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FS453/4 AND FS455/6 DATA SHEET: PRODUCT BRIEF

FS453/4 and FS455/6


PC to TV Video Scan
Converter
Features
• Programmable 2D scaling – NTSC, NTSC-EIAJ, PAL-B/G/H/I
– Variable horizontal up and down scale – PAL-M, PAL-N, PAL-60
– Variable vertical up and down scale – Composite, S-Video
– Output format can be tuned to the exact – RGB SCART with CVBS
dimensions of the TV – HD YPrPb
– VGA input can be upscaled to fit PAL – SD YPrPb
(720x576) – VGA modes through XGA
• Advanced 2D flicker filter • Glueless digital interface to display chips
• Broadcast quality video encoder • ITU-R BT.656 studio grade encoder
• Supports multiple progressive input • 4 assignable 10-bit output D/A converters
resolutions • Macrovision 7 compliant (FS454 and
– Minimum 640x480 FS456)
– Maximum 1280 x 1024 (SXGA) – Includes 480p support
• HD modes • I2C* compatible port controls
– 480p • 80 pin PQFP (FS453 and FS454) or 88 pin
– 720p FBGA (FS455 and FS456) packages
– 1080i – Also available with a Pb-free option
• 3.3V, 1.8V operation
• Multiple output formats
Description
The FS453/4 and FS455/6 are video scan The FS453/4 and FS455/6 can be used both as
converters. They accept computer graphics, in TV encoders and as 75MHz DACs for VGA –
many different input resolutions and rates, and XGA outputs.
convert them to broadcast quality video
The digital video encoder generates Y/C, CVBS,
compliant with industry standards as shown:
RGB and YPrPb output signals. These signals
Format Standard can be combined to support RGB + CVBS for
NTSC (SD) SMPTE-170M SCART, YPrPb + CVBS or multiple CVBS and
PAL (SD) ITU-R 624 Y/C DAC outputs.
480p (HD) EIA-770.2-A The FS454 and FS456 incorporate Macrovision
720p (HD) SMPTE 296 7 anti-copy protection technology in the
1080i (HD) SMPTE 274 encoder, including 480p protection.
The programmable up and down scaler allows All parameters can be read and written via the
the incoming image to completely fill the output I2C compatible serial port. The flexibility of the
display screen. The programmable flicker filter FS453/4 and FS455/6 allows a glueless digital
is an advanced two-dimensional design that interface to most graphic display chips.
enhances text quality and eliminates artifacts. The FS453/4 and FS455/6 require power from
The degree of sharpness is also programmable. +1.8V digital and +3.3V analog supplies.
The digital progressive RGB inputs are scaled to For external components, the parts only need a
the ITU-R BT.601, 4:2:2 format. Vertical scaling 27 MHz clock and passive components.
and flicker filtering are done in the 4:2:2 format.
The FS453/4 comes in 80-lead Plastic Quad
HD inputs bypass the scaler and flicker filter, Flat Packs (PQFP) while the FS455/6 comes in
and are formatted directly into HD compatible 88-ball Fine-pitch Ball Grid Arrays (FBGA).
Component (YPrPb) outputs.
*Note: I2C is a registered trademark of Philips Corporation. The FS453/4 and FS455/6 Serial I/O bus is similar but not identical to the Philips I2C bus.

JULY, 2004, VERSION 3.0 1 COPYRIGHT 2002-4 FOCUS ENHANCEMENTS, INC.


FOCUS ENHANCEMENTS
FS453/4 AND FS455/6 DATA SHEET: PRODUCT BRIEF

Applications
• PC Video Out • Video Kiosks
• Web Appliances • Gaming Consoles

Architectural Overview
The FS453/4 and FS455/6 PC-to-Video Scan Converters support High Definition (HD) and Standard
Definition (SD) outputs and are compatible with most graphic controller chips. Each part takes in digital
RGB or YCrCb data and produces SD or HD analog outputs. In SD mode the FS453/4 and FS455/6
convert, scale, remove flicker, interlace and encode the data into NTSC or PAL formats. In HD mode the
FS453/4 and FS455/6 perform the different color space conversions then insert the required syncs for
output. The FS453/4 and FS455/6 have the following major sections:
• Oscillators and PLLs • Patented 2D Flicker Filter
• Serial Control Port • Studio Grade Encoder
• Input Synchronization • HDTV Sync Insertion
• Patented Horizontal and Vertical Scaling • Configurable Quad 10-bit DAC
• Programmable Color Space Converter

2D Inverse
Color
Demux

2D Flicker Color
P[23:0] Space
Multiplexer

Scaler Filter Space


Conv. Post
FIFO 10-bit DAC A
Scaler

Multiplexer
10-bit DAC B
Encoder
10-bit DAC C
10-bit DAC D
Bi & Tri-Level
Sync
SDATA Serial Insertion
Control
SCLK Interface
Sync VSync
Timing HSync
ClkIn[P:N] Clock Management to internal clocks
Generator Blank
Field

XTAL
Crystal OSC NCO PLL ClkOut

FS453/4 and FS455/6 Functional Block Diagram

FOCUS Enhancements, Inc.


1370 Dell Avenue Phone: (408) 866-8300
Campbell, CA 95008 Fax: (408) 866-4859
www.FOCUSinfo.com Email: info@FOCUSinfo.com

JULY, 2004, VERSION 3.0 2 COPYRIGHT 2002-4 FOCUS ENHANCEMENTS, INC.


FOCUS ENHANCEMENTS