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DigitalandDataComm

QuestText _____ are forms of delay-modulated codes where a logic 1 condition produces a transition in the middle of the clock pulse, and a logic 0 produces no transition at the end of the clock intervals unless followed by another logic 0. _____ are multilevel binary codes that use more than two voltage levels to represent the data. _____ carriers involve the transmission of PCMencoded time-division time-division-multiplexed digital signals. They utilize special line-encoded signals and metallic cables that have been conditioned to meet the relatively high bandwidth required for high-speed digital transmissions. _____ commonly called the Manchester code. _____ data transmission is one in which the corresponding significant instants of two or more sequential signals have a constant phase relationship. _____ data transmission utilizes a timing clock to provide synchronization. _____ ensures that the transmitter and receiver agree on prescribed time slot for the occurrence of a bit. _____ is a broad-bandwidth, low delay, packet-like (cell relay) switching and multiplexing technique. _____ is a data communications network designed to provide two-way communications between a large variety of data communications terminal equipment within a relatively small geographic area. _____ is a device in data transmission to interface a data terminal equipment to an analog transmission Choice1 Biphase M Choice2 Biphase T Choice3 Biphase L Choice4 Biphase S Subj Digital & Data Communications

Dicodes T

Diphase E

Biphase D

Bicodes All of the above

Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

Biphase L Isochronous

Biphase M Asynchronous

Biphase S Synchronous

Biphase K Plesiochronous

Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

Synchronous Bit or clock synchronization Asynchronous Transfer Mode LAN

Asynchronous Modem or carrier synchronization Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing WAN

Isochronous Character synchronization Wavelength Division Multiplexing PAN

Isochronous

Digital & Data Communications Message synchronization Digital & Data Communications Frequency Division Digital & Data Multiplexing Communications Ethernet Digital & Data Communications

Modem

RS 232

Connector

RJ-11 plug

Digital & Data Communications

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText line. _____ Is a form of BPRZ encoding that uses one cycle of a square wave at 0 phase to represent a logic 1, and one cycle of square wave at 180phase to represent logic 0. _____ is a modulation scheme involving conversion of a signal from analog to digital form by means of coding. _____ is a network interface protocol defined in CCITT Recommendation 1.122 "Framework for additional packet mode bearer services," as a packet mode service. _____ is a set of rules governing the orderly exchange of data information. _____ is a standard for data transmission contained in the first three layers of the OSI reference model. _____ is defined to be the maximum rate at which information can be transmitted through a channel. _____ is hand operated device which translates movement of click-button instructions into movement of the cursor on a CDT screen. _____ is more prevalent in analog signals that have steep slopes o whose amplitudes vary rapidly. _____ is needed in order to send characters in binary form. _____ is not a functional area of network management. Choice1 Manchester Code Choice2 Dicodes RZ Choice3 Dicode NRZ Choice4 BPRZ-AMI Subj Digital & Data Communications

PCM Frame Relay

PAM

FDM

TDM

File Transfer Protocol Header

Digital & Data Communications Internet Message Access Digital & Data Protocol Communications

Protocol X.25 Channel capacity Mouse

Ordinance X.400 Coding Laser pointer

Code X.323 Baud rate Joystick

Polling X.52 Bit rate Optical pen

Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data

Slope overload Code

Quantization noise Bit Configuration Management Newton's Law Synchronous mode

Peak limiting Character Performance Management Shannon's Law Packet mode

Granular noise Digit Security Management A-law Circuit mode

Documentation Management _____ is the method of encoding audio signals used in Mu-law US standard 1544 kbits/24 channel PCM system? _____ is the mode of transmission in PDN in which data Start/stop mode

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText are transferred from source to the network then to the destination in an asynchronous data format. _____ is the ratio of the active time of the pulse to the period of the waveform, and is one of the primary factors to be considered when selecting a line encoding format. _____ is the signal which causes suspension of the operation on the sequence of instruction and the initiation of another sequence of instruction due to external event. _____ is the termination of the inside plant cable and the outside plant cable. _____ is used to convert analog signal into binary digital form. _____ sets a limit on the maximum capacity of a channel with a given noise level. _____ stuffing is used when the frame rate of the SPE is too slow in relation to the rate of the STS-1. _____ switching provides direct switched connection between components arranges in N X M array of lines at crosspoints. _____ uses a star topology. 100-Mbps (Fast Ethernet) Ethernet is a LAN specification that operates at 100 Mbps over 24 8-bit samples plus framing bit are multiplexed at 8,000 frames per second. The T1 bit rate is 3 Jumbo Groups is composed of how many VB Channels. Choice1 Choice2 Choice3 Choice4 Subj Communications Digital & Data Communications

Duty cycle

Waveform cycle

Pulse cycle

Frame time

Interrupt

Stop bit

Iterative loop

Decision point

Digital & Data Communications

Main Distribution Frame Cross-Connect (MDF) Cabinet PCM PAM Shannon-Hartley theorem Positive Circuit Shannon theorem Negative Message

