061%/( 1.+6%0,1/%49.+6D,4,1/ 1D+6 0*+ P*,-,..,/+ N%0,1/%- P1-,'+ ;PNP) which shall mean the power to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stablish a system of uniform crime reporting 5> )onduct annual self-report surveys and compile statistical data for accurate assessment of the crime situation and the proper evaluation of the efficiency and effectiveness of all police units in the country :> A..61D+ 16 @1(,2A .-%/4 %/( .6176%@4 1/ +(9'%0,1/ %/( 06%,/,/7? -17,40,'%- 6+E9,6+@+/04? '1@@9/,'%0,1/4? 6+'16(4? ,/216@%0,1/ 4A40+@4? '6,@+ -%&16%016A? '6,@+ .6+D+/0,1/ %/( '6,@+ 6+.160,/7 B> A22,6@? 6+D+64+ 16 @1(,2A? 0*6197* 0*+ N%0,1/%A..+--%0+ B1%6(? .+641//+- %(@,/,406%0,D+ %'0,1/4 ,/D1-D,/7 0*+ (+@10,1/ 16 (,4@,44%- 261@ 0*+ 4+6D,'+ ,@.14+( 9.1/ @+@&+64 12 0*+ P*,-,..,/+ N%0,1/%- P1-,'+ &A 0*+ C*,+2 12 0*+ P*,-,..,/+ N%0,1/%- P1-,'+ Page 14 of 40

4> EG+6',4+ %..+--%0+ I96,4(,'0,1/ 0*6197* 0*+ R+7,1/%A..+--%0+ B1%6(4? 1D+6 %(@,/,406%0,D+ '%4+4 %7%,/40 .1-,'+@+/ %/( 1D+6 (+',4,1/4 1/ '-%,@4 216 .1-,'+ &+/+2,04H B. P6+4'6,&+ @,/,@9@ 40%/(%6(4 216 %6@4? +E9,.@+/0? %/( 9/,216@4 %/(? %20+6 '1/49-0%0,1/ 3,0* 0*+ P*,-,..,/+ H+6%-(6A C1@@,44,1/? 216 ,/4,7/,% 12 6%/54? %3%6(4? @+(%-4 12 *1/16 6> Essue subpoena and subpoena duces tecum in matters pertaining to the discharge of its own powers and duties, and designate who among its personnel can issue processes and administer oaths in connection therewith 1D> I/4.+'0 %/( %44+44 0*+ '1@.-,%/'+ 12 0*+ PNP 1/ 0*+ +40%&-,4*+( '6,0+6,% 216 @%/.13+6 %--1'%0,1/? (,406,&90,1/ %/( (+.-1A@+/0 %/( 0*+,6 ,@.%'0 1/ 0*+ '1@@9/,0A %/( 0*+ '6,@+ 4,09%0,1/? %/( 0*+6+%20+6 216@9-%0+ %..61.6,%0+ 79,(+-,/+4 216 @%G,@,8%0,1/ 12 6+4196'+4 %/( +22+'0,D+ 90,-,8%0,1/ 12 0*+ PNP .+641//+-H 11> &onitor the performance of the local chief executives as deputies of the )ommission and 1!> M1/,016 %/( ,/D+40,7%0+ .1-,'+ %/1@%-,+4 %/( ,66+79-%6,0,+4. B. 'dvise the 8resident on all matters involving police functions and administration C. /ender to the 8resident and to )ongress an annual report of its activities and accomplishments during the thirty (AD)days after the end of the calendar year, which shall include an appraisal of the conditions obtaining in the organization and administration of police agencies in the municipalities, cities and provinces throughout the country, and recommendations for appropriate remedial legislations D. /ecommend to the 8resident, through the *ecretary, within sixty (BD) days before the commencement of each calendar year, a crime prevention program and E. 8erform such other functions necessary to carry out the provisions of />'> B64:, as amended, other existing laws and 8residential issuances, and as the 8resident may direct> COMPOSITION: consist of a C*%,6.+641/, 2196 ; ) 6+79-%6 C1@@,44,1/+64 and the C*,+2 12 PNP %4 +G 122,',1 @+@&+6 shall serve a term of office of 4,G ;") A+%64 3,0*190 6+%..1,/0@+/0 16 +G0+/4,1/ three of the four regular commissioners shall come from civilian sector and not former members of the police or military the fourth regular commissioner shall come from the law enforcement sector either active or retired at least one (1) of the four regular commissioners shall be a woman from among the three regular commissioners from the civilian sector, the V,'+ C*%,6.+641/ shall be chosen the V,'+ C*%,6.+641/ 4*%-- %'0 %4 0*+ EG+'90,D+ O22,'+6 12 0*+ C1@@,44,1/ Page 15 of 40

refer to $'8#()#&

the

organizational

structure

of

the

JUALIFICATIONS OF THE REGULAR COMMISSIONERS citizens of the 8hilippines lawyers with at least five (:) years experience in handling criminal or human rights cases or holders of a master"s degree in public administration, sociology, criminology, criminal justice, law enforcement and other related disciplines ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE composed ofF a) )ommission 8roper b) *taff *ervices 1) 8lanning and /esearch !) (egal 'ffairs A) )rime 8revention and )oordination 5) 8ersonnel and 'dministrative *ervice :) Enspection, &onitoring and Envestigation B) Enstallations and (ogistics 4) 0inancial *ervice c) D,4',.-,/%6A A..+--%0+ B1%6(4 1) N%0,1/%- A..+--%0+ B1%6( shall decide cases on appeal from decisions rendered by the )hief, 8$8

the

!) R+7,1/%- A..+--%0+ B1%6( shall decide cases on appeal from decisions rendered by the mayor, 8(%=, and 8$8 officers other than the )hief, 8$8 C. PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE 167%/,8+( .9649%/0 01 RA "C#!? %4 %@+/(+( &A RA B!!1 a law enforcement agency under the operational control of the ?epartment of the Enterior and (ocal -overnment and administrative supervision of the $ational 8olice )ommission it is an organization that is /%0,1/%- ,/ 4'1.+ %/( ',D,-,%/ ,/ '*%6%'0+6, as provided by S+'0,1/ "? A60,'-+ 1" 12 0*+ 1CB# P*,-,..,/+ C1/40,090,1/: The state shall establish and maintain one police force which shall be national in scope and ci"ilian in character# headed by the C*,+2? PNP, with the 6%/5 12 D,6+'016 G+/+6%-, %..1,/0+( &A 0*+ P6+4,(+/0 %/( who shall serve a 0+6@ 12 122,'+ 12 2196 ; ) A+%64 -

NATIONAL IN SCOPE means that the 8$8 is a nationwide government organization whose jurisdiction covers the entire breadth of the 8hilippine archipelago all uniformed and non-uniformed personnel of the 8$8 are national government employees Page 16 of 40

