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BABA FARID COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engg.

Experiment:-To determine the tensile properties of given material. Theory:-The tensile test consists of clamping one and of the specimen and an axial pull is applied at other end. The force is increased till fracture occurs. Thus a load elongation curve is plotted. Stress-Strain curve can also be similarly plotted. The test piece used can either be circular of rectangular in cross section. For either case central portion of specimen is machined to make it slides parallel. Prior to testing gauge length is measured and marked over the specimen which is used to measure strain during testing. It is important that the fracture must occur within the gauge length must be related to the cross section area of the specimen as Gauge Length =5.65 A=Cross section area of specimen.

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BABA FARID COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engg.

Observation & Calculations:-Diameter of specimen = Cross section area Gauge Length Force Elongation = =

mm mm2 mm

for Strength of Material Lab & Solid Mechanics Lab

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BABA FARID COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engg. Experiment:-To determine Impact strength of steel by Charpy Test. Theory:-Behavior of a material differs in static and dynamic loading. In this test, test piece is subjected to a blow by a hammer. The test piece is fractured by the impact, and the amount of kinetic energy lost by hammer is reported as the energy to fracture or impact value. Charpy Test: - In this test the specimen is simply supported in a horizontal position. Charpy test is used for both matels and plastics and is preferable than Izod test

Observation & Calculations:Test Name Energy without Energy specimen breaking (Joules) specimen (1) (Joules) (2) after Impact strength the =(1)-(2) =Joules (3)

Charpy Test

for Strength of Material Lab & Solid Mechanics Lab

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BABA FARID COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engg. Experiment:-To determine Impact strength of steel by Izod Test. Theory:-Behavior of a material differes in static and dynamic loading. In this test, test piece is subjected to a blow by a hammer. The test piece is fractured by the impact, and the amount of kinetic energy lost by hammer is reported as the energy to fracture or impact value. Izod Test:-In this test, the specimen is clamped vertically with a screw. Thus the test piece behaves like a cantilever, Izod test is used for cast iron and steel.

Observation & Calculations:Test Name Energy without Energy specimen breaking (Joules) specimen (1) (Joules) (2) after Impact strength the =(1)-(2) =Joules (3)

Izod Test

for Strength of Material Lab & Solid Mechanics Lab

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BABA FARID COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engg. Experiment :- To test mild steel /cast iron specimen in Torsion and to draw a stress strain curve in Torsional Shear. Theory:-Some of the metal section used in Civil Engg. Construction and certain machine components are subjected to twisting moments so shear stress due to torsion and due to bending are produced, which result in principal stresses and strains. The resultant stresses and strains may exceed the permissible values and the material may fail. Examples are metallic beams curved in plan and metallic joists, supporting also on one side only. For obtaining fundamental information about ductility, torsion test is most satisfactory. Let specimen of length l, radius are fixed at one end and applied a torque T on free end as shown in figure.

Then torsion equation is T/Ip=C/I=q/r Where T = Torque applied (kg.cm) I = polar moment of inertia of section =D4 /32 C = Shear modulus of material =Ixx+Iyy l = Length of specimen (cm) = Angle of twist in radians. Q = Shear stress in material due to torsion (kg/cm2) R = Radius of shaft.

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Shear Strain () = Shear Stress (q)/C = r/I

Procedure:-Chose a perfect straight specimen. Measure the diameter at three places and find average value. Clamp the specimen in grips. Set the strain indicator and torque indicator to zero and strain in intervals up to failure.

Observation & Calculations:Diameter of specimen = Length of specimen= Torque (kg.cm) cm cm

(T) Strain =Angle of Shear strain() Shear Stress(q) twist() = . r/I = T. r/I p (Kg/cm2)

for Strength of Material Lab & Solid Mechanics Lab

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BABA FARID COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engg. Experiment: - To study the fatigue strength of mild steel specimen using fatigue testing machine. Theory:-machine parts etc. are subjected to deformation and fatigue under repeated action of loads and reversal of stresses. A part may be subjected to any one or group of following stresses: a) b) c) d) Direct Stress Bending Stress Shear & Torsion

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BABA FARID COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engg.

Apparatus :- Fatigue Testing Machine Procedure: - Clamp the specimen in position such that there should not be any play in it. Put weight (say 15kg) & set monitor to zero. Start the motor. The specimen is subjected to repetitive stress and strain up to failure. At failure stop the machine and note the repetition the suffered. Repeat the test with the new specimen at smaller load 12,10,8,6,5kgs. And note the respective number of repitionons. Plot a between load and number of repetition as shown in fig. Observation & Calculations:Eddurance Limit is = Kgf Fatigue strength=Endurance limit/Area of cross section of specimen (=r2)

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BABA FARID COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engg.

Experiment:- To determine the stiffness of a spring(Close coiled helical ) Theory:- Springs are subjected to many engineering applications such as automobiles & railway buffers in order to cusaion, absorb or control energy due to shock & vibrations. They are used as vibration dampers in machine which are acted upon by vibrating loads. They are also used to measure force in the form of a spring balance and can change in form without being distorted permanently.

Procedure:- Place the given spring in position in the spring testing machine. Start the machine. The spring is subjected to compressive load. Note the scale attached to the machine. Then take readings for unloading conditions, draw the curve between load & deflection from that find the stiffness of the spring.

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