Termination Box PTM Nyquist theorem Polarized Packet

Connector PLM Hartley theorem Unpolarized Direct

Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

10Base-T Twisted-pair cable 1.544 Mbps 10800

10Base-5 Coaxial cable 64 kbps 32400

10Base-2 Fiber 16, 279 kbps 3600

10Base -F None of the above 16, 279 bps 600

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText A ___ connection provides a dedicated link between two devices. A ___ consists of communications media, devices, and software needed to connect two or more computer systems and/or devices. A ___ is a device that is a source of or destination for binary digital data. A ___ signaling uses analog modulation with large bandwidth in analog waveform, often in FDM. A 5-unit transmission code: A bit which is generated by the data source and not used for error control by the transmission system. A character whose occurrence in a particular context initiates, modifies, or stops a control operation: A class of digital transmission at 64 kbps, which is the standard for digitizing one voice conversion. A code developed by IBM and primarily used for synchronous communications. A code sent downstream indicating an upstream failure has occurred A code that uses three unequal length symbols: dot, dash and space to encode a character. A communication network used by the organization over a limited distance that allows users with PCs to be linked together and share information and resources is called A communications system that uses digital pulses to encode information rather than analog signals. Choice1 Point-to-point Local area network Choice2 Multipoint Wide area network Choice3 Primary Computer network Choice4 Secondary Telecommunications model Data transmission encoder Remote EBCDIC Tail bit Special Character DS-3 ASCII code Virtual tributary Hollerith code Timesharing Subj Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

Data terminal equipment Broadband Baudot code Information bit Graphic Control Character DS-0 EBCDIC code Alarm indicating signal Morse code LAN

Data transmission equipment Base band Hex code Frame bit Alphanumeric Character DS-2 Gray code Remote alarm indication Baudot code WAN

Data terminal encoder Virtual ASCII Heading bit Data Link Control Character DS-1 Biquinary code Remote error indication ASCII Distributed processing

Digital Carrier

T carrier

T2

T5

Digital & Data Communications

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText A CRC generator uses which components? Choice1 Shift register Choice2 Balanced modulator Packet Switching network Choice3 Binary adder International Gateway Choice4 Multiplexer Virtual Circuit Subj Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

A data communication network that is designed to Local Area Network provide two-way communications between a large variety of data communications terminal equipment within a relatively small geographic area. A device that connects LANs at the ISO data link level. Bridge A device that connects two different networks and Gateway performs the protocol conversion. A device that converts 2-wire circuit to a 4-wire circuit Hybrid Circuit A digital interface that provides the physical connection Data service unit/ to a digital carrier network. channel service unit A file transfer protocol based on the X modem Y modem protocol. It uses a 1,024 byte packet size. A form of store and forward network. Message switching A forward error correcting code corrects errors by Requiring no part of the signal to be retransmitted Unique line encoding framing

LAN Connector Converter Stub Channel service unit R modem Packet switching Requiring partial transmission of the signal Added channel framing

Backbone

Digital & Data Communications Coupler Transformer Digital & Data Communications Balun PS-232 interface Digital & Data Communications Data channel unit Data service unit Digital & Data Communications Z modem V modem Digital & Data Communications Circuit switching Any of the above Digital & Data Communications Requiring retransmission Using no party to correct Digital & Data of the entire signal the errors in all cases Communications Robbed digit framing Statistical framing Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

Gateway

A frame synchronization method that periodically replaces information bits with forced data errors to maintain clock synchronization. A frame synchronization method where some property Unique-line code of the framing bit is different from the data bits. The framing framing bit is made either higher or lower in amplitude or with a different time duration. A function represented as a special format effector in a Back space

Robbed-digit framing Statistical framing

Added-digit framing

Backbone routine

Back-off

Backward channel

Digital & Data

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText Choice1 data communications code & serving as an instruction to move a print mechanism or a cursor of a visual display unit backwards for one position. A group of four bits is classified as a Nibble A group of packets from a source through an X.25 packet system to a sink: A hardware and software rules and procedures for making sure that any transmission errors are detected: A high bandwidth, controlled-delay fixed-size packet switching and transmission system. A high-speed digital switching and transmission technology allowing voice, video, and data to be sent over a single wire or fiber optic line. A high-speed line or series of connections that forms a major pathway within a network is called ___________. A large scale integration (LSI) chip designed for the used in telecommunications industry for PBXs, CO switches, digital handsets and echo suppressors. A leased line is Arrive in the same order sent for both PVC and VC Protocol ATM ATM Choice2 Choice3 Choice4 Subj Communications

ASCII code Arrive in the same order sent for VC, but not for PVC Standard DSL DSL

Baud Arrive in the same order sent for PVC, but not for VC Parity DLC Broadband

Byte None of the above

Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

Hamming code ISDN Base band

Backbone

Coaxial cable

Optical fiber

All of the above

Combo chip

Input filter

Output filter

CODEC

A longitudinal redundancy check produces a(n)

A permanent ckt. for private use w/in comm'n network Block check character

A piece of wire used in a LAN in one building Parity bit

A piece of wire connecting a telephone set to a PABX CRC Acoustically couple modem MP3

A low speed modem that sends and receives data using Dial-up modem Dedicated circuit an ordinary telephone handset. modem A means of compressing digital audio signals that relies Advanced Audio Coding Advanced Authoring

A temporary connection Digital & Data of one computer to a Communications main frame Error correction Digital & Data Communications Hardware modem Digital & Data Communications Codec Digital & Data

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText Choice1 on perceptual coding schemes (the removal of data related to audio signals that are not perceptible by the human ear), A means of utilizing the unused spectrum of the FDM Data Under Voice (DUV) system. This is a transmission of digitally encoded signals via FDM system. A MODEM that transmit a continuous stream of Synchronous characters without character interval is classified as A multidrop line is A line or circuit interconnecting several stations A permanent virtual circuit involves __________ Data transfer A popular type of line encoding that produces a strong Digital Biphase timing component for clock recovery and doest not cause dc wandering. A programming method in which the program to be Downloading used in a remote terminal is sent from central location to that remote terminal, and stored there for local use is called ANSI stands for American National Standards Institute ARPA stands for Advanced Research Projects Agency As a query language, IBM language Channel capacities of T2 carrier. SQL 96 Choice2 Format Choice3 Choice4 Subj Communications