CIVILIAN IN CHARACTER means that that the 8$8 is not military, although it retains attributes such as discipline

a part of the some military

POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE PNP 1) %nforce all laws and ordinances relative to the protection of lives and properties !) &aintain peace and order and take all necessary steps to ensure public safety A) Envestigate and prevent crimes, effect the arrest of criminal offenders, bring offenders to justice and assist in their prosecution 5) %xercise the general powers to make arrest, search and seizure in accordance with the )onstitution and pertinent laws :) ?etain an arrested person for a period not beyond what is prescribed by law, informing the person so detained of all his rights under the )onstitution B) Essue licenses for the possession of firearms and explosives in accordance with law 4) *upervise and control the training and operations of security agencies and issue licenses to operate security agencies and to security guards and private detectives, for the purpose of their professions> DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF A POLICE OFFICER 1) 7e shall be ready at all times to perform his duties and obey the lawful orders of his superior officers or higher authority 2) 7e shall be responsible for the efficient performance of his duties and adequate coverage of his beat or post 3) 7e shall cooperate and coordinate with the other members of his relief, district or other division segments so that their teamwork may ensure continuity of purpose and maximum achievement of the objectives of the department ) 7e shall be available for duty at all times in case of special needs or emergencies !) 7e shall respond readily and report punctually to all assignments ") 7e shall execute the service program within his area of responsibility providing for prevention of crime, protection of life and property, apprehension and prosecution of offenders, preservation of peace and enforcement of regulatory measures #) 7e shall familiarize himself with administrative ad operational policies of the department B) 7e shall be in prescribed attire and have the required equipment when reporting for duty C) 7e shall be attentive to instruction and record information given during the briefing or roll-call training and shall likewise record his activities during his tour of duty 1F) 7e shall supervise and inspect all public and licensed places within his area of responsibility> Page 17 of 40

ORGANIZATION %/( COMPOSITION OF THE PNP shall be headed by a C*,+2 who shall be assisted by 031 ;2) (+.90A '*,+24F 1) D+.90A C*,+2 216 A(@,/,406%0,1/ 2) D+.90A C*,+2 216 O.+6%0,1/4 the )hief 8$8 and the two (!) deputy chiefs shall be appointed by the 8resident no officer who is retirable within six (B) months shall be appointed )hief the 8$8 shall be composed of a national office, regional offices, provincial offices, district offices, and city or municipal stations refer to the organizational structure of the 8hilippine $ational 8olice CAMP RAFAEL CRAME the national headquarters of the 8hilippine $ational 8olice, located in Guezon )ity houses the offices of the followingF a) )hief, 8$8 b) two (!) deputy chiefs c) )hief, ?irectorial *taff d) ten (1D) directorial staff e) nine administrative units f) ten operational units POLICE REGIONAL OFFICES the 8$8 is divided into seventeen (14) police regional offices (8/#), each headed by a R+7,1/%D,6+'016: N%0,1/%- C%.,0%- R+7,1/ P1-,'+ O22,'+ ;NCRO) PRO 1 01 PRO 13 C16(,--+6% A901/1@194 R+7,1/ ;CAR) A901/1@194 R+7,1/ 12 M94-,@ M,/(%/%1 ;ARMM) PROVINCIAL POLICE OFFICES for every region, there are provincial offices, each headed by a 8rovincial ?irector in large provinces, police districts may be established to be headed by a ?istrict ?irector at the city or municipal levels or stations, each is headed by a )hief of 8olice DISTRICT OFFICES $)/8# is divided into five (:) districts, each headed by a ?istrict ?irectorF M%/,-% P1-,'+ D,406,'0 (formerly +estern 8olice ?istrict)- &anila E%40+6/ P1-,'+ D,406,'0 (%8?) . *an @uan, &andaluyong, 8asig N160*+6/ P1-,'+ D,406,'0 ($8?) . )aloocan, &alabon, 2alenzuela C+/06%- P1-,'+ D,406,'0 ()8?) . Guezon )ity S190*+6/ P1-,'+ D,406,'0 (*8?) . 8asay and &akati PNP ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT UNITS Page 18 of 40

1) -

CRIME LABORATORY shall provide scientific and technical investigate aid and support to the 8$8 and other government investigative agencies LOGISTICS UNIT headed by a ?irector with the rank of )7E%0 *<8%/E$,%$?%$, shall be responsible for the procurement, distribution and management of all the logistical requirements of the 8$8 including firearms and ammunition COMMUNICATIONS UNIT shall be responsible for establishing an effective police communications network COMPUTER CENTER shall be responsible for the design, implementation and maintenance of a database system for the 8$8 FINANCE CENTER shall be responsible for providing finance services to the 8$8 CIVIL SECURITY UNIT shall provide administrative services and general supervision over the organization, business operation and activities of all organized private detectives, watchmen, security guard agencies and company guard forces

!) -

A) 5) :) ") -

OPERATIONAL SUPPORT UNITS 1) MARITIME POLICE UNIT shall perform all police functions over 8hilippine territorial waters and rivers !) A) POLICE INTELLIGENCE UNIT shall serve as the intelligence counterintelligence operating unit of the 8$8 and

POLICE SECURITY UNIT shall provide security for government officials, visiting dignitaries and private individuals authorized to be given protection CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION UNIT *hall undertake the monitoring, investigation and prosecution of all crimes involving economic sabotage, and other crimes of such magnitude and extent as to indicate their commission by highly placed or professional criminal syndicates and organizations SPECIAL ACTION FORCE shall function as a mobile strike force or reaction unit to augment regional, provincial, municipal and city police forces for civil disturbance control, Page 19 of 40

5)

:) -

counterinsurgency, hostage-taking and other special operations

rescue

operations

B) -

NARCOTICS UNIT shall enforce all laws relative to the protection of the citizenry against dangerous and other prohibited drugs and substances AVIATION SECURITY UNIT shall secure all the country"s airports against offensive and terroristic acts that threaten civil aviation, exercise operational control and supervision over all agencies involved in airport security operation, and enforce all laws and regulations relative to air travel protection and safety TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT UNIT shall enforce traffic laws and regulations MEDICAL AND DENTAL CENTERS shall be responsible for providing medical and dental services for the 8$8 CIVIL RELATIONS UNIT shall implement plans and programs that will promote community and citizen"s participation in the maintenance of peace and order and public safety

