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# FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL

## UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA, SEKUDAI, JOHOR.

AIR CONDITIONING TUTORIALS
1. Moist air at a state of 60C dry bulb, 32.1C wet bulb and 1013.25 mbar barometer
pressure mixes adiabatically with moist air at 5C dry bulb and 0.5C wet bulb
temperature, at 1013.25 mbar barometric pressure. If the masses of dry air are 3kg and
2 kg, respectively, calculate the enthalpy, % saturation, specific volume, moisture
content, T
w
and T
d
for the mixture.
2. Calculate the load on an heat exchanger which heats 1.5.m
3
/s of moist air, initially at a
state of 21C dry bulb, 15C wet bulb and 1013.25 mbar barometric pressure, by 20
degrees. If low pressure hot water at 75C flows in and 25C return, is used to achieve
this, calculate the flow necessary, in kilograms of water per second.
3. 1.5 m
3
/s of moist air at a state of 28C dry bulb, 20.6C wet bulb and 1013.25 mbar flows
across a cooler coil and leaves the coil at 12.5C dry bulb and 8.336 g/kg of dry air.
a. Determine the apparatus dew point temperature.
b. Calculate the contact factor and bypass factor.
c. Calculate the cooling load in kW.
4. Dry saturated steam at 100C is injected at a rate of 0.01 kg/s into a moist air stream
moving at a rate of 1 kg of dry air per second and initially at a state of 28C dry bulb,
11.9C wet bulb and 1013.25 bar barometric pressure. Calculate the leaving state of the
moist airstream. How will this state change if dry saturated steam with maximum
enthalpy is injected the same rate?.
(hint use steam tables to determine enthalpies of steam).
5. Moist air at 28C dry bulb, 20.6C wet bulb and 1013.25 mbar barometric pressure flows
over a cooler coil and leaves it at a state of 10C dry bulb and 7.7 g/kg of dry air.
a. If the air is required to offset a sensible heat gain 2.35 kW and a latent heat gain
of 0.31 kW in a space being air-conditioned, calculate the mass of dry air which
must be supplied to the room in order to maintain a dry bulb temperature of 21C
therein.
b. What will be the relative humidity in the room?
c. If the sensible heat gain diminishes by 1.175 kW but the latent gain remains
unchanged, at what temperature and moisture content must the air be supplied
to maintain the same room condition.
MARINE AIR CONDITIONING DESIGN TUTORIAL
The following data refers to the dining room of a cruise ship.
Outside conditions are 33C at 70% R.H.
Inside conditions are to be 7C (effective) lower at 50% R.H. and the supply state of the
conditioning air is to be 6C (effective) lower still. The ratio of latent heat pick up to sensible
heat pick up is 1 to 3 and the ratio of the mass flow rates of recirculated air is 1 to 1. Due to
heat gain while passing through the ducting and fans, the temperature of the recalculated air
rises by 1C between leaving the room and entering the mixing chamber at the cooler entrance,
and the reheated air similarly gains
C
4
3

## on its passage from the reheater to the room.

The contact factor of the cooler can be taken to be between 0.8 and 0.9.
Using the psychrometric and effective temperature charts show how the various
conditions of the air in the circuit are determined and estimate the rate of heat exchange (kW) in
the reheater if the rate of air at the reheater discharge condition is 3 m
3
/s.