Data In Voice (DIV)

Data Above Voice (DAV)

Data Above Video (DAVID) None of the above None of the above

Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

Asynchronous

Statistical

A piece of wire with a A line designed to thick insulating mat'l withstand high pressure that protects All of the above Connection establishment Duty Cycle Error detection

Connection release

Digital & Data Communications Transmission bandwidth Digital & Data Communications Emulation Digital & Data Communications

Off-line programming Telemetry

Argentina National Standards Institute Association of Research Projects for Advancement ADL 48

Albania National Standards Institute Architecture of Research Projects to Advancement QUESTION 24

Africa National Standards Institute Association of Random Projects Accomplished Clout 672

Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText If the ASCII character G is sent and the character D is received, what type of error is this? If the binary pulse is maintained for the entire bit time, it is called _________. If the bit rate for a QAM signal is 3000 bps and a signal element is represented by a tribit, what is the baud rate? If the frequency spectrum of a signal has a bandwidth of 500 Hz with the highest frequency of 600 Hz, what should be the sampling rate according to Nyquist theorem? The D4 framing pattern contains a sequence of : The data modem that transmit continuous stream of characters without intervals is classified as : The data rate of OC-48. Choice1 Burst Non-return to Zero 1000 Choice2 Multi-bit Choice3 Single-bit Choice4 Recoverable Unipolar Non-return to zero 3000 Subj Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

Bipolar Return to Zero Return to Zero 9000 300

1200 samples/sec

1000 samples/sec

500 samples/sec

600 samples/sec

12 bits Synchronous 2.488 Gbps

24 bits

The data transmission rate of a modem is measured in Bits per second The definition of devices used for conducting loop tests on modems. A type of xDSL that provides full-duplex symmetric data communications up to 1.544 Mbps (2.048 Mbps in Europe) over moderate distances via conventional telephones twisted-pair wires. A very common method of networking computers in a LAN. A Western Electric 201 modem operates with a carrier frequency of: V.54 High Bit-Rate Digital Subscriber Line (HDSL)

4 terminal and 8 framing 8 terminal and 4 framing Digital & Data bits bits Communications Asynchronous Serial Parallel Digital & Data Communications 4.288 Gbps 2.048 Mbps 4. 828 Mbps Digital & Data Communications Baud rate Bytes per seconds Megahertz Digital & Data Communications X.55 X.54 V.55 Digital & Data Communications Symmetric Digital ISDN based DSL (IDSL) Rate Adaptive Digital Digital & Data Subscriber Line (SDSL) Subscriber Line (RADSL) Communications

Ethernet 1800 Hz

ESCON 1000 Hz

DLC 1200 Hz

DSL 600 bauds

Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText Disadvantages of digital transmission. Choice1 All of the above Choice2 Choice3 Choice4 More bandwidth & Requires ADC & DAC Incompatible with precise timing is devices existing analog facilities required Automatic Requisition Automatic Request Code Automatic Request Repeat 2.048 Mbps 1.644 Mbps 9600 kbps 320 Biphase M 4 bits Have the advantage that they don't take up memory space MM Telephone company rules required them Telephone company rules required them The telephone network bandwidth is too high Digital medium Digital 32 Biphase L 7 bits Are associated w/ electromechanical teleprinterss MRD 24 Biphase S 8 bits None of the above Subj Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data

In data communications, ARQ means T-1 carrier service has _______ digital bit rate. T4 carrier system can support how many channels? The following are variations of biphase except for one The Frame alignment format in the DS-1 signal contains: Memory-mapped displays:

Automatic Request for Retransmission 1.544 Mbps 4032 Biphase T 1 bit Allow direct addressing display locations by processor MR None of the above

Modem status acronym of modem ready is Modems are required to connect computer to telephone lines because_____. Modems are required to connect computer to telephone lines because Modems are required to connect computers to telephone lines because: 2

Mod R

The telephone bandwidth The telephone network is too high will pass direct current The telephone network None of the above bandwidth is too high Telephone company rules None of the above require them Analog and digital medium Asynchronous None of the above None of the above

The telephone network will pass direct current The telephone network will not pass direct current Modems are used for data transmission over telephone Analog medium lines because telephone lines is a/an : Modems will no longer be needed when terminal Synchronized

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText equipment and transmission systems are The geography of the company's building (including where it will need workstation) has a direct effect on The hamming bits inserted into every other location starting at the left for the ASCII character "B" is The standard first-level digital multiplex system in the U.S operates at: The standard that specifies a balanced interface cable that will operate a bit rates up to 10 Mbps with a span distance up to 1200 m. In the XMODEM protocol, the sender waits for what character from the receiver before beginning transmission Synchronous modems costs more than asynchronous modems because Synchronous transmission does not have A protocol analyzer can Choice1 All of the above 1010 1.544 Mbps RS-422A Choice2 Choice3 Choice4 The network's cost 0111 9,600 bps RS-449A Subj Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

The network topology The network's medium 1001 2.048 Mbps RS-423A 0110 44.736 Mbps RS-550A

NAK

WACK

ACK

RVI

They must contain clock They are larger recovery circuits All of the above S start bit All of the above Display traffic patterns in graphic form X.8

They must operate on a larger bandwidth A stop bit Summarize traffic between two stations X.23