4) -

9) 6) 1D) -

POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE CHIEF PNP ,he command and direction of the 8$8 shall be vested in the )hief, 8$8 who shall have the power toF 1) direct and control tactical as well as strategic movements, deployment, placement, utilization of the 8$8 or any of its units and personnel, including its equipment, facilities and other resources !) issue detailed implementing policies and instructions regarding personnel, funds, properties, records, correspondence, and such other matters as may be necessary A) dismiss police officersH MANNING LEVELS ;POLICE-TO-POPULATION RATIO) 1:!FF > nationwide average 1:1FFF . minimum police-to-population ratio RAN$ CLASSIFICATION AND ITS COUNTERPART IN THE MILITARY DIRECTOR GENERAL DEPUTY DIRECTOR GENERAL DIRECTOR CHIEF SUPERINTENDENT SENIOR SUPERINTENDENT SUPERINTENDENT Page 20 of 40 GENERAL LIEUTENANT GENERAL MAJOR GENERAL BRIGADIER GENERAL COLONEL LIEUTENANT COLONEL

CHIEF INSPECTOR SENIOR INSPECTOR INSPECTOR SENIOR POLICE OFFICER SENIOR POLICE OFFICER 3 SENIOR POLICE OFFICER 2 SENIOR POLICE OFFICER 1 POLICE OFFICER 3 POLICE OFFICER 2 POLICE OFFICER 1

MAJOR CAPTAIN LIEUTENANT MASTER SERGEANT TECHNICAL SERGEANT STAFF SERGEANT SERGEANT CORPORAL PRIVATE 1ST CLASS PRIVATE

NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICER RAN$S ;NCO) 8#1 to *8#5 COMMISSIONED OFFICER RAN$S ;CO) E$*8%),#/ ,# ?E/%),#/ -%$%/'( $EY POSITIONS %/( 0*+,6 CORRESPONDING RAN$S IN THE PNP CHIEF . highest position in the 8$8, with the rank of DIRECTOR GENERAL DEPUTY CHIEF FOR ADMINISTRATION . the 4+'1/(-,/ '1@@%/(, with the rank of DEPUTY DIRECTOR GENERAL DEPUTY CHIEF FOR OPERATIONS . the 0*,6(-,/-'1@@%/(, with the rank of DEPUTY DIRECTOR GENERAL NCR DIRECTOR . with the rank of DIRECTOR REGIONAL DIRECTOR - with the rank of CHIEF SUPERINTENDENT PROVINCIAL DIRECTOR SUPERINTENDENT NCR DISTRICT DIRECTOR SUPERINTENDENT with the rank of SENIOR with the rank of CHIEF

CHIEF OF POLICE . with the rank of CHIEF INSPECTOR STATUS OF THE MEMBERS OF THE PNP police officers are +@.-1A++4 12 0*+ /%0,1/%71D+6/@+/0 and shall draw their salaries from the national budget they shall have the same salary grade level as that of public school teachers police officers assigned in &etro &anila, chartered cities and first class municipalities may be paid financial incentives by the local government unit concerned subject to availability of funds GENERAL JUALIFICATIONS FOR APPOINTMENT TO THE PNP ;RA "C#!? %4 %@+/(+( &A RA B!!1 %/( RA C#FB) a) ' citizen of the 8hilippines b) ' person of good moral conduct ') M940 *%D+ .%44+( 0*+ .4A'*,%06,'/.4A'*1-17,'%-? (697 %/( .*A4,'%- 0+404 01 &+ %(@,/,40+6+( &A 0*+ PNP 16 &A Page 21 of 40

() +) f) g) *) ,) I)

%/A NAPOLCOM %''6+(,0+( 71D+6/@+/0 *14.,0%- 216 0*+ .96.14+ 12 (+0+6@,/,/7 .*A4,'%- %/( @+/0%- *+%-0*H M940 .144+44 % 216@%- &%''%-%96+%0+ (+76++ 261@ % 6+'17/,8+( ,/40,090,1/ 12 -+%6/,/7H 76%(9%0+ 12 %/A 2196-A+%6 '1964+ M940 &+ +-,7,&-+ ,/ %''16(%/'+ 3,0* 0*+ 40%/(%6(4 4+0 &A 0*+ C1@@,44,1/H M940 *%D+ .%44+( 0*+ &1%6( +G%@,/%0,1/ 7,D+/ &A 0*+ P612+44,1/ R+79-%0,1/ C1@@,44,1/ ;PRC) 16 0*+ NAPOLCOM P1-,'+ E/06%/'+ EG%@,/%0,1/ &ust not have been dishonorably discharged from military employment or dismissed for cause from any civilian position in the -overnment &ust not have been convicted by final judgment of an offense or crime involving moral turpitude M940 &+ %0 -+%40 1/+ @+0+6 %/( 4,G0A-031 '+/0,@+0+64 ;1."2 @) ,/ *+,7*0 216 @%-+ %/( 1/+ @+0+6 %/( 2,20A4+D+/ ;1.!# @) 216 2+@%-+H M940 3+,7* /10 @16+ 16 -+44 0*%/ 2,D+ 5,-176%@4 ;!574) 261@ 0*+ 40%/(%6( 3+,7*0 '166+4.1/(,/7 01 *,4 16 *+6 *+,7*0? %7+ %/( 4+GH %/( F16 % /+3 %..-,'%/0? @940 /10 &+ -+44 0*%/ 03+/0A-1/+ ;21) /16 @16+ 0*%/ 0*,60A ;3F) A+%64 12 %7+ 8ursuant to /' 64D9, IH8$8 members who are already in the service upon the effectivity of /epublic 'ct $o> 9::1 shall be given five (:) years to obtain the minimum educational qualification preferably in law enforcement related courses, to be reckoned from the date of the effectivity of this amendatory 'ctF Provided, furthermore, ,hat for concerned 8$8 members rendering more than fifteen (1:) years of service and who have exhibited exemplary performance as determined by the )ommission, shall no longer be required to comply with the aforementioned minimum educational requirement>J

E)AMINATION AND ELIGIBILITY ,he N%0,1/%- P1-,'+ C1@@,44,1/ shall administer the entrance and promotional examinations for police officers on the basis of the standards set by the )ommission (as amended by /' 9::1)> POLICE ENTRANCE E)AMINATION . taken by applicants of the 8$8 POLICE PROMOTIONAL E)AMINATIONS . taken by in-service police officers as part of the mandatory requirements for promotion POLICE OFFICER E)AMINATION SENIOR POLICE OFFICER E)AMINATION INSPECTOR E)AMINATION SUPERINTENDENT E)AMINATION Police officers, who are $%&' (') &*%M% +$+,%(-(, no longer need to ta.e the Police Pro/otional '0a/inations as Page 22 of 40

part of the re1uire/ents for pro/otion2 As P*& 3+A*) PA(('*(, they ha"e already co/plied with the eligi4ility re1uire/ent2

