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JUNE 2011


A Report Presented to The Council For The Regulation Of Engineering In Nigeria (COREN)

By Israel Esehoghene Abraham In partial fulfillment of the Requirement for the Registration as Corporate Member of The Council For The Regulation Of Engineering In Nigeria (COREN)

JUNE 2011

This is to certify that I, Israel Esehoghene Abraham wrote the content of this report and it is a true reflection of my training and post-graduate working experience



Engr. Israel E. Abraham, MNSE (Supervisor)


Content Cover page Title page Certificate of submission Table of content Acknowledgement Abstract /Introduction 1.0. Chapter one 1.0. Educational and Technical training 1.1. Secondary education 1.2. Higher educations (1) 1.3. Higher educations (2) 1.4. N.Y.S.C 11.6.On the Job training at PHCN 2.0. Chapter two 2.0. Practical Engineering Experience 2.1 As an industrial trainee 2.2 As Pupilage under Training at NEPA 2.3 As Project Engineer/Supervisor at Elkaris Nigeria Limited. 2.4 As an Engineer System Operator with TCN, PHCN Plc 3.0. Chapter Three 3.0. Design and Construction of iv 2 2 5 5 5 5 10 11 17 17 Page No. i ii iii iv vii viii 1 1 1 1 1

3.1 Abstract to technical report/Introduction 3.2. Scope and purpose of the project 3.3. Materials required 3.4. Procedures used Design Calculations of a Rural Electrification Project in Gusau, Zamfara State, Nigeria 3.0. Electrical survey, design, construction and commissioning of the Gusau/Tsafe Rural Electrification Project 3.1. Field equipment required 3.2. Data gathering 3.3. Design criteria for the Gusau-Tsafe rural electrification project. 3.4. Community Load Evaluation/Analysis 3.5. General Consideration for Load Allocation 3.52. Maximum Acceptable Losses in Transformers 3.53. Power Demand and Energy Consumption of Domestic Appliances 3.51. Maximum load demand 3.6. Street Lights 3.7. Low Voltage Underground Cable Capacity Evaluation/Analysis 3.8. Design Drawings 3.9. Bill of Engineering Materials and Evaluation for the Gusau - Tsafe Rural Electrification Project covering Eight villages in Zamfara State, Nigeria. 3.10. Project Cost Summary 3.11. Completion 3.12. Certification: Federal Ministry of Mines, Power and Steel v

17 18 18 20

2 2 3 3 4 10 11 12 13 16 16 17

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Inspection Certificate 3.13. Pre-commissioning and Commissioning 4.0. Chapter Four 4.0. Engineering problem encountered, solution proffered and experienced gained from them. 4.1. 4.2 4.3. 5.0. Chapter five 5.0. Conclusion & Appendixes 5.1. Conclusion 5.2. Appendixes Appendix1: DRW No. A1 to A8; Eight Villages Appendix 2: Electricity Grid Network Planning & Development Appendix1: DRW No. A1 to A8; Eight Villages Appendix 2: Electricity Grid Network Planning & Development Appendix1: DRW No. A1 to A8; Eight Villages Appendix 2: Electricity Grid Network Planning & Development

25 25 33

33 33 34 35 40 40 40 40



My special thanks go to God Almighty whose mercies on me surpass human understanding; He kept me till this day.

My special thanks go to my sponsor ENGR. I. E. ABRAHAM, MNSE from TCN PHCN at Abuja for his technical advice and invaluable guidance to me during the course of my pursuit of this program

Finally, my thanks go to my superiors at my work place who gave me much knowledge and insight into all that I now know. May the almighty God enrich you all greatly.


The abstract of this project basically reflects on my education background and practical working experience. In general, its entails three major areas of my work experience. This includes; 1. My training experience in NEPA, Abuja during my service (NYSC) year 2. My working experience as Project Engineer at Elkaris Nigeria Limited (1999 2004). 3. My working experience at Transmission Company of Nigeria (TCN), PHCN, Abuja My working experience include when I went for my one year compulsory Industrial training at The Federal Freshwater Fisheries School where I was involved in the maintenance of boat building factory equipment (Generators, Motors, and other heavy duty machineries) and staff housing estate at New - Bussa, Kainji. Next is my one year National Youth Service Corp Scheme which afforded me the opportunity to be trained as a seasoned Distribution Engineer with National Electric Power Authority (NEPA), Abuja. The training received at National Electric Power Authority (NEPA), Abuja was so in-depth that when I finished my youth service programme, my first employer made me the project Supervisor/Engineer at Gusau, Zamfara state. I single handedly managed the project to completion and commissioning. During my position as project Engineer/Supervisor, I under took several jobs that concerns Electrical house wiring, Electrical distribution network/Rural electrification projects and project feasibility/Evaluation studies. I remained in that position until when I secured another appointment with NEPA (Now PHCN) in 2004 as an Engineer System Operator. As an Engineer System Operator, I am involved in the control of Grid System parameters (System frequency and voltages at 330/132/33Kv Transmission Control Centers/Stations).



The abstract of this project basically reflects on my practical working experience as Project Engineer at Elkaris Nigeria Limited (1999 2004), with particular details on the GusauTsafe Rural Electrification project covering Eight villages in over two Local Government Areas of Zamfara state.

The Design Calculations report shows the various technical jobs undertaken to electrify the villages under consideration.; from the site survey stages, marking and measurements, enumerations of the community load consumptions, project feasibility/Evaluation studies, evaluations of the size, type and quantities of materials required, preparation of the Priced Bill Of Quantities (B.O.Q.), submission of same as a Proposal/Tender for jobs needed to be done. Then after award of job, the Procurement process, mobilization of men & materials to site, bush clearing operations, tree cutting exercises, marking, pegging, excavation of poles holes point, erection of poles and other materials, method and procedures used to achieved perfect job, substation construction and tidying up of earlier job done, Design drawings produced, correspondence to relevant authorities, test, checks and inspections of installations, pre commissioning and eventual commissioning/Hand over.