A recommendation for electrical requirements for balanced double-current interchanged circuits for use with integrated circuits in data communications. A seven-bit character can represent one of _______ possibilities. A single LAN specification that operates at 1000 Mbps over fiber and twisted-pair cables. A single Node domain can handle

V.11

The production volume is Digital & Data larger Communications Gap between bytes Digital & Data Communications Provide detailed data on Digital & Data traffic between two Communications stations V.9 Digital & Data Communications 16 Synchronous digital hierarchy 1 million users Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

128 Gigabit ethernet 10,000 users

64 Fast ethernet 100 users

256 Digital loop carrier 1,000 users

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText A standard for a 200-baud modem for use over the switched telephone network. A standard for a modem operating at 2,400/4,800 bps for use in the public switched telephone network A standard for a modem operating at 4,800 bps over a leased circuit. A standard for a modem operating at 600/1200 bps over the switched telephone network. A standard for modems used in synchronous transmission over circuits in the group from 60 to 108 kHz. A standard protocol specifying a CSMA/CD LAN. It was originally based on 10-Mbps Ethernet but also describes a range of CSMA/CD systems running at speeds from 1 to 10 Mbps. A standard protocol specifying a token bus LAN. Physically, it uses a linear or tree-shaped cable, but logically the stations from a ring and are aware of the addresses of the neighboring stations. A standard protocol specifying a token ring LAN at 1,4 or 6 Mbps. It describes a collection of point-to-point links and does not broadcast in the manner of IEEE 802.3. A storage device in which data are temporarily held during data transmission to compensate for a difference in the rate of flow of information: A superjumbo group has ____ voice band channels. A synchronous modems are used primarily for Choice1 V.21 V.27ter V.27 V.232 V.36 X.21 X.26bis X.28 X.23 X.36 Choice2 X.23 X.27bis V.25 V.25 X.41 Choice3 V.23 V.27bis X.25 X.25 V.35 Choice4 Subj Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

IEEE 802.3

IEEE 802.2

IEEE 802.1

IEEE 802.4

IEEE 802.4

IEEE 802.3

IEEE 802.2

IEEE 802.1

Digital & Data Communications

IEEE 802.5

IEEE 802.4

IEEE 802.3

IEEE 802.1

Digital & Data Communications

Buffer

Secondary

Register

Memory

Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data

10,800 High speed digital

1,800 Full-duplex circuits

3,600

9,600

Low speed dial-up circuits Any of the above

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText A T-1 digital carrier system has _____ voice channels: A telephone switch is an example of ___ switching. circuits 24 Circuit Choice1 4 Message 30 kbps Choice2 8 Packet 20.9 kbps Choice3 32 Virtual circuit None of the above Choice4 Subj Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

According to Shannon, the limits for information 26.9 kbps capacity of 2.7 KHz channel bandwidth having a signal to noise ratio of 1000 (30 db) is equal to about An analog companding technique established by CCITT. A-law companding An E-1 system has ______ digital voice channels An element of the SDH hierarchy. Basic line rate of T3 carrier system Between two quantizers, the quality of one with the lower SQR will be: Binary codes are sometimes transformed in modems into: By leasing computer time, the resources of a mainframe computer are used by various users with terminals and modems at different times of day. This concept is called By leasing computer time, the resources of a mainframe computer are used by various users with terminals and modems at different times of the day. This concept is called Control information (other than handshaking) in X.21 is 24 STM 44.736 Mbps Lower Gray code Timesharing

U-Law 30 DS 274.176 Mbps Higher Huffman codes Batch processing

Digital companding 32 OC 3.152 Mbps The same Hexadecimal Remote processing

Log PCM codes 8 STS 2.048 Mbps Not measurable Complementary codes Distributed processing

Time sharing

Batch processing

Remote processing

Distributed processing

Digital & Data Communications

Data

Timing

Control

Ground

Digital & Data

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText mostly sent through the ____ pins. CSMA/CD stands for: Choice1 Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection 2 Computer data Data Compression Choice2 Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Designation 3 Voice Bit Stealing Choice3 Cold Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection 4 Video Bit Stuffing Subj Communications Col Sense Multiple Access Digital & Data with Collision Communications Determination Any of these Digital & Data Communications All of the above Digital & Data Communications Data Acquisition Digital & Data Communications Neither digital nor analog Digital & Data Communications 1000 Digital & Data Communications 622 Mbps V.23 Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Choice4

Data are sent over pin ________ of the EIA-232 interface. Data communications refers to the transmission of Data compression is a technique that removes redundancy in transmitted bit patterns to reduce transmission rates by 20% to 200%. Data means Data sent by a D2 channel banks are at ________ million bits per second. Data transfer of STM-16. Deals with the connection of terminals to modems, including automatic calling operations for switched circuits on synchronous PDNs. Defines that the data communications code known as International Alphabet No.5. Defines the interface between DTE and DCE for synchronous operation on PDNs, including an extension for terminals designed to interface to the V series modems for synchronous operation. Digital transmission and signalling are useful because