APPOINTMENT OF UNIFORMED PNP PERSONNEL PO1 TO SPO > appointed by the /egional ?irector for regional personnel or by the )hief, 8$8 for the national headquarters INSP TO SUPT . appointed by the )hief, 8$8 SR SUPT TO DEPUTY DIR GEN . appointed by the 8resident upon recommendation of the )hief, 8$8, subject to confirmation by the )ommission on 'ppointments DIRECTOR GENERAL . appointed by the 8resident from among the senior officers down to the rank of )*upt, subject to the confirmation of the )ommission on 'ppointments $INDS OF APPOINTMENT 1) PERMANENT . when an applicant possesses the upgraded general qualifications for appointment in the 8$8 !) TEMPORARY . when the appointment of an applicant is under the waiver program due to weight requirements pending satisfaction of the requirement waived LATERAL ENTRY OF OFFICERS admission to the 8$8 with the initial rank of Enspector or *enior Enspector of qualified applicants belonging to certain professions INSPECTOR RAN$: dentists, optometrists, nurses, engineers, graduates of forensic sciences, graduates of the 8hilippine $ational 8olice 'cademy and -,'+/4+( '6,@,/1-17,404 SENIOR INSPECTOR RAN$: chaplains, members of the bar and doctors of medicine WAIVERS FOR INITIAL APPOINTMENT TO THE PNP ;RA B!!1) ,he %7+? *+,7*0? 3+,7*0 %/( +(9'%0,1/%- 6+E9,6+@+/04 for initial appointment to the 8$8 may be waived only when the number of qualified applicants falls below the minimum annual quota, providedF 1) ,hat an applicant shall /10 &+ &+-13 03+/0A ;2F) /16 1D+6 0*,60A-2,D+ ;3!) A+%64 12 %7+H and !) ,hat any applicant not meeting the weight requirement shall be given reasonable time but /10 01 +G'++( 4,G ;") @1/0*4 within which to comply with the said requirement A) ,hat the waiver for height requirement shall be automatically granted to applicants belonging to the '9-096%- @,/16,0,+4 Page 23 of 40

SELECTION CRITERIA UNDER THE WAIVER PROGRAM 1) 'pplicants who possess the least disqualification shall take precedence over those who possess more disqualification !) ,he requirement shall be waived in the following orderF %7+? *+,7*0? 3+,7*0 %/( +(9'%0,1/. PROMOTION the upgrading of ranks position of leadership $INDS OF PROMOTION 1> REGULAR . promotion granted to police officers meeting the mandatory requirements for promotion !> SPECIAL . promotion granted to police officers who has exhibited acts of conspicuous courage and gallantry at the risk of hisKher life above and beyond the call of duty CONSPICUOUS COURAGE courage that is clearly distinguished above others in the performance of one"s duty MANDATORY REJUIREMENTS FOR PROMOTION 1> E(9'%0,1/%- %00%,/@+/0 position . applicable in promotion in andKor advancement to a

2. C1@.-+0,1/ 12 %..61.6,%0+ 06%,/,/7/4'*11-,/7? 49'* %4: &asteral ?egree )hief *uperintendent and above #fficers *enior %xecutive )ourse (#*%)) . *upt to *r *upt #fficers 'dvance )ourse (#')) . )hief Ensp #fficers =asic )ourse (#=)) . *r Ensp #fficers )andidate )ourse (#))) . *8#5 *enior (eadership )ourse (*()) . *8#A to *8#5 @unior (eadership )ourse (@()) . 8#A to *8#1 A> T,@+-,/ G6%(+ . the number of years required for a police officer to hold a certain rank before he can be promoted to the next higher rank 1 year . from *r *upt to ?eputy ?irector -eneral A years . from *upt to *r *upt : years . )hief Ensp to *upt : years . *r Ensp to )hief Ensp A years . Ensp to *r Ensp A years . *8#5 to Ensp ! years . *8#A to *8#5 ! years . *8#! to *8#A ! years . *8#1 to *8#! ! years . 8#A to *8#1 1 year . 8#! to 8#A : years . 8#1 to 8#! 5> A..61.6,%0+ +-,7,&,-,0A . the required examinations 8#(E)% #00E)%/ 8/#&#,E#$'( %L'&E$',E#$ Page 24 of 40 promotional

*%$E#/ 8#(E)% #00E)%/ 8/#&#,E#$'( %L'&E$',E#$ 8#(E)% E$*8%),#/ 8/#&#,E#$'( %L'&E$',E#$ 8#(E)% *<8%/E$,%$?%$, 8/#&#,E#$'( %L'&E$',E#$ %xemptionsF =ar and 8/) board examination passers (/' 1D9D) (E)%$*%? )/E&E$#(#-E*,* (/' B:DB) 7onor -raduates (8? 6D4) %xcept for the )hief, 8$8, no 8$8 member who has less than one (1) year of service before reaching the compulsory retirement age shall be promoted to a higher rank or appointed to any other position> 8ursuant to /' 64D9, IHEn addition, 0*+ ,/40,090,1/ 12 % '6,@,/%- %'0,1/ 16 '1@.-%,/0 %7%,/40 % .1-,'+ 122,'+6 4*%-- /10 &+ % &%6 01 .61@10,1/: Provided, however, ,hat upon finding of probable cause, notwithstanding any challenge that may be raised against that finding thereafter, the concerned police officer shall be ineligible for promotionF Provided, further, T*%0 ,2 0*+ '%4+ 6+@%,/4 9/6+41-D+( %20+6 031 ;2) A+%64 261@ 0*+ %216+@+/0,1/+( (+0+6@,/%0,1/ 12 .61&%&-+ '%94+? *+ 16 4*+ 4*%-- &+ '1/4,(+6+( 216 .61@10,1/. En the event he or she is held guilty of the crime by final judgment, said promotion shall be recalled without prejudice to the imposition of the appropriate penalties under applicable laws, rules and regulationsF Provided, furthermore, T*%0 ,2 0*+ '1@.-%,/0 2,-+( %7%,/40 0*+ .1-,'+ 122,'+6 ,4 216 % '6,@+ ,/'-9(,/7? &90 /10 -,@,0+( 01? % D,1-%0,1/ 12 *9@%/ 6,7*04? .9/,4*%&-+ &A reclusion perpetua 16 -,2+ ,@.6,41/@+/0? %/( 0*+ '1960 *%4 (+0+6@,/+( 0*%0 0*+ +D,(+/'+ 12 79,-0 ,4 4061/7? 4%,( .1-,'+ 122,'+6 4*%-- &+ '1@.-+0+-A ,/+-,7,&-+ 216 .61@10,1/ (96,/7 0*+ .+/(+/'A 12 0*+ 4%,( '6,@,/%- '%4+.= ATTRITION ;RA B!!1) the downsizing of personnel in the 8$8 on the basis provided by law> MODES OF ATTRITION 1) ATTRITION BY ATTAINMENT OF MA)IMUM TENURE those who have reached the prescribed maximum tenure corresponding to their position shall be retired from the service )hief 5 years ?eputy )hief 5 years ?irector of *taff *ervices 5 years /egional ?irectors B years 8rovincialK?istrict ?irectors 6 years other positions higher than 8rovincial ?irector B years 2) ATTRITION BY RELIEF those who have been relieved for just cause and have not been given an assignment within TWO ;2) YEARS after such relief shall be retired or separated Page 25 of 40