Digital information 1.544

Both digital and analog 2.048

Analog information 44736

2.5 Gbps X.21

3.5 Gbps X.23

155.52 Gbps V.21

V.3 X.21

X.4 X.23

V.6 X.25

X.5 X.24

All of the above

Signalling is easier

It can provide a lower

Digital logic circuits are

Digital & Data

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText Direct machine to machine transmission over long distances without modems is not practical because Equation used to determine the number of Hamming bits in the Hamming code. Error control of data transmission is done by: Error detection is usually done in the ______ layer of the OSI model. Ethernet is a baseband system using CSMA/CD operating at Exact equivalent rate of E1. For BCD, the radix is binary while the modulo is Full-duplex operation Functions performed by D-type channel banks are: Choice1 A dc path that will handle data in pulse form does not exist 2^n >= m + n + 1 Choice2 Copper wires does not transmit dc efficiently 2^n <= m + n + 1 Choice3 signal-to-noise ratio Data comes from the computer in the form of tones not pulses 2^n > m + n + 1 Choice4 cheaper than analog None of the above Subj Communications Digital & Data Communications

Gateway can interconnect LANs that have _____ protocols and formats. Generally refers to connections to the Internet with much greater bandwidth than you can get with a modem. HDLC is a _______ protocol. How many bits per frame do the T1 has, including the

Digital & Data Communications All of the above Retransmission Adding redundancy Parity Digital & Data Communications Data link Physical Session Presentation Digital & Data Communications 10 Mbps 20 Mbps 30 Mbps 40 Mbps Digital & Data Communications 2.048 Mbps 51.84 Mbps 1.544 Mbps 140 Mbps Digital & Data Communications 10 16 2 5 Digital & Data Communications All of the above Requires two pairs of Can transfer data in both Requires modems at both Digital & Data cables directions at once ends of the circuit Communications All of the choices except Analog to digital Time division multiplexing Dialed number Digital & Data dialed number convertion translation Communications translation Totally different Different of the same The same None of the above Digital & Data Communications Broadband Wi-Fi DSL Dial Up Connection Digital & Data Communications Bit-oriented 193 Charater-oriented 192 Byte-oriented 191 Count-oriented 190 Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data

2^n < m + n + 1

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText framing bit? How many messages may be outstanding (unacknowledged) on a BiSync link ? If a data communications circuit has a probalility error of 10^-5, in terms of BER, this would mean: If a modem is transmitting at 1200 bits/sec and its signal unit is a dibit, the baud rate of the modem is If a modem is transmitting at 1200 bps and is a dibit, the baud rate of the modem is : If odd parity is used for ASCII error detection, the number of 0s per eight-bit symbol is If there were 14 working station in a LAN, how many direct connections would be required to hook up every terminal to every terminal? If two nonzero voltage levels are used, it is called ____________. In 1972, who developed the first experimental Ethernet system to interconnect the Xerox Alto (system was called Alto Aloha Network) and which later was called ethernet? In a binary system, how many bits are required to transmit 31 equiprobable events? In a peer-to-peer system, when one device wants to send data to another device, it must first sends _______ frame. In IEEE 802 local area network (LAN) standards, ________ are devices that connect autonomous networks of like architecture at the network layer (layer 3). 1 Choice1 2 Choice2 4 Choice3 Subj Communications 8 Digital & Data Communications 1 bit error for every 1,000 Digital & Data bit transmitted Communications 2400 Digital & Data Communications 4800 baud Digital & Data Communications It depends upon the bits Digital & Data Communications 98 Digital & Data Communications Non-return to Zero Barry Bertinger Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Choice4

1 bit error for every 1 bit error for every 1 1 bit error for every 100,000 bit transmitted million bit transmitted 10,000 bit transmitted 600 4800 1200 600 baud Odd 91 1200 baud Even 13 2400 baud Indeterminate 14

Bipolar Bob Metcalfe

Unipolar Narinder Kappany

Return to Zero Jim Williams

5 An ENQ

2 A SEL

4 An ACK

3 A poll

Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

Routers

Bridge

Gateways

Gatekeepers

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText In Manchester code, what is represented by a one cycle of a square wave at 0 degree phase? In Manchester code, what is represented by one cycle of a square wave at 180 degree phase? In order to separate channels in a TDM receiver. It is necessary to use In what year did computers and terminals start communicating with each other over long distance? Intended to provide communications medium for the transfer of digital data from station to station without the use of data modem: Interconnects LANs within a building. Involves transmission of two nonzero voltage level. It has the ability to move data over the phone lines at speeds up to ____________, or 140 times quicker than the fastest analog modems available today (56 kbps). It involves converting standard logic levels (TTL, CMOS and the like) to form more suitable to telephones line transmission. It is a communication system that uses digital pulses to encode information rather than analog signals. It is a standard communications protocol embedded in software and hardware devices, intended for building a local area network (LAN). It is the most fundamental and widely used form of digital signals are binary signals, in which one AMplitude condition represents a binary digit 1, and Choice1 Logic 1 Logic 0 AND gates 1950's Digital Data service (DDs) Building Backbone Bipolar 6 Mbps Logic 0 Logic 1 Bandpass filters 1960's Choice2 Choice3 Logic 1 and 0 Logic 1 or 0 Differentiation 1970's Choice4 Logic 1 or 0 Subj Digital & Data Communications Logic 1 and 0 Digital & Data Communications Integration Digital & Data Communications 1980's Digital & Data Communications Analog Data service (ADs) Digital & Data Communications WAN Return to zero 155 Mbps Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

Analog/Digital service Digital/Analog service (A/Ds) (D/As) Campus Backbone Unipolar 200 Mbps PAN Non-return to zero 1024 Mbps

Digital Line Encoding

Digital Data Conversion Analog carrier Digital loop carrier

Digital Data Transmission PCM encoding

Digital carrier Ethernet

Carrier frequency Digital subscriber line

Amplitude carrier Wavelength division multiplexing Digit

Bit

Unipolar

Bipolar

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText Choice1 another AMplitude condition represents a binary digit 0. Known as the International Numbering Plan for Public X.121 Data Networks: Node-to-node delivery of the data unit is the Data link reponsibility of the _____ layer. OC-3 has the line speed. 155.52 Mbps One (1) dit is equivalent to how many bits 3.32 bits Choice2 Choice3 Choice4 Subj

E.164 Physical 51.84 Mbps 4 bits DDCMP has a message header 20 23B+D Byte oriented Muldem

E.165 Session 1.244 Gbps 3.5 bits DDCMP does not have a transparent mode 12 B+D Character oriented CODEC

X.122 Application 622.08 Mbps 3 bits All of the above

One primary difference between DDCMP and SDLC is : DDCMP doesn't require special hardware to find beginning of message One section in a D1 channel bank handles _____ voice 24 channels. Primary user interface structure of ISDN. 23B+D and 30B+D Protocols may be: Provides a convenient place to make patchable interconnect and perform routines maintenance and troubleshooting. Ratified by the CCITT in 1988, which handles errorr correction for asynchronous modems, enabling asynchronous-to-synchronous conversion: Recommendations for special modems to transmit analog signals associated with the medical field. Remote users to a LAN can be restricted by Any of the above Digital cross connect

Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

48 30B+D Bit oriented T Carrier

V.42

X.42

V.32

X.32

V.16 Call-back modems

X.19 Dial-up modems

V.17 Asynchronous modem

X.17 Synchronous modem

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText Services requiring 50-600 Mbps transport capacity Sixteen different levels(symbols) are used to encode binary data. The channel bandwidth is 36 MHz. The maximum channel capacity is Specifies data compression techniques for modems that use the LAP-M error control procedure used in V.42 modems. Technique used for T1 carrier to ensure that sufficient transitions occur in the data tomaintain clock synchronization. Ten bit errors occur in two million transmitted. The bit error rate is The layer of the ISO-OSI reference model that ensures data is successfully transmitted between two points is the: The line coding scheme used for the DS-1 signal is The line coding scheme used for the DS-1 signal is: The transmission and reception of data via one or more data links according to appropriate protocols is called: The transmission signal coding method for T1 carrier is called : The variety of microprocessors found in most companies creates a potential LAN problem because of The _________ layer can use the trailer of the frame for error detection. The basic data transfer of PDH. Choice1 Broadband 288 Mbits/s Choice2 Wideband 72 Mbits/s Choice3 Narrowband 18 Mbits/s Choice4 Passband 2.176 Gbits/s Subj Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

V.42bis

X.29

X.42bis

V.29

B8ZS

B3ZS

B6ZS

None of the above

2 x 10^-5 Data Link layer

5 x 10^-5 Physical layer

5 x 10^-6 Transport layer

2 x 10^-6 Network layer

Bipolar

Digital & Data Communications Bipolar Binary 3 zero substitution Ternary Digital & Data Communications Data communications Communications Telecommunications Compression Digital & Data queuing Communications Bipolar Binary NRZ Manchester Digital & Data Communications NETBIOS incompatibility Different costs for Service needs Different disk drive speed Digital & Data different components Communications Data link Physical Session Network Digital & Data Communications 2.048 Mbps 155.52 Mbps 1.544 Mbps 51.84 Mbps Digital & Data

Binary 3-zero substitution Non return to zero

Ternary

Non-return-to-zero

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText The basic rate of Gigabit Ethernet. The basic transmission bit rate of E system. The basic unit of information in a binary system. The Baudot code is a ___ bit code used in telegraphy. The Baudot code uses how many bits per symbol ? The binary pulse is maintained for the entire bit time. The character making up the message is a synchronous transmission are collectively reffered to as a data The compressed 8 bit code of the linear 12 bit 100101010101is 11010101, to what segment does it belong The conversion equipment between the DTE and the transmission channel The digital to analog converter in a synchronous modem sends signals to the The digital-to-analog converter in a synchronous modem sends signals to the: The DTMF generator in an electronic phone produces tones using a The equation fs = 2 x Bandwidth is called the Choice1 1000 Mbps 2.048 Mbps Bit 5 5 Non-return to zero Block 5 Choice2 200 Mbps 1.544 Mbps Baud 6 7 Bipolar Set 6 Choice3 100 Mbps 64 kbps Bits per second 7 8 Unipolar Sequence 4 Choice4 1200 Mbps 8.448 Mbps Byte 2 9 Return to zero Collection 2 Subj Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

DCE Equalizer Equalizer Digital divider circuit Nyquist criterion

Host Modulator Terminal RC circuit Shannon theorem

Terminal Transmission lines Modulator LC circuit Erlang law

FEP Terminals Transmission line Digital multiplier circuit Edison effect

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText The fastest LAN topology is the Choice1 Bus Ring Ethernet Inventory all current software USRT Binary 3-zero substitution 1.544 Mbps Choice2 Stars Fas ethernet Inventory all current hardware USART Ternary 51.84 Mbps It is faster that parallel transmission 10 QAM E-mail Choice3 Square Metcalfe's network system Write a request for a proposal RS-232C Non-return-to-zero 64 kbps All of the above 0.1 All of the above None of the above Choice4 Subj Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