3) ATTRITION BY DEMOTION IN POSITION OR RAN$ those who are relieved and assigned to a position lower than what is established for his or her grade in the 8$8 staffing pattern and who shall not be assigned to a position commensurate to his or her grade within EIGHTEEN ;1B) MONTHS after such demotion shall be retired or separated ) ATTRITION BY NON-PROMOTION those who have not been promoted for a continuous period of TEN ;1F) YEARS shall be retired or separated !) ATTRITION BY OTHER MEANS those who have at least five (:) years of active service shall be separated based on any of the followingF a) inefficiency based on poor performance during the last 031 ;2) 49''+44,D+ annual rating periods b) inefficiency based on poor performance for three ;3) '9@9-%0,D+ annual rating periods c) physical andKor mental incapacity to perform police functions and duties or d) failure to pass the required entrance examinations twice andKor finish the required career courses except for justifiable reasons RETIREMENT the separation of the police personnel from the service by reason of reaching the age of retirement provided by law, or upon completion of certain number of years in active service ' 8$8 uniformed personnel shall retire to the ne0t higher ran. for purposes of 6+0,6+@+/0 .%A> ACTIVE SERVICE shall refer to services rendered as an officer and non-officer, cadet, trainee or draftee in the 8$8 $INDS OF RETIREMENT 1) COMPULSORY . upon reaching the age FIFTY-SI) ;!"), the age of retirement !) OPTIONAL . upon completion of TWENTY ;2F) YEARS of active service RETIREMENT BENEFITS &onthly retirement pay shall be FIFTY PERCENT ;!FK) of the base pay in case of twenty years of active service, increasing by TWO AND ONE-HALF PERCENT ;2.!K) 216 +D+6A A+%6 12 %'0,D+ 4+6D,'+ 6+/(+6+( &+A1/( 03+/0A A+%64. RETIREMENT DUE TO PERMANENT PHYSICAL DISABILITY ' 8$8 uniformed personnel who is permanently and totally disabled as a result of injuries suffered or sickness contracted in the performance of his duty shall be Page 26 of 40

entitled to ONE YEARLS SALARY and to a LIFETIME PENSION equivalent to EIGHTY PERCENT ;BFK) of his last salary, in addition to other benefits> *hould such 8$8 personnel die within FIVE ;!) YEARS from his retirement due to physical disability, his legal spouse or legitimate children shall be entitled to receive the pension for the remainder of the five year-period> ABSENCE WITHOUT OFFICIAL LEAVE ;AWOL) failure to report for duty without official notice for a period of THIRTY ;3F) DAYS MISSING IN ACTION ;MIA) any 8$8 personnel who, while in the performance of duty or by reason of his being an officer or member of the 8$8, is officially confirmed missing in action, kidnapped or captured by lawless elements shall be entitled to receive or to have credited to his account the same pay and allowances to which such officer or uniformed member was entitled at the time of the incident CREATION OF WOMENLS DES$ provided by /' 9::1 women"s desk in all police stations shall administer and attend to cases involving crimes against chastity, sexual harassment, abuses committed against women and children and other similar offenses the 8$8 shall reserve TEN PERCENT ;1FK) of its annual recruitment, training and education quota for women policewomen shall enjoy the same opportunities in terms of assignment, promotion and other benefits and privileges extended to all police officers PARTICIPATION OF LOCAL ADMINISTRATION OF PNP GOVERNMENT E)ECUTIVES IN THE

OPERATIONAL SUPERVISION shall mean the power to direct, superintend and oversee the day-to-day functions of police investigation of crime, crime prevention activities and traffic control shall also include the power to direct the employment and deployment of units or elements of the 8$8, through the station commander, to ensure public safety and effective maintenance of peace and order within the locality EMPLOYMENT refers to utilization of units or elements of the 8$8 for purposes of protection of lives and properties, enforcement of laws, maintenance of peace and order, prevention of crimes, arrest of criminal offenders and bringing the offenders to justice and ensuring public safety, particularly in Page 27 of 40

the suppression of disorders, riots, lawlessness, violence, rebellious and seditious conspiracy, insurgency, subversion or other related activities

DEPLOYMENT shall mean the orderly and organized physical movement of elements or units of the 8$8 within the province, city or municipality for purposes of employment POWER OF THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNOR he has the power to choose his PROVINCIAL DIRECTOR from a list of 0*6++ ;3) +-,7,&-+4 recommended by the 8$8 /egional ?irector POWER OF THE CITY AND MUNICIPAL MAYOR he has the power to choose his CHIEF OF POLICE from a list of 2,D+ ;!) +-,7,&-+4 recommended by the provincial police director he has the authority to recommend to the provincial director the transfer, reassignment or detail of 8$8 members outside of their respective city or town the control and supervision of anti-gambling operations shall be within the jurisdiction of local government executives DISCIPLINARY MECHANISMS OF THE PNP INTERNAL AFFAIRS SERVICE ;IAS) created by /' 9::1 FUNCTIONS OF THE IAS 1) pro-actively conduct inspections and audits on 8$8 personnel and units !) investigate complaints and gather evidence in support of an open investigation A) conduct summary hearings on 8$8 members facing administrative charges 5) submit a periodic report on the assessment, analysis, and evaluation of the character and behavior of 8$8 personnel and units to the )hief 8$8 and the )ommission :) file appropriate criminal cases against 8$8 members before the court as evidence warrants and assists in the prosecution of the case B) provide assistance to the #ffice of the #mbudsman in cases involving the personnel of the 8$8 ,he E'* shall also conduct, motu propio (on its own initiative), automatic investigation of the following casesF 1) incidents firearm where a police Page 28 of 40 personnel discharges a