The first experimental ethernet system was named Alto Aloha Network ___________. The first step in an analysis of company LAN needs is to Examine the problems existing that could be solved w/ a LAN The interconnection of null modems between two Cross Pin computer systems is called _____. The line encoding scheme used for the DS-1 signal is: Bipolar The line speed of an E-1 TDM system. The main advantage of serial data transmission is: The maximum data rate for RS-422 is ______ times that of the maximum RS-423 data rate. The modulation used for asynchronous data. The most common meaning of "__________" on the Internet refers to a piece of information sent by a Web Server to a Web Browser that the Browser software is expected to save and to send back to the Server whenever the browser makes additional requests The most common technique for binary data transmission is The North American Standard of PCM system is capable of providing The number of bits required to transmit 1 out of 32 2.048 Mbps

Data can be sent over a It sells lots of shift single wire registers 100 500 PSK Cookie FSK Web Page

Asynchronous transmission 32 channels 5

Bisynchronous transmission 24 channels 3

Synchronous transmission Plesiochronous transmission 16 channels 30 channels 2 8

Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText equiprobable events: The number of bits, characters or blocks which can pass through data communications system when the system is working at saturation. The number of dedicated lines necessary to interconnect 220 parties is The number of information bits per second in data systems is known as The number of voice band channel in a master group per CCITT standard is The output spectrum of channel 1 in a group formation is The parameter that both affects transmission of highspeed modem data is The parameter that most affects transmission of highspeed modem data is: The performance of data communications network depends on _______________. The primary purpose of the data modem. Choice1 Information capacity Choice2 Bit rate Choice3 Baud rate Choice4 Any of the above Subj Communications Digital & Data Communications

Digital & Data Communications Data rate Binary rate Serial rate Byte rate Digital & Data Communications 300 120 600 480 Digital & Data Communications 104-108 kHz 94-100 kHz 100-104 kHz 92-96 kHz Digital & Data Communications Phase distortion Frequency shift Amplitude distortion Impulse noise Digital & Data Communications Phase distortion Amplitude distortion Frequency shift Impulse noise Digital & Data Communications All of the above The number of users The transmission media The hardware and Digital & Data software Communications Interface digital Interface analog Interface digital terminal Interface analog terminal Digital & Data terminal equipment to terminal equipment equipment to digital equipment to analog Communications analog comm. channel to digital comm. comm. channel comm. channel channel When would optical fibers be used in an Ethernet-type Routinely, the standard To extend Never, the standard calls When transmission Digital & Data LAN? allows for optical fiber. transmission distance for coaxial cable. speeds exceed 50 Mbit/s. Communications to reach remote terminals. Which encoding method uses alternating positive and AMI Manchester RZ NRZ-I Digital & Data negative values of 1s? Communications Which error detection method involves polynomials? CRC VRC LRC All of the above Digital & Data

24,090 lines

48,400 line

440 lines

24,200 lines

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText The receive equalizer in a synchronous modem is called: The RS-449 A interface is: The sampling rate must be greater than or equal to twice the given bandwidth. The scrambler in a synchronous modem is in the: The signal between two voice band modems is always Choice1 An adaptive equalizer A 25 wire cable with a compatible connector Nyquist criterion Transmitter section Analog Choice2 A compromise equalizer One with 37 wires & one with 9 wires Shannon theorem Receiver section Digital Echo back 64 kbps Choice3 A statistical equalizer An unbalanced digital interface circuit Erlang law Control section PSK Cyclic redundancy 2.048 Mbps Subj Communications An impairment equalizer Digital & Data Communications A balanced digital Digital & Data interface circuit Communications Edison effect Digital & Data Communications Terminal section Digital & Data Communications QAM Digital & Data Communications Cyclic redundancy Digital & Data Communications 640 kbps Digital & Data Communications Low cost access for low Digital & Data bandwidth channels Communications All of the above Digital & Data Communications SDLC Digital & Data Communications Technique for dial access Digital & Data Communications Data bit rate Digital & Data Communications Mode Digital & Data Communications Choice4

The simplest error detection scheme used for data Parity communications. The T-1 North American digital system has 24 channels 1.54 Mbps and require a transmission speed of Which of the following is a characteristic of a LAN? Application independent interfaces Which of the following is a typical application of a FAX Document transmission terminal? within buildings Which of the following is an example of a characteroriented protocol? The X.25 standard defines : The X.25 standard specifies a Bisync protocol DTE/DCE interface DTE/DCE interface

Parallel transmission Unlimited expansion Document Fact collection in transmission between industrial warehouse regional offices HDLC LAP-B Data bit rate Technique fo dial access CCIR rules Technique for start-stop data Technique for start-stop data EIA rules

These are the rules in data communications intended Protocol for establishing data links and message interpretation.

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText This hybrid data is essentially the same as DAV except that the lower baseband spectrum is a vestigial sideband video rather than a composite FDM signal. This technology is known for its 140 times faster than the analog modems, has dedicated connection and provides simultaneous service over the landlines and internet This topology is a multi data communication network where all stations are interconnected in tandem to form a closed loop or circle. This topology is a multi point data communications circuit that makes it relatively simple to control data flows between and among the computer because this allows stations to receive every over the network. To permit the selection of 1 out of 16 equiprobable events, the number of bits required is Transmission of data can be protected against interception, addition, change and deletion by: Typical LANs support buses Unit of signaling speed is Unit of signaling speed is called Using Nyquist theorem, calculate the maximum PCM bit rate which a voice signal with a 4 KHz bandwidth can be transmitted assuming 8 bits are sampled per sampling period. Voice band channel of a basic master group. Choice1 Data Above Video (DAVID) ADSL Choice2 Data In Voice (DIV) Choice3 Data Above Voice (DAV) Choice4 Data Under Voice (DUV) Subj Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

ISDN

DLC

Voice Modem

Ring Topology

Hybrid Topology

Mesh Topology

Star Topology

Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

Bus Topology

Ring Topology

Mesh Topology

Hybrid Topology

4 Decryption technique 1000 ft Baud Bits per second 64 Kbit/sec

Log 16 Detection technique 10000 ft Mbps Mark None of the above

Encryption technique Deletion tehnique 500 ft Bits Baud 64 Mbit/sec 5000 ft Dits Hertz 64 bits/sec

Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

10 VB

60 VB

600 VB

3600 VB

Digital & Data

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText What is a function of a codec? Choice1 All of the choices Choice2 Analog sampling 5 MHz 2.048 Mbps 10 kHz 3.152 Mbps 1.544 Mbps Cost of interconnecting cables 51.84 mS Choice3 Encoding/decoding 10 MHz 155.54 Mbps 8 kHz 2.048 Mbps 30152 Mbps Not enough vendors Choice4 Digital companding 10.75 MHz 51.84 Mbps 6 kHz 1.333 Mbps 1.333 Mbps Software problems Subj Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

What is the bandwidth required to transmit at a rate of 1.075 MHz 10 Mbits/s in the presence of a 28-dB S/N ratio? What is the basic bit rate of T Carrier System? 1.544 Mbps What is the guard band between supergroup 1 and supergroup 2 What is the line rate of T1 carrier? What is the line speed of E1 system? What is the major drawback to LAN at the present time? 12 kHz 1.544 Mbps 2.048 Mbps Lack of standards

What is the maximum average synchronization time of 48.25 mS T1 carrier? What is the transmission signal coding for T1 carrier? Bipolar Which is not a substitute pattern used for B3ZS? Which is not an example of data communication? -0+ An automatic teller machine checking account balances with the banks computer Data Over Video (DOVID) Fiber Optic

Digital & Data Communications Binary NRZ Manchester Digital & Data Communications +0+ 00-0Digital & Data Communications A salesman A computer transmitting A teletype news bulletin Digital & Data telephoning orders to files to another computer Communications the office Data Above Voice (DAV) Frequency agile Data Under Voice (DUV) Closed-circuit TV Data In Voice (DIV) Voice circuits Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data

125 S

62.7 S

Which of the following are not a hybrid data? Which of the following cannot be provided in a

DigitalandDataComm
Choice1 broadband LAN? Transmission Which of the following data communications functions Data link control is generally provided for in a LAN ? Which of the following determine whether a system is Terminal characteristics simplex, half-duplex of full duplex ? Which of the following do not belong to the OSI Layers? Which of the following does not belong to the hybrid data? Which of the following encoding methods does not provide for synchronization? Which of the following is not a hybrid data? Which of the following is not a LAN? Which of the following is not a reason to use fiber-optic cables for point to point data transmission? Which of the following is not a useful property of a Manchester line code for an Ethernet? Which of the following is not and internetworking device? Which of the following is not one of the basic bit rates of PDH? Which of the following is not primarily a type of data communications? Which of the following is one of the bit rates of SDH? Data Layer Data In Video (DIV) NRZ-L Data Under Video Cable TV system Data-transfer rates too low to use metal cables. No signal change at a 1 to 0 transition Bridge 2.048 Mbps Telephone 155 Mbps QuestText Choice2 modems Applications processing Terminal, modem and channel characteristics Physical Layer Data Above Voice (DAV) AMI Data Above Video PBX system Choice3 Flow control Modem and channel characteristics Network Layer Data Above Video (DAVID) B8ZS Data Above Voice Hospital system Routing Transmission medium used Transport Layer Data Under Voice (DUV) HDB3 Data Under Voice Office building system Elimination of spark hazards. Continuous clock transitions All of them are 12.464 Mbps CW 64 Mbps Choice4 Subj Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications

Avoidance of ground Need to assure data loops. security. No dc component Continuous energy Gateway 8.448 Mbps Teletype 120 Mbps Router 34.368 Mbps Telegraph 2 Mbps

DigitalandDataComm
QuestText Which of the following items cannot be provided in a broadband LAN Which of the following LAN architectures can be expanded to the greatest total system bandwidth? Which of the four patterns can be used to substitute eight consecutive zeros using B8RZ? Which pin (EIA-232) is used for secondary channel? Which topology requires a multipoint connection? Why is it necessary to use carrier in data communication? Choice1 Choice2 Fiber-optic transmission Frequency agile modems Digital PBX CSMA/CD baseband system -+0+-000 00+-0+00 All of the above Bus 13 Ring Choice3 Closed-circuit TV Subj Digital & Data Communications Token-passing network Broadband cable system Digital & Data Communications +-+00+00 0+0-00 Digital & Data Communications 19 12 Digital & Data Communications Mesh All of the above Digital & Data Communications Because multiplexing All of the above Digital & Data systems need carriers to Communications function properly B10ZS B3ZS Digital & Data Communications Digital & Data Communications Choice4 Voice circuits

Data signals can't be It makes modulation transmitted to easier destination without aid of carrier With modern T1 carrier, a technique called ____ is use B8ZS B6ZS to ensure that sufficient transitions occur in the data to maintain clock synchronization. Long string of either logic 1s or logic 0s produces a With NRZ encoding Dc wandering condition in which a receiver may lose its amplitude reference for optimum discrimination between received 1s and 0s. this condition is called ___ Within the total TDM frame, the PCM code for each Epoch Subdivision channel occupies a fixed time slot, called

Alternate mark inversion Regenerative repeater

Channel time

Frame time

Digital & Data Communications