!) incidents where death, serious physical injury, or any violation of human rights occurred in the conduct of a police operation A) incidents where evidence was compromised, tampered with, obliterated, or lost while in the custody of police personnel 5) incidents where a suspect in the custody of the police was seriously injured and :) incidents where the established rules of engagement have been violated> ,he E'* shall recommend promotion of the members of the 8$8 or the assignment of 8$8 personnel to any key position> ORGANIZATION OF IAS headed by the INSPECTOR GENERAL who is a CIVILIAN and appointed by the 8resident upon the recommendation of the ?irector -eneral ()hief, 8$8) the Enspector -eneral shall be assisted by a ?eputy Enspector -eneral there shall be national, regional and provincial offices the national office shall be headed by the Enspector -eneral, the regional offices by a ?irector, and the provincial offices by a *uperintendent ENTRY JUALIFICATIONS TO IAS 1) entry shall be voluntary !) 8$8 personnel with at least 2,D+ ;!) A+%64 experience in law enforcement A) with no derogatory service record 5) members of the bar may enter the service laterally CAREER DEVELOPMENT AND INCENTIVES E'* personnel shall be granted 1''9.%0,1/%4.+',%-0A .%A which 4*%-- /10 +G'++( FIFTY PERCENT ;!FK) 12 *,4 &%4+ .%A E'* personnel shall also have priorities in the quota allocation for training and education DISCIPLINARY RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE IAS any 8$8 personnel found guilty of any of the cases mentioned and any immediate superior found negligent shall be recommended automatically for dismissal or demotion recommendation by the E'*, once final, cannot be revised, set-aside or unduly delayed without just cause decisions rendered by the provincial inspectors shall be forwarded to the regional office for review within ten (1D) days decisions of the regional office may be appealed to the national office (+',4,1/4 6+/(+6+( &A 0*+ /%0,1/%- IAS 4*%-- &+ %..+%-+( 01 0*+ N%0,1/%- A..+--%0+ B1%6( PEOPLELS LAW ENFORCEMENT BOARD ;PLEB) Page 29 of 40

a body created pursuant to /' B64: one of the disciplinary authorities of the 8$8 authorized to handle and investigate citizen"s complaint the central receiving entity for any citizen"s complaint against the 8$8 members shall be created by the sangguniang panlungssodKbayan in every city and municipality as may be necessary there shall be at least one (1) 8(%= for every five hundred (:DD) city or municipal police personnel membership in the 8(%= is a civic duty

COMPOSITION OF PLEB 8(%= shall be composed of 2,D+ ;!) @+@&+64 who shall be as followsF %/A @+@&+6 12 0*+ 4%/779/,%/7 .%/-9/741(/&%A%/ %/A &%6%/7%A '*%,6@%/ 12 0*+ -1'%-,0A '1/'+6/+( 0*6++ 10*+6 @+@&+64 01 &+ '*14+/ &A 0*+ -1'%- .+%'+ %/( 16(+6 '19/',- 261@ %@1/7 0*+ @+@&+64 12 0*+ '1@@9/,0A for the three other members, the following conditions must be metF one must be a woman one must be a lawyer, or a college graduate, or the principal of an elementary school in the locality the )7'E/&'$ of the 8(%= shall be elected from among its members the 0+6@ 12 122,'+ of the members of the 8(%= is THREE ;3) YEARS PROCEDURE IN THE PLEB the procedure shall be summary in nature, conducted in accordance with due process but without strict regard to technical rules of evidence cases handled by 8(%= shall be decided by majority votes of its members each case shall be decided within SI)TY ;"F) DAYS from the time it has been filed with the 8(%= the decision of the 8(%= shall become final and executory, except for decisions involving demotion or dismissal from the service decisions involving demotion or dismissal from the service may be appealed with the REGIONAL APPELLATE BOARD 3,0*,/ TEN ;1F) DAYS from receipt of the copy of the decision ADMINISTRATIVE DISCIPLINARY MACHINERIES IN THE PNP A) CITIZENLS COMPLAINTS pertains to any complaint initiated by a private citizen or his duly authorized representative on account of an injury, damage or disturbance sustained due to an irregular or illegal act committed by a member of the 8$8 DISCIPLINARY AUTHORITIES FOR CITIZENLS COMPLAINTS Page 30 of 40

1) CHIEF OF POLICE where the offense is punishable by withholding of privileges, restriction to specified limits, suspension or forfeiture of salary, or any combination thereof, for % .+6,1( /10 +G'++(,/7 FIFTEEN ;1!) DAYS 2) CITY/MUNICIPAL MAYORS where the offense is punishable by withholding of privileges, restriction to specified limits, suspension or forfeiture of salary, or any combination thereof, for % .+6,1( /10 -+44 0*%/ SI)TEEN &90 /10 +G'++(,/7 THIRTY ;3F) DAYS 3) PEOPLELS LAW ENFORCEMENT BOARD ;PLEB) where the offense is punishable by withholding of privileges, restriction to specified limits, suspension or forfeiture of salary, or any combination thereof, for % .+6,1( +G'++(,/7 THIRTY ;3F) DAYS? 16 &A DISMISSAL B) BREACH OF INTERNAL DISCIPLINE refers to any offense committed by a member of the 8$8 involving and affecting order and discipline within the police organization MINOR OFFENSE shall refer to an act or omission not involving moral turpitude but affecting the internal discipline of the 8$8, and shall include but not be limited toF a) simple misconduct or negligence b) insubordination c) frequent absences or tardiness d) habitual drunkenness e) gambling prohibited by law DISCIPLINARY DISCIPLINE AUTHORITIES FOR BREACH OF INTERNAL

1) CHIEF OF POLICE may impose the administrative punishment of admonition or reprimand restriction to specified limits withholding of privileges forfeiture of salary or suspension or any combination of the foregoing 216 % .+6,1( NOT E)CEEDING FIFTEEN ;1!) DAYS !) PROVINCIAL DIRECTORS may impose the administrative punishment of admonition or reprimand restriction to specified limits withholding of privileges forfeiture of salary or suspension or any combination of the foregoing 216 % .+6,1( NOT E)CEEDING THIRTY ;3F) DAYS 3) REGIONAL DIRECTORS Page 31 of 40

may impose the administrative punishment of admonition or reprimand restriction to specified limits withholding of privileges forfeiture of salary or suspension demotion or any combination of the foregoing for % .+6,1( NOT E)CEEDING SI)TY ;"F) DAYS ) CHIEF OF THE PNP shall have the power to impose the disciplinary punishment of (,4@,44%- 261@ 0*+ 4+6D,'+H suspension or forfeiture of salary demotion or any combination of the foregoing 216 % .+6,1( NOT E)CEEDING ONE HUNDRED EIGHTY ;1BF) DAYS

SUMMARY DISMISSAL POWERS the NAPOLCOM, PNP C*,+2 and R+7,1/%- D,6+'0164 have summary dismissal powers in any of the following casesF 1) when the charge is serious and the evidence of guilt is strong !) when the respondent is a recidivist or has been repeatedly charged and there are reasonable grounds to believe that he is guilty of the charges and A) when the respondent is guilty of a serious offense involving conduct unbecoming of a police officer DISCIPLINARY APPELATE BOARDS formal administrative disciplinary appellate machinery of the $ational 8olice )ommission tasked to hear cases on appeal from the different disciplinary authorities in the 8$8 composed of the followingF 1) NATIONAL APPELLATE BOARD o shall decide cases on appeal from decisions rendered by the 8$8 )hief and the $ational Enternal 'ffairs *ervice o shall be composed of the four (5) regular commissioners and shall be chaired by the executive officer 2) REGIONAL APPELLATE BOARD o shall decide cases on appeal from decisions rendered by the /egional ?irector, 8rovincial ?irector, )hief of 8olice, the city or municipal mayor and the 8(%= o there shall be at least one (1) regional appellate board per administrative region D. BUREAU OF FIRE PROTECTION ;BFP) '6+%0+( &A D,609+ 12 RA "C#! initially composed of the officers and uniformed members of the fire service of the former Entegrated $ational 8olice

POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE BFP Page 32 of 40

1)

!) A)

shall be responsible for the prevention and suppression of all destructive fires on buildings, houses and other structures, forests, land transportation vehicles and equipment, ships or vessels docked at piers or wharves or anchored in major seaports, petroleum industry installations, plane crashes and other similar incidents shall be responsible for the enforcement of the 0ire )ode of the 8hilippines and other similar laws shall have the power to investigate all causes of fires, and if necessary, file the proper complaints with the city or provincial prosecutor who has jurisdiction over the case

FRGANIZATION AND COMPOSITION shall be *+%(+( &A % CHIEF, 3,0* 0*+ 6%/5 12 DIRECTOR, to be assisted by a DEPUTY CHIEF 3,0* 0*+ 6%/5 12 CHIEF SUPERINTENDENT shall be composed of provincial offices, district offices and city or municipal fire stations at the .61D,/',%- -+D+-, there shall be an OFFICE OF THE PROVINCIAL FIRE MARSHALL in case of large provinces, there shall be DISTRICT OFFICES to be headed by a DISTRICT FIRE MARSHALL at the city or municipal level, there shall be a FIRE STATION each headed by a CITY #/ MUNICIPAL FIRE MARSHALL RAN$ CLASSIFICATION ?E/%),#/ )7E%0 *<8%/E$,%$?%$, *%$E#/ *<8%/E$,%$?%$, *<8%/E$,%$?%$, )7E%0 E$*8%),#/ *%$E#/ E$*8%),#/ E$*8 *%$E#/ 0E/% #00E)%/ 5 *%$E#/ 0E/% #00E)%/ A *%$E#/ 0E/% #00E)%/ ! *%$E#/ 0E/% #00E)%/ 1 0E/% #00E)%/ A 0E/% #00E)%/ ! 0E/% #00E)%/ 1 E. BUREAU OF JAIL MANAGEMENT AND PENOLOGY ;BJMP) '6+%0+( &A D,609+ 12 RA "C#! initially composed by the officers and uniformed members of the former @ail &anagement and 8enology *ervice

POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE BJMP shall exercise supervision and control over all city and municipal jails however, the provincial jails shall be supervised and controlled by the provincial governor within his jurisdiction Page 33 of 40

ORGANIZATION AND COMPOSITION shall be *+%(+( &A % CHIEF 3,0* 0*+ 6%/5 12 DIRECTOR, to be assisted by a DEPUTY CHIEF 3,0* 0*+ 6%/5 12 CHIEF SUPERINTENDENT shall be composed of city and municipal jails each headed by a ',0A 16 @9/,',.%- I%,- 3%6(+/ RAN$ CLASSIFICATION ?E/%),#/ )7E%0 *<8%/E$,%$?%$, *%$E#/ *<8%/E$,%$?%$, *<8%/E$,%$?%$, )7E%0 E$*8%),#/ *%$E#/ E$*8%),#/ E$*8 *%$E#/ @'E( #00E)%/ 5 *%$E#/ @'E( #00E)%/ A *%$E#/ @'E( #00E)%/ ! *%$E#/ @'E( #00E)%/ 1 @'E( #00E)%/ A @'E( #00E)%/ ! @'E( #00E)%/ 1 RA C2"3 - B96+%9 12 F,6+ P610+'0,1/ %/( B96+%9 12 J%,M%/%7+@+/0 %/( P+/1-17A P612+44,1/%-,8%0,1/ A'0 12 2FF approved on 1D &arch !DD5 provided for the professionalization of the =08 and =@&8 RA C!C2 > %@+/(%016A -%3 01 RA C2"3 approved on 9 &ay !DD6 amended the provision on the qualification F.

minimum

educational

PHILIPPINE PUBLIC SAFETY COLLEGE ;PPSC) created by virtue of /' B64:

FUNCTION OF THE PPSC shall be the premier educational institution for the training, human resource development and continuing education of all personnel of the 8$8, =08 and =@&8 ORGANIZATION AND COMPOSITION shall be under the direct supervision of a B1%6( 12 T6940++4 '1@.14+( 12 0*+ S+'6+0%6A 12 0*+ DILG %/( 0*+ 0*6++ ;3) &96+%9 *+%(4 ;PNP? BFP %/( BJMP) shall consist of the 8hilippine $ational 8olice 'cademy, the $ational 8olice )ollege, the 8hilippine $ational ,raining Enstitute and other training centers as may be created POWERS AND FUNCTIONS 1) formulate and implement training programs for the personnel of the ?epartment !) establish and maintain adequate physical training facilities Page 34 of 40

A) 5) :)

develop and implement research and development to support educational training programs conduct an assessment of the training needs of the bureaus perform such other related functions as may be prescribed by the *ecretary PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE ACADEMY ;PNPA) created pursuant to *ection 1A of P6+4,(+/0,%- D+'6++ N1 11B a primary component of the 8hilippine 8ublic *afety )ollege (88*)) the premier educational institution for future officers of the 8hilippine $ational 8olice (8$8), =ureau of 0ire 8rotection (=08) and =ureau of @ail &anagement and 8enology (=@&8) upon completion of training, graduates will be conferred the degree of B%'*+-16 12 S',+/'+ ,/ P9&-,' S%2+0A ;BSPS) %/( %..1,/0+( %4 P1-,'+/F,6+/J%,I/4.+'016 POLICE PLANNING

G. -

VI.

PLAN an organized schedule or sequence by methodical activities intended to attain a goal or objectives for the accomplishments of mission or assignment a method or way of doing something in order to attain objectives and provides answers to the :+s and 17 PLANNING the determination in advance of how the objectives of the organization will be attained involves the determination of a course of action to take in performing a particular function or activity the process of developing methods or procedures, or an arrangement of parts intended to facilitate the accomplishment of a definite objective a management function concerned with visualizing future situation, making estimates concerning them, identifying issues, needs and potential danger points, analyzing and evaluating the alternative ways and means of reaching desired goals according to a certain schedule, estimating the necessary funds and resources to do the work and initiating action in time to prepare what may be needed to cope with changing conditions and contingent events the process of deciding in advance what is to be done and how it is to be done POLICE PLANNING an attempt by police administrators in trying to allocate anticipated resources to meet anticipated service demands

Page 35 of 40

the systematic and orderly determination of facts and events as basis for policy formulation and decision-making affecting law enforcement management

OPERATIONAL PLANNING the use of a rational design or pattern for all departmental undertakings rather than relying on chance in an operational environment the preparation and development of procedures and techniques in accomplishing each of the primary tasks and functions of an organization POLICE OPERATIONAL PLANNING the act of determining policies and guidelines for police activities and operations and providing controls and safeguards for such activities and operations in the department involves 406%0+7,+4 16 0%'0,'4? .61'+(96+4? .1-,',+4 16 79,(+-,/+4 STRATEGY a broad design or method stated goal or objectives or a plan to attain a

TACTICS are specific design, method or course of action to attain a particular objective in consonance with strategy PROCEDURES are sequences of activities to reach a point or to attain what is desired POLICY a course of action which could be a program of actions adopted by an individual, group, organization or government, or the set of principles on which they are based GUIDELINES IN PLANNING 1) +7', ,# ?# . missionKobjective !) +7; . reasonKphilosophy A) +7%$ . dateKtime 5) +7%/% . place :) +7# . people involved B) 7#+ . strategyKmethods CHARACTERISTICS OF A GOOD PLAN 1) with clearly defined goals or objectives !) simplicity, directness and clarity A) flexibility 5) possibility of attainment :) must provide standards of operation B) economy in terms of resources implementation Page 36 of 40

needed

for

CLASSIFICATION OF POLICE PLANS 1) A''16(,/7 01 C1D+6%7+: a) (ocal 8lans . within police precincts, substations and stations b) /egional 8lans c) $ational 8lans !) 'ccording to ,imeF a) S06%0+7,' 16 L1/7 R%/7+ P-%/ relates to plans which are strategic or long range in application b) I/0+6@+(,%0+ 16 M+(,9@ R%/7+ P-%/ (&'*,%/ 8('$*) relates to plans which determine quantity and quality efforts and accomplishments example is the B &aster 8lans of the 8$8 c) O.+6%0,1/%- 16 S*160 R%/7+ P-%/ (#8('$*) refers to the production of plans which determine the schedule of special activity and are applicable from one week or less than a year duration plans that address immediate need which are specific and how it can be accomplished on time with available allocated resources TYPES OF PLANS 1) PROCEDURAL PLAN OR POLICY PLANS deal with procedures that have been outlined and officially adopted by all members of the unit under specified circumstances guidelines for actions to be taken ,/'-9(+ %-- STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES ;SOP) POLICY - general plan of action that serves as a guide in the operation of the organization or unit - codes of procedures E)AMPLES OF PROCEDURAL PLANS/POLICY PLANS %) FIELD PROCEDURES procedures intended to be used in all situations of all kinds shall be outlined as guide to officers and men in the field, such asF procedures that relate to reporting, to raids, arrests, stopping suspicious persons, receiving complaints, investigation, etc HEADJUARTERS PROCEDURES include the procedures to be followed in the headquarters, usually reflected in the duty manual STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES ;SOP) procedures intended for specific operations to ensure uniformity of action

&) -

c) -

2) OPERATIONAL PLANS - often called work plan - the work program of the field units Page 37 of 40

- describe specific actions to be taken - the work to be done is estimated, manpower and equipment is allocated, proper objectives are defined and methods of accomplishment are developed - statistical analysis is widely used 3) TACTICAL PLANS - plans that concern methods of action to be taken at a designated location and under specific circumstances - generally emergency type plans that can be put into effect on the sudden occurrence of a condition requiring their use - planning for emergencies of a specific nature at known locations - developed for specific situations as they arise - examples areF .-%//,/7 216 @%I16 %'',(+/04H '%-%@,0,+4 16 (,4%40+64H 4.+',%+D+/04H *140%7+-0%5,/7 4,09%0,1/4? +0' ) ADMINISTRATIVE 16 MANAGEMENT PLANS - those plans that relate to staffing, equipping, supplying and organizing - include the structuring of functions, authority and responsibilities, the allocation of resources, personnel management, budgeting and other concerns administrative in nature - +G%@.-+4 %6+: %44,7/@+/0 %/( 06%,/,/7 12 .+641//+-H 6+'69,0@+/0H +E9,.@+/0 %/( 49..-A .61'+(96+4? +0' !) E)TRA-DEPARTMENTAL PLANS - those which require actions or assistance from persons or agencies outside of the department - involve coordination with other agencies - +G%@.-+4 %6+: +G'*%/7+ 12 ,/216@%0,1/ 1/ 3%/0+( .+641/4? 5/13/ (697 4A/(,'%0+4? 5/13/ 167%/,8+( '6,@+ 7619.4? 401-+/ D+*,'-+4? +0' SYPNOTIC PLANNING - also called rational-comprehensive approach - the dominant tradition in planning - especially appropriate for police agencies as it is based on the problem-oriented approach of planning - relies heavily on the problem identification and analysis phase of the planning process and can assist police administrators in formulating goals and priorities in terms that are focused on specific problems and solutions that often confront law enforcers - '1/4,404 12 ELEVEN PROGRESSIVE STEPS? and each step is designed to provide the police manager with a logical course of actionF

1)

PREPARE FOR PLANNING a) what actions are necessaryM b) when must they take placeM Page 38 of 40

c) d) !)

who is to be involved in each action and for how longM how will the various actions interlock with one anotherM

DESCRIBE THE PRESENT SITUATION a) evaluate the present situationF what is the present situationM b) compare the present situation to the ideal situationF what is the ideal situationM DEVELOP PROJECTIONS a) what are the desired outcomesM b) what are the desired resultsM CONSIDER ALTERNATIVE FUTURE STATE a) what will possibly happen in the futureM b) what are the possible changes that can happen in the futureM IDENTIFY AND ANALYZE PROBLEMS a) what is the problemM b) what are the areas that need attentionM c) what are the causes of the problemM d) how serious is the problemM SET GOALS a) what are the objectivesM

A)

5)

:)

B) 4)

IDENTIFY ALTERNATIVE COURSES OF ACTIONS a) what are the possible policies, possible strategies or possible specific actions that are aimed at eliminating the problemM b) what are the different possible procedures to be followedM 9) SELECT PREFERRED ALTERNATIVES a) what are the selected policies, strategies and specific actions to be followed and undertakenM b) what are the established procedures to be followedM PLANS FOR IMPLEMENTATION a) how are the policies, strategies and specific courses of actions going to be implemented or executedM b) 1D) who are the persons implementationM responsible for the

6)

IMPLEMENT PLANS actual execution of the plans that fulfill the objectives or goals MONITOR AND EVALUATE PROGRESS the final step of the synoptic planning Page 39 of 40

11)

a) b) c)

important step to determine if the plan was a success or not necessary in order to compare the goals with the results were the objectives or goals achievedM were the problems resolvedM what were the strengths and the weaknesses of the plansM

- end .

(ast updatedF &arch !D11

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